KR200435845Y1 - Closing Solar Heater - Google Patents

Closing Solar Heater Download PDF

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Publication number
KR200435845Y1
KR200435845Y1 KR2020060025552U KR20060025552U KR200435845Y1 KR 200435845 Y1 KR200435845 Y1 KR 200435845Y1 KR 2020060025552 U KR2020060025552 U KR 2020060025552U KR 20060025552 U KR20060025552 U KR 20060025552U KR 200435845 Y1 KR200435845 Y1 KR 200435845Y1
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
heat
heating
hot water
storage tank
heat medium
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KR2020060025552U
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Korean (ko)
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고수남
조성구
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(주)쏠라맥스
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D3/00Hot-water central heating systems
    • F24D3/005Hot-water central heating systems combined with solar energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D3/00Hot-water central heating systems
    • F24D3/08Hot-water central heating systems in combination with systems for domestic hot-water supply
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D2200/00Heat sources or energy sources
    • F24D2200/11Geothermal energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

본 고안은 완전밀폐식 태양열급탕난방기에 관한 것으로서, 태양열을 이용하여 급탕 및 난방을 하는 태양열 급탕난방기에 있어서, 태양열을 집열하여 열매체를 가열하는 태양열집열기와; 상기 태양열집열기에 완전밀폐된 열매체공급관으로 연결되는 난방축열조와; 상기 난방축열조와 직렬 연결되고 태양열집열기와 완전밀폐된 열매체회수관으로 연결되는 급탕축열조와; 상기 열매체회수관상에 설치되어 열매체를 순환시키는 열매체순환펌프와; 상기 열매체순환펌프와 급탕축열조 사이의 열매체회수관에 연결되어 열매체의 압력상승을 수용하는 밀폐식팽창탱크와; 상기 난방축열조와 급탕축열조에 연결되어 난방수와 온수를 가열하여 공급하는 보조보일러와; 상기 보조보일러에서 공급되어 난방을 마친 난방수를 난방수환수관으로 순환시키는 난방수순환펌프와; 상기 난방수환수관에 설치되어 난방환수를 축열조 또는 보조보일러로 유입시키는 전동삼방변;을 포함하여 구성된 것을 특징으로 한다.The present invention relates to a fully enclosed solar hot water heater, comprising: a solar heat collector for heating and heating a solar hot water heater using solar heat; A heating heat storage tank connected to the heat medium supply pipe completely sealed to the solar heat collector; A hot water storage tank connected in series with the heating heat storage tank and connected to a solar heat collector and a heat-sealed heat recovery tube; A heat medium circulation pump installed on the heat medium recovery pipe to circulate the heat medium; A hermetic expansion tank connected to the heat medium recovery pipe between the heat medium circulation pump and the hot water storage tank to accommodate the pressure rise of the heat medium; An auxiliary boiler connected to the heating heat storage tank and the hot water storage heat storage tank to heat and supply heating water and hot water; A heating water circulation pump for circulating the heating water supplied from the auxiliary boiler to the heating water receiving pipe; It is installed in the heating water return pipe; electric triangular inlet to introduce the heating return to the heat storage tank or auxiliary boiler; characterized in that configured to include.

태양열, 집열기, 급탕, 온수, 난방, 축열조, 보일러 Solar heat, collector, hot water, hot water, heating, heat storage tank, boiler

Description

완전밀폐식 태양열급탕난방기{Closing Solar Heater}Closing Solar Heater

도 1은 종래의 개방식 태양열급탕난방기를 도시한 구성도이다.1 is a block diagram showing a conventional open-type solar hot water heater.

도 2는 종래의 다른 예에 따른 개방식 태양열급탕난방기를 도시한 구성도이다.Figure 2 is a block diagram showing an open-type solar hot water heater according to another conventional example.

도 3은 본 고안에 따른 완전밀폐식 태양열급탕난방기를 도시한 구성도이다.Figure 3 is a block diagram showing a completely sealed solar hot water heater according to the present invention.

도 4는 본 고안에 따른 태양열급탕난방기의 정면 투시도이다.Figure 4 is a front perspective view of the solar hot water heater according to the present invention.

도 5는 본 고안에 따른 태양열급탕난방기의 평면 배치도이다.5 is a plan view of the solar hot water heater according to the present invention.

도 6은 본 고안에 따른 난방축열조의 이중쟈켓구조를 보인 도면이다.6 is a view showing a double jacket structure of the heating heat storage tank according to the present invention.

도 7은 본 고안에 따른 태양열급탕난방기의 제어계통도이다.7 is a control system diagram of a solar hot water heater according to the present invention.

<도면의 주요부분에 대한 부호의 설명><Description of the symbols for the main parts of the drawings>

10 : 태양열집열기 11 : 열매체공급관10: solar collector 11: heat medium supply pipe

12 : 안전변 13 : 축열조12: safety valve 13: heat storage tank

14 : 온수용열교환기 15 : 내장형열교환기14: heat exchanger for hot water 15: built-in heat exchanger

16 : 개방식팽창탱크 17 : 열매체순환펌프16: open expansion tank 17: heat medium circulation pump

18 : 열매체회수관 20 : 보조보일러18: heat recovery pipe 20: auxiliary boiler

21 : 제 1 온수공급관 22 : 제 2 온수공급관21: the first hot water supply pipe 22: the second hot water supply pipe

30 : 난방수순환펌프 31 : 제 1 난방수공급관30: heating water circulation pump 31: the first heating water supply pipe

32 : 제 2 난방수공급관 33 : 난방수환수관32: second heating water supply pipe 33: heating water return pipe

40 : 볼탭 41 : 직수인입관40: ball tap 41: direct entry pipe

50 : 태양열집열기 51 : 열매체공급관50: solar collector 51: heat medium supply pipe

52 : 안전변 53 : 분리형열교환기52: safety valve 53: separate heat exchanger

54 : 개방식팽창탱크 55 : 열매체순환펌프54: open expansion tank 55: heat medium circulation pump

56 : 열매체회수관 57 : 축열조56: heat recovery pipe 57: heat storage tank

58 : 온수용열교환기 59 : 온수순환펌프58: hot water heat exchanger 59: hot water circulation pump

60 : 보조보일러 61 : 제 1 온수공급관60: auxiliary boiler 61: the first hot water supply pipe

62 : 제 2 온수공급관 70 : 난방수순환펌프62: second hot water supply pipe 70: heating water circulation pump

71 : 제 1 난방수공급관 72 : 제 2 난방수공급관71: first heating water supply pipe 72: second heating water supply pipe

