KR101827733B1 - An intelligence type emergency shunting incitement method and system of the same - Google Patents

An intelligence type emergency shunting incitement method and system of the same Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101827733B1
KR101827733B1 KR1020160030036A KR20160030036A KR101827733B1 KR 101827733 B1 KR101827733 B1 KR 101827733B1 KR 1020160030036 A KR1020160030036 A KR 1020160030036A KR 20160030036 A KR20160030036 A KR 20160030036A KR 101827733 B1 KR101827733 B1 KR 101827733B1
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
fire
exit
evacuation
emergency
building
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KR1020160030036A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20170106665A (en
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이현기
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이현기
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B17/00Fire alarms; Alarms responsive to explosion
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B17/00Fire alarms; Alarms responsive to explosion
    • G08B17/12Actuation by presence of radiation or particles, e.g. of infra-red radiation or of ions
    • G08B17/125Actuation by presence of radiation or particles, e.g. of infra-red radiation or of ions by using a video camera to detect fire or smoke
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • G08B21/0202Child monitoring systems using a transmitter-receiver system carried by the parent and the child
    • G08B21/0275Electronic Article Surveillance [EAS] tag technology used for parent or child unit, e.g. same transmission technology, magnetic tag, RF tag, RFID
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B25/00Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems
    • G08B25/01Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems characterised by the transmission medium
    • G08B25/10Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems characterised by the transmission medium using wireless transmission systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B25/00Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems
    • G08B25/14Central alarm receiver or annunciator arrangements
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B27/00Alarm systems in which the alarm condition is signalled from a central station to a plurality of substations
    • G08B27/006Alarm systems in which the alarm condition is signalled from a central station to a plurality of substations with transmission via telephone network
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B5/00Visible signalling systems, e.g. personal calling systems, remote indication of seats occupied
    • G08B5/22Visible signalling systems, e.g. personal calling systems, remote indication of seats occupied using electric transmission; using electromagnetic transmission

Abstract

[TECHNICAL FIELD / SOLUTION]
The present invention relates to an intelligent emergency evacuation method and system, and more particularly, to an intelligent emergency evacuation method and system thereof, in which, when a fire occurs in a high-rise building or a building where many people gather, It is intended to solve the problem that human evacuation occurs due to not being able to evacuate quickly in difficult cases.
[Solution]
The intelligent emergency evacuation method of the present invention detects a fire position based on a unique identification number of a fire detector and controls the direction of the exit of the emergency exit from the fire to a safe exit direction. The emergency evacuation guidance screen in which the direction and the number of people inside the building are indicated by the location is outputted through the internal monitor and the manager monitor of the building so that the evacuation can be performed quickly.
[Benefit]
According to the present invention, it is possible to quickly and safely evacuate and structure by controlling the direction of the exit of the escape route guiding device to be automatically switched from the fire to the exit to the emergency exit, and outputting the emergency evacuation guidance screen through the inside of the building and the supervisory monitor .

Description

TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to an intelligent emergency evacuation system and an intelligent emergency evacuation system,
The present invention relates to an intelligent emergency evacuation method and system, and more particularly, to a method and system for intelligent emergency evacuation, in which evacuation direction of an emergency exit device is automatically changed according to a location of fire occurrence, The present invention relates to an intelligent emergency evacuation method and system for providing an emergency evacuation screen displayed by a monitor installed in various places in a building so that a quick and safe evacuation and structure can be achieved.
Generally, an emergency exit is a doorway provided to a building so that a person inside the building can be evacuated in the event of a fire, and a mandatory installation is required for a building in which many people, such as a school, a company, a theater, and an apartment, act. In order to get out of the building promptly and safely through these emergency exits, the emergency exits and escape routes leading to the exits are equipped with emergency escape lights that lead people to the exit.
When a fire or other disaster occurs, the machinery and evacuation facilities used for evacuation are divided into evacuation mechanisms and guiding light guidance guards. At this time, the evacuation mechanism is used as emergency auxiliary evacuation means when it can not evacuate to the ground through the exit. And the guidance light and the guidance sign are to inform the location of the emergency exit and evacuation direction as described above, and it should be easily identifiable by everyone and distinguishable from a distance.
However, due to the structural nature of modern buildings, which are becoming increasingly complicated and large, when power is cut off due to explosion in real fire or when identification of emergency leads is difficult due to smoke, it is not a safe escape even if the emergency exit is not found quickly or an emergency exit is found. The frequency of human casualties is increasing because people can not get out of the building.
As such, when a fire occurs in a building, the victims become embarrassed, making the judgment sense less likely to locate the doorway properly. Therefore, the most important precaution is to reduce the casualties by moving the big pizzas to an emergency shelter.
However, it is a fact that investment interest in fire fighting equipment is low due to safety insufficiency and economic requirements, and improvement is not made even though the existing fire fighting system has a part to be improved. The government and related organizations are aware of the importance of fire fighting facilities and systems as a result of a large fire accident in Korea and overseas and an increasing number of casualties.
The existing emergency exit device is configured to display only the direction of the emergency exit near the guide light without considering the location of the fire (see FIG. 1). Therefore, if a fire occurs in a building, the firepower will recognize the fire situation by a fire alarm or voice and evacuate to the nearest exit. At this time, if the fire occurred at the exit side, the firefighters who were not aware of it and were pushed toward the exit side were forced to approach the exit where the fire occurred and could not find a different exit. Due to these damages, people have a problem that they can not trust existing emergency exit devices.
