KR101611713B1 - Endoscope with a crushing function - Google Patents

Endoscope with a crushing function Download PDF

Info

Publication number
KR101611713B1
KR101611713B1 KR1020140102131A KR20140102131A KR101611713B1 KR 101611713 B1 KR101611713 B1 KR 101611713B1 KR 1020140102131 A KR1020140102131 A KR 1020140102131A KR 20140102131 A KR20140102131 A KR 20140102131A KR 101611713 B1 KR101611713 B1 KR 101611713B1
Authority
KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
tube
insertion tube
inside
suction
insertion
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020140102131A
Other languages
Korean (ko)
Other versions
KR20160018086A (en
Inventor
이동석
엄대운
Original Assignee
울산대학교 산학협력단
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 울산대학교 산학협력단 filed Critical 울산대학교 산학협력단
Priority to KR1020140102131A priority Critical patent/KR101611713B1/en
Publication of KR20160018086A publication Critical patent/KR20160018086A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of KR101611713B1 publication Critical patent/KR101611713B1/en

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/04Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor combined with photographic or television appliances
    • A61B1/05Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor combined with photographic or television appliances characterised by the image sensor, e.g. camera, being in the distal end portion
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/012Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor characterised by internal passages or accessories therefor
    • A61B1/015Control of fluid supply or evacuation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/06Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor with illuminating arrangements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/22Implements for squeezing-off ulcers or the like on the inside of inner organs of the body; Implements for scraping-out cavities of body organs, e.g. bones; Calculus removers; Calculus smashing apparatus; Apparatus for removing obstructions in blood vessels, not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/32Surgical cutting instruments

Abstract

The present invention relates to an endoscope having a pulverizing function for pulverizing a hardened hematoma or a food which is not sufficiently digested by rotating a blade provided in an endoscope tube if necessary. The endoscope comprises a crushing part provided at the front end, An inserting tube inserted into an object to be inspected, the inserting tube including an illuminating part provided adjacent to the photographing part; An operation device having one or more of a crushing operation button, a first supply button, and a suction operation button, which is fastened to one end of the insertion tube, and has a material supply pipe portion having one end connected to the inside of the insertion pipe, ; And a storage chamber which is fastened to the operating device and comprises a collection container for collecting foreign substances sucked and discharged through the suction pipe and a storage container for storing the substance supplied into the test object through the substance supply pipe. Accordingly, it is possible to easily discharge foreign materials and foods inside the subject.

Description

[0001] ENDOSCOPE WITH A CRUSHING FUNCTION [0002]

The present invention relates to an endoscope having a pulverizing function, and more particularly to an endoscope having a pulverizing function for pulverizing a hardened hematoma or a food not sufficiently digested by rotating a blade provided in an endoscope tube, if necessary.

2. Description of the Related Art Generally, an endoscope includes an insertion portion to be inserted into a human or other subject (hereinafter, referred to as a subject) and an operation portion to manipulate the insertion portion. An end portion of the insertion portion is provided with an image sensor for obtaining an image of the inside of the subject and an illuminating means for taking an image of the image sensor. A suction portion and the like.

However, most endoscopes are very small in diameter because they must be inserted into the subject, and the diameter of the suction portion is also very small. As a result, there is a problem that only water can be discharged to the outside through the suction part.

In addition, if a biopsy should be performed using these endoscopes, only a small biopsy can be performed. In order to remove a large tissue, a stacked forcep Bx or the like, which collects the tissue several times, should be used. There is a problem that it is very limited.

Korean Patent Publication No. 10-2014-0065069 Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 1994-014867 U.S. Published Patent Application No. 2014-0012076

In order to solve the problems of the prior art as described above, it is an object of the present invention to provide an endoscope having a pulverizing function for pulverizing cured hematomas or foods not sufficiently digested by rotating a blade provided in an endoscope tube, .

According to an embodiment of the present invention, an endoscope having a grinding function includes a grinding unit installed at a front end, a photographing unit provided at a rear end of the grinding unit, and an illumination unit provided adjacent to the photographing unit, tube; An operation device having one or more of a crushing operation button, a first supply button, and a suction operation button, which is fastened to one end of the insertion tube, and has a material supply pipe portion having one end connected to the inside of the insertion pipe, ; And a storage chamber which is fastened to the operating device and is composed of a collection container for collecting the foreign substances sucked and discharged through the suction pipe and a storage container for storing the substance supplied into the test subject through the substance supply pipe portion have.