73 : 난방수환수관 80 : 볼탭73: heating return pipe 80: ball tap

81 : 직수인입관81: direct entry pipe

100 : 태양열집열기 101 : 열매체공급관100: solar collector 101: heat medium supply pipe

102 : 열매체회수관 110 : 방열장치102: heat medium recovery pipe 110: heat radiation device

111 : 바이패스관 112 : 순환펌프111: bypass pipe 112: circulation pump

113 : 방열기 120 : 난방축열조113: radiator 120: heating heat storage tank

121 : 제 1 난방수공급관 130 : 연결관121: first heating water supply pipe 130: connector

140 : 급탕축열조 141 : 열매체순환펌프140: hot water storage tank 141: heat medium circulation pump

142 : 밀폐식팽창탱크 143 : 제 1 온수공급관142: hermetic expansion tank 143: first hot water supply pipe

150 : 보조보일러 151 : 제 2 온수공급관150: auxiliary boiler 151: second hot water supply pipe

152 : 제 2 난방수공급관 153 : 난방수환수관152: second heating water supply pipe 153: heating water return pipe

154 : 난방수순환펌프 155 : 전동삼방변(밸브)154: heating water circulation pump 155: electric three-way valve (valve)

160 : 볼탭 161 : 직수인입관160: ball tap 161: direct entry pipe

본 고안은 완전밀폐식 태양열급탕난방기에 관한 것으로서, 보다 상세하게는 동절기의 동결방지를 위하여 별도의 집열매체를 사용하는 열교환기형 완전밀폐식 태양열급탕난방기에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a fully enclosed solar hot water heater, and more particularly to a heat exchanger-type fully enclosed solar hot water heater using a separate heat collecting medium for preventing freezing in winter.

일반적으로, 태양열시스템의 태양열은 한정된 부존량의 화석연료를 대체하는 청정에너지로서 여러 가지 대체에너지 중에서도 가장 에너지 취득이 용이하고 효율이 높은 에너지원으로서 각광받고 있는 에너지원이다.In general, solar heat of the solar system is a clean energy that replaces a limited amount of fossil fuel, and is an energy source that is in the spotlight as the most easily obtainable energy source of high efficiency among various alternative energy.

이러한 태양열급탕난방기는 태양열을 집열하여 급탕축열조 및 난방축열조를 가열하는 집열매체 배관계통과, 태양열로 가열된 난방수 및 급탕수를 온수 및 난방에 사용하는 온수순환계통으로 구성된다.The solar hot water heater consists of a heat collecting medium piping system that collects solar heat and heats the hot water storage tank and the heating heat storage tank, and a hot water circulation system that uses solar-heated heating water and hot water for hot water and heating.

상기 집열매체 배관계통은 계통의 개방여부에 따라 밀폐형과 개방형으로 나 뉘고, 열교환방식에 따라 이중쟈켓방식과 탱크 내장형 열교환방식 및 분리형 열교환방식으로 나뉘며, 집열매체 순환회로의 수에 따라 Single path 와 Dual path 로 나뉘어 구분된다.The collecting medium piping system is divided into a closed type and an open type according to whether the system is open, divided into a double jacket method, a tank built-in heat exchange method, and a separate heat exchange method according to the heat exchange method. It is divided into paths.

또한, 온수(급탕)순환계통은 태양열 난방축열조의 난방수 순환경로에 따라 직렬 예열방식과 병렬 예열방식으로 구분된다.In addition, the hot water (hot water) circulation system is classified into a series preheating method and a parallel preheating method according to the heating water circulation path of the solar heating heat storage tank.

이러한 종래의 태양열급탕난방기를 첨부도면 도 1을 참조하여 설명하면, 옥외에 설치되는 태양열집열기(10)와, 상기 태양열집열기(10)와 집열매체 배관계통으로 연결되는 축열조(13)와, 상기 축열조(13)에 연결되는 개방식팽창탱크(16)와, 집열매체 배관계통내를 유동하는 열매체를 순환시키는 열매체순환펌프(17)로 구성된다.Referring to the accompanying drawings of the conventional solar hot water heater, the solar heat collector 10 is installed outdoors, the heat storage tank 13 is connected to the heat collector 10 and the heat collecting medium piping system, and the heat storage tank An open expansion tank 16 connected to 13 and a heat medium circulation pump 17 for circulating the heat medium flowing in the heat collecting medium piping system.

그리고, 상기 축열조(13)는 그 상,하부에 동코일 열교환기인 온수용열교환기(14)와 내장형열교환기(15)가 각각 구성되고, 상기 태양열집열기(10)는 축열조(13)의 내장형열교환기(15)와 연결된다.The heat storage tank 13 includes upper and lower heat exchangers 14 and a built-in heat exchanger 15 which are copper coil heat exchangers, respectively, and the solar heat collector 10 has a built-in heat exchange of the heat storage tank 13. It is connected with the group 15.

한편, 상기 집열매체 배관계통은 전술한 태양열집열기(10), 축열조(13), 개방식팽창탱크(16), 열매체순환펌프(17)를 연결하는 배관이다.On the other hand, the heat collecting medium piping system is a pipe connecting the above-described solar collector 10, heat storage tank 13, open expansion tank 16, the heat medium circulation pump (17).

즉, 상기 태양열집열기(10)와 축열조(13)는 열매체공급관(11)으로 연결되고, 이 열매체공급관(11)상에는 안전변(밸브)(12)이 설치되어, 열매체의 팽창시 안전변(12)이 개방되면서 열매체를 외부로 토출시키게 된다.That is, the solar collector 10 and the heat storage tank 13 are connected to the heat medium supply pipe 11, and a safety valve 12 is installed on the heat medium supply pipe 11, so that the safety valve 12 is expanded when the heat medium is expanded. As it opens, the heat medium is discharged to the outside.

그리고, 상기 열매체순환펌프(17)와 태양열집열기(10)는 열매체회수관(18)으 로 연결된다.The heat medium circulation pump 17 and the solar collector 10 are connected to the heat medium recovery pipe 18.

따라서, 상기 열매체의 흐름을 설명하면, 열매체순환펌프(17)에 의해 집열매체 배관계통을 순환하는 열매체가 태양열집열기(10)를 지나면서 가열되고, 가열된 열매체는 축열조(13)의 내장형열교환기(15)로 유입되면서 축열조(13)내의 물과 열교환되어 축열조(13)내의 물을 온수화시킨 후, 개방식팽창탱크(16)로 배출되어 열매체순환펌프(17)에 의해 다시 태양열집열기(10)로 공급되어 재차 가열된다.Therefore, when the flow of the heat medium is described, the heat medium circulating through the heat collecting medium piping system by the heat medium circulation pump 17 is heated while passing through the solar heat collector 10, and the heated heat medium is a built-in heat exchanger of the heat storage tank 13. Heat-exchanged with the water in the heat storage tank 13 while being introduced into the water 15 to heat the water in the heat storage tank 13, and then discharged into the open expansion tank 16 and again by the heat medium circulation pump 17. It is supplied to and heated again.

