KR20050017371A - Liquid crystal display having multi domain and panel for the same - Google Patents

Liquid crystal display having multi domain and panel for the same

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Publication number
KR20050017371A
KR20050017371A KR1020030056067A KR20030056067A KR20050017371A KR 20050017371 A KR20050017371 A KR 20050017371A KR 1020030056067 A KR1020030056067 A KR 1020030056067A KR 20030056067 A KR20030056067 A KR 20030056067A KR 20050017371 A KR20050017371 A KR 20050017371A
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
electrode
pixel
formed
pixel electrode
signal line
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020030056067A
Other languages
Korean (ko)
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KR100980018B1 (en
Inventor
송장근
Original Assignee
삼성전자주식회사
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Application filed by 삼성전자주식회사 filed Critical 삼성전자주식회사
Priority to KR1020030056067A priority Critical patent/KR100980018B1/en
Priority claimed from US10/916,518 external-priority patent/US7206048B2/en
Publication of KR20050017371A publication Critical patent/KR20050017371A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of KR100980018B1 publication Critical patent/KR100980018B1/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/1333Constructional arrangements; Manufacturing methods
    • G02F1/1337Surface-induced orientation of the liquid crystal molecules, e.g. by alignment layers
    • G02F1/133707Structures for producing distorted electric fields, e.g. bumps, protrusions, recesses, slits in pixel electrodes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/1333Constructional arrangements; Manufacturing methods
    • G02F1/1343Electrodes
    • G02F1/134309Electrodes characterised by their geometrical arrangement
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/136Liquid crystal cells structurally associated with a semi-conducting layer or substrate, e.g. cells forming part of an integrated circuit
    • G02F1/1362Active matrix addressed cells
    • G02F1/136213Storage capacitors associated with the pixel electrode
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/136Liquid crystal cells structurally associated with a semi-conducting layer or substrate, e.g. cells forming part of an integrated circuit
    • G02F1/1362Active matrix addressed cells
    • G02F1/1368Active matrix addressed cells in which the switching element is a three-electrode device
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F2201/00Constructional arrangements not provided for in groups G02F1/00 - G02F7/00
    • G02F2201/12Constructional arrangements not provided for in groups G02F1/00 - G02F7/00 electrode
    • G02F2201/123Constructional arrangements not provided for in groups G02F1/00 - G02F7/00 electrode pixel

Abstract

A gate line formed on an insulating substrate, a data line insulated from and intersecting with the gate line, first and second pixel electrodes formed in each pixel region defined by the intersection of the gate line and the data line, and separated through slits, and a gate A first thin film transistor having three terminals connected to a line, a data line, and first and second pixel electrodes, and a second thin film transistor connected to the first pixel electrode and capacitively coupled to the second pixel electrode. A liquid crystal display device having a common display panel on which a thin film transistor array panel and a common electrode having a cutout that is a domain restricting means overlapping the second pixel electrode is provided. In this way, a wide viewing angle liquid crystal display device with improved side visibility while securing luminance can be obtained, and the response speed of liquid crystal molecules can be increased.

Description

Multi-domain liquid crystal display and display panel used therefor {LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY HAVING MULTI DOMAIN AND PANEL FOR THE SAME}

The present invention relates to a liquid crystal display device and a display panel used therefor.

In general, a liquid crystal display device injects a liquid crystal material between an upper display panel on which a common electrode, a color filter, and the like are formed, and a lower display panel on which a thin film transistor and a pixel electrode are formed. By applying a different voltage to form an electric field to change the arrangement of the liquid crystal molecules, and through this to adjust the transmittance of light to represent the image.

However, it is an important disadvantage that the liquid crystal display device has a narrow viewing angle. In order to overcome these disadvantages, various methods for widening the viewing angle have been developed. Among them, liquid crystal molecules are oriented vertically with respect to the upper and lower display panels, and a method of forming a constant incision pattern or forming protrusions on the pixel electrode and the common electrode that is opposite thereto. This is becoming potent.

As a method of forming an incision pattern, an incision pattern is formed on each of the pixel electrode and the common electrode, and the viewing angle is widened by adjusting the direction in which the liquid crystal molecules lie down using a fringe field formed by the incision patterns. .

The protrusions are formed by forming protrusions on the pixel electrode and the common electrode formed on the upper and lower display panels, respectively, to adjust the lying direction of the liquid crystal molecules using an electric field distorted by the protrusions.

In another method, an incision pattern is formed on the pixel electrode formed on the lower panel, and protrusions are formed on the common electrode formed on the upper panel, so that the liquid crystal lies down using a fringe field formed by the incision pattern and the protrusion. There is a way to form a domain by controlling.

In such a multi-domain liquid crystal display, the gray scale inversion reference viewing angle defined as a contrast ratio reference viewing angle based on a contrast ratio of 1:10 or a limit angle of luminance inversion between gray scales is excellent, more than 80 ° in all directions. However, the gamma curve of the front side and the gamma curve of the side do not coincide with each other, resulting in inferior visibility in the left and right sides compared to the TN (twisted nematic) mode liquid crystal display. For example, in the patterned vertically aligned (PVA) mode, which makes an incision by domain dividing means, the screen looks brighter and the color tends to shift toward white as the side faces. Occasionally, the picture appears clumped and disappears. However, as liquid crystal display devices are used for multimedia in recent years, visibility has become increasingly important as pictures and moving pictures are viewed.