According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided an endoscope having a pulverizing function, the endoscope comprising: a photographing unit installed at a front end; and an illumination unit installed adjacent to the photographing unit, the insertion tube being inserted into the subject; A grinding device which is detachably attached to the front end of the insertion tube; An operation device having one or more of a crushing operation button, a first supply button, and a suction operation button, which is fastened to one end of the insertion tube, and has a material supply pipe portion having one end connected to the inside of the insertion pipe and a foreign matter suction pipe; And a storage chamber which is fastened to the operating device so as to be detachable and includes a collection container for collecting foreign substances sucked and discharged through the suction pipe and a storage container for storing a substance to be supplied into the subject through the material supply pipe, .

As an embodiment related to the present invention, a guide tube having an insertion tube inside may be further provided.

As an embodiment related to the present invention, the guide tube may be made of a flexible material, and may include an outer tube having an oval convex shape and an inner tube surrounding the outer circumference of the insertion tube.

As an embodiment related to the present invention, the actuating device may further include a second supply button for supplying the shape-retaining material so that the guide tube has a certain shape.

As an embodiment related to the present invention, a thread is formed on the outside of the front end of the insertion tube, and a screw thread is formed on the inside of the pulverizing device so that the pulverizing device can be screwed to the insertion tube.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the grinding apparatus includes a case, a coupling portion formed on a lower surface of the case and coupled to the insertion tube, a blade operating portion provided inside the case, And a blade portion that is rotated by the operation of the operating portion.

The present invention has the effect of facilitating the discharge of foreign matter and food inside the subject by pulverizing a hardened hematoma or a food not sufficiently digested by rotating the blade provided in the endoscope tube, if necessary.

Further, the present invention is applicable to a laparoscopic apparatus, and has an effect of facilitating the removal of retracted debris in the abdominal cavity of the subject (human body).

1 is a view for explaining an endoscope having a grinding function according to the present invention.
2 is a cross-sectional view of the operating device applied to Fig.
Fig. 3 is a view showing the rotating state of the blades of the crushing unit employed in Fig. 1. Fig.
FIG. 4 is a view for explaining a guide tube in which the insertion tube applied to FIG. 1 is provided inside. FIG.
5 is a block diagram for explaining a configuration of a medical device to which an endoscope having a grinding function according to the present invention is applied.
6 is a view for explaining another embodiment of an endoscope having a grinding function according to the present invention.

It is noted that the technical terms used in the present invention are used only to describe specific embodiments and are not intended to limit the present invention. In addition, the technical terms used in the present invention should be construed in a sense generally understood by a person having ordinary skill in the art to which the present invention belongs, unless otherwise defined in the present invention, Should not be construed to mean, or be interpreted in an excessively reduced sense. In addition, when a technical term used in the present invention is an erroneous technical term that does not accurately express the concept of the present invention, it should be understood that technical terms can be understood by those skilled in the art. In addition, the general terms used in the present invention should be interpreted according to a predefined or prior context, and should not be construed as being excessively reduced.

Furthermore, the singular expressions used in the present invention include plural expressions unless the context clearly dictates otherwise. In the present invention, terms such as "comprising" or "comprising" and the like should not be construed as encompassing various elements or stages of the invention, Or may further include additional components or steps.

Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals refer to like or similar elements throughout the several views, and redundant description thereof will be omitted.

In the following description, well-known functions or constructions are not described in detail since they would obscure the invention in unnecessary detail.

It is to be noted that the accompanying drawings are only for the purpose of facilitating understanding of the present invention, and should not be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.

( Example  One)

1 is a view for explaining a configuration of an endoscope having a grinding function according to the present invention. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the operating device applied to Fig. Fig. 3 is a view showing the rotating state of the blades of the crushing unit employed in Fig. 1. Fig. FIG. 4 is a view for explaining a guide tube in which the insertion tube applied to FIG. 1 is provided inside. FIG. 5 is a block diagram for explaining a configuration of a medical device to which an endoscope having a grinding function according to the present invention is applied.

As shown in FIG. 4, the endoscope having a pulverizing function includes an insertion tube 100, an operating device 200, a storage chamber 300, a guide (not shown) And a tube 400.

