KR101747682B1 - Safety-enhanced elevator - Google Patents

Safety-enhanced elevator Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101747682B1
KR101747682B1 KR1020150143228A KR20150143228A KR101747682B1 KR 101747682 B1 KR101747682 B1 KR 101747682B1 KR 1020150143228 A KR1020150143228 A KR 1020150143228A KR 20150143228 A KR20150143228 A KR 20150143228A KR 101747682 B1 KR101747682 B1 KR 101747682B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
elevator
space
floor
shock
user
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020150143228A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20170043763A (en
Inventor
김민영
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김민영
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Priority to KR1020150143228A priority Critical patent/KR101747682B1/en
Publication of KR20170043763A publication Critical patent/KR20170043763A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of KR101747682B1 publication Critical patent/KR101747682B1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/28Buffer-stops for cars, cages, or skips
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B11/00Main component parts of lifts in, or associated with, buildings or other structures
    • B66B11/02Cages, i.e. cars
    • B66B11/026Attenuation system for shocks, vibrations, imbalance, e.g. passengers on the same side
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/28Buffer-stops for cars, cages, or skips
    • B66B5/282Structure thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/28Buffer-stops for cars, cages, or skips
    • B66B5/284Buffer-stops for cars, cages, or skips mounted on cars or counterweights

Abstract

The present invention absorbs shocks in an emergency situation such as falling of an elevator car, and when the elevator user needs to be protected, the floor on which the elevator user stands is deformed to absorb the impact first, So that the shock is absorbed through the floor which is directly transmitted to the elevator user, thereby providing an elevator with enhanced safety function for safely protecting the elevator user while enhancing the impact absorbing effect It has its purpose.
In addition, according to the present invention, the wall of the installation space for installing the shock absorber below the floor is formed in a corrugated shape so that the wall is absorbed by the impact applied to the elevator car through folding and deformation, The elevator is configured to further include a handle in the space to allow the elevator user to hold the elevator. Thus, it is possible to further reduce the amount of the shock that can be applied to the elevator user in addition to the floor and the shock absorber, have.

Description

SAFETY-ENHANCED ELEVATOR [0002]

More particularly, the present invention relates to an elevator, and more particularly, to a floor structure in which when a safety accident occurs, a floor portion on which an elevator user stands is configured to absorb shocks through fracture and deformation, So that the safety function can be enhanced by reducing the injury that the user of the elevator can wear.

Generally, an elevator refers to a device that is designed to carry a person or cargo on a high ground or underground in a short time. These elevators are equipped with safeguards so that they can be prepared for various safety accidents according to their types. For example, the safety device for a rope-type elevator is as follows.

1. Overload detection device

- Function: When the load exceeds the rated load, the alarm sounds and the door opens. Open and wait until solving

- In the event of failure: The overload can not be detected and the elevator may fall due to overload. Unstable operation due to slip of main rope and sheave

2. Emergency Call button and intercom

- Function: Device for communication with outside when passengers are trapped due to power failure or malfunction

- In the case of failure: In the case of power failure or malfunction, communication with the outside should be disconnected and locked in the elevator.

3. Emergency lights

- Function: Preliminary lighting device which can maintain brightness of 1lux or more in the elevator during power failure

- In case of failure: It is difficult to locate the communication device with the outside when confined in the elevator due to power outage.

4. Door switch

- Function: Door safety device installed on the car door drive device,

- In case of malfunction: The elevator moves while the car door is opened.

5. Door interlocks and switches

- Function: It is a safeguard of the platform door. It prevents the car from operating when the platform door is opened. It locks the door without opening the door from the outside unless it is a special key in the floor without car.

- In the event of a breakdown: The passenger of the platform may fall on the hoistway or the passenger may be stuck between the elevator and the wall by moving the platform door open.

6. Magnetic brake

- Function: It is always open during operation with direct current electronic operation, and the power is shut off at the time of stop.