Prior art documents related to existing emergency exit devices are as follows.
The Korean Registered Patent Publication No. 10-0971623 (registered on July 15, 2010) (hereinafter referred to as Document 1) refers to an automatic alarm for evacuation of a high-rise building and an evacuation guidance device, and when an emergency such as a disaster or a disaster occurs It is a device that automatically issues alarms and evacuates. It receives signals from the sensors that detect disasters and disasters for each compartment of the building, transfers them to a central server through a repeater, and configures alarm data for each group in a central server, The speaker for each position informs the alarm by voice, each evacuation guidance light indicates the evacuation direction, and the text message is transmitted through the cellular phone.
Document 1 having such a configuration has an advantage in that it can be evacuated to an optimal place in a high-rise building or a building in a premise where the individual is present in a short time, but the communication method between the sensor unit, the relay unit, the central server, And its technical structure is not described in detail, so that it is not clearly described so that a person skilled in the art can easily carry it out. Also, Document 1 is merely a useless use for a person who does not know the inside of a building in an emergency in which a fire occurs because it transmits a simple fire text message to a user's mobile phone. In addition, even if a person resides in a building, it is difficult to escape to a safe emergency zone or a place to evacuate because the character can not accurately judge an office lane other than his / her office in an urgent situation.
[0002] The Korean Registered Patent Application No. 10-1475134 (registered on Dec. 15, 2014) (hereinafter referred to as Document 2) relates to an intelligent evacuation induction method and apparatus and, when an emergency situation is detected, An image analyzing unit for analyzing the information related to the evacuee which includes at least one of the total number of pizzas, the number of piles per each floor or each zone, and the moving route by detecting pizzas; An evacuation route generating unit for generating an optimal evacuation route using the refugee related information; And a transmitting unit for transmitting the generated optimal evacuation route to a display device located on the optimal evacuation route.
The above-mentioned document 2 has an advantage of safely guiding the evacuees to the emergency exit when a dangerous situation such as a fire or terrorism occurs. However, only the occurrence of a fire is detected through the fire detection sensor 102, And the evacuation direction is guided by generating an optimal evacuation route by grasping the number and route of evacuation of the evacuees through the input image of the CCTV 100 and displaying the evacuation route on the display device, The power supply of the CCTV 100 and the display device are all turned off, which is not helpful in an emergency situation. Even if the power is turned on, the CCTV 100 and the display device may be lost due to fire. In addition, it is difficult to identify an exit through a display device in a situation where smoke is generated due to a fire, and since a display device can not be installed for each passage, there is a problem that it is as difficult to find a display device as an emergency exit.
Korean Registered Patent No. 10-0971623 (registered on July 15, 2010) Korean Patent Registration No. 10-1475134 (registered on December 15, 2014)
According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided an emergency escape route guidance system, comprising: an emergency escape route guidance system for controlling an escape route of an escape route guiding apparatus from a fire to an emergency exit, , And to propose an intelligent emergency evacuation method and system that enables rapid and safe evacuation and rescue.
According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided an intelligent emergency evacuation method in which an emergency evacuation guidance screen showing a fire position and an emergency evacuation direction is transmitted to a cellular phone registered in a system, And to propose the system.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a fire alarm system which automatically transmits a fire generated push message and camera image information of a fire location to a 119 center or a police station when a fire occurs, And an emergency evacuation guiding method and system in which an evacuation guidance screen is transmitted so that rapid fire suppression and lifesaving are achieved.
According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a wireless communication system for receiving information on an RFID chip installed in an access card, an identification card, a mobile phone, etc., possessed by an individual through a wired or wireless AP, And to propose an intelligent emergency evacuation method and its system that can be verified in real time.
Another object of the present invention is to provide an intelligent emergency evacuation method and system that can be implemented by installing an emergency exit device, a controller, a system server, and the like in an existing building equipped with a fire detector and a receiver There is.
The solution to the problem of the present invention is not limited to those mentioned above, and other solutions not mentioned can be clearly understood by those skilled in the art from the following description.
According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided an intelligent emergency evacuation method comprising the steps of: (a) wirelessly receiving an RFID signal of an RFID chip embedded in an access card in a wired or wireless AP and transmitting the RFID signal to a system server; (b) transmitting a fire detection signal and a unique identification number to the system server when a fire is detected in the fire detector; (c) activating a fire alarm when a fire detection signal is received from the system server, and transmitting camera image information of a fire location together with a fire generated push message to a cellular phone registered in the 119 center, a police station, and a system; (d) The system server detects a fire position on the basis of the fire detection signal and the unique identification number, and generates a control signal for controlling the escape direction of the escape route guiding device toward the exit in the opposite direction to the fire position ; (e) converting the evacuation direction to the exit direction opposite to the fire position in accordance with the control signal of the system server in the exit device, and transmitting its own identification number and evacuation direction to the system server; And (f) the system server detects the number of people inside the building based on the RFID signal of the access card based on the RFID signal of the access card, and displays the map of the inside of the building, the fire position, the location of the exit, And guiding the evacuation route by outputting an emergency evacuation guidance screen in which the number of people is indicated by the location of the inside of the building.