In addition, the liquid crystal display of the vertical alignment mode having protrusions and cutout patterns has a limit in reducing the response speed of liquid crystals. One of the causes is that when the driving voltage is applied, the liquid crystal molecules arranged adjacent to the incision pattern, which is the edge of the domain, are rearranged quickly by the orientation field determined by the fringe field, but arranged in the center of the domain. They do not determine a particular orientation direction under the influence of only the electric field formed in the vertical direction. Therefore, the liquid crystal molecules positioned in the center of the domain are slowed down because the reorientation is determined by the collision or collision caused by the arrangement of the liquid crystal molecules arranged outside the domain. In order to solve this problem, the incision patterns can be arranged at narrow intervals, but the aperture ratio of the pixel is reduced.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention has been made in an effort to provide a multi-domain liquid crystal display device and a display panel used therefor that are excellent in visibility and improve luminance by securing response speeds of liquid crystal molecules.

In order to solve this problem, the present invention defines a curved pixel region to form a pixel electrode, divides the pixel electrode into two or more through slits, and applies different potentials to the two or more sub pixel electrodes. At this time, the sub pixel electrode to which a high potential is applied among the two sub pixel electrodes is disposed so as to overlap the domain regulating means for dividing the liquid crystal molecules.

In more detail, in the thin film transistor array panel according to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention, a first signal line and a second signal line that are insulated from and cross the first signal line are formed on the insulating substrate. In each pixel region defined by the intersection of the first signal line and the second signal line, first and second electrodes and a third electrode overlapping the second electrode are formed for each pixel. In each pixel, the first thin film transistor and the first and second terminals are connected to the first signal line and the second signal line, and the third terminal is commonly connected to the first and second electrodes. Is connected to a neighboring first signal line and a first electrode, and the third terminal includes a second thin film transistor connected to the third electrode. In this case, it is preferable that the second signal line includes a curved portion and the pixel region has a curved shape.

The first and second electrodes are divided first and second pixel electrodes, the third electrode is a coupling electrode connected to the third terminal of the second thin film transistor, and the coupling electrode extends from the drain electrode of the second thin film transistor. It is preferable that it is done.

The first pixel electrode and the second pixel electrode have a curved shape along the shape of the pixel region, and the first pixel electrode is positioned around the second pixel electrode and is formed between the first signal line and the second signal line. And a passivation layer formed between the second signal line and the first and second pixel electrodes, wherein the second terminal of the second thin film transistor is connected to the first pixel electrode through a contact hole formed in the passivation layer. desirable,

An edge of the first or second pixel electrode overlaps the second signal line with the passivation layer interposed therebetween, and the area of the first pixel electrode and the area of the second pixel electrode are in a range of 50: 50-80: 20. .

In the liquid crystal display according to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention, each pixel region in which the first signal line and the first signal line are insulated from and cross each other, and the second signal line having the curved portion repeatedly, the first signal line and the second signal line are defined to cross each other. And a common electrode facing the first and second pixel electrodes and the first and second pixel electrodes separated from each other through slits, and each pixel area has a curved shape along the shape of the second signal line. For the common voltage of the common electrode, the first and second pixel voltages of the first and second pixel electrodes are different from the image signal voltage transmitted through the second signal line.

It is preferable that the absolute value of the first pixel voltage is smaller than the absolute value of the second pixel voltage, the common electrode preferably has a domain regulating means as a cutout, and the slits are arranged in parallel with the domain regulating means.

The first pixel electrode is disposed around the second pixel electrode, and the second pixel electrode preferably overlaps with the domain restricting means, and the area of the first pixel electrode and the area of the second pixel electrode are 50: 50-80. It is preferable that it is in the range of: 20.

The first thin film transistor for controlling the image signal voltage transmitted to the first and second pixel electrodes in common, and the first thin film transistor and the second pixel electrode may further include a second thin film transistor connected with a coupling capacitance. A coupling electrode connected to the first pixel electrode through the second thin film transistor and overlapping the second pixel electrode in an insulated state may be further added, and the coupling electrode extends from the drain electrode of the second thin film transistor. Do.

According to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, a liquid crystal display device includes a first insulating substrate and a gate line formed on the first insulating substrate and including first and second gate electrodes, a gate insulating film formed on the gate line, and a gate insulating film A data line including an amorphous silicon layer formed on the amorphous silicon layer, an amorphous silicon layer formed on the ohmic contact layer and a gate insulating layer, and at least part of the data line including a first source electrode formed on the ohmic contact layer, and at least part of the ohmic contact layer First and second drain electrodes formed on the substrate and opposing the first source electrode to the first gate electrode, respectively, and formed on the gate insulating layer, and having a second source electrode and a third facing the center of the second gate electrode; A drain electrode, a coupling electrode formed on the gate insulating film, a data line, a second source electrode, and first to third A passivation layer formed on the drain electrode and the coupling electrode, and a first pixel electrode formed on the passivation layer and connected to the first drain electrode and the second source electrode, separated through the first pixel electrode and the slit, and the second drain electrode. At least a second pixel electrode connected to the coupling electrode and at least partially overlapping the coupling electrode, a second insulating substrate facing the first insulating substrate, and a common electrode formed on the second insulating substrate, the first substrate, and the second substrate. A second domain dividing means formed on at least one of the first domain dividing means, the first substrate, and the second substrate formed on one, and dividing the pixel region into a plurality of small domains together with the first domain dividing means; The slits are arranged side by side with the first and second domain dividing means.

Preferably, the coupling electrode extends from the third drain electrode, wherein the first domain dividing means is a cut portion of at least one of the first pixel electrode and the second pixel electrode, and the second domain dividing means is a cut portion of the common electrode. It is desirable to disclaim.

