KR20010002568A - method of constructing for waterproof by mutilayer- composite - Google Patents

method of constructing for waterproof by mutilayer- composite Download PDF

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KR20010002568A
KR20010002568A KR1019990022433A KR19990022433A KR20010002568A KR 20010002568 A KR20010002568 A KR 20010002568A KR 1019990022433 A KR1019990022433 A KR 1019990022433A KR 19990022433 A KR19990022433 A KR 19990022433A KR 20010002568 A KR20010002568 A KR 20010002568A
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construction
coating
weight
polyester resin
glass fiber
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KR1019990022433A
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Korean (ko)
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KR100310941B1 (en
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정춘수
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이봉찬
네오건설 주식회사
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K3/00Gate valves or sliding valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closing members having a sliding movement along the seat for opening and closing
    • F16K3/02Gate valves or sliding valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closing members having a sliding movement along the seat for opening and closing with flat sealing faces; Packings therefor
    • F16K3/0227Packings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K27/00Construction of housing; Use of materials therefor
    • F16K27/04Construction of housing; Use of materials therefor of sliding valves
    • F16K27/044Construction of housing; Use of materials therefor of sliding valves slide valves with flat obturating members
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K3/00Gate valves or sliding valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closing members having a sliding movement along the seat for opening and closing
    • F16K3/30Details
    • F16K3/314Forms or constructions of slides; Attachment of the slide to the spindle

Abstract

PURPOSE: A construction method for multi-layer compound water-proofing is provided to prevent separation smong layers, and cracks of a water proofing layer, and improve the heat resistance, salt resistance, tensile strength and elongation, and reduce the term of work and cost. CONSTITUTION: A construction method for multi-layer compound water-proofing comprises the steps of; mixing asphalt, styrene-butadienes rubber, oil of naphthene group, filler(CaCO3) and petroleum resins at the temperature of 150-170 deg.C; bonding the composite to a water proof sheet; covering the unsaturated polyester resin of which the elongation is 40-100%, and the tensile strength is 100-200kg/cm<SP POS="POST">2</SP>; laying fiber glass before the resin is hardened, and then covering polyester resin on the fiber glass.