The intelligent emergency evacuation method further comprises the step of outputting image information of a fire position to the screen in real time through the camera installed in the building in the system server and storing the image information of the camera by time zone .
The intelligent emergency evacuation method may be implemented by downloading and installing a dedicated application of the intelligent emergency evacuation guiding system from the smartphone through the Internet and then executing the intelligent emergency evacuation guiding system, The emergency evacuation guidance screen may be displayed on the screen of the smartphone.
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According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided an intelligent emergency evacuation system comprising: an access card that wirelessly transmits an RFID signal by embedding an RFID chip; A wired / wireless AP for wirelessly receiving an RFID signal of the access card; A camera installed inside the building and photographing the surroundings with the image; A fire detector for detecting a fire in the building and transmitting a fire detection signal and a unique identification number; An escape route guiding device for converting the escape direction to an exit direction opposite to the fire position according to a control signal of the system server when the fire is detected and transmitting its own identification number and escape direction to the system server; A reception unit receiving the fire detection signal and the unique identification number of the fire detector and transmitting the received fire detection signal and the unique identification number to the controller; When a fire detection signal is received through the reception unit, a fire alarm is automatically generated. The reception unit receives the fire detection signal and the unique identification number and transmits the fire detection signal and the unique identification number to the system server. And a controller for selectively controlling the evacuation direction of the exit device according to a control signal of the system server. A fire alarm for generating a fire alarm under the control of the controller; Upon receipt of the fire detection signal, the camera automatically transmits the fire-generated push message and the camera image information of the fire position to the mobile phone registered in the 119 center, the police station, and the system. Based on the fire detection signal and the unique identification number of the fire detector, And generates a control signal for controlling the evacuation direction of the exit device to the exit in a direction opposite to the fire position by a preprogrammed program, and based on the RFID signal of the access card received from the wired / wireless AP, Emergency evacuation guidance screen is displayed on the monitor inside the building showing the number of the people inside the building, the location of the emergency exit, the location of fire, the direction of evacuation of the emergency exit device, And a system server for storing video information of the camera by time zone, Lt; / RTI >
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According to the present invention, it is possible to automatically control the evacuation direction of the exit of the escape route guiding device by a safe emergency exit located in a direction opposite to or at a predetermined distance from the fire point, , The fire suppression and the structure can be quickly performed.
In addition, when a fire in a building occurs, you can send a fire generated push message to the 119 center, police station, registered mobile phone, etc., or transmit the building map showing the structure and number of people inside and the location of the fire, By transmitting together, rapid fire suppression and lifesaving can be achieved.
In the event of a fire, the system server automatically changes the direction of the escape route guiding device to a safe exit or evacuation site away from the point of occurrence of the fire according to the sensor signal detected by the sensor, By guiding the large pizzas to an emergency exit or evacuation site, it is possible to evacuate safely and quickly and to save lives.
In addition, there is an advantage that an emergency exit device, a controller, a system server, and the like can be installed and used in an existing building equipped with a fire detector and a receiver.
In addition, the unique ID of the fire detector detecting the fire can accurately identify the location of the fire, thereby safely guiding people to the nearest exit or exit to the safe location from the fire position.
In addition, it can lead the development of intelligent and unmanned disaster disaster prevention system and take a leading position in domestic and overseas.
In addition, it can be applied to the field immediately in line with the tendency of the building to be large-sized, intelligent, and automated, thus contributing to enhancement of the technological power and market competitiveness of the fire-fighting industry.
In addition, it is possible to more systematically design the small-scale facilities at the time of construction, and since the fire-fighting facilities separated from electricity must be installed as receiver, electricity, etc., the construction range of electric construction companies can be further enlarged.
In addition, since it is possible to know the ignition point quickly and accurately, it is possible to suppress the initial fire due to the connection with the unmanned control system installed in the building.
In addition, it is applicable not only to the disaster of the building, but also to the evacuation of the ship which is becoming an issue nowadays.
The effects of the present invention are not limited to those mentioned above, and other effects not mentioned can be clearly understood by those skilled in the art from the following description.
1 is a configuration diagram of an intelligent emergency evacuation system according to a first preferred embodiment of the present invention.
2 is a configuration diagram of an intelligent emergency evacuation system according to a second preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is an external view showing a first example of the exit port guiding apparatus.
4 is an external view showing a second example of the exit port guiding device.
Fig. 5 is a configuration diagram of the first and second examples of the exit port guiding apparatus 100. Fig.
Fig. 6 is a configuration diagram of a third example of the exit port guiding apparatus 100. Fig.
7 to 9 show the emergency evacuation guidance screen 700 of the internal monitor 320 and the administrator monitor 300,
7 is a monitor screen showing the positions of the fire detector 10 and the escape route guiding apparatus 100,
8 is a monitor screen showing a fire position, an exit position, and an exit direction of the exit,
FIG. 9 is a monitor screen showing the fire position, the exit position, the exit direction of the exit, and the number and position of the inside of the building.
FIG. 10 is a view showing a screen of a smart phone equipped with a dedicated app of the intelligent emergency evacuation system according to the present invention.
11 is a diagram showing an initial screen for execution of a dedicated application in the intelligent emergency evacuation guidance system.
12 is a diagram showing an emergency evacuation guidance screen of a smartphone.
