KR101608011B1 - Knee Joint Protector - Google Patents

Knee Joint Protector Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101608011B1
KR101608011B1 KR1020150153737A KR20150153737A KR101608011B1 KR 101608011 B1 KR101608011 B1 KR 101608011B1 KR 1020150153737 A KR1020150153737 A KR 1020150153737A KR 20150153737 A KR20150153737 A KR 20150153737A KR 101608011 B1 KR101608011 B1 KR 101608011B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
spring
knee joint
knee
protector
repulsive force
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020150153737A
Other languages
Korean (ko)
Inventor
김경일
정진근
Original Assignee
김경일
정진근
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 김경일, 정진근 filed Critical 김경일
Priority to KR1020150153737A priority Critical patent/KR101608011B1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of KR101608011B1 publication Critical patent/KR101608011B1/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/0102Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces specially adapted for correcting deformities of the limbs or for supporting them; Ortheses, e.g. with articulations
    • A61F5/0104Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces specially adapted for correcting deformities of the limbs or for supporting them; Ortheses, e.g. with articulations without articulation
    • A61F5/0106Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces specially adapted for correcting deformities of the limbs or for supporting them; Ortheses, e.g. with articulations without articulation for the knees
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/0102Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces specially adapted for correcting deformities of the limbs or for supporting them; Ortheses, e.g. with articulations
    • A61F5/0123Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces specially adapted for correcting deformities of the limbs or for supporting them; Ortheses, e.g. with articulations for the knees
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F2005/0197Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces with spring means

Abstract

The present invention relates to a knee joint protector, and more particularly, to a knee protector capable of providing and adjusting a repulsive force. To this end, the support base provided on the main body includes an upper and a lower fixture opposed to the upper and lower portions of the main body, a mounting base including a pocket disposed between the two fixtures, and a protuberance, And a spring inserted into the pockets and coupled to the mounting base. [0034] [25] In addition, as shown in Fig. The spring is fixed so that both ends of the spring are erroneously centered on the ridge when the mount is engaged, so that the rotational direction restoring force and the upward and downward repulsive force act simultaneously by the spring elasticity.

Description

Knee Joint Protector}

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention [0001] The present invention relates to a knee protector, and more particularly, to a knee protector which can be effectively used for protecting a knee joint and relieving pain.

Since the knee joints of the human body support most of the body weight and have a large amount of momentum, damage or degenerative damage frequently occurs due to various injuries. Therefore, various types of knee protector and exercise aids are used for the treatment and prevention of knee symptoms and injuries.

Generally, the knee protector is used to tightly press the knee area using a flexible band or a Velcro tape, and in some cases, a knee can be fixed with a support on both sides. However, in such a knee protector having a structure for simply pressing and fixing the knee,

The problem is that the flexibility of the knee joint is extremely limited;

Particularly, there is a problem that there is no countermeasure against the friction between the upper and lower bones constituting the knee joint due to the weight and the resulting pain.

.

There have been proposed to solve these problems, for example, a utility model registration No. 20-0378573 entitled " Knee Protection and Shock Mitigation Device Installed on Knee Protector "and Patent Registration No. 10-0742181" Knee Protector ".

Referring to FIG. 1, in constructing both side supports of a protector, an upper support 102 is fixed to an inner upper portion of the tube 101, a lower support 103 is rotatably coupled to an inner lower portion of the tube 101, The lower support 103 can be elastically rotated by connecting the upper and lower supports 102 and 103 with a coil spring 104 therebetween. According to this patent, this can help improve gait flexibility.

However, in this structure, the gap between the upper femoral bone and the lower tibial bone, which constitute the knee joint, is close to each other, thereby damaging the cartilage or ligament therebetween. Further, when the knee joint is already damaged by degenerative arthritis, By causing the bones to become friction and impact, it can cause serious pain to the user. Therefore, even if this guideline does not take into account the complexity of the support structure, it is not suitable for use in patients with knee pain.

Referring to FIG. 2, in the latter, the steel plate 105 and the silicon 106 are arranged and fixed on a supporter so that elasticity and flexibility are imparted to the supporter, And to protect the entire knee joint in the event of a minor injury.

