KR101626494B1 - Car sharing service system and method - Google Patents

Car sharing service system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101626494B1
KR101626494B1 KR1020150097216A KR20150097216A KR101626494B1 KR 101626494 B1 KR101626494 B1 KR 101626494B1 KR 1020150097216 A KR1020150097216 A KR 1020150097216A KR 20150097216 A KR20150097216 A KR 20150097216A KR 101626494 B1 KR101626494 B1 KR 101626494B1
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
information
vehicle
car sharing
user
reservation
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KR1020150097216A
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Korean (ko)
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정성일
우혁준
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(주)디지파츠
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Priority to KR1020150097216A priority Critical patent/KR101626494B1/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q50/00Systems or methods specially adapted for specific business sectors, e.g. utilities or tourism
    • G06Q50/30Transportation; Communications
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/02Reservations, e.g. for tickets, services or events
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/08Payment architectures
    • G06Q20/14Payment architectures specially adapted for billing systems
    • G06Q20/145Payments according to the detected use or quantity
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/30Payment architectures, schemes or protocols characterised by the use of specific devices or networks
    • G06Q20/34Payment architectures, schemes or protocols characterised by the use of specific devices or networks using cards, e.g. integrated circuit [IC] cards or magnetic cards
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q30/00Commerce, e.g. shopping or e-commerce
    • G06Q30/06Buying, selling or leasing transactions
    • G06Q30/0645Rental, i.e. leasing

Abstract

The present invention relates to a members-only car sharing service system and a method thereof capable of recognizing a user and opening of a vehicle door with a car sharing integrated terminal in a vehicle, and an RF card; and sharing the vehicle on an hourly basis by accepting and returning the vehicle without human assistance. Provided are the members-only car sharing service system and the method. The members-only car sharing service system comprises: a plurality of car sharing integrated terminals and a car sharing control server. The car sharing integrated terminals are installed in each of car sharing service vehicles; provides a guide to vehicle driving information through a navigation device in vehicle driving; provide monitoring information of battery voltage of the vehicle and an unallowable vehicle by using wireless communications with the car sharing control server, and state information according to vehicle driving, position information, and use history information; and integrally control/diagnose/monitor the vehicle. The car sharing control server provides useable vehicle information and position information by receiving vehicle inquiry and reservation information online; registers the reservation information of the reserved vehicle in a database; wirelessly transmits the reservation information to the car sharing integrated terminal installed in the corresponding vehicle; and automatically calculates a service use fare by receiving the use history information of the vehicle after the vehicle is returned. The present invention is provided to reserve the sharing vehicle online; and recognize the user and open the vehicle door by using the car sharing integrated terminal in the vehicle and the RF card, thereby sharing the vehicle on an hourly basis by accepting and returning the vehicle regardless of person.

Description

Car sharing service system and method
The present invention relates to a car sharing service system and method. More specifically, the present invention relates to a car sharing service system and method. More particularly, the present invention relates to a car sharing service system and method. Unmanned car sharing in a large number in the city Car sharing of cars parked in a lending facility Recognition of the user in the integrated terminal of the vehicle and delivery of the vehicle through procedures such as door opening and closing of the vehicle, And a system and method for a member-based car sharing service that allows a user to charge a service fee after a return of a vehicle at a later time by collective billing or automatic payment.
In general, car sharing is a method of sharing one or more vehicles by multiple people. It is used only when necessary to reduce the cost of purchasing, operating, and maintaining a relatively expensive vehicle. will be.
Such a car sharing system is operated in such a manner that a car is reserved on a necessary date through a reservation system provided by a service provider, and a car sharing service is provided only to registered users who are operated as members.
Therefore, in order to operate such a car sharing system smoothly, a system should be constructed to appropriately distribute and support the vehicle so that each user can freely and conveniently return the vehicle to a desired place at the time required by the user.
To accomplish this, the existing car sharing management system is designed to arrange car parking lots in various places in each region and to pick up or return the vehicles from each garage. In each of these garages, management staff for car sharing management resides, Members who are in need are guiding or returning vehicles there in the presence of management personnel.
However, in the existing car sharing system, the management personnel must reside in each lending place located at each base station. Therefore, the cost of human management is inevitably increased. The increase of the human maintenance cost is, in the end, So that it is accompanied by an increase in the car sharing usage fee as a whole.
