KR102103555B1 - Method for constructing building using strawbale block - Google Patents

Method for constructing building using strawbale block Download PDF

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Publication number
KR102103555B1
KR102103555B1 KR1020170085088A KR20170085088A KR102103555B1 KR 102103555 B1 KR102103555 B1 KR 102103555B1 KR 1020170085088 A KR1020170085088 A KR 1020170085088A KR 20170085088 A KR20170085088 A KR 20170085088A KR 102103555 B1 KR102103555 B1 KR 102103555B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
gaebion
block
strobe
straw
straw bale
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020170085088A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20190004614A (en
Inventor
최광훈
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최광훈
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Priority to KR1020170085088A priority Critical patent/KR102103555B1/en
Publication of KR20190004614A publication Critical patent/KR20190004614A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of KR102103555B1 publication Critical patent/KR102103555B1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C1/00Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings
    • E04C1/40Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings built-up from parts of different materials, e.g. composed of layers of different materials or stones with filling material or with insulating inserts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/04Walls having neither cavities between, nor in, the solid elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0202Details of connections
    • E04B2002/0243Separate connectors or inserts, e.g. pegs, pins or keys

Abstract

The present invention relates to a straw bale block using gaebion and a method for manufacturing the same, a gaebion having a box-shaped network structure, an inner skin adhering to the inner side of the gaebion, and a straw bale housed in the inner skin of the inner skin. Provided is a straw bale block using gaebion, which can quickly and easily construct the same building, and a manufacturing method and construction method thereof.

Description

Method for constructing building using strawbale block

The present invention relates to a straw bale block using gaebion, a manufacturing method and a construction method thereof, and more particularly, to a straw bale block using gaebion, a method of manufacturing and a construction method to quickly and easily construct a building. It is about.

Recently, interest in a straw bale house using rice straw as a building material has increased. Rice straw is a natural material that is sustainable with or without fossil fuels such as petroleum, because it is produced through photosynthesis using sunlight. These rice straws are made of building blocks made of chemical materials and have various advantages such as adsorbing volatile substances such as formaldehyde that causes sick house syndrome in the house constructed and can also obtain dehumidification and deodorization effects. The advantages of rice straw are in the spotlight, and the construction of the straw house is gradually spreading as the population of farmers increases and the atmosphere of well-being culture spreads.

There are load-bearing, infill, and hybrid methods that combine the load-bearing and filling methods.

The bearing wall method is a method in which crests are stacked like bricks, and it is difficult to construct more than two stories due to the deformation of the structure by vertical load.

The filling method is a method of making a pillar and a roof made of wood or steel, and filling the crests between the columns and the columns, so that a solid structure can be obtained by using wood or steel as the pillars and support beams. It takes as much construction cost.

The mixing method has the advantage of being able to make a sturdy wall by using cement or soil between the crests, but it is difficult to use environmentally friendly construction because it requires a lot of cement.

On the other hand, the straw bale used as a construction material for the conventional straw bale house is difficult to compress and mold into a uniform area, weight, and thickness, so that the compress state of the strobe is released during construction, and this causes the hassle of performing the compaction operation again. there was.

The present invention has been devised to solve the problems of the prior art described above, and is environmentally friendly, while maintaining a heat insulation, sound absorption and sound insulation performance, a straw bale block using gaebion that can secure even breathability, a manufacturing method and a construction method thereof The purpose is to provide.

In addition, another object of the present invention is to provide a straw bale block using Gaebion, which can reduce construction costs by minimizing the use of expensive wood and steel used for pillars or supports during construction, and a manufacturing method and construction method thereof To have.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a straw bale block using gaebion, which is easy to construct and minimizes time, cost, and effort required for construction, and a manufacturing method and construction method thereof.

As a means for solving the above technical problem,

The present invention is a gaebion having a box-like network structure; An endothelium adhered to the inside of the gaebion; It provides a strobe block using gaebion containing; and a strobe attached to the inside of the endothelium.

In this case, a protrusion is formed on the upper portion of the gaebion, a groove is formed on the lower portion, and the groove can have a shape corresponding to the protrusion.

In this case, the gaebion may have at least one stepped portion.

In this case, the gaebion may be made of any one or more selected from metal wire, wood, and plastic.

In this case, the gaebion may be bound by meshes, hooks, or metal wires facing each other to prevent bloating.