The insertion tube 100 includes a crushing unit 110 installed at a front end thereof, a photographing unit 120 installed at a rear end of the crushing unit 110, and an illumination unit 130 installed adjacent to the photographing unit 120.

The operation device 200 is connected to one end of the insertion tube 100 and includes a grinding operation button 210, a first supply button 220, a suction operation button 230, A foreign matter suction pipe 240 whose one end is connected to the inside of the insertion pipe 100 and a material supply pipe 250 are provided.

The storage chamber 300 is connected to the operation device 200 and includes a collection container 310 for collecting foreign substances sucked and discharged through the foreign substance suction pipe 280, A pump 330 connected to the collection container 310 for delivering vacuum force to the foreign substance suction pipe 240 and a storage chamber 320 for storing the substance supplied to the substance supply pipe 250, And a valve 340 for supplying the substance stored in the container 320.

The guide tube 400 is made of a flexible material as shown in FIG. 4 and includes an outer tube 410 having an oval convex shape, an inner tube 420 surrounding the outer circumference of the insertion tube 100, And a cutout 430 formed at one side of the suction port 420 and coupled with the suction tip.

The guide tube 400 is disposed so as to surround the outer surface of the insertion tube 100 and may be filled with liquids in the outer tube 410 and the inner tube 420 of the guide tube 400, The diameter of the guide tube 400 is adjusted by adjusting the amount of the injection tube 100 to be inserted.

That is, the diameter of the guide tube 400 is larger than the diameter of the outer tube 410 and the inner tube 420 when the liquid is partially filled in the outer tube 410 and the inner tube 420, It becomes bigger when filled.

With reference to Fig. 5, the endoscope having the crushing function described with reference to Figs. 1 to 4 will be described briefly with reference to Fig. A crushing unit 110 composed of a blade for crushing hardened blood or non-digested food, a photographing unit 120 for photographing the inside of the subject, and a photographing unit 120 for illuminating the interior of the subject The grinding operation part 140 for grinding hardened blood or non-digested food in the area where the insertion tube 100 is located by rotating the blades of the grinding part 110 is installed inside the insertion tube 100 Respectively.

(Crushing and Suction mode )

An operation device 200 having a grinding operation button 210, a first supply button 220, a second supply button 260 and a suction operation button 230 is connected to the insertion tube 100. When the inspector inserts the insertion tube 100 into the subject and operates the imaging unit 120 through the medical diagnosis apparatus 600, the imaging unit 120 continuously captures the imaged image signal to the medical diagnostic apparatus 600, and the medical diagnostic apparatus 600 outputs the input video signal on the screen.

When the inspectors detect the presence of hardened blood vessels or undigested food on the inside of the subject through the video signal output through the medical diagnostic apparatus 600, the operator presses the crushing operation button 210, The medical diagnostic apparatus 210 outputs a crushing operation request signal to the medical diagnosis apparatus 600 and the medical diagnosis apparatus 600 outputs a crushing operation signal to the crushing operation unit 140. [ At this time, the crushing operation portion 140 is rotated as a motor in response to the crushing operation signal, and the blade of the crushing portion 110 rotates as shown in FIG. 3 as the crushing operation portion 140 rotates. The blooded or undigested food hardened by the rotating blades is pulverized. The grinding process is continued while the operator presses the grinding operation button 210. Here, the blades are made of diamond to maximize the grinding function. At this time, instead of the medical diagnostic apparatus 600, a separate controller may be provided in the operating apparatus 200. [

If the suction operation button 230 is pressed by the inspector, the suction operation button 230 transmits a suction operation request signal to the medical diagnosis apparatus 600, A vacuum is formed in the foreign matter suction pipe (240 in FIG. 1) by operating the pump 340 provided in the storage chamber 300, and the vacuum force is applied to the inner tube (420 in FIG. 4) And ultimately the vacuum force is transferred into the tube of the suction tip. When the crushed foreign matter comes into contact with the front end of the suction tip, the foreign matter is sucked by the force in the suction tip pipe and collected into the foreign matter collecting container 310 through the foreign matter suction pipe 240.

( Cleaning mode )

If the first supply button 220 is depressed by the inspector during diagnosis or during the suction, the first supply button 220 sends a wash water supply request signal to the medical diagnostic apparatus 600, And the medical diagnosis apparatus 600 opens the valve 340 to supply the clean saline stored in the storage container 320 to the inside of the test subject through the material supply pipe (250 in FIG. The washing water thus supplied is discharged from the inside of the subject through the suction process.