KR 10-2012-0134359 A December 12, 2012 release KR 10-2013-0111787 A 2013.10.11 public KR 10-2015-0063198 A 2015.06.09 Released
Accordingly, the present invention has been made in order to solve the above problems, and it is an object of the present invention to establish a usage contract between a user and a car sharing service provider through membership registration and to set a user online, The car sharing information input by the user is registered, and the car sharing information is registered and managed. In the car sharing integrated car terminal parked in the unmanned car sharing lending center distributed in the city, user recognition using the membership card issued or registered in advance, To provide a system and method for a member-based car sharing service which enables a vehicle to be used at a time zero after a vehicle is delivered and opened through a door opening / closing procedure, .
In order to achieve the above object, an embodiment of the present invention provides a car sharing service, which is installed in a plurality of vehicles to be used in a car sharing service, guides navigation through a real-time operating system at the time of vehicle driving, It is possible to provide the car sharing control server with monitoring information of the battery voltage and unattended removal of the vehicle, wireless communication with the control server, status information, position information and use history information according to the vehicle running, A car sharing service which integrates control, diagnoses and controls the car sharing service. The car sharing service can be accessed via the Internet or mobile. Display and present car information and its location information in database The reservation information of the reserved car is registered in the database, the reservation information is wirelessly transmitted to the car sharing integrated terminal installed in the reserved car, and the car sharing integrated terminal transmits the reservation information to the car sharing integrated terminal And a car sharing control server that receives the use history information of the vehicle, sets the service use fee as the use history information and the initial reservation information, and then charges or immediately processes the same by using the RF card of the user member. Service system.
According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a car sharing service through a communication network between a car sharing integrated terminal in each car accessible via the Internet or a mobile and a car sharing management server operated by the car sharing service provider, (A) the personal information necessary for the registration condition of the car sharing service user member is received from the user terminal and registered in the user member database according to the membership request of the user accessed through the Internet or mobile through the car sharing management server In step (b), the car sharing control server receives the car inquiry and reservation information according to the car sharing service use request of the user member accessed through the Internet or mobile, inquires and presents the available car information and the location information thereof , The corresponding car reserved for reservation by the user member (C) storing the reservation information received from the car sharing control server into the car sharing control server in the car; (c) storing the reservation information of the car sharing control server in the reservation database, If the information of the nearby RF card is scanned and read within a predetermined distance and the stored information matches with the stored reservation information, the door lock of the vehicle is released by recognizing the start of the use of the car sharing service, and key withdrawing and engine starting A third step of monitoring and recording status information and driving information according to vehicle driving while displaying information for reservation status and vehicle usage guidance by interlocking the navigation and driving history self-diagnosis device, (d) The integrated terminal stores the key in the key storage in the vehicle and reserves the request to return the reservation by the user member And (e) when the car sharing control server receives the use history information of the vehicle transmitted from the car sharing integrated terminal and transmits the use history information of the car to the car sharing control server, And a fifth step of calculating the service usage fee with the use history information of the vehicle and the initial reservation information, and then collectively charging or immediately processing the payment using the RF card of the user member, Car sharing service method.
According to the present invention, a contract is established between a car sharing service provider and a user through an initial member registration, and a user member reserves a time of use, a vehicle type, a nearby pick-up and a return location, When a vehicle parked in an unmanned car sharing lending facility at a pick-up place is approached and a RF card of a member issued or registered in advance is approached, a car sharing integrated terminal automatically scans and reads the RF card to automatically recognize the user, It is possible to use the sharing service efficiently and unattended and convenient, since the vehicle can be shared with the time zero vehicle after the vehicle is delivered and taken over through procedures such as door lock release and door opening. In addition, Or automatic settlement, and the total personnel management cost The benefit of lowering the usage fee of the car sharing service can be obtained.
1 is a schematic block diagram illustrating the overall configuration of a membership-based car sharing service system according to the present invention.
2A to 2C are operational flowcharts of the CAS sharing control server of FIG. 1 illustrating a membership car sharing service process according to the present invention.
