KR20000072714A - Mandibular angle retractor - Google Patents

Mandibular angle retractor Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20000072714A
KR20000072714A KR1020000055521A KR20000055521A KR20000072714A KR 20000072714 A KR20000072714 A KR 20000072714A KR 1020000055521 A KR1020000055521 A KR 1020000055521A KR 20000055521 A KR20000055521 A KR 20000055521A KR 20000072714 A KR20000072714 A KR 20000072714A
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South Korea
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neck
bent
device
lens
portion
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KR1020000055521A
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Korean (ko)
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KR100402822B1 (en
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이희영
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이희영
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/02Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for holding wounds open; Tractors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C1/00Dental machines for boring or cutting ; General features of dental machines or apparatus, e.g. hand-piece design
    • A61C1/08Machine parts specially adapted for dentistry
    • A61C1/088Illuminating devices or attachments
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C3/00Dental tools or instruments

Abstract

PURPOSE: A lower jaw tractor is provided which includes a lighting device and a sight identification device in a tractor structure so that it is helpful in securing enough eye vision in examination. CONSTITUTION: The lower jaw tractor comprises the parts of: a neck part(2) which is formed to be projected from a grip and bended at a fixed angle to contain a first bending part(2a), a second bending part and a common hole; a ring for traction(3) which is formed at the edge of the neck part; a lighting device(4) which is placed to be irradiated inside the ring for traction; and a sight identification device which is placed to identify the interior side of the ring for traction.

Description

하악각 견인기{MANDIBULAR ANGLE RETRACTOR} Haakgak retractors {MANDIBULAR ANGLE RETRACTOR}

본 발명은 구강내 수술시 사용하는 하악 견인기에 관한 것으로, 상세히는 견인과 동시에 시야 확인이 가능하도록 구성한 견인기에 관한 것이다. The present invention relates to a mandibular retractor for use during oral surgery, specifically, to a retractor configured to enable the field of view at the same time determine and traction.

견인기는 손잡이로 부터 돌출되는 절곡된 형태의 목부와 목부의 단부에 형성된 견인용 고리 형태로 이루어져 고리를 골조직이나 신체부위에 걸고 끌어당겨 수술이나 진단에 필요한 공간확보나 자료 수집을 위하여 사용되는 것으로 수술부위에 따라 다양한 형태의 견인기가 사용되고 있다. Retractor is operative to be used for the space available or the data collection required a ring made of pintle type formed on the end portion of the neck portion with the neck bent shape protruding in the hanging pull surgery or diagnosis pull the bone or body part from the handle there are various types of retractors are used according to the region.

이와 같은 종래의 견인기는 단순한 견인기능위주로 구성된 것으로 시야확보를 위해서 별도의 수술용거울이나 외부조명을 필요로 하며, 개복이나 절개후 특정 부위를 수술할 경우 대부분 충분한 공간이 확보된 상태에서 수술이 이루어 지기 때문에 조명과 수술용거울을 사용한 시야확보에 무리가 없으나 구강내와 같이 좁은 공간에서 골절단이나 접합술을 시행할 경우에는 수술용거울이나 외부조명장치를 운용하기가 곤란하고 이들 기구에 의해서도 충분한 시야확보가 이루어 지지 않는 한계가 있다. Such a conventional retractor is for the visibility to be composed mainly simple traction function, and a separate operation requiring for a mirror or exterior lighting, the operation made in the most is sufficient space reserved state if the operation of a specific site after laparotomy or incision become due, but a bunch of visibility using mirrors for lighting and surgery when performed fractures single or bonded alcohol in a narrow space, such as the oral cavity, the difficulty in operating the mirrors for surgery or external lighting equipment and sufficient even in these organizations there are limits visibility unfulfilled.

또한, 구강내 골절부의 금속판 고정이나 골절단등을 위한 수술일 경우에는 좁은 공간상에서 견인과 동시에 드라이버, 골절단용 톱등의 수술기구를 투입하여 조작하여야 하고, 외부조명 및 수술용거울과 함께 사용되어야 함으로 시야확보가 더욱 곤란해지며, 특히 하악각 측면과 같이 일반 수술용 거울의 시야가 미치지 못하는 구석진 부위의 수술시에는 시야확보에 따르는 어려움이 가중되어 실제 수술에 소요되는 시간보다 수술에 필요한 기구를 조작하고 수술상태를 확인하는 등의 시간이 더 소요되는 등 수술에 많은 어려움이 있었다. In addition, if the surgery for my fractured parts of a metal plate fixed or fold-stage oral, etc. are to be manipulated by introducing at the same time pull the driver, the instrument of fracture danyong topdeung on a narrow space, and by be used in conjunction with a mirror for external lighting and surgery becomes to visibility even more difficult, especially in the field of view of the mirror for general surgery, weight is in accordance with the visibility at the time of surgery, not corners area affect problems such as haakgak side and operate the instruments needed for surgery than the time required for the actual surgery there were many difficulties in the operation, including the time, such as to check the operation status is further required.

