KR20000012567A - Yellow soil panel and said manufacturing process - Google Patents

Yellow soil panel and said manufacturing process Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20000012567A
KR20000012567A KR1019990057038A KR19990057038A KR20000012567A KR 20000012567 A KR20000012567 A KR 20000012567A KR 1019990057038 A KR1019990057038 A KR 1019990057038A KR 19990057038 A KR19990057038 A KR 19990057038A KR 20000012567 A KR20000012567 A KR 20000012567A
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South Korea
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water
ocher
loess
panel
purified water
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KR1019990057038A
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Korean (ko)
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이강국
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이강국
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Publication of KR20000012567A publication Critical patent/KR20000012567A/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B18/00Use of agglomerated or waste materials or refuse as fillers for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of agglomerated or waste materials or refuse, specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B18/04Waste materials; Refuse
    • C04B18/0481Other specific industrial waste materials not provided for elsewhere in C04B18/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B19/00Machines or methods for applying the material to surfaces to form a permanent layer thereon
    • B28B19/0092Machines or methods for applying the material to surfaces to form a permanent layer thereon to webs, sheets or the like, e.g. of paper, cardboard
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B1/00Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material
    • B28B1/26Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by slip-casting, i.e. by casting a suspension or dispersion of the material in a liquid-absorbent or porous mould, the liquid being allowed to soak into or pass through the walls of the mould; Moulds therefor ; specially for manufacturing articles starting from a ceramic slip; Moulds therefor
    • B28B1/265Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by slip-casting, i.e. by casting a suspension or dispersion of the material in a liquid-absorbent or porous mould, the liquid being allowed to soak into or pass through the walls of the mould; Moulds therefor ; specially for manufacturing articles starting from a ceramic slip; Moulds therefor pressure being applied on the slip in the filled mould or on the moulded article in the mould, e.g. pneumatically, by compressing slip in a closed mould
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B14/00Use of inorganic materials as fillers, e.g. pigments, for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of inorganic materials specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B14/02Granular materials, e.g. microballoons
    • C04B14/04Silica-rich materials; Silicates
    • C04B14/10Clay
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B22/00Use of inorganic materials as active ingredients for mortars, concrete or artificial stone, e.g. accelerators, shrinkage compensating agents
    • C04B22/06Oxides, Hydroxides
    • C04B22/062Oxides, Hydroxides of the alkali or alkaline-earth metals
    • C04B22/064Oxides, Hydroxides of the alkali or alkaline-earth metals of the alkaline-earth metals
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/10Lime cements or magnesium oxide cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2103/00Function or property of ingredients for mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B2103/0068Ingredients with a function or property not provided for elsewhere in C04B2103/00
    • C04B2103/0097Anion- and far-infrared-emitting materials
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

PURPOSE: A loess panel uses a loess residue obtained as a byproduct in the process of preparing an alkaline purified water containing much minerals by adding loess to water, stirring the mixture, passing the supernatant to a two-step filtration system with a motor pump and purifying and sterilizing the supernatant. CONSTITUTION: An environment favorable loess panel comprises:60 wt.% of a loess residue obtained as a byproduct in the process of preparing alkaline purified water involving stirring a mixture of loess and water, filtering the supernatant with a two-step filtration system, and UV sterilizing the supernatant, the loess residue being sterilized at 121°C for 15 minutes; 30 wt.% of lime powder; 0.5-20 wt.% of linen weave; and 0.5-20 wt.% of coal powder.

Description

환경친화형 황토판넬 및 그 제조방법 {Yellow soil panel and said manufacturing process}Eco-friendly ocher panel and its manufacturing method {Yellow soil panel and said manufacturing process}
본 발명은 환경친화형 황토판넬에 관한 것이다. 더욱 상세하게는, 본 발명은 물에 황토를 첨가 후 교반하여 침전시킨 다음 상층수를 모터펌프를 이용하여 2단계 여과시스템(Two-step filtration system)으로 강제 이송시켜 정제 후 살균처리하여서 되는 미네랄이 다량 함유된 알카리성 정제수를 제조하는 과정에서 생산되는 부산물인 황토잔류물을 이용하한 황토판넬 및 그 제조방법에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to an environmentally friendly ocher panel. More specifically, the present invention, after adding ocher to water, stirring and settling, and then, the supernatant is forced to a two-step filtration system by using a motor pump to purify and sterilize the mineral. The present invention relates to a loess panel using a loess residue, which is a by-product produced in the process of preparing a large amount of alkaline purified water, and a method of manufacturing the same.
