KR20040029353A - A smashing and compressive dehydrator of eating refuse - Google Patents

A smashing and compressive dehydrator of eating refuse Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20040029353A
KR20040029353A KR1020040018966A KR20040018966A KR20040029353A KR 20040029353 A KR20040029353 A KR 20040029353A KR 1020040018966 A KR1020040018966 A KR 1020040018966A KR 20040018966 A KR20040018966 A KR 20040018966A KR 20040029353 A KR20040029353 A KR 20040029353A
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
casing
crushing
compression
pipe
fixed
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020040018966A
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Korean (ko)
Inventor
김성곤
Original Assignee
김성곤
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Priority to KR1020040018966A priority Critical patent/KR20040029353A/en
Publication of KR20040029353A publication Critical patent/KR20040029353A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04BCENTRIFUGES
    • B04B1/00Centrifuges with rotary bowls provided with solid jackets for separating predominantly liquid mixtures with or without solid particles
    • B04B1/20Centrifuges with rotary bowls provided with solid jackets for separating predominantly liquid mixtures with or without solid particles discharging solid particles from the bowl by a conveying screw coaxial with the bowl axis and rotating relatively to the bowl
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/02Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material
    • B30B9/12Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using pressing worms or screws co-operating with a permeable casing
    • B30B9/14Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using pressing worms or screws co-operating with a permeable casing operating with only one screw or worm
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03CDOMESTIC PLUMBING INSTALLATIONS FOR FRESH WATER OR WASTE WATER; SINKS
    • E03C1/00Domestic plumbing installations for fresh water or waste water; Sinks
    • E03C1/12Plumbing installations for waste water; Basins or fountains connected thereto; Sinks
    • E03C1/26Object-catching inserts or similar devices for waste pipes or outlets
    • E03C1/266Arrangement of disintegrating apparatus in waste pipes or outlets; Disintegrating apparatus specially adapted for installation in waste pipes or outlets
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B3/00Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat
    • F26B3/02Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat by convection, i.e. heat being conveyed from a heat source to the materials or objects to be dried by a gas or vapour, e.g. air

Abstract

PURPOSE: An apparatus for crushing, pressing, dehydrating and drying garbage is provided which is easily assembled into sink, minimizes noise and vibration of motor composing a driving part, maximizes crushing, pressing, dehydrating and drying efficiencies and prevents release of malodor of the garbage during drying. CONSTITUTION: The apparatus is characterized in that an upper fixing pipe(11) and a lower fixing pipe(12) are fixed to an upper casing(2a) composing casing(2) with a packing(13) being interposed between the upper fixing pipe and the lower fixing pipe; several locking protrusions(12b) formed on the outer circumferential part of the lower fixing pipe are inserted into locking protrusions(14a) formed on the inner circumferential part of a fixed pipe(14) connected to an upper part of the upper casing so that the locking protrusions(12b) is rotationally connected to the locking protrusions(14a); an one directional expansion and contraction cap(15) capable of being opened to the lower side only is interposed between the lower fixing pipe and the fixed pipe; several locking protrusions(14b) formed on the lower inner circumferential part of the fixed pipe are inserted into locking protrusions(17) formed on the upper outer circumferential part of the upper casing so that the locking protrusions(14b) are rotationally connected to the locking protrusions(17); an overflow connection pipe part(18) is formed at one side of the upper casing; a male screw(20) formed on a lower part of the upper casing is connected to a female screw(19) formed on a separate fixed pipe(23) connected to a lower casing(2b); a discharge way(25) is formed at one side of a crushing part(5), and a plural fixing elements(26) are formed on the inner circumferential part of the crushing part; a rotation plate(28) to which a crushing hammer(29) is fixed is axially fixed onto a driving shaft(21a) of motor(21) on a driving part; a compression screw(30) is axially installed inside a filtering net(34) in a pressing and dehydrating part; a collecting box(37) is inserted into a dry casing(36), and a blowing fan(39) is installed at an upper lid(38) in a drying part(10); and a heater(43) is installed at a lower part of the blowing fan to heat air flown in.

Description

음식물쓰레기 파쇄 및 압축·탈수-건조장치{A smashing and compressive dehydrator of eating refuse}A smashing and compressive dehydrator of eating refuse}

본 발명은 음식물쓰레기 파쇄 및 압축·탈수-건조장치에 관한 것으로서, 더욱 상세히는 음식물쓰레기를 파쇄, 압축 및 탈수하고 최종적으로 미립자의 음식물쓰레기를 건조하여 퇴비 및 사료 등으로 사용할 수 있도록 한 음식물쓰레기 파쇄 및 압축·탈수-건조장치의 조립성 극대화 및 파쇄 및 압축·탈수 효율을 향상하며 건조 시에는 송풍을 행하여 건조토록 하여 건조효율도 향상시키며 더불어 악취가 공중으로 비산되는 것을 차단할 수 있도록 한 음식물쓰레기 파쇄 및 압축·탈수-건조장치를 제공코자 하는 것이다.The present invention relates to food waste shredding and compression, dehydration-drying apparatus, and more particularly, to shredding, compressing and dehydrating food waste, and finally to dry the food waste of the fine particles to use as compost and feed shredding And crushing and dehydration-drying device to maximize the assembly and crushing and improve the compression and dewatering efficiency, and when drying, blown to dry the food to improve the drying efficiency and to prevent odors from flying to the air crushing And a compression / dehydration-drying apparatus.

각종 음식물을 조리 및 식사 후 발생하는 음식물쓰레기 처리는 상당히 번거롭고 경비가 소요되는 작업이다.Food waste treatment after cooking and eating various foods is a cumbersome and costly operation.