본 발명은 좁은 공간인 구강내의 수술이나 하악각 측면 절개에 의한 수술에 특히 유용한 견인기를 제시함으로서 좁은 공간에서 효과적인 공간활용이 가능하게 하고, 견인기능과 함께 시야확보가 가능하고, 더 나아가 수술이나 골절단시 발생하는 이물질을 제거하기 위해 수술을 자주 중단해야 하는 불편을 해소할 수 있는 하악각 견인기를 새로이 제시하기 위한 것이다. The present invention is a small space is by presenting a surgery, a particularly useful retractors to surgery by haakgak side incision within the oral cavity to enable an effective use of space in a small space, and the obtained field of view available with a traction function, and further surgery or fracture stage in order to remove any debris generated during intended to present a new haakgak retractor that can relieve the discomfort that often need to stop the operation.

이를 위하여 본 발명은 손잡이와 목부 및 견인용고리로 이루어지는 하악각 견인기 구조에 조명장치와 시야확인장치가 포함되도록 하여 견인과 함께 수술부위의 시야확인이 가능하게 하고, 별도의 세척장치를 구비하여 수술시 발생하는 이물질을 세척하고 외부로 배출시킴으로서 지속적인 수술이 이루어 지도록 하는 하악각 견인기를 제시한다. To this end, the present invention enables a field identification of the surgical site with a traction to ensure that includes the lighting device and the field detecting device to haakgak retractor structure composed of a handle and a neck, and pull ring for, at the time of operation by having a separate cleaning system cleaning the foreign materials generated and presents a haakgak retractor to ensure the continuous operation carried sikimeuroseo discharged to the outside.

도1은 본 발명에 의한 하악각 견인기의 기본 구조도 1 is a basic structure of a retractor according to the present invention haakgak

도2는 반사경을 사용한 하악각 견인기의 실시례도 Figure 2 is a embodiment of a retractor with a reflector also haakgak

도3은 렌즈와 반사경을 함께 구성한 본 발명의 실시례도 3 is an exemplary example of the present invention is configured with a lens and a reflecting mirror

도4는 세척장치를 포함시킨 본 발명의 실시례도 4 embodiments of the present invention which includes a cleaning device is also

도5는 목부의 상세구조도 Figure 5 is a detailed configuration of the neck portion

도6은 목부의 내부 구성도 Figure 6 is an internal configuration of the neck also

도7은 본 발명의 사용 상태도 Figure 7 is a state of use of the invention

*주요부호의 설명 Description of the main code

1.손잡이 2.목부 2a.1차절곡부 1. Handle 2. neck bent section 2a.1 car

2b.2차절곡부 2c.공동구 3.견인용 고리 2b.2 car bent part 2c. 3. The common duct for the pull ring

4.조명장치 4a.램프 4b.전원 4. The illumination device 4a. 4b lamp. Power

4c.스위치 4d.배선 5.시야확인장치 4c. Switch 4d. 5. The field wiring check device

51.렌즈 및 그 구성체 51a.렌즈 51b.광케이블 51. The lens and its constituent 51a. Lens 51b. Optical cable

51c.접속잭 51d.외부화상장치 51c. 51d connecting jack. External image device

52.반사경 52a.절첩구 52. The reflector 52a. Section cheopgu

6.세척장치 61.물분사장치 61.공기분사장치 6. The cleaning device 61. water injector 61. Air injectors

63.흡입장치 63. The inhalation device

본 발명은 손잡이로 부터 돌출되어 일정각도로 절곡되는 목부가 형성되고 목부의 단부에 견인을 위한 고리가 형성되는 구조의 하악각 견인기에 적용된다. The invention is applicable to the structure in which the retractor haakgak ring is formed for the traction is formed at the neck is bent at an angle to protrude from the handle to the end portion of the neck.