(Guide tube shape Deformation mode )

On the other hand, when the second supply button 260 is pressed by the inspector, the second supply button 260 outputs the shape change request signal of the guide tube 400 to the medical diagnosis apparatus 600. The medical diagnostic apparatus 600 supplies a liquid material such as water to the outer tube 410 and the inner tube 420 of the guide tube 400 not shown in the figure so that the guide tube 400 The inner tube 420 is pulled out while the outer tube 410 forms an oblique convex shape so that the inner diameter of the guide tube 400 in which the insertion tube 100 is disposed is maximized. Since the bubble pool cushion is generated by the liquid supplied to the guide tube 400, the insertion tube 100 is not damaged even when it touches the inner wall of the test subject body (for example, a stomach wall or the like) during the examination. At this time, the guide tube 400 is made of a flexible material so that the outer tube 410 forms an embossed shape and flexibly and flexibly as the insertion tube 100 moves.

( Example  2)

5 is a view for explaining another embodiment of an endoscope having a grinding function according to the present invention.

As shown in FIG. 5, unlike the first embodiment, the endoscope having a pulverizing function is implemented so that the pulverizing apparatus 500 can be detached from the insertion tube 100.

The grinding apparatus 500 according to the second embodiment includes a case 510, a coupling part 520 formed on the lower end surface of the case 510 to be coupled to the insertion tube 100, And a blade portion 540 rotatably coupled to the blade operating portion 530 and rotated by the operation of the blade operating portion 530. The blade operating portion 530 includes an operating portion 530 and a blade operating portion 530.

The endoscope according to the second embodiment uses an endoscope equipped only with the insertion tube 100 when there is no foreign substance or inspects a small part of the inside of the subject, Or when the operation is performed, the insertion tube 100 is connected to the grinding apparatus 100 to enter the insertion tube 100 into the subject, and a hardened blood vessel Or non-digestible food, or foreign substances generated during operation are made small so that the size thereof is made small. Then, the foreign materials that have been crushed from the inside of the subject are discharged to the outside through the suction function to clean the inside of the subject.

This allows more accurate diagnosis during surgery or surgery, or surgery.

It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and variations can be made in the present invention without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. Therefore, the embodiments disclosed in the present invention are intended to illustrate rather than limit the scope of the present invention, and the scope of the technical idea of the present invention is not limited by these embodiments. The scope of protection of the present invention should be construed according to the following claims, and all technical ideas within the scope of equivalents thereof should be construed as falling within the scope of the present invention.

100: insertion tube
110: crushing section 120: photographing section
130:
200: Operation device
210: crushing operation button 220: first supply button
230: Suction operation button 260: Second supply button
240: foreign substance suction pipe 250: substance supply pipe
300: Storage chamber
310: collection container 320: storage container
330: Pump 340: Valve
400: guide tube
410: outer tube 420: inner tube
500: Grinding device
510: Case 520:
530: blade operating part 540: blade

Claims (7)