즉, 음식물쓰레기는 싱크대의 배수구에 마련된 걸름망에 걸러서 배수되는 물과 분리시킨 다음 별도로 수거처리하고 있으나, 상기 걸름망에 의하여 추출되는 음식물쓰레기는 상당한 양의 수분을 포함하고 있기 때문에 부엌의 음식물쓰레기함이나 비밀봉지 등에 넣어두면 악취발생은 물론 각종 벌레, 고양이, 쥐, 세균번식의 온상이 되고 있다.In other words, the food waste is separated from the drained water by the strainer provided in the drain of the sink, and then collected separately. When kept in a secret bag, it is a breeding ground for various kinds of insects, cats, mice, and bacteria as well as odors.

이를 수일 모아 두었다가 수거하여 땅속에 묻을 경우에는 쉽게 부패되거나 유출되는 침출수에 의해 심한 악취를 발생하게 되므로 환경오염을 유발시키는 원인이 되며, 소각 시에는 작업시간이 상당히 오래 걸리고 비용이 많이 소요되는 문제점 등이 있었던 것이다.If it is collected several days and collected and buried in the ground, severe odor is caused by leachate that is easily decayed or leaked, which causes environmental pollution.Incineration takes a long time and costs a lot of work. This was there.

실제, 음식물쓰레기도 핵폐기물과 같이 매립 할 장소가 여의치 못하고, 소각시에는 비용부담 및 대기오염 등의 문제가 있어 음식물쓰레기 처리에 상당한 애로를 겪고 있는 실정이다.In fact, there is no place to bury food waste like nuclear waste, and when incinerated, there are problems such as cost burden and air pollution.

이에 본 발명자는 이와 같은 기존 음식물쓰레기 처리에 따르는 제반 문제점을 일소하기 위한 음식물쓰레기 탈수건조장치에 관하여 기히 선출원(출원번호: 20-2002-0020245)한 바 있으나, 상기 선출원 고안의 경우 다음과 같은 몇가지의 문제점을 안고 있었는 바, 이를 살펴 보면;Therefore, the present inventor has been filed for the food waste dehydration drying apparatus for eliminating all the problems caused by the existing food waste treatment (Application No .: 20-2002-0020245), but in the case of the design of the first application as follows: Had a problem with it;

우선, 선출원은 싱크대에 조립이 간편하지 못하여 조립 및 분해 등에 어려움이 있었고, 음식물쓰레기를 1차 파쇄할 시에 미립자로 균일하게 파쇄되지 못하여입자가 큰 음식물쓰레기가 압축·탈수부로 그대로 배출되어 파쇄효율이 저조하므로 건조도 용이하게 이루어지지 않는 문제점이 있었으며, 탈수효율의 저하, 건조 시 악취발생 등과 같은 다수의 문제점을 안고 있어, 이러한 문제점을 해결할 수 있는 음식물쓰레기 파쇄 및 압축·탈수-건조장치의 개발이 절실한 것이었다.First of all, the prior application was difficult to assemble and disassemble because it was not easy to assemble in the sink, and the food waste with large particles was discharged to the compression and dehydration part as it was not uniformly shredded when the food waste was first crushed. Due to this low level, there was a problem that drying is not easy, and there are a number of problems such as deterioration in dehydration efficiency and odor generation during drying, and development of food waste crushing and compression / dehydration-drying devices that can solve these problems. This was desperate.

이에 본 발명에서는 상기한 바와 같이 기존 음식물쓰레기 파쇄 및 압축·탈수-건조장치가 갖는 문제점을 해결할 수 있는 개선형의 음식물쓰레기 파쇄 및 압축·탈수-건조장치를 제공코자 하는 것으로서,Accordingly, the present invention is to provide an improved food waste shredding and compression, dehydration-drying apparatus that can solve the problems of the existing food waste shredding and compression, dehydration-drying device as described above,

본 발명은 특히 싱크대에 조립이 극히 용이하고, 구동부를 구성하는 모터의 소음 및 진동을 최소화할 수 있도록 하며, 더불어 파쇄 및 압축, 탈수, 건조 효율을 극대화 할 수 있도록 함과 동시에 건조 시에 악취가 비산되는 것을 차단토록 한 음식물쓰레기 파쇄 및 압축·탈수-건조장치를 제공함에 발명의 기술적 과제를 두고 본 발명을 완성한 것이다.The present invention is particularly easy to assemble in the sink, to minimize the noise and vibration of the motor constituting the drive unit, and also to maximize the crushing and compression, dehydration, drying efficiency and at the same time odor during drying The present invention has been completed in view of the technical problem of the present invention in providing food waste crushing and compression / dehydration-drying apparatus to prevent scattering.

도 1은 본 발명의 바람직한 일실시예를 보인 음식물쓰레기 파쇄 및 압축·탈1 is a food waste crushing and compression, desorption showing a preferred embodiment of the present invention

수-건조장치의 사시도Perspective view of water-dryer

도 2는 본 발명의 전체 내부 구성을 보인 단면도Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view showing the entire internal configuration of the present invention

도 3은 본 발명의 일요부를 발췌한 분해 사시도3 is an exploded perspective view extracting the main part of the present invention

도 4는 본 발명의 하부 케이싱 및 압축·탈수부, 건조부를 분해한 상태의 사Figure 4 is a state in which the lower casing and compression, dehydration portion, the dry portion of the present invention

시도try

도 5는 본 발명의 파쇄부상에 설치되는 고정커터와 회전판 부위를 발췌한 사Figure 5 is an extract of the fixed cutter and the rotating plate portion installed on the crushing portion of the present invention

시도try

도 6은 본 발명의 구동부와 압축·탈수부를 구성하는 압축스크류우를 발췌한6 is an extract of a compression screw constituting the drive unit and the compression and dehydration unit of the present invention.