3A and 3B are operational flowcharts of the CAS sharing service terminal of FIG. 1 to illustrate a membership car sharing service process according to the present invention.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Hereinafter, the overall configuration and operation of a membership-based car sharing service system and method according to the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
It is to be understood that the words or words used in the present specification and claims are not to be construed in a conventional or dictionary sense and that the inventor can properly define the concept of a term in order to describe its invention in the best possible way And should be construed in light of the meanings and concepts consistent with the technical idea of the present invention. Therefore, it should be understood that the embodiments described herein and the configurations shown in the drawings are only the most preferred embodiments of the present invention, and that various equivalents and modifications may be made thereto at the time of the present application shall.
FIG. 1 is a schematic block diagram illustrating an overall configuration of a member-based car sharing service system according to the present invention. As illustrated in the drawings, the present invention includes a car sharing service system installed in each car for car sharing, A car sharing integrated terminal 100 implemented in a wireless communication manner with the server 300, and a car sharing control server 300 operated by a car sharing service provider.
The car sharing integrated terminal 100 is mounted on a plurality of vehicles to be used for a car sharing service and includes a GPS receiver 110, a driving record self-diagnosis device (OBD-II) 120, an RF reader A car navigation system 130, a 3G / LTE modem 140, and a navigation system 150 to measure the current position of the vehicle, monitor and record the driving record, scan and read information of the RF card 131 for door opening / closing, Diagnoses and controls the wireless communication with the car sharing control server 300 and the mobile terminal 160 operated by the service provider and the display of the map information according to the vehicle location.
The car sharing integrated terminal 100 receives and stores reservation information from the car sharing control server 300 and compares the received reservation information with the information of the RF card 131 scanned and read by the RF reader 130 Recognizing the reservation user and releasing the door lock, confirming whether the key is withdrawn from the key storage box in the vehicle after the door lock is released and whether the engine is started, and displays various information for the reservation status and the vehicle use guide through the navigation 150, The vehicle status information and driving information are monitored and recorded through the self-diagnosis device 120, and when the return of the vehicle is confirmed, the usage history information of the vehicle is transmitted to the car sharing control server 300. [ Here, the RF card 131 readable by the RF reader 130 of the car sharing integrated terminal 100 is a member card issued to the user member at the car sharing control server at the time of member registration, or a member card registered at the car sharing control server at the time of member registration And may be any one selected from registered credit cards.
At this time, the car sharing integrated terminal 100 can guide the vehicle driving information by interlocking the navigation 150 with a real time operating system (RTOS) at the time of driving the vehicle. At this time, the vehicle driving information guided through the navigation 150 is the current speed, RPM , Mileage, rapid acceleration and deceleration, running time, DTC diagnostic code, and the like.
In addition, the car-sharing integrated terminal 100 is connected to the car sharing control server 300 via the 3G / LTE modem 140 to monitor the battery voltage and unauthorized removal of the vehicle, state information of the vehicle driving, And status information provided at this time may be vehicle status information through the OBD-II 120, such as gear, battery voltage, taillight, starting status, and the like. have.
In addition, the car sharing integrated terminal 100 may integrally control the trip computer, the DIS jog shuttle interlocking, and the vehicle.
The car sharing control server 300 receives vehicle inquiry and reservation information in response to a user's request to use a car sharing service through a car sharing user portal site accessible via the Internet or mobile, And registers the reservation information of the reservation-confirmed vehicle in the database. At the same time, the car sharing integrated terminal 100 installed in the reservation-confirmed vehicle confirms the reservation information Receives the use history information of the vehicle transmitted from the car sharing integrated terminal 100, and charges the service usage fee with the use history information and the initial reservation information, Settlement process.
To this end, the car sharing control server 300 may include a member registration and management unit 310 and a reservation management unit 320, and may further include a cost settlement unit 330.
The member registration and management unit 310 receives the personal information required for the registration condition of the car sharing service user according to the membership request of the user accessed through the Internet or mobile, performs the member registration procedure, Issues the card, registers the membership card information together with the member information in the user member database 410, and performs member authentication using the user login information via the Internet or mobile. At this time, the member registration and management unit 310 of the car sharing control server 300 may be a user terminal on the Internet or a mobile network (for example, a computer terminal connected via the Internet or a mobile terminal connected via a wireless network, The personal information received as a registration condition of a member of a car sharing service user from the user terminal may include personal information, driver's license scan file information, credit card information, and signature information.
