KR200413594Y1 - Embankment block - Google Patents

Embankment block Download PDF

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Publication number
KR200413594Y1
KR200413594Y1 KR2020060002288U KR20060002288U KR200413594Y1 KR 200413594 Y1 KR200413594 Y1 KR 200413594Y1 KR 2020060002288 U KR2020060002288 U KR 2020060002288U KR 20060002288 U KR20060002288 U KR 20060002288U KR 200413594 Y1 KR200413594 Y1 KR 200413594Y1
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South Korea
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block
protrusions
projections
revetment
friendly
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KR2020060002288U
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Korean (ko)
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조중완
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대성산업(주)
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/12Revetment of banks, dams, watercourses, or the like, e.g. the sea-floor
    • E02B3/14Preformed blocks or slabs for forming essentially continuous surfaces; Arrangements thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G2013/006Protecting plants with perforations

Abstract

본 고안은 직육면체이며, 상부(1)에 형성된 다수개의 상부돌출부(2)와, 상부돌출부(2)사이에 설치되며 상하부로 관통된 다수개의 관통공(3)과, 상기 측면에 형성된 두개의 전후면요홈부(11)와 상기 두개의 전후면요홈부(11) 사이에 돌출된 전후면돌부(10)로 구성되며, 좌우측면에는 두개의 측면돌부(10-1)사이에 형성된 측면요홈부(11-1)와, 모서리에는 연결고리(13)가 구비되며, 경사지게 형성된 모서리부(12)로 구성된 환경친화적인 호안블록의 구조에 관한 것이다. The present invention is a rectangular parallelepiped, a plurality of upper protrusions (2) formed in the upper portion (1), a plurality of through holes (3) installed between the upper protrusions (2) and penetrated up and down, and two front and rear formed on the side Consists of the front and rear surface projections (10) protruding between the surface grooves 11 and the two front and rear grooves 11, the side grooves formed between the two side projections (10-1) on the left and right sides. 1) and the corner is provided with a connecting ring 13, and relates to the structure of an environmentally friendly revetment block composed of the inclined corner portion 12.

환경친화, 생태계, 호안블록, 수로, 축대, 호안, 통공, 돌기 Environment-Friendly, Ecosystem, Revetment Blocks, Waterways, Farms, Reveters, Through Holes, Projections

Description

환경친화적 호안블록{Embankment block}Environmentally Friendly Shore Blocks {Embankment block}

도1 본 고안의 호안블록 전체도.1 is an overall view of the relief block of the present invention.

도2 본 고안의 호안블록 평면 상세도.Figure 2 is a detailed plan of the revetment block plan of the present invention.

도3 본 고안의 호안블록 저면 상세도.Figure 3 is a detailed view of the bottom surface of the revetment block of the present invention.

도4 본 고안의 호안블록 측면 상세도.Figure 4 is a detailed view of the revetment block side of the present invention.

도면의 부호 설명Explanation of symbols in the drawings

상부(1), 상부돌출부(2), 관통홈(3), 전후면돌부(10), 측면돌부(10-1), 측면요홈부(11-1), 모서리부(12), 연결고리(13)Upper part (1), upper projection (2), through grooves (3), front and rear projections (10), side projections (10-1), side recesses (11-1), corners (12), connecting ring ( 13)

본 고안은 하천 및 강등의 수로, 다목적 댐, 저수지의 경사면 및 하상을 구축하는 환경친화적 호안블록에 관한 것으로서, 상세히 설명하면, 유속이 강한 곳에도 시공하여 호안블록이 급류에 떠내려가지 않도록 하기 위하여 육각형의 형상으로 상부에 다수개의 자연현상으로 돌출된 돌출부와 상하부로 관통공을 많이 형성하여 상기 통공에 식물이 자라도록 하는 공극률을 상승시킨 구조를 개량한 안정적이며 환경친화적인 호안블록에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to an environmentally friendly shoreline block for constructing rivers and retreats, multipurpose dams, slopes of reservoirs, and riverbeds. In detail, construction is performed in places where the flow velocity is strong so that the shoreline block does not float in rapids. The present invention relates to a stable and environmentally-friendly revetment block having an improved structure of increasing the porosity for plant growth in the through hole by forming a plurality of protrusions and upper and lower protrusions protruding into a plurality of natural phenomena in the upper portion.