- In case of failure: The brake can be moved in a state of being caught, resulting in uncontrolled operation due to excessive wear of the brake lining.

7. Buffer

- Function: It is installed on the pit to relieve the impact when the elevator falls to the bottom of the hoistway. It has spring type and inflow type.

In order to obtain such a safety function, the safety operation of the elevator is secured by various functions and methods as in Patent Documents 1 to 3.

Patent Document 1 (Korean Patent No. 1277680)

An industrial elevator that can easily and safely open and close the safety gate in the process of loading and unloading each floor of the worker or loading and unloading building materials through the safety gate installed in each floor of the new building with respect to the elevating door installed on the front of the industrial elevator A first metallic or magnet plate installed on one side of an external surface of a lift of an elevator lifted from the outside of the building structure; A door opening / closing device rotatably installed on a door frame across an upper portion of the safety door on the side of the building structure, wherein the safety door opening / closing device comprises a locking bar in an angle view from the side, And a connecting rod connecting one end of the moving rod and the locking weight, and a connecting rod connecting the one end of the moving rod and the locking weight, And a second magnet or a metallic plate installed at the other end of the moving rod.

Patent Document 2 ( Korea Registration Practice  No. 0473200)

An elevator safety door, comprising: an elevator door having a pair of doors slidably driven on both sides thereof; and a frame having a rectangular cross-sectional shape having one side opened and having an opening portion extending toward the elevator door, And a second frame which is provided in the first frame and which is long in the vertical direction on the inside of the first frame so as to face the first frame, The frame is fastened to the elevator door by a first fastening protruding outwardly with reference to the opening face of the opened end face, and the second frame is fastened to the inside And the second frame is fastened to the inside of the first frame by a second fastening protruding in the direction of the first frame to support the load. It is about safety doors.

Patent Document 3 (Korean Patent Publication No. 10-2015-0100090)

The guide groove of the door seal and the guide groove of the guide groove of the door seal are formed on the upper surface of the door seal installed on the landing platform or the elevating car so as to penetrate the guide groove formed in the lower portion in the longitudinal direction, So as to minimize the infiltration of foreign matter into the guide grooves, to ensure safe operation of the elevator, to prevent malfunctions and failures due to foreign matter, to reduce maintenance costs, and to prevent the connection plate from moving The present invention provides a safety guiding device for an elevator door that is installed in a state where it is inserted into a groove, thereby improving a supporting force of the door to prevent falling.

On the other hand, the safety device of the conventional elevator has the following problems.

(1) There is a risk that the lift of the elevator user will deteriorate because the elevator car falls down and the shock absorption becomes mainstream.

(2) In other words, the safeguard apparatus of the conventional elevator apparatus protects the elevator user by preventing the elevator car from dropping and falling, so that the impact applied to the elevator car may be directly transmitted to the elevator user.

(3) The impact transmitted directly to the elevator user through the elevator car may cause more injury to the elevator user.

Korean Registered Patent No. 1277680 (Registered on March 17, 2013) Korean Registration Practical Usage No. 0473200 (Registered on Apr. 2014) Korean Patent Publication No. 10-2015-0100090 (Publication date: 2015.09.02)

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention has been made in view of the above circumstances, and it is an object of the present invention to provide an elevator lifting device which absorbs shocks in an emergency situation such as a falling car, By absorbing shocks through a shock absorber installed at the bottom, shocks are absorbed through the floor directly to the elevator user, so safety function that safely protects elevator users while enhancing impact absorbing effect The purpose of the present invention is to provide a reinforced elevator.

In addition, according to the present invention, the wall of the installation space for installing the shock absorber below the floor is formed in a corrugated shape so that the wall is absorbed by the impact applied to the elevator car through folding and deformation, The elevator is configured to further include a handle in the space to allow the elevator user to hold the elevator. Thus, it is possible to further reduce the amount of the shock that can be applied to the elevator user in addition to the floor and the shock absorber, have.