In this case, a finishing material for preventing condensation is formed on the outside of the gaebion, and the finishing material may be formed of at least one selected from extruded rubber, plastic, and silicone.

In this case, the gabions adjacent to the gabions may be bound to each other by clamps, ties, or metal wires.

In this case, the straw bale may include any one or more selected from hay, sawdust, charcoal, ocher, chaff, salt, and germanium.

In addition, the present invention (a) inserting a gaebion inside the baler; (b) attaching an endothelium to the inside of the gaebion; (c) filling the endothelial with rice straw, followed by compression molding with a press; And (d) finishing the exterior of the gaebion with a finishing material. A method of manufacturing a straw bale block using gaebion is provided.

In addition, the present invention comprises the steps of: (a) preparing a strobe block in which endothelium and strobe are sequentially received in a gaebion having a protrusion, a groove, or a stepped portion; (b) (b) arranging a large number of the strobe blocks in a horizontal direction so that the stepped portions are matched with each other, and binding the gabions adjacent to the gabions with clamps, ties, or metal wires; (c) bundling different strobe blocks so that the protrusions and the grooves are formed on top of the horizontally connected and connected strobe blocks, binding the gaebion in the same manner as in step (b); And (d) inserting any one or more of ocher mortar, straw mat, and bale between the gaebion and the adjacent gabion to maintain airtightness.

According to the present invention, the strobe is accommodated inside the gaebion and is configured in a block form, so that the supporting force can be secured and stacked in multiple stages, and can be stacked vertically with respect to the ground, thereby reducing the number of blocks required for stacking. In addition, it is possible to minimize the use of expensive wood and iron materials.

In addition, since it is manufactured in a predetermined size and shape prior to the construction of a building such as a straw bale and is put into the field, it is possible to quickly and easily construct and reduce construction costs.

In addition, natural materials, such as rice straw, are compression molded and processed into blocks, which are environmentally friendly, and can maintain air permeability while maintaining insulation, sound absorption, and sound insulation effects.

In addition, it is possible to flexibly respond to the situation in the field because the width and length can be easily adjusted by adding or subtracting blocks or cutting, processing, and connecting blocks depending on the circumstances of the building site.

In addition, the gabion adjacent to the gabion can be constructed simply by binding and connecting with a clamp, tie, iron wire, etc., and there is no restriction on climatic conditions, so it is possible to proceed quickly.

In addition, since the endothelium is installed inside the gaebion, and the straw bale is injected therein to compress it, the amount of cement used can be reduced.

In addition, the load absorbing force transmitted in the horizontal and vertical directions is excellent, so that the structural stability of the building can be maintained.

In addition, it is possible to produce a standardized block with uniform strength, the same weight and size, and it is also possible to produce a thicker block that can exhibit more improved thermal insulation effect as needed.

In addition, standardization makes it easy to design houses and calculate construction costs, and it is easy to bulk load, store, and move, which can significantly reduce manpower and overall costs required for construction.

Figure 1a is a perspective view of a straw bale block using gaebion according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention,
Figure 1b is a perspective view showing a modification of the straw bale block using the gaebion shown in Figure 1a,
2 is a cross-sectional view taken along line AA of FIG. 1,
3a to 3c is a perspective view showing another modification of the straw bale block using the gaebion shown in Figure 1b,
Figure 4 is a view showing the construction state of the strobe block using gaebion shown in Figure 1b.

Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings so that those skilled in the art to which the present invention pertains can easily practice. However, the present invention may be implemented in various different forms, and is not limited to the embodiments described herein. In addition, in order to clearly describe the present invention in the drawings, parts irrelevant to the description are omitted, and similar parts will be described with reference to like parts throughout the specification.

Figure 1a is a perspective view of a straw bale block using gaebion according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, Figure 1b is a perspective view showing a modification of the straw bale block using gaebion shown in Figure 1a, Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view AA of Figure 1, 3A to 3C are perspective views showing another modification of the straw bale block using gaebion shown in FIG. 1B, and FIG. 4 is a view showing a construction state of the straw bale block using gaebion shown in FIG. 1B.

1A, 1B, 2, 3A to 3C, and 4, the strobe block 100 using gaebion according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention (hereinafter, referred to as the 'strove block 100') ) Includes gabion 110, endothelium 120 and straw bale 130.

