KR101885301B1 - Yellow Soil Wall for controlling thickness and Construction Method thereof - Google Patents

Yellow Soil Wall for controlling thickness and Construction Method thereof Download PDF

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KR101885301B1
KR101885301B1 KR1020160046339A KR20160046339A KR101885301B1 KR 101885301 B1 KR101885301 B1 KR 101885301B1 KR 1020160046339 A KR1020160046339 A KR 1020160046339A KR 20160046339 A KR20160046339 A KR 20160046339A KR 101885301 B1 KR101885301 B1 KR 101885301B1
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South Korea
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weight
parts
net
loess
plate
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KR1020160046339A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20160124021A (en
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구병회
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구병회
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/842Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ by projecting or otherwise applying hardenable masses to the exterior of a form leaf
    • E04B2/845Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ by projecting or otherwise applying hardenable masses to the exterior of a form leaf the form leaf comprising a wire netting, lattice or the like
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2/562Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with fillings between the load-bearing elongated members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
    • E04B2/8611Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms with spacers being embedded in at least one form leaf

Abstract

The present invention relates to a loess wall which is easy to construct and a method of constructing the loess wall, comprising: first stays installed up and down; A first net of a net structure coupled to one side of the struts and supported by the first struts; A second net- work having a network structure installed to face the first net- work; Second strands connected to one side of the second strand to support the second strand; Connecting means for interconnecting the first and second nets; And a loess layer formed by filling a loess dough between the first and second loess layers. The loess layer is very fast and easy to construct, has excellent strength of loess loess, And the mortar of yellow clay formed by the inner wall finishing part of the loess wall has an advantage that it does not contain cement and does not cause cracking even after the lapse of time after finishing.

Description

{Yellow Soil Wall for controlling thickness and construction method thereof}

The present invention relates to a loess wall which is easy to construct and a method of constructing the loess wall. More specifically, the present invention relates to a loess wall which is very fast and easy to construct, has excellent strength of a loess wall and can prevent insects, Which is easy to install, and a construction method thereof.

Horticulture has excellent far infrared radiation effect and antimicrobial effect, and it has effects of promoting metabolism, restoring fatigue, insulation, insulation and soundproofing. When it is used in buildings, it is cool in summer, warm in winter, Excellent effects are well known.

However, in spite of its excellent efficacy, loess is not easy to form due to its weak strength, and there is a risk of cracking or breakage, and thus it is difficult to use it in buildings such as houses and apartments.

Specifically, the clay loam usually has loamy bricks made of loess, the walls are multi-tiered, and the clay is decorated with loess and the loess clay is built.

However, such clay houses require considerable manpower and work time for the production and masonry of bricks, and there is a problem in safety due to the impact of shock and vibration pressure due to the characteristics of the loess wall, and a large burden is imposed on the loess .

In Korean Patent Registration No. 10-1275103 (Mar. 17, 2013), a lattice-shaped wall frame is assembled by using wood, and the wall frame is fixed with a connecting hardware in a state where the wall frame is spaced apart from each other, There is disclosed a precast loam wall in which an iron plate is attached to the outside of a framework of a wall frame and the filling material is filled in the framework frame.

However, the clay wall is time-consuming and very complicated because it is necessary to make a wood frame with a lattice structure by horizontally and vertically arranging several pieces of wood. In addition, it is troublesome that a process of attaching an iron plate after making a wall frame is troublesome. Further, there is a problem that a work process of forming a perforation hole in the steel plate to improve the adhesion of the loess to the steel sheet must be further performed. In addition, since the two walls are fixed by the connecting hardware, it is impossible to control the thickness of the wall in a state where it is once fixed.

KR 10-1275103 B1 2013.06.17.

An object of the present invention is to provide a method of constructing a loess wall which is very fast and simple in construction, has an excellent strength of a loess wall, can prevent insects and can prevent cracking of a loess layer, will be.

In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following means.

The present invention provides an elevator comprising first and second pillars vertically installed; A first net of a net structure coupled to one side of the struts and supported by the first struts; A second net- work having a network structure installed to face the first net- work; Second strands connected to one side of the second strand to support the second strand; Connecting means for interconnecting the first and second nets; And a loess layer formed by filling the loess dough between the first netting and the second netting, wherein the loess dough comprises 5 to 10 parts by weight of rice straw, 3 to 5 parts by weight of sawdust, 5 to 10 parts by weight of silicon dioxide, 2 to 4 parts by weight of calcium oxide (CaO), 5 to 10 parts by weight of blast furnace slag, 1 to 3 parts by weight of lime, 5 to 10 parts by weight of rice hull ash, 1 to 5 parts by weight of elvan 1 to 3 parts by weight of a fiber, 1 to 5 parts by weight of a rubber tree sap, and 10 to 20 parts by weight of a stirring water.