또한, 상기 태양열급탕난방기의 급탕(온수)계통은, 상기 축열조(13) 상부에 내장된 온수용열교환기(14)의 일단이 냉수공급원과 직수인입관(41)으로서 직접 연결되어 냉수를 공급받고, 상기 온수용열교환기(14)의 타단은 제 1 온수공급관(21)으로서 보조보일러(20)에 연결되어 온수용열교환기(14)내를 유동하는 냉수가 축열조(13)내의 온수와 열교환되어 간접가열된 후 제 1 온수공급관(21)을 통해 보조보일러(20)로 공급된다.In addition, the hot water (hot water) system of the solar hot water heater, one end of the hot water heat exchanger 14 built in the heat storage tank 13 is directly connected as a cold water supply source and a direct inlet pipe 41 to receive cold water The other end of the hot water heat exchanger 14 is connected to the auxiliary boiler 20 as the first hot water supply pipe 21, and the cold water flowing in the hot water heat exchanger 14 is exchanged with hot water in the heat storage tank 13. After the indirect heating is supplied to the auxiliary boiler 20 through the first hot water supply pipe (21).

그리고, 상기 보조보일러(20)에는 온수용열교환기(14)에서 간접가열되어 유입된 냉수를 추가 가열한 후 제 2 온수공급관(22)을 통해 급탕(온수)에 공급한다.In addition, the auxiliary boiler 20 is heated indirectly by the hot water heat exchanger 14 to further heat cold water introduced thereto, and then is supplied to the hot water supply (hot water) through the second hot water supply pipe 22.

또한, 상기 태양열급탕난방기의 난방계통은, 축열조(13)와 보조보일러(20)가 제 1 난방수공급관(31)으로서 연결되어 열교환된 축열조(13)내의 온수 즉 난방수가 보조보일러(20)로 공급되고, 상기 보조보일러(20)에는 난방이 요구되는 난방개소와 제 2 난방수공급관(32)으로서 연결되며, 난방개소와 축열조(13)는 다시 난방수환수관(33)으로 연결되어 난방을 마친 난방수가 축열조(13)로 유입된다.In addition, the heating system of the solar hot water heater, the heat storage tank 13 and the auxiliary boiler 20 is connected as the first heating water supply pipe 31, the hot water, that is, the heating water in the heat storage tank 13 heat exchanged to the auxiliary boiler 20. Is supplied, the auxiliary boiler 20 is connected to the heating element to be heated and the second heating water supply pipe 32, the heating element and the heat storage tank 13 is connected to the heating water return pipe 33 and finished heating Heating water flows into the heat storage tank 13.

그리고, 상기 난방수환수관(33)상에는 난방수를 강제 순환시키는 난방수순환 펌프(30)가 구성되고, 상기 난방수환수관(33)의 일측에는 냉수가 저장된 볼탭(40)과 연결되어 냉수를 공급받는다.In addition, a heating water circulation pump 30 for forcibly circulating heating water is configured on the heating water return pipe 33, and one side of the heating water return pipe 33 is connected to a ball tap 40 in which cold water is stored to supply cold water. Receive.

그러나, 이와 같은 종래의 태양열급탕난방기는 하기와 같은 문제점이 있다.However, such a conventional solar hot water heater has the following problems.

첫번째, 종래의 태양열급탕난방기는 동코일형인 온수 및 내장형열교환기(14)(15)가 항상 축열조(13)의 물속에 잠겨 있기 때문에, 스케일의 침적으로 단기간내에 열교환성능이 현저하게 떨어지는 문제점이 있다.First, the conventional solar hot water heater has a problem that the heat exchange performance of the copper coil type hot water and the built-in heat exchanger 14, 15 is always submerged in the water of the heat storage tank 13, so that the heat exchange performance is significantly reduced within a short period of time due to the deposition of the scale. .

두번째, 집열매체 배관계통이 개방식으로 되어 있기 때문에, 안전변(12)의 개방작동시 관내로 외부 공기의 인입으로 인해 배관계통의 산화가 촉진되어 수명이 단축되고, 관내로 인입된 공기로 인한 관내를 유동하는 물의 흐름 시 에어트러블(Air trouble)로 인해 순환장애가 발생되는 문제점이 있다.Second, since the heat collecting medium piping system is open, the oxidation of the piping system is accelerated due to the introduction of external air into the pipe during the opening operation of the safety valve 12, thereby shortening the lifespan, and reducing the inside of the pipe due to the air introduced into the pipe. There is a problem that a circulation disorder occurs due to air trouble when air flows.

세번째, 축열조(13)내의 온수가 축열조(13) 상부의 온수용열교환기(14)를 지나면서 온수용열교환기(14)내를 유동하는 냉수를 간접가열하는 방식인데, 이는 직접 축열방식에 비해 온수온도가 현저히 낮은 단점이 있다.Third, the hot water in the heat storage tank 13 indirectly heats the cold water flowing in the hot water heat exchanger 14 while passing through the hot water heat exchanger 14 above the heat storage tank 13, which is directly compared with the direct heat storage method. Hot water temperature is significantly low.

네번째, 난방작동 시 난방을 마친 난방환수가 무조건 축열조(13)로 환수되기 때문에, 축열조(13)의 물이 저온일 경우에는 이를 결과적으로 보조보일러(20)가 모두 가열함으로써 연료소모가 커지는 단점이 있다.Fourth, since the heating return after the heating operation is unconditionally returned to the heat storage tank (13), when the water in the heat storage tank 13 is low temperature, as a result, the auxiliary boiler 20 is all heated, resulting in a large fuel consumption. have.

다섯번째, 하절기의 경우에는 집열매체가 과열이 되므로 인해 배관계통의 압력이 상승하여 집열매체가 빈번히 토출되어 작동이 정지되고, 그로 인한 집열매체의 손실이 발생하는 단점이 있다.Fifth, in the summer season, because the heat collecting medium is overheated, the pressure in the plumbing pipe increases, so that the heat collecting medium is frequently discharged, and thus the operation is stopped, resulting in loss of the heat collecting medium.

첨부도면 도 2는 다른 예에 따른 종래의 태양열급탕난방기를 도시한 도면으로서, 옥외에 설치되는 태양열집열기(50)와, 상기 태양열집열기(50)와 집열매체 배관계통으로 연결되는 분리형열교환기(53)의 1차측과, 상기 분리형열교환기(53)의 1차측과 연결되는 개방식팽창탱크(54)와, 집열매체 배관계통내를 유동하는 열매체를 순환시키는 열매체순환펌프(55)로 구성된다.2 is a view showing a conventional solar hot water heater according to another embodiment, a solar heat collector 50 installed outdoors, and a separate heat exchanger 53 connected to the heat collector 50 and a heat collecting medium piping system. ), An open expansion tank (54) connected to the primary side of the separation type heat exchanger (53), and a heat medium circulation pump (55) for circulating the heat medium flowing in the heat collecting medium piping system.

