KR200420112Y1 - Water filter apparatus of submerged type - Google Patents

Water filter apparatus of submerged type Download PDF

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Publication number
KR200420112Y1
KR200420112Y1 KR2020060008708U KR20060008708U KR200420112Y1 KR 200420112 Y1 KR200420112 Y1 KR 200420112Y1 KR 2020060008708 U KR2020060008708 U KR 2020060008708U KR 20060008708 U KR20060008708 U KR 20060008708U KR 200420112 Y1 KR200420112 Y1 KR 200420112Y1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
filter
filter housing
pipe
immersion
compressed air
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KR2020060008708U
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Korean (ko)
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허남주
권진하
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허남주
권진하
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/62Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • B01D29/66Regenerating the filter material in the filter by flushing, e.g. counter-current air-bumps
    • B01D29/661Regenerating the filter material in the filter by flushing, e.g. counter-current air-bumps by using gas-bumps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/62Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • B01D29/66Regenerating the filter material in the filter by flushing, e.g. counter-current air-bumps
    • B01D29/668Regenerating the filter material in the filter by flushing, e.g. counter-current air-bumps with valves, e.g. rotating valves for coaxially placed filtering elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D39/00Filtering material for liquid or gaseous fluids
    • B01D39/14Other self-supporting filtering material ; Other filtering material
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/02Aerobic processes
    • C02F3/12Activated sludge processes
    • C02F3/1236Particular type of activated sludge installations
    • C02F3/1268Membrane bioreactor systems
    • C02F3/1273Submerged membrane bioreactors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2239/00Aspects relating to filtering material for liquid or gaseous fluids
    • B01D2239/06Filter cloth, e.g. knitted, woven non-woven; self-supported material
    • B01D2239/0604Arrangement of the fibres in the filtering material
    • B01D2239/0618Non-woven

Abstract

본 고안은 정수장치 및 오,폐수처리장치와 같은 각종 수처리장치에 사용되는 침지형여과장치에 관한 것으로서, 특히 하부가 개방되어져 있는 필터하우징(1) 내부 일정위치에 다수개의 끼움돌부(11')를 가지는 격벽(11)을 설치하여 필터하우징(1) 내부 상,하측에 처리수배출공간(12)과 폐수유입공간(13)가 각각 마련되도록 하고, 상기 격벽(11) 하측면으로는 통상의 침지형필터(2)를 끼움돌부(11')에 다수개 설치하여 침지형필터(2) 내부와 필터하우징(1)의 처리수배출공간(12)이 연통되게 구성하며, 상기 필터하우징(1) 상부로는 흡입펌프(31)와 압력계(33) 및 솔레노이드밸브(32)가 순차적으로 연결구성된 배출관(3)과, 솔레노이드밸브(42)가 설치되고 그 일측으로 이송관(41')이 마련된 농축수배출관(41), 그리고 솔레노이드밸브(4')가 연결구성된 공기주입관(4), 및 압축공기저장탱크(51)와 솔레노이드밸브(52)가 연결구성된 압축공기주입관(5)을 각각 연결하여 설치구성하되, The present invention relates to an immersion type filtration device used for various water treatment devices such as a water purification device and a wastewater treatment device. In particular, a plurality of fitting protrusions 11 'are disposed at predetermined positions inside the filter housing 1 in which the lower part is opened. The partition wall 11 is provided so that the treated water discharge space 12 and the wastewater inflow space 13 are respectively provided on the upper and lower sides of the filter housing 1, and the submerged wall 11 has a conventional immersion type. A plurality of filters (2) are installed in the fitting protrusion (11 ') to configure the inside of the immersion filter (2) and the treated water discharge space (12) of the filter housing (1), the filter housing (1) The suction pump 31, the pressure gauge 33 and the solenoid valve 32, the discharge pipe 3 is configured to be connected in sequence, and the solenoid valve 42 is installed, the concentrated water discharge pipe is provided with a transfer pipe 41 'to one side (41), and the air inlet pipe (4) to which the solenoid valve 4 'is connected, and the compression The air storage tank 51 and the solenoid valve 52 is connected to the compressed air injection pipe (5) is configured to be installed, respectively,

상기 배출관(3)과 압축공기주입관(5) 및 공기주입관(4)은 필터하우징(1) 내부의 처리수배출공간(12)과 연통되게 필터하우징(1)상부에 설치구성하고, 상기 농축수배출관(41)은 필터하우징(1)의 격벽(11)을 관통하여 폐수유입공간(13)과 연통되도록 설치구성하여서 됨을 특징으로 한다.The discharge pipe (3), the compressed air injection pipe (5) and the air injection pipe (4) is installed on the filter housing (1) in communication with the treated water discharge space (12) inside the filter housing (1) Concentrated water discharge pipe 41 is characterized in that the installation is configured to communicate with the wastewater inflow space 13 through the partition 11 of the filter housing (1).