The first pixel electrode is disposed around the second pixel electrode, and the cutout preferably overlaps the second pixel electrode.

Preferably, the area of the first pixel electrode and the area of the second pixel electrode are in a range of 50: 50-80: 20, the data line has a bent portion, and the first and second pixel electrodes are defined by the gate line and the data line. It is preferably formed in a curved shape along the shape of the pixel region.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION Embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings so that those skilled in the art may easily implement the present invention. As those skilled in the art would realize, the described embodiments may be modified in various different ways, all without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention.

In the drawings, the thickness of layers, films, panels, regions, etc., are exaggerated for clarity. Like parts are designated by like reference numerals throughout the specification. When a part of a layer, film, region, plate, etc. is said to be "on" another part, this includes not only the other part being "right over" but also another part in the middle. On the contrary, when a part is "just above" another part, there is no other part in the middle.

Next, a structure of a thin film transistor substrate for a liquid crystal display according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

1 is a layout view of a thin film transistor substrate for a liquid crystal display according to a first embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 2 is a layout view of a color filter substrate for a liquid crystal display according to a first embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 4 to 6 are cross-sectional views of the liquid crystal display of FIG. 3 taken along lines IV-IV ', VV', and VI-VI ', respectively. 7 is a circuit diagram showing the structure of a thin film transistor array panel for a liquid crystal display according to a first embodiment of the present invention.

The liquid crystal display according to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention is injected between the lower panel 100 and the upper panel 200 facing the lower panel 100 and the lower panel 100 and the upper panel 200 to be perpendicular to the display panels 100 and 200. It consists of the liquid crystal layer 3 containing the liquid crystal molecule orientated in the direction. In this case, alignment layers 11 and 21 are formed on each of the display panels 100 and 200, and the alignment layers 11 and 21 perpendicular to the liquid crystal molecules 310 of the liquid crystal layer 3 with respect to the display panels 100 and 200. It is preferred, but not necessarily, that it is a vertical orientation mode that allows it to be oriented.

First, the configuration of the lower panel is as follows.

First and second pixel electrodes 190a and 190b and a combination of transparent conductive materials such as indium tin oxide (ITO) or indium zinc oxide (IZO) on the lower insulating substrate 110 made of a transparent insulating material such as glass An electrode 176 is formed. The first and second pixel electrodes 190a and 190b are directly connected to the first thin film transistor TFT1 (see FIG. 6) to receive an image signal voltage together. The second pixel electrode 190b may also be connected to the first pixel electrode. The coupling electrode 176 connected to the second thin film transistor TFT2 (see FIG. 7) connected to the 190a overlaps the first electrode 190. The first thin film transistor TFT1 is connected to the gate line 121 that transmits the scan signal and the data line 171 that transmits the image signal, respectively, to the first and second pixel electrodes 190a and 190b according to the scan signal. The applied image signal is turned on. In addition, the second thin film transistor TFT2 is connected to the neighboring gate line 121 and the first pixel electrode 190a and is transferred to the coupling electrode 176 according to a scan signal, and thus an image signal of the first pixel electrode 190a. To control. When the second thin film transistor TFT2 is turned on, the pixel voltage transferred to the first pixel electrode 190a is transferred to the coupling electrode 176, and the coupling electrode 176 overlaps the second pixel electrode 190b. The pixel voltages of the first and second pixel electrodes 190a and 190b that are coupled and capacitively transferred initially are changed, which will be described in detail later. In this case, the first and second pixel electrodes 190a and 190b are separated through the cutouts 191 and 193, and the coupling electrode 176 extends from one terminal of the second thin film transistor TFT2. The two pixel electrode 192 has a cutout 192. In addition, a lower polarizing plate (not shown) is attached to the lower surface of the insulating substrate 110. Here, the first and second pixel electrodes 190a and 190b may not be made of a transparent material in the case of a reflective liquid crystal display, and in this case, the lower polarizer is also unnecessary.

Next, the configuration of the upper panel is as follows.

Also, a black matrix 220 and a red, green, and blue color filter having an opening in the pixel area on the bottom surface of the upper insulating substrate 210 made of a transparent insulating material such as glass to prevent light leaking between the pixel areas ( 230 and a common electrode 270 formed of a transparent conductive material such as ITO or IZO. The cutout 271 is formed in the common electrode 270. The cutout 271 is a domain regulating means for forming a fringe field in the pixel region to divide and align the liquid crystal molecules, and a fringe field formed at the boundary of the first pixel electrode 190a is also a domain regulating means to divide and align the liquid crystal molecules. . In this case, although the cutouts of the common electrode 270 and the first pixel electrode 190a are used to form the fringe field as domain regulating means, a protrusion for dividing and aligning the liquid crystal molecules by inducing the alignment force of the alignment layer to be inclined is used. It may be. The black matrix 220 may be formed not only in the periphery of the pixel region but also in a portion overlapping with the cutout 271 of the common electrode 270, to prevent light leakage caused by the cutout 271. .

The thin film transistor array panel of the liquid crystal display according to the first embodiment will be described in more detail with reference to FIGS. 1 and 3 to 7.

A plurality of gate lines 121 are formed on the lower insulating substrate 110 to transfer gate signals. The gate line 121 mainly extends in the horizontal direction, and a part of each gate line 121 forms a plurality of gate electrodes. In this case, the gate electrode extends up and down the gate line 121 to include the gate electrodes 124a and 124c of the first and second thin film transistors TFT1 and TFT2. One end of the gate line 121 may be widely extended to form a contact portion for connection with an external gate driving circuit, and in the case of having no contact portion as in the present embodiment, the gate layer 121 may be formed directly on the same layer as the signal line. An end portion of the gate line 121 is directly connected to an output terminal of the formed gate driving circuit.