종래에는 통상의 블록을 사용하였거나, 직육면체형상이나 사면체의 판형 호안블록을 사용하여 왔으나, 폭우에 의해 물이 불어나 하천의 호안 경사면이나 수중 바닥면에 시공된 종래의 호안블록들은 쉽게 떠내려가는 문제점을 해결하고자 많은 연구가 있어 왔다.Conventionally, a conventional block or a rectangular octagonal or tetrahedral plate-shaped revetment block has been used, but the conventional revetment blocks installed on the slope of the river or on the water surface due to heavy rains are easily floated. There have been many studies to solve.

또한, 기존의 하천 정비 형태는 단순히 홍수피해를 경감시킬 목적으로 하천구조의 변화에 주안점을 두고 추진되어 시멘트계 호안블록이나 석축, 콘크리트 옹벽 등으로 하천을 정비하여 왔다.In addition, the existing river maintenance type has been promoted with the focus on the change of river structure to simply reduce flood damage, and has maintained rivers with cement-based revetment blocks, masonry, and concrete retaining walls.

시멘트계 호안블록이나 석축, 콘크리트 옹벽 등을 이용한 하천정비는 내구적, 경제적인 측면에서는 일면 유리한 점이 있었으나, 결과적으로 하천을 단순히 수로화 하는 기현상을 가져왔고, 하천부지와 하천을 콘크리트로 차단하여 하천 생태계의 단절과 고수부지의 생태환경 파괴, 자연미의 손상, 하천정화능력의 상실등 환경적 측면에서 대단한 악영향을 초래하여 환경파괴라는 기상이변을 가져왔고, 뒤늦게나마 사람과 자연이 공존 공생하며 살아야 한다는 것을 인식하게 되면서 미약하나마 자연형 하천을 표방하는 시공법들이 대두되었다.The maintenance of rivers using cement-based raft blocks, stone blocks, and concrete retaining walls had advantages in terms of durability and economics, but as a result, rivers were simply channeled into rivers. It caused severe adverse effects on the environmental aspects such as the disruption of forests, destruction of the ecological environment of the coriander site, damage of natural beauty, loss of river purification ability, and caused the extreme weather of environmental destruction, and it was not until late that people and nature must coexist and live together. As it became aware, construction methods to represent the weakest natural streams have emerged.

자연형 하천을 지향하는 공법 중 순수식생 공법은 하천의 자연 상태에 가장 적합하나, 하천의 특성 및 토양의 특성에 따른 적합한 식물종의 선정이 어렵고 치수 및 이수의 기능면에서 홍수소통 단면적의 감소, 조도계수의 증가, 홍수시 소류력에 의한 식물 및 호안의 유실 가능성 등 단점을 안고 있다.Pure vegetation method is the most suitable method for natural stream, but it is difficult to select suitable plant species according to the characteristics of the river and soil, and it is possible to reduce the flood communication cross-sectional area in terms of dimensions and function, There are disadvantages such as the increase of the roughness coefficient and the possibility of the loss of vegetation and shores due to convective force during flooding.