Description

다층 복합 방수 시공공법 {method of constructing for waterproof by mutilayer- composite}{Method of constructing for waterproof by mutilayer- composite}
본 발명은 종래 방수시트의 단점인 방수시트의 파단, 접합부의 자외선에 대한 내구성 부족 등을 개선 보완하고 건축, 토목 특히 해안매립지, 항만시설 전분분야에 걸쳐 시공할 수 있고, 각종 건축, 토목 구조물의 요구조건에 맞추어 시공이 가능한 다층 복합 방수 시공 공법에 관한 것이다.The present invention improves and complements the shortcomings of the conventional waterproof sheet, such as breakage of the waterproof sheet, lack of durability against the ultraviolet rays of the junction, and can be applied throughout the construction, civil engineering, particularly coastal landfills, port facilities starch, and various construction, civil The present invention relates to a multi-layer composite waterproof construction method that can be constructed according to requirements.
종래의 방수시트는 접합부위의 열 융착에 따른 물성 변화와 용융 유실에 따라 품질이 저하되고, 도막재는 현장에서 가열하여 도포함으로 인한 도심의 환경공해와 화재, 화상의 위험이 있고, 내구성이 부족하여 시공이 제한된다는 결점이 있었다.The conventional waterproof sheet is deteriorated due to the change of physical properties and the loss of melting due to the thermal fusion of the joints, the coating material is heated and applied on the site, there is a risk of environmental pollution, fire, burns in the city and lack durability There was a drawback of limited construction.
본 발명은 종래의 방수시트, 도막재의 단점인 접합부 결함 및 용융 유실, 환경공해, 내구성 부족 등을 개선하고 전분야에 걸쳐 적용할 수 있고 각종 건축구조물의 요구조건에 맞추어 연결부위가 없이 시공이 가능한 다층 복합 방수 시공공법을 제공함에 있다.The present invention improves the defects of the joints and melting loss, environmental pollution, lack of durability, etc., which are disadvantages of the conventional waterproof sheet and coating material, and can be applied to all fields and can be constructed without connecting parts according to the requirements of various building structures. To provide a multi-layer composite waterproof construction method.
상기와 같은 종래의 방수시트의 문제점을 해결하기 위하여 연구를 거듭한 결과 시공면에 특정의 방수시트를 부착하거나 특정 도막재를 도포하고 그 위에 특정의 불포화 폴리에스테르 수지액을 도포한 다음 유리섬유를 깔고 그 위에 폴리에스테르 수지액을 도포하여 유리섬유에 침투시키면 종래 방수시트의 결점을 완전히 해결할 수 있음을 알아 본 발명을 완성하였다.As a result of repeated studies to solve the problems of the conventional waterproof sheet as described above, a specific waterproof sheet is attached to a construction surface or a specific coating material is applied, and then a specific unsaturated polyester resin solution is applied thereon, and then glass fiber is applied. The present invention was completed by applying a polyester resin solution and spreading the glass fiber thereon to completely solve the defects of the conventional waterproof sheet.
본 발명은 건축, 토목, 해안매립지, 항만시설 특히 염분이 많은 지역에서 필요로 하는 시설, 지하, 옥상, 녹화시설 및 기타 방수공사 적용부위에 특정 방수시트를 부착하거나 특정 도막재를 도포하고 그 위에 불포화 폴리에스테르수지액을 도포한 다음 유리섬유를 깔고 그 위에 폴리에스테르 수지액을 도포하여 유리섬유에 침투시키는 연결부위가 없는 다층 복합방수시공공법이다.The present invention attaches a specific waterproof sheet or coating a specific coating material on the construction, civil engineering, coastal landfill, port facilities, especially in salty areas, facilities, underground, rooftops, greening facilities and other waterproofing applications. It is a multi-layer composite waterproof construction method with no joints that penetrates the glass fiber by applying unsaturated polyester resin solution and then spreading the glass fiber and then applying the polyester resin solution on it.
이와같은 시공공법에 의하면 각층의 층간 접착성이 우수하여 층간 분리가 없고 방수층이 강도, 내염수성, 내마모성, 내약품성, 내충격성, 인장강도, 인열강도 등이 우수하여 방수효과가 우수하다.According to such a construction method, there is no interlayer separation due to the excellent interlayer adhesion of each layer, and the waterproof layer has excellent waterproofing effect due to its strength, saline resistance, abrasion resistance, chemical resistance, impact resistance, tensile strength, tear strength, and the like.