Further, in another embodiment of the present invention, the storage electrode wiring is formed on the same layer as the gate line 121, and the storage electrode wiring is a plurality of sets extending from the storage electrode line extending horizontally across the center of the pixel region. A storage electrode. It is preferable that the storage electrode line has a curved shape along the shape of the pixel, and the pair of storage electrodes are extended to a large area and subsequently formed with the first and second pixel electrodes 190a and 190b or the coupling electrode 176. Overlapping to form a holding capacitor.

The gate line 121 is made of metal such as Al, Al alloy, Ag, Ag alloy, Cr, Ti, Ta, Mo, or the like. As shown in Figures 4 to 6, the gate line 121 of the present embodiment is made of a single layer, but a metal layer such as Cr, Mo, Ti, Ta, etc. having excellent physicochemical properties and Al or Ag series having a small specific resistance It may also consist of a double layer comprising a metal layer.

The side of the gate line 121 is inclined and the inclination angle with respect to the horizontal plane is preferably 30 to 80 °.

A gate insulating layer 140 made of silicon nitride (SiNx) or the like is formed on the gate line 121.

On the gate insulating films 140 of the gate electrodes 124a and 124c, a plurality of linear semiconductors 151 made of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (amorphous silicon is abbreviated a-Si) and the like are formed. The semiconductor layer 151 includes a channel portion that forms a channel of the first and second thin film transistors TFT1 and TFT2, and the channel portion includes a first channel positioned on the gate electrode 124a of the first thin film transistor TFT1. A second channel portion 154c is disposed on the portion 154a and the gate electrode 124c of the second thin film transistor TFT2. In this case, the semiconductor 151 extends linearly along the data line 171 formed later, and has a wide width at a position where the data line 171 intersects the gate line 121 and the storage electrode line (not shown). It extends to a larger area than the part where these 171 and 121 cross | intersect.

On the semiconductor layer 151, a linear ohmic contact 161 made of a material such as n + hydrogenated amorphous silicon doped with a high concentration of silicide or n-type impurities and an island-type ohmic contact 165a, 165b, 163c, and 165c are formed. The resistive contact member 161 includes a source portion resistive contact member 163a positioned at the center of the gate electrode 124a, and the island-type resistive contact member 163c includes the gate electrode 124c of the second thin film transistor TFT2. ) And the island-like resistive contact members 165a, 165b, and 165c face the source resistive members 163a and 163c with respect to the gate electrodes 124a and 124c, respectively.

On the ohmic contact layers 161, 163c, 165a, 165b, and 165c and the gate insulating layer 140, the source electrode 173c of the data line 171 and the second thin film transistor TFT2, and the first and second thin film transistors TFT1, Drain electrodes 175a, 175b, and 175c of the TFT2 are formed. The data line 171 extends long and crosses the gate line 121, and has a source electrode 173a connected to the data line 171 and extending to an upper portion of the source ohmic contact 163a. The drain electrodes 175a and 175b of the first thin film transistor TFT1 are separated from the source electrode 173a and are disposed on the drain resistive contact members 165a and 165b opposite the source electrode 173a with respect to the gate electrode 124a. Are located on each. The drain electrode 175c of the second thin film transistor TFT2 is separated from the source electrode 173c and positioned above the source portion ohmic contact 165 opposite to the source electrode 173c with respect to the gate electrode 124c. The coupling electrode 176 is connected to the drain electrode 175c of the second thin film transistor TFT2 to overlap the second pixel electrode 190b to form the coupling capacitor Cbc. One end portion 179 of the data line 171 is a contact portion for connecting with an external circuit, and its width is extended.

Here, the data line 171 has a portion that is repeatedly curved and a portion that extends vertically with a length of the pixel. At this time, the curved portion of the data line 171 consists of two straight portions, one of the two straight portions forms 45 degrees with respect to the gate line 121, and the other portion is formed on the gate line 121. To -45 degrees. The source electrode 173 is connected to a vertically extending portion of the data line 171, and the portion crosses the gate line 121. In this case, two or more curved portions of the data line 171 may have various shapes.

At this time, the ratio of the lengths of the bent portion and the vertically extending portion of the data line 171 is between 1: 1 and 9: 1 (that is, the ratio of the bent portion of the data line 171 is between 50% and 90%). )to be.

Accordingly, the pixel formed by the intersection of the gate line 121 and the data line 171 has a curved band shape.

The source electrode 173c, the drain electrodes 175a and 175b, and the coupling electrode 176 extend in a polygonal shape where portions connected or overlapping with the first and second pixel electrodes 191a and 192b are expanded in a polygonal shape. The shape may have boundary lines of various shapes such as parallelograms or rhombuses.

A- formed by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) on the data line 171, the source electrode 173c, the drain electrodes 175a, 175b, and 175c, and the exposed semiconductor layers 154a and 154c. A passivation layer 180 made of a low dielectric constant insulating material such as Si: C: O, a-Si: O: F, or silicon nitride or an organic insulating material, which is an inorganic material, is formed.

The passivation layer 180 has contact holes 183c, 185a, and 185b exposing the source electrode 173c of the second thin film transistor TFT2, the drain electrodes 175a and 175b of the first thin film transistor TFT1, and the width of the data line. A contact hole 182 is formed which exposes the extended end portion 179. In addition, the passivation layer 180 may have a contact hole that exposes an end portion (not shown) of the gate line 121 together with the gate insulating layer 140. In this embodiment, the gate line also has a contact portion similar to the data line.