본 발명은 상기한 구조의 하악각 견인기에 조명장치와 시야확인장치를 결합하는 구성을 특징으로 하며, 또한, 별도의 세척장치가 함께 구비되는 구성을 특징으로 한다. The invention features a configuration for bonding a lighting device and a field device to determine haakgak retractor of the above-described structure, also, is characterized in the configuration, a separate cleaning device is provided with.

조명장치는 수술부위를 조명하여 시야확인을 위한 것으로 견인고리의 내측으로 조사되도록 목부상에 설치한 조명램프와 구동회로로 이루어 진다. Lighting device to illuminate the surgical site is achieved by a lighting lamp and a drive circuit installed in the neck portion to be irradiated to the inside of the pull ring to the field of view for confirmation.

시야 확인장치는 견인상태에서 견인부의 측면을 확인할 수 있는 위치의 목부상에 반사경을 설치하여 시야에 의해 직접 확인 할 수 있도록 하는 구성과, 목부상에 렌즈를 설치하고 이에 광케이블 및 외부 화상장치를 연결하여 실시간으로 모니터 할 수 있도록 하는 구성을 선택적으로 설치하거나 또는 동시에 설치하는 구성으로 이루어진다. Field detecting device is connected to the configuration and, install the lens in the neck portion and thereby the optical cable and the external video apparatus by installing a reflection mirror in the neck portion of the location to verify the traction side portion to be directly confirmed by the field of view in the towing state the configuration consists of a selectively installed or installed at the same time as a configuration that allows you to monitor in real time.

세척장치는 렌즈 또는 반사경을 구비한 경우에 입김에 의한 거울면이 흐려지는 것을 방지하고 수술시 발생하는 피나 골조각등에 의해 렌즈 또는 반사경이 오염되는 것을 방지하기 위해 설치되는 것으로 반사경 또는 렌즈 방향으로 물을 분사시켜 세척하기 위한 물분사장치와, 반사경 또는 렌즈의 물기를 제거하기 위해 공기를 분사시키기 위한 공기분사장치, 세척수와 수술시 발생하는 이물질의 외부 배출을 위한 흡입장치로 이루어진다. Cleaning apparatus with water as the reflector or the lens side to be installed to prevent the lens or mirror contamination by blood or bone pieces generated when protection and surgery that blurring the mirror surface due to breath when equipped with a lens or reflector in order to remove water in the water injection device, and a reflecting mirror or a lens for cleaning by spraying comprises a suction device for the external discharge of the debris generated at the time of operation and the air jet device, the wash water for spraying the air.

이하 첨부된 도면에 의한 구체적 실시례에 의해 본 발명을 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다. More specifically the present invention by means of specific exemplary case according to the accompanying drawings as follows.

도1은 본 발명의 간단한 실시형태를 도시한 것으로, 손잡이(1)와 목부(2) 및 목부의 선단에 형성되는 견인용 고리(3)로 견인기 본체가 구성되고 조명장치(4)와 렌즈 및 그 구성체(51)로 이루어지는 시야확인장치(5)가 포함되는 구성을 갖는다. 1 is to illustrate a simple embodiment of the invention, the handle (1) and neck (2) and the leading traction retractor unit to the ring (3) formed in the neck portion is configured and the illumination device 4 and the lens and It has a configuration which contains those structural body 51 field detecting device 5 made of.

목부(2)는 손잡이(1)로 부터 약간 벗어난 위치에서 대략 90°내외의 각도로 하향으로 절곡시킨 1차절곡부(2a)와, 목부의 선단부에서 1차절곡부의 연장선에 대하여 반시계 방향으로 대략 20°내외의 각도로 완만하게 절곡시킨 2차절곡부(2b)로 이루어 지고, 목부내측에는 조명장치등의 배선을 위한 공동구(2c)가 형성된다. The neck (2) is in the counterclockwise direction with respect to the first bent portion extension line of the tip of the first bent section (2a) in which the bent downwardly at an angle of approximately 90 ° around from just off position from the handle (1), the neck made of a second bent portion (2b) was gradually bent at an angle of approximately 20 ° around, the inner neck portion is formed with a common duct (2c) for the wiring of the lighting device.

견인용 고리(3)는 목부의 선단부에서 타원형태로 끝부분을 말아 목부와 연속된 구조로 형성된다. For traction ring (3) is rolled into an oval shape in the end of the leading end of the neck are formed as a continuous structure and the neck.