The reservation management unit 320 receives the car inquiry and reservation information according to the car sharing service use request of the member authenticated user member, inquires and presents available car information and its location information, and confirms whether or not the car is reserved by the user member And registers the reservation information of the corresponding vehicle that is confirmed by the user's membership in the reservation database 420 and wirelessly transmits the reservation information to the car sharing integrated terminal 100 in the vehicle. At this time, the vehicle inquiry and reservation information received by the reservation management unit 320 of the car sharing control server 300 for application of the car sharing service from the mobile terminal 160 may include the use time, the vehicle type, the pick-up and return location .
The cost settlement unit 330 transmits the car sharing service to the RF card of the already registered user member using the vehicle usage history information and the initial reservation information transmitted from the car sharing integrated terminal 100 according to the return processing request by the reservation user member Settle the fee for use.
Each of the car sharing integrated terminal 100 and the car sharing control server 300 includes an SMS (Short Message Service) server 210, an OTA (over the air) platform 220, an LBS a location based service server 230 and an interworking server 240. [
In addition, the car sharing control server 300 may be constructed as a web application server (WAS). In order to manage the car sharing service in a unified manner, the car sharing control server 300 may include employee information, car sharing car information, car sharing integrated terminal information, OBD-II, and GPS data periodically reported in the car sharing integrated terminal 100 of each vehicle are registered and managed in the car sharing terminal 100, Based on the information required by the manager, the information is processed and provided separately for management items such as reservation status, operation status, analysis status, maintenance status, membership, operation, and sales. The schedule status management item supports the schedule status list, details view, modification, and so on. In the operation status management item, real time operation status, past operation status, operation information, operation inquiry (startup) In addition, the analysis item supports the operations such as comprehensive analysis of operation, comprehensive analysis of operation by vehicle, analysis of utilization rate by vehicle, analysis of travel distance analysis, settlement analysis by time zone, FAQ, Car Wash Certification, Review, 1: 1 inquiries, points, etc., are supported in the management section, while the management of the member, corporation member and corporation is supported in the member management section. Management, and bulletin board management, and the sales management item can support sales history management operation.
Also, the car sharing control server 300 includes a user member database 410 for registering and storing member information such as personal information, driver's license scan file information, credit card information, signature information, etc., It is possible to construct and manage the reservation database 420 for registering and storing the usage time, the vehicle type, the pick-up, and the return location. In addition, the car sharing control server 300 may be connected to an enterprise car sharing system or a general car sharing system through an Internet network. A credit card company server, a value added network (VAN) as a value added network, Next, it is preferable to be implemented so as to be able to be connected to a map application (MAP API) such as Naver and Google map.
FIGs. 2A and 2C are operational flowcharts of the CAS sharing control server of FIG. 1 illustrating a membership CA sharing service procedure according to the present invention, and FIGS. 3A and 3B illustrate a membership CA sharing service procedure according to the present invention. 1, the car sharing service method of the present invention can be largely made up of steps (a) through (e) of a car sharing service, The server 300 illustrates a car sharing service flow performed in cooperation with a user terminal on the Internet or a mobile network, and a car sharing integrated terminal 100 in each vehicle.
In the first step (a), the car sharing control server 300 receives the personal information necessary for the registration condition of the car sharing service user member according to the user's registration request and registers the personal information in the user member database 410 (S301- S307), as shown in FIG. 2A, (a1) it is confirmed whether or not there is a membership registration request of a user accessed through the Internet or mobile through the kaSelling control server 300, and a service screen for guiding membership registration is presented In step S301 and step S302, in accordance with the request for membership of the user, the personal information necessary for the registration condition of the car sharing service user is inputted from the user terminal and the membership registration procedure is performed to obtain the usage agreement between the car sharing service provider and the user member (S303-S305), (a2) issuing a membership card according to the usage contract setting, sending the member card to the address of the user, (S306, S307) of registering in the user's member database 410 together. In the first step (a), the personal information received by the car sharing control server 300 as a registration condition of the car sharing service user member from the user terminal includes personal information, driver's license scan file information, credit card information, Information.
