KR101693218B1 - Ligature of wind instrument - Google Patents

Ligature of wind instrument Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101693218B1
KR101693218B1 KR1020150041631A KR20150041631A KR101693218B1 KR 101693218 B1 KR101693218 B1 KR 101693218B1 KR 1020150041631 A KR1020150041631 A KR 1020150041631A KR 20150041631 A KR20150041631 A KR 20150041631A KR 101693218 B1 KR101693218 B1 KR 101693218B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
auxiliary
guide
lead
sounder
mouthpiece
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020150041631A
Other languages
Korean (ko)
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KR20160115010A (en
Inventor
김현선
Original Assignee
김현선
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Publication date
Application filed by 김현선 filed Critical 김현선
Priority to KR1020150041631A priority Critical patent/KR101693218B1/en
Publication of KR20160115010A publication Critical patent/KR20160115010A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of KR101693218B1 publication Critical patent/KR101693218B1/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D7/00General design of wind musical instruments
    • G10D7/06Beating-reed wind instruments, e.g. single or double reed wind instruments
    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/02Mouthpieces; Reeds; Ligatures

Abstract

We propose a rigger for wind instrument that can appropriately respond to the size and shape of the mouthpiece and freely adjust the position of the auxiliary sounder with respect to the lead so that the characteristics of the auxiliary sounder can be exhibited properly. The anchoring portion includes a body portion to which the mouthpiece and the lead are inserted and a tightening portion that is connected to the body portion and fixes the auxiliary acoustic device to the lid. The tightening portion includes an auxiliary acoustic device for covering the lead to fix the lid, And a guide portion for providing a space for moving the guide block and the guide block moving according to the movement of the lever, and a guide portion for providing a space for moving the guide block do.

Description

Ligature of wind instrument}

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a ligature for a wind instrument, and more particularly to an auxiliary sounder for preventing irregular shaking of a reed of a sound chain used for producing a sound of a wind instrument such as a saxophone, a clarinet, It is about the reigach for wind musical instruments.

The reed is connected to a mouthpiece of a wind instrument such as a saxophone, and serves as a sound emitting body for vibrating the instrument. There are many types of these leads depending on their thicknesses and materials, and thus the tones that can be produced by the leads are also varied, and different kinds of leads are used depending on the music such as classical, jazz, and pop. On the other hand, the lead has insufficient resonance due to the change of the characteristics and shape of itself, so that it does not have a loud sound and does not give a beautiful feeling. In Korean Patent No. 10-1252434, an auxiliary sounder mounted on a lead has a part that resonates in response to the shape of the lead, and can reliably fix the lead to the correct position of the mouthpiece.

The auxiliary sounder amplifies the volume, enhances the straightness of the sound, makes it easy to hear, and produces a rich and beautiful sound. Rigakuer is to fix the auxiliary sounder to the mouthpiece with the lead. However, in the prior art, although there is a ligature that fixes the lead, there is no rival to fix the auxiliary sounder and the lead at the same time. Accordingly, the auxiliary sounder can not be properly fixed to the lead depending on the size and shape of the mouthpiece. The position of the auxiliary acoustics is very important where the auxiliary acoustics are fixed to the leads, in order for their characteristics to work properly.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the present invention to provide a ligature for a wind instrument capable of appropriately responding to the size and shape of a mouthpiece and freely adjusting the position of the auxiliary sounder with respect to the lead,

To solve the problem of the present invention, there is provided a ligature for a wind instrument comprising a body portion into which a mouthpiece and a lead are inserted, and a tightening portion connected to the body portion and fixing the auxiliary acoustic device to the lead. In this case, the tightening portion includes an auxiliary sounder for covering the lead and fixing the lead, a lever connected to the auxiliary sounder by a rotation shaft and for providing a rotational force to the rotation shaft to guide the auxiliary sounder to reciprocate, A guide block having a through hole to be inserted therein and moving according to the movement of the lever, and a guide portion for providing a space for moving the guide block.

In the ligature of the present invention, the body portion may include a buffer portion facing the tightening portion and having a concave shape to contact the mouthpiece. The body portion may include a ring portion positioned between the tightening portion and the buffer portion and having a protruding shape and causing a sound to be emitted.

In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the guide block may be formed with a through hole into which a fixing pin for preventing the auxiliary sound wave from being shaken is inserted. The rotating shaft may be connected to a coupling plate attached to the auxiliary sounder. The fixing pin may be connected to a coupling plate attached to the auxiliary acoustical device and inserted into a fixing hole formed in the guide portion. The guide block may move along a guide rail formed on the guide portion at a predetermined distance from a surface facing the auxiliary acoustical instrument.