조명장치(4)를 구성하는 램프(4a)는 1차절곡부와 2차절곡부의 경계부에 형성하여 견인용 고리의 안쪽으로 조사되도록 하고, 조명장치를 구성하는 구동회로 손잡이내에 전원(4b)과 스위치(4c)를 형성하여 목부내부의 공동구를 통하여 배선(4d)이 조명램프에 연결되도록 구성한다. Lamps constituting the lighting device (4) (4a) is first bent portion and the second power source (4b) in the form a curved boundary portion, and is irradiated to the inside of the towing hook for handle a driving circuit constituting a lighting device and forming a switch (4c) to be configured such that the wire (4d) through a common duct within the neck portion connected to the illumination lamp.

시야확인장치(5)인 렌즈 및 그 구성체(51)은 목부의 2차절곡부 조명램프 아래 부분에 설치한 렌즈(51a)와 상기 목부의 공동구를 통하여 상기 렌즈에 연결되고 손잡이의 외측으로 형성된 접속잭(5c)에 연결시킨 광케이블(51b) 및 상기 접속잭에 의해 연결되어 렌즈를 통한 화상을 실시간 출력시키는 외부화상장치(51d)로 이루어 진다. The lens and the structural body 51 field check (5) is connected via a lens (51a) and a common duct in the neck portion provided on the bottom of the second bend lamps of the neck coupled to the lens is formed to the outer side of the handle in which the optical cable connected to the jack (5c) (51b) and is connected by the connecting jack is accomplished by external imaging device (51d) for outputting a real-time image through the lens.

상기한 시야확인장치로서 내시경 검사에 사용하는 내시경렌즈와 그 구성요소를 사용함으로서 기존의 내시경 검사장치를 활용할 수 있고, 렌즈와 광케이블 및 광학적으로 이루어지는 화상확대장치를 사용할 수 있으며 이 경우 경제적으로 시야확인장치를 구성할 수 있게 된다. You can take advantage of the endoscope lens with existing endoscopy equipment, by using the components used for endoscopic examination, as the verifier field one, to use the lens and the optical fiber cable and an optical image-up consisting of a device and economically check field this case it is possible to configure the device.

상기 구성은 1차절곡부에 의해 입술과 같은 구강진입시의 장애물을 당겨 입구를 충분히 넓힐 수 있고, 2차절곡부가 구강내측을 압박하여 견인상태에서 수술에 필요한 충분한 공간이 확보될 수 있도록 작용하여 하악각 견인시 매우 유용한 구조가 된다. The arrangement is the first pull and to widen the entrance enough obstacles oral entering, such as a lip by bent portions, the second bending portion to act to make a sufficient space required for operation in traction condition at pressing oral inside can be secured haakgak when traction is a very useful structure.

하악각이 견인된 상태에서 조명장치를 작동시키고 외부화상장치를 작동시키면 화상확인에 필요한 조명이 제공된 상태에서 수술과정과 수술상태를 실시간으로 확인할 수 있고 모니터할 수 있게 된다. Haakgak the Operating the illumination device in the traction operating state and the external image device to determine in a state where jomyeong necessary to determine the image provided to the surgical procedure and surgical conditions in real time and to be able to be monitored.

상기 구성은 하악각 견인기만을 사용하여 견인기능과 조명기능 및 시야확인기능을 동시에 수행할 수 있게 되는 잇점을 갖게 된다. The configuration will have the advantage of being able to perform towing capability and lighting capabilities and visibility OK simultaneously using only haakgak retractor.

따라서, 별도의 외부조명장치 및 수술용거울의 삽입에 따른 공간이 절약되어 드릴이나 톱등 수술기구의 조작이 쉽게 이루어지고, 시선에 의한 직접적인 시야확보도 보다 용이해지며, 종래 확인이 어려웠던 하악각 측면상태도 화상장치를 통하여 쉽게 확인할 수 있는 효과를 갖는다. Thus, becomes to the space according to a separate, external lighting devices and surgical insertion of a mirror for the savings is a manipulation of the drill or topdeung surgical instruments easily done, and direct visibility by the eye even easier, prior confirmation is difficult haakgak side status also it has an effect that can be easily identified through the imaging device.