The agitated water was added to 55 wt% of water in an amount of 5 wt% of ginkgo biloba, 5 wt% of perilla leaf, 5 wt% of pine tree leaf, 5 wt% of sumac leaf, 5 wt% 5% by weight of cinnamon, 5% by weight of ginseng, and heated at 100 to 110 ° C for 1 to 2 hours. The resulting extract is aged at room temperature for 2 to 3 months and then filtered.

Wherein the connecting means comprises a plurality of spaced apart spacers between the first and second strands and having a first side coupled to the first side and a second side coupled to the second side, A first hook portion bent to one side of the plate portion and hooked to a wire of the first netting and a second hook portion bent to the other side of the plate portion and hooked to the wire of the second netting, .

The first hook portion includes a first bent portion extending from one side of the plate portion and bent in a direction toward the other side of the plate portion and gradually spaced from the plate portion, And the second hook portion is formed to extend from the other side of the plate portion to be bent in one direction of the plate portion and to be spaced apart from the plate portion And a fourth bent portion formed to extend gradually from the third bent portion to a gradually widened gap between the plate portion and the third bent portion.

Wherein an outer wall finish is additionally formed in the outer direction of the first netting, wherein the outer wall finish is formed by stacking loess bricks or attaching cement siding, And then the cement siding is fixed to the above-mentioned brackets sequentially from the bottom.

The mortar of the present invention is characterized in that 20 to 30 parts by weight of sand, 5 to 10 parts by weight of germanium, 5 to 10 parts by weight of feldspar 5 to 10 parts by weight of lyocell fiber, 5 to 10 parts by weight of jute, 5 to 10 parts by weight of cotton fiber, 5 to 10 parts by weight of dextrin, 5 to 10 parts by weight of xanthan gum and 10 to 20 parts by weight of water are mixed.

Further, the present invention provides a method of manufacturing a semiconductor device, comprising: (1) installing first struts at regular intervals; A step (step 2) of erecting and joining a first net of a network structure to one side of the first struts; (Step 3) of securing the second struts at a predetermined distance apart from the first struts; A step (4) of erecting and connecting a second net- work of a network structure to one side of the second strands, so as to face the first net- work; Interconnecting the wire of the first netting and the wire of the second netting (step 5); And filling the loess dough between the first net and the second net (step 6); Wherein the loess dough comprises 5 to 10 parts by weight of rice straw, 3 to 5 parts by weight of sawdust, 5 to 10 parts by weight of silicon dioxide, 2 to 4 parts by weight of calcium oxide (CaO) 5 to 10 parts by weight of blast furnace slag, 1 to 3 parts by weight of lime, 5 to 10 parts by weight of chaff, 1 to 5 parts by weight of elvan, 1 to 3 parts by weight of basalt fiber, 1 to 5 parts by weight of rubber tree sap, And 10 to 20 parts by weight of stirring water.

The agitated water was added to 55 wt% of water in an amount of 5 wt% of ginkgo biloba, 5 wt% of perilla leaf, 5 wt% of pine tree leaf, 5 wt% of sumac leaf, 5 wt% 5% by weight of cinnamon, 5% by weight of ginseng, and heated at 100 to 110 ° C for 1 to 2 hours. The resulting extract is aged at room temperature for 2 to 3 months and then filtered.

The step of applying the mortar to the second net so as to form a loess layer, wherein the loess mortar comprises 20 to 30 parts by weight of sand, 5 to 10 parts by weight of germanium, 5 to 10 parts by weight of feldspar, 5 to 10 parts by weight of lyocell fiber, 5 to 10 parts by weight of jute, 5 to 10 parts by weight of cotton fiber, 5 to 10 parts by weight of dextrin, 5 to 10 parts by weight of xanthan gum, Parts by weight.

According to the present invention, the easy-to-install loess wall is very fast and easy to use, has excellent strength of the loess wall, and can prevent insects.

In addition, the mortar of the present invention, which is formed by the inner wall finishing portion of the loess mortar wall, is excellent in the bonding force without containing cement, so that cracks do not occur even after the finishing time passes.

1 is a perspective view of a clay wall according to an embodiment of the present invention,
Fig. 2 is a perspective view excerpted from the main part of Fig. 1,
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view showing a state in which a finishing material is applied to the clay wall of FIG. 1,
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view showing a state in which a finishing material is applied to a loess wall according to another embodiment of the present invention.

Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail.

Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, a loess wall structure according to an embodiment of the present invention includes first strands 25, first strands 20 and second strands 35, 2 network 30, connecting means, and an earth-and-soil layer 60.