According to the ligature for wind instrument of the present invention, the means for fixing the ligature on the mouthpiece can be mounted so that the auxiliary earpiece can be appropriately fixed to the lead in accordance with the size and shape of the mouthpiece. The auxiliary sounder is combined with the moving means to freely adjust the position of the auxiliary sounder relative to the lead, so that the characteristics of the auxiliary sounder can be exhibited properly.

1 is a perspective view showing a mouthpiece unit to which a first ligature according to the present invention is attached.
2 is a perspective view for explaining a ligature according to the present invention.
3 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line III-III in Fig.
4 is an exploded perspective view for explaining a tightening portion according to the present invention.

Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. The embodiments described below can be modified into various other forms, and the scope of the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described below. The embodiments of the present invention are provided to enable those skilled in the art to more fully understand the present invention.

An embodiment of the present invention proposes a ligature for a wind instrument which is equipped with a means for fixing the ligature on the mouthpiece so that the auxiliary ear can be appropriately fixed to the lead in accordance with the size and shape of the mouthpiece. In addition, a guiding part for moving the auxiliary sounder is provided, and a ligature for a wind instrument that freely adjusts the position of the auxiliary sounder for the lead is presented. To this end, a means for fixing the ligature on the mouthpiece will be described in detail, and a guide for freely adjusting the position of the auxiliary sounder with respect to the lid will be described in detail. The auxiliary sounder is described in detail in Korean Patent No. 10-1252434. The auxiliary acoustics applied to the present invention include all of the features described in the above patent.

Fig. 1 is a perspective view showing a mouthpiece unit to which a ligature 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention is attached. The mouthpiece portion according to the embodiment of the present invention is merely an example of one used in a wind instrument. The mouthpiece portion may have various sizes and shapes within the scope of the present invention.

1, the mouthpiece portion of the present invention includes a mouthpiece 10, a lid 20, and a ligature 100 for joining them. The mouthpiece (10) is a portion of the wind instrument that touches the lips of the player, and its shape and function are different according to the structure of the musical instrument. The mouthpiece 10 may have different maximum diameters and shapes, depending on the type of wind instrument, wind instruments, and the like. The lid 20, as is well known, is coupled to a mouthpiece of a wind instrument such as a saxophone and serves as a sound emitting body for producing the sound of a wind instrument. The lead 20 is composed of a rod-shaped stock, and a vamp that is integral with the stock and extends in the longitudinal direction and thinner toward the end. The vamp covers the mouthpiece of the mouthpiece (10).

The lid 20 has a wide variety of types depending on its thickness, material, and the like. The tones that the lid 20 can emit are very diverse, and different kinds of leads are used depending on the music such as classical, jazz, and pop. The lead 20 is mainly made of a wood material made of a giant reed. The lid 20 makes different sounds depending on the texture of the wood, the period of use, the cutting method, and the like. The wood-made lead 20 has the advantage that it can produce a rich and beautiful sound due to the texture of the wood. However, the wood-made lead 20 has many restrictions due to the external environment such as impact and humidity and is difficult to manage. In recent years, the lid 20 made of a synthetic resin material is also used although it is not rich in sound.

Hereinafter, the ligature 100 according to the embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail. FIG. 2 is a perspective view for explaining a ligature 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line III-III in FIG. The structure of the mouthpiece portion will be described with reference to Fig.

2 and 3, the ligature 100 is connected to the body part A and the body part A to which the mouthpiece 10 and the lid 20 are inserted and the auxiliary sounder 42 is connected to the lead 20). The body portion A conforms to the shape of the mouthpiece 10 and is preferably cylindrical except for the vicinity of the throat portion B. [ The portion of the body 30 opposed to the throat portion B includes at least two buffer portions 32 having a concave shape to be in contact with the mouthpiece 10 and functioning as a buffer. The cushioning portion 32 firmly fixes the mouthpiece 10 by the elastic force of the body 30. In some cases, the cushioning portion may be formed by inserting and fixing a separate shock-absorbing material into the body 30 and the dental mouthpiece 10 without concave.

On both sides of the body 30, a ring portion 31 may be formed which protrudes from the surface of the body 30 and makes a sound. The sounding portion 31 enables a rich and beautiful sound feeling to be realized. It is preferable that the resonating part 31 is located between the throttle part B and the buffer part 32 and a part of the body 30 protrudes. The sounding portions 31 are preferably located on opposite sides of each other, and the shape thereof can be appropriately adjusted in consideration of the shape of the body 30 and the degree of ringing. It is preferable that the sounding part 31 is deformed and protruded from the body 30 itself. The upper surface of the protruded portion may be a flat surface, and may have a slight curved surface.