13 is a flowchart illustrating an intelligent emergency evacuation method according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, which will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art. The present invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. In order to clearly explain the present invention in the drawings, parts not related to the description are omitted, and similar parts are denoted by similar reference numerals throughout the specification.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
First Embodiment of Intelligent Emergency Evacuation System
1 is a configuration diagram of an intelligent emergency evacuation system according to a first preferred embodiment of the present invention.
1, the intelligent emergency evacuation system according to the first embodiment of the present invention includes a fire detector 10, a receiver 20, an FDC 100, a controller 200, a wired / wireless AP An access point 210, a fire alarm 220, a system server 300, a DB 310, a surveillance camera 400, and a radio frequency identification (RFID) chip 600.
The fire detector 10 is installed in a plurality of places in the building to detect a fire, and has its own unique identification number (ID). The fire detector 10 may include a fire detection sensor for detecting a fire and generating a fire detection signal, and a communication unit (not shown) for transmitting the fire detection signal and the unique identification number (ID).
The receiver 20 may be configured such that when a fire detection signal and a unique identification number (ID) are received from the fire detector 10, a fire alarm is automatically sounded and an alarm is displayed in the fire occurrence area, And transmits the fire detection signal and the unique identification number (ID) of the controller 10 to the controller 200.
The FDC 100 may be installed in a plurality of ceilings or passages in a building. The emergency escape route guiding apparatus 100 is installed to guide a person who escapes to an emergency exit or evacuation site in the event of an emergency such as a fire, and the direction of the exit and the direction of the exit are indicated on the sign or the screen.
The escape route guiding apparatus 100 may include an exit display unit 110 and an exit direction display unit 120. At this time, the exit display unit 110 and the exit direction display unit 120 may be constituted by a display device, for example, an LED. In addition, the emergency exit display unit 110 may be formed of an acrylic plate, and the emergency exit direction display unit 120 may be formed of an LED.
The emergency exit device 100 may be configured to change the direction of the exit direction to the left or right direction according to the control signal transmitted from the system server 300 through the controller 200. [ For example, the escape route guiding apparatus 100 may be controlled so that the direction of the exit is located in a direction opposite to a point where a fire occurs, .
The escape route guiding apparatus 100 may be classified into a ceiling type and a passage type depending on the installation position, and the construction and operation thereof will be described later in detail with reference to the drawings (FIGS. 3 to 6).
The controller 200 transmits a fire detection signal and a unique identification number (ID) of the fire detector 10 received from the receiver 20 to the system server 300, And transmits the information of the RFID chip to the system server 300 and controls the direction of the exit of the exit device 100 according to the control signal of the system server 300. Also, the controller 200 may be configured to automatically operate the smoke alarm 220 when a fire detection signal is received from the fire detector 10. At this time, the controller 200 may be under the control of the system server 300.
The wired / wireless AP 210 may be installed in a plurality of buildings inside and outside the building. The wired / wireless AP 210 wirelessly receives the information of the RFID chip 600 possessed by a person and transmits the information to the controller 200. At this time, the RFID chip 600 may be installed in an access card, an ID card, a mobile phone, or the like.
When a fire detection signal is generated from the fire detector 10, the fire alarm 220 sounds a fire alarm under the control of the controller 200.
The system server 300 activates the smoke alarm 220 when a fire detection signal is received from the fire detector 10. The system server 300 extracts the fire position based on the fire detection signal and the unique identification number of the fire detector 10 received through the controller 200. [ In addition, a control signal is generated so that the exit direction of the exit of the exit device 100 is displayed in an exit or escape location opposite to the fire position or safe from fire. As described above, the series of processes for generating the control signal in the system server 300 can be configured to be performed automatically by preprogrammed programming.
Meanwhile, the control signal is transmitted to the controller 200, and the controller 200 controls the direction of the exit of the exit device 100 according to a control signal.
In addition, the system server 300 detects the number and location of the inside of the building based on the information of the RFID chip 600 received from the wired / wireless AP 210. The system server 300 displays an emergency evacuation guidance screen (see 700 in FIGS. 7 to 9) in which the fire position, the emergency exit position, ) Through an internal monitor (see 320 in FIG. 2) and an administrator monitor (see 330 in FIG. 2) installed inside the building. At this time, the system server 300 displays the number of people inside the building detected based on the RFID signal on the emergency evacuation guidance screen 700 for each location. Accordingly, the manager of the building can monitor the fire position, the evacuation direction of the exit device 100, and the number and position of the inside of the building through the supervisory monitor 330 in real time.
In addition, the system server 300 stores image information of the internal and administrator monitors 320 and 330 and image information of the camera 400 in the DB 310.
The surveillance cameras 400 are installed in a plurality of buildings and operate for 24 hours and provide moving images for monitoring and recording. The surveillance camera 400 transmits moving image information of a fire scene to the system server 300 when a fire occurs.
The RFID chip 600 is a device for storing information in a very small chip (IC chip) and transmitting data wirelessly through an antenna. The RFID chip 600 can be installed in an access card, an identification card, have. The RFID chip 600 transmits data information of the chip through the wireless communication with the wired / wireless AP 210 installed in the buildings.
