KR101743991B1 - Safety apparatus of kitchen utensils - Google Patents

Safety apparatus of kitchen utensils Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101743991B1
KR101743991B1 KR1020150113012A KR20150113012A KR101743991B1 KR 101743991 B1 KR101743991 B1 KR 101743991B1 KR 1020150113012 A KR1020150113012 A KR 1020150113012A KR 20150113012 A KR20150113012 A KR 20150113012A KR 101743991 B1 KR101743991 B1 KR 101743991B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
gas
air quality
cooking
temperature
sensor
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020150113012A
Other languages
Korean (ko)
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KR20170019092A (en
Inventor
이승아
이지은
송문비
Original Assignee
송문비
이승아
이지은
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by 송문비, 이승아, 이지은 filed Critical 송문비
Priority to KR1020150113012A priority Critical patent/KR101743991B1/en
Publication of KR20170019092A publication Critical patent/KR20170019092A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of KR101743991B1 publication Critical patent/KR101743991B1/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C3/00Stoves or ranges for gaseous fuels
    • F24C3/12Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C3/00Stoves or ranges for gaseous fuels
    • F24C3/02Stoves or ranges for gaseous fuels with heat produced solely by flame
    • F24C3/027Ranges
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C3/00Stoves or ranges for gaseous fuels
    • F24C3/12Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • F24C3/126Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices on ranges
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • G08B21/12Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons responsive to undesired emission of substances, e.g. pollution alarms
    • G08B21/14Toxic gas alarms
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • G08B21/12Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons responsive to undesired emission of substances, e.g. pollution alarms
    • G08B21/16Combustible gas alarms
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • G08B21/18Status alarms
    • G08B21/182Level alarms, e.g. alarms responsive to variables exceeding a threshold
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B25/00Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems
    • G08B25/01Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems characterised by the transmission medium
    • G08B25/10Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems characterised by the transmission medium using wireless transmission systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B3/00Audible signalling systems; Audible personal calling systems
    • G08B3/10Audible signalling systems; Audible personal calling systems using electric transmission; using electromagnetic transmission
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B5/00Visible signalling systems, e.g. personal calling systems, remote indication of seats occupied
    • G08B5/22Visible signalling systems, e.g. personal calling systems, remote indication of seats occupied using electric transmission; using electromagnetic transmission

Abstract

The present invention relates to a technique for detecting a state in which a fire is turned off in a state where a gas burner is overheated or a gas is being sprayed to take safety measures.
The present invention includes a temperature sensor 12A, a smoke sensor 12B and an air quality sensor 12C to detect the temperature, smoke and air quality of the composite sensing unit 12 installed at the periphery of the fire wall 8, The control unit 13 drives the solenoid valve 14 based on the sensing signal to cause the gas supply pipe 2 to close and to generate a warning sound through the warning device 15 So that it can be displayed.

