KR20050004356A - Mortar for construction - Google Patents

Mortar for construction Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20050004356A
KR20050004356A KR1020030044512A KR20030044512A KR20050004356A KR 20050004356 A KR20050004356 A KR 20050004356A KR 1020030044512 A KR1020030044512 A KR 1020030044512A KR 20030044512 A KR20030044512 A KR 20030044512A KR 20050004356 A KR20050004356 A KR 20050004356A
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
mortar
cement
activated carbon
fine powder
charcoal
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KR1020030044512A
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Korean (ko)
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KR100545530B1 (en
Inventor
김종순
권재원
최한순
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김종순
권재원
최한순
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Priority to KR1020030044512A priority Critical patent/KR100545530B1/en
Publication of KR20050004356A publication Critical patent/KR20050004356A/en
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Publication of KR100545530B1 publication Critical patent/KR100545530B1/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B14/00Use of inorganic materials as fillers, e.g. pigments, for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of inorganic materials specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B14/02Granular materials, e.g. microballoons
    • C04B14/022Carbon
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B14/00Use of inorganic materials as fillers, e.g. pigments, for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of inorganic materials specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B14/02Granular materials, e.g. microballoons
    • C04B14/04Silica-rich materials; Silicates
    • C04B14/06Quartz; Sand
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2103/00Function or property of ingredients for mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B2103/0068Ingredients with a function or property not provided for elsewhere in C04B2103/00
    • C04B2103/0097Anion- and far-infrared-emitting materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00025Aspects relating to the protection of the health, e.g. materials containing special additives to afford skin protection

Abstract

PURPOSE: Provided is a plastering mortar which removes cement poison, emits anions and blocks electromagnetic wave by adding activated carbon and charcoal powder to conventional cement mortar. CONSTITUTION: The plastering mortar giving beneficial effects on human body comprises 1wt.% of activated carbon powder obtained from carbonizing coconut shells, 15wt.% of charcoal powder, 24wt.% of cement and 60wt.% of dry sand. The charcoal powder replaces activated carbon so that it can reduce the production cost of mortar. The resultant mortar is mixed with water in use and applied to walls and floors of construction.