The first embodiment of the intelligent emergency evacuation guiding system according to the present invention having the above-described configuration detects a fire position through the fire detector 10 at the system server 300 when a fire occurs in a building, By selectively controlling the escape direction of the escape route guiding apparatus 100 to a safe escape route or a place for evacuation as far as the distance, the large pizza can be safely and promptly guided. In addition, information on the RFID chip installed in an access card, an ID card, a mobile phone, etc. possessed by an individual can be received through the wired / wireless AP, and the number and position information of the inside of the building can be confirmed in real time on the monitor screen. In addition, moving picture information of a fire scene is acquired from a surveillance camera 400 installed at a fire location, and is monitored and stored. By displaying fire scene information in real time on the screen, rapid evacuation and fire suppression can be performed.
Second Embodiment of Intelligent Emergency Evacuation System
2 is a configuration diagram of an intelligent emergency evacuation system according to a second preferred embodiment of the present invention.
2, the intelligent emergency evacuation system according to the second embodiment of the present invention includes a fire detector 10, a receiver 20, an FDC 100, a controller 200, a wired / wireless AP 210, a fire alarm 220, a system server 300, a DB 310, an internal monitor 320, an administrator monitor 330, a surveillance camera 400, a 119 center 500, 501, a police station 510, a police mobile phone 511, a mobile phone 520 registered in the system, and an RFID chip 600.
The second embodiment of the intelligent emergency evacuation system includes an internal monitor 320, an administrator monitor 330, a 119 center 500, a cell phone 501 of a rescue team 119, a police station 510, a police cell phone 511 ), And the cellular phone 520 registered in the system is additionally configured in the first embodiment, and the rest of the configuration is the same as that of the first embodiment.
The internal monitor 320 may be installed in the inside of a building or a passage. The internal monitor 320 can display a cable broadcast, an advertisement, and the like at normal times. When an emergency such as a fire occurs, a screen (refer to FIG. 8) showing a building map, a fire position, an emergency exit position, and a direction of evacuation of the exit device 100 is displayed under the control of the system server 300 And encourage people inside the building to evacuate safely and quickly. At this time, the emergency exit and evacuation direction displayed on the screen of the internal monitor 320 are guided to a safe exit or evacuation site, which is opposite to the fire position or a predetermined distance away, The direction of arrow-guiding can be changed according to the control of the control unit.
9, the internal monitor 320 and the supervisory monitor 330 may be connected to an emergency evacuation route in which a fire position, an emergency exit position, The guidance screen 700 is displayed under the control of the system server 300.
At this time, the system server 300 receives the information of the RFID chip installed in the access card, the ID card, the employee ID card, the mobile phone, etc. owned by the individual through the wired / wireless AP 210 and detects the number of the inside of the building and the position information And to display it in real time through the internal and supervisory monitors 320 and 330.
Also, the system server 300 displays moving image information of a fire position on the screen through the monitoring camera 400 and monitors the moving image information, and stores the moving image information in the DB 310. When the fire sensor 10 receives the fire detection signal, the system server 300 transmits a fire generated push message to the 119 center 500, the police station 510, and the cellular phone 520 registered in the system It can be configured to transmit automatically. At this time, the mobile phone 520 may be a mobile phone registered in the system, including a manager of a building, a mobile phone such as a person working or living in the building.
In addition, the system server 300 may transmit moving picture information of a fire location together with the fire generated push message to the 119 center 500, the police station 510, the cellular phone 520, (700 in FIG. 9 or 700 in FIG. 12) indicating the fire position, the fire position, the emergency exit position, the direction of the exit of the emergency exit guide, the number of persons inside the building, and the location. At this time, the screen information is real time data information, and the fire position, the position of the person and the number of people may be changed with time.
The DB 310 stores the unique identification number and the fire detection signal of the fire detector 10 received through the system server 300 according to time zones and stores the unique identification number of the exit device 100 And stores the image information of the emergency evacuation guidance screen 700 and the camera 400 according to the time zone according to the control of the system server 300 and provides the stored information.
When the system center 300 receives the fire generated push message and the camera image information or the emergency evacuation guidance screen 700 from the system server 300, The user can recognize the quick and accurate fire situation by transmitting the generated push message and the image information of the camera or the emergency evacuation guidance screen 700 so that rapid lifesaving and fire suppression can be performed.
When the police server 510 receives the fire generated push message and the camera image information or the emergency evacuation guidance screen 700 from the system server 300, Message and the image information of the camera or the emergency evacuation guidance screen 700 so as to recognize the rapid and accurate fire situation, thereby enabling quick rescue and fire suppression.
The second embodiment of the intelligent emergency evacuation guiding system according to the present invention having the above-described configuration is characterized in that, when a fire occurs, an internal monitor 320 installed inside the hall or a hall, The direction of the escape route guiding device 100, and the number of people inside the building by location, thereby helping the escapee quickly evacuate to a safe exit area or evacuation site.
When a fire occurs, the system server 300 transmits image information of a fire location together with a fire generated push message to the 119 center 500, the police station 510, the registered cellular phone 520, etc. through a communication network, The fire escape guidance and the rescue structure can be performed by transmitting the emergency evacuation guidance screen 700 in which the fire position, the emergency exit position, and the guidance direction of the escape route guiding apparatus 100 are displayed in the corresponding number of storeys or roads inside the building.
Embodiment of Emergency Injection Device 100
Fig. 3 is an external view showing a first example of the escape-inducing device, and Fig. 4 is an external view showing a second example of the escape-inducing device. FIG. 3 shows a ceiling-type exit device 100 installed on a ceiling inside a building, and FIG. 4 shows a wall-like exit device 100 installed on a wall inside a building.