In order to attain the above object, an elevator in which a safety function according to [Embodiment 1] of the present invention is enhanced has an internal space 110 capable of accommodating a user of an elevator, and a floor 111 of the internal space 110, And an elevating car (100) having an absorption space (120) having a shock absorber (121) formed therein,
The bottom 111 is formed to have a size that does not deviate from the edge forming the bottom area of the inner space 110 and welds the edge of the bottom 111 to deform the bottom 111 into the absorption space 120, Absorbing material 121 through the shock absorber 121, and the absorbing space 120 is formed by corrugating the wall 122 to absorb shock.

An elevator having enhanced safety functions according to the second embodiment of the present invention includes an inner space 110 capable of accommodating elevator users, The floor 111 is formed to have a size that does not deviate from the edge forming the bottom area of the inner space 110 and the edge is formed in advance The bottom 111 is deformed into the absorbing space 120 to absorb the primary impact and then the secondary shock is absorbed through the shock absorber 121, The absorbing space 120 is formed by forming a portion of the wall 122 in a corrugated shape so as to absorb shock.

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The elevator with enhanced safety functions according to the present invention has the following effects.

(1) As the floor of the elevator user is directly deformed, the shock absorbing effect can be enhanced because the floor is directly deformed.

(2) In particular, since shock absorption is performed in succession through the deformation-shock absorber of the fracture-bottom of the fixing means such as welding or bolt fixing the floor, shock absorption is performed step by step, and safety can be further enhanced.

(3) In addition, the shock absorber is provided and the wall of the absorption space constituting a part of the elevating car is formed in a corrugated shape so that the shock absorption can be supplementarily performed. Even if an impact is applied to the lower portion of the actual elevating car, Can be prevented from being transmitted to the user of the elevator through the elevator car, and the impact can be absorbed by the impact when the floor is deformed, so that the shock can be absorbed and the safety can be enhanced.

(4) In addition, when an elevator user mounts a handle in an interior space on which the elevator user is mounted and an accident occurs while the elevator user grasps the handle, the string connecting the handle is extended to allow shock absorption, Can be further increased.

1 is a perspective view schematically showing an elevator structure of an elevator according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view showing the internal structure of a lifter according to [Embodiment 1] of the present invention. FIG.
3 is a cross-sectional view showing a modification of the bottom of the elevator car according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention.
[Fig. 4] is an enlarged view of a main portion for showing a state in which a floor of a lift car according to [Embodiment 2] of the present invention is fixed.
[Fig. 5] is a sectional view showing the internal construction of a lift car according to [Embodiment 3] of the present invention. [Fig.
6 is a cross-sectional view showing the internal structure of a lifter according to [Embodiment 4] of the present invention.

Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. Prior to this, terms and words used in the present specification and claims should not be construed as limited to ordinary or dictionary terms, and the inventor should properly define the concept of the term to describe its invention in the best possible way The present invention should be construed in accordance with the spirit and scope of the present invention.

Therefore, the embodiments described in the present specification and the configurations shown in the drawings are merely the most preferred embodiments of the present invention and are not intended to represent all of the technical ideas of the present invention. Thus, various equivalents And variations may be present.

As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 3, the elevator in which the safety function according to the first embodiment of the present invention is enhanced has an inner space 110 on which the elevator user can ride, And an absorption space 120 formed at a lower portion of the main body 111.

Particularly, in the first embodiment, when a safety accident occurs such as a free fall of the elevator car 100, the bottom 111 absorbs the impact primarily, and at the same time, the shock absorber 121, so that the user of the elevator can absorb the shock through the part on which the foot is placed, thereby enhancing the safety.

Hereinafter, this configuration will be described in more detail.

