KR20040010426A - Apparatus for culturing dye plants using LED(Light Emitting Diode) light source. - Google Patents

Apparatus for culturing dye plants using LED(Light Emitting Diode) light source. Download PDF

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KR20040010426A
KR20040010426A KR1020030078989A KR20030078989A KR20040010426A KR 20040010426 A KR20040010426 A KR 20040010426A KR 1020030078989 A KR1020030078989 A KR 1020030078989A KR 20030078989 A KR20030078989 A KR 20030078989A KR 20040010426 A KR20040010426 A KR 20040010426A
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cultivation
led
plants
light source
plant
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KR1020030078989A
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Korean (ko)
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장홍기
윤종선
윤재길
김선재
허북구
김선호
채종운
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(주)세노코
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Priority to KR1020030078989A priority Critical patent/KR20040010426A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/30Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by irradiation
    • C02F1/32Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by irradiation with ultra-violet light
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/72Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by oxidation
    • C02F1/78Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by oxidation with ozone
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N5/00Details of television systems
    • H04N5/222Studio circuitry; Studio devices; Studio equipment ; Cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, TV cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules for embedding in other devices, e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles
    • H04N5/225Television cameras ; Cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules specially adapted for being embedded in other devices, e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2115/00Light-generating elements of semiconductor light sources
    • F21Y2115/10Light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

PURPOSE: Provided are a factory system and an apparatus for the cultivation of plants, such as Gardeniae Fructus, Monascus anka, Carthamus tinctorius, kaoliang or the like, using an LED light source, thereby increasing the pigment content of the plants largely, and achieving year-round continuous mass production of the plants, regardless of weather conditions. CONSTITUTION: A factory system comprises: an LED lamp comprising 10% far infrared light of 730nm, 80% red light of 660nm and 10% blue light of 450nm; a hydroponic cultivation system with an Al cultivation frame(1) and an cultivation bed(3) for softly supplying oxygen to the hydroponic cultivation system; a controller(18) for controlling environment with an A/D converter and a D/A converter; and a cultivation liquid tank with a dissolved oxygen supply apparatus(15) and an ion, dissolved oxygen, pH and electric conductivity sensor(14).

Description

엘이디 광원을 이용한 색소 식물공장 및 그 장치 {Apparatus for culturing dye plants using LED(Light Emitting Diode) light source.}Pigment plant factory using LED light source and its device {Apparatus for culturing dye plants using LED (Light Emitting Diode) light source.}
본 발명은 원적외색광 730nm, 적색광 660nm, 청색광450 nm의 엘이디 램프를 광원으로 사용하여 색소식물을 재배하는 식물공장 장치로써 치자, 홍국, 홍화, 고량, 포도과피, 적양배추, 파프리카, 차즈기, 지치, 자색고구마 등과 같은 색소식물을 재배 중에 엘이디 광원을 방사하여 색소식물의 광합성반응에 이용되는 적색광(600~700nm), 굴광성과 형태 형성에 이용되는 청색광(400~500nm), 적색광과 원적외색광의 가역적인 광반응에서 발아 및 화아 형성에 관여하는 피토크롬(phytochrome)계 (650~740nm) 등의 식물의 생육에 관여하는 환경을 인위적으로 조성하여 색소식물의 고효율 재배와 색소 함량을 향상시킬 수 있는 폐쇄형 엘이디 식물공장 장치에 관한 것이다.The present invention is a plant factory device for growing pigment plants using LED lamps of far-infrared light 730nm, red light 660nm, blue light 450nm as a light source, gardenia, red yeast, safflower, high amount, grape skin, red cabbage, paprika, tea, Red light (600-700nm) used for photosynthetic reaction of pigmented plants by emitting LED light source during the cultivation of pigment plants such as boredom, purple sweet potato, etc., blue light (400-500nm) used for light formation and morphology, red light and far infrared light It is possible to artificially create an environment that is involved in the growth of plants such as phytochrome system (650 ~ 740nm) that is involved in germination and bud formation in the reversible photoreaction of A closed LED plant factory device.