Description

[0001] SAFETY APPARATUS OF KITCHEN UTENSILS [0002]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention [0001] The present invention relates to a safety device for a kitchen appliance such as a gas range and an electric pressure cooker, and more particularly, The user is informed by a letter or voice to the user in the room, the living room, the bathroom, and the veranda that the fact that the cooking is being performed at regular intervals after the cooking is started is recognized and the output voice corresponding to the cooking progress of the electric pressure cooker is recognized And generating a catering character information, and then notifying the user of the catering character information to a user in a room, a living room, a bathroom, and a verandah.
Kitchen appliances For example, gas cookers are devices that cook food using gas such as LPG or LNG and are widely used for cooking in general homes or restaurants.
Since the gas range is a device for cooking by directly heating the bottom surface of the cooking vessel by flame, when the user leaves the cooking vessel for a long time during cooking, the cooking vessel is heated to cause a fire accident, or the food being cooked inside the cooking vessel boils over, The gas may leak continuously while the fire is turned off and gas explosion may occur.
In order to prevent such safety accidents, the research and development of the safety device of the gas range is being continuously carried out.
However, in the safety device for the gas range according to the related art, when the temperature of the outer surface of the bottom of the cooking container is detected by using a heat sensor and the temperature is detected to be higher than a predetermined threshold temperature, the gas supply is automatically cut off, Thereby preventing an accident from occurring.
Thus, in the conventional gas range safety device, when the temperature of the outer surface of the bottom of the cooking container is checked and the temperature of the outer surface of the bottom of the cooking container rises above the limit temperature, the gas supply is cut off. There is a fear of fire accident due to the rise of the surface temperature to a temperature exceeding the threshold temperature, and there is a fear of gas explosion due to leakage of gas in the state that the gas fire is turned off.
In addition, in the conventional gas range safety device, it is impossible to inform the living room, the bathroom, the veranda, or the outside user of the cooking information by using the gas range, so that the general user, the elderly, If you lose the fact that you are in the middle of cooking is burning food, fire or gas leakage accident occurs.
A problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a cooking device which is provided with a heat sensor, a smoke sensor and an air quality sensor around the bottom surface of a cooking cavity of a gas range and automatically detects when overheat is detected, smoke is detected, The gas supply is interrupted and the user can be notified of the fact immediately by a character or voice.
Another problem to be solved by the present invention is that when cooking is started using a gas range, the user informs the user of the fact in the living room, the room, the bathroom, the veranda, or the outside by text or voice.
Another problem to be solved by the present invention is to recognize the output speech according to the cooking progress of the electric pressure cooker to generate cooked character information and then notify the user of the fact in a room, a living room, a bathroom, have.
According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a safety device for a kitchen device, including a temperature sensor, a smoke sensor, and an air quality sensor, And a control unit for controlling the solenoid valve when the temperature of the periphery of the firebox is approaching a preset limit temperature, smoke exceeding a predetermined amount is detected, or when it is determined that the air quality is lower than a predetermined level, A control unit for outputting a control signal and a warning signal; A solenoid valve driven by the solenoid drive control signal to close the gas supply line; And an alarm device for generating a warning sound according to the warning signal and displaying a warning character.
In the present invention, a composite sensing unit having a heat sensor, a smoke sensor, and an air quality sensor is installed in the vicinity of the bottom surface of a cooking cavity of a gas range. Based on the sensed signals, an overheat is detected, smoke is detected, It is possible to detect the state where the gas is turned off in the state where the gas burner is overheated or the gas is being sprayed in any case by notifying the surrounding user of the fact that the gas supply is automatically cut off It is effective.
The present invention uses a gas range to periodically notify a living room, a bathroom, or an outside user of the fact that it is being cooked, so that even if the user does not pay much attention to the fact that cooking is in progress, the food being cooked is burned, It is possible to prevent the problem from occurring.
The present invention recognizes the output voice according to the cooking progress of the electric pressure cooker to generate cooked character information, and then notifies the user in a room, a living room, a bathroom, and a veranda by a character or voice, It is possible to accurately recognize the progress of catering without paying much attention.
1 is a perspective view of a safety device for a gas range according to an embodiment of the present invention.
2 is a cross-sectional view of a safety device for a gas range according to an embodiment of the present invention.