Of course, the protector of this structure may be of some help in providing gait flexibility. However, the knee joints are already damaged and the upper and lower bones are rubbed and impacted, the knee protection, treatment or pain relief do not help much. Rather, as in the case of the former, both bones are caused to friction and impact, which can cause serious pain to the user. Therefore, it is not suitable for use in patients with knee pain.

Moreover, this type of simple iron structure supports are generally insufficiently flexible or resilient. In addition, when used several times, the warpage is fixed in the warp direction, and the efficacy and the service life thereof are remarkably reduced. In this patent, the silicon 106 is used together with the iron plate 105, but the effect of improving the characteristics thereof is very small compared to the complexity of the structure and fabrication.

On the other hand, although the support and the iron structure are fixed and their efficacy and service life are remarkably reduced, there is a problem that they can not be separated and replaced and used.

Registered Utility Model Registration No. 20-0279900 Registration Utility Model Registration No. 20-0378573 Registered Utility Model Registration No. 20-0390002 Published Patent Publication No. 10-2003-0062199 Patent Registration No. 10-0742181

The present invention has been proposed to solve the problems of the above-mentioned prior arts. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the present invention to provide a knee joint device and a knee joint device in which a force (repulsive force) acts in a direction in which upper and lower bones constituting a knee joint are separated from each other, The present invention provides a knee joint protector effective for relieving pain, protecting and treating pain of a knee joint.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a knee joint protector which is easily adapted to the movement of the knee joint and which is easy to manufacture and which can be used for a long time by easily applying a support spring having a simple structure. In addition, it is intended to provide a knee joint protector which can be used without a spring in accordance with a mandatory requirement, or can be simply replaced with a support spring.

In the knee joint protector of the present invention,

A protector including a main body that surrounds and protects a knee portion in a cylindrical shape, and a support base provided on left and right sides of the main body,

The support comprises:

An upper and a lower fixing member opposed to upper and lower portions of the main body, and a pocket disposed between the two fixing members;

A spring which is formed by a ridge bent toward the center of the knee joint toward the front of the knee joint, both ends of the spring are inserted and fixed to the fixture, the protrusion is inserted into the pocket,

/ RTI >

Wherein the spring is fixed to the mounting base such that both end portions are misaligned with respect to the protruding portion in comparison with the circular state when the mounting base is engaged and is configured such that the rotational direction restoring force and the upward and downward repulsive force act simultaneously by spring elasticity;

.

Preferably, the pockets are formed with openings on one side in the transverse direction. More preferably, the pocket comprises two or more pockets arranged in the transverse direction, and the protuberance of the spring is selectively inserted into the plurality of pockets to adjust the repulsive force.

Further, preferably, the spring has a spring coil at both end portions and the bent portions of the raised portions.

According to the present invention, a spring in which a refraction bulge is formed at the center is mounted so as to have a repulsive force at a proper position of the protector. Therefore, in the knee joint protector of the present invention, force acts in a direction in which the upper and lower bones constituting the knee joint are separated from each other in a state where the joint is in a flat state or a bent state, so that friction or impact between the two side bones can be suppressed as much as possible. As a result, it is very effective in relieving pain, protecting and treating the knee joint.

Further, the above-mentioned effect of the present invention can be achieved by simply applying a support spring having a simple structure in which a rhomboidal refracting ridge is formed at the center. Therefore, the knee joint protector of the present invention can provide gait flexibility and restoring force suitable for the movement of the knee joint, and on the other hand, it is easy to manufacture and has no effect of function loss due to fixation even when used for a long time .

In a preferred embodiment, the knee joint protector of the present invention comprises two or more pockets arranged in a transverse direction. Therefore, the user can selectively insert the protruding portion of the spring into the plurality of pockets, so that the repulsive force suitable for the knee joint of the user can be adjusted and selected. Of course, the spring can be easily separated and used without spring, reinstalled or replaced according to the individual needs of the user.

1 is a view of a support for use in a conventional knee protector.
2 is a view of a support used in another conventional knee guards.
3 is an external view of a knee joint protector according to the present invention.
Figs. 4 (a), 4 (b) and 4 (c) are deformation diagrams of the spring applied to Fig.
Fig. 5 is an exemplary view of the repulsive force adjustment of the knee joint protector of Fig. 3; Fig.
FIG. 6 is a state in which the knee joint protector according to the present invention is used. FIG.
FIG. 7 is another use state of the knee joint protector according to the present invention. FIG.