  1. An insertion tube inserted into an object to be examined, the insertion tube being composed of a crushing part provided at a front end, a photographing part provided at a rear end of the crushing part, and an illumination part provided adjacent to the photographing part;
    A first supply button, and a suction operation button, which is fastened to one end of the insertion tube, and has a material supply tube portion having one end connected to the inside of the insertion tube and an operation Device; And
    A storage chamber which is fastened to the operating device and comprises a collection container for collecting foreign substances sucked and discharged through the suction pipe and a storage container for storing a substance to be supplied into the test subject through the substance supply pipe; Lt; / RTI >
    The operating device is configured to perform a function of any one of a grinding / suction mode, a washing mode, and a guide tube shape deformation mode by receiving at least one of the grinding operation button, the first supply button, Further comprising:
    Further comprising a guide tube having the insertion tube inside,
    Wherein the guide tube is made of a flexible material and comprises an outer tube having an oval convex shape and an inner tube surrounding an outer periphery of the insertion tube,
    Wherein the actuating device further comprises a second supply button for supplying the shape-retaining material so that the guide tube has a predetermined shape.
  2. An inserting tube inserted into the subject to be inspected, the inserting tube including a photographing part provided at a front end and an illumination part provided adjacent to the photographing part;
    A grinding device which is detachably attached to the front end of the insertion tube;
    A first supply button, and a suction operation button, which is fastened to one end of the insertion tube, and has a material supply tube portion having one end connected to the inside of the insertion tube and an operation Device; And
    A collection container detachably attached to the operating device and configured to collect foreign substances sucked and discharged through the suction pipe and a storage container for storing a substance supplied into the subject through the material supply pipe; chamber; Lt; / RTI >
    The operating device is configured to perform a function of any one of a grinding / suction mode, a washing mode, and a guide tube shape deformation mode by receiving at least one of the grinding operation button, the first supply button, Further comprising:
    Further comprising a guide tube having the insertion tube inside,
    Wherein the guide tube is made of a flexible material and comprises an outer tube having an oval convex shape and an inner tube surrounding an outer periphery of the insertion tube,
    Wherein the actuating device further comprises a second supply button for supplying the shape-retaining material so that the guide tube has a predetermined shape.
  3. delete
  4. delete
  5. delete
  6. 3. The method of claim 2,
    Wherein a thread is formed on an outer side of the front end of the insertion tube and a thread is formed on the inside of the grinder to engage with the thread so that the grinder is screwed to the insertion tube.
  7. 3. The method of claim 2,
    The grinding apparatus includes a case, a fastening portion formed on the lower surface of the case and coupled to the insertion tube, a blade operating portion provided inside the case, and an operation portion that is rotatably coupled to the blade operating portion, And a blade portion that is rotated by the blade portion.


KR1020140102131A 2014-08-08 2014-08-08 Endoscope with a crushing function KR101611713B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020140102131A KR101611713B1 (en) 2014-08-08 2014-08-08 Endoscope with a crushing function

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020140102131A KR101611713B1 (en) 2014-08-08 2014-08-08 Endoscope with a crushing function

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
KR20160018086A KR20160018086A (en) 2016-02-17
KR101611713B1 true KR101611713B1 (en) 2016-04-26

Family

ID=55457405

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
KR1020140102131A KR101611713B1 (en) 2014-08-08 2014-08-08 Endoscope with a crushing function

Country Status (1)

Country Link
KR (1) KR101611713B1 (en)

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0614867A (en) 1992-08-31 1994-01-25 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Endoscope system
US9028504B2 (en) 2012-03-02 2015-05-12 A.M. Surgical, Inc. Endoscopic surgical blade and method of use thereof
KR20140065069A (en) 2012-11-21 2014-05-29 주식회사 이에스티 Industrial Endoscope Degreaser

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
KR20160018086A (en) 2016-02-17

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP6371421B2 (en) Method for controlling the operation of an imaging system
JP2019162467A (en) Optical coupler for endoscope
US8858464B2 (en) Surgical system
CN205163193U (en) Aspiration biopsy device
US10285568B2 (en) Apparatus and method for devices for imaging structures in or at one or more luminal organs
JP4884567B2 (en) Endoscope system
US8708931B2 (en) Treatment tool for biopsy and tissue collecting method
US9295377B2 (en) Endoscope with imaging capsule
JP4471651B2 (en) Intravascular imaging method and apparatus
JP4544924B2 (en) Endoscopy tube
ES2593310T3 (en) Tissue sampling system with visual inspection of the sample
US20130253270A1 (en) Endoscope with an improved working channel
JP5903893B2 (en) probe
EP2656791A1 (en) Acoustic wave measuring apparatus
US20100121218A1 (en) Device for needle biopsy with integrated needle protection
JP4503979B2 (en) Internal devices and medical devices
JP2012523888A (en) Biopsy instrument with integrated fluid management system
JP2009247616A (en) Capsule medical apparatus and medical system
JP3930359B2 (en) Sentinel lymph node detection apparatus and detection method
WO2010071057A1 (en) Optical probe and optical observation device
US20150351637A1 (en) Ear inspection device and method of determining a condition of a subject's ear
JP4708937B2 (en) OCT observation instrument, fixing instrument, and OCT system
JP2008203244A (en) Even and parallel light curtain through single light source
US9877644B2 (en) Optical speculum
JP2006288775A (en) System for supporting endoscopic surgery

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A201 Request for examination
E902 Notification of reason for refusal
E701 Decision to grant or registration of patent right
GRNT Written decision to grant
FPAY Annual fee payment

Payment date: 20190213

Year of fee payment: 4