The first struts 25 are vertically installed. For example, the first struts 25 can be vertically installed on the ground. The first struts 25 are spaced a certain distance apart.

The first strut 25 is installed on the inner surface of the first net 20, that is, the side facing the second net 30. The first strut 25 serves to minimize the bending deformation of the first strand 20 and to reinforce the strength of the first strand 20 when filling the clay. The first strut 25 may be installed on the outer surface of the first net 20.

The first strut 25 may be made of a metal material. In the example shown, a steel section is used.

The first netting 20 is a mesh net structure formed by weaving wires. The size of the first net 20 can be 2 to 10 cm in width and 1 to 5 cm in length.

The first strut 25 and the first net 20 can be joined by welding. In addition, it is needless to say that the first strut 25 and the first net 20 can be combined using a coupling tool such as a wire.

The second net 30 is spaced apart from the first net 20. The second netting 30 is installed so as to face the first netting 20 side by side. The second net 30 is a net net structure formed by weaving wires. The size of the eyes of the second netting 30 may be 2 to 10 cm in width and 1 to 5 cm in length.

The second struts 35 are vertically installed. For example, the second struts 35 can be vertically installed on the ground. The second strut 35 is installed on the inner surface of the third net 30, that is, the side facing the first net 20. A plurality of second struts 35 are installed at regular intervals. The second strut 35 serves to minimize bending deformation of the second strand 30 and to reinforce the strength of the second strand 30 when filling the clay.

The second strut 35 and the second net 30 can be joined by welding. It is needless to say that the second strut 35 and the second net 30 can be combined using a coupling tool such as a wire.

A connecting means for maintaining a gap between the first and second strands 20 and 30 is provided between the first and second strands 20 and 30.

The connecting means is composed of a plurality of connecting members 100 installed between the first and second nettings 20 and 30. The engaging members 100 are disposed at regular intervals in the up-down direction and the left-right direction.

One side of the coupling member 100 is coupled to the first net 20 and the other side is coupled to the second net 30.

For example, the joining member 100 includes a plate-shaped plate portion 101, a first hook portion 103 formed to be bent at one side of the plate portion 101 and hooked to the wire 21 of the first netting 20, And a second hook portion 108 formed to be bent at the other side of the plate portion 101 and hooked to the wire of the second netting 30.

The plate portion 101, and the first and second hook portions 103 and 108 may be integrally formed. The coupling member 100 may be formed of a metal material that is easy to bend and has excellent strength. It is possible to bend the both ends of the straight metal bar to make the illustrated coupling member 100. Such a metal straight building tie can be used.

The first hook portion 103 of the joining member 100 engages with the wire 21 of the first netting 20 to join the first netting 20 and one side of the joining member 100. Since the first net 20 is formed by weaving the wires 21 in a lattice structure, the first hook portion 103 can be inserted into the hole of the first netting 20 and then hooked onto the wire 21. [

The first hook portion 103 includes a first bent portion 104 and a second bent portion 105. The first bent portion 104 is formed so as to extend from one side of the plate portion 101 and to bend toward the other side of the plate portion 101. The first bent portion 104 is formed apart from the plate portion 101. The gap between the plate portion 101 and the end portion of the first bent portion 104 gradually decreases.

The second bent portion 105 is formed to extend from the first bent portion 104. The second bent portion 105 is bent in a direction away from the plate portion 101 at the end of the first bent portion 104. [ Therefore, the distance between the second bent portion 105 and the plate portion 101 is gradually widened as it goes to the end portion.

A neck portion 102 having a narrowest distance from the plate portion 101 is formed at a boundary between the first bent portion 104 and the second bent portion 105. [ The spacing of the neck portion 102 may be smaller than the diameter of the wire 21 of the first netting 20.

When the first hook portion 103 is coupled to the first netting 20, the wire 21 of the first netting 20 passes through the neck portion 102 and passes between the first bent portion 104 and the plate portion 101 It is located in space.

The second hook portion 108 of the coupling member 100 engages with the wire of the second netting 30 to engage the other side of the coupling member 100 with the second netting 30. [ Since the second net body 30 is formed by weaving the wires in a lattice structure, the second hook portion 108 can be inserted into the hole of the second net body 30 and then hooked to the wire.

The second hook portion 108 includes a third bent portion 106 and a fourth bent portion 107. The third bent portion 106 extends from the other side of the plate portion 101 and is formed to be bent in one direction of the plate portion 101. The third bent portion 106 is formed apart from the plate portion 101. The gap between the plate portion 101 and the end portion of the third bent portion 106 gradually decreases.

The fourth bent portion 107 is formed to extend from the third bent portion 106. The fourth bent portion 107 is bent in the direction away from the plate portion 101 at the end of the third bent portion 106. [ Therefore, the distance between the fourth bent portion 107 and the plate portion 101 is gradually widened as it goes to the end portion.