종래에도 오염된 지하수 또는 수도수(water tap)를 정제하여 정제수를 얻는 방법이 다수 공지 공용되어 왔다. 정제수를 취식한다는 것은 최근과 같이 하천이 오염되고 지하수까지 오염된 수질 및 토양 환경하에서는 가장 긴요하고도 긴박한 실정에 있다. 원수(原水) 예컨대 상수도, 지표수, 지하수 및 폐수를 적절히 처리한 처리수를 정제수로 공급하기 위하여 활성탄 여과장치(carbon filter system)가 공지되어 있다. 이와 같은 시스템은 활성탄(active carbon)의 강력한 흡착력을 이용하여 처리하고자 하는 원수의 맛, 냄새, 잔류염소 또는 유기물을 제거할 수 있어 음료수 제조장치 및 폐수처리장치 등에 활용되어 왔다.Conventionally, a number of methods for obtaining purified water by purifying contaminated ground water or water tap have been commonly known. Eating purified water is the most critical and urgent situation in the water and soil environment in which rivers are contaminated and groundwater is recently contaminated. Activated carbon filter systems are known for supplying purified water to raw water, such as tap water, surface water, groundwater, and wastewater. Such a system has been utilized in a beverage production apparatus and wastewater treatment apparatus because it can remove the taste, smell, residual chlorine or organic matter of raw water to be treated by using strong adsorption power of active carbon.
또, 이온교환수지시스템(Mixed Bed-deionizer system)은 밀폐된 용기내에 양이온 교환수지와 음이온 교환수지를 혼합 충진하고 원수를 통과시켜 원수중의 각종 양·음이온 성분을 제거하여 순수만을 제조하는 장치이며, 이온수지의 성능이 저하되면 염산과 NaOH를 사용하여 재생하여 연속적으로 이용할 수 있는 것이다. 이와 같은 시스템은 정밀화학 및 반도체분야의 전자공업용수 제조에 사용되어 왔다.In addition, the mixed bed-deionizer system is a device that mixes and fills a cation exchange resin and an anion exchange resin in a sealed container, and passes only raw water to remove various positive and negative ions from raw water to produce pure water only. In addition, when the performance of the ion resin is degraded, it can be regenerated using hydrochloric acid and NaOH and used continuously. Such systems have been used for the production of electronic industrial water in the fine chemicals and semiconductor fields.
한편, 역삼투여과시스템(Reverse osmosis system)은 극히 최근에 도입된 여과방식으로 원수를 가압처리하여 상변화없이 용질을 분리 농축하는 방법에 의하여 순수(H2O)만 여과시키고 이온이나 기타 물질의 분자를 제거하는 것으로 음료수를 비롯하여 해수의 담수화 시스템, 전자 및 반도체 장비산업 기타 폐수처리분야에 이르기까지 광범위하게 응용되고 있다.Reverse osmosis system, on the other hand, is a very recently introduced filtration method that pressurizes raw water to separate and concentrate solutes without phase change, filtering only pure water (H 2 O), and generating molecules of ions or other substances. It has been widely applied to beverages, seawater desalination systems, electronics and semiconductor equipment industries and other wastewater treatment fields.
상술한 바와 같이, 오염된 상수도, 지표수, 지하수를 비롯한 공업용수 그리고 폐수에 이르기까지 원수 또는 폐수로부터 미생물, 유기물 기타 불순물을 제거하고 정화하여 순수로 제조하기 위한 다양한 여과시스템이 연구 개발되어 왔으나, 지금까지 지하수, 상수도, 지표수에 황토 등을 첨가하여 인체에 필요한 미네랄을 다량 용출시켜 이를 알칼리성 정제수로 제조하는 방법이나 그 시스템은 전혀 공지된 바 없었다. 더욱이, 상기 신규한 알칼리성 정제수의 제조과정에서 얻어지는 부산물인 황토잔류물을 이용하여 제조된 황토판넬은 전혀 공지된 바 없었다.As described above, various filtration systems have been researched and developed to remove and purify microorganisms, organic matter and other impurities from raw or waste water, including contaminated tap water, surface water, ground water, industrial water, and wastewater. Until now, by adding ocher to groundwater, tap water, and surface water, a large amount of minerals required for human body are eluted, and a method of preparing the same as alkaline purified water has not been known at all. Moreover, no ocher panel manufactured by using ocher residue which is a by-product obtained in the preparation of the novel alkaline purified water has not been known at all.
본 발명은 상기와 같은 점을 감안하여 안출한 것으로 본 발명의 목적은 비교적 오염이 적은 원수(原水)를 이용한 미네랄이 다량 함유된 알카리성 정제수를 제공함에 있다. 본 발명의 다른 목적은, 미네랄이 다량 함유되어 알카리성이면서 세균 등 미생물, 유기물 기타 불순물이 제거된 정제수를 제조하는 방법을 제공한다. 본 발명의 또 다른 목적은, 상기 미네랄이 다량 함유된 황토잔류물을 이용하여 인체 유해세균이 제거된 황토판넬을 제공함에 있다.The present invention has been made in view of the above-mentioned point, and an object of the present invention is to provide alkaline purified water containing a large amount of minerals using relatively little pollution. Another object of the present invention is to provide a method for producing purified water in which a large amount of minerals are alkaline and remove microorganisms such as bacteria, organic substances and other impurities. Still another object of the present invention is to provide an ocher panel from which harmful germs are removed by using ocher residues containing a large amount of the mineral.
특히, 본 발명의 황토판넬은 건축의 벽면, 천정면 및 온돌바닥면에 부착 시공하여 원적외선을 방출하게 하며 탈취작용, 습도조절작용을 하므로서 인체 및 환경친화형 주거공간을 제공하는데 그 목적이 있다.In particular, the ocher panel of the present invention is installed on the wall, ceiling and ondol floor of the building to emit far infrared rays, deodorizing, humidity control to provide a human body and environmentally friendly living space.
