KR101736917B1 - Soil wall without mould - Google Patents

Soil wall without mould Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101736917B1
KR101736917B1 KR1020150126355A KR20150126355A KR101736917B1 KR 101736917 B1 KR101736917 B1 KR 101736917B1 KR 1020150126355 A KR1020150126355 A KR 1020150126355A KR 20150126355 A KR20150126355 A KR 20150126355A KR 101736917 B1 KR101736917 B1 KR 101736917B1
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
wire
wire mesh
frame
earthen
earth
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KR1020150126355A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20170029256A (en
Inventor
길인환
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(주)남영산업
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Priority to KR1020150126355A priority Critical patent/KR101736917B1/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ

Abstract

The present invention relates to an earthenware structure requiring no formwork.
According to the present invention, in an earthen frame structure 1 in which a form is not required,
A wire mesh frame (100) in which a plurality of wire meshes (120) having annular connecting hooks (110) formed at respective ends of a predetermined position are coupled to each other at a predetermined size to form a frame of a wall structure; When the vegetative mat or foot type mattress 200 coupled to the wire netting 100 and the connecting hooks 110 formed at the respective distal end portions of the wire netting 120 overlap each other and are positioned on the same axis line, A fixture 300 for inserting the plurality of wire meshes 120 in the same axial direction; And an earth paste (B) filled between spaces formed in the wire mesh framework (100) are combined with each other to form an earth wall.
In this case, the wire mesh frame 100 may further include a plurality of auxiliary wire meshes 130 to enhance the durability of the earthen walls. Depending on the size of the building, the mesh framework 100 may be formed by combining a beam 400 ). ≪ / RTI >
In addition, the rough water 200 is composed of one or more eco-friendly materials such as vegetation mat, reed, straw, bamboo, sorghum and cedar, the soil (B) (B) and lightweight aggregates such as pearlite, fly ash, bottom ash or various functional mineral powders or elvan.
The beam 400 is further provided with a wire mesh fitting part 410 on the upper surface thereof and the soil paste B is sprayed on the outer surface of the earth wall structure 1 which does not require a mold, do.
Accordingly, the present invention is easy to install with a simple configuration, and it is advantageous in that the overall economical cost can be reduced because the work of installing and dismounting the formwork is omitted, since the formwork is unnecessary.

Description

{Soil wall without mold}

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention [0001] The present invention relates to an eccentric wall structure that does not require formwork, and more particularly, to an eccentric wall structure that does not require a form, The present invention relates to an earthenware structure which does not require a mold to fill an earth wall with earth dough filled between spaces formed in a wire mesh framework by inserting and fixing a fixture.

Soil architecture means the construction method of building the main part of the wall of the building using soil.

Soil architecture is not only beneficial to the human body because it uses natural materials, but also has the advantage of having excellent temperature and humidity control ability due to the nature of the soil and having appropriate insulation effect according to the external temperature .

In addition, since the amount of carbon dioxide generated during the concrete manufacturing process can be reduced, it is eco-friendly, and it does not pollute the environment at the time of manufacturing or disposal, and does not require a separate manufacturing process.

Typical methods of construction using soil include compaction method and soil brick construction method.

The compaction method uses a wooden formwork to fill the formwork with soil and build up the wall by the tilting of the ball.

If the wall constructed by such compaction method can be densely compacted, it can exhibit considerable strength and durability.

However, when the compaction method is used, it is necessary to dispose the formwork for the entire wall and to remove the soil after the completion of the construction. Therefore, the construction period is increased due to the installation and disassembly of the formwork, and the labor cost and material cost are further increased have.

On the other hand, the method using the soil brick is a method of constructing the wall by stacking the soil bricks made in various ways, and in spite of various advantages by the soil bricks, it takes a separate step of producing the soil bricks, to be.

In recent years, there has been used a method in which a column is installed at a predetermined interval in a portion where a wall is to be formed, and a soil is filled in a wall frame formed by connecting a column and a column with a connecting member such as a wooden plate. It is also known to provide a net lattice net to construct the wall by applying soil to the net lattice net.