그리고, 상기 분리형열교환기(53)의 2차측은 축열조(57)와 연결되고, 그 연결배관상에는 축열조(57)내의 온수를 순환시키는 온수순환펌프(59)가 설치된다.Then, the secondary side of the separate heat exchanger 53 is connected to the heat storage tank 57, the hot water circulation pump 59 for circulating the hot water in the heat storage tank 57 is installed on the connection pipe.

또한, 상기 축열조(57)는 그 상부에 동코일 열교환기인 온수용열교환기(58)가 내장되게 구성된다.In addition, the heat storage tank 57 is configured such that a heat exchanger 58 for hot water, which is a copper coil heat exchanger, is built thereon.

한편, 상기 집열매체 배관계통은 전술한 태양열집열기(50), 분리형열교환기(53), 개방식팽창탱크(54), 열매체순환펌프(55)를 연결하는 배관이다.On the other hand, the heat collecting medium piping is the pipe connecting the above-described solar collector 50, the separate heat exchanger 53, the open expansion tank 54, the heat medium circulation pump (55).

즉, 상기 태양열집열기(50)와 분리형열교환기(53)는 열매체공급관(51)으로 연결되고, 이 열매체공급관(51)상에는 안전변(밸브)(52)이 설치되어, 열매체의 팽창시 안전변(52)이 개방되면서 열매체를 외부로 토출시키게 된다.That is, the solar collector 50 and the separate heat exchanger 53 are connected to the heat medium supply pipe 51, and a safety valve (valve) 52 is installed on the heat medium supply pipe 51, so that the safety valve 52 is expanded when the heat medium is expanded. As the) is opened, the heat medium is discharged to the outside.

그리고, 상기 열매체순환펌프(55)와 태양열집열기(50)는 열매체회수관(56)으로 연결된다.In addition, the heat medium circulation pump 55 and the solar collector 50 are connected to the heat medium recovery pipe 56.

따라서, 상기 열매체의 흐름을 설명하면, 열매체순환펌프(55)에 의해 집열매체 배관계통을 순환하는 열매체가 태양열집열기(50)를 지나면서 가열되고, 가열된 열매체는 분리형열교환기(53)의 1차측으로 유입되면서 2차측으로 유입되는 축열 조(57)내의 물과 열교환되어 축열조(57)내의 물을 온수화시킨 후, 개방식팽창탱크(54)로 배출되어 열매체순환펌프(55)에 의해 다시 태양열집열기(50)로 공급되어 재차 가열된다.Therefore, when the flow of the heat medium is described, the heat medium circulating through the heat collecting medium piping system by the heat medium circulation pump 55 is heated while passing through the solar heat collector 50, and the heated heat medium is 1 of the separate heat exchanger 53. Heat-exchanged with the water in the heat storage tank (57) flowing into the secondary side while flowing to the secondary side to warm the water in the heat storage tank (57), and then discharged to the open expansion tank (54) again by the heat medium circulation pump (55) It is supplied to the collector 50 and heated again.

이때, 상기 축열조(57)내의 물은 온수순환펌프(59)에 의해서 축열조(57)로부터 분리형열교환기(53)의 2차측으로 공급되어 열교환된 후, 다시 축열조(57)로 회수되어 저장된다.At this time, the water in the heat storage tank 57 is supplied to the secondary side of the separate type heat exchanger 53 from the heat storage tank 57 by the hot water circulation pump 59 to be heat exchanged, and then recovered and stored in the heat storage tank 57 again.

또한, 상기 태양열급탕난방기의 보조보일러(60)와, 제 1 온수공급관(61), 제 2 온수공급관(62)으로 이루어진 급탕(온수)계통과, 난방수순환펌프(70), 제 1 난방수공급관(71), 제 2 난방수공급관(72), 난방수환수관(73)으로 이루어진 난방계통과, 볼탭(80) 및 직수인입관(81) 등의 구성은 전술한 종래의 실시예와 동일하므로 이의 중복되는 설명은 생략한다.In addition, the hot water supply system (hot water) system consisting of the auxiliary boiler 60, the first hot water supply pipe 61, the second hot water supply pipe 62 of the solar hot water heater, the heating water circulation pump 70, the first heating water Since the heating system composed of the supply pipe 71, the second heating water supply pipe 72, the heating water return pipe 73, the ball tap 80 and the direct inlet pipe 81 and the like are the same as in the above-described conventional embodiment Duplicate description thereof will be omitted.

한편, 이와 같이 이루어진 종래의 다른 실시예에 따른 태양열급탕난방기는, 열매체와 축열조(57)내의 물을 열교환시키는 분리형열교환기(53)가 축열조(57)와는 별도로 설치됨으로써 열교환 성능은 우수하나, 별도의 설치공간이 요구되는 단점이 있었다.On the other hand, the solar hot water heater according to another embodiment made as described above, since the separate heat exchanger 53 for heat-exchanging the heat medium and the water in the heat storage tank 57 is installed separately from the heat storage tank 57, the heat exchange performance is excellent, but separate There was a disadvantage of requiring an installation space.

그리고, 전술한 실시예와 동일한 구조를 갖는 개방식의 집열매체 배관계통과, 급탕계통, 난방계통 등은 전술한 실시예와 같은 동일한 문제점이 내재되어 있다.In addition, the open type heat collecting medium piping system, the hot water supply system, the heating system, etc. having the same structure as the above-described embodiment have the same problems as those of the above-described embodiment.

이에, 본 고안은 전술한 바와 같은 종래기술의 문제점을 해결하기 위해 안출된 것으로, 완전밀폐식 집열매체 배관계통과, 나선형 이중쟈켓 열교환방식의 축열조와, 난방환수를 축열조내의 물의 온도에 따라 제어하는 전동삼방변과, 과열방지장치를 갖는 완전밀폐식 태양열급탕난방기를 제공하는데 그 목적이 있다.Accordingly, the present invention has been made to solve the problems of the prior art as described above, the heat-sealing tank of the completely sealed heat collecting medium piping system, the helical double jacket heat exchange method, and the heating return to control the temperature of the water in the heat storage tank The purpose of the present invention is to provide a fully enclosed solar hot water heater with electric triangulation and overheating protection.