따라서 본 고안은 위와 같이 물속에 함유된 이물질을 걸러주는 침지형필터로 압축공기를 주입시키는 압축공기주입관을 별도 구성하여, 침지형필터표면에 다량의 이물질이 침적될 경우, 그 내부로 강한 압축공기를 순간적으로 주입시켜 침지형필터 표면에 침적된 이물질들이 압축공기의 강한 주입력에 의해 강제로 제거될 수 있도록 하여 주므로, 폐수에 함유된 오염물질과 이물질이 보다 용이하게 여과됨은 물론 그 처리수가 신속하게 침지형필터를 통해 외부로 배출될 수 있도록 하여줌에 특징을 가지는 것이다.Therefore, the present invention separately constitutes a compressed air injection pipe for injecting compressed air into an immersion filter that filters foreign substances contained in the water as described above, and when a large amount of foreign substances are deposited on the surface of the immersion filter, strong compressed air is stored therein. Instantly injected to allow foreign substances deposited on the surface of the immersion filter to be forcibly removed by the strong injection force of the compressed air, so that contaminants and foreign substances contained in the waste water is more easily filtered and the treated water is quickly immersed. It is characterized by being able to be discharged to the outside through the filter.

배출관, 폐수처리장치, 필터, 부직포, 산기관 Discharge pipe, wastewater treatment device, filter, nonwoven fabric, diffuser

Description

수처리용 침지형 여과장치{Water filter apparatus of submerged type}Water filter apparatus of submerged type

도 1은 본 고안이 적용된 폐수처리장치의 예시도,1 is an exemplary view of a wastewater treatment apparatus to which the present invention is applied;

도 2는 본 고안을 이용한 여과공정을 나타낸 예시도,2 is an exemplary view showing a filtration process using the present invention,

도 3,4는 침지형 필터에 침적된 이물질을 제거하는 실시상태도,3 and 4 is an exemplary embodiment for removing the foreign matter deposited on the immersion filter,

도 5는 본 고안에서 제시하는 또 다른 침지형 필터,5 is another immersion filter proposed in the present invention,

도 6은 "가"부 부분 확대 예시도.Fig. 6 is an enlarged view of a part “part”.

도 7은 통상의 여과장치가 설치된 폐수처리장치의 예시도.Figure 7 is an illustration of a wastewater treatment apparatus equipped with a conventional filtration device.

*도면의 주요부분에 대하 부호설명* Explanation of symbols on the main parts of the drawings

1 : 필터하우징 11 : 격벽1: Filter housing 11: Bulkhead

11' : 끼움돌부 12 : 처리수배출공간11 ': fitting protrusion 12: treated water discharge space

13 : 폐수유입공간 101 : 반응기13: wastewater inlet space 101: reactor

102 : 공기공급장치 102' : 산기관102: air supply device 102 ': diffuser

2 : 침지형필터 21 : 구멍2: immersion filter 21: hole

3 : 배출관 31 : 흡입펌프3: discharge pipe 31: suction pump

32 : 솔레노이드밸브 33 : 압력계32 solenoid valve 33 pressure gauge

34 : 유량계 4 : 공기주입관34: flow meter 4: air injection pipe

4' : 솔레노이드밸브 41 : 농축수배출관4 ': solenoid valve 41: concentrated water discharge pipe

41' : 이송관 42 : 솔레노이드밸브41 ': transfer pipe 42: solenoid valve

5 : 압축공기주입관 51 : 압축공기저장탱크5: compressed air injection pipe 51: compressed air storage tank

52 : 솔레노이드밸브 6 : 부직포필터52: solenoid valve 6: nonwoven filter

61 : 지지판 62 : 부직포61 support plate 62 nonwoven fabric

63 : 고정대 64 : 끼움공63: holder 64: fitting hole

본 고안은 정수장치 및 오,폐수처리장치와 같은 각종 수처리장치에 사용되는 침지형여과장치에 관한 것으로서, 이를 보다 구체적으로 설명하자면 정수 또는 오,폐수의 처리공정시 사용되는 여과장치의 침지형필터로 다량의 이물질이 고착될 경우, 침지형필터 내부로 압축공기를 순간주입시켜, 상기 침지형필터표면에 고착된 이물질이 신속하게 제거될 수 있게 하여 주므로 필터의 막힘을 예방하여 처리수의 배출을 보다 용이하게 도모함은 물론 그 여과작업이 연속적으로 이루어질 수 있도록 하여 줌에 그 목적을 가지는 것이다.The present invention relates to an immersion type filtration device used in various water treatment devices, such as a water purification device and a wastewater treatment device. More specifically, the present invention relates to a immersion type filter of a filtration device used in the treatment process of purified water or wastewater. When foreign matters are fixed, instantaneous injection of compressed air into the immersion filter allows the foreign matters stuck on the immersion filter surface to be removed quickly, thus preventing the clogging of the filter to facilitate the discharge of treated water. Of course, the purpose of the filter is to allow the filtration to be carried out continuously.

상기와 같은 여과장치는 통상 정수장치 및 각종 오,폐수처리장치내에 설치되어 물속에 함유된 각종 오염물질 및 이물질을 걸러주는 역할을 수행하는 것으로 이 를 보다 상세하게 설명하기 위하여 상기의 여과장치가 마련된 폐수처리장치를 예를 들어 설명하자면, Such a filtration device is usually installed in a water purifier and various wastewater treatment devices to filter various contaminants and foreign substances contained in the water, and the filtration device is provided to explain in more detail. As an example, a wastewater treatment system is described.

일반적으로 폐수처리장치는 침지형 생물반응기(Submerged Membrane Bio Reactor, MBR)를 이용하여 폐수를 처리한다.In general, the wastewater treatment apparatus treats the wastewater using a submerged Membrane Bio Reactor (MBR).