However, according to the construction for constructing such a conventional earth wall, there is an ineffective aspect such as construction period and cost since a separate form is installed and dismantled or soil bricks must be separately manufactured. The built- It is vulnerable to stress acting on the surface.

As a prior art relating to an earthen wall structure requiring no formwork, as shown in Fig. 10 (a), a method of constructing a dry soil material in Korean Patent Registration No. 10-1454276 is applied to a skeletal member made of a mesh, And the soil is dewatered by a mechanical extrusion device in the buttom-up manner by the mechanical extrusion device. Then, the drying step is performed to remove the drying mold and immediately dry the soil structure such as a house or a retaining wall So that it can be built.

However, the prior art "method for constructing the soil-like structure" also requires a form called a hypothetical form, so that it is accompanied with the work of dismantling and installing a hypothetical form, which can not save construction cost and construction time.

As another prior art, as shown in Fig. 10 (b), Korean Patent Registration No. 10-1374806 entitled "Non-shaped insulating adhered panel panel wall" is formed by a metal wire as a three dimensional lattice structure, The heat insulating board is formed as a three dimensional lattice structure by an inner wire panel and a metal wire integrally formed by being eccentrically inwardly inward, and a second heat insulating board is integrally formed eccentrically outwardly in the inside, and an outer side which is symmetrically joined to the inner side wire panel A wall filler disposed between the wire panel and the first heat insulating board and the second heat insulating board, an inner finishing material disposed on the first heat insulating board of the inner wire panel, and an outer covering material disposed on the second heat insulating board of the outer wire panel But rather the effect of the wall filler between the heat-insulating boards due to the heat-insulating board bonded to the inside Is blocked, there is a limit does not highlight the benefits as earthen.

Korean Registered Patent No. 10-1454276 (Oct. 17, 2014) Korean Registered Patent No. 10-1374806 (Apr. 31, 2014)

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention has been made to solve the above problems,

According to the present invention, it is an object of the present invention to provide an earthen wall structure which does not require a form in construction in order to construct an earthen wall.

Another object of the present invention is to provide an apparatus and a method for reducing the cost of operation and shortening the working time by using a vegetable mat or a foot-shaped water, which is made of an environmentally friendly material, And it is also intended to improve the adiabatic effect and the appearance of the exterior because the material of the water can be changed according to the needs of the user.

In order to achieve the above object, the present invention has been made to solve the above problems,

In an earthenware structure requiring no formwork,

A plurality of wire nettings each having an annular connecting ring portion at each end of a predetermined position are coupled to each other at a predetermined size corresponding to each position to form a framework of an earthen frame structure;

A vegetation mat or foot-shaped fence joined to the wire mesh frame;

A fixture for inserting a plurality of wire meshes in the same axial direction when the connection hooks formed at the respective distal end portions of the wire mesh are overlapped with each other and positioned on the same axial line; And

And an earth paste (B) filled between spaces formed in the wire net framework are combined with each other to form an earth wall.

In this case, the wire mesh frame may further include a plurality of auxiliary wire meshes to enhance the durability of the earthen wall, and the wire mesh frame may be combined with the beam coupled with the square frame according to the size of the building.

In addition, the marsh water is composed of one or more of eco-friendly materials such as vegetation mat, reed, rice straw, bamboo, sorghum and cedar, and the soil dough is composed of only yellow soil or soil dough and pearlite, Ash, bottom ash, or lightweight aggregate such as various functional mineral powders or elvan.

In addition, the upper surface of the beam further includes a wire mesh fitting portion, and the outer surface of the wall structure, which does not require a mold, is sprayed with a dough or finely finished.

It should be understood, however, that the terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing the present invention in its broadest possible terms, It should be construed as meaning and concept consistent with the technical idea of the present invention.

Therefore, the embodiments described in the present specification and the configurations shown in the drawings are only the most preferred embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the technical ideas of the present invention are described. Therefore, It is to be understood that equivalents and modifications are possible.

As described above, according to the present invention,

Since the earthen wall structure that does not require a form does not require a separate form in constructing the earthen wall, it is possible to omit the installation work and disassembly work of the formwork, thereby reducing the work time and work cost required for constructing the earthen wall, Thereby reducing costs.