사시도Perspective view

도 7은 본 발명의 건조부 중 뚜껑 부위를 발췌한 확대 단면도Figure 7 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the cap portion of the drying unit of the present invention

■ 도면의 주요부분에 사용된 부호의 설명 ■■ Explanation of symbols used in main part of drawing ■

1: 음식물쓰레기 파쇄 및 압축·탈수-건조장치2: 케이싱1: Food waste crushing, compression, dehydration-drying device 2: Casing

2a: 상부 케이싱2b: 하부 케이싱2a: upper casing 2b: lower casing

3: 싱크대4: 투입부3: sink 4: feeding part

5: 파쇄부6: 압축·탈수부5: crushing part 6: compression / dehydration part

7: 구동부8: 배수관7: drive unit 8: drain pipe

9: 하수관10: 건조부9: sewage pipe 10: drying part

11: 상부 고정관11a: 수나사11: Upper fixing tube 11a: Male thread

12: 하부 고정관12a: 암나사12: lower fixing tube 12a: female thread

12b: 걸림돌기13: 패킹12b: Bump 13: Packing

14: 고정관14a,14b: 걸림돌기14: fixing pipe 14a, 14b: locking projection

15: 신축캡16: 상부캡15: Expansion Cap 16: Upper Cap

17: 걸림돌기18: 접속관부17: engaging projection 18: connection pipe

19: 암나사20: 수나사19: Female thread 20: Male thread

21: 모터21a: 원동축21: motor 21a: drive shaft

22: 방진가스켓23: 고정관22: Dustproof gasket 23: Fixed tube

23a: 걸림환턱24: 걸림환턱23a: jamming jaw 24: jamming jaw

25: 배출로26: 고정편25: discharge path 26: fixed piece

27: 고정커터27a: 고정공27: fixed cutter 27a: fixed hole

27b: 커팅배출공28: 회전판27b: cutting discharge hole 28: rotating plate

29: 파쇄해머29a: 요철면29: crushing hammer 29a: uneven surface

30: 압축스크류우31: 종동축30: compression screw 31: driven shaft

32: 종동기어33: 감속기어유니트32: driven gear 33: reduction gear unit

34: 걸름망35: 수분함량조절링34: strainer 35: moisture content ring

36: 건조케이싱37: 수거함36: dry casing 37: collection bin

37a: 통기공38: 뚜껑37a: vent 38: lid

39: 송풍팬40: 공기유입공39: blower fan 40: air inlet hole

41: 체크밸브42: 공기배출관41: check valve 42: air exhaust pipe

43: 히터43: heater

도 1은 본 발명에서 제공하는 음식물쓰레기 파쇄 및 압축·탈수-건조장치(1)를 보인 구성블록도이며, 도 2는 본 발명의 요부를 발췌한 사시도 등으로서, 이들 도면과 함께 본 발명을 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다.1 is a block diagram showing a food waste crushing and compression, dehydration-drying apparatus 1 provided in the present invention, Figure 2 is a perspective view, etc., the main portion of the present invention, the present invention together with these drawings in detail The explanation is as follows.

본 발명에서 제공하는 음식물쓰레기 파쇄 및 압축·탈수-건조장치(1)는 도시한 바와 같이 케이싱(2) 상부에는 싱크대(3)의 배수공과 연결되는 투입부(4)가 형성되고, 상기 투입부(4)의 하부에는 투입되는 음식물쓰레기를 1차로 파쇄할 수 있는 파쇄부(5)가 설치된다.In the food waste crushing and compression / dehydration-drying apparatus 1 provided in the present invention, as shown, an input part 4 connected to a drain hole of the sink 3 is formed in the upper part of the casing 2, and the input part is provided. The lower part of (4) is provided with a crushing portion 5 that can crush the food waste introduced into the primary.

그리고 상기 파쇄부(5)의 하부에는 상기 파쇄부(5)를 구동시킴과 동시에 압축·탈수를 행할 수 있는 압축·탈수부(6)의 동시 구동을 위한 구동부(7)가 설치된다.The lower part of the crushing part 5 is provided with a driving part 7 for simultaneously driving the crushing and dehydrating part 6 which can drive the crushing part 5 and perform compression and dehydration.

상기 압축·탈수부(6)는 파쇄부(5)의 하부 일측으로 형성되며, 압축·탈수부(6)에서 탈수된 하수는 배수관(8)을 통하여 하수관(9)으로 배수가 되도록 연결되며, 압축·탈수부(6)에서 압축·탈수된 음식물쓰레기는 건조부(10)로 배출되어 건조, 수거토록 구성되는 바, 이러한 본 발명을 이하의 상세 도면과 함께 보다 구체적으로 설명키로 한다.The compression / dehydration part 6 is formed at one side of the lower part of the crushing part 5, and the sewage dewatered from the compression / dehydration part 6 is connected to drainage to the sewer pipe 9 through the drain pipe 8. The food waste compressed and dehydrated in the compression / dehydration unit 6 is discharged to the drying unit 10 to be dried and collected. This invention will be described in more detail together with the following detailed drawings.

투입부(4)는 싱크대(3)상에 조립이 용이토록 구성되는 바, 이를 위하여 싱크대(3) 상부에서 하부로 끼움되는 상부 고정관(11)과, 싱크대(3) 하부에서 상기 상부 고정관(11)의 외연부에 형성된 수나사(11a)와 나사결합식으로 고정될 수 있는 암나사(12a)를 갖는 하부 고정관(12)을 패킹(13)을 개재시켜 고정 결합토록 하고, 상기 하부 고정관(12)의 외연부에는 수개의 걸림돌기(12b)를 형성하여 상부 케이싱(2a)의 상단에 결합되는 고정관(14) 내연부의 걸림돌기(14a)와 상호 끼움시킨 후 회전시켜 걸림 결합될 수 있도록 한다.The input unit 4 is configured to be easily assembled on the sink 3, for this purpose, an upper fixing tube 11 fitted downward from the top of the sink 3 and an upper fixing tube 11 below the sink 3. The lower fixing pipe 12 having a male screw 12a which can be fixed by screw coupling with the male screw 11a formed at the outer edge of the through the packing 13 so as to be fixedly coupled to the lower fixing pipe 12. The outer edge portion is formed with a plurality of locking projections (12b) to interlock with the locking projections (14a) of the inner edge of the fixed tube 14, which is coupled to the upper end of the upper casing (2a) to rotate and engage.