In the second step (b), the car sharing control server 300 receives the car inquiry and reservation information according to the car sharing service use request of the member authenticated user, inquires and presents available car information and its location information, (S311-S318) of registering the confirmed reservation information of the corresponding vehicle in the reservation database 420 and wirelessly transmitting the reservation information to the car sharing integrated terminal 100 mounted in the vehicle, as illustrated in FIG. 2B, (b1) a step (S311-S313) of confirming whether or not a user is a member by inputting log-in information from a user terminal connected to the car sharing control server 300 via the Internet or mobile and performing member authentication (b2) As a result of the determination in step (b1), the car sharing service screen is presented to the user member in response to the car sharing service use request of the registered user member, and the car inquiry and reservation information is inputted (S314-S316) of inquiring and presenting available vehicle information and its position information; and (b3) confirming whether or not the vehicle is selected and reserved by the user member, and storing the reservation information of the corresponding vehicle confirmed by the user member (S317, S318) of registering in the reservation database 420 and wirelessly transmitting to the car sharing integrated terminal 100 in the vehicle. The vehicle inquiry and reservation information received by the car sharing control server 300 from the mobile terminal 160 for the application of the car sharing service in the second step may include the use time, the vehicle type, the pick-up, and the return location.
In the third step (c), the car sharing integrated terminal 100 in the reserved car receives and stores the reservation information transmitted from the car sharing control server 300, recognizes the user by reading the RF card, releases the door lock, (S101-S109) of monitoring and recording the reservation status, the vehicle use guide, and the vehicle status information and the running information by confirming the key withdrawal in the key storage box and the engine start, (S101, S102) of receiving and storing reservation information from the car sharing control server (300) in the car-integrated terminal (100) in the corresponding car reserved and confirmed by the user member, (c2) (S103-S105), and (c3) a comparison result of the step (c2) of reading out the card information and comparing the read RF card with the stored reservation information through the RF reader 130, Matches saved booking information (S106) of recognizing the start of the use of the car sharing service by the reserved user member when the card information is read (S106); and (c4) when the door lock of the vehicle is released, A step S107-S107 of monitoring and recording status information and driving information according to the vehicle operation through the driving record self-diagnosis device while confirming the key withdrawal and engine starting and interlocking the navigation and displaying the information for the reservation status and the vehicle use guide, S109). In the third step (c), the RF card readable by the RF reader 130 of the car sharing integrated terminal 100 is a member card issued from the car sharing control server to the user member at the time of member registration, May be any of the credit cards registered by the user member.
In the fourth step (d), the car sharing integrated terminal 100 in the vehicle confirms whether the key is stored in the in-vehicle key storage box and the return member is processed by the reserved user member, and the usage history information of the vehicle is transmitted to the car sharing control server 300 (D1) confirming whether or not the key is stored in the in-vehicle key storage box and a return processing request by the reserved user member (S111, S112), as shown in FIG. 3B, (D2) if it is determined in step (d1) that there is no return processing request by the reserved user member in a state that the key is stored in the key storage box, (S113-S116), and (d3) (d1) that the door lock is closed and the corresponding vehicle is secured when the reservation information is matched, A request for return processing by (S117-S120) that the door lock is closed and the vehicle usage history information is transmitted to the car sharing control server 300 by checking whether the scan and read information of the RF card matches the reservation information by recognizing that the car sharing service is terminated .
The fifth step (e) is a step (S351-S354) in which the car sharing control server 300 receives the car use history information transmitted from the car sharing integrated terminal 100 and automatically carries out the car sharing service use charge , The car sharing control server 300 receives the car use history information transmitted from the car sharing integrated terminal 100 and stores it in the reservation database 420 together with the user's membership information (S351, S352), a step S353 of calculating the service use fee as the use history information of the received vehicle and the initial reservation information, and the settlement processing (for example, (Step S354), which is a processing method, that is, a later batch billing or an immediate settlement processing).
Detailed operation of the membership-based car sharing service system and method according to the present invention configured as above will be described as follows.
First, in the first step (a) of the membership-based car sharing service according to the present invention, as shown in FIG. 2A, the car sharing control server 300 transmits a membership request of a user connected via the Internet or a mobile network (S301). If there is a request for joining the membership (Y branch in S301), a screen for guiding membership to the car sharing service system is presented to the user's terminal (i.e., the computer terminal or the mobile terminal) S302), and inputs personal information necessary for the registration condition of the car sharing service user member, such as personal information, driver's license scan file information, credit card information, personal signature information, and the like (S303) (S304) to set up a usage contract between the car sharing service provider and the user member (S305), issue a membership card according to the usage contract setting, Sending (S306) and registers (S306, S307) the user membership database 410 with the membership card information and membership information.