The tightening portion B includes a guide portion 50 to which the body 30 is coupled, which will be described later in detail in FIG. The body 30 includes a binding portion 33 in which a portion where the guide portion 50 is located is opened and a body 30 in contact with the guide portion 50 is extended. The binding portion 33 is joined to the side surface of the guide portion 50 by welding or bonding. In other words, the body portion A is composed of the body 30, the ring portion 31, the buffer portion, and the binding portion 33. It is preferable that the guide portion 50 is contained in the binding portion 33. The body portion A may be made of any material that maintains rigidity, but a metal such as copper alloy such as bronze having a uniform negative vibration is more preferable. The surface of the body part A may be plated with gold or the like to prevent corrosion.

4 is an exploded perspective view for explaining the tightening portion B according to the embodiment of the present invention. The structure of the mouthpiece portion will be described with reference to Fig.

4, the tightening portion B includes a guide portion 50 into which the guide block 51 is inserted, an auxiliary sounder 42 covering the lid 20, and a lever 40 for moving the auxiliary sounder 42 . At this time, the lever (40) and the auxiliary sounder (42) are coupled by the rotation shaft (41). The guide block 51 is formed with a through hole 56 into which the rotation shaft 41 is inserted. Although not shown, a screw is formed on the inner side of the rotary shaft 41 and the through hole 56 so that the auxiliary sounder 42 can reciprocate by the rotation of the lever 40. Specifically, when the lever 40 is turned in one direction, the auxiliary sounder 42 moves in either the inward direction or the outward direction with respect to the body portion A. Here, the reciprocating movement of the auxiliary sounder 42 is realized by the rotation of the lever 40, but other methods within the scope of the present invention are also possible. The lever 40 and the rotary shaft 41 are preferably made of a metal having good rigidity and corrosion resistance, particularly stainless steel.

The auxiliary sounder 42 comprises the auxiliary sounder body 42a and the inclined portion 42b, and may further include a leg-like engaging portion 42c, as the case may be. The auxiliary acoustical instrument body 42a is evenly adhered to the surface of the stock of the lid 20 and can have the same rod shape as the width of the stock. The inclined portion 42b is integrally formed with the body 42a and extends in the longitudinal direction and is inclined to be positioned on the surface of the vamp. Preferably, the inclined portion 42b may be in close contact with the surface of the bump of the lead 20. Instead of the inclined portion 42b, the auxiliary sounder 42 may have a curved shape as a whole. The auxiliary sounder 42 can be reinforced in the form of a fork when exposed to the outside of the curved shape.

In order to prevent the irregular shaking of the lead 20, the auxiliary sounder 42 applied to the embodiment of the present invention may be suggested as follows. First, the auxiliary sounder 42 is adapted to conform to the shape of the lead 20, in the form of an auxiliary sounder 42 in contact with the lid 20, in order to come into close contact with the lid 20. [ In addition, on both sides of the auxiliary acoustical instrument body 42, a plurality of engaging portions 42c, which are leg-shaped and integrated with the auxiliary acoustical instrument body 42a, may be provided so as to fit into the stock of the lid 20. [ Of course, the engaging portion 42c may not be formed in consideration of the size, shape, and the like of the lead 20. The number and spacing of the engaging portions 42c can be set in advance according to the object of the present invention.

The auxiliary sounder 42 preferably has a vibration to the sound and uses a metal material having elasticity, and the surface may be plated for corrosion prevention and sound effect. A preferred auxiliary sounder 42 is made of silver or a copper alloy, and its surface is plated with gold, platinum and copper. The thickness of the auxiliary sounder 42 may vary depending on the size and shape of the lead 20 to which the present invention is applied and the acoustic effect thereof. It is sufficient that the thickness of the auxiliary sounder 42 is sufficient to prevent the irregular shaking of the lead 20 by firmly coupling the lead 20 and the coupling. The inclined portion of the auxiliary sounder 42 can partially cover the bump of the lead 20 to adjust the vibration of the lid 20 evenly.

On the other hand, the rotary shaft 41 is not directly coupled to the auxiliary sounder 42 but is coupled through the coupling plate 43. [ The coupling plate 43 is connected to the rotary shaft 41 and attached to the auxiliary sounder 42. The coupling plate 43 is preferably coupled to the auxiliary sounder body 42a. This is because the inclined portion 42b is brought into close contact with the surface of the bump of the lead 20 to fix the lead 20 so that the amplification of the volume is increased and the straightness of the sound is enhanced and the sound can be easily produced. . The coupling plate 43 is made of silver or a copper alloy, and its surface is plated with gold, platinum and copper.