A neck portion 109 having a narrowest distance from the plate portion 101 is formed at the boundary between the third bent portion 106 and the fourth bent portion 107. The distance between the necks 109 may be smaller than the diameter of the wires of the second netting 30.

When the second hook portion 108 is coupled to the second netting 30, the wire of the second netting 30 passes through the neck portion 109 and is positioned in the space between the third bent portion 106 and the plate portion 101 do.

The coupling of the first and second webs 20 and 30 by the coupling member 100 is very simple and the coupling member 100 is formed in accordance with the distance between the first and second webs 20 and 30, It is easy to adjust the length of the wall.

The loess layer 60 is formed by filling the loess dough between the first net 20 and the second net 30. The first and second webs (20) and (30) are formed of a net structure, and have excellent adhesion with yellow clay, effectively reinforcing the weak durability of yellow clay. The binding member 100 for interconnecting the first and second webs 20 and 30 supports the load of the yellow loam during the filling of the yellow loam dough and the first and second webs 20 and 30 To minimize the deformation.

5 to 10 parts by weight of sawdust, 5 to 10 parts by weight of silicon dioxide, 2 to 4 parts by weight of calcium oxide (CaO), 5 to 10 parts by weight of blast furnace slag 1 to 3 parts by weight of lime, 5 to 10 parts by weight of rice hull ash, 1 to 5 parts by weight of elvan, 1 to 3 parts by weight of basalt fiber, 1 to 5 parts by weight of rubber tree sap, and 10 to 20 parts by weight of stirring water .

The agitated water was added to 55 wt% of water in an amount of 5 wt% of ginkgo biloba, 5 wt% of perilla leaf, 5 wt% of pine tree leaf, 5 wt% of sumac leaf, 5 wt% 5% by weight of cinnamon and 5% by weight of ginseng, and heating the mixture at 100 to 110 ° C for 1 to 2 hours. The resulting extract is preferably filtered after aging at room temperature for 2 to 3 months.

The loess dough and the stirring water will be described in detail in a method of constructing a loess wall as described later.

Meanwhile, as shown in FIG. 3, the present invention can further apply a finishing portion to the outer wall and the inner wall of the loess wall.

The outer wall finishing portion is provided on the outer side of the first netting 20 to form an outer wall. The outer wall finishing part can be formed by stacking loess clay walls or by attaching cement siding. In the illustrated example, the cement siding 120 is applied to the exterior wall finish.

In order to apply the cement siding 120 to the outer wall finishing portion, the rectangular net 110 is first installed on the outer surface of the first netting 20. It is possible to fix the tree 110 to the first net 20 by using a coupling tool such as a wire. The tree 110 is fixed to the first net 20 at a predetermined interval. The cement siding 120 is installed after fixing the wood 110. The cement siding 120 is fixed to the carcass 110 in order from the bottom.

Then, the outer surface of the second netting 30 is coated with the yellow mortar with the inner wall finishing portion to form the ocher-rich layer 50.

20 to 30 parts by weight of grit, 5 to 10 parts by weight of germanium, 5 to 10 parts by weight of feldspar, 5 to 10 parts by weight of lyocell fiber, 5 to 10 parts by weight of jute, 5 to 10 parts by weight of cotton fiber, 10 to 10 parts by weight of dextrin, 5 to 10 parts by weight of xanthan gum and 10 to 20 parts by weight of water.

The above-mentioned yellow mortar will be described in detail in the method of constructing the loess wall as described later.

FIG. 4 shows a state in which the loess bricks 15 are piled up with the outer wall finishing portion. The loess bricks are laminated in the outward direction of the first netting 20.

Hereinafter, a method of constructing the clay loam described above with reference to Figs. 1 and 2 will be described.

First, the first struts 25 are vertically installed at regular intervals. The first struts 25 are fixed to the foundation floor and fixed.

After the first struts 25 are installed, the first strands 20 are uprightly joined to one side of the first struts 25. At this time, the first strut 25 and the first net 20 can be joined by welding. Needless to say, the first strut 25 and the first strand 20 can be joined by using a coupling tool such as a wire.

The second struts 35 are installed after the first net 20 is joined. The second struts 35 are spaced apart from the first struts 25 so as to face each other. The second struts 35 are vertically installed at regular intervals. And the second pillars 35 are fixed to the foundation floor to fix the lower part.

Next, the second strands (30) are raised and bonded to one side of the second struts (35). At this time, the second strut 35 and the second net 30 can be joined by welding. It goes without saying that the second strut 35 and the second net 30 can be joined by using a coupling tool such as a wire. The second netting (30) is installed to face the first netting (20).