In this case, the sidewalls of the contact holes 183c, 185a, 185b, and 182 may have a gentle inclination of about 30 to 80 degrees with respect to the surface of the substrate 110, and may be formed in various shapes having a flat angle or a circular shape. It is preferable that the area does not exceed 2 mm x 60 m, and is 0.5 mm x 15 m or more.

The passivation layer 180 is connected to the two drain electrodes 175a and 175b of the first thin film transistor TFT1 through the contact holes 185a and 185b, respectively, and has a band shape that is bent along the shape of the pixel. Electrodes 190a and 190b are formed. In addition, the first pixel electrode 190a is connected to the source electrode 173c of the second thin film transistor TFT2 through the contact hole 183c, and the second pixel electrode 190b is connected to the second thin film transistor TFT2. And the coupling electrode 176 connected to the drain electrode 175c. Therefore, the second pixel electrode 190b is electromagnetically coupled (capacitively coupled) to the first pixel electrode 190a connected to the second thin film transistor TFT2.

The slit 191 divides the first pixel electrode 190a and the second pixel electrode 190b, and the slit 191 also has a curved shape along the shape of the pixel.

The data contact auxiliary member 82 is formed on the passivation layer 180 and is connected to the end portion 179 of the data line through the contact hole 182. Of course, in the embodiment in which the gate line 121 has a contact portion at the end, a gate contact auxiliary member may be added. Here, the first and second pixel electrodes 190a and 190b and the contact assistant 82 are made of indium tin oxide (ITO) or indium zinc oxide (IZO).

Next, the opposing display panel display panel will be described with reference to FIGS. 3 and 4 to 6.

Facing the lower insulating substrate 110, a black matrix 220 is formed on the lower surface of the upper substrate 210 made of a transparent insulating material, such as glass, to prevent light leakage. The blue color filter 230 is sequentially formed, and the overcoat film 250 made of silicon nitride or an organic material is formed on the color filter 230. The overcoat layer 250 is formed of a transparent conductive material such as ITO or IZO, and a common electrode 270 having a cutout 271 is formed.

At this time, the cutout 271 forms a fringe field together with the boundary of the first pixel electrode 190a to act as domain regulating means for dividing and aligning the liquid crystal molecules, and its width is preferably between 9 μm and 12 μm. Do. In the case of forming the organic protrusions instead of the cutouts 271 by the domain regulating means, it is preferable to set the width between 5 μm and 10 μm.

Also, the black matrix 220 includes a linear portion corresponding to the curved portion of the data line 171, a vertically extending portion of the data line 171, and a portion corresponding to the thin film transistor portion.

Meanwhile, domain restricting means such as the cutout 271 may be provided on the pixel electrodes 190a and 190b, and the protrusion may be disposed on the pixel electrodes 190a and 190b.

The red, green, and blue color filters 230 are vertically elongated along the pixel columns partitioned by the black matrix 220, and periodically bent along the shape of the pixels.

The cutout 271 is also bent to form a bent pixel. In addition, both ends of the cutout 271 is bent once more so that one end is parallel to the gate line 121, and the cutout 271 divides the pixel into subpixels from side to side in the center of the pixel, and the divided subpixel It may have a branch formed in a shape that bisects up and down.

When the liquid crystal layer is formed by combining the thin film transistor array panel 100 and the common electrode panel 200 having the above structure and injecting liquid crystal therebetween, as shown in FIGS. The basic panel of the liquid crystal display device is made.

The liquid crystal molecules included in the liquid crystal layer may have their directors perpendicular to the lower substrate 110 and the upper substrate 210 without an electric field applied between the pixel electrodes 190a and 190b and the common electrode 270. Oriented and having negative dielectric anisotropy.

In this case, as shown in FIGS. 3 to 6, the lower substrate 110 and the upper substrate 210 have the first and second pixel electrodes 190a and 190b accurately overlapping with the color filter 230, and common. The cutout 271 of the electrode 270 is aligned to overlap the second pixel electrode 190b. In this case, the storage electrode may be disposed below the boundary line of the first pixel electrode 190a.

In such a liquid crystal display, the liquid crystal molecules of the pixel are divided and oriented into a plurality of domains by the fringe field of the cutout 271. At this time, the pixel is divided into left and right by the cutout 271, and is divided into four types of domains in which the alignment directions of the liquid crystals are different from each other in the upper and lower directions, centered on the bent portion of the subpixel. In the drawing, the subpixels are arranged up and down with respect to one bent portion, and at least two or more bent portions may be arranged.

Although the color filter 230 is disposed on the opposing display panel 200 in the structure of the liquid crystal display device, the color filter 230 may be disposed on the thin film transistor array panel 100. In this case, the lower portion of the gate insulating layer 140 or the passivation layer 180 may be disposed. It may be formed in, and will be described in detail through another embodiment.

The liquid crystal display is formed by disposing elements such as a polarizer, a backlight, and a compensation plate on both sides of the basic panel. In this case, one polarizer is disposed on each side of the base panel, and the transmission axis thereof is disposed so that one of the two is parallel to the gate line 121 and the other is perpendicular to the gate line 121.

When the liquid crystal display device is formed as described above, when an electric field is applied to the liquid crystal, the liquid crystal in each domain is inclined in a direction perpendicular to the long side of the domain. However, since the direction is perpendicular to the data line 171, the liquid crystal is inclined by the lateral electric field formed between two adjacent pixel electrodes 191a and 191b with the data line 171 therebetween. As a match, the lateral electric field assists the liquid crystal alignment of each domain.