상기 하부 고정관(12)과 고정관(14) 사이에는 하부로만 개방될 수 있는 일방향 신축캡(15)이 개재되어 상부캡(16)을 개방한 상태에서도 음식물쓰레기가 파쇄시 상부로 비산 이탈되지 않도록 한다.Between the lower fixing tube 12 and the fixing tube 14 is a one-way stretch cap 15 that can be opened only to the lower portion is interposed so that food waste does not scatter to the upper part when the upper cap 16 is opened. .

고정관(14)의 내연부 하측에도 역시 수개의 걸림돌기(14b)를 형성하여 상부 케이싱(2a) 상단 외연부에 대응 형성된 걸림돌기(17)와 상호 끼움시킨 후 회전시키면 걸림 결합식으로 조립이 이루어질 수 있도록 한다.Several locking protrusions 14b are also formed on the lower side of the inner tube of the fixed tube 14 to be fitted with the locking protrusions 17 formed corresponding to the upper outer edges of the upper casing 2a, and then rotated. To help.

상부 케이싱(2a)은 상부는 좁고 하부로 내려갈수록 점차 넓어지는 상협하광(上狹下廣)형으로 구성되며, 일측으로는 싱크대(3)에서 오버-플로우(over-flow)되는 하수가 유입되는 오버-플로우 접속관부(18)가 형성된다.The upper casing (2a) is composed of a vertical narrow light (上 狹 下 廣) type is gradually narrowed to the top and gradually lowered to the lower side, on one side is the inflow of sewage that overflows from the sink (3) Overflow joints 18 are formed.

상부 케이싱(2a)은 하부 케이싱(2b)과 암수나사(19,20)의 나사결합으로 조립이 되는데, 상기 상하부 케이싱(2a,2b)의 연결접속부에는 구동부(7)의 모터(21)가 구동 시 발생하는 진동 및 소음을 차단하기 위한 방진가스켓(22)이 개재되어 상호 조립토록 한다. 상기 상하부 케이싱(2a,2b)을 나사결합하는 암나사(19)는 걸림환턱(23a)을 하단에 가진 별도의 고정관(23)상에 형성하여 상기 고정관(23)을 하부 케이싱(2b) 상단에 형성된 걸림환턱(24)에 걸림 결합되면서 고정되도록 하였다.The upper casing 2a is assembled by screwing the lower casing 2b and the male and female screws 19 and 20, and the motor 21 of the driving unit 7 is driven to the connection portion of the upper and lower casings 2a and 2b. Vibration-proof gaskets 22 for blocking vibration and noise generated during the intervening are interposed. The female screw 19 for screwing the upper and lower casings 2a and 2b is formed on a separate fixing tube 23 having a locking ring jaw 23a at a lower end thereof so that the fixing tube 23 is formed on the upper casing 2b. It was to be fixed while being coupled to the locking hook (24).

한편, 하부 케이싱(2b) 상부에 설치되어 음식물쓰레기를 미세하게 파쇄하기 위한 파쇄부(5)는 상부가 개방되고 압축·탈수부(6)와 상호 연통되는 배출로(25)가 일측으로 형성된다.On the other hand, the crushing portion 5 is installed on the lower casing (2b) to finely crush the food waste is formed in the discharge passage 25, the upper portion is open and communicate with the compression / dehydration portion (6) to one side. .

그리고 파쇄부(5)의 내연부에는 고정편(26)을 수개 형성하여 고정공(27a)을 대응부에 갖는 개략 링형의 고정커터(27)를 파쇄부(5) 내연부와 소정 간격(t)을 갖도록 고정하며, 상기 고정커터(27) 상에는 경사상으로 형성되며 하부가 개방된 커팅배출공(27b)을 다수개 소정 간격으로 형성한다.In addition, a plurality of fixing pieces 26 are formed in the inner edge portion of the crushing portion 5 to form a roughly ring-shaped fixed cutter 27 having the fixing hole 27a at the corresponding portion. It is fixed to have a), and is formed in the inclined shape on the fixing cutter 27 and a plurality of cutting discharge hole (27b) is opened at a predetermined interval.

상기 고정커터(27)의 안쪽에는 원판형으로 이루어진 회전판(28)을 구동부(7)상의 모터(21) 원동축(21a)상에 축고정하여 회전토록 설치하고, 상기 회전판(28) 상면부에는 파쇄해머(29)를 고정설치한다.Inside the fixed cutter 27, a rotating plate 28 having a disk shape is fixed on the motor 21 driving shaft 21a on the driving unit 7 so as to be rotated and installed on the upper surface of the rotating plate 28. Fix the crushing hammer (29).

상기 파쇄해머(29)는 2개 정도 설치되는 것이 바람직하며, 이는 개략 산형으로 요철면(29a)을 상측으로 갖도록 한다.It is preferable that about two crushing hammers 29 are installed, which is roughly shaped so as to have the uneven surface 29a upward.