색소식물은 계절적인 환경요인으로 재배기간과 재배시기 등에 크게 관여하고 있어서 겨울철에는 난방시설을 갖춘 하우스나 유리온실에서 재배하고 있으나, 난방비와 많은 노동력이 소요되므로 새로운 기술이 개발되어 대량생산 체제가 이루어진다면 수요가 많이 증가할 것으로 판단된다.Pigment plants are heavily involved in growing season and growing season due to seasonal environmental factors.In winter, however, pigment plants are grown in heated houses or glass greenhouses, but heating costs and a lot of labor are required. If so, demand will increase a lot.
종래의 식물재배용으로 이용된 고압나트륨, 메탈할라이트, 백열등 등과 같은 광원과는 달리 엘이디광원을 이용함으로써 식물에 필요한 파장의 광을 집중적으로 균형있게 조사시키는 것이 가능하다. 결과적으로 재배의 효율화에 기여하고 개화 및 결실시기의 조절, 초세 및 영양성분의 조절, 색소함량 등에 이용되고 있다.Unlike light sources such as high pressure sodium, metal halite, and incandescent lamps used for conventional plant cultivation, it is possible to intensively irradiate light of a wavelength required for plants by using an LED light source. As a result, it contributes to the efficiency of cultivation, and is used for the control of flowering and fruiting seasons, the control of fine and nutrient components, and the pigment content.
종래의 방법으로 식물공장의 야채 생산비용을 차지하는 시설감각비의 비율은 예상이상으로 크다. 태양광 병용형은 20~25%, 인공광 완전제어형은 30~35%에 달하고 있는 것으로 어느 형식의 경우에도소비전력비용을 크게 상회하고 있다. 따라서 식물공장을 널리 보급하기 위해서는 소비전력의 삭감이상으로 시설비를 어떻게 줄일 것인가가 가장 큰 문제점이고 설비할 수 있는 램프도 비용 면에서 크게 제약을 받고 있다.The ratio of facility sensory expenses, which account for the vegetable production costs of plant plants, is higher than expected. The combined use of solar power is 20-25%, and the artificial light fully controlled type is 30-35%, far exceeding the power consumption cost of any type. Therefore, in order to spread plant plants widely, the biggest problem is how to reduce the facility cost beyond the reduction of power consumption, and the lamps that can be installed are greatly limited in terms of cost.
엘이디광원 식물공장에 대한 관련 개발연구는 진행되고 있지 않다. 충북대학교 첨단원예기술개발연구센터에서 적색 및 청색 엘이디 광원에 의한 배양기내 광합성 특성을 규명한 실험을 통하여 엘이디 식물 광 조사 시스템을 개발하여 엘이디 판넬과 배양기가 시판되고 있으나 대량시스템인 식물공장에 직접 도입한 사례는 없다.There is no ongoing development research on LED light plant. LED plant light irradiation system was developed through experiments to identify photosynthetic characteristics in the incubator by red and blue LED light source at the Advanced Horticultural Technology Development Research Center, Chungbuk National University. There is no case.
이를 해결하기 위하여 식물공장 시스템에 엘이디 광원을 이용할 경우 색소식물로부터 색소 생합성량을 크게 향상시켜 고농도 색소를 함유한 색소식물을 재배할 수 있어 식물유래 천연색소의 대량생산이 가능할 뿐만 아니라 전력소비를 줄일 수 있어 경제성 있는 식물공장 장치를 제공한다.In order to solve this problem, when LED light source is used in the plant plant system, it is possible to cultivate pigment plants containing high concentration pigments by greatly improving the amount of pigment biosynthesis from pigment plants, which enables mass production of natural pigments derived from plants as well as reducing power consumption. It is possible to provide an economical plant factory device.