국내등록실용신안공보 등록번호 제20-163470호에는 식물을 식재하기 위한 식생토로 채워지는 식재부가 상부면에 형성되고, 저면에는 배수공과 뿌리 내림공이 형성되며, 최소한 한 측면에는 상기 식재된 식물의 뿌리가 성장되는 통로를 제공하는 연결공이 형성된 몸체로 구성된 자연형 호안블록이 기재되어 있으며, In Korean Registered Utility Model Publication No. 20-163470, a planting part filled with vegetation soil for planting plants is formed on the upper surface, a drainage hole and a root downhole are formed on the bottom surface, and at least one side of the root of the planted plant It describes a natural revetment block consisting of a body formed with a connection hole for providing a passage through which

대한민국등록실용신안공보 등록번호 제20-0174866호에는 호안블록의 표면에 일정 깊이를 갖는 구멍을 뚫어주고 상기 구멍 내측에 저면과 관통되는 배수구멍을 뚫어주는 호안블록이 기재되어 있고,Korean Registered Utility Model Publication No. 20-0174866 describes a raft block that drills a hole having a certain depth on the surface of the raft block, and drills a bottom and a drainage hole through the inside of the hole,

국내등록특허공보 등록번호 제177035호에는 자갈등 굵은 골재를 시멘트와 물 및 수지를 혼재하여 블록화한 것으로 상부에 구멍과 하부에 보다 협소해진 구멍을 갖는 투수성 관체로 형성하되 하부 단의 내면에 테이퍼부를 형성한 식생 가능한 투수성 호안블록이 기재되어 있으나, In Korean Registered Patent Publication No. 177035, a thick aggregate such as gravel is formed by mixing cement, water, and resin, and formed into a permeable tube having a hole in the upper part and a narrower hole in the lower part, but tapered on the inner surface of the lower end. Although the vegetation-permeable water-repellent seablock which formed the part is described,

상기 종래의 기술들은 공극률이 적어 식물이 자라 자연과 조화롭고, 홍수 등의 침범되거나, 유속이 빠른 곳에 사용시에는 상기 호안블록의 저면에 유속이 급격히 강하게 되어 유실되는 문제점을 해결하지 못하고 있어 왔다. The conventional techniques have not solved the problem that the vegetation grows in harmony with nature due to low porosity, is invaded by a flood, or when the flow velocity is high, and the flow velocity rapidly decreases at the bottom of the raft block.

상기와 같은 문제점을 해소하기 위하여, 본 고안은 공극률을 상승시키기 위하여, 통공과 테두리에 요홈부를 설치하여 시공시 공극률을 많이 형성되게 하였으며, 블록상부에 다수개의 돌기를 형성하고, 시공시 이웃하는 또다른 블록에 견고하게 시공하여 급류에 유동되지 않도록 견고하고 안정적으로 하천 및 강등의 수로, 다목적 댐, 저수지의 경사면을 구축하는 환경친화적 호안블록을 제공하는 것을 그 목적으로 하는 것이다.In order to solve the above problems, in order to increase the porosity, the present invention is provided with a groove portion in the through hole and the rim to form a large number of porosity during construction, to form a plurality of protrusions on the block, the neighboring during construction Its purpose is to provide eco-friendly revetment blocks that can be constructed firmly on other blocks to ensure stable flow of rivers and reinforcements, multi-purpose dams and reservoirs so as not to flow to the rapids.

상기와 같은 목적을 달성하기 위하여, 본 고안은 견고하고 안정적으로 하천 및 강등 수로, 다목적 댐, 저수지의 경사면을 구축하는 환경친화적 호안블록에 관한 것으로서, 직육면체이며, 상부(1)에 형성된 다수개의 상부돌출부(2)와, 상기 상부돌출부(2)사이에 설치되며 상하부로 관통된 다수개의 관통공(3)과, 상기 측면에 형성된 두개의 전후면요홈부(11)와 상기 두개의 전후면요홈부(11) 사이에 돌출된 전후면돌부(10)로 구성되며, 좌우측면에는 두개의 측면돌부(10-1)사이에 형성된 측면요홈부(11-1)와, 모서리에는 연결고리(13)가 구비되며, 경사지게 형성된 모서리부(12)로 구성된 환경친화적인 호안블록의 구조에 관한 것이다.In order to achieve the above object, the present invention relates to an environmentally friendly revetment block for constructing the slopes of rivers and relegation waterways, multi-purpose dams, reservoirs steadily and stably, a rectangular parallelepiped, a plurality of upper formed on the upper (1) A plurality of through holes 3 installed between the protrusions 2 and the upper protrusions 2 and penetrating up and down, two front and rear recesses 11 formed on the side surfaces, and two front and rear recesses 11. Consists of the front and rear projections 10 between the protruding between, side grooves 11-1 formed between the two side projections 10-1 on the left and right sides, and the connection ring 13 is provided at the corner. Regarding the structure of the environmentally-friendly revetment block composed of the inclined corner portion 12.