상술한 목적을 달성하기 위한 본 고안의 완전밀폐식 태양열급탕난방기는, 태양열을 이용하여 급탕 및 난방을 하는 태양열 급탕난방기에 있어서, 태양열을 집열하여 열매체를 가열하는 태양열집열기와; 상기 태양열집열기에 완전밀폐된 열매체공급관으로 연결되는 난방축열조와; 상기 난방축열조와 직렬 연결되고 태양열집열기와 완전밀폐된 열매체회수관으로 연결되는 급탕축열조와; 상기 열매체회수관상에 설치되어 열매체를 순환시키는 열매체순환펌프와; 상기 열매체순환펌프와 급탕축열조 사이의 열매체회수관에 연결되어 열매체의 압력상승을 수용하는 밀폐식팽창탱크와; 상기 난방축열조와 급탕축열조에 연결되어 난방수와 온수를 가열하여 공급하는 보조보일러와; 상기 보조보일러에서 공급되어 난방을 마친 난방수를 난방수환수관으로 순환시키는 난방수순환펌프와; 상기 난방수환수관에 설치되어 난방환수를 축열조 또는 보조보일러로 유입시키는 전동삼방변;을 포함하여 구성된 것을 특징으로 한다.The fully enclosed solar hot water heater of the present invention for achieving the above object is a solar hot water heater for hot water supply and heating using solar heat, a solar heat collector for collecting the heat of the heat to heat the heat medium; A heating heat storage tank connected to the heat medium supply pipe completely sealed to the solar heat collector; A hot water storage tank connected in series with the heating heat storage tank and connected to a solar heat collector and a heat-sealed heat recovery tube; A heat medium circulation pump installed on the heat medium recovery pipe to circulate the heat medium; A hermetic expansion tank connected to the heat medium recovery pipe between the heat medium circulation pump and the hot water storage tank to accommodate the pressure rise of the heat medium; An auxiliary boiler connected to the heating heat storage tank and the hot water storage heat storage tank to heat and supply heating water and hot water; A heating water circulation pump for circulating the heating water supplied from the auxiliary boiler to the heating water receiving pipe; It is installed in the heating water return pipe; electric triangular inlet to introduce the heating return to the heat storage tank or auxiliary boiler; characterized in that configured to include.

바람직하게는, 상기 열매체공급관과 열매체회수관 사이에 방열장치가 구성되 되, 상기 방열장치는, 열매체공급관과 열매체회수관을 연결하는 바이패스관과; 상기 바이패스관상에 설치되어 과열된 열매체를 강제 순환시키는 순환펌프와; 상기 순환펌프에 의해 강제 순환되는 과열된 열매체를 방열시키는 방열기;를 포함하여 구성된다.Preferably, the heat dissipation device is configured between the heat medium supply pipe and the heat medium recovery pipe, the heat dissipation device comprising: a bypass pipe connecting the heat medium supply pipe and the heat medium recovery pipe; A circulation pump installed on the bypass pipe to forcibly circulate the superheated heat medium; It is configured to include; a radiator for radiating the overheated heat medium forcibly circulated by the circulation pump.

그리고, 상기 난방축열조 및 급탕축열조는 내통과 외통으로 이루어지고, 그 내통과 외통 사이에는 나선형의 판(plate)으로 형성된 나선형 유로를 갖는 이중쟈켓구조가 형성된다.The heating heat storage tank and the hot water storage heat storage tank are formed of an inner cylinder and an outer cylinder, and a double jacket structure having a spiral flow path formed of a spiral plate is formed between the inner cylinder and the outer cylinder.

이하, 본 고안의 바람직한 실시예를 첨부도면을 참조하여 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다.Hereinafter, with reference to the accompanying drawings, preferred embodiments of the present invention in detail as follows.

첨부도면 도 3 내지 도 7은 본 고안에 따른 완전밀폐식 태양열급탕난방기를 도시한 도면이다.3 to 7 are views showing a fully sealed solar hot water heater according to the present invention.

본 고안의 완전밀폐식 태양열급탕난방기는 도 3 내지 도 5에 도시된 바와 같이, 크게 집열매체 순환(배관)계통과, 급탕계통, 난방계통, 방열장치 등으로 대별되어 구성되고, 이러한 구성들은 도 7에 도시된 바와 같이, 태양열급탕난방기에 구성된 콘트롤러에 의해 제어된다.Fully enclosed solar hot water heater according to the present invention is largely composed of a heat collecting medium circulation (pipe) system, a hot water supply system, a heating system, a heat dissipation device, and the like, as shown in FIGS. As shown in Fig. 7, it is controlled by a controller configured in a solar hot water heater.

상기 집열매체 순환계통은, 옥외에 설치되고 태양열을 집열하여 열매체를 가열하는 태양열집열기(100)와, 상기 태양열집열기(100)에 완전밀폐된 열매체공급관(101)으로 연결되는 난방축열조(120)와, 상기 난방축열조(120)와 연결관(130)으로서 직렬 연결되고 태양열집열기(100)와 완전밀폐된 열매체회수관(102)으로 연결 되는 급탕축열조(140)와, 상기 열매체회수관(102)상에 설치되어 열매체를 순환시키는 열매체순환펌프(141)와, 상기 열매체순환펌프(141)와 급탕축열조(140) 사이의 열매체회수관(102)에 연결되어 열매체의 압력상승을 수용하는 밀폐식팽창탱크(142)로 구성된다.The heat collecting medium circulation system includes: a solar heat collector (100) installed outdoors and collecting solar heat to heat the heat medium; and a heat storage tank (120) connected to the heat medium supply pipe (101) completely sealed to the solar heat collector (100); The hot water storage tank 140 connected in series with the heating heat storage tank 120 and the connection pipe 130 and connected to the heat collector 100 and the heat recovery pipe 102 which is completely sealed, and the heat recovery pipe 102 on the heat storage tank 120. It is installed in the heat medium circulation pump 141 for circulating the heat medium and the heat medium circulation pump (141) between the heat medium circulation pump 141 and the hot water storage heat storage tank (140) is an hermetic expansion tank for receiving the pressure rise of the heat medium 142.

상기 난방축열조(120) 및 급탕축열조(140)는 도 6에 도시된 바와 같이, 내통과 외통으로 이루어지고, 그 내통과 외통 사이에는 내.외통간의 간격에 대응한 나선형의 판(plate)이 인입구측에서 인출구측으로 설치되어 형성된 나선형 유로를 갖는 이중쟈켓구조로 이루어진다.As shown in FIG. 6, the heating heat storage tank 120 and the hot water storage heat storage tank 140 are formed of an inner cylinder and an outer cylinder, and a spiral plate corresponding to a gap between the inner cylinder and the outer cylinder is formed between the inner cylinder and the outer cylinder. It consists of a double jacket structure having a spiral flow path formed from the side to the outlet side.