파쇄부(5)에서 미립자로 파쇄된 음식물쓰레기는 배출로(25)를 통하여 압축·탈수부(6)로 투입된 후 모터(21)에 의해 회전 구동하는 압축스크류우(30)에 의해 압축, 탈수되는 바, 이를 위하여 상기 압축스크류우(30)는 모터(21)의 원동축(21a)상에 축고정된 평기어와 종동축(31)상의 종동기어(32)를 감속기어유니트(33)와 기어물림토록 하여 모터(21)의 회전비가 감속된 회전비로 종동축(31)상의 압축스크류우(30)를 회전구동할 수 있도록 하고, 상기 압축스크류우(30)에 의해 미립화된 음식물쓰레기가 압축, 탈수되면서 수분은 걸름망(34)과 하부의 배수관(8)을 통하여 배출토록 하고, 압축스크류우(30)에서 압축, 탈수된 음식물쓰레기는 걸름망(34)의 내측에서 일측으로 압축 이송된 후 압축스크류우(30) 단부에 설치된 수분함량조절링(35)을 통하여 건조부(10)로 투입, 낙하되도록 한다.Food waste crushed by the fine particles in the crushing unit 5 is introduced into the compression / dehydration unit 6 through the discharge passage 25 and then compressed and dehydrated by the compressed screw 30 driven by the motor 21 to rotate. For this purpose, the compression screw 30 is a reduction gear unit 33 and the spur gear fixed on the drive shaft 21a of the motor 21 and the driven gear 32 on the driven shaft 31 It is possible to rotate and drive the compression screw 30 on the driven shaft 31 at a reduced rotation ratio of the motor 21 by causing the gear to bite, and the food waste atomized by the compression screw 30 is compressed. While dehydrating, water is discharged through the strainer 34 and the drain pipe 8 at the bottom, and the compressed and dehydrated food waste from the compressed screw 30 is compressed and transported to one side from the inside of the strainer 34 and then compressed. Through the moisture content control ring 35 installed at the end of the screw right (30) into the drying unit 10, dropping And so.

상기 수분함량조절링(35)은 실리콘 등의 재질로 만들어지며, 이는 압축정도를 조절하여 음식물쓰레기 수분함량이 15~20% 정도가 되도록 재질을 선택토록 함이 바람직하다.The moisture content control ring 35 is made of a material such as silicon, which is preferably to select the material so that the moisture content of food waste 15 to 20% by adjusting the degree of compression.

그리고 상기 건조부(10)는 건조케이싱(36) 내부에 다수의 통기공(37a)을 갖는 수거함(37)을 내입하고, 상부 뚜껑(38)에는 송풍팬(39)을 설치하여 외부 공기를 흡입하여 건조케이싱(36) 내부로 유입시켜 송풍이 이루어질 수 있도록 하고, 유입된 공기는 건조케이싱(36) 하부의 공기배출관(42)을 통하여 배출된 후 하수관(9)을 통하여 배기될 수 있도록 한다.The drying unit 10 incorporates a collection box 37 having a plurality of ventilation holes 37a in the drying casing 36, and installs a blower fan 39 at the upper lid 38 to suck in outside air. Into the inside of the drying casing (36) so that the blowing can be made, and the introduced air is discharged through the air discharge pipe 42 of the lower bottom of the drying casing (36) to be exhausted through the sewage pipe (9).

그리고 상기 송풍팬(39)으로 유입되는 공기는 외부로 비산되지 않도록 뚜껑(38)의 공기유입공(40)에는 일방향으로만 개폐될 수 있는 체크밸브(41)를 설치토록 하며, 송풍팬(39) 하부에는 선택적으로 열풍을 공급하여 신속한 건조가 이루어질 수 있도록 히터(43)를 설치할 수도 있는 것이다.And the air flowing into the blowing fan 39 is installed in the air inlet hole 40 of the lid 38 so as not to be scattered to the outside to install a check valve 41 that can be opened and closed only in one direction, the blowing fan 39 The heater 43 may be installed at the lower part to supply hot air selectively so as to quickly dry.

도면중의 부호 44는 타이머, 45는 과부하차단기를 도시한 것이다.In the figure, reference numeral 44 denotes a timer and 45 denotes an overload circuit breaker.

상기와 같이 구성될 수 있는 본 발명은 기존 싱크대(3)에 간단히 장착하여 주방에서 발생하는 각종 음식물쓰레기를 미립자로 파쇄시키고, 파쇄된 음식물쓰레기를 탈수하여 하수는 하수관으로 배수 후 압축·탈수된 음식물쓰레기는 건조부(10)로 이동시켜 건조시킴으로써 음식물쓰레기의 무게와 부피를 최소화할 수 있도록 하고, 아울러 퇴비나 가축사료 등으로 재활용할 수 있도록 한 것으로서, 이의 작용 등을 이하에 보다 상세히 설명키로 한다.The present invention can be configured as described above is simply installed in the existing sink (3) to crush various food waste generated in the kitchen into fine particles, dehydrated crushed food waste by sewage drained into sewage pipes compressed and dehydrated food The waste is moved to the drying unit 10 to be dried to minimize the weight and volume of the food waste, and also to be recycled as compost or livestock feed, and the like will be described in more detail below. .

본 발명은 싱크대(3)의 배수공에 조립하기 위해서, 우선 상부 고정관(11)을 싱크대(3) 상부에서 하부로 끼움한 후 패킹(13)을 개재시켜 하부 고정관(12)과 나사조립식으로 고정한다.In the present invention, in order to assemble in the drain hole of the sink (3), first the upper fixing pipe (11) is inserted from the top of the sink (3) to the bottom, and then through the packing (13) is fixed to the lower fixing pipe (12) by screw assembly. .

상기 상하 고정관(11,12)이 싱크대(3)에 조립 완료되면, 상부 케이싱(2a)의상단에 결합된 고정관(14)을 신축캡(15)을 개재시켜 하부 고정관(12)과 조립한다.When the upper and lower fixing pipes 11 and 12 are assembled to the sink 3, the fixing pipe 14 coupled to the upper end of the upper casing 2a is assembled with the lower fixing pipe 12 through the expansion cap 15.

이때 상기 하부 고정관(12)과 고정관(14)의 조립부에는 상호 끼움조립하여 회전시키면 상호 걸림 결합될 수 있는 걸림돌기(12b,14b)가 각각 형성되어 있어 작업자가 원터치로 간단히 조립작업을 수행할 수 있는 것이다.At this time, the lower fixing tube 12 and the assembly of the fixing tube 14, the fitting protrusions 12b, 14b that can be engaged with each other when the assembly is assembled and rotated to each other is formed, so that the operator can easily perform the assembly work with one touch. It can be.