이하 본 발명에서 사용하는 방수시트, 도막재, 불포화 폴리에스테르 수지액, 폴리에스테르수지액에 대하여 설명한다.Hereinafter, the waterproof sheet, the coating material, the unsaturated polyester resin liquid, and the polyester resin liquid used in the present invention will be described.
1. 방수시트1. Waterproof sheet
침입도 85∼100%의 고상 아스팔트 50∼60중량부, 스티렌-부타디엔 고무10∼15중량부, 나프텐계오일 10∼15중량부, 충전제(CaCO3) 10∼15 중량부, 석유수지 5∼10중량부(각성분의 합계는 100중량부임)를 150∼170℃에서 혼련하여 생성혼련물을 박리지에 1∼3㎜ 두께로 도착하여 방수시트를 제조하였다.50 to 60 parts by weight of solid asphalt with 85 to 100% penetration, 10 to 15 parts by weight of styrene-butadiene rubber, 10 to 15 parts by weight of naphthenic oil, 10 to 15 parts by weight of filler (CaCO 3 ), and 5 to 10 petroleum resin The parts by weight (the total of each component were 100 parts by weight) were kneaded at 150 to 170 ° C., and the resultant kneaded product arrived on the release paper at a thickness of 1 to 3 mm to prepare a waterproof sheet.
2. 도막재2. Coating material
1) 침입도 85∼100의 액상 아스팔트 60∼70중량부, 스티렌-부타디엔 고무라텍스 25∼35중량부, 유화제, 소포제, 점도 조절제 각각 0.5∼1 중량부, 물 5∼10중량부 (각성분의 합계는 100중량부임)를 70∼85℃에서 혼련하여 액상형 도막재를 제조하였다.1) 60 to 70 parts by weight of liquid asphalt having a penetration of 85 to 100, 25 to 35 parts by weight of styrene-butadiene rubber latex, emulsifier, antifoaming agent, 0.5 to 1 part by weight of viscosity modifier, and 5 to 10 parts by weight of water (for each component 100 parts by weight in total) was kneaded at 70 to 85 ° C to prepare a liquid coating material.
2) 침입도 85∼100의 고상 아스팔트 40∼50중량부, 침입도 10∼20의 고상 아스팔트 15∼20중량부, 스티렌-부타디엔 고무 10∼15중량부, 나프텐계오일 10∼15 중량부, 충전제 (CaCO3) 10∼15 중량부, 석유수지 5∼6중량부(각성분의 합계는 100중량부임)를 130∼150℃에서 혼련하여 고상형 도막재를 제조하였다.2) 40 to 50 parts by weight of solid asphalt with a penetration of 85 to 100, 15 to 20 parts by weight of solid asphalt with a penetration of 10 to 20, 10 to 15 parts by weight of styrene-butadiene rubber, 10 to 15 parts by weight of naphthenic oil, and filler 10-15 parts by weight of (CaCO 3 ) and 5-6 parts by weight of petroleum resin (the total of each component were 100 parts by weight) were kneaded at 130 to 150 ° C. to prepare a solid coating film.
3. 불포화 폴리에스테르 수지액3. Unsaturated Polyester Resin
디에틸렌 글리콜 30∼40중량부와 테레프탈산 15∼20 중량부, 아디핀산 5∼10중량부, 무수프탈산 5∼10중량부, 무수말레인산 5∼10 중량부를 반응시켜 선형 불포화 폴리에스테르를 제조하고 여기에 스티렌 30∼40 중량부 및 코발트화합물(건조재)3∼5중량부를 첨가하여 불포화 폴리에스테르 수지액을 제조하였다. 이 수지의 신율은 40∼100%이고, 인장강도는 100∼200㎏/㎠이다.A linear unsaturated polyester was prepared by reacting 30 to 40 parts by weight of diethylene glycol, 15 to 20 parts by weight of terephthalic acid, 5 to 10 parts by weight of adipic acid, 5 to 10 parts by weight of phthalic anhydride, and 5 to 10 parts by weight of maleic anhydride. 30-40 weight part of styrene and 3-5 weight part of cobalt compounds (drying material) were added, and the unsaturated polyester resin liquid was prepared. The elongation of this resin is 40 to 100%, and the tensile strength is 100 to 200 kg / cm 2.
4. 폴리에스테르 수지액4. Polyester resin solution
프로필렌글리콜 20∼30중량부와 이소프탈산 20∼30중량부, 무수말레인산 15∼20중량부를 반응시켜 선형 폴리에스테르를 제조하고 여기에 스티렌 40∼50중량부, 코발트화합물(건조재)3∼5중량부 및 메틸알콜 5∼7중량부를 첨가하여 폴리에스테르 수지액을 제조하였다.20 to 30 parts by weight of propylene glycol, 20 to 30 parts by weight of isophthalic acid and 15 to 20 parts by weight of maleic anhydride are reacted to prepare a linear polyester, 40 to 50 parts by weight of styrene and 3 to 5 parts by weight of cobalt compound (drying material). Part and 5-7 parts by weight of methyl alcohol were added to prepare a polyester resin solution.
실시예1Example 1