즉, 상기 침지형 생물반응기는 생물학적 처리공정과 여과공정을 조합한 반응기로서, That is, the immersion bioreactor is a reactor combining a biological treatment process and a filtration process,

첨부된 도면 도 7과 같이 반응기(101) 내부로 여과장치를 설치하게 되는데, 이때 상기 여과장치는 통상 흡입펌프(31)와 배출관(3)으로 연결된 침지형필터(2)로 구성되어 내설되고, 상기 반응기(101) 내부 바닥면으로는 침지형필터(2)의 막힘을 지연시키기 위한 공기공급장치(102)의 산기관(102')이 연결설치되어져 있는 구성이다.7, the filtration device is installed inside the reactor 101, in which the filtration device is generally composed of an immersion filter (2) connected to the suction pump (31) and the discharge pipe (3). The diffuser 102 'of the air supply device 102 for delaying the clogging of the immersion filter 2 is connected to the inner bottom surface of the reactor 101.

또한 상기 침지형필터(2)는 통상 필터 표면으로 작은 구멍(21)이 다수개 형성되어져 구성된다.In addition, the immersion filter 2 is usually formed by forming a plurality of small holes 21 on the surface of the filter.

위와 같이 구성된 종래의 폐수처리장치는 반응기내에 저장된 폐수를 생물학적 처리공정으로 1차 처리한 다음 이를 흡입펌프와 침지형필터로 강제 배출시키면서 그 내에 함유된 이물질을 침지형 필터로 걸러 주는 여과공정을 실시하여 폐수를 정화시키도록 한다.The conventional wastewater treatment apparatus configured as described above performs the first treatment of wastewater stored in the reactor by a biological treatment process and then forcibly discharges it to the suction pump and the submerged filter, and performs a filtration process to filter foreign substances contained therein into the submerged filter. Purify.

그러나 위와 같은 종래의 폐수처리장치는 이물질을 걸러 주는 여과공정시 그 침지형필터로 다량 고착되는 이물질을 신속하고 완벽하게 제거하지 못하므로 폐수처리작업의 효율성을 저하시키는 문제점을 가지고 있었다.However, the conventional wastewater treatment apparatus as described above has a problem of lowering the efficiency of wastewater treatment operations because it does not quickly and completely remove a large amount of foreign matters stuck to the immersion filter during the filtration process to filter foreign substances.

이를 보다 상세히 설명하자면, 우선 상기 생물학적 처리공정은 일반적으로 미생물을 이용한 처리공정이므로 그 상세한 설명은 생략한다.To describe this in more detail, first, since the biological treatment process is generally a process using microorganisms, the detailed description thereof will be omitted.

그리고 상기 생물학적 처리공정이 끝나면 흡입펌프를 가동시켜 침지형필터 내부로 반응기내의 폐수를 유입시킴과 동시에 폐수에 함유된 오염물질과 이물질을 침지형필터로 걸러 내어 처리수만이 배출관을 따라 외부로 배출되도록 여과공정을 실시하게 되는데,When the biological treatment process is completed, the suction pump is operated to introduce wastewater in the reactor into the submerged filter, and at the same time, to filter contaminants and foreign substances contained in the wastewater into the submerged filter so that only the treated water is discharged to the outside along the discharge pipe. Will be implemented

이때 상기 여과과정에서 걸러진 오염물질과 이물질은 침지형필터의 표면으로 다량 고착되어 일정한 두께의 이물질 층을 형성(이하 "케이크층" 이라 칭함)하게 된다.At this time, the contaminants and foreign substances filtered in the filtration process are fixed to the surface of the immersion filter in a large amount to form a foreign matter layer having a predetermined thickness (hereinafter referred to as a "cake layer").

따라서 상기 오염물질과 이물질이 다량 침지형필터 표면에 고착될 경우 일정한 두께의 케이크층을 형성하면서 필터의 기능을 상실시키게 되므로 이를 제거하기 위하여,Therefore, when the contaminant and the foreign matter is fixed to the surface of the large immersion type filter to form a cake layer of a certain thickness while losing the function of the filter to remove it,

통상 반응기 내부 바닥면에 설치된 공기공급장치의 산기관으로 공기를 배출시켜 그 분출된 공기방울들이 필터에 부딪혀 이물질들이 침적되는 것을 방해토록 하고 있다.Usually, the air is discharged to the diffuser of the air supply device installed on the bottom surface of the reactor so that the ejected air bubbles hit the filter to prevent foreign substances from depositing.

하지만, 위와 같이 산기관을 통해 공기를 분출시켜 이물질의 침적을 방해하여도 폐수처리장치를 장시간 사용할 경우, 침지형필터 표면으로 이물질이 소량씩 쌓여 결국 케이크층을 형성하게 되므로, 폐수의 여과과정이 원활하게 이루어지지 못하였던 실정이었다.However, even if the wastewater treatment device is used for a long time even when the air is blown out through the diffuser to prevent the deposition of foreign substances, a small amount of foreign substances accumulate on the immersion filter surface and eventually form a cake layer. It was a situation that could not be made.

따라서 종래에는 위와 같은 문제로 인하여 수시로 폐수처리장치를 정지시켜 침지형필터를 약품으로 청소해주어야만 하는 번거로움이 있었음은 물론 그로 인한 연속적인 작업이 불가능해져 폐수처리작업의 효율성이 저하되는 문제를 가지고 있었다Therefore, conventionally, due to the above problems, the wastewater treatment device has to be stopped from time to time, so that the immersion filter has to be cleaned with chemicals, and the continuous work is not possible, thereby degrading the efficiency of wastewater treatment.