본 발명의 상기 목적은 비교적 오염이 적은 원수(原水) 예컨대, 팔당상수원의 원수에 황토를 첨가하여 교반기를 이용하여 교반한 다음 그 상층액 (supernatant)만을 모터펌프를 이용하여 2단계 여과시스템(Two-step filtration system)으로 강제 이송시켜 여과시키고 자외선 살균기(UV sterilizer)로 살균하여 미네랄이 함유된 강알카리성 정제수를 얻은 다음 그 부산물인 황토잔류물을 이용하여 인체 및 환경친화형 황토판넬을 제공함으로써 달성하였다.The above object of the present invention is to add a yellow soil to the raw water of relatively less pollution, such as Paldang water source, and stirred using a stirrer and then only the supernatant using a motor pump, a two-stage filtration system (Two It is achieved by forcibly transporting through a step-filtration system, filtering and sterilizing with an UV sterilizer to obtain strongly alkaline purified water containing minerals, and then using the by-product ocher residues to provide human and environment-friendly ocher panel. It was.
이하, 본 발명의 구체적인 구성 및 작용을 바람직한 도면 및 공정별 실시예를 들어 상세히 설명하지만 본 발명의 권리범위가 이들 실시예에만 한정하지 아니하고, 당업자가 상기 실시예의 범위내에서 얼마든지 일부 구성의 부가 또는 삭제에 의하여 설계 변경하여 실시할 수 있음은 물론이며, 이러한 경우 본 발명의 권리를 침해하는 것이다.Hereinafter, the specific configuration and operation of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to preferred drawings and process-specific embodiments, but the scope of the present invention is not limited only to these embodiments, and those skilled in the art can add some configurations within the scope of the above embodiments. Or by changing the design can be carried out by deletion, of course, in this case violates the rights of the present invention.
도 1은 본 발명 환경친화형 황토판넬의 제조방법의 바람직한 실시예를 도시한 개략공정도이다.Figure 1 is a schematic process diagram showing a preferred embodiment of the method for producing an environmentally friendly ocher panel.
도 2는 본 발명 방법의 2단계 여과시스템(Two-step filtration system)의 바람직한 실시예를 도시한 그림이다.2 is a diagram illustrating a preferred embodiment of a two-step filtration system of the method of the present invention.
본 발명의 바람직한 실시예는 도 1과 도 2에 도시하였다. 이들 도면에 의하면, 본 발명은 원수에 황토를 첨가하는 단계와; 상기 미네랄 공급원이 되는 황토가 혼합된 원료를 교반기에서 교반함으로써 미네랄을 용출하는 단계와; 30∼60분간 침전단계와; 미네랄이 용출된 본 발명의 원료수가 되는 상층액(supernatant)을 모터펌프에 의하여 2단계 여과시스템으로 강제 이송시켜 여과하는 단계와; 여과된 정수를 UV 살균기를 통과시켜 살균하는 단계 및 정제수 제조과정의 부산물인 황토잔류물을 이용하여 황토판넬을 제조하는 단계로 구성됨을 특징으로 한다.Preferred embodiments of the invention are shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. According to these figures, the present invention comprises the steps of adding ocher to raw water; Eluting the minerals by stirring the raw material mixed with ocher to be the mineral source in a stirrer; A precipitation step for 30 to 60 minutes; Forcing the supernatant, which is the raw material water of the present invention, in which the mineral is eluted, to the two-stage filtration system by a motor pump and filtering the same; Sterilizing the filtered purified water through a UV sterilizer and characterized in that it comprises a step of manufacturing the ocher panel by using the ocher residue as a by-product of the purified water manufacturing process.
본 발명에서 원수(原水)는 수도수(water tap), 지하수, 지표수 어느것이라도 무방하나 비교적 오염이 적은 상수원으로 부터 채취한 원수(原水), 예컨대 팔당상수원 원수가 적합하다. 상기 원수의 종류에 따라서 황토를 혼합하여 교반할 때 동일한 조건하에서 황토로부터 유리되는 미네랄(Minerals)의 함량은 차이가 날 수 있다. 한편, 동일한 원수(原水)에 첨가되는 황토의 경우에도 그 출처 즉 산지와 황토의 종류에 따라서도 큰 차이가 있다. 첨가되는 황토의 종류로서 Kaolirite, illite, Montmollilonite, zeolite, pearlite 중에서 필요에 따라 어느것이든 선택하여 첨가할 수 있다.In the present invention, the raw water may be any of tap water, ground water, and surface water, but raw water, for example, Paldang water source water, is collected from a relatively low pollution source. The content of minerals liberated from ocher under the same conditions may vary when the ocher is mixed and stirred according to the type of raw water. On the other hand, in the case of ocher added to the same raw water (原 水) there is a big difference also depending on the source, namely the mountain and the type of loess. As the type of ocher to be added, any one of Kaolirite, illite, Montmollilonite, zeolite and pearlite can be selected and added as necessary.