본 고안의 환경친화적인 호안블록은 공극률을 향상시켜, 통공에 식물이 자랄 수 있게 하여, 식물이나 수초가 재배될 수 있는 환경을 조성하며, 보는 사람에게 자연스러운 안정감을 주며, 수면하부에서는 천연이끼 및 수초들이 자랄 수 있도록 하여 전체적으로 콘크리트 표면이 보이지 않아 자연친화적인 효과가 있는 것이다. The eco-friendly revetment block of the present invention improves the porosity, allows the plant to grow in the through hole, creates an environment where plants or plants can be grown, gives a natural sense of stability to the viewer, and natural moss and By allowing plants to grow, the entire surface of the concrete is invisible, so there is a natural effect.

상기 환경친화적인 호안블록은 상하부 측면부에 홈이 형성된 연결고리에 의해 시공시 인접한 환경친화적인 호안블록들의 결합을 견고하고 단단하게 지지하며, 상기 호안블록들의 상호간에 미끄러져 이탈되지 않도록 하는 것이다.The eco-friendly revetment block firmly and firmly supports the bonding of adjacent environmentally-friendly revetment blocks during construction by a groove formed in the upper and lower side surfaces thereof, and prevents the detachment of the revetment blocks by slipping between them.

양측면부에는 요홈부 및 돌출부를 형성하였다.Grooves and protrusions were formed on both side portions.

이하 도면을 참고하여 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다.When described in detail with reference to the drawings as follows.

도1 본 고안의 호안블록 전체도, 도2 본 고안의 호안블록 평면 상세도, 도3 본 고안의 호안블록 저면 상세도, 도4 본 고안의 호안블록 측면 상세도를 도시한 것이며, 상부(1), 상부돌출부(2), 관통홈(3), 전후면돌부(10), 측면돌부(10-1), 측면요홈부(11-1), 모서리부(12), 연결고리(13)를 나타낸 것임을 알 수 있다.Figure 1 is a schematic view of the whole revetment block of the present invention, Figure 2 detailed plan of the revetment block of the present invention, Figure 3 is a detailed bottom view of the revetment block of the present invention, Figure 4 is a detailed view of the side of the revetment block of the present invention, ), The upper projection (2), the through groove (3), front and rear projections (10), side projections (10-1), side recesses (11-1), corners (12), ring (13) It can be seen that.

구성을 살펴보면 본 고안의 호안블록은 도1내지 도4에 도시된 바와 같이, 직육면체이며, 상부(1)에 형성된 다수개의 상부돌출부(2)와, 상기 상부돌출부(2)사이에 설치되며 상하부로 관통된 다수개의 관통공(3)과, 상기 측면에 형성된 두개의 전후면요홈부(11)와 상기 두개의 전후면요홈부(11) 사이에 돌출된 전후면돌부(10)로 구성되며, 좌우측면에는 두개의 측면돌부(10-1)사이에 형성된 측면요홈부(11-1)와, 모서리에는 연결고리(13)가 구비되며, 경사지게 형성된 모서리부(12)로 구성된 환경친화적인 호안블록의 구조에 관한 것이다.Looking at the configuration as shown in Figures 1 to 4, the revetment block is a rectangular parallelepiped, it is installed between the plurality of upper protrusions 2 and the upper protrusions 2 formed on the upper portion 1, the upper and lower parts It consists of a plurality of through holes 3, two front and rear recesses 11 formed on the side and the front and rear projections 10 protruded between the two front and rear recesses 11, the left and right sides The side groove portion 11-1 formed between the two side protrusions 10-1, and the connecting ring 13 is provided at the corners, and the structure of the environment-friendly revetment block composed of the inclined corner portion 12 It is about.