Gaebion 110 serves as a bearing wall of a building and has a box-type network structure. That is, the gaebion 110 has a structure in which a network of a plurality of grids is formed in a hexahedral shape.

The gaebion 110 may be modified in a form other than a hexahedron, but it is preferable to have a hexahedral or cuboid shape to facilitate lamination and secure stability during construction of the building. However, the gaebion 110 may have an open shape on both sides as shown in FIGS. 1B and 3A to 3C so that the endothelium 120 and the straw bale 130 can be loaded therein, as required. As shown in Figure 1a, it is also possible to close both sides after loading of the endothelium 120 and the straw bale 130.

The manufacturing method of Gaebion 110 is not particularly limited. For example, a plurality of wires may be intersected to be disposed at regular intervals, and the intersections may be welded with electrical resistance, or a grid-shaped network may be cut into a predetermined shape and bent into a hexahedral shape, and adjacent networks may be connected to each other.

As a material of the gaebion 110, metal wire, wood, plastic, etc. may be used to secure support rigidity, and metal wire, wood, and plastic may be mixed and used. In the case of the metal wire, for example, iron wire is easy to corrode depending on the surrounding environment, so it is preferable to use zinc plated on the surface.

On the other hand, the inside of the gaebion 110, the inner skin 120 and the straw bale 130 are accommodated. When the filling amount of the straw bale 130 is somewhat excessive, the gaebion 110 is convexly projecting outwardly. May appear. In order to prevent such a filling phenomenon, the gaebion 110 may be bound with metal wires, such as a mesh, a hook, a hook, or an iron wire facing each other. With this configuration, since the opposing network of the gaebion 110 is fixed to a certain width by the binding member, even if the strobe is excessively filled, the gabion 110 does not expand and the cube shape can be maintained.

In addition, a finishing material (not shown) may be formed on the outside of the gabion 110. That is, since the straw bale block 100 of the present invention is used as a building material for a building such as a straw bale house, when the straw bale block 100 is in direct contact with the outside air in an installation state, condensation is caused by the temperature difference between the inside air and the outside air. Can occur. Therefore, in the present invention, the condensation is prevented by attaching a finishing material to the outside of the gaebion 110. Extrusion rubber, plastic, silicone, etc. can be used as the finishing material.

The gabion 110 described above may be modified in various forms to structurally and firmly adhere to adjacent gabions when multiple strobe blocks 100 are stacked in a vertical or horizontal direction.

First, the gabion 110 may have a protrusion 111 and a groove 112 as shown in FIG. 3A. Specifically, the protrusion 111 is formed on the upper portion of the gaebion 110, and the groove 112 is formed on the lower portion of the gabion 110. In this case, the groove 112 has a shape corresponding to the protrusion 111, and when another straw bale block is stacked on the top of the straw bale block 100, the protrusion of the lower gabion is fitted into the groove of the upper gaebion. Structural stability can be ensured. On the other hand, when laminating the straw bale block 100, inserting a sealing material 140 such as ocher mortar, straw bale mat, bale, etc. between the gabion 110 and the adjacent gabion (see FIG. 4) can maintain airtightness. Do.

In addition, the gaebion 110 may have at least one stepped portion 113 as illustrated in FIGS. 3B and 3C. When the stepped portion 113 is formed on the gabion 110, when the straw bale block 100 is stacked, the stepped portion of another gabion is mounted on the stepped portion 113 of the gabion 110, so construction is very convenient. It can be made stably.

In particular, when the shape of the gaebion 110 is modified as described above, the straw bale block according to the combination of the protrusion 111, the groove 112, and the stepped portion 113 of the straw bale block adjacent to the straw bale block 100 Since 100) can be stacked in various forms, construction convenience of buildings can be significantly improved, and construction time can be significantly shortened.

On the other hand, the multi-stage stacked multiple gaebion 110 is securely fixed by being bound to each other using a fastening means 150, as shown in FIG. As the fastening means 150, a metal wire such as a clamp, a tie, or an iron wire may be used, and is not particularly limited.

The endothelium 120 is for preventing the separation of the straw bale 130 and is adhered to the inside of the gaebion 110. However, in the drawings, for a clear understanding of the present invention, the endothelium 120 is shown spaced apart from the gaebion 110.