The escape route guiding apparatus 100 may include an exit display unit 110 and an exit direction display unit 120. At this time, the emergency exit display unit 110 may be configured to display an emergency exit, such as an LED, or to illuminate an LED or a lamp or a fluorescent lamp inside an acrylic plate on which an emergency exit sign is printed, have. The emergency exit direction display unit 120 may be configured to indicate an exit direction or an escape direction by an arrow and to selectively control the escape direction from the system server 300 to the left or right depending on the position of a fire . For this purpose, the emergency exit direction indicator 120 may comprise an LED. Also, both the exit point display unit 110 and the exit direction display unit 120 may be constituted by a display element, for example, an LED.
Fig. 5 is a configuration diagram of the outlet port induction apparatus 100 shown in Figs. 3 and 4. Fig.
5, the escape route guiding apparatus 100 includes an exit display unit 110, an exit direction indicator 120, an auxiliary battery 130, a power monitoring unit 140, a power input unit 150, a wired / 160, a direction control unit 170, and a control unit 180.
As described above, the emergency exit display unit 110 may be configured to include an LED, or may be configured to display an emergency exit display by lighting an LED or a lamp or a fluorescent lamp inside an acrylic plate on which an emergency exit sign is printed as in the conventional manner.
The emergency exit direction display unit 120 may include an LED, and the system server 300 may control the evacuation direction to the left or right depending on the location of the fire.
The auxiliary battery 130 may be used as an emergency power source when the emergency exit device 100 generates a power failure due to a fire or the like.
The power monitoring unit 140 transmits a signal to the power input unit 150, which monitors the power input to the emergency exit device 100. In response to the signal monitored by the power monitoring unit 140, the power input unit 150 receives power from the auxiliary battery 130 when no input power is supplied, that is, when a power failure occurs, (100).
The wired / wireless communication unit 160 transmits / receives a signal to / from the controller 200 via wired / wireless communication. The wired / wireless communication unit 160 receives the control signal of the system server 300 through the controller 200 and transmits the control signal to the controller 180. The emergency exit display unit 110 and the emergency exit direction display unit 120 And the unique identification number (ID) of the emergency exit device 100 are received through the controller 180 and transmitted to the system server 300 via the controller 200. [
The direction control unit 170 controls the control unit 180 to select the emergency exit direction of the emergency exit direction indicator 120 or the direction of the emergency exit in the left or right direction.
The control unit 180 controls the overall operation of the escape route guiding apparatus 100. The control unit 180 controls the direction of the exit of the escape route guiding apparatus 120 through the direction control unit 170 according to a control signal received through the wired / ) Or the escape direction of the vehicle. For example, the control unit 180 selectively controls the exit direction or the escape direction of the exit direction indicator 120 according to a control signal of the system server 300, The direction of the exit of the emergency exit direction indicator 120 or the direction of evacuation is controlled so as to guide the person to a safe emergency exit or evacuation site.
The control unit 180 controls the lighting state of the emergency exit display unit 110 and the emergency exit or escape direction of the emergency exit direction display unit 120 and their own unique identification number via the wired / (200) to the system server (300). 8, the system server 300 can be provided to monitor the position of the emergency exit device 100 disposed at the number of buildings where a fire occurs and the emergency exit direction through a monitor screen.
Fig. 6 is a configuration diagram showing a third example of the exit port guiding apparatus.
6, the emergency exit device 100 includes an auxiliary battery 130, a power monitoring unit 140, a power input unit 150, a wired / wireless communication unit 160, a controller 180, a display screen 190, And a driving unit 191, as shown in FIG.
6 includes a display screen 190 and a driving unit 191 in place of the direction control unit 170. The driving unit 191 includes a display unit 190, 5 is different from Fig.
The display screen 190 may include a display element, for example, an LED. The display screen 190 may be configured to selectively implement an emergency exit display and an emergency exit or escape direction display under the control of the driving unit 191.
The driving unit 191 drives the display screen 190 in accordance with the control signal of the controller 180 to control the display of the emergency exit, the emergency exit, or the evacuation direction.
The control unit 180 controls the overall operation of the exit device 100. The control unit 180 controls the entire operation of the emergency exit device 100 on the display screen 190 through the driving unit 191 according to a control signal received through the wired / And controls to display the exit direction or exit direction. For example, the control unit 180 selectively controls the exit direction or the escape direction of the display screen 190 according to a control signal of the system server 300. In other words, And controls to display the exit or exit direction of the display screen 190 so as to guide a person to a safe emergency exit or evacuation site.
The control unit 180 may control the lighting state of the display screen 190, the exit direction or the evacuation direction of the display screen 190 and the unique identification number (ID) of the user through the wired / wireless communication unit 160, (300). 8, the system server 300 can be provided to monitor the position of the emergency exit device 100 disposed at the number of buildings where a fire occurs and the emergency exit direction through a monitor screen.
Screen example
7 to 9 show an emergency evacuation guidance screen 700 of the internal monitor 320 and the supervisory monitor 300. FIG 7 is a diagram showing a screen of the fire detector 10 and a monitor screen FIG. 8 is a monitor screen showing a fire position, an emergency exit position, and an exit direction of an emergency exit, and FIG. 9 is a monitor screen showing a fire position, an exit position, an exit direction,
As shown in FIG. 7, the emergency evacuation guidance screen 700 of the present invention includes a map of the number of buildings where the system server 300 is installed and a position of the fire detector 10 and the exit port guiding apparatus 100 installed inside the building And can be configured to display the exit of the exit device 100 or the exit direction of the exit device 100, respectively.
