KR101586465B1 - Device for pulverization and extraction of agricultural product - Google Patents

Device for pulverization and extraction of agricultural product Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101586465B1
KR101586465B1 KR1020150137256A KR20150137256A KR101586465B1 KR 101586465 B1 KR101586465 B1 KR 101586465B1 KR 1020150137256 A KR1020150137256 A KR 1020150137256A KR 20150137256 A KR20150137256 A KR 20150137256A KR 101586465 B1 KR101586465 B1 KR 101586465B1
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
cutter
cutting
crushing
grinding
unit
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KR1020150137256A
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Korean (ko)
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우성환
서상운
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우성환
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Priority to KR1020150137256A priority Critical patent/KR101586465B1/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N1/00Machines or apparatus for extracting juice
    • A23N1/02Machines or apparatus for extracting juice combined with disintegrating or cutting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/10Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged above container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • B02C18/141Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers with axial flow
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • B02C18/182Disc-shaped knives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2216Discharge means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2225Feed means
    • B02C18/2258Feed means of screw type

Abstract

The present invention relates to a crushing and juicing apparatus for agricultural products. The present invention comprises a cutting conveying unit, a cutting crushing unit, an extruding tube and an extrusion screw so that the crushing operation as well as the crushing operation can be performed together, The agricultural products that are cut secondarily in the cutting and crushing unit are transferred to the male pulverizing blade of the disc cutter and the arm of the crushing ring, It is possible to improve the productivity as well as to provide an excellent grinding power by being crushed by the male and female grinding blades while being moved between the spaces between the grinding blades. In addition, the grinding cutter is fixed and fixed to the grinding cutter fastening holes, The structure of the ring binding device is simple, and the binding of the milling cutter and the grinding ring is simple. How will that remuneration can easily be made.