In addition, the construction is simple and easy to install, and in the construction of the earthen wall due to the shape characteristics of the wire net among the constituent elements of the present invention, the bonding area required to perform the wire netting operation is reduced, thereby increasing the working efficiency.

In addition, by using vegetable mats made of eco-friendly materials or float-shaped water, it is possible to maximize the adiabatic effect and appearance of the water by changing the material of the water according to the needs of the user, and the poisonous gas harmful to the human body It is a very effective invention.

FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a state of an earthenware structure which does not require a form of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of an earthenware structure that does not require a formwork of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of an earthenware structure that does not require dies according to the present invention.
4 is a view showing an embodiment of combining the beam and the dirt structure without the form of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is an exploded perspective view of an embodiment of the present invention, in which the formwork-free dirt structure and the beam are combined.
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of a concrete structure of the present invention which does not require an earthen wall structure and a beam.
FIG. 7 is a view showing an embodiment of the connection between the dirt-free wall structure of the present invention and the wire mesh joining part which is a component of the beam.
FIG. 8 shows an embodiment of the present invention, which is a sectional view after finishing work of a dirt-free wall structure.
FIG. 9 shows an embodiment of a building completed using a dirt-free wall structure according to the present invention.
FIG. 10 is a representative view of a prior art for a dirt-free wall structure according to the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Hereinafter, the construction and operation of a concrete wall-free wall structure according to the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a state of a dirt-free wall structure according to the present invention, and FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of FIG.

In an earthen frame structure 1 in which a form is not required,

A wire net framework 100 in which a plurality of wire nettings 120 having ring-shaped connecting hooks 110 formed at respective ends of a predetermined position are coupled to each other at a predetermined size to form a framework of an earthen frame structure;

A vegetation mat or foot-shaped fence 200 coupled to the wire net framework 100;

A fastener 300 for fastening a plurality of wire meshes 120 inserted in the same axial direction when the connection hooks 110 formed at the respective ends of the wire mesh 120 are overlapped with each other and positioned on the same axial line, ; And an earth paste (B) filled between spaces formed in the wire net framework 100 are combined with each other to constitute an earth wall.

As shown in FIG. 4, the wire net framework 100 may be coupled to a beam 400 coupled with a square frame according to the size of the building. At this time, on the upper surface of the beam 400, And a wire mesh coupling part 410. [

The plurality of connection hooks 110 formed at the respective ends of the predetermined position of the wire net 120 coupled to the front and rear surfaces of the beam 400 are overlapped with each other to form the same axial line The wire mesh fitting part 410 fixed to the upper surface of the beam 400 penetrates through and fixes the fixture 300 together and fixes the beam 400 to the beam 400. [ And the fixing force of the wire net 120 can be further increased.

5 is an exploded perspective view of a combined embodiment of the wire net framework 100 and the beam 400. As shown in FIG.

2, the upper and lower portions of the wire net 120 are bent by a predetermined length along the positions (front and rear) as shown in FIG. 2, and the lower portions bent to have a predetermined length are welded, hoggling, And the wire net 120 forming the top, left, and right sides are positioned so that the connecting hooks 110 are overlapped with each other, The fixture 300 is inserted in the direction of the wire mesh frame 100 to form the wire mesh framework 100. [

At this time, in order to enhance the durability of the earth wall, a plurality of auxiliary wire meshes (130) are preferably equally spacedly coupled to form a partition wall in the wire mesh framework (100).

As shown in FIG. 2, the auxiliary wire net 130 is coupled to the wire net framework 100. In the embodiment of the present invention, two [auxiliary] wire nettings 130 are illustrated. However, The number of the barrier ribs can be increased.

Another reason that the upper and lower portions are bent by a predetermined length along the positions where the wire mesh 120 is positioned (front and rear) is that when the wire mesh 120 and the beam 400 are fixed, And the lower portion is increased in the coupling area with the beam 400 due to the bending, so that the fixing force can be further improved.