미네랄 공급원이 되는 황토를 원수에 투입하는 장치로서는 콘베이어 벨트 시스템이 가장 바람직하다. 그리고 교반기는 Rotary type이 가장 바람직하지만 어떠한 공업용 교반기도 무방하다. 로타리 교반기에서 미네랄 공급을 유도하기 위하여 필요한 교반속도는 크게 중요하지 않으나 50∼150 rpm 정도이면 만족스럽다.Conveyor belt systems are most preferred as a device for introducing loess, which is a mineral source, into raw water. And the stirrer is the most preferred rotary type, but any industrial stirrer may be used. The stirring speed required to induce the mineral supply in the rotary stirrer is not critical but is satisfactory at around 50 to 150 rpm.
필요한 경우, 교반기 대신 원심분리기를 사용할 수도 있다.If necessary, a centrifuge may be used instead of the stirrer.
한편, 원수에 첨가하는 황토의 수준은 1∼50 중량%가 바람직하나 더욱 바람직하기로는 20∼30 중량%이다. 황토로부터 미네랄 공급수준을 높히기 위해서는 황토를 autoclave 등에 의하여 121℃에서 15분간 가열하여 태우지 않고 사용하는 것이다. 또, 태우지 않은 생황토(生黃土)로부터 미네랄 용출량을 증대시키기 위한 수단이 채용될 수 있다.On the other hand, the level of ocher added to the raw water is preferably 1 to 50% by weight, more preferably 20 to 30% by weight. In order to increase the level of mineral supply from loess, loess is used without heating by heating at 121 ° C for 15 minutes by autoclave. In addition, a means for increasing the amount of mineral leaching from unburned raw yellow soil can be employed.
교반 후 황토침전에 필요한 시간은 황토의 종류와 첨가량 및 불에 태우는가 그렇지 않은가의 처리여부와 관련되지만 대체로 30∼60분이면 만족스럽다. 교반 후 황토잔류물(Residues)은 필요에 따라 생약재를 첨가하여 피부맛사지용 황토팩에 제공할 수 있다.The time required for ocher settling after stirring is related to the type and amount of ocher and whether it is burned or not, but it is generally satisfactory if it is 30 to 60 minutes. After stirring, ocher residues (Residues) can be provided to the ocher pack for skin massage by adding herbal medicines as needed.
한편, 황토층 위에 분리된 상층액(Supernatant)은 모터펌프에 의하여 2단계 여과시스템(Two-step filtration system)을 통과하면서 여과정수된다(도 2참조).On the other hand, the supernatant separated on the yellow soil layer (Supernatant) is filtered through a two-step filtration system (Two-step filtration system) by a motor pump (see Fig. 2).
제1단계는 압력여과장치(Pressure filter system)를 통과시키는 것으로서 황토로부터 미네랄이 용출된 상기 상층액으로부터 녹(rust), 먼지(dreg), 이물질 (particle) 및 미생물 (microbes)을 제거하는 단계(Ⅰ 단계)이다.The first step is to pass a pressure filter system to remove rust, dust, particles and microbes from the supernatant from which minerals are eluted from the loess ( I stage).
상기 장치는 밀폐된 용기내의 하부에 집수장치를 만들고 그 위에 지지재로서 Silica sand와 Silica gravel을 충진하여 원수가 이 여재를 통과하면서 상기 혼탁물질을 제거하여 탁도를 저하시키는 것이다. 상기 여과장치는 역세척 공정을 거쳐 이물질을 외부로 방출하여 재사용할 수 있으며 Vertical type으로 구성되어 여과면적이 크고, 따라서 균일한 수질을 얻을 수 있다.The device is to make a collecting device in the lower part of the sealed container and fill Silica sand and Silica gravel as a support material thereon to remove turbidity as raw water passes through the filter medium to reduce turbidity. The filtration apparatus may be reused by releasing foreign substances to the outside through a backwashing process, and is configured in a vertical type so that the filtration area is large, thus obtaining uniform water quality.
제2단계는 한외여과 시스템(Ultra-filtration system)으로 상기 제1단게를 거친 유체에 존재하는 먼지(dust) 등 분자량이 물분자 보다 큰 중금속, Virus, 염소, 트리할로메탄, H2S, 냄새물질 기타 오염물질(pollutions)과 부유물질을 제거하는 단계(Ⅱ 단계)이다.The second step is an ultra-filtration system (ultra-filtration system) heavy metals, such as dust present in the fluid passed through the first stage, heavy metals larger than water molecules, Virus, chlorine, trihalo methane, H 2 S, Removes odors and other pollutants and suspended solids (Step II).
일반적으로, 한외여과(Ultra-filtration)는 액체를 반투과막 존재하에 위치시켜 두 종류 즉 일부(통과용)는 막을 통과시키고, 다른 일부(잔류물)는 액체유동 (Liquid fluid)내에 유지시키는 방법이다. 따라서, 본 발명의 한외여과 시스템에서는 베이스액체가 여과망을 통과한다. 이때 반투과막은 관형으로 제작되며 베이스액체는 관내부를 통과하고 투과물은 관을 통과한다. 한편, 반투과막은 중공섬유막으로 형성할 수도 있으며 이때는 중공섬유막의 다발(Bundle)을 관형 하우징 (Housing)내에 내장시킬 수 있으며 베이스액체는 중공섬유막의 심재들을 관통한다.In general, ultra-filtration involves placing a liquid in the presence of a semi-permeable membrane so that two kinds (some of the passages) pass through the membrane and the other (residues) in the liquid fluid. to be. Therefore, in the ultrafiltration system of the present invention, the base liquid passes through the filtering network. At this time, the semi-permeable membrane is made in a tubular shape, the base liquid passes through the tube, and the permeate passes through the tube. On the other hand, the semi-permeable membrane may be formed of a hollow fiber membrane, in which case a bundle of hollow fiber membranes may be embedded in a tubular housing, and the base liquid penetrates the cores of the hollow fiber membrane.