여기서, 도 6에서는 난방축열조(120)와 급탕축열조(140)가 동일한 구조이므로 난방축열조(120)만을 도시하였다.6, only the heating heat storage tank 120 is illustrated since the heating heat storage tank 120 and the hot water storage heat storage tank 140 have the same structure.

따라서, 상기 태양열집열기(100)와 연결된 난방축열조(120)와 급탕축열조(140)의 집열매체 배관은, 열매체공급관(101)이 난방축열조(120)의 외부쟈켓 즉 외통에 연결되어 난방축열조(120)내의 난방수를 가열 및 축열하고, 상기 급탕축열조(140)의 외부쟈켓 즉 외통에는 난방축열조(120)의 외부쟈켓과 직렬 연결된 연결관(130)이 연결되어 급탕축열조(140)내의 온수를 가열 및 저장하며, 상기 급탕축열조(140)의 외부쟈켓과 태양열집열기(100)는 열매체회수관(102)으로 연결되어 있어 급탕축열조(140)의 외부쟈켓에서 배출된 열매체를 태양열집열기(100)로 공급하게 된다.Accordingly, the heat storage medium pipe of the heating heat storage tank 120 and the hot water storage heat storage tank 140 connected to the solar heat collector 100 has a heating medium supply pipe 101 connected to an outer jacket of the heating heat storage tank 120, that is, the outer heat storage tank 120. Heat and heat the heating water in the), the outer jacket of the hot water storage tank 140, the outer cylinder is connected to the connection pipe 130 in series with the outer jacket of the heating heat storage tank 120 is connected to heat the hot water in the hot water storage tank 140. And the outer jacket of the hot water storage tank 140 and the solar collector 100 are connected to the heat medium recovery pipe 102 to supply the heat medium discharged from the outer jacket of the hot water storage tank 140 to the solar collector 100. Done.

한편, 본 고안의 밀폐식이란, 이중쟈켓의 축열조(120)(140)에서부터 태양열집열기(100)까지의 집열매체 순환계통이 밀폐된 것을 의미한다. 즉, 순환계통의 배관 중에 종래와 같은 안전변(밸브)이나 에어벤트 등이 없이 완전히 밀폐된 것을 의 미하며, 상기 밀폐식팽창탱크(142)를 통해 열매체의 팽창으로 인한 압력변동을 흡수함으로써 집열매체 순환계통을 안전하게 운용할 수 있게 된다.On the other hand, the sealed type of the present invention means that the heat collecting medium circulation system from the heat storage tank 120 (140) to the solar collector 100 of the double jacket is sealed. That is, it means that the piping of the circulation system is completely sealed without the conventional safety valve (valve) or air vent, and the like, and absorbs the pressure fluctuations caused by the expansion of the heat medium through the hermetic expansion tank 142. The circulation system can be operated safely.

그리고, 상기 밀폐식팽창탱크(142)는 도면으로는 도시되지 않았지만, 내부에 다이아프램이 설치되고 다이아프램 상부엔 질소가스가 적정압력으로 충진되어 있어, 태양열급탕난방기의 작동 중 집열매체가 온도상승으로 인해 열팽창하면 질소가스는 압축되고 다이아프램 내부로 팽창된 집열매체가 유입되어 집열매체 순환계통의 압력을 안정적으로 유지시켜 주며, 반대로 집열매체의 온도가 하강하면 질소가스가 팽창하며 다이아프램 내부의 집열매체를 배관계통으로 배출시켜 집열매체 순환계통의 압력을 안정적으로 유지시킨다.In addition, although not shown in the drawing, the hermetic expansion tank 142 is provided with a diaphragm inside and filled with nitrogen gas at an appropriate pressure in the upper part of the diaphragm, so that the heat collecting medium increases in temperature during operation of the solar hot water heater. Due to thermal expansion, the nitrogen gas is compressed and the collecting medium expanded into the diaphragm flows in to maintain the pressure of the collecting medium circulation system.On the contrary, when the temperature of the collecting medium decreases, the nitrogen gas expands and the inside of the diaphragm expands. By discharging the collecting medium into the piping system, the pressure of the collecting medium circulation system is maintained stably.

한편, 상기와 같이 구성된 집열매체 순환계통의 흐름은, 열매체순환펌프(141)에 의해 강제 순환되는 열매체가 열매체회수관(102)을 통해 태양열집열기(100)로 회수되어 가열된 후, 열매체공급관(101)을 통해 난방축열조(120)의 외부쟈켓으로 공급된다.On the other hand, the flow of the heat collecting medium circulation system configured as described above, after the heat medium forcedly circulated by the heat medium circulation pump 141 is recovered and heated by the heat collector 100 through the heat medium recovery pipe 102, the heat medium supply pipe ( 101 is supplied to the outer jacket of the heating heat storage tank 120 through.

이와 같이 공급된 열매체는 난방축열조(120)의 외통과 내통 사이에 설치된 나선형의 판(plate)으로 형성되는 나선형 유로의 상부에서 하부측으로 흐르면서 난방축열조(120)내의 물을 직접 가열하여 온수화한다.The heat medium supplied in this way flows from the upper side to the lower side of the spiral flow path formed by the spiral plate provided between the outer cylinder and the inner cylinder of the heating heat storage tank 120 to directly heat the water in the heating heat storage tank 120 to form hot water.

그리고, 난방축열조(120)의 외부쟈켓으로부터 배출된 열매체는 연결관(130)을 통해 급탕축열조(140)의 외부쟈켓으로 공급되어 유동하면서 급탕축열조(140)내의 물을 직접 가열시킨 후, 배출되어 열매체회수관(102)을 통해 다시 태양열집열기(100)로 회수된다.And, the heat medium discharged from the outer jacket of the heating heat storage tank 120 is supplied to the outer jacket of the hot water storage heat storage tank 140 through the connection pipe 130, while directly heating the water in the hot water storage heat storage tank 140 while being discharged, The heat collector tube 102 is recovered to the solar collector 100 again.

이때, 열매체의 온도가 상승하여 열팽창되면, 급탕축열조(140)와 열매체순환펌프(141) 사이의 열매체회수관(102)에 연결된 밀폐식팽창탱크(142)를 통해 열매체의 압력이 안정적으로 유지된다.At this time, when the temperature of the heat medium rises and is thermally expanded, the pressure of the heat medium is stably maintained through the hermetic expansion tank 142 connected to the heat medium recovery pipe 102 between the hot water storage heat storage tank 140 and the heat medium circulation pump 141. .

상기 급탕계통은, 급탕축열조(140)와 보조보일러(150)를 제 1 온수공급관(143)으로 연결하고, 상기 보조보일러(150)에는 온수를 공급하기 위한 제 2 온수공급관(151)이 설치된다.The hot water supply system, the hot water storage tank 140 and the auxiliary boiler 150 is connected to the first hot water supply pipe 143, the second boiler 150 is provided with a second hot water supply pipe 151 for supplying hot water. .