아직 환경조절이 가능한 폐쇄 공간 상태에서 엘이디광원을 이용한 색소식물 재배를 연중 생산하고 재배 공간 대비해서 대량생산이 가능한 식물공장 재배시스템을 이용한 예는 없다.There is no example of using plant plant cultivation system that can produce pigment plant cultivation using LED light all year round and make mass production in preparation for cultivation space.
상기와 같은 문제점을 해결하고자, 본 발명은 식물공장 시스템에서 환경조절이 가능한 폐쇄공간 상태의 내부에 원적외색광 엘이디, 적색광 엘이디, 청색광 엘이디를 제공함으로써 색소농도 효율과 색소의안정성, 생육속도 등을 향상시키고 단시간 내에 대량생산이 가능하고 연중생산이 가능하도록 하고 식물생육에 제공되는 배양액의 장시간 사용을 위해 자외선 살균장치, 오존 살균장치를 구성하여 배양액의 안정성을 배가 되도록 하고 용존산소 공급장치를 이용하여 배양액의 용존산소를 공급함으로써 식물체의 빠른 생장을 유도할 수 있고 USB 카메라를 설치하여 인터넷을 통한 실시간 재배관리를 할 수 있도록 발명 한 엘이디식물공장 시스템을 제공하는 것이다.In order to solve the problems as described above, the present invention provides a far-infrared light LED, red light LED, blue light LED in the closed space state that can be environmentally controlled in a plant factory system to improve the pigment concentration efficiency, stability of the pigment, growth rate, etc. In order to improve the mass production in a short time and to allow for year-round production, the UV sterilizer and ozone sterilizer are configured for long-term use of the culture solution provided for plant growth to double the stability of the culture solution and use the dissolved oxygen supply device. By supplying the dissolved oxygen of the culture solution to induce the rapid growth of plants, and to provide a LED plant factory system invented to enable real-time cultivation management via the Internet by installing a USB camera.
도 1은 본 발명에서 사용된 엘이디 광원 식물공장시스템의 구조를 나타내는 도면이다.1 is a view showing the structure of the LED light source plant factory system used in the present invention.
*도면의 주요부분에 대한 부호의 설명** Description of the symbols for the main parts of the drawings *
1 : 알루미늄 재배틀 2: 재배공간1: Aluminum planting frame 2: planting space
3 : 재배베드 4: 배양액3: cultivation bed 4: culture
5 : 식물체 6: 엘이디 광원5: plant 6: LED light source
7 : 냉각팬 8: 에어공급장치7: cooling fan 8: air supply device
9 : UV살균장치 10: 오존살균장치9: UV sterilizer 10: ozone sterilizer
11: 압력계 12: 압력밸브11: pressure gauge 12: pressure valve
13: 순환펌프 14: 이온, 용존산소, pH, EC센서13: Circulating pump 14: Ion, dissolved oxygen, pH, EC sensor
15: 용존산소 공급장치 16: 폐쇄공간 온도, 습도센서15: dissolved oxygen supply device 16: closed space temperature, humidity sensor
17: USB PC CAM 18: 컨트롤러17: USB PC CAM 18: Controller
19: 인터넷PC 20: 배양액조성탱크19: Internet PC 20: Culture medium tank
21: 환경조절룸21: Environment Control Room
상기와 같은 목적을 달성하기 위하여, 본 발명의 실시 예를 하기에 첨부된 도면을 참조하여 살펴본다. 도 1은 본 발명에 따른 엘이디 광원 식물공장시스템을 나타내는 도면으로써, 엘이디 광원 식물공장은 크게 식물체에 양분을 공급하는 엔에프티 및 분무식 겸용 수경재배 수단과, 밀폐상태에서 엘이디 광원을 조사하여 식물광원을 수행하는 수단과, 배양액에 용존산소를 공급하는 수단, 배양액을 살균하여 재사용하는 수단, USB 카메라를 인터넷에 연결하여 재배환경을 실시간으로 관찰할 수 있고 조치할 수 있는 수단으로 구성되어 있다.In order to achieve the above object, it looks at with reference to the accompanying drawings an embodiment of the present invention. 1 is a view showing the LED light source plant factory system according to the present invention, the LED light source plant factory is a plant light source by irradiating the LED light source in a closed state with an NPT and spray-type hydroponic means for largely supplying nutrients to the plant And means for supplying dissolved oxygen to the culture medium, means for sterilizing and reusing the culture medium, and means for observing and real-time cultivation environment by connecting a USB camera to the Internet.
