KR101796207B1 - Steel coulmn connecting construction method for earthquake-resistant - Google Patents

Steel coulmn connecting construction method for earthquake-resistant Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101796207B1
KR101796207B1 KR1020150118884A KR20150118884A KR101796207B1 KR 101796207 B1 KR101796207 B1 KR 101796207B1 KR 1020150118884 A KR1020150118884 A KR 1020150118884A KR 20150118884 A KR20150118884 A KR 20150118884A KR 101796207 B1 KR101796207 B1 KR 101796207B1
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
steel
pad
steel column
stress absorbing
stress
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KR1020150118884A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20170023572A (en
Inventor
엄흥섭
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엄흥섭
민경기술 주식회사
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Priority to KR1020150118884A priority Critical patent/KR101796207B1/en
Publication of KR20170023572A publication Critical patent/KR20170023572A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F8/00Arrangements for absorbing or reflecting air-transmitted noise from road or railway traffic
    • E01F8/0005Arrangements for absorbing or reflecting air-transmitted noise from road or railway traffic used in a wall type arrangement
    • E01F8/0023Details, e.g. foundations
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D27/00Foundations as substructures
    • E02D27/01Flat foundations
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D27/00Foundations as substructures
    • E02D27/01Flat foundations
    • E02D27/016Flat foundations made mainly from prefabricated concrete elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D27/00Foundations as substructures
    • E02D27/01Flat foundations
    • E02D27/02Flat foundations without substantial excavation

Abstract

The present invention relates to a seismic isolation structure for a seismic isolation structure having an earthquake-proof performance that is easy to seismically reinforce a structure by absorbing inertial energy transmitted to a structure by using a tensile material and a stress absorbing pad, The method comprises the steps of: (a) fixing an extended support plate having a pad insertion groove formed in an upper portion of a concrete foundation using a steel bolt, using an anchor bolt; (b) inserting a stress absorbing pad into the pad insertion groove of the extended supporting plate; (c) an extension support plate integrally formed on the bottom surface of the steel member so that the bottom surface projection insertion port is in contact with the top surface of the stress absorbing pad inserted into the pad insertion groove; And a bottom surface protrusion insertion port protruding from the bottom surface of the extension support plate, and integrally forming a steel column on the extension support plate.

Description

TECHNICAL FIELD [0001] The present invention relates to a steel column connection portion having an earthquake-

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention [0001] The present invention relates to a steel column connection portion having a seismic performance. More particularly, the present invention relates to a steel frame structure having an earthquake-proof performance that is easy to seismically reinforce a structure by absorbing inertial energy transmitted to a structure during an earthquake using a tensile member and a stress absorbing pad, And a method of constructing the column connection portion.

1 shows a connection structure between a conventional concrete foundation 10 and a support.

It can be seen that the strut uses the steel column 20 as the support for the sound barrier, and that the lower end of the steel column 20 is fixed to the upper surface of the concrete by the anchor bolts 30.

Therefore, when the horizontal force acts on the support, the support is resistant to the shear force of the anchor bolts fixed to the foundation of the concrete. In fact, the resistance performance of the support by the anchor bolts is limited.

In addition, if the concrete foundation and the connection part of the support are damaged, it is inevitably disadvantageous in terms of maintenance because it is inevitably demolished and newly constructed.

Therefore, in the present invention, when a steel column is installed on a concrete foundation and a beam is installed between steel columns, when the horizontal force acts due to an earthquake or the like, the connection resistance between the beam and the steel column due to the horizontal force, And to provide a method of constructing a steel column connection portion having a seismic performance that maximizes performance.

First, according to the present invention, a connection portion between a steel column and a concrete foundation is fixedly installed on an upper surface of a concrete foundation, on which an extension support plate having a pad insertion groove formed as a groove shaped in a top surface is formed, and a stress absorbing pad is inserted into the pad insertion groove .

Secondly, an extension support plate is formed on the bottom surface of the steel column, and a bottom surface projection insertion port is integrally formed on the bottom surface of the expansion support plate. The bottom surface projection insertion port is inserted into the pad insertion groove, The extension support plate is integrated with the extension support plate.

Third, the ends of the steel beams are connected to the steel columns, the tension members are disposed over the extended lengths of the steel beams, the tension members of the steel beams are cross-fixed to the steel columns after the strains are cross-fixed, and the steel beams are fixed to the steel columns by tension- .