3 is a block diagram of a safety device for a kitchen appliance according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a safety device for a gas range according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 2 is a sectional view of a safety device for a gas range according to an embodiment of the present invention. A gas burner 6, a pedestal 7, a crater 8, a cooking vessel 9, a thermocouple 10 (a gas supply source), a gas supply unit 2, a gas supply and ignition unit 3, a gas igniter 4, A wire 11, a composite sensing portion 12, and a solenoid valve 14.
FIG. 3 is a block diagram of a safety device for a kitchen appliance according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 3, the gas burner 6 includes a temperature sensor 12A, a smoke sensor 12B, and an air quality sensor 12C. A control unit 13 for outputting a solenoid drive control signal based on a sensing signal supplied from the compound sensing unit 12 and outputting a warning signal, A solenoid valve 14 for opening and closing the gas supply pipe 2 in accordance with a solenoid drive control signal, and a warning device 15 for generating a warning sound according to the warning signal and displaying a warning character. Here, the composite sensing unit 12 may be fabricated in the form of a single module.
1 to 3, when the user puts the cooking container 9 containing the cooking contents in the upper part of the pedestal 7 and rotates the pedal 5 in one direction in a pressed state, the gas supply and ignition part 3) is opened and the gas ignition device 4 is operated.
Accordingly, the gas is supplied to the firebox 8 through the gas supply pipe 2, the gas supply and the gas burner 6 provided in the interior of the ignition part 3 in order and is injected, Ignition is carried out by the operation of the device (4).
In this case, if the user rotates the knob 5 for a predetermined time, the thermocouple 10 is heated to a predetermined temperature or higher by the ignition heat to generate the thermoelectric power. Therefore, even if the user places the knob 5, The gas supply path is kept open by the operation of the valve so that the gas is continuously sprayed to the crater 8, so that the ignition state can be maintained. Therefore, cooking is started because heat is applied to the bottom surface of the cooking vessel 9.
Thereafter, if the gas range is continuously turned on even after all the moisture of the cooking contents inside the cooking vessel 9 has been evaporated for some reason, the cooking vessel 9 is heated by the heat applied to the bottom surface of the cooking vessel 9 And gradually starts to overheat, whereby the temperature around the furnace 8 of the gas burner 6 gradually rises.
The composite sensing unit 12 is provided at the outer periphery of the crater 8 with a temperature sensor 12A, a smoke sensor 12B and an air quality sensor 12C. The shape of the composite sensing unit 12 is not particularly limited, and a circular loop is exemplified in the present embodiment. In this case, the temperature sensor 12A, the smoke sensor 12B, and the air quality sensor 12C are installed at a predetermined interval in the circular loop-shaped composite sensing unit 12.
At this time, the temperature sensor 12A senses the temperature around the crater 8 and outputs a temperature sensing signal corresponding thereto.
The control unit 13 analyzes the temperature sensing signal supplied from the temperature sensor 12A and outputs a drive control signal to the solenoid valve 14 when it is determined that the temperature around the crater 8 has reached a preset limit temperature. . Accordingly, the solenoid valve 14 is driven to close the gas supply pipe 2, whereby the gas supplied to the crater 8 is cut off and the gas fire is extinguished. At this time, the control unit 13 drives the buzzer 15A to output a warning sound, and displays an overheat warning character on the display unit 15B. Accordingly, the user can immediately recognize the current situation and take necessary actions.
Further, when the cooking contents in the cooking vessel 9 boil over and overflow, the gas fire in the firebox 8 can be extinguished by the overflowing water. In this state, the gas is continuously supplied to the crater 8 through the path.
At this time, the smoke sensor 12B senses the gas around the crater and outputs a smoke detection signal corresponding to the detected gas.
The control unit 13 analyzes the smoke detection signal supplied from the smoke sensor 12B and outputs a drive control signal to the solenoid valve 14 when it is determined that a certain amount of smoke has been generated around the fire wall 8 . Accordingly, the solenoid valve 14 is driven to close the gas supply pipe 2, whereby the gas supplied to the crater 8 is cut off and the gas fire is extinguished. At this time, the control unit 13 drives the buzzer 15A to output a warning sound, and a smoke generation warning character is displayed on the display unit 15B. Accordingly, the user can immediately recognize the current situation and take necessary actions.
At this time, the air quality sensor 12C senses the air quality around the fire wall 8 and outputs an air quality sensing signal corresponding thereto. There are various factors for determining the air quality. In this embodiment, CO, CO 2, and odor are designed as air quality determining elements. The air quality sensor 12C may include the CO sensor, the CO2 sensor, and the odor sensor, and may be implemented in a module form.
The control unit 13 analyzes the air quality detection signal supplied from the air quality sensor 12C and outputs a drive control signal to the solenoid valve 14 when it is determined that the air quality around the fire wall 8 is lower than a predetermined level. Accordingly, the solenoid valve 14 is driven to close the gas supply pipe 2, whereby the gas supplied to the crater 8 is cut off and the gas fire is extinguished. At this time, the control unit 13 drives the buzzer 15A to output a warning sound, and displays an air quality warning character on the display unit 15B. Accordingly, the user can immediately recognize the current situation and take necessary actions.