The characteristics of the wire net 120 are disclosed in Korean Patent Registration No. 10-1490404 entitled " Garbons for Wall Panels and Art Fences and Manufacturing Method ", which is a registered trademark right, The connecting hook 110 is applied only to the bent top and left and right ends of the wire net 120.

This is to improve the stability of the earth wall by securing the contact surface when the bottom wall of the earth wall is in contact with the ground and is vertically erected in constructing the earth wall.

The mugwort water 200 is composed of one or more eco-friendly materials such as vegetation mat, reed, rice straw, bamboo, sorghum and cedar, and is used as a mold substitute It plays a role in constructing an earthen wall.

As shown in FIGS. 3 and 6, the ground water 200 is fixed on the inner surface of the wire net 120 with respect to the wire net 120 so that the soil paste B filled in spaces between the wire net frameworks 100 And it can be configured as a wall in a shape without flowing out of the wire mesh frame (100).

In other words, the mugwort 200 made of an eco-friendly material is integrated with the dough B to form an earthen wall B without the need for a separate dismantling work, Because it is the material, it plays a role to highlight the advantages of the above-mentioned earthen wall.

In addition, the giant water 200 may be located outside the wire net 120 on the basis of the wire net 120. In this case, since the texture as the earthen wall can be expressed more, the giant water 200 can be manufactured correspondingly to the needs and choices of the user.

The amount of the water 200 to be used may vary depending on whether it constitutes an earth wall structure only with the wire net framework 100 or a structure of an earthen wall due to the combination of the wire net framework 100 and the beam 400.

For example, when the earth wall is constituted only by the wire net 120 as shown in FIG. 2, a total of 5 [pieces] are required in the front, back, left, right, A total of 2 [pieces] are required for the obturator walls formed by the combination of the wire net 120 and the beam 400, as shown in FIG.

The soil dough (B) consists of only yellow soil or a mixture of soil dough (B) and lightweight aggregates such as pearlite, fly ash, bottom ash or various functional mineral powders or elvan.

Depending on the characteristics of the building, it may be constituted only by adding yellow clay or quartz and various functional mineral powders depending on the place where the clay wall is installed. In order to improve the durability of the clay wall, the pearlite, fly ash, And the same lightweight aggregate may be mixed together.

In addition, the soil dough (B) may be mixed with auxiliary materials for enhancing the strength and lightness of the yellow soil and the finely chopped rice straw, salt and other yellow clay. In order to increase the viscosity of the soil dough (B) .

After the earth wall is constructed as described above, the earth dough is finally sprayed on the outer surface of the earth wall or finely finished to finish the appearance more beautifully.

That is, according to the present invention, each constituent element is organically coupled to each other to fill the soil paste B between the spaces formed in the wire net framework 100 to form an earth wall.

Accordingly, the dirt-free structure 1 of the present invention, which does not require dies, not only shortens the working time by not connecting the wire net 120 or the wire net 120 with the beam 400, but also works as a vegetable mat and foot- The use of the water 200 makes it unnecessary to install the conventional formwork and the workpiece disassembly work after the earthen wall is completed, which can save the work cost and the work time required for the installation / disassembly work of the formwork.

In addition, although not shown in the drawings, an embodiment of the wall structure 120 may be constructed by combining a wire harness 120 with a hot-wire apparatus to keep warm in winter.

These chemical substances, which consist of asbestos, styrofoam, rock wool, glass wool, etc. made of chemical materials such as inner, outer and insulation materials installed in general buildings, release environmental hormones and cause sick house syndrome.

In addition, they are self-ignited when a fire occurs, producing a toxic gas, which has a fatal effect on the human body, and most of them are not recyclable.

Accordingly, incineration or landfilling is carried out at the time of disposal. When they are incinerated, they are not decomposed promptly and harmful substances such as poisonous gases are generated at the time of incineration. Therefore, inside, exterior and insulation materials of buildings made of chemical materials, It causes great damage to the environment.