도2에 의한 실시례는 시야확인장치(5)로 반사경(52)을 사용한 구성을 보인 것으로 반사경은 대략 장방형 형태로서 목부의 2차 절곡부 내측에 경사각 조절이 가능하도록 절첩구(52a)에 의해 결합된다. Embodiment also by the two cases is by the field detecting device (5) to the reflector (52) section cheopgu (52a) to allow the tilt angle control in the second bent portion inside the neck portion as that reflector is substantially rectangular shape showing the configuration using the It is combined.

상기 반사경은 하악각의 측면이나 저면을 시선을 통하여 직접 확인 할 수 있도록 하는 장치로 실제 형태로 투영되기 때문에 견인상태에서 수술기구의 조작상태를 직접 확인해 가면서 수술을 할 수 있는 잇점이 있다. The reflector is due to the apparatus to make the eye directly through the sides or bottom of haakgak is projected to form a real advantage to going to check the operational status of the surgical instruments directly in tow state operation.

상기한 실시형태는 렌즈 및 그 구성체에 의한 시야확인장치에 비하여 간단하고 경제적으로 실시할 수 있으나 수술과정을 외부에서 모니터하거나 수술보조자에게 까지 시야확보가 이루어 지지 못하고, 수술부위를 광각으로 확인할 수 없는 단점이 있다. The above-described embodiment, but can be performed according to a simple and cost-effective compared to the field detecting device according to the lens and its constituent not have visibility been made to monitor the surgical procedure from outside, or to a surgical assistant, can not determine the surgical site to the wide angle there are drawbacks.

도3에 의한 실시례는 이러한 단점을 해소하기 위해서는 반사경(52)에 의한 시야확인장치와 렌즈 및 그 구성체에 의한 시야확인장치를 동시에 형성하는 구성을 제시한다. Example embodiments according to FIG 3 proposes a configuration to eliminate this disadvantage of forming a field detecting device and the lens field of view and check apparatus according to the structure body by the reflecting mirror 52 at the same time.

상기 구성은 반사경에 의해 직접 시야를 확보한 상태에서 렌즈 및 그 구성체에 의해 반사경에 의해 확인 곤란한 부분까지 확인할 수 있고, 수술과정을 외부에서 모니터할 수 있는 효과를 갖는다. The arrangement may be found in the state of direct visibility by the reflection mirror portion is difficult to determine by the reflecting mirror by a lens and its constituent, it has an effect to monitor the surgical procedure from the outside.

도4는 상기한 각 실시례에 의한 구성에 있어서 세척장치를 함께 구성한 실시례를 도시한 것으로,세척장치(6)는 골조직의 절단이나 하악각 측면등의 절개시 발생하는 피나 골조각등을 신속히 제거하고, 반사경이나 렌즈에 묻은 얼룩을 신속히 제거하여 수술상태를 계속적으로 관측할 수 있도록 하기 위한 것으로 물분사장치(61),공기분사장치(62) 및 흡입장치(63)로 이루어 진다. 4 that shows an exemplary case is configured a cleaning apparatus with in the configuration according to each exemplary case above, the washing device 6 to quickly remove such blood or bone pieces generated during the cutting such as cutting of bone or haakgak side and to quickly remove the dirt adhering to the reflector or the lens is composed of a water injection device 61, the air injector 62 and suction devices 63 intended to be able to continually observe the operation state.

물분사장치(61)은 반사경 또는 렌즈면을 향하도록 목부의 2차 절곡부상에 형성한 노즐(61a)과, 목부내부의 공동구상에 설치하여 한쪽끝은 노즐과 연결되고, 다른 쪽 끝은 손잡이를 경유하여 손잡이 외측에 형성한 연결잭(61b)에 연결되는 튜브(61c) 및 튜브에 연결되어 물을 공급하기 위한 외부 물공급장치(61d)로 이루어진다. Water injector 61 is installed in the nozzle (61a) formed on the second bent portion of the neck portion so as to face the reflecting mirror or lens surface, the co-spherical inside the neck portion at one end is connected with the nozzle, the other end to the handle It is connected via a tube (61c) and a tube connected to a connection jack (61b) formed on the outside handle made of external water supply (61d) for supplying water.