사용상태를 설명하면, 본 고안의 환경진화적 호안블록과 이웃하는 다른 환경친화적 호안블록을 설치하여, 측면에 형성된 모서리부(12)의 연결고리(13)로 연결시켜 시공하고, 상기와 같은 동작을 반복하여 시공하는 것이다.When explaining the state of use, by installing the environmentally-friendly revetment block of the present invention and the neighboring environmentally-friendly revetment block, the construction by connecting to the connection ring 13 of the edge portion 12 formed on the side, the operation as described above This is to repeat the construction.

시공 시에는 상기 호안블록의 관통공(3)은 하부가 수로 바닥과 동일한 위치하게 시공할 경우, 어패류가 자연스럽게 출입할 수도 있으며, 나무와 풀, 수초 등이 자랄 수 있도록 설치하는 것이다.During construction, when the through-hole 3 of the raft block is constructed in the same position as the bottom of the waterway, fish and shellfish may naturally enter and exit, and is installed so that trees, grass, plants and the like can grow.

상기한 바와 같이 본 고안은 공극률을 향상시키기 위하여 많은 통공과, 테두리 부근에 요홈부를 형성시켜, 자연적인 느낌을 갖도록 하는 자연 친화적인 제품이 며, 하천 및 강등의 수로, 다목적 댐, 저수지의 경사지 등의 생태계를 파괴하지 않고 오히려 파괴된 생태환경을 복원하는 효과가 있고, 또한 상기 통공 및, 요홈부에 식물의 뿌리 내림이 좋아 법면이 안정되는 효과가 있으며, 생태계 전체를 배려한 동시에 지역주민과 보는 사람에게 안정을 주는 효과가 있는 것이다.As described above, the present invention is a natural-friendly product to create a natural feeling by forming a number of holes and grooves near the edges to improve the porosity, and the waterways of rivers and rivers, multipurpose dams, slopes of reservoirs, etc. Rather than destroying the ecosystem, rather than destroying the destroyed ecological environment, and also through the rooting of the vegetation in the hole and the grooves, the effect of stabilizing the law, and consider the entire ecosystem at the same time, It is effective to give stability to people.

Claims (1)

환경친화적인 호안블록에 있어서,In the environmentally friendly shore block, 직육면체이며, 상부(1)에 형성된 다수개의 상부돌출부(2)와, 상부돌출부(2)사이에 설치되며 상하부로 관통된 다수개의 관통공(3)과, 상기 측면에 형성된 두개의 전후면요홈부(11)와 상기 두개의 전후면요홈부(11) 사이에 돌출된 전후면돌부(10)로 구성되며, 좌우측면에는 두개의 측면돌부(10-1)사이에 형성된 측면요홈부(11-1)와, 모서리에는 연결고리(13)가 구비되며, 경사지게 형성된 모서리부(12)로 구성됨을 특징으로 하는 환경친화적인 호안블록.It is a rectangular parallelepiped, a plurality of upper protrusions 2 formed on the upper part 1, a plurality of through holes 3 installed between the upper protrusions 2 and penetrated up and down, and two front and rear recesses formed on the side surface ( 11) and the front and rear protrusions 10 protruding between the two front and rear recesses 11, and the side recesses 11-1 formed between the two side protrusions 10-1 on the left and right sides thereof. , The corner is provided with a connecting ring (13), environmentally friendly revetment block, characterized in that consisting of an inclined corner portion (12).
KR2020060002288U 2006-01-25 2006-01-25 Embankment block KR200413594Y1 (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100918780B1 (en) * 2009-05-07 2009-09-23 (주) 큰바위콘크리트 Vegetation revetment block manufacture mold and the vegetation revetment block

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100918780B1 (en) * 2009-05-07 2009-09-23 (주) 큰바위콘크리트 Vegetation revetment block manufacture mold and the vegetation revetment block

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