To this end,

(a) fixing an extended support plate having a pad insertion groove formed in an upper portion of a concrete base by using an anchor bolt; (b) inserting a stress absorbing pad into the pad insertion groove of the extended supporting plate; (c) an extension support plate integrally formed on the bottom surface of the steel member so that the bottom surface projection insertion port is in contact with the top surface of the stress absorbing pad inserted into the pad insertion groove; And a bottom surface protrusion insertion protrusion formed on a bottom surface of the extended support plate, the method comprising: installing a steel column integrally formed on the extended support plate integrally; And

(d) an end surface of the steel beam is integrally and tightly fixed to both flanges of the steel column, wherein the tension material disposed over the extension length of one steel beam passes through one flange of the steel column adjacent to the other, And a step of crossing and fixing the tension member disposed on the other steel bridge through the other flange of the steel column adjacent to the one side flange after the tension is applied to the other steel bridge, thereby providing a method of constructing a steel column connection portion having a seismic performance.

In the present invention, a steel beam, a steel column, and a concrete foundation are connected to each other by the tension fixation and expansion support plate of the tension member and the expansion support plate,

It is possible to secure the flexural rigidity of the steel beams according to the introduction of the compressive stress by the tensile material, so that it is possible to install the steel beams (extension distance between the column structure and the column structure) and energy dissipation by the inelastic permanent deformation of the tension member It is advantageous for seismic strengthening of the structure.

In addition, the concentrated stress generated by the stress absorbing pad can be canceled at the steel column and concrete foundation connection portion, so that it is possible to effectively resist horizontal force due to earthquake and the like, and local buckling of the connection portion can be prevented.

In addition, steel columns and steel beams are cross-fixed at the steel columns, so that it is easy to maintain the joints through re-tension.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a view showing a connection structure between a concrete foundation and a support,
FIGS. 2A, 2B, 2C, and 2D illustrate a connection structure and a combined perspective view of a steel column, a steel beam, and a concrete foundation of the present invention.
FIGS. 3A, 3B, and 3C are flowcharts of a method of constructing a steel column connection portion having an earthquake-proof performance according to the present invention.

Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, which will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art. The present invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. In order to clearly illustrate the present invention, parts not related to the description are omitted, and similar parts are denoted by like reference characters throughout the specification.

Throughout the specification, when an element is referred to as "comprising ", it means that it can include other elements as well, without excluding other elements unless specifically stated otherwise.

A steel column connection portion having an earthquake-proof performance according to the present invention will be described with reference to Figs. 2A to 2D.

[Connection structure of the steel column 100 and the concrete foundation 300]

FIGS. 2A and 2B are a connection diagram and a perspective view showing a connection between the steel column 100 and the concrete foundation 300. FIG.

First, the connection structure between the steel column 100 and the concrete foundation 300 according to FIG. 2A is shown to be strengthened by using the stress absorbing pad 410.

Accordingly, the stress absorbing pad 410 serves to absorb and neutralize the transmitted stress as the name suggests, and the stress absorbing pad 410 is formed in the form of a rectangular plate made of stainless steel or lead.

Accordingly, the stress absorbing pad 410 absorbs and cancels the stress transmitted in a process of absorbing the stress due to limited sliding or deformation by the transmitted stress.

In this case, for the limited sliding or deformation, the present invention utilizes an extended support plate 420 having a pad insertion groove 422 formed therein and a bottom projection insertion opening 120 protruding from the bottom of the steel column 100.

As shown in FIGS. 2A and 2B, an extension supporting plate 420 fixed to an upper surface of a concrete foundation 300 with an anchor bolt is provided. The extension means has a cross-sectional area larger than that of the steel column, And the like.

2A, a rectangular extended support plate 420 is disclosed, and an anchor hole 421 is formed at an edge portion so that the anchor bolt 440 can pass through.

In addition, it can be seen that the pad insertion groove 422 is formed in the shape of a broken groove on the upper surface of the central portion.

The pad insertion groove 422 is a groove having a cross-sectional area into which the stress absorbing pad 410 can be inserted, and is formed as a square groove in FIG. 2A.

In the state where the stress absorbing pad 410 is inserted into the pad inserting groove 422, the bottom surface protrusion inserting port 120 formed in the lower part of the steel column 100 contacts the upper surface of the pad inserting groove 422, And the bottom protrusion insertion opening 120 is inserted into the bottom protrusion insertion slot 422.

At this time, the bottom protrusion insertion opening 120 is formed as a protruded block shape in the shape of a rectangular parallelepiped and is a solid block.

The load acting on the steel column 100 is guided to the bottom protrusion insertion port 120 and transferred to the stress absorbing pad 410. [

Further, since the steel column 100 uses a steel member having an H-shaped cross section, the expansion supporting plate 110 is integrally formed on the bottom surface.

The bottom support protrusion insertion hole 120 is integrally formed on the bottom surface of the extension support plate 110 so as to have a cross sectional area larger than the cross sectional area of the bottom surface of the steel column 100.

Accordingly, the stress transmitted to the expansion supporting plate 110 can be easily dispersed while the steel column 100 can be stably installed, and the stress is absorbed by the stress absorbing pad 410 through the bottom protrusion insertion opening 120 .