Since the liquid crystal display generally uses inversion driving methods such as point inversion driving, thermal inversion driving, and two-point inversion driving, which apply voltages having opposite polarities to pixel electrodes positioned on both sides of the data line 171, the lateral electric field is used. Almost always occurs and the direction becomes the direction which helps the liquid crystal alignment of the domain.

In addition, since the transmission axis of the polarizing plate is disposed in a direction perpendicular to or parallel to the gate line 121, the polarizing plate can be manufactured at low cost, and the alignment direction of the liquid crystal is 45 degrees with the transmission axis of the polarizing plate in all domains, thereby obtaining the highest luminance. Can be.

Also, in the liquid crystal display having the structure, the same image signal voltage is applied to the first and second pixel electrodes 190a and 190b through the first thin film transistor TFT1 to the image signal voltage transmitted through the data line 171. The voltage applied to the first pixel electrode 190a and the second pixel electrode 190b is changed by capacitive coupling through the coupling electrode 176. In this case, the voltage of the first pixel electrode 190a is lower than the image signal voltage transmitted through the data line 171, and the voltage of the second pixel electrode 190b is higher than the image signal voltage. As such, when two pixel electrodes having different voltages are disposed in one pixel area, the two pixel electrodes compensate for each other to reduce distortion of the gamma curve.

Further, in the same structure as in the embodiment of the present invention, the voltage difference between the first pixel electrode 190a and the second pixel electrode 190b does not occur severely in the range of 0.5-1.5V, thereby improving side visibility and reducing luminance. The display characteristics of the display device can be secured because no problem such as blurring of characters is exhibited.

In addition, as shown in FIG. 7, since the voltage of the second pixel electrode 190b disposed in the center of the pixel is higher than the voltage of the first pixel electrode 190a disposed around the pixel, the slit ( At the top of 191 a lateral field is formed. Therefore, the liquid crystal molecules arranged in the center of the domain oriented in part by the cutout 271 are rearranged by the lateral electric field, so that the response speed of the liquid crystal molecules is increased.

In this case, it is preferable that the ratio of the area of the first pixel electrode 190a and the area of the second pixel electrode 190b is in a range of 50: 50-80: 20 in the simulation according to the embodiment of the present invention. 70: 30-80: 20 is most preferable, and the width of the slit 191, which is an interval between the first pixel electrode 190a and the second pixel electrode 190b, is preferably in the range of 2-5 μm.

Meanwhile, the thin film transistor substrate for a liquid crystal display according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention may have a structure different from that of FIGS. 1 to 6, and may include red, green, and blue color filters. This feature may alternatively have, and the structure having two features will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.

8 is a layout view illustrating a structure of a thin film transistor array panel for a liquid crystal display according to a second exemplary embodiment of the present invention, and FIGS. 9 and 10 are cut along the lines IX-IX 'and XX' of FIG. 9. It is a cross section.

8 to 10, the layer structure of the thin film transistor array panel for a liquid crystal display device according to the present embodiment is generally the same as the layer structure of the thin film transistor array panel for liquid crystal display devices shown in FIGS. That is, the plurality of gate lines 121 including the plurality of gate electrodes 124a and 124c are formed on the substrate 110, and the gate insulating layer 140 and the plurality of protrusions 154a and 154c are formed thereon. A plurality of linear semiconductors 151, a plurality of linear ohmic contacts 161 each including a plurality of protrusions 163a, and a plurality of island-type ohmic contacts 163c, 165a, 165b, and 165c are formed in this order. On the ohmic contacts 161, 163c, 165a, 165b, and 165c and the gate insulating layer 140, a plurality of data lines 171 including a plurality of source electrodes 173a, and first and second drains of the first thin film transistor. The electrodes 175a and 175b, the source electrode 173c and the drain electrode 175c and the coupling electrode 176 of the second thin film transistor are formed, and the passivation layer 180 is formed thereon. The passivation layer 180 and / or the plurality of contact holes 182, 185a, 185b, and 183c are formed, and the plurality of first and second pixel electrodes 190a and 190b and the plurality of contact assistant members are disposed on the passivation layer 180. 82 is formed.

However, unlike the thin film transistor array panel illustrated in FIGS. 1 to 5, in the thin film transistor array panel according to the present exemplary embodiment, the semiconductor 151 may include the data line 171 and the first line except for the protrusions 154a and 154b in which the thin film transistor is located. Substantially the same as the first and second drain electrodes 175c and 175b, the source electrode 173c and the drain electrode 175c of the second thin film transistor, and the ohmic contacts 161, 163c, 165a, 165b, and 165c thereunder. It has a flat shape.

In addition, one end portion 129 of the gate line 121 having the gate electrodes 124a and 124b has a contact portion for connection with an external circuit, and a passivation layer 180 and a gate insulating layer (or gate) on the passivation layer 180. The gate contact member 129 connected to the end of the gate line 121 is formed through the contact hole 181 formed in the 140.

In addition, red, green, and blue color filters 230 are sequentially formed in the pixel under the passivation layer 180 made of an organic insulating material having planarization characteristics. The red, green, and blue color filters 230 each have a boundary above the data line 171 and are vertically formed along a pixel column, and neighboring color filters partially overlap each other on the data line 171. The hill can be formed on the data line 171. In this case, the red, green, and blue color filters 230 overlapping each other may have a function of a black matrix that blocks light leaking between neighboring pixel areas. Accordingly, the black matrix may be omitted in the opposing display panel for the liquid crystal display according to the present exemplary embodiment so that only the common electrode 270 may be formed.