The elevator car 100 is a part of an elevator that moves up and down in a building or the like and carries cargo and people. In the present invention, the elevator car 100 is described as being made for life as shown in [Fig. 1] to [Fig. 3]. The lifting and lowering car 100 according to the first embodiment of the present invention includes an inner space 110 capable of being lifted or lowered by the elevator user and an absorption space 120 formed at the bottom of the inner space 110 ).

The inner space 110 is an accommodation space in which the user of the elevator can ride on and off substantially as shown in [FIG. 1] to [FIG. 3], and the size of the inner area is determined according to the scale of the elevator.

Particularly, in the internal space 110, when the safety accident such as the free fall of the elevator car 100 occurs, the floor 111 on which the elevator user stands is deformed to the outside (lower side in the drawing) . To this end, the floor 111 is welded (W) to a frame 100 'fixed to the elevator car 100 so as to support its rim, as shown in FIG. At this time, the welding (W) can be welded by various methods such as the whole edge, a predetermined gap or a spot welding method such as spot welding.

In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the weld W can sufficiently withstand the maximum number of persons that can be accommodated in the internal space 110, but can be broken by a force generated when the elevator car 100 falls . For example, the force for breaking the welding W may be a force to stop the elevator car 100 due to the falling of the safety brake, a force of the shock absorber to forcibly stop the elevator car 100, Refers to the force received when a vehicle collides with the bottom of a hoistway, or the force that a vehicle receives in combination.

Also, in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the bottom 111 is formed to be smaller than the bottom area of the inner space 110. This is because when the weld W is broken, the bottom 111 is deformed. At this time, a slight deformable space is formed between the bottom 111 and the inner space 110, So that it can easily absorb the impact while causing deformation, thereby enhancing the shock absorbing effect.

As shown in FIG. 2, when the elevator user holds his / her foot on the floor 111, the inner space 110 sufficiently supports the inner space 110 as shown in FIG. 2, and a falling accident of the elevator car 100 The bottom 111 is deformed along with the fracture of the weld W, so that the shock absorption is performed at a position closest to the elevator user.

The absorption space 120 is formed in the elevating car 100 so as to be located below the bottom 111 as shown in Figs. 1 to 3.

Particularly, by forming the shock absorber 121 in the absorbing space 120, the bottom 111 is absorbed by the shock absorber 121 in a state in which the bottom 111 first absorbs shocks through fracture and deformation, So that shock absorption can be performed in a second order.

Here, the shock absorber 121 may be a shock absorber made of a conventional technique used in the technical field of the present invention. The shock absorber 121 may be formed to fill the entire interior of the absorption space 120 or may be spaced apart from the floor 111 by a predetermined distance as shown in FIG. It is also possible to provide a space that can be deformed.

3, the absorbing space 120 provides a space in which the bottom 111 deforms due to the first shock absorption so that the deformed bottom 111 can be deformed by the shock absorber 121 , Absorbing the impact in a secondary way through the buffering action, and acting so that the floor 111 is no longer falling down or the elevator user is not falling down.

As described above, according to the present invention, the elevator user absorbs the impact through the break and deformation of the floor standing on the floor, and then absorbs the shock through the shock absorber. Therefore, Can directly absorb the shock that can be transmitted to the elevator user through the floor on which the foot is placed, thereby enhancing the safety effect.

As shown in Fig. 4, the elevator in which the safety function according to the second embodiment of the present invention is enhanced has a structure similar to that of the first embodiment described above and a method of fixing the floor 111. Therefore, only the fixing method will be described here, and detailed description of the same constitution as in [Embodiment 1] will be omitted.

[Embodiment 2] As shown in Fig. 4, when the bottom 111 is fixed to the frame 100 'mounted on the elevator car 100, the bolt 112 is used to fix the bottom 111. Fig. At this time, the bolts 112 are fastened and fixed to the rim of the bottom 111 at predetermined intervals.

In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the bolts 112 are fastened and fixed to the frame 100 'with the rim of the bottom 111 at equal intervals. In particular, when the force to deform the bottom 111 is applied, It is preferable to configure it so that it can be broken.