광 폐쇄 공간 내 온도와 습도 조절이 가능한 환경조절룸(21)에 엘이디 광원 식물공장을 설치하였으며 고효율 재배를 위해 원적외색광 730nm 10%, 적색광 660nm 80%와 청색광 450nm 10%로 구성된 엘이디 램프를 각각 구성하여 엘이디 광원(6, 6‘, 6“)을 제공하고 CDS 센서에서 엘이디의 광원을 측정하여 최상의 생육환경에 맞도록 엘이디 광원의 세기를 자동으로 제어되도록 설계하였다. 엘이디 램프기반과 램프장치 재배시스템을 3단으로 쌓아 배치한 고밀도 식물재배 시스템의 과도한 온도 상승을 방지하기 위해서 냉각팬(7)구성하여 여기에서 나오는 열원이 재배식물체(5)에 영향을 주지 않도록 하였다.The LED light source plant was installed in the environmental control room (21) where temperature and humidity can be controlled in the light enclosed space. LED lamps consisting of 730nm 10% of far-infrared light, 80% of red light, and 80% of blue light and 450nm 10%, respectively, for high efficiency cultivation It is designed to provide LED light sources (6, 6 ', 6 “) and to control the intensity of the LED light source automatically for the best growth environment by measuring the LED light source in the CDS sensor. In order to prevent excessive temperature rise of the high density plant cultivation system in which the LED lamp base and the lamp device cultivation system are stacked in three stages, a cooling fan (7) is constructed so that the heat source emitted from the cultivation plant (5) is not affected. .
수경재배 시스템으로는 5m길이의 알루미늄 재배 틀(1)을 이용한 엔에프티 방식의 수경재배시스템에 산소공급을 원활히 할 수 있도록 분무식 수경재배 시스템을 겸용할수 있는 재배 베드(3)설치하였고 재배 베드와 엘이디 광원의 높이는 식물체가 충분히 자랄 수 있는 50cm의 재배 공간(2)을 구성하였다. 공간효율을 높이기 위해 한 층의 넓이가 6m2로 이를 3단으로 구성하여 총 재배면적 30m2의 빌딩형 엘이디광원 식물공장으로 구성하였다. 제어 알고리즘을 프로그래밍하여 이온, 용존산소, pH, 전기전도도 센서(14)의 각종 신호값을 아날로그/디지털 변환기(A/D Converter)를 통해 컴퓨터로 수신하여 분석하여 각각의 제어변수를 디지털/아날로그 변환기(D/A Converter)를 통해 환경을 조절하여 주는 컨트롤러(18)를 구성하였다. 또한 재배환경 제어 온도습도센서(16) 현재의 환경 측정치를 받아 자동으로 최상의 생장 환경조건에 맞는 환경치를 비교하여 식물의 환경을 제어하여주도록 구성하여 컨트롤러(18)를 연결하였다. 식물 재배에 필요한 배양액을 저장하고 공급하여 주는 기능과 식물의 성장에 필요한 배양액을 최적량으로 공급하도록 배양액 제어 시스템을 자동으로 실시간 체크하여 제어하여 주는 기능을 가진 배양액 조성탱크(20)와 배양액 조성탱크(20)에는 식물에 공급할 용존산소 공급장치(15)와 이온, 용존산소, pH, 전기전도도 센서(14)를 구성하였다. 엘이디 광원 식물공장 내에서 일어나는 상황과 식물의 생육단계를 USB PC CAM(17)를 이용하여 진단 환경설정에 따라 생육상태를 원거리에서도 인터넷PC(19)을 통하여 식물공장의 현재 상태를 모니터링할 수 있도록 구성하였다.As a hydroponic cultivation system, a cultivation bed (3) that can be used as a spray hydroponic cultivation system is installed to facilitate the oxygen supply to the FT-type hydroponic cultivation system using an aluminum cultivation frame (1) of 5 m length. The height of the LED light source constituted a 50 cm cultivation space 2 in which plants can grow sufficiently. In order to increase the space efficiency, one floor area is 6m2, which is composed of three stages, and is composed of a building-type LED light source plant factory with a total cultivation area of 30m2. By programming control algorithm, various signal values of ion, dissolved oxygen, pH, conductivity sensor 14 are received by computer