Next, in the second step (b), as shown in FIG. 2B, the car sharing control server 300 confirms whether there is a service use request of a user connected via the Internet or mobile (S311) (Y branch in S311), the member authentication is performed using the login information input from the user terminal (S312), and whether the user is a member is confirmed (S313). When the authentication of the user's membership is confirmed, the car sharing service screen is presented to the terminal of the corresponding user member (S314), and the vehicle inquiry and reservation information, that is, the use time, vehicle type, When the car inquiry and reservation information is input, the car sharing control server 300 inquires of available car information and its location information in the car sharing service system (S316). After that, the car sharing control server 300 confirms whether or not the vehicle is selected and reserved by the user member (S317). When the reservation confirmation is made by the user member (Y branch in S317), the reservation information of the vehicle is stored in the reservation database 420 And wirelessly transmits to the car sharing integrated terminal 100 in the reserved car (S318).
Then, in the third step (c), the car sharing integrated terminal 100 in the reservation vehicle confirmed to be reserved by the user member receives the reservation information from the car sharing control server 300 as illustrated in FIG. 3A (S101, S102). Thereafter, the car sharing integrated terminal 100 in the reserved car is connected to the RF card reader (130) connected thereto via the RF card (that is, a membership card issued to the user member from the car sharing control server at the time of member registration, or a car sharing control server (S103), and scans the nearby RF card within a predetermined distance and reads out the card information (S104), and transmits it to the car sharing control server 300 And whether or not it matches the stored reservation information (S105). When the card information matching the received and stored reservation information is read as a result of the comparison (Y branch of S105), the car sharing integrated terminal 100 in the reserved car recognizes the start of use of the car sharing service by the reserved user member (S106). In addition, in a state in which the door lock of the vehicle is released, it is checked whether the key is taken out from the key storage box and the engine is started (S107), and the navigation is interlocked (S108, S109) the status information and the running information according to the vehicle running through the running record self-diagnosis device while displaying the information.
Next, in the fourth step (d), as shown in FIG. 3B, the car sharing integrated terminal 100 in the reserved car determines whether or not the key is stored in the in-vehicle key storage box and whether or not the reservation user (S111, S112). If the vehicle key is not stored in the key storage box (N branch in S111), it is recognized that the vehicle is running continuously, and the reservation status and vehicle use guide information are displayed and the vehicle is operated (S108, S109), and when there is no return processing request by the reserved user member in the state where the vehicle key is stored in the key storage box (N branch of S112) , The door lock is closed (S113-S115) by checking whether the scan and read information of the RF card are in agreement with the reservation information, recognizing that parking is temporarily being performed while the vehicle is in use, and securing the corresponding vehicle at the non- . On the other hand, when there is a return processing request by the reserved user member in the state that the key is stored in the key storage box (Y branch of S112), the door lock is closed (S117- S119), recognizes that the use of the car sharing service is terminated, transmits the car use history information to the car sharing control server 300 (S120), terminates the car sharing service operation in the car sharing integrated terminal 100 in the reserved car do.
Lastly, in the fifth step (e), the car sharing control server 300 receives the car use history information transmitted from the car sharing integrated terminal 100 in the reserved car, as illustrated in FIG. 2C (S351) The car sharing control server 300 stores the usage history information of the car received from the car sharing integrated terminal 100 in the reservation car and the initial reservation information 420 in the reservation database 420 in step S352, (S353), and then charges the user using any one of a processing method previously set by the user through the RF card of the user member, that is, a later batch billing or an immediate settlement processing method (S354 And ends the car sharing service operation in the car sharing control server 300.
According to the present invention as described above, a member-zero usage contract is set up between a car sharing service provider and a user, and a user member reserves online time, vehicle type, near pickup and return destination every time a car is needed, Unauthorized car sharing In the car parked at the lending facility, the integrated car terminal automatically identifies the user using the RF card of the member issued or registered in advance, and carries the vehicle unattended through the procedures such as door lock release and door opening Allowing them to take over and share their vehicles with them on time, providing the benefits of efficient and unattended sharing services.