시공면을 청소한 후 상기1에서 제조한 방수시트를 박리지를 제거한 후 시공면에 부착하고 그 위에 상기3의 수지액을 도포하고 수지액이 경화하기 전에 유리섬유를 깔고 상기4의 수지액을 도포하여 유리섬유에 침투시켜 전체 두께가 3∼5㎜가 되도록 방수시공하였다. 이와같이 하여 얻어진 다층 복합방수층은 내염수성이 우수하고, 인장강도가 100㎏/㎠이상, 인열강도가 50㎏이상, 신장율이 1000%이상이었다.After cleaning the construction surface, remove the release paper from the waterproof sheet prepared in 1, attach to the construction surface and apply the resin solution of 3 above, lay the glass fiber and apply the resin solution of 4 above before the resin solution is cured. Penetrated into the glass fiber was waterproof construction so that the total thickness is 3 ~ 5㎜. The multilayer composite waterproof layer thus obtained had excellent salt water resistance, tensile strength of 100 kg / cm 2 or more, tear strength of 50 kg or more, and elongation rate of 1000% or more.
실시예2.Example 2.
시공면을 청소한 후 상기 2의 1)에서 제조한 도막재를 시공면에 1∼1.5㎜ 두께로 도포 후 상기3의 수지액을 도포한 다음 수지액이 경화하기 전에 유리섬유를 깔고 상기4의 수지액을 도포하여 유리섬유에 침투시켜 전체 두께가 2.5∼3㎜ 되도록 방수시공하였다. 이와같이 하여 얻어진 다층 복합방수층은 내염수성이 우수하고, 인장강도가 90㎏/㎠이상, 인열강도가 48㎏이상, 신장율이 1500%이상이었다.After cleaning the construction surface, apply the coating material prepared in 1) of 1 to 1.5mm thickness on the construction surface, apply the resin solution of 3 above, and lay down the glass fiber before curing the resin solution. The resin solution was applied to penetrate the glass fiber and waterproofed to a total thickness of 2.5 to 3 mm. The multilayer composite waterproof layer thus obtained was excellent in salt water resistance, had a tensile strength of 90 kg / cm 2 or more, a tear strength of 48 kg or more, and an elongation of 1500% or more.
실시예3.Example 3.
실시예2에서 상기 2의 1)에서 제조한 도막재 대신 상기2의 2)에서 제조한 도막재를 사용한 이외는 실시예2와 같이 방수시공하였다. 얻어진 다층 복합방수층의 물성은 실시예2와 거의 같았다.In Example 2, except that the coating material prepared in 2) above was used instead of the coating material prepared in 2) above, it was waterproofed as in Example 2. Physical properties of the obtained multilayer composite waterproof layer were substantially the same as those in Example 2.
실시예4.Example 4.
시공면에 상기 1에서 제조한 방수시트를 부착 또는 상기 2의 1)에서 제조한 도막재를 도포한 후 상기 3의 수지액을 도포하고 수지액이 경화하기 전에 그 위에 유리섬유를 깐 다음 상기 4의 수지액을 도포하여 유리섬유에 침투시켜 전체 두께가 2.5∼4.5㎜가 되도록 방수시공하였다. 이와같이 하여 얻어진 다층 복합 방수층은 내염수성이 우수하고, 인장강도가 120㎏/㎠이상, 인열강도가 60㎏이상, 신장율이 1000% 이상이었다.After attaching the waterproof sheet prepared in 1 above or the coating material prepared in 1 of 2 above to the construction surface, apply the resin solution of 3 above and cover the glass fiber on it before curing the resin solution. The resin solution was applied to penetrate into the glass fiber and waterproofed to a total thickness of 2.5 to 4.5 mm. Thus obtained multilayer composite waterproofing layer was excellent in saline resistance, tensile strength was 120 kg / cm 2 or more, tear strength was 60 kg or more, and elongation was 1000% or more.
실시예 5.Example 5.
상기 실시예4의 다층복합방수층위에 가는 유리섬유를 깔고 폴리 우레탄 또는 갤코트를 0.5㎜ 두께로 도포하여 마감처리하였다. 얻어진 다층 복합 방수층은 실시예4의 다층복합방수층의 물성에 더하여 내마모성, 내화학성, 내열성, 자외선에 대한 내구성이 우수하였다.Thin fiberglass was laid on the multilayer composite waterproof layer of Example 4, and a polyurethane or galcoat was applied to a thickness of 0.5 mm to finish. In addition to the physical properties of the multilayer composite waterproof layer of Example 4, the obtained multilayer composite waterproof layer was excellent in abrasion resistance, chemical resistance, heat resistance, and ultraviolet resistance.
본 발명에 의하면 다층 복합 방수층이 방수시트, 도막재, 불포화에스테르 수지 및 폴리에스테르 수지가 침투된유리섬유층이 적층된 구조로 되어 있어 연결부위가 없고, 층간 분리되지 않으며, 내열성, 내마모성, 내염수성, 내약품성이 우수하며, 인장강도, 인열강도, 신장율이 커서 장기간에 걸쳐 우수한 방수 효과를 나타낸다.According to the present invention, the multilayer composite waterproof layer has a structure in which a glass fiber layer in which a waterproof sheet, a coating material, an unsaturated ester resin, and a polyester resin penetrate is laminated, there is no connection site, and there is no separation between layers, and heat resistance, abrasion resistance, salt water resistance, Excellent chemical resistance, tensile strength, tear strength, elongation rate is large, shows excellent waterproof effect over a long period of time.