The guide block 51 is inserted into the guide portion 50. In the guide portion 50, the surface facing the auxiliary sounder 42 constitutes a guide rail 52 separated by a predetermined distance. The guide rail 52 is a part of the guide part 50, and the guide block 51 can move smoothly due to the guide rail 52. The guide block 51 is formed with a through-hole 56 into which the rotation shaft 41 is inserted, and a rectangular parallelepiped shape is preferable for stable movement. A guide hole 53 is formed on the upper surface of the guide portion 50 so that the rotary shaft 41 can move. The rotary shaft (41) can reciprocate along the guide hole (53). The user can precisely align the position of the auxiliary sounder 42 with respect to the lid 20 by holding the lever 40 and moving along the guide hole 53. [

On the other hand, the coupling plate 43 may have a fixing pin 54 for preventing rotation of the auxiliary sounder 42. The fixing pin 54 passes through the through hole 57 of the guide block 51 and is inserted into the fixing hole 55 formed on one side of the guide hole 53 on the upper surface of the guide portion 50. Without the fixing pin 54, the auxiliary acoustics 42 can be moved laterally as the lever 40 is rotated or the auxiliary acoustics 42 are moved. When the auxiliary sounder 42 is shaken to the left and right, it is difficult for the user to accurately place the auxiliary sounder 42 on the lid 20. With the fixing pin 54, it is possible to prevent the auxiliary sounder 42 from swaying from side to side.

While the present invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to exemplary embodiments thereof, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the disclosed exemplary embodiments, but many variations and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. It is possible.

10; Mouthpiece 20; lead
30; A body 31; Sounding part
32; Buffering portion 33; The binding portion
40; Lever 41; Rotating shaft
42; Auxiliary sounder 43; Engaging plate
50; Guide portion 51; Guide block
52; Guide rails 53; Guide hole
54; A fixing pin 55; Fixed hole
56, 57; Through hole
A; Body portion B; Throat
100; Riga Chu

Claims (7)

  1. A body portion into which a mouthpiece and a lead are inserted; And
    And a tightening part connected to the body part and fixing the auxiliary sounder to the lead,
    The tightening portion
    An auxiliary acoustic device covering the lead to fix the lead;
    A lever connected to the auxiliary sounder by a rotary shaft and providing a rotational force to the rotary shaft to guide the auxiliary sounder to reciprocate;
    A guide block having a through hole into which the rotation shaft is inserted, the guide block moving according to the movement of the lever; And
    And a guide portion for providing a space for moving the guide block,
    Wherein the guide block includes means for preventing the auxiliary sounder from being shaken.
  2. [2] The wind instrument according to claim 1, wherein the body portion includes a buffer portion facing the tightening portion and having a concave shape to contact the mouthpiece.
  3. [3] The wind instrument according to claim 2, wherein the body portion includes a ring portion located between the throttle portion and the buffer portion and having a protruding shape and causing a tone to be emitted.
  4. [2] The wind instrument according to claim 1, wherein the means for preventing the auxiliary acoustic wave from shaking is a through hole into which the fixing pin and the fixing pin are inserted.
  5. [2] The wind instrument according to claim 1, wherein the rotary shaft is connected to a coupling plate attached to the auxiliary acoustical instrument.
  6. 5. The ligature for a wind instrument according to claim 4, wherein the fixing pin is connected to an engaging plate attached to the auxiliary acoustic device and inserted into a fixing hole formed in the guide portion.
  7. The musical instrument according to claim 1, wherein the guide block moves along a guide rail formed at a predetermined distance from a surface of the guide portion facing the auxiliary acoustic unit.
KR1020150041631A 2015-03-25 2015-03-25 Ligature of wind instrument KR101693218B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020150041631A KR101693218B1 (en) 2015-03-25 2015-03-25 Ligature of wind instrument

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020150041631A KR101693218B1 (en) 2015-03-25 2015-03-25 Ligature of wind instrument
PCT/KR2016/002723 WO2016153219A1 (en) 2015-03-25 2016-03-17 Wind instrument ligature

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KR20160115010A KR20160115010A (en) 2016-10-06
KR101693218B1 true KR101693218B1 (en) 2017-01-05

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KR1020150041631A KR101693218B1 (en) 2015-03-25 2015-03-25 Ligature of wind instrument

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KR (1) KR101693218B1 (en)
WO (1) WO2016153219A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU197231U1 (en) * 2020-02-03 2020-04-14 Андрей Владимирович Параничев Ligature for spiritual musical instruments

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101252434B1 (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-04-08 김현선 Reed for wind instrument fixing auxiliary sounder

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2292584A (en) * 1940-12-04 1942-08-11 Herman O Tafarella Ligature
US2600853A (en) * 1949-10-21 1952-06-17 Crescenzi George Slide cap
US4210055A (en) * 1978-10-03 1980-07-01 Platamone Vito Jr Adjustable ligature for musical instrument
JP5438200B1 (en) * 2012-12-01 2014-03-12 福也 外崎 Lead fixing device

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101252434B1 (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-04-08 김현선 Reed for wind instrument fixing auxiliary sounder

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KR20160115010A (en) 2016-10-06
WO2016153219A1 (en) 2016-09-29

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