또한 근래에는 상기의 문제로 인해 이물질의 제거효율측면 보다는 필터표면의 구멍이 막히는 것을 방지하기 위하여 그 투과수량을 최대한 줄여서 운전을 하고 있는 실정이므로 폐수의 여과시간이 매우 장시간 소요되는 문제점까지 대두되었다.In addition, in order to prevent clogging of the filter surface rather than the removal efficiency of foreign matter due to the above problem, the situation is operating by reducing the permeate amount as much as possible, so that the filtration time of the waste water has been raised for a very long time.

본 고안은 이러한 종래 제반 문제를 일소하기 위하여 고안된 것으로서, 특히The present invention has been devised to solve such a conventional problem, and in particular,

물속에 함유된 이물질을 걸러주는 침지형필터로 압축공기를 주입시키는 압축공기주입관을 별도 구성하여, 침지형필터표면에 다량의 이물질이 침적될 경우, 그 내부로 강한 압축공기를 순간적으로 주입시켜 침지형필터 표면에 침적된 이물질들이 압축공기의 강한 주입력에 의해 강제로 제거될 수 있도록 하여 주므로, 폐수에 함유된 오염물질과 이물질이 보다 용이하게 여과됨은 물론 그 처리수가 신속하게 침지형필 터를 통해 외부로 배출될 수 있도록 하여줌에 그 기술적 과제를 가지는 것이다.Compressed air injection pipe that injects compressed air into an immersion filter that filters foreign substances contained in the water is configured separately, and when a large amount of foreign substances are deposited on the surface of the immersion filter, instantaneous injection of strong compressed air into the immersion filter Since foreign substances deposited on the surface can be forcibly removed by the strong injection force of compressed air, contaminants and foreign substances contained in the wastewater are more easily filtered and the treated water is quickly moved to the outside through the immersion filter. The technical problem is to allow it to be discharged.

이하 본 고안을 첨부된 도면과 함께 보다 상세히 설명하자면 아래와 같다.Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

본 고안은 하부가 개방되어져 있는 필터하우징(1) 내부 일정위치에 다수개의 끼움돌부(11')를 가지는 격벽(11)을 설치하여 필터하우징(1) 내부 상,하측에 처리수배출공간(12)과 폐수유입공간(13)가 각각 마련되도록 하고,The present invention provides a treatment water discharge space 12 above and below the filter housing 1 by installing a partition 11 having a plurality of fitting protrusions 11 'at a predetermined position inside the filter housing 1 having the lower portion opened. ) And wastewater inlet space (13), respectively,

상기 격벽(11) 하측면으로는 통상의 침지형필터(2)를 끼움돌부(11')에 다수개 설치하여 침지형필터(2) 내부와 필터하우징(1)의 처리수배출공간(12)이 연통되게 구성하며,In the lower side of the partition 11, a plurality of ordinary immersion filter 2 is installed in the fitting protrusion 11 'so that the inside of the immersion filter 2 and the treated water discharge space 12 of the filter housing 1 communicate with each other. To make it easier

상기 필터하우징(1) 상부로는 흡입펌프(31)와 압력계(33) 및 솔레노이드밸브(32)가 순차적으로 연결구성된 배출관(3)과, 솔레노이드밸브(42)가 설치되고 그 일측으로 이송관(41')이 마련된 농축수배출관(41), 그리고 솔레노이드밸브(4')가 연결구성된 공기주입관(4), 및 압축공기저장탱크(51)와 솔레노이드밸브(52)가 연결구성된 압축공기주입관(5)을 각각 연결하여 설치구성하되, The upper part of the filter housing (1), the suction pipe 31, the pressure gauge 33 and the solenoid valve 32 is connected to the discharge pipe (3) configured in sequence, the solenoid valve 42 is installed and the transfer pipe (one side) 41 ') is provided with a concentrated water discharge pipe 41, and the air inlet pipe 4 is connected to the solenoid valve (4'), and the compressed air injection pipe is connected to the compressed air storage tank 51 and the solenoid valve 52 (5) to connect and configure each,

상기 배출관(3)과 압축공기주입관(5) 및 공기주입관(4)은 필터하우징(1) 내부의 처리수배출공간(12)과 연통되게 필터하우징(1)상부에 설치구성하고, 상기 농축수배출관(41)은 필터하우징(1)의 격벽(11)을 관통하여 폐수유입공간(13)과 연통되도록 설치구성하여서 된 것이다.The discharge pipe (3), the compressed air injection pipe (5) and the air injection pipe (4) is installed on the filter housing (1) in communication with the treated water discharge space (12) inside the filter housing (1) The concentrated water discharge pipe 41 is configured to pass through the partition 11 of the filter housing 1 and communicate with the wastewater inflow space 13.