그리고 상부 케이싱(2a) 일측으로 배관 형성된 오버-플로우 접속관부(18)에는 싱크대(3)의 상측에 형성되어 있는 기존의 오버-플로우관(미도시)과 상호 연결 배관시킨다.And the over-flow connection pipe portion 18 piped to one side of the upper casing (2a) is interconnected with the existing overflow pipe (not shown) formed on the upper side of the sink (3).

이와 같이 조립이 이루어진 상태에서 모터(21)의 전원을 ON하면 원동축(21a)이 회전하여 이에 축고정된 파쇄부(5)상의 회전판(28)이 회전하며, 더불어 압축·탈수부(6)상의 압축스크류우(30)도 회전하게 되어 싱크대(3)에서 파쇄부(5)로 낙하 배출되는 음식물쓰레기는 1차적으로 미립자로 잘게 파쇄된 후 2차 압축·탈수, 3차 건조를 행하게 된다.When the power of the motor 21 is turned on in the state in which the assembly is made in this way, the rotating shaft 28 on the crushed part 5 which is rotated by the driving shaft 21a rotates, and the compression / dehydration part 6 is rotated. The compressed screw 30 of the upper part is also rotated, and the food waste dropped from the sink 3 to the crushing unit 5 is first crushed into fine particles, and then subjected to secondary compression, dehydration and tertiary drying.

즉, 상부 케이싱(2a)으로 낙하되는 음식물쓰레기의 자중에 의하여 방사상으로 절개되어 있는 신축캡(15)이 하향 절곡되면서 음식물쓰레기는 파쇄부(5) 상으로 낙하되고, 파쇄부(5)에 낙하된 음식물쓰레기는 회전하는 회전판(28)상의 파쇄해머(29)에 1차로 파쇄작동이 행해짐과 동시에 원심력에 의하여 중심 외측으로 이동하면서 고정커터(27)상에 형성된 다수개의 커팅배출공(27b)과 상호 마찰, 커팅되면서 잘게 미립자 상태로 파쇄가 이루어지고, 상기 커팅배출공(27b)을 통하여 배출로(25) 상으로 배출이 이루어진다.That is, the food waste falls onto the crushing portion 5 while the elastic cap 15, which is radially cut by the weight of the food trash falling onto the upper casing 2a, is downwardly bent, and falls on the crushing portion 5. The waste food waste has a plurality of cutting discharge holes 27b formed on the fixed cutter 27 while being moved to the outside of the center by the crushing hammer 29 on the rotating rotating plate 28 and the centrifugal force. The crushing is made finely in the form of fine particles while the mutual friction, cutting, discharge is made on the discharge path 25 through the cutting discharge hole (27b).

이때 상기 커팅배출공(27b)은 고정커터(27)상에 경사상으로 형성되어 있어서회전판(28)의 파쇄해머(29)가 파쇄하는 음식물쓰레기를 배출 시 한번 더 마찰하면서 커팅, 배출을 하게 되며, 더불어 음식물쓰레기의 배출작용을 원활히 할 수 있도록 보조하는 것이다.At this time, the cutting discharge hole (27b) is formed in the inclined shape on the fixed cutter 27 to cut and discharge while rubbing the food waste to be broken by the crushing hammer 29 of the rotary plate 28 once again. In addition, it is to assist the discharge of food waste smoothly.

커팅배출공(27b)을 통해 배출되는 파쇄상태의 음식물쓰레기는 배출로(25)를 통하여 압축·탈수부(6)로 투입된다.The food waste in the crushed state discharged through the cutting discharge hole 27b is introduced into the compression / dehydration unit 6 through the discharge path 25.

압축·탈수부(6)의 압축스크류우(30)의 회전력에 의하여 음식물쓰레기는 건조부(10)측으로 압축되면서 함유하고 있는 수분(=하수)이 압축, 탈수되어 걸름망(34)을 통하여 배수관(8) 및 하수관(9)으로 배수가 된다.Due to the rotational force of the compression screw 30 of the compression / dehydration part 6, the food waste is compressed to the drying part 10 while water (= sewage) contained therein is compressed and dehydrated, and the drainage pipe ( 8) and the drain pipe 9 is drained.

그리고 압축된 음식물쓰레기는 단부의 수분함량조절링(35)에 의해 압축정도가 조절되며, 수분함량조절링(35)이 갖는 자체 유지탄성 이상으로 압축이 이루어지면 수분함량조절링(35)이 건조부(10) 측으로 탄성 개방되면서 탈수된 음식물쓰레기가 건조부(10)로 이송되며, 건조부(10)의 수거함(37)상에 낙하된 음식물쓰레기는 송풍팬(39)이 공급하는 바람에 의하여 건조가 진행된다.And the compressed food waste is controlled to the degree of compression by the moisture content control ring 35 of the end, when the compression is made more than the self-maintaining elasticity of the moisture content control ring 35 is dried the moisture content control ring 35 The food waste dehydrated while being elastically opened toward the portion 10 is transferred to the drying unit 10, and the food waste dropped on the collection box 37 of the drying unit 10 is blown by the wind fan 39. Drying proceeds.

즉, 송풍팬(39)의 구동에 의하여 외부 공기가 뚜껑(38)에 형성된 공기유입공(40)을 통하여 유입되며, 상기 공기유입공(40)의 내측 단부에는 체크밸브(41)가 설치되어 있어 송풍팬(39) 구동 시에만 체크밸브(41)가 유입되는 외부 공기에 의해 개방이 이루어지고, 송풍팬(39)이 타이머에 의해 OFF되면 자동으로 폐쇄되어 미건조 상태의 음식물쓰레기에서 발생할 수 있는 악취 등이 주방으로 비산되는 것을 미연에 방지하게 되는 것이다.That is, the outside air is introduced through the air inlet 40 formed in the lid 38 by the driving of the blower fan 39, and a check valve 41 is installed at the inner end of the air inlet 40. Only when the blower fan 39 is driven, the check valve 41 is opened by the inflow of external air, and when the blower fan 39 is turned off by a timer, it is automatically closed and may be generated from undried food waste. The odors that are present will be prevented from scattering in the kitchen.