공기분사장치(62)는 반사경 또는 렌즈면을 향하도록 목부의 2차 절곡부상에 형성한 공기노즐(62a)과, 목부내부의 공동구상에 설치하여 한쪽 끝은 노즐과 연결되고 다른 쪽 끝은 손잡이를 경유하여 손잡이 외측에 형성한 연결잭(62b)에 연결되는 튜브(62c) 및 튜브에 연결되어 공기를 공급하기 위한 외부 공기공급장치(62d)로 이루어진다. To install the air injector 62 is the reflecting mirror, or the air nozzle (62a) formed on the second bent portion of the neck portion so as to face the lens surface, the co-spherical inside the neck end to the nozzle and the other end to the grip via is connected to the tube (62c) and a tube connected to a connection jack (62b) formed on the outside handle made of a fresh air supply device (62d) for supplying the air.

흡입장치(63)는 렌즈 또는 반사경의 세척을 위해 분사시킨 물과, 수술시 발생하는 피 및 골조각등을 외부로 배출시키기 위한 것으로 반사경의 끝쪽 하부 및 렌즈하부에 흡입구(63a)를 형성하고 목부내부의 공동구상에 설치하여 한쪽 끝은 흡입구와 연결되고 다른 쪽 끝은 손잡이를 경유하여 손잡이 외측에 형성한 연결잭(63b)에 연결되는 튜브(63c)를 설치하여 외부 흡입장치(64d)와 연결시키는 구성으로 이루어진다. Suction device 63 is formed a suction port (63a) fall in the extreme lower and lens bottom of the reflecting mirror that for discharging the water was sprayed to clean the lens or mirror, blood and bone pieces, etc. generated during operation to the outside and the neck by installing a joint initiative of the inner end to that connected to the suction port is connected to the other end to a connection jack (63b) outside the suction device (64d) by installing a tube (63c) coupled to the formation by way of the knob on the outer handle It consists of a configuration.

세척장치를 구성하는 공기분사장치,물분사장치 및 흡입장치의 튜브는 각기 손잡이에 형성한 스위치밸브(61e)(62e)(63e)에 의해 개폐되도록 구성하며, 이와 같은 구성에 의해 각각의 스위치 밸브를 조작함으로서 물분사,공기분사 및 흡입장치가 동작하여 세척 및 이물질 배출동작을 수행하게 된다. Air constituting the cleaning unit injector, the water injector and the tube of the suction device, respectively, and configured to be opened and closed by a switch valve (61e) (62e) (63e) formed on the handle, on the other, each of the switch valves by the same configuration as and by operating the water jet, air jet and the suction device operation and performs the cleaning and foreign matter discharge operation.

상기에서 렌즈 및 구성체와 반사경을 동시에 형성한 경우에 목부의 일측에 공기분사노즐을 설치하고, 다른측에는 물분사노즐을 설치하며, 각각의 공기분사노즐과 물분사노즐은 단일노즐에 2개의 분사구를 형성하여 각각 반사경 및 렌즈를 향하여 분사되도록 형성한 구조로 실시된다. And installing the air injection nozzle on one side of the neck in the case of forming the lens and a structure body and the reflecting mirror at the same time, installing a water injection nozzle other side, the two nozzle openings in each of the air injection nozzle and the water injection nozzle is a single nozzle formed is carried by each reflecting mirror and a structure formed so as to be injected towards the lens.

상구 구성에 의한 세척장치는 수술부위와 반사경 또는 렌즈를 세척하여 항상 깨끗한 상태를 유지시키며, 수술시 발생하는 피나 이물질을 신속히 배출시켜 수술부위의 시야를 지속적으로 유지시킬 수 있게 된다. Cleaning apparatus according to Shangqiu configuration sikimyeo always keep it clean by washing the surgical site with the reflector or a lens, by rapidly discharging the blood or foreign materials generated during surgery it is possible to constantly maintain the field of view of the surgical site.

도5는 견인기 선단부의 상세 구조를 도시한 것이며, 도6은 목부의 단면구조를 도시한 것으로 각각의 노즐 및 흡입구에 연결되는 튜브와 렌즈에 연결되는 광케이블 및 조명램프에 연결되는 배선이 목부상에 형성된 공동구를 통하여 설치됨을 보인 것이다. In Fig. 5 is a simplified showing the detailed structure of the retractor distal end, Figure 6 is a neck injury wiring connected to showing the sectional structure of the neck to the optical cable, and lamps are connected to the tube and a lens coupled to each nozzle, and the inlet It is shown to be installed through a common duct formed.

도면중 미설명 부호 10은 하악을 표시한 것이다. Drawings, reference numeral 10 is a display of the mandible.