In the case of the endothelium 120, it is preferable that the straw bale 130 has a substantially the same shape as the gabion 110 so that it is sufficiently filled inside the gabion 110. As the endothelial 120, a material having a network structure such as a non-woven fabric, cotton cloth, bale, fiber mesh (PE material), metallas, or the like can be applied.

The straw bale 130 is for insulation, sound absorption, sound insulation, and the like and is accommodated in the interior of the endothelium 120. In the present invention, the straw bale 130 means straw that is compression-molded in a cuboid shape in the baler as described below, and hay, sawdust, charcoal, ocher, and chaff charcoal to obtain additional effects such as moisture proof, direction, and far infrared emission. , Salt, germanium, etc. can be mixed at a constant rate.

The straw bale block using gaebion according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention has been described above. Hereinafter, a method and method of manufacturing a straw bale block using gaebion according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described.

First, a cuboid of a rectangular parallelepiped structure is inserted into the inside of a baler, and an endothelium is attached to the inside of the gabion. Thereafter, rice straw, hay, etc. are put inside the endothelium and compression-molded with a press. Finally, when the exterior of Gaebion is finished with a finishing material, the straw bale block of the present invention is completed. In this case, the straw block may have a protrusion, a groove, and a stepped portion as described above.

The finished straw block is constructed in the following way.

First, a plurality of strobe blocks are arranged in a horizontal direction. In this case, the strobe block adjacent to the strobe block may be arranged in a manner of matching the stepped portion and the stepped portion, and after the arrangement is completed, the gaebion is bound with a clamp, tie, metal wire, or the like.

Subsequently, another strobe block is sequentially stacked and stacked on top of the strobe block, which is horizontally arranged and connected. The vertical stacking of the straw bale blocks may be achieved by matching the stepped portions and the stepped portions of the upper straw block or inserting protrusions into the grooves. In this case, an ocher mortar, a straw bale mat, a bale, etc. may be inserted between the gaebions to maintain the airtightness between the strobe block and the adjacent strobe block.

Finally, by repeatedly performing the above-described process, it is possible to construct a desired strobe house.

The preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described above in detail with reference to the drawings. The description of the present invention is for illustration only, and those skilled in the art to which the present invention pertains will understand that it is possible to easily modify to other specific forms without changing the technical spirit or essential features of the present invention.

Therefore, the scope of the present invention is indicated by the claims, which will be described later, rather than by the detailed description above, and all modified or modified forms derived from the meaning, scope, and equivalent concepts of the claims are included in the scope of the present invention. It should be interpreted as.

100: Strobe bale block using Gaebion
110: Gaebion 111: protrusion
112: groove 113: stepped portion
120: endothelial 130: straw bale
140: sealing material

Claims (10)

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  10. (A) preparing a strobe block in which endothelium and strobe are sequentially received in a gaebion having a protrusion, a groove, or a stepped portion;
    (b) arranging a large number of the strobe blocks in a horizontal direction so that the stepped portions are matched with each other, and binding the gabions adjacent to the gabions with clamps, ties, or metal wires;
    (c) bundling different strobe blocks so that the protrusions and the grooves are formed on top of the horizontally connected and connected strobe blocks, binding the gaebion in the same manner as in step (b); And
    (d) inserting any one or more of ocher mortar, straw mat, and bale between the gaebion and the adjacent gabion to maintain airtightness;
    Building construction method using a straw bale block comprising a.
KR1020170085088A 2017-07-04 2017-07-04 Method for constructing building using strawbale block KR102103555B1 (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020170085088A KR102103555B1 (en) 2017-07-04 2017-07-04 Method for constructing building using strawbale block

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KR20190004614A KR20190004614A (en) 2019-01-14
KR102103555B1 true KR102103555B1 (en) 2020-04-22

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Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101490212B1 (en) * 2014-08-13 2015-02-06 주식회사 경하이앤씨 Side reinforced gabion
KR200483455Y1 (en) * 2015-09-07 2017-05-18 (주)남영산업 Soil wall without mould

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20110032450A (en) * 2009-09-23 2011-03-30 임영환 Strawbale block of mortar insertion mold and press
KR101314919B1 (en) * 2011-07-19 2013-10-04 김병구 Vegetation mat

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101490212B1 (en) * 2014-08-13 2015-02-06 주식회사 경하이앤씨 Side reinforced gabion
KR200483455Y1 (en) * 2015-09-07 2017-05-18 (주)남영산업 Soil wall without mould

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