건조케이싱(36)의 내부로 유입, 송풍되는 공기에 의해 음식물쓰레기는 신속하게 건조가 이루어지고, 건조가 완료되면 송풍팬(39)이 타이머에 의해 자동으로 OFF되고, 뚜껑(38)을 개방하여 건조완료된 음식물쓰레기를 수거함(37)을 인출하여 수거 후 퇴비, 가축사료 등으로 재활용하면 되는 것이다.The food waste is quickly dried by the air flowing into the drying casing 36 and blown, and when the drying is completed, the blower fan 39 is automatically turned off by a timer, and the lid 38 is opened. Collect the dried food waste bin (37) is to be recycled to compost, livestock feed, etc. after the collection.

물론, 상기한 송풍팬(39)의 구동에 의해 유입되는 공기는 히터(43)를 가동할 경우 열풍을 공급하여 보다 신속한 건조를 수행할 수도 있는 것이다.Of course, the air introduced by the driving of the blower fan 39 may perform hot drying by supplying hot air when the heater 43 is operated.

이상에서 상세히 살펴 본 바와 같이 본 발명에서 제공하는 음식물쓰레기 파쇄 및 압축·탈수-건조장치(1)는 싱크대(3)에 매우 손쉽게 조립 및 분해할 수 있으며, 음식물쓰레기를 매우 신속하고 용이하게 처리할 수 있어 주방 등에서 발생하는 악취를 제거할 수 있으며, 또한 음식물쓰레기를 발생 즉시 처리하여 벌레 및 각종 세균과 같은 유해균의 증식을 억제할 수 있어 위생성을 극대화할 수 있는 등 그 기대되는 효과가 다대한 발명이다.As described in detail above, the food waste crushing and compression / dehydration-drying apparatus 1 provided in the present invention can be very easily assembled and disassembled in the sink 3, and the food waste can be processed very quickly and easily. It is possible to remove the odor generated in the kitchen, and also to process the food waste immediately, to suppress the growth of harmful bacteria such as insects and various bacteria to maximize the hygiene, and the expected effect is great invention to be.

Claims (1)