through analog / digital converter and analyzed, and each control variable is digital / analog converter. The controller 18 is configured to control the environment through the (D / A Converter). In addition, cultivation environment control temperature and humidity sensor (16) is connected to the controller 18 by automatically configured to control the environment of the plant by comparing the environmental value that meets the best growth environmental conditions in accordance with the current environmental measurements. A culture composition tank 20 and a culture composition tank having a function of storing and supplying a culture solution for plant cultivation and a function of automatically checking and controlling a culture control system in real time to provide an optimal amount of culture solution for plant growth. In 20, a dissolved oxygen supply device 15 for supplying a plant and an ion, dissolved oxygen, pH, and conductivity sensor 14 were configured. LED light source It is possible to monitor the current state of the plant factory through the Internet PC 19 at a long time according to the diagnosis environment setting using the USB PC CAM (17) and the growth stage of the plant. Configured.
이상에서와 같이 본 발명은 식물재배에 이용되는 가시영역의 엘이디 광원은 적외선 영역의 에너지 방사를 거의 포함되어 있지 않기 때문에 광원을 식물체에 근접시킬 수 있는 장점을 가지고 있다. 이처럼 엘이디 광원을 식물체에 근접 조사함으로서 식물의 광 이용 효율을 높일 수 있다. 또한 재배시스템을 다단식으로 설계할 수 있기 때문에 전체적으로 공간 효율을 극대화시킬 수 있다. 엘이디 광원의 수명은 5만시간 이상으로 이것은 1일 12시간 조명할 경우 10년 이상 식물공장을 가동시킬 수 있는 내구성을 지니고 있으며, 두께가 수 미리 밖에 안 되는 엘이디 패널로 구성할 수 있어 얇은 시트상태의 엘이디 광원 장치를 제공함으로써 다양한 공간과 형태에서 식물체의 성장에 적합한 광원을 제공할 수 있는 장점을 가지고 있다.As described above, the LED light source in the visible region used for plant cultivation has an advantage of allowing the light source to be close to the plant because it contains little energy radiation in the infrared region. As such, by irradiating the LED light source close to the plant, the light utilization efficiency of the plant can be improved. In addition, the cultivation system can be designed in multiple stages to maximize the overall space efficiency. The LED light source has a lifetime of more than 50,000 hours, which is durable enough to operate a plant factory for more than 10 years when illuminated for 12 hours a day, and can be composed of LED panels that are only a few thick in thickness. By providing the LED light source device of has the advantage to provide a light source suitable for the growth of plants in a variety of spaces and forms.
따라서, 이와 같은 본 발명의 엘이디 광원 식물공장 시스템을 이용하여 색소식물을 재배한 여러 실시예를 살펴보면 다음과 같다.Therefore, looking at the various embodiments of the cultivated pigment plants using the LED light source plant factory system of the present invention as follows.