그리고, 상기 급탕축열조(140)의 하부에는 냉수공급원과 연결된 직수인입관(161)이 연결된다.In addition, a direct inlet pipe 161 connected to a cold water supply source is connected to a lower portion of the hot water storage tank 140.

따라서, 전술한 바와 같이 열매체에 의해 직접 가열된 급탕축열조(140)내의 온수는 제 1 온수공급관(143)을 통해 보조보일러(150)로 공급되고, 보조보일러(150)에서 추가 가열된 후 제 2 온수공급관(151)을 통해 온수가 공급된다.Therefore, as described above, the hot water in the hot water storage tank 140 directly heated by the heat medium is supplied to the auxiliary boiler 150 through the first hot water supply pipe 143, and further heated in the auxiliary boiler 150, and then the second hot water is supplied to the auxiliary boiler 150. Hot water is supplied through the hot water supply pipe 151.

상기 난방계통은, 난방축열조(120)와 보조보일러(150)를 제 1 난방수공급관(121)으로 연결하고, 상기 보조보일러(150)에는 난방수를 난방개소에 공급하는 제 2 난방수공급관(152)이 설치된다.The heating system, the heating heat storage tank 120 and the auxiliary boiler 150 is connected to the first heating water supply pipe 121, the auxiliary boiler 150, the second heating water supply pipe for supplying heating water to the heating place ( 152 is installed.

그리고, 상기 난방개소에는 난방을 마친 난방수를 환수시키는 난방수환수관(153)이 설치되고, 상기 난방수환수관(153)에는 난방환수를 강제 순환시키는 난방수순환펌프(154)가 설치된다.In addition, a heating water return pipe 153 for returning the heated water is installed in the heating place, and a heating water circulation pump 154 for forcibly circulating the heating return is installed in the heating water return pipe 153.

한편, 상기 난방수환수관(153)에는 "T"자 형상의 유로를 갖는 전동삼방변(밸 브)(155)이 설치되어, 난방환수를 난방축열조(120)의 온도에 따라 난방축열조(120) 또는 보조보일러(150)로 유입시킨다.On the other hand, the heating return pipe 153 is provided with an electric triangular valve (valve) 155 having a "T" shaped flow path, the heating heat storage tank 120 in accordance with the temperature of the heating heat storage tank 120 Or it flows into the auxiliary boiler 150.

따라서, 전술한 바와 같이 열매체에 의해 직접 가열된 난방축열조(120)내의 온수는 제 1 난방수공급관(121)을 통해 보조보일러(150)로 공급되고, 보조보일러(150)에서 추가 가열된 후 제 2 난방수공급관(152)을 통해 난방개소로 공급되어 난방한다.Therefore, the hot water in the heating heat storage tank 120 directly heated by the heat medium as described above is supplied to the auxiliary boiler 150 through the first heating water supply pipe 121, and further heated in the auxiliary boiler 150, 2 is supplied to the heating place through the heating water supply pipe 152 to heat.

이후, 난방을 마친 난방수는 난방수순환펌프(154)에 의해 난방수환수관(153)을 통해 환수되고, 난방수환수관(153)으로 환수된 난방환수는 전동삼방변(155)에 의해서 난방축열조(120) 또는 보조보일러(150)로 유입되어 순환된다.Subsequently, the heating water that has been heated is returned through the heating water return pipe 153 by the heating water circulation pump 154, and the heating return water returned to the heating water return pipe 153 is heated by the electric triangular valve 155. Inflow to the 120 or the auxiliary boiler 150 is circulated.

즉, 상기 난방축열조(120)의 온도가 충분히 높을 경우에는 전동삼방변(155)은 보조보일러(150)측의 유로가 폐쇄되면서 난방축열조(120)측의 유로가 개방되고, 반대로 난방축열조(120)의 온도가 낮을 경우에는 난방축열조(120)측의 유로가 폐쇄되면서 보조보일러(150)측의 유로가 개방되어, 난방환수가 순환된다.That is, when the temperature of the heating heat storage tank 120 is sufficiently high, the electric triangular valve 155 opens the flow path of the heating heat storage tank 120 side while the flow path of the auxiliary boiler 150 is closed, and on the contrary, the heating heat storage tank 120. When the temperature of) is low, the flow path on the side of the heating heat storage tank 120 is closed, and the flow path on the side of the auxiliary boiler 150 is opened to circulate the heating return.

그리고, 난방계통에서 난방수가 부족할 경우에는 볼탭(160)으로부터 보충수가 보급된다.When the heating water is insufficient in the heating system, supplemental water is supplied from the ball tap 160.

상기 방열장치(110)는, 열매체공급관(101)과 열매체회수관(102)을 연결하도록 설치된 바이패스관(111)과, 상기 바이패스관(111)에 설치되어 과열된 열매체를 강제 순환시키는 순환펌프(112)와, 상기 순환펌프(112)에 의해 강제 순환되는 과열된 열매체를 방열시키는 방열기(113)를 포함하여 구성된다.The heat dissipation device 110 includes a bypass pipe 111 installed to connect the heat medium supply pipe 101 and the heat medium recovery pipe 102, and a circulation forcibly circulating the heat medium installed in the bypass pipe 111. It comprises a pump 112, and a radiator 113 for radiating the overheated heat medium forcibly circulated by the circulation pump 112.

상기 방열기(113)는 핀과 같은 형태로 형성된 공냉식 방열기이다.The radiator 113 is an air-cooled radiator formed in a fin-like form.

따라서, 상기 열매체가 과열되면, 콘트롤러에 의한 방열장치(110)의 순환펌프(112)가 작동하여 열매체공급관(101)을 통해 공급되는 열매체를 바이패스관(111)으로 바이패스시켜 방열기(113)로 공급하고, 방열기(113)로 공급된 열매체는 핀형태로 적층된 관을 지나면서 방열되어 열매체회수관(102)을 통해 재차 태양열집열기(100)로 순환되면서 방열된다.Therefore, when the heat medium is overheated, the circulation pump 112 of the heat dissipation device 110 by the controller is operated to bypass the heat medium supplied through the heat medium supply pipe 101 to the bypass pipe 111 to radiate the heat radiation 113. The heat medium supplied to the radiator 113 is radiated while passing through the pipes stacked in the form of fins and circulated back to the solar heat collector 100 through the heat medium recovery pipe 102.

이상에서 설명한 바와 같이, 본 고안의 완전밀폐식 태양열급탕난방기에 따르면 하기와 같은 장점이 있다.As described above, according to the fully enclosed solar hot water heater of the present invention has the following advantages.