그리고 상기 필터하우징(1)의 격판(11) 하측면으로는, 지그재그형상으로 성형된 다수개의 지지판(61) 외주로 부직포(62)을 씌운 다음 상기 지지판(61)을 고정대 (63)내부의 끼움공(64)에 각각 끼움결합시켜서 된 하나 이상의 부직포필터(6)를 연결설치하여서 된 구조이다.The non-woven fabric 62 is covered by the periphery of the plurality of support plates 61 formed in a zigzag shape, and then the support plates 61 are fitted into the holder 63 in the lower surface of the diaphragm 11 of the filter housing 1. One or more nonwoven fabric filters 6 are fitted to the balls 64, respectively.

이상과 같이 구성된 본 고안의 여과장치는 정수장치 및 오,폐수처리장치 내에 다양하게 설치되어 물속에 함유된 이물질을 보다 효과적으로 여과시켜 주도록 함에 그 특징을 가지는 것으로 본 고안의 작용상태를 자세히 설명하기 위하여 오,폐수 처리장치에 본 고안이 적용된 예를 들어 설명하자면 아래와 같다.The filtration device of the present invention configured as described above is characterized in that it is installed in various ways in the water purification device and the wastewater treatment device to filter out foreign substances contained in the water more effectively. For example, the present invention is applied to the wastewater treatment apparatus as follows.

즉, 본 고안에서 제시하는 여과장치는 도 1에서와 같이 반응기(101)내에 필터하우징(2)을 설치한 다음 그 상부로 흡입펌프(31)와 유압계(33) 및 솔레노이드밸브(32)가 연결설치구성된 배출관(3)과, 솔레노이드밸브(42)가 연결된 농축수배출관(41)과 그리고 솔레노이드밸브(4')가 연결구성된 공기주입관(4), 및 압축공기저장탱크(51)와 솔레노이드밸브(52)가 연결구성된 압축공기주입관(5)을 각각 설치구성하게 되는데, That is, in the filtration device proposed in the present invention, as shown in FIG. 1, the filter housing 2 is installed in the reactor 101, and then the suction pump 31, the hydraulic system 33, and the solenoid valve 32 are disposed thereon. A discharge pipe 3 connected to the installation, a concentrated water discharge pipe 41 to which the solenoid valve 42 is connected, an air injection pipe 4 to which the solenoid valve 4 'is connected, and a compressed air storage tank 51 and a solenoid Compressed air inlet pipe (5) is connected to the valve 52 is configured, respectively

이때 상기 필터하우징(1)은 그 내부로 격벽(11)을 일체,마련하여 필터하우징(1) 내부 상,하측에 처리수배출공간(12)과 폐수유입공간(13)을 각각 구분되게 마련하여 주므로, At this time, the filter housing 1 is integrally provided with the partition 11 into the inside of the filter housing 1, so that the treatment water discharge space 12 and the waste water inflow space 13 are separately provided. As you give,

상기 필터하우징(1) 상부로 설치되는 배출관(3)과 공기주입관(4) 및 압축공 기주입관(5)은 필터하우징(1) 내부의 처리수배출공간(12)과 연통되게 설치구성시키고, The discharge pipe (3) and the air injection pipe (4) and the compressed air injection pipe (5) which is installed above the filter housing (1) is installed in communication with the treated water discharge space 12 inside the filter housing (1) ,

상기 농축수배출관(41)은 필터하우징(1)의 격벽(11)을 관통시켜 그 하측에 마련된 폐수유입관(13)과 연통되도록 구성시켜 준다.The concentrated water discharge pipe 41 is configured to pass through the partition wall 11 of the filter housing 1 so as to communicate with the waste water inlet pipe 13 provided below.

또한 상기 필터하우징(1) 내부에 설치된 격벽(11)에는 그 하측면으로 표면에 구멍이 형성된 통상적인 침지형필터(2)를 다수개 연결설치하여 상기 침지형필터(2)내부와 필터하우징(1)의 처리수배출공간(12)이 상호 연통되도록 구성한다.In addition, the partition 11 installed inside the filter housing 1 is connected to a plurality of conventional immersion type filters (2) having a hole formed on the lower side thereof, and the inside of the immersion type filter (2) and the filter housing (1). The treated water discharge space 12 is configured to communicate with each other.

따라서, 상기와 같이 구성된 본 고안을 이용하여 반응기(101)내에 저장된 폐수를 처리할 경우 먼저 생물학적 처리공정은 일반적으로 미생물을 이용한 처리공정이므로 그 상세한 설명은 생략한다.Therefore, when treating wastewater stored in the reactor 101 by using the present invention configured as described above, since the biological treatment process is generally a treatment process using microorganisms, the detailed description thereof will be omitted.

그러므로 상기 생물학적 처리공정이 끝나면 도 2와 같이 상기 배출관(3)과 연결된 흡입펌프(31)를 작동시킴과 동시에 그 해당 솔레노이드밸브(32)를 개방하고 또 그 일측에 마련된 농축수배출관(41)의 해당 솔레노이드밸브(42)를 개방시킨다.Therefore, when the biological treatment process is completed, as shown in FIG. 2, the suction pump 31 connected to the discharge pipe 3 is operated, and at the same time, the solenoid valve 32 is opened and the concentrated water discharge pipe 41 provided at one side thereof. The solenoid valve 42 is opened.