As a result, in the embodiment of the present invention, the composite sensing unit 12 provided at the outer periphery of the crater 8 is provided with the temperature sensor 12A, the smoke sensor 12B and the air quality sensor 12C, The control unit 13 drives the solenoid valve 14 as described above based on the sensing signal to close the gas supply pipe 2 and the warning device 15 ), And displays a warning condition. Accordingly, even when any one of the temperature sensor 12A, the smoke sensor 12B, and the air quality sensor 12C does not operate normally, the user can be informed of the dangerous situation through the remaining sensors.
In another embodiment of the present invention, a wireless transmitter 16 and a wireless notification device 17A to 17N are further provided to allow a user in a living room, a kitchen bathroom, or a veranda away from a kitchen in which a gas range is installed, The fact that it is in the middle is periodically informed by a letter or voice.
When a general user, an elderly person, a dementia patient, a visually handicapped person or a hearing impaired person starts cooking using the gas range and presses a cooking start button (not shown in the drawing), the control unit 13 counts the cooking elapsed time from that time, (For example, 1 minute) to the wireless transmission unit 16,
Accordingly, the radio transmitter 16 wirelessly transmits the alarm sound and cooking elapsed time information at predetermined intervals. The wireless communication scheme of the wireless transmission unit 16 is not particularly limited and may include RF wireless communication, Wi-Fi wireless communication, and Bluetooth wireless communication scheme.
The wireless warning devices 17A to 17N are manufactured as a single unit and fixedly installed in a living room, a room, a bathroom and a veranda, or can be carried by the user. The wireless warning devices 17A to 17N receive the alarm sound and the cooking elapsed time information transmitted from the wireless transmitter 16 and output a warning sound every time and display the cooking elapsed time.
Therefore, even if a general user, an elderly person, a demented person, a visually handicapped person, or a hearing impaired person does not pay attention to the fact that he / she is doing cooking or cooking while in the living room or in a room or a remote place such as a bathroom or a veranda, The fact that the cooking is in progress and the cooking lapse time are clearly recognized, and the gas fire of the gas range can be turned off when the cooking is normally performed.
Meanwhile, in another embodiment of the present invention, cooking information informing the user from the kitchen device by voice in the kitchen, for example, cooking information output by voice in the electric pressure cooker may be stored in a living room, a room or a remote place such as a bathroom or a veranda The user will be informed of the details thereof.
The control unit 13 inputs a voice output from a kitchen device (for example, an electric pressure cooker) provided in the vicinity of the gas range (for example, "cooking has started and cooking has been completed") through a microphone to amplify and remove noise Processing and the like, and then converts the character information into character information through a speech recognition process. The controller 13 outputs the preprocessed catering character information to the radio transmitter 16.
On the other hand, the radio transmission unit 16 wirelessly transmits the cooked character information received from the control unit 13.
Accordingly, the wireless warning devices 17A to 17N receive the cater character information transmitted from the radio transmitter 16 and output the cater character information to a display device (e.g., LCD), and convert the cater character information into a voice signal And outputs it to the speaker.
Thus, even if a user or a visually handicapped or hearing-impaired person is not using the kitchen appliance while working in a living room or in a room or a remote place such as a bathroom or a veranda, or is not using the kitchen appliance, The user can recognize the voice information and take the necessary action at that point in time.
On the other hand, in another embodiment of the present invention, when a dementia patient, a child, or the like cooks using a gas range, the controller 13 recognizes that the cooking start button is pressed, Display warning sound and cooking time information for dementia patients and children on the veranda. At this time, the radio transmitter 16 receives the text message "In-use of the gas range" from the controller 13 and transmits it to the mobile communication terminal (e.g., smart phone) 18 of the protector outside the mobile communication network can do.
Accordingly, the caregiver can recognize the fact that a dementia patient or a child is using the gas range from the outside, and can take necessary measures.
Although the preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail above, it should be understood that the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto. These embodiments are also within the scope of the present invention.
1: main body 2: gas supply pipe
3: gas supply and ignition part 4: gas ignition device
5: Handle 6: Gas burner
7: pedestal 8: crater
9: Cooking vessel 10: Thermocouple
11: wire 12: composite sensing unit
13: Control section 14: Solenoid valve
15: Warning device 16: Radio transmission part
17A to 17N: wireless notification device 18: mobile communication terminal