The thin film transistor array panel for the present liquid crystal display device forms the data line 171, the drain electrodes 175a, 175b, and 175c and the semiconductor layer 151 by a photolithography process using a single photoresist pattern, and the photoresist pattern is a thin film. The portion corresponding to the channel portion of the transistor has a lower thickness than the portion corresponding to other data lines and drain electrodes. In this case, the photoresist pattern is an etch mask for patterning the semiconductor 151, and the thick portion is used as an etch mask for patterning the data line and the drain electrode. In this manufacturing method, two different thin films may be formed in one photosensitive film pattern to minimize manufacturing costs.

Although the preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail above, the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and various modifications and improvements of those skilled in the art using the basic concepts of the present invention defined in the following claims are also provided. It belongs to the scope of rights. In particular, the arrangement of the cutouts formed in the pixel electrode and the common electrode may be variously modified.

As described above, the data line passing through the pixels may be disposed in parallel with the domain restricting means, thereby minimizing the generation of textures and increasing the aperture ratio of the pixels. In addition, the side visibility of the liquid crystal display device may be secured by disposing a pixel electrode to which two or more different voltages are applied to one pixel, and the response of the liquid crystal molecules may be arranged by superposing a domain regulating means and a pixel electrode to which a high voltage is transmitted. Can improve speed.

1 is a layout view of a thin film transistor array panel for a liquid crystal display according to a first exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

2 is a layout view of an opposing display panel for a liquid crystal display according to a first exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

3 is a layout view of a liquid crystal display according to a first exemplary embodiment of the present invention including the thin film transistor array panel and the opposing display panel of FIGS. 1 and 2;

4, 5, and 6 are cross-sectional views of the liquid crystal display of FIG. 3 taken along lines IV-IV ', V-V', and VI-VI ', respectively.

7 is a circuit diagram illustrating a structure of a thin film transistor array panel for a liquid crystal display according to a first exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

8 is a layout view illustrating a structure of a thin film transistor array panel for a liquid crystal display according to a second exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

9 and 10 are cross-sectional views taken along the lines IX-IX 'and X-X' of FIG. 8.

121 gate line, 124a, 124c gate electrode

176 coupling electrodes, 171 data lines

173a, 173c source electrode, 175a, 175b, 175c drain electrode

190a, 190b pixel electrode, 191 slit

151, 154a, 154c amorphous silicon layer, 270 common electrode

271 incisions

Claims (23)

  1. Insulation board,
    A first signal line formed on the insulating substrate,
    A second signal line insulated from and intersecting the first signal line,
    First and second electrodes formed in respective pixel regions defined by the crossing of the first signal line and the second signal line;
    A third electrode formed in each of the pixels and overlapping the second electrode;
    A first thin film transistor having first and second terminals connected to the first signal line and the second signal line, and having a third terminal connected to the first and second electrodes in common;
    First and second terminals are respectively connected to the neighboring first signal line and the first electrode, and the third terminal includes a second thin film transistor connected to the third electrode,
    The second signal line includes a curved portion, and the pixel area has a curved shape.
  2. In claim 1,
    The first and second electrodes are divided first and second pixel electrodes.
    The third electrode is a thin film transistor array panel connected to the third terminal of the second thin film transistor.
  3. In claim 2,
    And the coupling electrode extends from the drain electrode of the second thin film transistor.
  4. In claim 2,
    The first pixel electrode and the second pixel electrode have a curved shape along the shape of the pixel area.
  5. In claim 2,
    The first pixel electrode is positioned around the second pixel electrode.
  6. In claim 2,
    A gate insulating film formed between the first signal line and the second signal line and a protective film formed between the second signal line and the first and second pixel electrodes;
    The second terminal of the second thin film transistor is connected to the first pixel electrode through a contact hole formed in the passivation layer.
  7. In claim 6,
    An edge of the first or second pixel electrode overlaps the second signal line with the passivation layer interposed therebetween.
  8. In claim 2,
    The area of the first pixel electrode and the area of the second pixel electrode are in a range of 50: 50-80: 20.
  9. First signal line,
    A second signal line insulated from and intersecting the first signal line and having a bent portion repeatedly;
    First and second pixel electrodes formed in each pixel area defined by the first signal line and the second signal line crossing each other and separated from each other through slits;
    A common electrode facing the first and second pixel electrodes
    Including;
    The pixel area has a curved shape along the shape of the second signal line, and the first and second pixel voltages of the first and second pixel electrodes are transmitted through the second signal line with respect to the common voltage of the common electrode. Liquid crystal display different from image signal voltage.
  10. In claim 9,
    The absolute value of the first pixel voltage is less than the absolute value of the second pixel voltage.
  11. In claim 9,
    And the common electrode has a domain regulating means as a cutout, and the slit is disposed in parallel with the domain regulating means.
  12. In claim 11,
    And the first pixel electrode is disposed around the second pixel electrode, and the second pixel electrode overlaps with the domain restricting means.
  13. In claim 9,
    The area of the first pixel electrode and the area of the second pixel electrode are in a range of 50: 50-80: 20.
  14. In claim 9,
    And a first thin film transistor configured to control the image signal voltage which is commonly transmitted to the first and second pixel electrodes.
  15. In claim 9,
    And a second thin film transistor connected between the first pixel electrode and the second pixel electrode with a coupling capacitance.
  16. The method of claim 15,
    And a coupling electrode connected to the first pixel electrode through the second thin film transistor and overlapping the second pixel electrode in an insulated state.
  17. The method of claim 16,
    And the coupling electrode extends from the drain electrode of the second thin film transistor.
  18. First insulating substrate,
    A gate line formed on the first insulating substrate and including first and second gate electrodes;
    A gate insulating film formed on the gate line,
    An amorphous silicon layer formed on the gate insulating film,
    An ohmic contact layer formed on the amorphous silicon layer,
    A data line formed on the gate insulating layer and including at least a portion of a first source electrode formed on the ohmic contact layer;
    First and second drain electrodes at least partially formed on the ohmic contact layer and facing the first source electrode with respect to the first gate electrode,
    A second source electrode and a third drain electrode formed on the gate insulating layer and facing each other with respect to the second gate electrode;
    A coupling electrode formed on the gate insulating film,
    A passivation layer formed on the data line, the second source electrode, the first to third drain electrodes, and the coupling electrode;
    A first pixel electrode formed on the passivation layer and connected to the first drain electrode and the second source electrode;
    A second pixel electrode separated from the first pixel electrode through a slit, connected to the second drain electrode, and overlapping at least a portion of the coupling electrode;
    A second insulating substrate facing the first insulating substrate,
    A common electrode formed on the second insulating substrate,
    First domain dividing means formed on at least one of the first substrate and the second substrate,
    Second domain dividing means formed on at least one of the first substrate and the second substrate and dividing the pixel region into a plurality of small domains together with the first domain dividing means;
    And the slits are disposed in parallel with the first and second domain dividing means.
  19. The method of claim 18,
    And the coupling electrode extends from the third drain electrode.
  20. The method of claim 18,
    The first domain dividing means is a cutout portion of at least one of the first pixel electrode and the second pixel electrode.
    And the second domain dividing means is a cutout of the common electrode.
  21. The method of claim 20,
    The first pixel electrode is disposed around the second pixel electrode, and the cutout overlaps the second pixel electrode.
  22. The method of claim 18,
    The area of the first pixel electrode and the area of the second pixel electrode are in a range of 50: 50-80: 20.
  23. The method of claim 18,
    And the data line has a curved portion, and the first and second pixel electrodes are formed in a curved shape along the shape of a pixel region defined by the gate line and the data line.
KR1020030056067A 2003-08-13 2003-08-13 Liquid crystal display having multi domain and panel for the same KR100980018B1 (en)