The second netting 30 is positioned to face the first netting 20 and then the connecting means is provided to connect the first netting 20 and the second netting 30. [

A plurality of coupling members 100 between the first net 20 and the second net 30 can be provided as connection means. The first hook portion 103 of the coupling member 100 is hooked on the wire 21 of the first netting 20 and the second hook portion 108 is hooked on the wire of the second netting 30, And the second network 30 are connected to each other.

The first net 20 and the second net 30 are connected to each other and then the yellow soil layer 60 is formed by filling the yellow soil paste between the first net 20 and the second net 30. The loess dough can be poured into the bucket using a forklane and then poured between the first and second webs 20 and 30 to fill the loess so that filling operation can be performed quickly.

5 to 10 parts by weight of sawdust, 5 to 10 parts by weight of silicon dioxide, 2 to 4 parts by weight of calcium oxide (CaO), 5 to 10 parts by weight of blast furnace slag 1 to 3 parts by weight of lime, 5 to 10 parts by weight of rice hull ash, 1 to 5 parts by weight of elvan, 1 to 3 parts by weight of basalt fiber, 1 to 5 parts by weight of rubber tree sap, and 10 to 20 parts by weight of stirring water .

It is preferable that the loess of the loess is fired at 900 to 950 ° C for 1 to 2 hours, and then the loess is pulverized to 2,500 to 3,000 cm 2 / g.

The yellow loess has various effects, and typically includes far infrared rays emission, humidity control ability, and purification ability. Far-infrared far-infrared rays are effective in blood circulation by facilitating metabolism of human body, excellent in disinfecting effect and toxic removal ability, and excellent in neutralizing harmful substances.

The rice straw acts to increase strength by increasing mutual bonding. If the rice straw is contained in an amount of less than 5 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of the loess powder, there is a problem in that the strength is lowered. If the rice straw is contained in an amount exceeding 10 parts by weight, generation of far- The rice straw is preferably cut to a length of 1 to 2 cm.

The sawdust serves to improve the warmth in winter. When the sawdust is contained in an amount of less than 3 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of the loess powder, there is a problem that the loess is shrunk in winter, and when the amount is more than 5 parts by weight, the strength becomes weak.

The silicon dioxide reacts with Ca (OH) 2 to produce CaO-SiO 2 -nH 2 O, which affects the strength. When the amount of silicon dioxide is less than 5 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the loess powder, there is a problem that the strength becomes weak. When the amount is more than 10 parts by weight, unreacted materials occur.

The calcium oxide reacts with water to form Ca (OH) 2 and reacts with silicon dioxide to form stable calcium silicate, which affects the strength. When the calcium oxide is contained in an amount of less than 2 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of the loess powder, there is a problem that the strength is weakened. When the amount is more than 4 parts by weight, unreacted materials are generated.

The blast furnace slag is produced as a by-product in the production of pig iron in a steel mill and is amorphous by quenching. When the blast furnace slag is contained in an amount of less than 5 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of the loess powder, cracks may occur. When the blast furnace slag is contained in an amount exceeding 10 parts by weight, initial reaction and coagulation time are delayed.

The lime is used as an activator. When blast furnace slag powder comes into contact with water, a dense impermeable acid film is formed on the surface of the slag particles. In order to continue the reaction, the acid film must be destroyed by the activating agent. will be.

When the dissolution reaction occurs on the surface of the blast furnace slag by the activation action of the lime, insoluble matter precipitates and cures from the solution, and the blast furnace slag combines with Ca (OH) 2 produced by the reaction of lime and water, . The hydrate of the blast furnace slag may contain calcium silicate hydrate by the activating agent, may form ettringite or aluminum hydroxide, thereby compensating for the shrinkage of the cured body, creating dense texture, and contributing to increasing the compressive strength do. These whale slag hydrates maximize the bond strength between the loess particles when mixed with the loess and increase the strength.

If the amount of lime is less than 1 part by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the loess powder, the amount of Ca (OH) 2 that contributes to the hydration of the blast furnace slag powder and the formation of etyne zite becomes insufficient, If the amount of Ca (OH) 2 exceeds 3 parts by weight, unreacted Ca (OH) 2 may act as a cause of swelling and cause a problem.

The rice hull plays a role of maintaining the hydration reaction in the long term. When the rice hull ash is contained in an amount of less than 5 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of the loess powder, the durability improving effect is lowered, and when it exceeds 10 parts by weight, harmonization of reactants is lowered.

It is preferable that the rice husk is used by burning and grinding rice husk at a temperature of 400 to 450 ° C. There is an advantage that the rice husk ash containing a large amount of highly reactive amorphous silicon dioxide is used by burning the rice husk at a temperature of 400 to 450 ° C.