Claims (8)

  1. A safety device for a kitchen appliance having an electric pressure cooker for sensing a state in which a fire is turned off in a state where a gas burner is overheated or a gas is being blown in a gas range to take a safety measure,
    A composite sensing unit having a temperature sensor, a smoke sensor, and an air quality sensor disposed around a crater of the gas burner;
    And a control unit for controlling the solenoid valve when the temperature of the periphery of the firebox is approaching a preset limit temperature, smoke exceeding a predetermined amount is detected, or when it is determined that the air quality is lower than a predetermined level, A control unit for outputting a control signal and a warning signal, and for generating cooked character information by recognizing an output speech according to cooking progress of the electric pressure cooker;
    A solenoid valve driven by the solenoid drive control signal to close the gas supply line;
    An alarm device for generating a warning sound according to the warning signal and displaying a warning character;
    A wireless transmission unit for wirelessly transmitting alarm sound, cooking elapsed time information, and croissant character information output at predetermined intervals by the control unit; And
    A living room, a room, a bathroom, and a veranda, and displays a warning sound, and displays a cooking elapsed time, receives and displays the cooking character information, And a wireless notifying device for converting the voice signal and outputting the voice signal.
  2. The safety device for a kitchen appliance according to claim 1, wherein the composite sensing unit is formed of a circular loop-shaped module.
  3. The method of claim 1, wherein the temperature sensor
    And detects a temperature around the crane and outputs a temperature sensing signal according to the sensed temperature.
  4. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the smoke sensor
    And detects a gas around the crater and outputs a smoke detection signal according to the sensed gas.
  5. The air conditioning system according to claim 1, wherein the air quality sensor
    Wherein the air conditioner senses air quality around the crater and outputs an air quality sensing signal according to the detected air quality.
  6. 6. The air conditioning system according to claim 5, wherein the air quality determining element
    CO, CO2, and odor.
  7. delete
  8. 2. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the radio transmitter
    Receives the text message "In use of the gas range" from the control unit, and transmits the text message to the guardian's mobile communication terminal through the mobile communication network.
KR1020150113012A 2015-08-11 2015-08-11 Safety apparatus of kitchen utensils KR101743991B1 (en)

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KR1020150113012A KR101743991B1 (en) 2015-08-11 2015-08-11 Safety apparatus of kitchen utensils

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020150113012A KR101743991B1 (en) 2015-08-11 2015-08-11 Safety apparatus of kitchen utensils

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KR101743991B1 true KR101743991B1 (en) 2017-06-07

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110345519A (en) * 2019-08-23 2019-10-18 山东职业学院 A kind of natural gas range automatic cutting off device and its method

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR200289753Y1 (en) 2002-06-25 2002-09-16 (주)바이오텔 Safety control apparatus for kitchen cooking range
KR101459055B1 (en) * 2013-08-27 2014-11-12 장진우 Gas range equipped with carbon dioxide fire extinguisher and operation method thereof

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR200289753Y1 (en) 2002-06-25 2002-09-16 (주)바이오텔 Safety control apparatus for kitchen cooking range
KR101459055B1 (en) * 2013-08-27 2014-11-12 장진우 Gas range equipped with carbon dioxide fire extinguisher and operation method thereof

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