본 발명의 실시예에서 사용되는 베이스액체의 반투과막의 재질은 스테인레스 티탄으로 구성된 금속무기막(金屬無機膜)을 사용하며 이는 입경 30∼40㎛의 균일한 스테인레스 분말을 소결시킨 스테인레스 지지체(두께 0.8∼1.5㎜, 공경 1㎛)의 표면에 동량의 티탄(TiO2) 분말(입경 0.3∼0.5㎛)을 소결한 티탄활성층을 두께 30∼50㎛, 공경 0.1㎛를 도층시킨 Micro filer 막으로 구성된 모듈이 적합하다.The material of the semi-permeable membrane of the base liquid used in the embodiment of the present invention uses a metal inorganic film composed of stainless titanium, which is a stainless support (sintered thickness 0.8) of a uniform stainless powder having a particle diameter of 30 to 40 µm. Module consisting of a micro filer film having a thickness of 30 to 50 μm and a pore diameter of 0.1 μm in a titanium active layer obtained by sintering the same amount of titanium (TiO 2 ) powder (particle diameter of 0.3 to 0.5 μm) on a surface of ˜1.5 mm and a pore diameter of 1 μm. This is suitable.
본 발명의 바람직한 상기 2단계 여과시스템은 도 2에 Ⅰ, Ⅱ 단계로 표시하여 두었다.The preferred two-stage filtration system of the present invention is indicated by the steps I, II in FIG.
상기 제2단계 한외여과 시스템을 통과한 정제수(purified water)는 마지막으로 자외선 살균기(UV sterilizer)를 통과시켜 살균처리한다. 단파인 자외선을 254mm의 파장에서 대체로 모든 미생물 세포를 접촉시켜 핵내 DNA를 불활성화하고 물리적인 충격을 가하여 파괴시킨다.Purified water passed through the second stage ultrafiltration system is finally sterilized by passing through a UV sterilizer. Ultraviolet rays, which are shortwaves, contact all microbial cells at a wavelength of 254 mm, inactivating DNA in the nucleus and destroying them by applying a physical shock.
이와 같이 하여 정제된 정제수는 황토로부터 미네랄이 다량 용출된 알카리성 음료이면서 동시에 E. coli 등 세균 및 어떠한 종류의 곰팡이 포자 및 유기물도 존재하지 않으며 탈취가 완전하여 이미나 이취가 전혀 없는 것으로 평가되었다.Purified water thus purified was an alkaline beverage in which a large amount of minerals were eluted from the loess, and at the same time, bacteria, such as E. coli, and any kind of mold spores and organics were not present.
이하에서는, 본 발명의 상기 2단계 여과시스템에 의하여 제조된 알카리성 정제수의 음료수로서의 적합성을 조사한 후 인체 및 환경친화형 황토판넬을 제공하였다.Hereinafter, after examining the suitability of the alkaline purified water produced by the two-stage filtration system of the present invention as a drinking water to provide a human body and environmental friendly ocher panel.
본 발명의 황토판넬의 제조방법은 도 1에서 도시한 바와 같으며 그 바람직한 조성물은 황토잔류물 스팀 살균여과액 60중량%에 석회분말 30중량%, 마직포 0.5∼20중량%, 참숯가루 0.5∼20중량%로 구성함이 바람직하다.The method for preparing the ocher panel of the present invention is as shown in FIG. 1, and the preferred composition thereof is 60 wt% of ocher residue steam sterilized filtrate, 30 wt% of lime powder, 0.5 to 20 wt% of magic cloth, and 0.5 to 20 percent charcoal powder. It is preferable to comprise 20 weight%.
본 발명 황토판넬의 제조방법은 조성물을 혼합기(Mixer)에 투입하여 균일하게 혼합한 다음 얻은 겔(gel) 상태의 혼합물을 판넬금형에 투입하되 지름 1∼5mm의 망목 1∼5cm 크기의 철망 1개를 또는 2개를 중간에 삽입한 형태로 한 다음 통상의 방법에 따라 프레싱하여 제조한다.In the method of manufacturing the ocher panel of the present invention, the composition is added to a mixer and mixed uniformly, and then the gel mixture obtained is added to a panel mold, but a wire mesh having a diameter of 1 to 5 mm and a mesh of 1 to 5 cm. Or in the form of two inserted in the middle and then prepared by pressing in a conventional manner.
이하, 본 발명의 구체적인 구성 및 작용을 실험예와 실시예를 들어 설명한다.Hereinafter, specific configurations and operations of the present invention will be described with reference to experimental examples and examples.