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KR1020030056067A KR100980018B1 (en) 2003-08-13 2003-08-13 Liquid crystal display having multi domain and panel for the same
US10/916,518 US7206048B2 (en) 2003-08-13 2004-08-12 Liquid crystal display and panel therefor
CNB2004100901822A CN100432805C (en) 2003-08-13 2004-08-13 Liquid crystal display and panel therefor
TW093124396A TWI373673B (en) 2003-08-13 2004-08-13 Liquid crystal display and panel therefor
TW100115259A TWI428678B (en) 2003-08-13 2004-08-13 Liquid crystal display and panel therefor
TW103101505A TWI497179B (en) 2003-08-13 2004-08-13 Liquid crystal display and panel therefor
JP2004235779A JP5057500B2 (en) 2003-08-13 2004-08-13 Multi-domain liquid crystal display device and display panel used therefor
US11/682,995 US7773169B2 (en) 2003-08-13 2007-03-07 Liquid crystal display and panel therefor
US12/749,761 US7944515B2 (en) 2003-08-13 2010-03-30 Liquid crystal display and panel therefor
US13/073,505 US8508683B2 (en) 2003-08-13 2011-03-28 Liquid crystal display and panel therefor
JP2011179306A JP5345188B2 (en) 2003-08-13 2011-08-19 Flat panel display
US13/964,910 US9568797B2 (en) 2003-08-13 2013-08-12 Liquid crystal display and panel therefor
US15/431,220 US10254595B2 (en) 2003-08-13 2017-02-13 Liquid crystal display and panel therefor
US16/352,996 US20190212617A1 (en) 2003-08-13 2019-03-14 Liquid crystal display and panel therefor

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Cited By (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20140021105A (en) * 2012-08-07 2014-02-20 삼성디스플레이 주식회사 Liquid crystal display
KR101414043B1 (en) * 2007-12-04 2014-07-21 삼성디스플레이 주식회사 Thin film transistor substrate
KR101427582B1 (en) * 2007-12-12 2014-08-08 삼성디스플레이 주식회사 Panel and liquid crystal display including the same
US9075277B2 (en) 2008-03-05 2015-07-07 Samsung Display Co., Ltd. Liquid crystal display having a wide viewing characteristic and capable of fast driving

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3658849B2 (en) * 1996-03-29 2005-06-08 セイコーエプソン株式会社 Liquid crystal display element and manufacturing method thereof
KR100730495B1 (en) * 2000-12-15 2007-06-20 엘지.필립스 엘시디 주식회사 IPS mode Liquid crystal display device and method for fabricating the same

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KR101414043B1 (en) * 2007-12-04 2014-07-21 삼성디스플레이 주식회사 Thin film transistor substrate
KR101427582B1 (en) * 2007-12-12 2014-08-08 삼성디스플레이 주식회사 Panel and liquid crystal display including the same
US9075277B2 (en) 2008-03-05 2015-07-07 Samsung Display Co., Ltd. Liquid crystal display having a wide viewing characteristic and capable of fast driving
KR20140021105A (en) * 2012-08-07 2014-02-20 삼성디스플레이 주식회사 Liquid crystal display
US10520777B2 (en) 2012-08-07 2019-12-31 Samsung Display Co., Ltd. Liquid crystal display comprising a first sub pixel electrode and a second sub pixel electrode each having a transverse stem, a longitudinal stem, and a plurality of minute branches

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