그러면 상기 필터하우징(1)의 폐수유입공간(13)에 유입되어져 있는 폐수가 흡입펌프(31)의 흡입력에 의해 다수개의 침지형필터(2)를 거쳐 필터하우징(1)의 내부 상측에 마려된 처리수배출공간(12)으로 유입되고 그와 동시에 배출관(3)을 따라 외부로 배출이 이루어 지게 되는데,Then, the wastewater flowing into the wastewater inflow space 13 of the filter housing 1 is finished through the plurality of immersion type filters 2 by the suction force of the suction pump 31 and then finished inside the filter housing 1. It is introduced into the water discharge space 12 and at the same time is discharged to the outside along the discharge pipe (3),

이때 상기 침지형필터(2)에서는 폐수에 함유된 오염물질이나 이물질을 걸러 여과시켜 주므로 그 여과된 처리수만이 배출관(3)을 통해 외부로 배출되도록 하여 준다.In this case, the submerged filter 2 filters out contaminants or foreign substances contained in the waste water, thereby allowing only the filtered treated water to be discharged to the outside through the discharge pipe 3.

또한 상기 폐수의 여과시 필터하우징(1)에 설치된 농축수배출관(41)에서는 일정 세기의 공기를 계속적으로 주입하여 농축수배출관(41)일측에 연결설치된 이송관(41')으로 공기가 역류되게 하므로 필터하우징(1)의 폐수유입공간(13)에 위치한 폐수를 필터하우징(1) 외부로 배출시키게 된다.In addition, when the waste water is filtered, the concentrated water discharge pipe 41 installed in the filter housing 1 continuously injects air of a predetermined strength so that the air flows back into the transfer pipe 41 'connected to one side of the concentrated water discharge pipe 41. Therefore, the wastewater located in the wastewater inflow space 13 of the filter housing 1 is discharged to the outside of the filter housing 1.

이는 상기 농축수배출관(41)의 끝단이 필터하우징(1)의 폐수유입공간(13) 내에 위치하고 있으므로 농축수배출관(41)을 통해 유입된 공기가 물의 압력에 의해 폐수유입공간(13)으로 배출되지 못하고 그와 연결된 농축수배출관(41)의 이송관(41')으로 배출되어 지면서 폐수유입공간(13)내의 폐수를 함께 배출시키게 되는 것으로, 이때 상기 폐수유입공간(13)내의 폐수를 배출시키게 하는 이유는, 폐수의 여과과정을 장시간 실시할 경우 침지형필터(2)에 의해 걸러진 이물질과 오염물질이 폐수유입공간(13) 내에 다량 잔류하면서 농축되어지므로 이와 같은 농축수를 필터하우징(1)외부로 배출시켜 침지형필터(2)의 여과효과를 높일 수 있도록 하기 위함이다.This is because the end of the concentrated water discharge pipe 41 is located in the waste water inlet space 13 of the filter housing 1, the air introduced through the concentrated water discharge pipe 41 is discharged to the waste water inlet space 13 by the pressure of water. It is not discharged to the wastewater inlet space 13 while being discharged to the transport pipe (41 ') of the concentrated water discharge pipe 41 connected to it, at this time to discharge the wastewater in the wastewater inlet space (13) The reason for this is that when the filtration process of the wastewater is carried out for a long time, foreign substances and contaminants filtered out by the immersion filter 2 are concentrated while remaining in the wastewater inflow space 13, so that the concentrated water is filtered outside the housing of the filter housing (1). This is to increase the filtration effect of the immersion filter (2) by discharging as.

그리고 상기와 같이 발생하게 되는 농축수는 농축수배출관(41)에서 공기를 주입시키지 않아도 반응기(101)하부의 산기관(102')에서 공급되는 공기가 필터하우징(1)내부에 유입되어 부상하면서 상기와 같이 농축수를 자연적으로 이송관(41')을 통해 필터하우징(1)외주로 배출시키므로 농축수배출관(41)에서 공기를 주입하는 것은 농축수의 배출량 조절시 선택적으로 사용할 수 있도록 하기 위함이다.In the concentrated water generated as described above, the air supplied from the diffuser 102 'under the reactor 101 is introduced into the filter housing 1 without being infused with air from the concentrated water discharge pipe 41. Since the concentrated water is naturally discharged to the outside of the filter housing 1 through the transport pipe 41 'as described above, injecting air from the concentrated water discharge pipe 41 is to be used selectively when adjusting the discharge of the concentrated water. to be.

또한 상기와 같이 폐수의 여과과정이 장기간 반복적으로 실시되면, 상기 필터하우징(1) 내부의 침지형필터(2) 표면으로 다량의 오염물질과 이물질이 침적되어 종래와 같은 케이크층이 발생하게 되므로 침지형필터(2)의 구멍(21)을 막아 폐수의 여과효율을 떨어뜨리게 되는 문제를 일으킨다.In addition, if the filtration process of wastewater is repeatedly performed as described above, a large amount of contaminants and foreign substances are deposited on the surface of the immersion filter (2) inside the filter housing (1), so that a cake layer as in the prior art is generated. Blocking the hole 21 in (2) causes a problem of lowering the filtration efficiency of the wastewater.