In addition, according to the present invention, after the car is returned to the unmanned car sharing lending place of the reserved return place unattended, the car sharing control server automatically calculates the usage charge, and the user can make a subsequent collective billing or automatic payment according to a method preset by the user This will provide the advantage of lowering the fee for car sharing services by reducing the overall human management cost due to the operation of the unmanned lending facility.
While the present invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to exemplary embodiments thereof, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the disclosed exemplary embodiments, but, on the contrary, Modification is possible. Accordingly, it is intended that the scope of the invention be defined by the claims appended hereto, and that all equivalent or equivalent variations thereof fall within the scope of the present invention.
100: car sharing integrated terminal 110: GPS receiver
120: Driving record self-diagnosis device (OBD-II) 130: RF reader
131: RF card 140: 3G / LTE modem
150: navigation 160: mobile terminal
210: SMS server 220: OTA platform
230: LBS server 240: Interworking server
300: car sharing control server 310: member registration and management unit
320: reservation management unit 330: cost settlement unit
410: user membership database 420: reservation database

Claims (15)

  1. And is connected to a plurality of vehicles to be used in a car sharing service, guides navigation information to a real-time operating system (RTOS) at the time of vehicle driving, guides vehicle driving information, and carries out wireless communication with a car sharing control server 300 via 3G / LTE And a plurality of car sharing integration systems that provide the car sharing control server 300 with integrated control, diagnosis, and control of the vehicle, and monitoring information on the battery voltage and unattended removal of the vehicle, A terminal 100;
    In response to a request for use of a car sharing service by a user member accessed through the Internet or mobile, the car inquiry and reservation information is inputted, and the available car information and its location information are inquired and presented. The reservation information of the reservation confirmed vehicle is registered in the database and the reservation information is wirelessly transmitted to the integrated car sharing integrated terminal 100 installed in the reservation confirmed vehicle and the use of the vehicle transmitted from the car sharing integrated terminal 100 And a car sharing control server (300) for receiving the history information, calculating the service use fee as the use history information and the initial reservation information, and promptly collectively billing or immediately processing the payment using the RF card of the user member,
    The car sharing integrated terminal (100)
    A GPS receiver 110, an OBD-II 120, an RF reader 130, a 3G / LTE modem 140, and a navigation device 150 to perform vehicle position measurement, Diagnosis, and door opening / closing operations. - An RF card for opening and closing a door - a member card issued to a user member by a car sharing control server at the time of member registration, or a credit card registered by a user member at a car sharing control server at the time of member registration, Diagnoses / controls the wireless communication with the car sharing control server 300 and the mobile terminal 160 operated by the car sharing service provider and the display of the map information according to the vehicle location,
    Receives the reservation information from the car sharing control server 300 and stores the reservation information, compares the reservation information with the card information read by the RF reader 130 to recognize the reservation user, releases the vehicle door lock, The vehicle status information and the driving information are monitored and recorded through the driving history recording self-diagnosis device while displaying various information for the reservation status and the vehicle driving guidance through the navigation by checking the key withdrawal in the key storage box and the engine start, And when the return is confirmed, the use history information of the vehicle is transmitted to the car sharing control server 300,
    The car sharing control server (300)
    Personal information including personal information, personal information, driver's license scan file information, credit card information, and personal signature information required for the registration condition of the car sharing service user in accordance with the membership request of the user accessed through the Internet or mobile, And issues a membership card to each user who has completed membership, registers the corresponding member card information together with the member information in the user member database 410, and manages the user log in through the Internet or mobile A member registration and management unit 310 for performing member authentication with information;
    The information on the vehicle inquiry, the reservation information, the time of use, the type of the vehicle, the pick-up, and the return location in response to the request for use of the car sharing service of the member authenticated user member, A reservation management unit (not shown) for checking whether or not a vehicle is reserved by a user member, registering reservation information of the corresponding vehicle confirmed by the user member in the reservation database 420, and wirelessly transmitting the reservation information to the car sharing integrated terminal 100 320); And
    The car sharing service fee is settled to the RF card of the already registered user member by using the car use history information and the initial reservation information transmitted from the car sharing integrated terminal 100 according to the return processing request by the reservation user member (330) which is connected to the subscriber terminal.
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