In addition, the emergency evacuation guidance screen 700 may be configured such that a building map and an emergency exit position are displayed as shown in FIG. 8, a fire position detected through the fire detector 10 is displayed on the screen when a fire occurs in the building, The escape direction of the emergency exit device 100 indicated by the system server 300 as a safe emergency exit or a place for evacuation in the opposite direction or a predetermined distance away from the fire position may be displayed on the screen.
9, the emergency evacuation guidance screen 700 is displayed on the system server 300 through the display device 320, such as a map of a building where a fire has occurred, an emergency exit position, a fire position, And the number of people inside the building can be displayed in real time for each location of the building.
Example application of smartphone (800)
FIG. 10 is a view showing a screen of a smartphone 800 installed with a dedicated app in the intelligent emergency evacuation guidance system according to the present invention, FIG. 11 is a view showing an initial screen of execution of a dedicated app in the intelligent emergency evacuation system, 12 is a diagram showing an emergency evacuation guidance screen 700 of the smartphone 800. Fig.
In the present invention, when a dedicated application of the intelligent emergency evacuation guidance system is downloaded and installed in the smartphone 800 via the Internet and then executed, the number of floors in which a fire occurs or a route inside the building, a fire position, an emergency exit position, The emergency evacuation guidance screen 700 is displayed in real time on the screen 810 of the smartphone 800,
At this time, a building or a place to receive a service of the intelligent emergency evacuation system through the smartphone 800 should be registered in the intelligent emergency evacuation system. When a dedicated app is installed in the smartphone 800, a list of buildings registered in the system is provided on the screen, and a corresponding building is selected and set in the list. Then, an execution icon 820 of the app is generated as shown in FIG. 10 on the screen of the smartphone 800.
When the icon 820 is executed, an initial screen is created as shown in FIG. 11 and an emergency evacuation guidance screen 700 is displayed as shown in FIG. 12 by touching a screen or pressing an OK button. In addition, when the icon 620 is executed, the emergency evacuation guidance screen 700 may be directly outputted.
Here, the smartphone 800 may be the mobile phone 520 of FIG.
2, the mobile phone 501 of the 119 rescue unit and the cellular phone 511 of the police can not access the 119 center 500 from the system server 300 without installing a dedicated app for the intelligent emergency evacuation system. And the fire escape push message transmitted to the police station 510, the camera image information of the fire position, or the emergency evacuation guidance screen 700.
An embodiment of the intelligent emergency evacuation method
13 is a flowchart illustrating an intelligent emergency evacuation method according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
13, information of a RFID chip 600 held by a person is received wirelessly through a wired / wireless AP 210 installed inside and outside a building, and is transmitted to the system server 300 through the controller 200 (Step S10).
Then, the image information shot by the plurality of cameras 400 installed in the building is transmitted to the system server 300 in real time (step S20).
Thereafter, when a fire is detected in the fire detector 10 installed inside the building, the fire detection signal and the unique identification number are transmitted to the receiver 20 (steps S30 to S40).
Then, the receiver 20 transmits the fire detection signal and the unique identification number of the fire detector 10 to the system server 300 through the controller 200 (step S50).
Thereafter, when the system server 300 receives a fire detection signal, the fire alarm 220 is operated through the controller 200 (step S60).
Meanwhile, if a fire detection signal is generated in the fire detector 10, the controller 200 may automatically activate the smoke alarm 220 before the system server 300 receives the control signal.
Thereafter, the system server 300 detects the fire position based on the fire detection signal of the fire detector 10 and the unique identification number (step S70). Next, a control signal is generated so that the escape direction of the escape route guiding apparatus 100 is displayed at a safe exit or evacuation site located in a direction opposite to the fire position or a predetermined distance away (step S80).
At this time, the system server 300 can be controlled to automatically change the evacuation direction of the exit device 100 by a preprogrammed program. For example, the system server 300 generates a control signal so that the escape direction of the escape route guiding apparatus 100 is changed from a fire position or a fire position to a safe exit or evacuation site by a program.
Thereafter, in the controller 200, the direction of the exit of the emergency exit guide device 100 installed in the building according to the control signal of the system server 300 is set to a direction opposite to the fire position, (Step S90).
Thereafter, the system server 300 detects the position and the number of people inside the building based on the information of the RFID chip 600 (step S100). Then, the system server 300 displays the structure, the exit position, the fire position, the direction of the exit of the exit device, the number and the position of the inside of the building through the internal monitor 320 and the administrator monitor 330 (Step S110).
Thereafter, the system server 300 stores the video information of the internal and supervisory monitors 320 and 330 and the camera 400 in the DB 310 according to time zones (step S120).
Thereafter, the system server 300 transmits a fire generated push message to the 119 center 500, the police station 510, the registered cellular phone 520, and the like when a fire occurs. Then, the moving picture information of the fire position or the emergency evacuation guidance screen 700 together with the fire generated push message may be transmitted (step S100). At this time, the monitor screen includes the structure inside the building, the position of the exit of the exit, the fire position, the direction of the exit of the exit, and the number and position of the inside of the building.