이 경우 배출관(3)을 통해 배출되는 처리수의 배출압이 현저히 저하되므로 이를 본 고안에서는 배출관(3)에 설치된 압력계(33)로 체크하여 일정값 이하로 떨어지면, In this case, since the discharge pressure of the treated water discharged through the discharge pipe (3) is significantly lowered, in the present design, by checking with a pressure gauge (33) installed in the discharge pipe (3) falls below a certain value,

배출관(3)에 설치된 해당 솔레노이드밸브(32)를 닫아 처리수의 배출을 중지시킴과 동시에 공기주입관(4)에 설치된 해당 솔레노이드밸브(4')를 개방하여 공기를 강제로 필터하우징(1)의 처리수배출공간(12)에 주입시켜 침지형필터(2)를 거쳐 폐수유입공간(13)으로 주입한다.Closing the solenoid valve 32 installed in the discharge pipe 3 stops the discharge of the treated water, and simultaneously opens the corresponding solenoid valve 4 'installed in the air inlet pipe 4 to forcibly filter air (1). Injected into the treated water discharge space 12 of the wastewater inlet space 13 through the immersion filter (2).

그러면, 상기 공기유입관(4)을 통해 강제주입된 공기는 필터하우징(1)의 처 리수배출공간(12)과 침지형필터(2) 내부를 거쳐 폐수유입공간(13)내에 다량 저장되면서 그 내에 유입되어져 있는 폐수를 필터하우징(1) 하부로 밀어 배출시키게 된다. Then, the air forcedly injected through the air inlet pipe 4 is stored in the waste water inlet space 13 through the treated water discharge space 12 and the submerged filter 2 of the filter housing 1 and stored therein. The wastewater introduced is pushed to the bottom of the filter housing 1 to be discharged.

또한 상기와 같이 필터하우징(1)의 폐수유입공간(13) 내에 위치하였던 폐수가 도 3 에서와 같이 강제주입된 공기에 의해 필터하우징(1) 외부로 밀려 완전배출되면, 그와 동시에 압축공기주입관(5)과 연결된 해당 솔레노이드밸브(52)를 개방하여 압축공기저장통(51)내에 저장된 압축공기를 필터하우징(1)의 처리수배출공간(12)과 연통된 각각의 침지형필터(2) 내부로 강하게 순간주입시켜, 침지형필터(2) 표면에 침적되어 고착된 다량의 이물질을 고압으로 순간주입된 공기로 제거하여 준다.In addition, when the wastewater located in the wastewater inflow space 13 of the filter housing 1 is discharged to the outside of the filter housing 1 by forced injection as shown in FIG. Open the corresponding solenoid valve 52 connected to the pipe (5) inside each of the immersion filter (2) in communication with the treated water discharge space (12) of the filter housing (1) compressed air stored in the compressed air reservoir (51) By instantaneous strong injection, a large amount of foreign matter deposited and fixed on the surface of the immersion filter 2 is removed by the instant injection air at high pressure.

위와 같이 본 고안은 폐수처리장치의 장기간 반복사용으로 인해 침지형필터표면에 다량의 오염물질과 이물질이 침적될 경우 압축공기를 침지형필터내부에 순간적으로 강제주입시켜 침지형 표면에 침적된 이물질을 신속히 제거케 한 다음 상기와 같은 폐수여과과정을 반복 실시토록 하는 것으로 단시간내에 보다 많은 양의 작업을 연속적으로 실시할 수 있는 장점을 가지게 된다.As described above, the present invention is to rapidly remove the foreign matter deposited on the immersion type surface by instantaneous forced injection of compressed air into the immersion type filter when a large amount of contaminants and foreign substances are deposited on the immersion type filter surface due to the long-term repeated use of the wastewater treatment system. Then, the wastewater filtration process as described above is repeatedly performed, which has the advantage that a larger amount of work can be continuously performed in a short time.

또 본 고안에서는 상기 필터하우징(1)의 격판(11) 하측면으로 연결설치되는 침지형필터(2)를 대신하여 지그재그형상으로 성형된 다수개의 지지판(61) 외주로 부직포(62)을 각각 씌운 다음 이들을 고정대(63) 내부에 마련된 끼움공(64)에 각기 끼움결합시켜서된 부직포필터(6)를 연결설치하여 사용할 수도 있다.In addition, in the present invention, the nonwoven fabric 62 is covered with the outer circumference of the plurality of support plates 61 formed in a zigzag shape instead of the immersion type filter 2 connected to the bottom surface of the diaphragm 11 of the filter housing 1. It is also possible to connect and install these nonwoven fabric filters 6 by fitting them to the fitting holes 64 provided inside the fixing table 63, respectively.

이 경우 침지형필터(2)에 비해 그 제작비용이 매우 저렴할 뿐 아니라 다수개의 부직포(62)를 한조로 구성케 하므로 그 여과효율이 증가되는 이점을 제공하게 된다.In this case, the manufacturing cost is very low compared to the immersion filter 2, and the nonwoven fabric 62 is composed of one set, thereby providing an advantage of increasing the filtration efficiency.

이상 본 고안을 오,폐수처리장치에 설치한 예로 설명하였으나, 본 고안은 개별 설치작동이 가능한 것으로, 정수장치 및 오,폐수처리장치 그리고 집수조와 같은 각종 수처리장치에 위와 같이 설치구성하여 여과작업을 수행할 수 있으므로 그 기대되는 효과가 크다 할 것이다.Although the present invention has been described as an example in which the wastewater treatment device is installed, the present invention is capable of individual installation and operation as described above in various water treatment devices such as a water purification device, a wastewater treatment device, and a collection tank. The expected effect would be great because it can be done.