If the combustion temperature for burning the rice husk is less than 400 ° C, the combustion effect tends to be insignificant and the generation of unburned rice husk is likely to occur partially. If the combustion temperature is higher than 450 ° C, Is lowered.

The elvan plays a role of radiating far-infrared rays. When the elvan stone is contained in an amount of less than 1 part by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of the loess powder, there is a problem that antibacterial and deodorizing functions are deteriorated by the far infrared rays, and if it exceeds 5 parts by weight, the weight becomes too heavy. Preferably, the elbow is pulverized to a diameter of 6 to 13 mm.

The basalt fiber plays a role of increasing binding force with the loess. When the amount of the basalt fiber is less than 1 part by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of the loess powder, cracking of the loess may occur. When the amount of the basalt fiber is more than 3 parts by weight, generation of far infrared rays of the loess may be reduced. Preferably, the basalt fiber is cut into 1 to 4 mm of basalt filaments.

The sapwood of the rubber tree has a strong adhesive force and plays a role of imparting tensile strength. When the rubber tree sap is less than 1 part by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the loess powder, the strength is lowered. When the rubber wood sap is more than 5 parts by weight, the generation of far infrared rays of the loess can be reduced.

The agitated water serves to prevent insects such as ants from living. If the stirring water is contained in an amount less than 10 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of the loess powder, there is a problem that the insect pest-preventing function is insufficient. If the mixing ratio is more than 20 parts by weight, it takes too much time to fill the loess dough.

The agitated water was added to 55 wt% of water in an amount of 5 wt% of ginkgo biloba, 5 wt% of perilla leaf, 5 wt% of pine tree leaf, 5 wt% of sumac leaf, 5 wt% 5% by weight of cinnamon and 5% by weight of ginseng, and heating the mixture at 100 to 110 ° C for 1 to 2 hours. The resulting extract is preferably filtered after aging at room temperature for 2 to 3 months.

The gingko leaves have a flavonoid component which sterilizes and excretes the insects.

The perennials produce various kinds of esters to prevent the invasion of the pests.

The pine needles contain phenolic compounds such as phytoncide and have antimicrobial and germicidal effects.

The lacquer tree is dry lacquer. It is also called lacquer (lacquer), and contains a component called Urushiol in its shell. The antimicrobial activity of Rhus verniciflua has a repelling effect on insects and bacteria.

Sasa borealis is distributed in a large area in Korea, has a strong vitality and excellent pharmacological efficacy. Sasae is the smallest bamboo of rice paddy field and about 6 species are native to Korea. Sasa leaves have side effects. It is a pharmacological ingredient in the leaves of the Sagittarius, which is caused by phenolic components, amino acids, organic acids, saccharides, etc., and also has the effect of inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

The cosmos has a higher content of total polyphenols and flavonoids than other Asteraceae plants, and these components have an antioxidant function to prevent oxidation. Flavonoid is a yellow plant pigment. It has antibacterial, anti-cancer, antiviral, anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory activity besides antioxidant function and has a repelling effect on the fungus and bacteria.

The perennial herb is a perennial herb belonging to Saururus chinensis and contains decanoyl acetaldehyde, polovanoid, potassium salt, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin and the like. It is excellent for sterilization and can be used as a fertilizer.

The cinnamon is a natural medicine belonging to the camphoraceae, and it is widely used for herbal medicine and fertilizer. Cinnamon is generally used after it has been used as it is or after removing the juniper. It can be used as a liquid in the form of powder after drying or in liquid form. It has very good effect on antimicrobial and anti-mite effects and pest control agent.

The ginseng ( Sophora flavescens Ait.) Is a perennial plant belonging to the soybean family. It is non-toxic, bitter and persistent. Quinolizidine, alkaloid, flavonoid, and saponin are some of the ingredients, and the extract has strong antibacterial and antioxidant properties. In the present invention, roots of ginseng are used.

After the formation of the clayey layer 60, an outer wall finishing portion is formed on the outer side of the first netting 20 as shown in FIG. 3 to form an outer wall. And the cement siding 120 may be attached to the outer wall finishing part after the curved surface 110 is installed. Then, an inner finishing portion is formed on the outer side of the second netting 30 to form an inner wall. The loess mortar layer 50 can be formed by applying the mortar to the second netting 30 with the inner wall finishing portion.

20 to 30 parts by weight of grit, 5 to 10 parts by weight of germanium, 5 to 10 parts by weight of feldspar, 5 to 10 parts by weight of lyocell fiber, 5 to 10 parts by weight of jute, 5 to 10 parts by weight of cotton fiber, 10 to 10 parts by weight of dextrin, 5 to 10 parts by weight of xanthan gum and 10 to 20 parts by weight of water.