실험예 1 : 본 발명 정제수의 음료수 적합성 시험Experimental Example 1: Drinking water suitability test of the present invention purified water
본 발명 방법에 따라 제조된 정제수(精製水)의 음료수로서의 적합여부를 확인 평가하기 위하여 시료(試料)를 분석한 결과 다음 표 1a 및 1b와 같은 시험성적을 얻었다. 공시재료로 사용한 본 발명 제품 정수시료의 평가치는 3점의 시료를 조사하여 그 평균치를 얻어 표시하였다.In order to confirm and evaluate the suitability of the purified water prepared according to the method of the present invention as a beverage, the test results were obtained as shown in the following Tables 1a and 1b. The evaluation value of the product purified water sample of this invention used as a test material was investigated by displaying three samples, and displayed the average value.
본 발명 정제수 검체시료의 음료수 적합성 시험성적Drinking water suitability test results of the purified water sample of the present invention
시 험 항 목Test Items 단 위unit 결 과 치Result 시 험 방 법Test Methods
색도Chromaticity Degree 1One 먹는물 수질공정Drinking water quality process
탁도Turbidity NTUNTU 0.10.1 시험법Test method
냄새smell -- enemy
flavor -- enemy
증발잔유물Evaporation residue mg/ℓmg / ℓ 9595
pH(20℃)pH (20 ℃) -- 8.28.2
경도(as CaCO3)Hardness (as CaCO 3 ) mg/ℓmg / ℓ 4343
NH3-NNH 3- N mg/ℓmg / ℓ 0.070.07
Cl- Cl - mg/ℓmg / ℓ 1010
NO3-NNO 3- N mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
CN- CN - mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
F- F - mg/ℓmg / ℓ 0.20.2
SO4 2- SO 4 2- mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
AsAs mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
CdCD mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
Cr6+ Cr 6+ mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
FeFe mg/ℓmg / ℓ 0.020.02
PbPb mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
SeSe mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
MnMn mg/ℓmg / ℓ 0.370.37
HgHg mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
ZnZn mg/ℓmg / ℓ 0.240.24
과망간산칼륨소비량Potassium Permanganate Consumption mg/ℓmg / ℓ 3.13.1
세제Detergent mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
AlAl mg/ℓmg / ℓ 0.160.16
페놀phenol mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
총트리할로메탄Total trihalomethane mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
말라티온Malathion mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
파라티온Parathion mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
페니트리티온Penitrition mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
다이아지논Diazinon mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
1.1.1-트리클로로에탄1.1.1-trichloroethane mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
트리클로로에틸렌Trichloroethylene mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
테트라클로로에틸렌Tetrachloroethylene mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
카바릴Cabaril mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
본 발명 정제수 검체시료의 음료수 적합성 시험성적Drinking water suitability test results of the purified water sample of the present invention
시 험 항 목Test Items 단 위unit 결 과 치Result 시 험 방 법Test Methods
디클로로에탄Dichloroethane mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
벤젠benzene mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
톨루엔toluene mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
에틸벤젠Ethylbenzene mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
크실렌xylene mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
1.1-디클로로에틸렌1.1-dichloroethylene mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
사염화탄소Carbon tetrachloride mg/ℓmg / ℓ 불검출Not detected
일반세균General bacteria CFU/㎖CFU / mL 불검출Not detected
대장균군Coliform group -- 음성voice
용도 : 품질관리용[한국화학시험연구원]비고 : 1. 이 시험성적서는 용도 이외의 사용을 금함2. 상기 내용은 의뢰자가 제공한 시료에 대한 결과이며,시료명은 의뢰자가 제시한 것임.Use: For quality control [Korea Testing and Research Institute] Remarks: 1. This test report is forbidden to be used for other purposes. The above is the result of the sample provided by the sponsor, and the sample name is presented by the sponsor.
표 1a 및 1b에서 확인되는 바와 같이, 수질평가 결과는 먹는물 수질공정 시험법에 의거 이루어졌으며 색도 1, 탁도 0.1, 냄새와 맛은 적합한 것으로 나타났고 pH는 20℃에서 8.5로 나타났다.As confirmed in Tables 1a and 1b, the water quality evaluation results were made according to the drinking water quality test method, color 1, turbidity 0.1, odor and taste were found to be suitable, pH was 8.5 at 20 ℃.
또한, 본 발명 정제수 제품은 일반세균과 E. coli가 검출되지 아니하여 음료수로서 적합한 것으로 확인되었다. 일반 세균과 E. coli 기타 유기물이 검출되지 않은 것은 본 발명 다단계 여과공정을 거쳐 최종적으로 UV 살균기를 통과하기 때문인 것으로 확인되었다.In addition, the purified water product of the present invention was found to be suitable as a beverage because the normal bacteria and E. coli was not detected. It was confirmed that the general bacteria and E. coli other organics were not detected through the UV sterilizer through the multi-stage filtration process of the present invention.