Claims (4)

  1. 시공면에 아스팔트, 스티렌-부타디엔고무, 나프텐계오일, 충전제, 석유수지를 150∼170℃에서 혼련하여 생성 혼련물을 박리지에 도착하여 제조한 방수시트를 부착하고 그 위에 신율 40∼100%, 인장강도 100∼200㎏/㎠인 불포화 폴리에스테르의 수지액을 도포하고 수지액이 경화하기 전에 유리섬유를 깔고 그 위에 폴리에스테르 수지액을 도포하는 다층 복합 방수 시공공법.Asphalt, styrene-butadiene rubber, naphthenic oil, filler and petroleum resin were kneaded at 150 ~ 170 ℃ on the construction surface, and the resulting kneaded product arrived on the release paper. The multilayer composite waterproof construction method of apply | coating the resin liquid of unsaturated polyester of 100-200 kg / cm <2> of strength, and spreading glass fiber and apply | coating polyester resin liquid on it before hardening of resin liquid.
  2. 제1항에 있어서, 불포화 폴리에스테르 수지액을 도포하고 유리섬유를 깔고, 폴리에스테르 수지액을 도포하는 공정을 2번 행하는 다층 복합 방수 시공공법.The multilayer composite waterproof construction method according to claim 1, wherein the unsaturated polyester resin solution is applied, the glass fiber is laid, and the polyester resin solution is applied twice.
  3. 제2항에 있어서, 가는 유리섬유를 더깔고, 폴리우레탄 또는 갤코트를 0.5㎜ 두께로 도포하여 마감처리하는 다층 복합 방수 시공공법.The multi-layer composite waterproof construction method according to claim 2, wherein the thin glass fiber is further coated, and a polyurethane or galcoat is applied to a thickness of 0.5 mm to finish the treatment.
  4. 시공면에 아스팔트, 스티렌-부타디엔고무라텍스, 나프텐계오일, 충전계, 석유수지, 유화제, 소포제, 점도조절제를 혼련하여 제조한 도막재를 도착하고 그 위에 신율 40∼100%, 인장강도 100∼200㎏/㎠의 불포화폴리에스테르의 수지액을 도포하고, 수지액이 경화하기 전에 유리섬유를 깔고 그 위에 폴리에스테르수지액을 도포하는 다층 복합 방수 시공공법.A coating material prepared by kneading asphalt, styrene-butadiene rubber latex, naphthenic oil, filler, petroleum resin, emulsifier, antifoaming agent, and viscosity modifier on the construction surface, and has elongation of 40-100%, tensile strength 100-200 The multilayer composite waterproof construction method of apply | coating the resin liquid of kg / cm <2> unsaturated polyester, and spreading a glass fiber and apply | coating polyester resin liquid on it before hardening of a resin liquid.
KR1019990022433A 1999-06-16 1999-06-16 method of constructing for waterproof by mutilayer- composite KR100310941B1 (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20010067657A (en) * 2001-03-02 2001-07-13 최명부 The process of manufacturing the dehydrating agent for paving asphalt
KR20020083340A (en) * 2001-04-27 2002-11-02 임기채 Method for carrying out water-proof on roof of house
KR100426899B1 (en) * 2001-04-27 2004-04-13 임기채 Method for carrying out water-proof on the housetop
KR100488626B1 (en) * 2002-03-06 2005-05-16 중앙방수기업주식회사 Waterproof structure by synthetic resin and insulation film
US7200680B2 (en) 2002-03-11 2007-04-03 Ericsson Inc. Method, apparatus and system for providing multimedia messages to incompatible terminals
KR100734153B1 (en) * 2005-09-29 2007-07-02 차민수 A water-proofing method of forming plural layer with protection layer of revivale urethane sheet

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101667263B1 (en) 2014-10-29 2016-10-28 주식회사 한보엔지니어링 Apparatus for and Method of manufacturing Complex waterproof sheet with multiple overlap construction and Complex waterproof sheet with multiple overlap construction manufactured thereby

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20010067657A (en) * 2001-03-02 2001-07-13 최명부 The process of manufacturing the dehydrating agent for paving asphalt
KR20020083340A (en) * 2001-04-27 2002-11-02 임기채 Method for carrying out water-proof on roof of house
KR100426899B1 (en) * 2001-04-27 2004-04-13 임기채 Method for carrying out water-proof on the housetop
KR100488626B1 (en) * 2002-03-06 2005-05-16 중앙방수기업주식회사 Waterproof structure by synthetic resin and insulation film
US7200680B2 (en) 2002-03-11 2007-04-03 Ericsson Inc. Method, apparatus and system for providing multimedia messages to incompatible terminals
KR100734153B1 (en) * 2005-09-29 2007-07-02 차민수 A water-proofing method of forming plural layer with protection layer of revivale urethane sheet

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