The loess is preferably baked at a temperature of 400 to 450 ° C for 2 to 4 hours in a kiln, and then pulverized to a size of 0.01 to 0.1 mm.

The sand enhances the strength of the mortar when the mortar is dried and cured, and plays a role of preventing cracks from occurring on the surface of the mortar. If the amount of sand is less than 20 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the loess powder, the strength of the loess mortar is weakened and cracks may be generated on the surface. If the amount is more than 30 parts by weight, the weight of the loess mortar becomes heavy.

The germanium plays a role of emitting a large amount of far-infrared rays even at a normal temperature. If the content of germanium is less than 5 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of the loess powder, the effect of far-infrared radiation is insignificant. If the amount is more than 10 parts by weight, workability at the time of plastering becomes poor. The germanium is used by grinding ore to a powder of 150 ~ 200 mesh.

The feldspar plays a role of emitting negative ions. When the amount of feldspar is less than 5 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of the loess powder, the effect of anion emission is insufficient. When the amount is more than 10 parts by weight, workability at the time of finishing is deteriorated.

The lyocell fiber serves to improve the durability of the mortar. If the amount of the lyocell fiber is less than 5 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the loess powder, the tensile strength and the flexural strength are lowered and the crack resistance is not improved. If the lyocell fiber is contained in an amount exceeding 10 parts by weight, There is a problem.

The jute acts to minimize cracking and increase internal cohesion. When the content of jute is less than 5 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of the loess powder, cracking may occur in the loess layer 50. If the content is more than 10 parts by weight, there is a problem that the surface of the loess layer is not smooth. The jute is cut into a length of 1 to 2 mm and used.

The cotton fiber lightens the weight of the yellow mortar and prevents the yellow mortar hardened by external impact from breaking well and enhances the sound insulation and heat insulation. If the cotton fiber is contained in an amount of less than 5 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of the loess powder, the effect of lightness and sound insulation and heat insulation is deteriorated.

The dextrin acts to strengthen the adhesion of the yellow loam. If dextrin is contained in an amount of less than 5 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of the loess powder, cracking may occur in the loess layer 50. If the amount is more than 10 parts by weight, workability at the time of finishing may deteriorate.

Thereby increasing the binding force between the black carbon black components. If the amount of the xanthan gum is less than 5 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of the loess powder, there is a problem that the binding power of the yellow mortar is insufficient. If the amount is more than 10 parts by weight,

It is preferable to mix 10 to 20 parts by weight of water with respect to 100 parts by weight of the loess powder.

The mortar of the present invention, which is formed by the inner wall finishing portion of the loess mortar wall which is easy to construct, has an excellent bonding strength without containing cement, and cracks do not occur even after the finishing time passes.

When the clay wall is constructed as described above, it is possible to easily and rapidly form the thick wall by pouring the clay paste between the first net 20 and the second net 30. Therefore, the construction time can be greatly shortened compared with the conventional method of building the yellow clay brick or the method of sandwiching the wood with the lattice structure and padding the steel plate, thereby making construction very simple and greatly reducing the cost.

While the present invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to exemplary embodiments thereof, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the disclosed embodiments, but, on the contrary, .

Accordingly, the scope of the true technical protection of the present invention should be determined by the technical idea of the appended claims.

15: loess brick 20: first strand
21: wire 25: first strut
30: second net 35: second holding
50: Loess coat layer 60: Horticulture
100: coupling member 101: plate portion
102: neck portion 103: first hook portion
104: first bent portion 105: second bent portion
106: third bent portion 107: fourth bent portion
108: second hook portion 109: neck portion
110: Slabs 120: Cement siding

Claims (9)