실험예 2 : 황토의 전처리 유무와 물시료의 적합성 여부조사Experimental Example 2: Investigation of the presence of pretreatment of ocher and suitability of water sample
본 발명 제품 정제수를 제조하기 위하여 첨가하는 황토는 지하수 : 황토의 비율을 5 : 1로 하였으며 황토를 사전에 auto clave에서 121℃에서 15분 살균 처리한 후 사용하여 제조된 검체(檢體)를 A로 하여 제조된 정제수에 대하여 미네랄 함유량을 평가한 결과는 다음 표 2와 같다.The ocher added to prepare the purified water of the present invention was ground water: ocher ratio of 5: 1, and the sample was prepared by sterilizing the ocher for 15 minutes at 121 ° C. in an auto clave in advance. The results of evaluating the mineral content of the purified water prepared as shown in Table 2 below.
본 실험은 대전에 소재하는 기초과학연구소(Tel. 042-865-3440∼9) 동위원소팀에 분석의뢰하여 이루어졌다.This experiment was conducted by requesting an isotope team to the Institute of Basic Science (Tel. 042-865-3440-9) in Daejeon.
기초과학연구소(1999. 9. 7) (단위 : ppm)Basic Science Institute (September 9, 1999) (Unit: ppm)
구 분division AA
NaNa 4.834.83
MgMg 1.931.93
SiSi 4.234.23
KK 1.051.05
CaCa 8.298.29
SrSr 0.120.12
AlAl 8.448.44
CrCr 0.240.24
MnMn 0.370.37
LiLi 2.292.29
FeFe 0.020.02
AsAs 0.350.35
BaBa 36.336.3
(주) : 시료 A는 교반기내에서 회전속도 100rpm, 40분간 교반한 후 5시간침전한 후 분석한 수치임Note: Sample A is the value analyzed after settling at 100 rpm for 40 minutes in the stirrer and then for 5 hours.
표 2에서 알 수 있는 바와 같이, 본 발명 물시료는 Al(200>), Cr(50>), Mn(300>), As(50>) 이하로서 음료수로서 적합한 것을 확인하였으며 생황토를 사용하여 제조된 정제수의 미네랄 함량이 높아 알칼리성이 높았음이 확인되었다.As can be seen from Table 2, the water sample of the present invention was found to be suitable as a beverage as Al (200>), Cr (50>), Mn (300>), As (50>) or less. It was confirmed that the alkali content was high because the mineral content of the purified water was high.
실험예 3 : 본 발명 제품 정제수의 살균효과 실험Experimental Example 3 Test of Sterilization Effect of Purified Water of the Present Invention
본 발명 방법과 시스템을 이용하여 제조된 본 발명 제품 정제수의 살균효과를 시험하기 위하여 본 발명자들에 의하여 제작된 UV sterilizer HS-4HW에 검체를 통과시킨 결과 살균율은 다음 표 3과 같다.In order to test the sterilization effect of the purified water of the product of the present invention prepared using the method and system of the present invention, the sterilization rate of the result of passing the sample through the UV sterilizer HS-4HW produced by the present inventors is shown in Table 3 below.
본 발명 제품 정제수의 살균효과Sterilization effect of purified water of the present invention product
시험항목Test Items 단위unit 초기농도Initial concentration UV 살균후After UV sterilization 살균율(%)Sterilization Rate (%)
E. coliE. coli CFU/㎖CFU / mL 1.1×103 1.1 × 10 3 00 100100
S. aureusS. aureus CFU/㎖CFU / mL 1.3×103 1.3 × 10 3 00 100100
상기 실험결과와 같이 본 발명 살균장치를 통과하는 경우 모든 Microbes와 Bacteria가 살균되는 것을 확인할 수 있었다.When passing through the sterilization apparatus of the present invention as shown in the experimental results it was confirmed that all the microbes and Bacteria sterilized.
실시예 1Example 1
로터리 교반기에 황토 20kg을 물 10L와 함께 투입한 다음, 100rpm으로 40분간 교반한 후 5시간 침전시킨 다음 상층액만을 모타펌프를 이용하여 제1단계 압력여과장치를 통과시킨 후 제2단계 한외여과시스템을 통과시켜 UV 살균기를 통과시켜 살균처리하여 알칼리성 정제수 9.45L(pH 8.52)를 얻었다.Into the rotary stirrer 20kg of ocher with 10L of water, stirred for 40 minutes at 100rpm and settled for 5 hours, and then passed the first stage pressure filtration system using a motor pump only the supernatant and then the second stage ultrafiltration system It was passed through a UV sterilizer and sterilized to obtain 9.45 L of alkaline purified water (pH 8.52).
실시예 2Example 2
상기 실시예 1에 황토 30kg을 사용한 것 외에는 모두 동일하게 하여 알칼리성 정제수 9.22L(pH 8.73)를 얻었다.9.22 L (pH 8.73) of alkaline purified water were obtained in the same manner except that 30 kg of loess was used in Example 1.
실시예 3Example 3
상기 실시예 2의 제조과정에서 생산된 부산물인 황토잔류물을 121℃에서 스팀으로 15분간 가열한 다음 300메쉬 여과망을 통과시켜 얻은 잔류물 60kg에 대하여 석회분말 30kg, 마직포 0.5∼20kg, 참숯가루 0.5∼20kg을 첨가하여 수분조정한 다음 상기 조성물을 혼합기에서 잘 혼합한 다음 겔 상태의 혼합물을 판넬금형에 투입하되 철망을 1∼2개 개재하여 프레싱하여 본 발명 황토판넬을 제조하였다.The clay residue 30kg, magic cloth 0.5-20kg, true charcoal powder with respect to the residue 60kg obtained by heating the by-product ocher residue produced in the manufacturing process of Example 2 with steam at 121 ° C. for 15 minutes and passing through a 300 mesh filter net After adjusting water by adding 0.5 to 20 kg, the composition was mixed well in a mixer, and then the gel mixture was put into a panel mold, and pressed through one or two wire meshes to prepare the ocher panel of the present invention.