첫번째, 집열매체 순환계통을 완전밀폐시킴으로써 공기가 인입되지 않아 장비의 수명이 연장되고 순환장애가 발생하지 않는다.Firstly, the air is not drawn in by completely enclosing the collection media circulation system, which extends the life of the equipment and does not cause circulation obstruction.

두번째, 급탕축열조를 별도로 설치하여 난방축열조와 Single path 로 연결함으로써 집열매체 순환계통이 단순화되고, 온수사용효율이 높다.Second, by installing a hot water storage tank separately and connecting the heating storage tank with a single path, the circulation system of the heat collecting medium is simplified, and hot water use efficiency is high.

세번째, 난방 및 급탕축열조는 나선형 유로를 갖는 이중쟈켓 축열조로 형성함으로써 스케일 침적의 우려가 적고 설치공간이 적게 소요된다.Third, the heating and hot water storage tanks are formed by a double jacket heat storage tank having a spiral flow path, so that there is less concern about scale deposition and requires less installation space.

네번째, 난방수환수관에 전동삼방변을 설치함으로써 난방축열조와 보조보일러를 병렬로서 예열작동시킴으로써 불필요한 연료소모를 최소화한다.Fourth, by installing an electric triangular valve in the heating and return pipe, the preheating operation of the heating heat storage tank and the auxiliary boiler in parallel minimizes unnecessary fuel consumption.

다섯번째, 방열장치를 설치함으로써 하절기의 집열기 과열로 인한 작동정지 및 열매체손실을 방지할 수 있다.Fifth, by installing a heat dissipation device, it is possible to prevent the operation stop and heat medium loss due to overheating of the collector in summer.

Claims (3)

태양열을 이용하여 급탕 및 난방을 하는 태양열 급탕난방기에 있어서, In the solar hot water heater, which supplies hot water and heat using solar heat, 태양열을 집열하여 열매체를 가열하는 태양열집열기와; A solar collector which collects solar heat and heats the heat medium; 상기 태양열집열기에 완전밀폐된 열매체공급관으로 연결되는 난방축열조와; A heating heat storage tank connected to the heat medium supply pipe completely sealed to the solar heat collector; 상기 난방축열조와 직렬 연결되고 태양열집열기와 완전밀폐된 열매체회수관으로 연결되는 급탕축열조와; A hot water storage tank connected in series with the heating heat storage tank and connected to a solar heat collector and a heat-sealed heat recovery tube; 상기 열매체회수관상에 설치되어 열매체를 순환시키는 열매체순환펌프와; A heat medium circulation pump installed on the heat medium recovery pipe to circulate the heat medium; 상기 열매체순환펌프와 급탕축열조 사이의 열매체회수관에 연결되어 열매체의 압력상승을 수용하는 밀폐식팽창탱크와; A hermetic expansion tank connected to the heat medium recovery pipe between the heat medium circulation pump and the hot water storage tank to accommodate the pressure rise of the heat medium; 상기 난방축열조와 급탕축열조에 연결되어 난방수와 온수를 가열하여 공급하는 보조보일러와; An auxiliary boiler connected to the heating heat storage tank and the hot water storage heat storage tank to heat and supply heating water and hot water; 상기 보조보일러에서 공급되어 난방을 마친 난방수를 난방수환수관으로 순환시키는 난방수순환펌프와; A heating water circulation pump for circulating the heating water supplied from the auxiliary boiler to the heating water receiving pipe; 상기 난방수환수관에 설치되어 난방환수를 축열조 또는 보조보일러로 유입시키는 전동삼방변;을 포함하여 구성된 것을 특징으로 하는 완전밀폐식 태양열급탕난방기.Completely enclosed solar hot water heater, characterized in that it comprises a; electric triangular toilet installed in the heating water return pipe to introduce the heating return to the heat storage tank or auxiliary boiler. 제 1 항에 있어서, The method of claim 1, 상기 열매체공급관과 열매체회수관 사이에 방열장치가 구성되되, The heat dissipation device is configured between the heat medium supply pipe and the heat medium recovery pipe, 상기 방열장치는, 열매체공급관과 열매체회수관을 연결하는 바이패스관과; The heat dissipation device includes: a bypass pipe connecting the heat medium supply pipe and the heat medium recovery pipe; 상기 바이패스관상에 설치되어 과열된 열매체를 강제 순환시키는 순환펌프와; A circulation pump installed on the bypass pipe to forcibly circulate the superheated heat medium; 상기 순환펌프에 의해 강제 순환되는 과열된 열매체를 방열시키는 방열기;를 포함하여 구성된 것을 특징으로 하는 완전밀폐식 태양열급탕난방기.Fully enclosed solar hot water heater, characterized in that it comprises a; a heat radiator for dissipating the overheated heat medium forcibly circulated by the circulation pump. 제 2 항에 있어서, The method of claim 2, 상기 난방축열조 및 급탕축열조는 내통과 외통으로 이루어지고, 그 내통과 외통 사이에는 나선형의 판(plate)으로 형성된 나선형 유로를 갖는 이중쟈켓구조가 형성된 것을 특징으로 하는 완전밀폐식 태양열급탕난방기.The heating heat storage tank and the hot water storage heat storage tank is composed of an inner cylinder and an outer cylinder, and between the inner cylinder and the outer cylinder, a fully-sealed solar hot water heater, characterized in that a double jacket structure having a spiral flow path formed of a spiral plate is formed.
KR2020060025552U 2006-09-22 2006-09-22 Closing Solar Heater KR200435845Y1 (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR200445815Y1 (en) * 2009-03-03 2009-09-01 조성구 Solar Heater
KR100927220B1 (en) 2008-07-14 2009-11-16 이한출 Heating apparatus using solar heat
KR200459946Y1 (en) 2009-09-23 2012-04-20 김성만 Package type solar thermal collector for solar boiler system
KR101179854B1 (en) * 2010-06-29 2012-09-04 주식회사 경동나비엔 Solar heat system having discrete heating and hot water tank
KR101469930B1 (en) * 2012-05-02 2014-12-05 주식회사 명보에너지 heating and cooling apparatus using the heat pump

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100927220B1 (en) 2008-07-14 2009-11-16 이한출 Heating apparatus using solar heat
KR200445815Y1 (en) * 2009-03-03 2009-09-01 조성구 Solar Heater
KR200459946Y1 (en) 2009-09-23 2012-04-20 김성만 Package type solar thermal collector for solar boiler system
KR101179854B1 (en) * 2010-06-29 2012-09-04 주식회사 경동나비엔 Solar heat system having discrete heating and hot water tank
KR101469930B1 (en) * 2012-05-02 2014-12-05 주식회사 명보에너지 heating and cooling apparatus using the heat pump

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