Description

건축용 모르타르{Mortar for construction}Mortar for construction
본 발명은 건축용 모르타르(mortar)에 관한 것으로서, 더욱 상세하게는 활성탄 미세 분말과 목탄 미세 분말을 시멘트와 건조된 모래에 섞어 모르타르를 제조함으로써, 항균성과 악취 제거성이 우수하여 건물의 미장된 벽면에서 악취 또는 곰팡이 등의 세균 증식을 억제시킬 수 있으며, 원적외선과 음이온을 발생시켜 신진대사를 활성화시켜주고 공기정화 및 전자파 흡수 등의 다양한 효과를 낼 수 있는 건축용 모르타르에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a building mortar, and more particularly, by preparing a mortar by mixing activated carbon fine powder and charcoal fine powder with cement and dried sand, and having excellent antibacterial and odor removal properties on a plastered wall of a building. The present invention relates to a building mortar capable of suppressing bacterial growth such as odor or mold, activating metabolism by generating far infrared rays and anions, and producing various effects such as air purification and electromagnetic wave absorption.
일반적으로 모르타르는 건물의 벽, 바닥의 마감공사에 사용된다. 모르타르를 반죽하여 벽이나 바닥에 바른 뒤 벽지 또는 타일을 부착시켜 마감처리 하였다.Mortar is generally used for finishing walls and floors of buildings. The mortar was kneaded and applied to the wall or floor and then finished by attaching wallpaper or tiles.
그러나 종래의 모르타르는 시멘트와 건조된 모래로 구성된 것이므로 시멘트가 양생되는 과정에서 독성이 발산되어 인체에 해를 주었다. 그리고 시멘트는 양생된 후에도 오랜 기간 동안 독성을 발산하므로 신축 건물에 사는 사람들이 두통을 호소하는 등의 단점이 있었다.However, since the conventional mortar is composed of cement and dried sand, toxicity is released during the process of curing the cement, which is harmful to the human body. And since cement is toxic for a long time even after curing, people living in new buildings have headaches.
본 발명은 종래의 문제점을 감안하여 개발한 것으로서, 본 발명의 목적은 시멘트 모르타르에 야자 껍질을 탄화시킨 활성탄 미세 분말과 목탄 미세 분말을 혼합하여 건물의 미장공사용으로 사용함으로써, 시멘트 독성을 해소하고 인체에 유익한 원적외선과 음이온을 방출시켜 신진대사를 활성화시키며, 악취 및 곰팡이 등의 세균 증식을 억제시키는 다기능의 건축용 모르타르를 제공함에 있다.The present invention was developed in view of the conventional problems, and an object of the present invention is to mix the fine powder of activated carbon and charcoal fine powder carbonized palm shell in cement mortar and use it as a plastering work in buildings, thereby relieving cement toxicity and human body. The present invention provides a multifunctional building mortar that releases far infrared rays and negative ions that are beneficial to activating metabolism and inhibits bacterial growth such as odor and mold.
상기 목적을 달성하기 위하여 본 발명은 시멘트와 건조된 모래로 구성된 건축용 모르타르에 있어서, 원적외선과 음이온을 방출시키고 시멘트의 독성을 흡착 제거하는 활성탄 미세 분말과, 음이온을 방출시키고 전자파를 차단시키며 시멘트의 독성을 흡착 제거하는 목탄 미세 분말을 시멘트와 건조된 모래에 섞어 모르타르로 구성한 특징이 있다.In order to achieve the above object, the present invention is a construction mortar composed of cement and dried sand, activated carbon fine powder that emits far infrared rays and anions and adsorbs and removes the toxicity of cement, and releases anions and blocks electromagnetic waves, and the toxicity of cement. Charcoal fine powder adsorbed and removed is characterized by consisting of mortar mixed with cement and dried sand.
이하 본 발명의 바람직한 실시예를 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다.Hereinafter, the preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail.
본 발명의 모르타르는 야자 껍질을 탄화시킨 활성탄을 미세 분말로 만든 활성탄 미세 분말, 목탄 미세 분말, 시멘트 및 건조된 모래로 구성된다.The mortar of the present invention is composed of activated carbon fine powder, charcoal fine powder, cement and dried sand in which activated carbon carbonized palm shell is made into fine powder.
미세 분말로 만들어진 활성탄(Activated Carbon)은 탄소물질 또는 탄소를 함유한 이탄(Peat), 목재, 갈탄(Ligniet), 역청탄(Bibuminous coal), 야자(Coconut) 등의 물질을 활성화시킨 것으로써 내부 표면적이 크고 흡착력이 매우 강한 무정형 탄소의 집합체이다.Activated carbon, made of fine powder, activates carbon materials or carbon-containing peat, wood, litignite, bituminous coal, coconut, etc. It is a large collection of amorphous carbon with very strong adsorption.
활성탄의 탄소원자는 주위의 기체 혹은 액체 물질의 분자에 물리 화학적 친화력을 갖고 있다. 활성탄은 이러한 작용을 기초하여 혼합물질 제거에 사용된다. 활성탄은 정수, 정제, 탈색, 탈취, 용제회수를 비롯하여 많은 공정에 널리 사용된다.The carbon atom of activated carbon has a physicochemical affinity for molecules of surrounding gas or liquid substance. Activated carbon is used to remove the mixture based on this action. Activated carbon is widely used in many processes, including water purification, purification, bleaching, deodorization and solvent recovery.
이러한 활성탄 미세 분말은 미세 구멍(pore)이 잘 발달되어 있으며 광범위한 표면적을 가지고 있다. 그리고 고온에서 수증기 부활을 하기 때문에 흡착력이 좋고, 활성탄의 탄소원자는 주위의 기체 혹은 액체 물질의 분자에 물리 화학적 친화력을 갖는다. 또한 용도와 성분에 따라 미세 구멍의 구조를 적합하게 생산하므로 흡착력이 크고 파쇄와 선별작업으로 입도를 다양하게 생산할 수 있다.These activated carbon fine powders have well developed pores and have a wide surface area. In addition, the adsorption power is good because the steam is reactivated at a high temperature, and the carbon atoms of the activated carbon have a physicochemical affinity for molecules of the surrounding gas or liquid substance. In addition, the micropore structure is appropriately produced according to the use and the components, so the adsorption power is large and the particle size can be produced by the crushing and sorting operations.
활성탄 미세 분말은 다공성이므로 흡착성이 우수하고 상,하수의 정화 및 유해가스를 흡착 제거해준다. 그리고 원적외선과 음이온이 방출되므로 신진대사를 촉진시키며 전자파를 차단시키는 기능도 있다. 그러나 값이 비싸므로 많을 량을 투입하면 생산원가가 높아지는 단점이 있다.Activated carbon fine powder is porous, so it has excellent adsorption property, and it cleanses water and sewage and removes harmful gases. And because it emits far infrared rays and negative ions, it promotes metabolism and also blocks electromagnetic waves. However, it is expensive, so if you put a large amount, there is a disadvantage that the production cost increases.
이를 보완하기 위하여 본 발명은 값이 저렴한 목탄을 미세 분말화 하여 첨가하였다. 목탄 미세 분말은 활성탄 미세 분말과 동일한 기능을 갖는 반면에, 독성을 흡착하는 기공이 작은 단점이 있다. 그러나 목탄 미세 분말을 다량 투입하므로 독성의 흡착성을 어느 정도 보완할 수 있다.In order to compensate for this, the present invention was added to the fine powder of charcoal inexpensive. Charcoal fine powder has the same function as activated carbon fine powder, while the pores that adsorb toxic have a small disadvantage. However, since a large amount of charcoal fine powder is added, the adsorption of toxic can be compensated to some extent.
본 발명 모르타르의 혼합량은 야자 껍질을 탄화시킨 활성탄 미세 분말 1중량%, 목탄 미세 분말 15중량%, 시멘트 24중량% 및 건조된 모래 60 중량%로 구성된다.The mixing amount of the mortar of the present invention is composed of 1% by weight of activated carbon fine powder carbonized palm shell, 15% by weight charcoal powder, 24% by weight cement and 60% by weight of dried sand.
이들 활성탄 미세 분말, 목탄 미세 분말, 시멘트 및 건조된 모래는 잘 혼합된 뒤 일정 단위로 포장된다. 모르타르는 건축 현장에서 물로 반죽한 뒤 이를 건물 벽이나 바닥에 바르면 된다.These activated carbon fine powders, charcoal fine powders, cement and dried sand are well mixed and then packed in units. Mortar can be kneaded with water at the construction site and applied to the walls or floors of the building.
모르타르가 양생되면 활성탄 미세 분말과 목탄 미세 분말이 첨가되어 있으므로 이들로부터 원적외선과 음이온이 방출되어 신진대사를 촉진시켜 피로를 덜어준다.When the mortar is cured, activated carbon fine powder and charcoal fine powder are added, so far infrared rays and anions are released from them to promote metabolism, thereby reducing fatigue.
그리고 시멘트의 독성을 흡착 제거하므로 머리가 아프고 어지러운 현상이 없으며, 곰팡이 등의 유해균 증식을 억제시키는 등의 효과가 있다.In addition, the adsorption and removal of the toxicity of the cement, the head hurts, no dizziness, and inhibits the growth of harmful bacteria such as fungi.
이상에서와 같이 본 발명에 따르면 모르타르에 포함된 활성탄 미세 분말과 목탄 미세 분말에서 원적외선과 음이온이 방출되고 전자파를 차단시키므로 신진대사를 활성화시켜주는 효과가 있다.As described above, according to the present invention, far-infrared rays and anions are emitted from the activated carbon fine powder and the fine charcoal powder included in the mortar, thereby blocking the electromagnetic waves, thereby activating metabolism.
그리고 활성탄 미세 분말과 목탄 미세 분말은 시멘트의 독성을 흡착 제거하고 곰팡이 등의 유해균 증식을 억제시키므로 실내 공기를 깨끗하게 정화시키는 기능을 가지며, 가격이 저렴한 목탄 미세 분말이 다량으로 첨가되므로 모르타르의 생산단가를 낮출 수 있는 등의 효과가 있다.And activated carbon fine powder and charcoal fine powder have the function of adsorbing and removing the toxicity of cement and inhibiting the growth of harmful bacteria such as mold, so as to clean the indoor air cleanly, and because the inexpensive charcoal fine powder is added in large quantities, the production cost of mortar It can lower the effect.