8 (a) and 8 (b) illustrate cross-sectional views of an earthen wall constructed as shown in Figs. 1 and 4, respectively, in the same manner as the exterior of a typical earthen building, as shown in Fig. 9 (The finishing work is performed so as not to show the wire netting frame 100), the earthen wall structure 1 which does not require the formwork of the present invention can be manufactured in various shapes according to the structure of the building, thereby completing a building advantageous to the human body and the environment .

It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and variations can be made in the present invention without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims. Therefore, the embodiments of the present invention are to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not in a limiting sense, as they may be embodied in many other forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics.

Concrete such as concrete, which is widely used today as construction material, destroys nature and consumes a lot of energy from the manufacturing process. In addition to increasing the amount of carbon dioxide emissions, the concrete waste generated during dismantling pollutes the soil. There is a problem to damage.

On the other hand, soil is a kind of eco - friendly material in that it does not cause pollution or destruction of a natural ecosystem because it is restored to its natural condition even if it is dismantled through the lifetime of the building.

Accordingly, the dirt-free wall structure of the present invention, which does not require a dice, can be applied to contribute to the promotion of various industrial fields such as manufacturing industry and construction industry.

1: Ellipse structure without mold
100: wire net framework 110:
120: Wire mesh 130: Secondary wire mesh
200: Big water 300: Fixture
400: beam 410: wire mesh coupling part
B: soilbath

Claims (7)

  1. In an earthen frame structure 1 in which a form is not required,
    A plurality of wire nettings 120 having ring-shaped connecting hooks 110 formed at respective ends of a predetermined position are coupled to each other at a predetermined size corresponding to the respective positions to form a frame of an earthen wall structure. In order to increase the durability of the earthen wall, A wire net framework 100 in which a wire net 130 is formed and upper and lower portions of the wire net 120 on the front and rear sides are bent to a predetermined length;
    The structure of the wire mesh frame 100 is such that the soil paste B which is coupled to the wire mesh frame 100 and filled in spaces between the mesh network frames 100 can be composed of walls in a shape without flowing out of the mesh network frame 100 It is mixed with one or more of eco-friendly materials of reed, straw, bamboo, sycamore, and cedar which do not require dies that require separate installation and dismantling work to construct the earthen walls A vegetated mat or footpiece 200 in the form of a foot;
    A fastener 300 for fastening a plurality of wire meshes 120 inserted in the same axial direction when the connection hooks 110 formed at the respective ends of the wire mesh 120 are overlapped with each other and positioned on the same axial line, ;
    The wire mesh fitting part 410 and the connecting hook part 110 of the wire mesh framework 100 are superimposed on each other on the same axis line, A beam 400 that is inserted into the connection hook 110 and the wire mesh connection part 410 through which the fixture 300 is inserted to raise the fixing force of the wire mesh framework 100; And
    A mixture of clay, sand, loess, and auxiliary materials for reinforcing the strength and lightness of the clay, salt, and loess, which are composed only of the clay soil filled between the spaces formed in the wire net framework 100, (B) composed of an ash, a functional mineral powder, or a lightweight aggregate of elvan, are combined with each other to form an earth wall, and thus the wire mesh frame 100, , The earth mud (B) is finally sprayed or finely finished on the outer surface of the earth wall formed by the joining of the fixture (300), the fixture (300), the beam (400) and the soil paste (B) This does not require an earthen structure.
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KR1020150126355A 2015-09-07 2015-09-07 Soil wall without mould KR101736917B1 (en)

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KR1020150126355A KR101736917B1 (en) 2015-09-07 2015-09-07 Soil wall without mould

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020150126355A KR101736917B1 (en) 2015-09-07 2015-09-07 Soil wall without mould

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KR101736917B1 true KR101736917B1 (en) 2017-05-18

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Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101490404B1 (en) * 2014-02-19 2015-02-05 (주)남영산업 Gabion for wall panel and art fence and Manufacturing method thereof

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101374806B1 (en) 2011-04-11 2014-03-17 박은태 Form-free both insulation wall
KR101454276B1 (en) 2012-01-17 2014-10-23 정문형 method for constructing soil structure

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101490404B1 (en) * 2014-02-19 2015-02-05 (주)남영산업 Gabion for wall panel and art fence and Manufacturing method thereof

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