The features and operation effects of the present invention 'knee joint protector' (hereinafter referred to as 'protector') described or not described above will become more apparent from the following description of the embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings. 3, the guard according to the present invention is indicated by the reference numeral 10.

3, the protector 10 of the present invention includes a main body 11 for covering and covering a knee portion in a cylindrical shape, and two support rods 20 provided on the left and right sides of the main body 11, respectively .

Here, the main body 11 is a cylindrical tube of a flexible pressure material fitted in the knee portion, and a circular band 12 for preventing the flow of the protector 10 is provided on the upper and lower sides thereof. However, as long as the knee protector 10 having such a structure is not special in the present invention, and the knee protector 10 is wrapped around the knee in a cylindrical shape, the body of the protector 10 according to the present invention is limited to the structure or form It is not.

In the present invention, the support base 20 includes a mount 21 fixed to the main body 11 and a spring 22 fixed to the mount 21.

The mounting base 21 is configured to mount the spring 22 and is formed to face the upper and lower portions of the body 11 of the protector 10 so that both ends 27a and 27b of the spring 22 are inserted Upper and lower fasteners 23 and 24 for fixing in a bi-directional resilient force, that is, a repulsive force, and a pocket 25 disposed between the two fasteners 23 and 24. Here, the pocket 25 is formed so that the central portion of the spring 22 can be elastically inserted or removed.

To this end, the pocket 25 is formed with an opening (reference numeral 26 'in FIG. 5) on one side in the transverse direction. The pockets 25 comprise two or more pockets 25a and 25b arranged in the transverse direction and the central portion ridges 28 of the springs 22 are arranged in a plurality of pockets 25a, 25a, 25b so as to be able to adjust the repulsive force of the spring 22.

The spring 22 is a steel wire formed in such a manner that a ridge portion 28 that is refracted in the form of a rhombus at the center is formed toward the front of the knee joint (see Fig. 6), and both ends 27a, 27b are fixed to the fixing holes 23, And the protruding portion 28 is inserted into one of the pockets 25 and is coupled to the mounting table 21. [ However, in a state in which the protruding portion 28 is separated from the pocket 25, the spring 22 can be easily separated from the mounting base 21, and can be reinstalled or replaced if necessary.

4 (a) to 4 (c), the spring 22 has two ends 27a and 27b around the protruding portion 28 as compared with the original state (a) (B) so that the rotational direction restoring force (A) and the upward and downward repulsive force (B) act simultaneously (C) by the elasticity of the spring (22). The spring 22 is structured such that the spring coil 30 is formed at both ends 27a and 27b and the bent portions of the ridge 28 to reinforce the support elasticity and restoring force of the spring 22. [

It is determined that the structure and shape of the central portion raised portion 28 of the spring 22 are optimum for realizing the restoring force and the repulsive force by the elasticity and it is judged to ensure the durability against repeated use of the spring 22 . Further, it is judged that there is a significance as a means for reinforcing the above-mentioned characteristics of the spring 22 of the spring coil 30 of the bent portion, that is, the elasticity, the restoring force, the repulsive force and the durability.

In the drawing, (c) is a view of the spring 22 when the user of the guard 10 bends the knee, at which time a greater repulsion force will be provided for protection of the knee joint.

5, the pocket 25 comprises two or more pockets 25a, 25b arranged in a transverse direction, and the ridge 28 of the spring 22 has a plurality of pockets 25a, (25a, 25b) to adjust the repulsive force. A handle 29 is fixed to the protruding portion 28 of the spring 22 in order to provide the convenience of the adjustment of the repulsive force or the convenience of the separation of the spring 22.

Specifically, the handle 29 is formed of a so-called velcro tape, and is detachably attached to the surface of the main body 11. The user can move the ridge 28 of the spring 25 in the left and right directions using the knob 29 and selectively insert the ridge 28 into the plurality of pockets 25a and 25b so as to have a suitable repulsive force . Of course, the spring 22 may be completely separated from the mounting base 21 or the main body 11.

6 and 7 show a state in which the wearer wears the knee protector 10 of the present invention on the knee joint. It is assumed that the repulsive force by the spring 25 is adjusted in advance.