The elevator with enhanced safety function according to [Embodiment 3] of the present invention is configured such that the wall body 122 constituting the absorption space 120 is corrugated in the same structure as the [Embodiment 1] There is a difference in the composition. Therefore, only the wall 122 will be described here, and detailed description of the same constitution as the [first embodiment] will be omitted.

[Embodiment 3] As shown in Fig. 5, the wall 122 constituting the absorption space 120 equipped with the shock absorber 121 is formed to be corrugated. This is because the absorbing space 120 collides with the floor of the hoistway or the shock absorber collides with the bottom of the absorption space 120 and an external impact is applied to the wall 122, It is for this reason.

Accordingly, the safety function can be enhanced by increasing the shock absorbing amount through the fracture and deformation of the floor 111, the shock absorption through the shock absorber 121, and the deformation of the wall 122 [Example 3].

The elevator in which the safety function according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention is enhanced further comprises the handle 130 in the same structure as the third embodiment described above as shown in Fig. Here, only the handle 130 will be described here, and detailed description of the same constitution as in [Embodiment 3] will be omitted.

[Embodiment 4] As shown in FIG. 6, at least one handle 130 is further provided in the internal space 110 on which the elevator user is boarded. In particular, since the handle 130 is stretched and a string capable of absorbing the shock is used, when the user lifts the handle 130, when the external shock is applied, the string is stretched and the shock absorption effect is further obtained It is possible.

100: Lift Car
100 ': frame
110: inner space
111: floor
112: Bolt
120: Absorption space
121: Shock absorber
122: wall
130: Handle

Claims (4)

  1. An elevator car 100 having an interior space 110 capable of accommodating an elevator user and an absorption space 120 having a shock absorber 121 formed inside the interior space of the interior space 110 below the floor 111, , ≪ / RTI &
    The bottom 111 is formed to have a size that does not deviate from the edge forming the bottom area of the inner space 110 and welds the edge thereof so that the bottom 111 is deformed into the absorption space 120, And then the second shock absorption is performed through the shock absorber 121,
    Wherein the absorbing space (120) is formed so that a portion of the wall (122) is corrugated to absorb shock.
  2. An elevator car 100 having an interior space 110 capable of accommodating an elevator user and an absorption space 120 having a shock absorber 121 formed inside the interior space of the interior space 110 below the floor 111, , ≪ / RTI &
    The bottom 111 is formed to have a size that does not deviate from the edge forming the bottom area of the inner space 110 and is fastened with a bolt 112 at a predetermined distance to the bottom 111, So that the secondary shock is absorbed through the shock absorber 121,
    Wherein the absorbing space (120) is formed so that a portion of the wall (122) is corrugated to absorb shock.
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  4. delete
KR1020150143228A 2015-10-14 2015-10-14 Safety-enhanced elevator KR101747682B1 (en)

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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020150143228A KR101747682B1 (en) 2015-10-14 2015-10-14 Safety-enhanced elevator

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KR101747682B1 true KR101747682B1 (en) 2017-06-15

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101976607B1 (en) * 2017-11-28 2019-05-09 공주대학교 산학협력단 Impact absorbing device for elevator with improved safety
KR101991282B1 (en) * 2018-10-25 2019-06-20 이동민 Elevator Service Support System and elevator manufacturing method
KR101990535B1 (en) * 2018-10-25 2019-06-18 박옥순 Remote elevator management system
KR101987907B1 (en) * 2018-10-25 2019-06-12 신지혜 Elevator monitoring system and elevator manufacturing method

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2012166872A (en) * 2011-02-10 2012-09-06 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Elevator car
CN102910515A (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-02-06 王洪扬 Safe elevator with buffers

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2012166872A (en) * 2011-02-10 2012-09-06 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Elevator car
CN102910515A (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-02-06 王洪扬 Safe elevator with buffers

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