이와 같이 제조된 황토판넬은 유해세균이 제거되고 견고성에서 뛰어날 뿐만 아니라 원적외선이 방사되어 인체에 있어서 세포간 진동원리에 의거 혈행이 촉진되며 그 결과 인체건강에 효과가 우수할 뿐만 아니라, 쾌적한 실내환경과 새로운 주거 및 건축문화를 발전시킬 수 있는 것으로 판명되었다.The ocher panel manufactured in this way is not only harmful bacteria removed and excellent in robustness, but also far infrared rays are radiated to promote blood circulation based on the intercellular vibration principle in the human body. It proved to be able to develop new housing and building culture.
이상 실시예와 실험예를 통하여 확인되는 바와 같이, 본 발명은 지금까지 존재하지 아니하는 미네랄이 다량 함유된 신규한 알카리성 정제수를 제공하는 효과가 있을뿐만 아니라, 본 발명 방법 및 2단계 여과시스템에 의하면 비교적 덜 오염된 원수(原水)를 정제하여 음료수 및 세제조성물로서 사용할 수 있게되어 환경공해가 없는 새로운 type의 신규한 알카리성 정제수 음료를 제공하고 정제수 제조과정의 부산물을 이용하여 인체에 유용한 건축문화를 창달할 수 있는 새로운 형태의 황토패널을 제공하는 뛰어난 효과가 있으므로 음료산업 및 건축자재 산업상 매우 유용한 발명인 것이다.As confirmed through the above examples and experimental examples, the present invention not only has the effect of providing a novel alkaline purified water containing a large amount of minerals that do not exist so far, but also according to the method and the two-stage filtration system of the present invention. It can be used as a beverage and detergent composition by refining less polluted raw water, providing a new type of alkaline purified water drink with no environmental pollution, and creating a useful architectural culture for human body by using by-products of purified water manufacturing process. It is a very useful invention for the beverage industry and building materials industry because it has an excellent effect of providing a new type of ocher panel.

Claims (3)

  1. 원수(原水)에 황토를 첨가하여 교반한 다음 얻은 상층액(supernatant)을 2단계 여과방식을 이용하여 여과한 다음, UV 살균처리하여 제조되는 알칼리성 정제수 제조과정의 부산물인 황토잔류물을 121℃에서 15분간 살균 잔류물 60중량%에 석회분말 30중량%, 마직포 0.5∼20중량%, 참숯가루 0.5∼20중량%로 구성됨을 특징으로 하는 환경친화형 황토판넬 조성물.After the ocher was added to the raw water and stirred, the obtained supernatant was filtered using a two-stage filtration method, and the ocher residue, a by-product of the alkaline purified water prepared by UV sterilization, was treated at 121 ° C. Eco-friendly ocher earth panel composition, characterized in that consisting of 30% by weight of lime powder, 0.5-20% by weight of magic cloth, 0.5-20% by weight of charcoal powder in 60% by weight of the sterilization residue.
  2. 제1항 기재의 조성물을 혼합기에서 혼합하여 겔(gel) 상태의 혼합물을 얻고 이를 판넬금형에 투입하되 지름 1∼5mm, 망목 1∼5cm 크기의 철망을 중간 또는 상하면에 개재하여 프레싱함을 특징으로 하는 환경친화형 황토판넬 제조방법.The composition of claim 1 is mixed in a mixer to obtain a gel-like mixture, which is introduced into a panel mold, and is pressed through a middle or upper surface of a wire mesh having a diameter of 1 to 5 mm and a mesh of 1 to 5 cm. Environmental friendly ocher panel manufacturing method.
  3. 제2항 기재의 방법으로 제조된 환경친화형 철망이 개재된 황토판넬.The ocher panel interposed between the environmentally friendly wire mesh produced by the method of claim 2.
KR1019990057038A 1999-12-13 1999-12-13 Yellow soil panel and said manufacturing process KR20000012567A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20000036357A (en) * 2000-02-23 2000-07-05 김지일 Far infrared ray radiative panel and manufacturing method thereof
KR100937778B1 (en) * 2009-08-25 2010-01-20 노미화 Method of manufacturing charcoal boards and charcoal boards using the same
KR100937779B1 (en) * 2009-08-25 2010-01-20 노미화 Method of manufacturing charcoal boards and charcoal boards using the same

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20000036357A (en) * 2000-02-23 2000-07-05 김지일 Far infrared ray radiative panel and manufacturing method thereof
KR100937778B1 (en) * 2009-08-25 2010-01-20 노미화 Method of manufacturing charcoal boards and charcoal boards using the same
KR100937779B1 (en) * 2009-08-25 2010-01-20 노미화 Method of manufacturing charcoal boards and charcoal boards using the same

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