Claims (2)

  1. 시멘트와 건조된 모래로 구성된 건축용 모르타르에 있어서,In construction mortar consisting of cement and dried sand,
    원적외선과 음이온을 방출시키고 시멘트의 독성을 흡착 제거하는 활성탄 미세 분말과,Activated carbon fine powder that emits far infrared rays and anions and adsorbs and removes the toxicity of cement,
    음이온을 방출시키고 전자파를 차단시키며 시멘트의 독성을 흡착 제거하는 목탄 미세 분말을 시멘트와 건조된 모래에 섞어 모르타르로 구성한 것을 특징으로 하는 건축용 모르타르.A construction mortar comprising charcoal fine powder mixed with cement and dried sand to release anions, block electromagnetic waves, and adsorb and remove the toxicity of cement.
  2. 제 1 항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    모르타르의 혼합량은The amount of mortar mixed
    활성탄 미세 분말 1중량%, 목탄 미세 분말 15중량%, 시멘트 24중량% 및 건조된 모래 60중량%로 구성되고,Consisting of 1% by weight activated carbon fine powder, 15% by weight charcoal powder, 24% by weight cement and 60% by weight of dried sand,
    활성탄 미세 분말은 야자 껍질을 탄화시킨 것임을 특징으로 하는 건축용 모르타르.Activated carbon fine powder is a construction mortar, characterized in that the carbonized shell.
KR1020030044512A 2003-07-02 2003-07-02 Mortar for construction KR100545530B1 (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100800031B1 (en) * 2005-11-30 2008-01-31 (주)원건축사사무소 Eco-plaster mortar including carbon type adsorbent and manufacturing method thereof
ITTO20130102A1 (en) * 2013-02-07 2013-05-09 Torino Politecnico Composite construction material.
WO2018203829A1 (en) * 2017-05-02 2018-11-08 National University Of Singapore Sustainable construction material and method of preparation and use thereof

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101050059B1 (en) 2009-01-19 2011-07-19 아주산업 주식회사 Concrete composition with air purification

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100800031B1 (en) * 2005-11-30 2008-01-31 (주)원건축사사무소 Eco-plaster mortar including carbon type adsorbent and manufacturing method thereof
ITTO20130102A1 (en) * 2013-02-07 2013-05-09 Torino Politecnico Composite construction material.
WO2018203829A1 (en) * 2017-05-02 2018-11-08 National University Of Singapore Sustainable construction material and method of preparation and use thereof

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