As shown in FIG. 6, the knee protector 10 provides a repulsive force by the spring 22 even when the momentum or the amount of rotation of the knee joint is small. Therefore, even when the joint is in a state of being bent or slightly bent, a force acts in a direction in which the upper and lower bones constituting the knee joint are separated from each other, so that friction or impact between the two bones can be suppressed as much as possible. Therefore, it can be used effectively when the knee joint is severely injured or in the case of a slow recovery movement in a state immediately after the operation.

As shown in FIG. 7, when the amount of motion or the amount of rotation of the knee joint is large, that is, when the rotation angle of the joint is large, the knee protector 10 provides greater elasticity and repulsive force. Therefore, the knee joint is not rotated unintentionally. In this case, the friction or impact between the two bones is sufficiently suppressed, and at the same time, the knee joint is flexibly supported so that the knee joint rapidly returns to the original state. As a result, it is very effective for pain relief, protection and treatment of the knee joint.

10. Knee protector
11. Body 12. Band
20. Supports 21. Mounting
22. Spring
23,24. Fixture
25, 25a, 25b. pocket
26. The aperture
27a, 27b. End
28. Ridge Foundation
29. Handle
30. Coil

Claims (6)

  1. A protector including a main body (11) for covering and covering a knee portion in a cylindrical shape, and a support base (20) provided on left and right sides of the main body,
    The support (20) comprises:
    A mounting table (21) including upper and lower fixtures (23, 24) opposed to the upper and lower portions of the main body, and a pocket (25) arranged between the two fixtures;
    27b are fixed by being fixed to the fixture and the protrusions are inserted into the pockets so that the protrusions are engaged with the mounting brackets 28a, A spring (22);
    / RTI >
    The spring is fixed to the mounting table 21 so that both end portions 27a and 27b are misaligned with respect to the protruding portion when the mounting table 21 is engaged with respect to the protruding portion so that the rotational direction restoring force and the upward / Repulsive force) acting simultaneously;
    A knee joint protector.
  2. The method according to claim 1,
    Wherein the pocket (25) is formed with an opening (26) on one side in the transverse direction.
  3. 3. The method of claim 2,
    Characterized in that the pocket (25) comprises two or more pockets (25a, 25b) arranged in the transverse direction and the central portion ridge (28) of the spring (22) So that the repulsive force of the knee joint can be adjusted.
  4. 4. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 3,
    Characterized in that the spring (22) is formed with spring coils (30) at both ends (27a, 27b) and at the bending portions of the ridges (28).
  5. 4. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 3,
    Wherein a knob (29) is fixed to the protruding portion (28) of the spring (22) for separating the spring (22) or adjusting the repulsive force of the spring (22).
  6. 6. The method of claim 5,
    Characterized in that the handle (29) comprises a Velcro tape.
KR1020150153737A 2015-11-03 2015-11-03 Knee Joint Protector KR101608011B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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KR1020150153737A KR101608011B1 (en) 2015-11-03 2015-11-03 Knee Joint Protector

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KR101608011B1 true KR101608011B1 (en) 2016-04-01

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101929176B1 (en) 2017-12-24 2018-12-13 박종완 Assistant apparatus for sitting works
KR200488436Y1 (en) 2017-09-18 2019-01-30 강호언 Protection belt for human body-joints
KR101984083B1 (en) * 2018-03-30 2019-05-30 전주대학교 산학협력단 Knee protector

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5261871A (en) 1991-12-12 1993-11-16 Greenfield Raphael L Orthopedic device
JP2002088534A (en) 2000-09-14 2002-03-27 Act:Kk Knee supporter
US20130110023A1 (en) 2010-07-09 2013-05-02 Bauerfeind Ag Knee bandage having a corrective strap

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5261871A (en) 1991-12-12 1993-11-16 Greenfield Raphael L Orthopedic device
JP2002088534A (en) 2000-09-14 2002-03-27 Act:Kk Knee supporter
US20130110023A1 (en) 2010-07-09 2013-05-02 Bauerfeind Ag Knee bandage having a corrective strap

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR200488436Y1 (en) 2017-09-18 2019-01-30 강호언 Protection belt for human body-joints
KR101929176B1 (en) 2017-12-24 2018-12-13 박종완 Assistant apparatus for sitting works
KR101984083B1 (en) * 2018-03-30 2019-05-30 전주대학교 산학협력단 Knee protector

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