이상의 구성에 의한 본 발명은 도6에 도시된 바와 같이 구강으로 삽입하여 견인용 고리에 하악등의 견인부위를 걸고 당김으로서 1,2차 절곡부에 의해 둘려싸인 공간부가 형성되며, 상기 공간부를 통하여 골의 절단, 접합등의 수술을 행하게 된다. The present invention according to the above-described configuration is inserted into the mouth portion surrounded space surrounded by the first and second bending part as the pull to make a tow of the lower portion including a pintle for being formed, as shown in Figure 6, through the space parts of It performs the operation such as cutting of the bone, joint.

수술은 반사경에 직접 확보된 시야에 의해 이루어지고, 부분적으로 렌즈 및 그 구성체를 통하여 외부화상장치에 투영된 실물화상을 참조하고 모니터하면서 다양한 각도에서 시야확인이 가능해진다. Operation is made by the field of view secured directly to the reflector, a lens, and in part through the structure body with reference to the real image projected to the external image device and make field of view from different angles while monitoring can be performed.

수술과정에서 발생하는 이물질이나 피 또는 입김등에 의해 렌즈 및 반사경표면이 흐려질 때는 밸브스위치를 조작하여 물과 공기를 분사시켜 세척하고, 흡입장치를 사용하여 이물질을 외부로 배출시킴으로서 지속적인 수술이 이루어지게 된다. When the lens and the reflecting mirror surface or the like foreign substance or the blood or breath arising from the surgical procedure be blurred and washed by operating the valves switch to spray the water and the air, the continuous operation sikimeuroseo discharge the foreign materials using a suction device to the outside will be written .

이상의 구성에 의한 본 발명은 공간이 협소한 하악각 수술시에 사용하는 견인기류에 사용함으로서 매우 유용하나 시야확보가 곤란하고 좁은 공간에서 이루어지는 기타의 수술시에도 매우 유용한 것으로 본 발명은 이러한 사용형태를 배제하지 않는다. The invention The present invention to be extremely useful even when the other of the operation takes place in a very useful one visibility is difficult, and a small space by using the tow stream used in the haakgak surgical space is narrowed by the above-described configuration will preclude such a use form I never do that.

본 발명은 거울 또는 렌즈구성체로 이루어지는 시야확인장치와 자체조명장치에 의해 다양한 각도의 시야가 확인된 상태에서 견인이 이루어 짐으로 구강내와 같이 좁은 공간에서 이루어지는 수술에 매우 유용하게 사용되고, 수술시 렌즈를 통한 화상장치에 의해 수술과정을 외부에서 모니터 할 수 있는 효과를 갖는다. The present invention is used very useful in surgery takes place in a narrow space, such as the oral cavity to load the tow in which the field of view of the wide range of angles by the field detecting device with self-illumination device comprising a mirror or a lens structure body check state achieved, surgery lens a has an effect to monitor the surgical procedure outside the apparatus by the image through.

또한, 본 발명은 세척장치에 의해 수술과정에서 발생하는 이물질이 시야를 방해하는 것을 방지하여 지속적인 수술이 가능하고, 동시에 사용하는 수술기구의 수가 감소됨으로 공간을 효과적으로 활용할 수 있어 수술에 소요되는 시간을 단축시킬 수 있는 효과를 갖는다. In addition, the present invention is the number of surgical instruments used to prevent foreign matter generated in the operation process by the cleaning devices interfere with the field of view to be a continuous operation, and at the same time it is possible to effectively utilize the space to the reduced time spent in surgery, It has an effect capable of shortening.

Claims (5)