The intelligent emergency evacuation method and system according to the present invention constructed as above can automatically control the evacuation direction of the emergency exit device by a safe emergency exit which is away from the fire location or at a predetermined distance, The emergency position, the fire position, the direction of the escape route guiding device, the number of persons inside the building, and the location, in real time, thereby solving the technical problem of the present invention.
In addition, when a fire occurs in a building, it is possible to transmit a fire generated push message to the 119 center, police station, registered cellular phone, etc., or to transmit the camera image information of the fire location or the structure inside the building where the fire occurred, the location of the exit, The guidance direction, the number of persons inside the building, and the position of the monitor screen together, thereby solving the technical problem of the present invention.
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and changes can be made in the present invention without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims. And such modifications and changes are to be regarded as falling within the scope of the following claims.
10: fire detector 20: receiver
100: Emergency exit device (FDC) 110: Emergency exit display
120: Emergency exit direction indicator 130:
140: power monitoring unit 150: power input unit
160: wired / wireless communication unit 170: direction control unit
180: control unit 190: display screen
191: Driving unit 200:
210: wired / wireless access point (AP) 220: smoke alarm
300: system server 310: database (DB)
320: Internal Monitor 330: Admin Monitor
400: Surveillance camera 500: 119 Center
501: 119 rescue mobile phone 510: police station
511: Police Cell Phone
520: Mobile phone registered in the system 600: RFID chip
700: emergency evacuation screen
800: Smartphone 810: Screen of Smartphone
820: Icons of Dedicated App of Intelligent Emergency Evacuation System

Claims (4)

  1. (a) wirelessly receiving an RFID signal of an RFID chip embedded in an access card in a wired or wireless AP and transmitting the RFID signal to a system server;
    (b) transmitting a fire detection signal and a unique identification number to the system server when a fire is detected in the fire detector;
    (c) activating a fire alarm when a fire detection signal is received from the system server, and transmitting camera image information of a fire location together with a fire generated push message to a cellular phone registered in the 119 center, a police station, and a system;
    (d) The system server detects a fire position on the basis of the fire detection signal and the unique identification number, and generates a control signal for controlling the escape direction of the escape route guiding device toward the exit in the opposite direction to the fire position ;
    (e) converting the evacuation direction to the exit direction opposite to the fire position in accordance with the control signal of the system server in the exit device, and transmitting its own identification number and evacuation direction to the system server; And
    (f) The system server detects the number of people inside the building based on the RFID signal of the access card on the basis of the RFID signal of the access card, and detects the location of the inside of the building, the fire position, the emergency exit position, Outputting an emergency evacuation guidance screen in which the number of people is indicated by the evacuation direction and the position inside the building, and guiding the evacuation route;
    Wherein the intelligent emergency evacuation guidance method comprises:
  2. The method according to claim 1,
    In the intelligent emergency evacuation method,
    Outputting image information of a fire position on a screen in real time through a camera installed in a building in the system server and storing image information of the camera in a time zone;
    Further comprising the steps of:
  3. The method according to claim 1,
    In the intelligent emergency evacuation method,
    When a smart phone is downloaded and installed a dedicated app for the intelligent emergency evacuation system via the Internet, it is possible to display emergency number, number of persons by the location of the inside of the building, fire position, emergency exit position, exit direction of the emergency exit device, The evacuation guidance screen is displayed on the screen of the smartphone,
    Intelligent emergency evacuation method.
  4. An access card that wirelessly transmits an RFID signal by incorporating an RFID chip;
    A wired / wireless AP for wirelessly receiving an RFID signal of the access card;
    A camera installed inside the building and photographing the surroundings with the image;
    A fire detector for detecting a fire in the building and transmitting a fire detection signal and a unique identification number;
    An escape route guiding device for converting the escape direction to an exit direction opposite to the fire position according to a control signal of the system server when the fire is detected and transmitting its own identification number and escape direction to the system server;
    A reception unit receiving the fire detection signal and the unique identification number of the fire detector and transmitting the received fire detection signal and the unique identification number to the controller;
    When a fire detection signal is received through the reception unit, a fire alarm is automatically generated. The reception unit receives the fire detection signal and the unique identification number and transmits the fire detection signal and the unique identification number to the system server. And a controller for selectively controlling the evacuation direction of the exit device according to a control signal of the system server.
    A fire alarm for generating a fire alarm under the control of the controller;
    Upon receipt of the fire detection signal, the camera automatically transmits the fire-generated push message and the camera image information of the fire position to the mobile phone registered in the 119 center, the police station, and the system. Based on the fire detection signal and the unique identification number of the fire detector, And generates a control signal for controlling the evacuation direction of the exit device to the exit in a direction opposite to the fire position by a preprogrammed program, and based on the RFID signal of the access card received from the wired / wireless AP, Emergency evacuation guidance screen is displayed on the monitor inside the building showing the number of the people inside the building, the location of the emergency exit, the location of fire, the direction of evacuation of the emergency exit device, And storing video information of the camera in a time zone;
    And an intelligent emergency evacuation system.
KR1020160030036A 2016-03-14 2016-03-14 An intelligence type emergency shunting incitement method and system of the same KR101827733B1 (en)

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KR102062462B1 (en) * 2018-08-13 2020-01-03 박영진 IoT FIRE SENSOR AND IoT SMART SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM USING THEREOF
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