각종 음식물쓰레기를 파쇄 및 압축·탈수 후 건조할 수 있도록 싱크대(3)의 배수공을 통해 설치되는 케이싱(2) 상부의 투입부(4)와, 상기 투입부(4) 하부에 설치되어 음식물쓰레기를 1차로 파쇄할 수 있는 파쇄부(5)와, 상기 파쇄부(5)의 하부에는 설치되어 파쇄부(5)를 구동 및 압축·탈수부(6)의 구동을 위한 구동부(7), 상기 압축·탈수부(6)에서 탈수된 하수는 배수관(8)을 통하여 하수관(9)으로 배수가 되도록 연결되며, 상기 압축·탈수부(6)에서 압축·탈수된 음식물쓰레기는 건조부(10)로 배출되어 건조, 수거토록 구성 된 음식물쓰레기 파쇄 및 압축·탈수-건조장치(1)에 있어서;An input unit 4 on the upper part of the casing 2 installed through the drain hole of the sink 3 so that various food wastes can be dried after being crushed, compressed and dehydrated, and the food waste is installed below the input unit 4. A crushing unit 5 capable of primary crushing and a lower portion of the crushing unit 5 to drive the crushing unit 5 and to drive the compression / dehydration unit 6, the compression unit The sewage dewatered from the dehydration part (6) is connected to drainage through the drain pipe (8) to the sewage pipe (9), and the food waste compressed and dewatered in the compression / dehydration part (6) to the drying part (10). In the food waste crushing and compression and dehydration-drying apparatus (1), which is discharged and dried and collected; 상기 케이싱(2)을 구성하는 상부 케이싱(2a)에는 싱크대(3) 상부에서 하부로 끼움되는 상부 고정관(11)과, 싱크대(3) 하부에서 상기 상부 고정관(11)의 외연부에 형성된 수나사(11a)와 나사결합식으로 고정될 수 있는 암나사(12a)를 갖는 하부 고정관(12)을 패킹(13)을 개재시켜 고정 결합토록 하고,The upper casing (2a) constituting the casing (2) has an upper fixing pipe (11) fitted from the top of the sink (3) to the lower, and a male screw formed on the outer periphery of the upper fixing pipe (11) in the lower sink (3) 11a) and the lower fixing tube 12 having a female screw 12a which can be screwed in a fixed manner so as to be fixed through the packing 13, 상기 하부 고정관(12)의 외연부에는 수개의 걸림돌기(12b)를 형성하여 상부 케이싱(2a)의 상단에 결합되는 고정관(14) 내연부의 걸림돌기(14a)와 상호 끼움시킨 후 회전시켜 걸림 결합될 수 있도록 하며,The outer periphery of the lower fixing tube 12 is formed with a plurality of locking projections (12b) to interlock with the locking projections (14a) of the inner edge of the fixed tube 14 is coupled to the upper end of the upper casing (2a) and then rotated to engage the locking To be able to 상기 하부 고정관(12)과 고정관(14) 사이에는 하부로만 개방될 수 있는 일방향 신축캡(15)이 개재되고,Between the lower fixing tube 12 and the fixing tube 14 is a one-way stretch cap 15 that can be opened only to the lower portion is interposed, 상기 고정관(14)의 내연부 하측에는 수개의 걸림돌기(14b)를 형성하여 상부케이싱(2a) 상단 외연부에 대응 형성된 걸림돌기(17)와 상호 끼움시킨 후 회전시키면 걸림 결합될 수 있도록 하며,A plurality of locking protrusions 14b are formed below the inner edge of the fixed tube 14 so that the locking protrusions 14 may be engaged with each other by engaging with the locking protrusions 17 corresponding to the upper outer edges of the upper casing 2a. 상기 상부 케이싱(2a)은 상협하광(上狹下廣)형으로 구성되어 일측으로는 오버-플로우 접속관부(18)가 형성되고,The upper casing (2a) is composed of upper and lower light (上 狹 下 廣) type on one side is formed with an over-flow connection tube 18, 상기 상부 케이싱(2a) 하단에는 수나사(20)를 형성하여 하부 케이싱(2b)과 방진가스켓(22)을 개재하여 걸림환턱(23a)을 하단에 가진 별도의 고정관(23)상에 형성된 암나사(19)와 나사결합하고, 상기 고정관(23)은 하부 케이싱(2b) 상단에 형성된 걸림환턱(24)에 걸림 결합토록 하며,A female screw 19 formed on a separate fixing pipe 23 having a locking ring jaw 23a at a lower end through a lower casing 2b and a dustproof gasket 22 by forming a male screw 20 at a lower end of the upper casing 2a. Screwed), and the fixing pipe 23 is coupled to the engaging ring projection 24 formed on the upper casing (2b) upper end, 상기 파쇄부(5)는 상부가 개방되고 압축·탈수부(6)와 상호 연통되는 배출로(25)가 일측으로 형성되고, 상기 파쇄부(5)의 내연부에는 고정편(26)을 수개 형성하여 고정공(27a)을 대응부에 가지며 경사상으로 하부가 개방된 커팅배출공(27b)이 소정 간격으로 형성된 고정커터(27)를 파쇄부(5) 내연부와 소정 간격(t)을 갖도록 고정하며,The shredding portion 5 has an upper portion of which the discharge passage 25 is opened and communicates with the compression / dehydration portion 6 on one side, and a plurality of fixing pieces 26 are provided on the inner edge of the shredding portion 5. Forming a fixed cutter 27 having a fixed hole 27a at a corresponding portion, and a cutting discharge hole 27b having an inclined lower portion at a predetermined interval therebetween. To hold it, 상기 고정커터(27)의 안쪽에는 원판형으로 이루어지며, 상면부에는 산형 요철면(29a)이 형성된 파쇄해머(29)가 고정된 회전판(28)을 구동부(7)상의 모터(21) 원동축(21a)상에 축고정하고,The inner side of the fixed cutter 27 is made of a disk shape, the upper surface portion of the motor 21 of the drive shaft 7 on the rotary plate 28, the crushing hammer 29 is fixed to the crushing hammer 29 is formed Axes on (21a) 상기 압축·탈수부(6)에는 모터(21)와 연결되어 감속회전하는 압축스크류우(30)가 걸름망(34) 내측에 축설치되고, 상기 압축스크류우(30)에서 건조부(10)로 연결되는 배출 단부에는 실리콘으로 이루어진 수분함량조절링(35)이 탄성개방될 수 있도록 설치되며,The compression screw dewatering section 6 is connected to the motor 21, and the compression screw 30, which is decelerated and rotated, is axially installed inside the strainer 34, and the compression screw 30 from the compression screw 30 to the drying section 10. The discharge end is connected to the moisture content control ring 35 made of silicon is installed to be elastically open, 상기 건조부(10)는 공기배출관(42)을 하부에 형성한 건조케이싱(36) 내부에 다수의 통기공(37a)을 갖는 수거함(37)을 내입하고, 상부 뚜껑(38)에는 체크밸브(41)가 설치된 공기유입공(40)과 연통되도록 송풍팬(39)을 설치하며,The drying unit 10 incorporates a collection box 37 having a plurality of vent holes 37a in the drying casing 36 having the air discharge pipe 42 formed at the lower portion thereof, and a check valve at the upper lid 38. 41 is installed blower fan 39 to communicate with the air inlet hole 40 is installed, 상기 송풍팬(39) 하부에는 유입된 공기를 가온하는 히터(43)가 설치된 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물쓰레기 파쇄 및 압축·탈수-건조장치.Food waste shredding and compression, dehydration-drying apparatus, characterized in that the heater (43) is installed in the lower portion of the blowing fan (39) to warm the introduced air.
KR1020040018966A 2004-03-19 2004-03-19 A smashing and compressive dehydrator of eating refuse KR20040029353A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100620079B1 (en) * 2005-05-16 2006-09-06 장우기계 주식회사 A drying machine of a disk
KR101036488B1 (en) * 2010-08-16 2011-05-24 미래엔진 주식회사 Food waste disposer with crushing and dehydration for sink
KR101448503B1 (en) * 2013-06-26 2014-10-13 박갑순 Food Waste Treating Apparatus Having Rotation Unit
CN105443970A (en) * 2014-09-16 2016-03-30 丝品兹创新有限公司 Drum Trap Capable of Condensing/Circulating Vapor and Food Waste Treatment Apparatus Using the Same
KR101674623B1 (en) * 2015-08-17 2016-11-09 진명홈바스(주) Waste-disposal unit installed at the drain of sink

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100620079B1 (en) * 2005-05-16 2006-09-06 장우기계 주식회사 A drying machine of a disk
KR101036488B1 (en) * 2010-08-16 2011-05-24 미래엔진 주식회사 Food waste disposer with crushing and dehydration for sink
KR101448503B1 (en) * 2013-06-26 2014-10-13 박갑순 Food Waste Treating Apparatus Having Rotation Unit
CN105443970A (en) * 2014-09-16 2016-03-30 丝品兹创新有限公司 Drum Trap Capable of Condensing/Circulating Vapor and Food Waste Treatment Apparatus Using the Same
KR101674623B1 (en) * 2015-08-17 2016-11-09 진명홈바스(주) Waste-disposal unit installed at the drain of sink

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