  1. 손잡이(1)로 부터 돌출되어 일정각도로 절곡되는 목부(2)가 형성되고 목부의 단부에 견인을 위한 견인용 고리(3)가 형성되는 구조의 하악각 견인기에 있어 견인용 고리 내측으로 조사되도록 설치된 조명장치(4)와 견인용고리 안쪽을 확인할 수 있도록 설치한 시야확인장치를 포함하는 구성을 특징으로 하는 하악각 견인기. A neck projecting bent at an angle from the handle (1), (2) is formed and in the structure that for traction for the traction to the end portion of the neck rings (3) forming haakgak retractor is installed to be irradiated to the traction ring inside for haakgak retractor characterized by a composition including a visual field detecting device installed to identify the lighting unit 4 and the inner ring for traction.
  2. 제1항에 있어서, 목부(2)는 손잡이(1)로 부터 약간 벗어난 위치에서 대략 90°내외의 각도로 하향으로 절곡시킨 1차절곡부(2a)와, 목부의 선단부에서 1차절곡부의 연장선에 대하여 반시계 방향으로 대략 20°내외의 각도로 완만하게 절곡시킨 2차절곡부(2b)로 이루어 지고, 목부내측에는 조명장치등의 배선을 위한 공동구(2c)가 설치된 것을 특징으로 하는 하악각 견인기. The method of claim 1, wherein the neck portion (2) is the handle (1) and the first bent section (2a) was substantially bent downwardly at an angle of 90 ° around from just off position from the primary bent portion extended line at the front end of the neck made of a second bent portion (2b) was gradually bent at an angle of approximately 20 ° around in a counterclockwise direction relative to, the neck inner side haakgak, characterized in that a common duct (2c) for the wiring of the lighting device is installed retractor .
  3. 제2항에 있어서, 조명장치(4)를 구성하는 램프(4a)는 1차절곡부와 2차절곡부의 경계부에 형성하여 견인용 고리의 안쪽으로 조사되도록 하고,손잡이내에 전원(4b)과 스위치(4c)를 형성하여 목부내부의 공동구를 통하여 배선(4d)이 조명램프에 연결되도록 이루어 지고, 시야확인장치(5)는 목부의 2차절곡부 조명램프 아래 부분에 설치한 렌즈(51a)와 상기 목부의 공동구를 통하여 상기 렌즈에 연결되고 손잡이의 외측으로 형성된 접속잭(5c)에 연결시킨 광케이블(51b) 및 상기 접속잭에 의해 연결되어 렌즈를 통한 화상을 실시간 출력시키는 외부화상장치(51d)로 이루어 지는 렌즈 및 그 구성체(51)로 구성한 것을 특징으로 하는 하악각 견인기. The method of claim 2, wherein the light constituting the illumination unit (4) (4a) is formed on the first bent portion and the second bent boundary portion to be irradiated to the inside of the towing hook for power source (4b) and a switch in the handle (4c) formed by being made to be through the common duct inside the neck wire (4d) is connected to the illumination lamp, sight detecting device (5) is a lens (51a) provided on the bottom of the second bend lamps of the neck of the coupled to the lens via a common duct in the neck being connected by the connection jacks (5c) in which fiber-optic cable (51b) and the connecting jack connected to the formed outwardly of the handle outside the image device (51d) for real-time outputting an image through the lens haakgak retractor to that constituted by the lens and the structural body 51 which comprises a feature.
  4. 제2항에 있어서,조명장치(4)를 구성하는 램프(4a)는 1차절곡부와 2차절곡부의 경계부에 형성하여 견인용 고리의 안쪽으로 조사되도록 하고,시야 확인장치(5)는 반사경(52)을 사용하며, 상기 반사경은 목부의 2차 절곡부 내측에 경사각 조절이 가능하도록 절첩구(52a)에 의해 결합되도록 하는 것을 특징으로 하는 하악각 견인기. The method of claim 2, wherein the illumination lamp (4a) is first bent part and the secondary and to be irradiated to the inside of the ring for pulling to form the bent boundary portion, sight detecting device (5) constituting the device 4 is reflector use 52, wherein the reflector is haakgak retractor characterized in that a section to be engaged by cheopgu (52a) to allow the tilt angle control in the second bent portion inside the neck portion.
  5. 제1항,제2항,제3항 또는 제4항중 어느 한 항에 있어서, 시야확인장치를 구성하는 반사경 또는 렌즈면을 향하여 물과 공기를 분사시킬 수 있게 구성한 물분사장치(61) 및 공기분사장치(62)와, 분사된 물과 수술시의 이물질을 손잡이 외부로 배출시킬 수 있도록 목부상에 흡입구를 형성하여 손잡이 외부로 배출시킬 수 있도록 흡입장치(63)로 이루어지는 세척장치(6)을 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 하악각 견인기. Of claim 1, claim 2, claim 3 or claim 4 Compounds according to any one of the preceding, field detecting device to configure the reflecting mirror or lens surface on the opposite possible to spray the water and air have configured the water injector 61 and the air and the injection device 62, to a foreign matter at the time of the injected water and the operation to form a suction port in the neck portion to be discharged to the outside handle the cleaning device 6 is made of a suction device 63 to be discharged to the outside handle haakgak retractor comprising.
KR20000055521A 2000-09-21 2000-09-21 Mandibular angle retractor KR100402822B1 (en)

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