The bottom surface protrusion insertion port 120 is formed integrally with the steel column so that when the horizontal force is applied by an earthquake or the like, the top surface of the stress absorbing pad 410 is limited by sliding or limited deformation, It has seismic performance through dissipation and cancellation.

The bottom protrusion insertion opening 120 is formed to be slightly smaller than the top surface cross-sectional area of the stress absorbing pad 410 so that limited sliding or limited deformation is not constrained.

2B, the bottom surface protrusion insertion port 120 is formed by inserting the pad insertion groove 422 in the state where the stress absorbing pad 410 is installed, by inserting the extension support plate 110 integrally fixed on the upper surface of the extended support plate 420, It is possible to maintain the inserted state.

[Connection of steel column and steel beam]

2C and 2D show connection diagrams between the steel column 100 and the steel beam 200. FIG.

A steel column 100 is installed on a concrete foundation 300 and a steel beam 200 is connected horizontally to the steel column 100 and then a slab (bottom plate) is formed on the upper surface of the steel beam 200 Construction will be done by construction.

As shown in FIG. 2C, the steel column 100 is a steel member having an H-shaped cross section. In connecting the steel beam 200 as a steel member having an H-shaped cross section, welding or bolt connection is usually used.

Such a welding or bolting method is merely intended to function as a steel structure, and even if a diaphragm is used, it is only a matter of introducing a compression prestress into the steel beam 200 itself.

Therefore, the steel beam 200 is welded to the upper part of the steel column 100 so as to face each other, and the steel beam 200 is cross-fixed to the steel column 100 using the tension member 430.

That is, as shown in FIG. 2C, the end faces of the steel beam 200 are integrally joined to the flanges of the steel column 100, and the tension member 430a disposed over the extended length of the steel beam 200a, Through the one side flange of the column and then to the other side flange after the tension.

In addition, the tension member 430b disposed on the other steel bar 200b passes through the other side flange of the steel column adjacent thereto and is fixed to one flange after tension.

If the steel beam 200 is installed only on one side of the steel column 100 as shown in FIG. 2d, the tension member 430 may pass through the steel column and be fixed on the outer side after being strained.

As a result, when an excessive bending moment is generated in the steel beam 200 due to an earthquake or the like, the tension member 430 tension-fixed to the end of the steel beam can be easily installed It will not be able to withstand the bending moment.

The present invention is such that an end portion of a tension member 430 disposed on a steel beam 200 is cross-fixed to the steel column 100 so that the tension member 430 can be suspended by the tension member on the steel beam 200.

In other words, the tensile material 430 is capable of dissipating loads due to energy dispersion while generating inelastic permanent deformation as the bending moment increases.

As a result, after the steel column 100 and the steel frame 200 according to the present invention are strong, after the inelastic permanent deformation occurs due to the tensile material, the steel column 100 can more effectively resist the horizontal force due to the earthquake and the like and restrain the residual deformation of the steel column.

As described above, when the final stress is transmitted to the concrete foundation 300 through the steel column 100, the stress transmitted by the extension support plate 110 formed on the bottom of the steel beam 200 is dispersed, So that the stress is transmitted to the stress absorbing pad 410 through the bottom protrusion insertion opening 120 formed in the bottom surface of the extension supporting plate 110.

[Construction method of steel column connection with seismic performance]

FIGS. 3A, 3B, and 3C are flowcharts of a connection method of a steel column, a steel beam, and a concrete foundation of the present invention.

First, the concrete foundation 300 is constructed as shown in FIG.

The concrete foundation 300 is a concrete structure that can be formed as a foundation or the like for constructing a structure and has a constant thickness.

Accordingly, the steel column 100 is installed vertically upward on the upper surface of the concrete foundation 300, and the upward extension length is determined considering the bedding height.

An extension support plate 420 is used to fix the steel column 100 to the upper surface of the concrete foundation 300.

That is, when the steel column 100 is installed as shown in FIG. 3A, the extension supporting plate 420 is fixed to the upper surface of the concrete foundation 300 using the anchor bolts.

It can be seen that a pad insertion groove 422 is formed on the central upper surface of the extended support plate 420 and a stress absorbing pad 410 is inserted in the pad insertion groove 422.

Next, as shown in FIG. 3B, the steel column 100 having the extension supporting plate 110 integrally formed at the lower part and the bottom surface protrusion insertion opening 120 integrally formed at the bottom surface of the expansion supporting plate 110 is lifted, The extended support plate 110 is fixed to the extended support plate 420 by welding or the like in a state where the protrusion insertion port 120 is supported on the upper surface of the stress absorbing pad 410.

Next, as shown in FIG. 3C, the steel beam 200 is installed on the upper part of the steel column 100, and the tension member 430 is cross-fixed to the steel beam 200.