본 발명에 따른 원적외색광 730nm 엘이디 10%, 적색광 660nm 엘이디 80%, 청색광 450nm 10%로구성된 엘이디 광원이 설치된 식물공장을 이용하여 꼭두서니, 치자, 홍국, 홍화, 고량, 포도과피, 적양배추, 파프리카, 차즈기, 자색고구마, 지치 등과 같은 색소식물을 플러그판에서 파종 후 20일 재배한 결과, 엘이디를 조사하여 재배한 식물체는 형광등을 광원으로 이용하는 기존의 온실에서 재배한 식물과 외형적인 성장속도를 비교한 결과 색소식물의 종류에 따라 최대 1.8~2.6배 정도 빠른 성장을 보였다. 또한 형광등을 광원으로 이용하는 기존의 온실에서 재배한 색소식물과 색소 및 비타민 함유량을 비교한 결과 엘이디 광원을 조사한 식물은 색소식물 1kg당 색소함량이 색소식물의 종류에 따라 3.5~5.3 브릭스%가 증가하였고, 색소식물 1kg당 비타민 C 함유량은 25~38%가 증가하였다.Using a plant factory equipped with an LED light source consisting of far-infrared light 730nm LED 10%, red light 660nm LED 80%, blue light 450nm 10% according to the present invention puppet, gardenia, red yeast, safflower, high quantity, grape skin, red cabbage, paprika After 20 days of planting pigmented plants such as tea, tea, purple sweet potato, and chichi on the plug plate, the plants grown by irradiating the LEDs were grown in the existing greenhouse using fluorescent light as a light source and their external growth rate. As a result, the growth rate was up to 1.8 ~ 2.6 times depending on the type of pigment plants. In addition, as a result of comparing pigment content and pigment and vitamin content grown in the existing greenhouse using fluorescent lamp as a light source, the pigment content per 1 kg of pigment plants increased 3.5 ~ 5.3 brix% depending on the type of pigment plants. , Vitamin C content per kg of pigment plants increased by 25-38%.
따라서 본 발명에 의하여 엘이디 광원 식물공장을 이용하여 재배함으로써 종래의 수경재배 방법에 비해 식물체의 외형적인 성장속도 및 식물체내의 기능성 물질의 함유량도 증가하여 경제성 있는 식물재배 시스템으로서 과학적이고 체계적인 자동화가 가능하여 천재지변의 영향을 받지 않아 재현성이 뛰어날 뿐만 아니라 인력절감이 가능하고 연중생산이 가능하게 되었다.Therefore, by using the LED light source plant plant according to the present invention compared to the conventional hydroponic cultivation method, the external growth rate of the plant and the content of functional substances in the plant is also increased, economical plant cultivation system, scientific and systematic automation is possible. As it is not affected by natural disasters, it is not only excellent in reproducibility, but also in manpower reduction and year-round production.
엘이디 광원 식물공장을 이용할 경우 색소식물로부터 색소함량을 크게 향상시켜 고농도의 색소식물을 재배할 수 있어 연중 대량생산이 가능할 뿐만 아니라 계절에 따른 기후변화와 천재지변의 영향을받지 않아 에너지 비용을 줄일 수 있어 경제성 있는 색소식물을 재배할 수 있다.When using LED light plant factory, it is possible to cultivate high density pigment plants by greatly improving pigment content from pigment plants, which enables mass production throughout the year and reduces energy costs because they are not affected by seasonal climate change and natural disasters. It is possible to grow economical pigment plants.

Claims (2)

  1. 색소식물을 재배과정 중에 식물성장 및 색소함량을 높이기 위해 원적외색광 730nm 엘이디, 적색광 660nm 엘이디, 청색광 450nm 엘이디를 조합하여 광원으로 이용한 엘이디 광원 식물공장.An LED light source plant factory using a combination of far-infrared light 730 nm LED, red light 660 nm LED, and blue light 450 nm LED as a light source to increase plant growth and pigment content during the cultivation process.
  2. 제1항에 있어서, 색소식물은 꼭두서니, 치자, 홍국, 홍화, 고량, 포도과피, 적양배추, 파프리카, 차즈기, 자색고구마, 지치 중에서 하나를 재배하는 것을 특징으로 하는 엘이디 광원 식물공장.According to claim 1, Pigment plants LED gardening plant, characterized in that the cultivation of one of the marshmallow, gardenia, red yeast, safflower, high amount, grape skin, red cabbage, paprika, chazuki, purple sweet potato, jichi.
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