  1. First and second struts extending vertically;
    A first net of a net structure coupled to one side of the first struts and supported by the first struts;
    A second net- work having a network structure installed to face the first net- work;
    Second strands connected to one side of the second strand to support the second strand;
    Connecting means for interconnecting the first and second nets; And
    And a loess layer formed by filling the loess dough between the first net and the second net,
    5 to 10 parts by weight of sawdust, 5 to 10 parts by weight of silicon dioxide, 2 to 4 parts by weight of calcium oxide (CaO), 5 to 10 parts by weight of blast furnace slag 1 to 3 parts by weight of lime, 5 to 10 parts by weight of rice husks, 1 to 5 parts by weight of elvan, 1 to 3 parts by weight of basalt fiber, 1 to 5 parts by weight of rubber tree sap, and 10 to 20 parts by weight of stirring water ,
    The agitated water was added to 55 wt% of water in an amount of 5 wt% of ginkgo biloba, 5 wt% of perilla leaf, 5 wt% of pine tree leaf, 5 wt% of sumac leaf, 5 wt% , 5% by weight of cinnamon and 5% by weight of ginseng, and heating the mixture at 100 to 110 ° C for 1 to 2 hours. The resulting extract is aged at room temperature for 2 to 3 months and then filtered.
    Loose wall with easy construction.
  2. delete
  3. The method according to claim 1,
    The connecting means includes a plurality of connecting members which are installed at a predetermined interval between the first and second nettings, one side of which is coupled to the first netting, and the other side of which is coupled to the second netting,
    The coupling member includes a plate portion, a first hook portion formed to be bent at one side of the plate portion and engaged with the wire of the first netting, a second hook formed to be bent at the other side of the plate portion, ≪ / RTI >
    Loose wall with easy construction.
  4. The method of claim 3,
    The first hook portion includes a first bent portion extending from one side of the plate portion and bent in a direction toward the other side of the plate portion and gradually spaced from the plate portion, And a second bent portion formed so as to be gradually widened from the plate portion,
    The second hook portion includes a third bent portion extending from the other side of the plate portion to be bent in one direction of the plate portion and gradually spaced from the plate portion, And a fourth bent portion formed so as to be gradually widened from the plate portion,
    Loose wall with easy construction.
  5. The method according to claim 1,
    An outer wall finishing portion is additionally formed in an outer direction of the first netting,
    The outer wall finishing portion is formed by stacking loess bricks or attaching cement siding,
    Wherein the cement siding is used to fix each piece to the outer surface of the first net using a coupling tool,
    Loose wall with easy construction.
  6. The method according to claim 1,
    The method of claim 1, further comprising: applying a mortar to the outer surface of the second net,
    20 to 30 parts by weight of grit, 5 to 10 parts by weight of germanium, 5 to 10 parts by weight of feldspar, 5 to 10 parts by weight of lyocell fiber, 5 to 10 parts by weight of jute, 5 to 10 parts by weight of cotton fiber, 10 parts by weight of dextrin, 5 to 10 parts by weight of xanthan gum and 10 to 20 parts by weight of water,
    Loose wall with easy construction.
  7. Installing first struts at regular intervals (step 1);
    A step (step 2) of erecting and joining a first net of a network structure to one side of the first struts;
    (Step 3) of securing the second struts at a predetermined distance apart from the first struts;
    A step (4) of erecting and connecting a second net- work of a network structure to one side of the second strands, so as to face the first net- work;
    Interconnecting the wire of the first netting and the wire of the second netting (step 5); And
    Filling the loess dough between the first net and the second net (step 6);
    Wherein in step 6,
    5 to 10 parts by weight of sawdust, 5 to 10 parts by weight of silicon dioxide, 2 to 4 parts by weight of calcium oxide (CaO), 5 to 10 parts by weight of blast furnace slag 1 to 3 parts by weight of lime, 5 to 10 parts by weight of rice husks, 1 to 5 parts by weight of elvan, 1 to 3 parts by weight of basalt fiber, 1 to 5 parts by weight of rubber tree sap, and 10 to 20 parts by weight of stirring water ,
    The agitated water was added to 55 wt% of water in an amount of 5 wt% of ginkgo biloba, 5 wt% of perilla leaf, 5 wt% of pine tree leaf, 5 wt% of sumac leaf, 5 wt% , 5% by weight of cinnamon and 5% by weight of ginseng, and heating the mixture at 100 to 110 ° C for 1 to 2 hours. The resulting extract is aged at room temperature for 2 to 3 months and then filtered.
    Construction method of loess wall which is easy to construct.
  8. delete
  9. 8. The method of claim 7,
    After step 6, a step of applying yellow mortar to the second netting to form a loess layer is added,
    20 to 30 parts by weight of grit, 5 to 10 parts by weight of germanium, 5 to 10 parts by weight of feldspar, 5 to 10 parts by weight of lyocell fiber, 5 to 10 parts by weight of jute, 5 to 10 parts by weight of cotton fiber, 10 parts by weight of dextrin, 5 to 10 parts by weight of xanthan gum and 10 to 20 parts by weight of water,
    Construction method of loess wall which is easy to construct.
KR1020160046339A 2015-04-17 2016-04-15 Yellow Soil Wall for controlling thickness and Construction Method thereof KR101885301B1 (en)

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KR101708214B1 (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-02-21 주식회사 하나레미콘 Eco-friendly Composition of Red-Mixed Concrete and Manufacturing Method thereof
KR102031437B1 (en) * 2017-12-19 2019-11-08 심우승 korean style house wall structure
KR102031436B1 (en) * 2017-12-19 2019-10-11 심우승 korean style house wall

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KR100647557B1 (en) * 2005-11-18 2006-11-23 전남대학교산학협력단 Environment-friendly wall components

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