When the steel column 100 and the steel beam 200 are installed on the concrete foundation 300 by using the tension member 430, a slab (not shown) is installed to complete the basic construction of the final structure.

Furthermore, as the time elapses, the maintenance due to the restoration of the load carrying capacity of the aging structure can be completed easily and quickly only by re-tensioning the stranded wire.

Thus, the present invention enables the connection between a steel column and a steel column having excellent energy absorbing ability while eliminating the residual strain after plastic deformation without reducing the initial stiffness. The steel column and the steel column are constrained to each other by a tension member, It provides the joint structure that absorbs energy and eliminates the residual deformation that occurs at the connection between the steel beam and the steel column. At the same time, it prevents the moment and sag occurring at the center of the slab by the tension, It is possible to maximize the dynamic resistance against the vertical and horizontal loads of the structure.

It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the foregoing description of the present invention is for illustrative purposes only and that those of ordinary skill in the art can readily understand that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics of the present invention. will be. It is therefore to be understood that the above-described embodiments are illustrative in all aspects and not restrictive. For example, each component described as a single entity may be distributed and implemented, and components described as being distributed may also be implemented in a combined form.

The scope of the present invention is defined by the appended claims rather than the detailed description and all changes or modifications derived from the meaning and scope of the claims and their equivalents are to be construed as being included within the scope of the present invention do.

100: Steel column
110: Extension support plate
120: bottom protrusion insertion port
200: steel bars
200a, 200b: one side and the other side
300: Concrete foundation
410: Stress absorbing pad
420: Extension support plate
430: Tension material
430a.430b: one side and the other side tension material

Claims (4)

(a) fixing an extension support plate 420 having a pad insertion groove 422 formed in an upper portion of a concrete foundation 300 using an anchor bolt to install a steel column 100;
(b) inserting the stress absorbing pad 410 into the pad inserting groove 422 of the extended supporting plate 420;
(c) an extension support plate 110 integrally formed on the bottom surface as a steel member; And a bottom surface protruding insertion hole 120 protruding from the bottom surface of the extension supporting plate 110 are installed integrally with the extension supporting plate 420 so as to be inserted into the pad insertion groove 422, A step of inserting the bottom surface projection insertion port 120 into the upper surface of the stress absorbing pad 410; And
(d) The end face of the steel beam 200 is integrally formed with the flanges of the steel column 100, and the tension member 430a disposed over the extended length of the one steel beam 200a has one side The tension member 430b disposed on the other steel bar 200b passes through the flange on the other side of the steel column so as to cross-fix the tension bar on the one flange after passing through the flange,
In the step (c), when the stress absorbing pad 410 is inserted into the pad inserting groove 422, the bottom surface protrusion inserting port 120 formed at the lower portion of the steel column 100 contacts the upper surface of the pad inserting groove 422 The bottom surface projection insertion port 120 is inserted into the pad insertion groove 422 so that the steel column 100 is integrally installed on the extended support plate 420,
The bottom surface protrusion insertion port 120 provided to abut on the upper surface of the stress absorbing pad 410 in the step (c) is formed integrally with the steel column 100 so that the upper surface of the stress absorbing pad 410 is limited by limited sliding or limited deformation Wherein the stress absorbing pad (410) is formed to have a cross sectional area smaller than a cross sectional area of the top surface of the stress absorbing pad (410) so as to cause energy dissipation and offset.
delete delete The method according to claim 1,
The stress absorbing pad 410 of the step (b) is formed in the form of a square plate made of stainless steel or lead, and the transmitted stress is absorbed in the process of absorbing the stress by limited sliding or deformation by the transmitted stress, The steel column connection portion having a seismic performance is provided.


KR1020150118884A 2015-08-24 2015-08-24 Steel coulmn connecting construction method for earthquake-resistant KR101796207B1 (en)

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CN107313628A (en) * 2017-08-24 2017-11-03 中国电子科技集团公司第三十八研究所 A kind of basic digging-free assembled tower-type space garage and its construction method

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2972958B2 (en) * 1990-06-27 1999-11-08 清水建設株式会社 Beam-to-column connection method
KR200175141Y1 (en) * 1999-11-02 2000-03-15 대창중기공업주식회사 Shoe device of bridge
KR200322053Y1 (en) * 2003-05-15 2003-08-02 김정겸 Clamping apparatus for preventing noise of train rail

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2972958B2 (en) * 1990-06-27 1999-11-08 清水建設株式会社 Beam-to-column connection method
KR200175141Y1 (en) * 1999-11-02 2000-03-15 대창중기공업주식회사 Shoe device of bridge
KR200322053Y1 (en) * 2003-05-15 2003-08-02 김정겸 Clamping apparatus for preventing noise of train rail

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