이상에서 설명한 바와 같이 본 고안은 폐수처리시 침지형필터에 다량 침적되는 이물질을 압축공기로 보다 신속하고 용이하게 제거하여 폐수처리효율을 극대화 시킴은 물론 그 작업을 연속적으로 실시토록 하여 단시간내에 보다 많은 양의 작업을 수행할 수 있게 하여 주고, 나아가 종래에 침지형 여과공정의 가장 큰 단점이었던 이물질의 침적에 따른 필터의 막힘을 해소하여 주므로 폐수의 여과량이 증대되어 그 장치의 소량화를 꾀할 수 있는 이점을 제공하게 되는 것이다.As described above, the present invention maximizes the wastewater treatment efficiency by removing the foreign matter deposited in the immersion filter rapidly and easily in the compressed water more quickly and easily, as well as allowing the operation to be carried out continuously in a short time. It is possible to perform the operation of the filter, and further eliminates the clogging of the filter due to the deposition of foreign matter, which has been the biggest disadvantage of the conventional immersion type filtration process, so that the amount of filtration of the wastewater is increased, thereby reducing the amount of the device. Will be provided.

Claims (2)

하부가 개방되어져 있는 필터하우징(1) 내부 일정위치에 다수개의 끼움돌부(11')를 가지는 격벽(11)을 설치하여 필터하우징(1) 내부 상,하측에 처리수배출공간(12)과 폐수유입공간(13)가 각각 마련되도록 하고,A partition 11 having a plurality of fitting protrusions 11 'is installed at a predetermined position in the filter housing 1 having the lower portion open, and the treatment water discharge space 12 and the waste water are disposed above and below the filter housing 1, respectively. Inflow space 13 to be provided respectively, 상기 격벽(11) 하측면으로는 통상의 침지형필터(2)를 끼움돌부(11')에 다수개 설치하여 침지형필터(2) 내부와 필터하우징(1)의 처리수배출공간(12)이 연통되게 구성하며,In the lower side of the partition 11, a plurality of ordinary immersion filter 2 is installed in the fitting protrusion 11 'so that the inside of the immersion filter 2 and the treated water discharge space 12 of the filter housing 1 communicate with each other. To make it easier 상기 필터하우징(1) 상부로는 흡입펌프(31)와 압력계(33) 및 솔레노이드밸브(32)가 순차적으로 연결구성된 배출관(3)과, 솔레노이드밸브(42)가 설치되고 그 일측으로 이송관(41')이 마련된 농축수배출관(41), 그리고 솔레노이드밸브(4')가 연결구성된 공기주입관(4), 및 압축공기저장탱크(51)와 솔레노이드밸브(52)가 연결구성된 압축공기주입관(5)을 각각 연결하여 설치구성하되, The upper part of the filter housing (1), the suction pipe 31, the pressure gauge 33 and the solenoid valve 32 is connected to the discharge pipe (3) configured in sequence, the solenoid valve 42 is installed and the transfer pipe (one side) 41 ') is provided with a concentrated water discharge pipe 41, and the air inlet pipe 4 is connected to the solenoid valve (4'), and the compressed air injection pipe is connected to the compressed air storage tank 51 and the solenoid valve 52 (5) to connect and configure each, 상기 배출관(3)과 압축공기주입관(5) 및 공기주입관(4)은 필터하우징(1) 내부의 처리수배출공간(12)과 연통되게 필터하우징(1)상부에 설치구성하고, 상기 농축수배출관(41)은 필터하우징(1)의 격벽(11)을 관통하여 폐수유입공간(13)과 연통되도록 설치구성하여서 됨을 특징으로 하는 수처리용 침지형여과장치.The discharge pipe (3), the compressed air injection pipe (5) and the air injection pipe (4) is installed on the filter housing (1) in communication with the treated water discharge space (12) inside the filter housing (1) The concentrated water discharge pipe (41) is an immersion type filter for water treatment, characterized in that it is configured to pass through the partition wall (11) of the filter housing (1) to communicate with the wastewater inflow space (13). 제 1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1, 상기 필터하우징(1)의 격판(11) 하측면으로, 지그재그형상으로 성형된 다수개의 지지판(61) 외주로 부직포(62)을 씌운 다음 상기 지지판(61)을 고정대 (63)내부의 끼움공(64)에 각각 끼움결합시켜서 된 하나 이상의 부직포필터(6)를 연결설치하여서 됨을 특징으로 하는 수처리용 침지형여과장치.The non-woven fabric 62 is covered by the periphery of the support plate 61 formed in a zigzag shape on the lower surface of the diaphragm 11 of the filter housing 1, and then the support plate 61 is fitted into the fixing plate 63. 64) Immersion type filtration apparatus for water treatment, characterized in that by connecting one or more non-woven filter (6) by fitting to each other.
KR2020060008708U 2006-04-03 2006-04-03 Water filter apparatus of submerged type KR200420112Y1 (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101734120B1 (en) * 2013-02-18 2017-05-12 주식회사 아모그린텍 Filter Media and Method for manufacturing thereof, and Filter Apparatus using the Same
KR20190071239A (en) 2017-12-14 2019-06-24 디에이치테크 주식회사 Cassette type filter device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101734120B1 (en) * 2013-02-18 2017-05-12 주식회사 아모그린텍 Filter Media and Method for manufacturing thereof, and Filter Apparatus using the Same
KR20190071239A (en) 2017-12-14 2019-06-24 디에이치테크 주식회사 Cassette type filter device

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