Description

TECHNICAL FIELD [0001] The present invention relates to a device for pulverizing and juicing agricultural products,
The present invention relates to a crushing and juicing apparatus for agricultural produce, and more particularly, to a crushing and juicing apparatus for agricultural produce, which comprises a cutting transfer unit, a cutting crushing unit, an extruding tube and an extrusion screw, The agricultural products for primary cutting are firstly cut while being transported by the cutting conveying screw and the secondary cut products in the cutting and crushing unit are transported by the male pulverizing blade of the disc cutter and the pulverizing blade of the pulverizing ring It is possible to improve the productivity as well as to provide an excellent crushing power by being crushed by the male and female crushing blades while being moved between the spaces between the female and female crushing blades. In addition, the crushing cutter is fixed and fixed to the crushing cutter fastening tool, Bonding between the grinding cutter and the grinding ring is made simple through the structure that is bound to the grinding ring binding tool And an apparatus for grinding and juicing agricultural products so that maintenance of the apparatus can be easily performed.
Generally, the agricultural product crushing apparatus is provided with a pair of crushing rollers having different rotation ratios, and agricultural products (for example, cereals such as rice, barley, or radish, red pepper, etc.) to be put in between the crushing rollers are crushed .
The agricultural product pulverizing apparatus has a particle size determined according to the number of pulverization. That is, when agricultural products having passed through the pulverizing roller are collected and then put into the pulverizing roller again, the agricultural product is pulverized to a desired size.
However, in the conventional agricultural product grinding apparatus as described above, the more the number of the pulverized agricultural products is collected, the more easily the operator becomes fatigued and the productivity is lowered because the agricultural products can not be emptied until they are crushed to a desired particle size .
In addition, the above-mentioned agricultural comminuting apparatuses have been used for the seasoning of kimchi which produces a large quantity of agricultural products such as radish, side wave, green onion, parsley, pear, red pepper and the like.
On the other hand, in the modern society, for the sake of health, the agricultural products such as carrot, onion, and celery are squeezed and the juice extract is circulated and sold through packaging such as retort pouch.
In the case of agricultural products containing a large amount of moisture of the agricultural products, in particular, agricultural products pulverizing and juicing apparatus configured to simultaneously grind and juice agricultural products through pulverization and juice function in order to drink and drink juice Is required.
In other words, the conventional agricultural product grinding apparatus as described above is merely for crushing agricultural products, and the function of the juice is very small. Therefore, there is a problem that a juice extractor must be used for juice of agricultural products.
Therefore, it is possible to simultaneously realize the crushing operation and the juicing operation, while improving the bearing structure for stable driving of the drive unit for rotating the cutter for crushing, so that the rotary drive for crushing can be stably and smoothly performed. It is required to research and develop the crushing and juicing apparatus of agricultural products so that the crushing of the crusher can be carried out in a large amount easily.
Korean Patent Publication No. 2000-0009761 2000.02.15.
In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, the present invention comprises a cutting transfer unit, a cutting grinding unit, an extruding tube, and an extrusion screw so that the grinding operation as well as the milling operation can be performed together, The present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a crushing and juicing apparatus for agricultural products which can easily carry out a juicing operation.
Another object of the technique according to the present invention is to provide a cutting apparatus which cuts primarily while being transported by a cutting conveying screw, and the second cut product in the cutting crushing unit is moved between the number of milling blades of the disc cutter and the arm crushing blade of the crushing ring So that it can be pulverized by means of the male and female crushing blades, thereby providing excellent crushing power and improving productivity.
In addition, according to the present invention, since the grinding cutter is fastened to the grinding cutter fastening hole and the grinding ring is fastened to the grinding ring fastening hole, the grinding cutter and the grinding ring are easily fastened together and the maintenance of the device is easy The purpose is to make it possible.
The present invention for achieving the above-mentioned objects is as follows. That is, the agricultural product crushing and juicing apparatus according to the present invention is such that the agricultural products are put into the crushing process after being firstly and secondly cut and treated, and the crushed agricultural products are processed for juicing, And a feed hopper provided at an upper portion of the hopper to feed the agricultural product to the hopper and cut the primary product through a cutting conveying screw driven by a driving unit, And a cutting and grinding unit connected in communication with the cutting and conveying unit to feed the agricultural products conveyed by the cutting and conveying screw so as to be secondarily cut and then crushed, the crushing and milling apparatus comprising: , And is installed in the lower portion of the cutting and crushing unit, and discharges the juice to the outside while feeding agricultural products A lower portion of the cutting and crushing unit is divided into an upper portion opened to allow agricultural products to flow in, a tunnel-shaped transport portion in which the agricultural products move and a funnel-shaped discharge portion in which the agricultural products are discharged, while the inlet portion, An extrusion pipe having flanges formed at ends thereof to be connected to each other and having a connecting rod inserted through the flanges and a nut fastened to the front and rear ends of the connecting rod; An extrusion screw having a spiral blade formed on the outer surface of the shaft and adapted to pressurize agricultural produce inside the extrusion tube; And an exhaust housing installed to surround one side of the extrusion pipe and having an exhaust port at one side of the exhaust pipe and exhausting the juice to the outside through an extrusion screw in the extrusion pipe through the exhaust port, The cutting and grinding unit includes a driving housing which is connected to the cutting and conveying unit in a main housing provided at one side of the cutting and conveying unit, And a cutter shaft connected to a lower end of the drive shaft is provided in the drive housing, and a cutter is screwed to the outer surface of the cutter shaft, A crushing cutter is connected to the lower end of the shaft, a crushing ring is disposed at a lower side of the crushing cutter at a predetermined interval, And the grinding cutter is connected to the lower end of the main housing by a grinding cutter fastening member connected to a lower end of the cutter shaft and connected to a lower end of the cutter shaft, A coupling hole is formed at the center so as to be inserted into and connected to the crush cutter fastener so as to be fastened and connected by a fastening member, a fastening hole is formed at a predetermined interval along the circumference of the fastening hole, And a guide bar protruding upward from the outer side of the disc cutter and having a predetermined length extending inwardly from the outer side thereof and having a plurality of guide bars protruding upward in a circumferential direction at regular intervals.
The crush ring binding member includes a contact piece that is in close contact with a bottom surface of the main housing outside the lower end portion of the drive housing and a binder piece that is tightly fixed to the lower portion of the close contact piece, And the brittle material is crushed through the center between the outer surface of the crushing cutter and the inner surface of the crushing ring so as to discharge downward the agricultural product to be dropped down so that the crushing ring can be seated on the crushing cutter A discharge hole having an area smaller than that of the air hole is formed through the discharge hole, and a discharge hopper is provided in a shape of a lower light shielding shape from the lower edge of the discharge hole.
At this time, a fixing bar is protruded downward from the bottom surface of the main housing at the bottom of the main housing along the lower end of the driving housing, and a fixing lever, which is selectively raised and lowered by rotation, is screwed to the lower end of the fixing bar, The ring fastener is characterized in that the fastener element and the fastener element are closely fixed to each other by a fixing member and a fastening hole is formed through the fastener element at a predetermined interval along the circumference of the fastener element and the fastener is inserted through the fastener hole It is preferable that the crush ring clamp is fixed to the bottom surface of the main housing by rotation of the fixing lever.
It is preferable that the coupling hole comprises an insertion portion having a diameter corresponding to the fixing lever and a coupling portion communicating with one side of the insertion portion and having a diameter corresponding to the fixing rod.
In addition, it is preferable that the gripping pieces are further connected to grip rods on both sides of the bottom surface.
The effects of the pulverizing and juicing apparatus for agricultural products according to the present invention are as follows.
First, since it is constituted by including a cutting transfer unit, a cutting grinding unit, an extruding tube, and an extrusion screw, it is possible to perform a juicing operation after the grinding operation as well as a grinding operation, .
Secondly, the product is firstly cut while being transported by the cutting conveying screw, and the second-cut product from the cutting and crushing unit is moved to the space between the abrasive blade of the disc cutter and the arm crushing blade of the crushing ring, By crushing by a blade, it is possible to provide excellent crushing power and improve productivity.
Thirdly, the grinding cutter is fastened to the grinding cutter fastening hole, and at the same time, the grinding ring is fastened to the grinding ring fastening hole, so that the grinding cutter and the grinding ring are easily fastened together.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a front cross-sectional view showing a crushing and juicing apparatus for agricultural products according to the present invention. FIG.
FIG. 2 is a side cross-sectional view showing a pulverizing and juicing apparatus for agricultural produce according to the present invention. FIG.
FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing a combination of a cutter shaft, a cutter and a crushing cutter, which are essential parts of a cutting and crushing unit in the crushing and juicing apparatus for agricultural products according to the present invention.
4 is a perspective view showing a grinding cutter which is a main part of a cutting and grinding unit in the grinding and juicing apparatus for agricultural products according to the present invention.
5 is a bottom plan view showing a pulverized cutter as a main part of a cutting and grinding unit in a pulverizing and juicing apparatus for agricultural products according to the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing the separated crush ring and the crush ring of the crush ring of the agricultural crushing and juicing apparatus according to the present invention. FIG.
FIG. 7 is a bottom view showing the operation relationship between the grinding cutter and the grinding cutter, which are essential parts of the cutting and grinding unit in the grinding and juicing apparatus for agricultural products according to the present invention.
FIG. 8 is a view showing a configuration of a recessed part of a main part showing a structure of a grinding cutter, a grinding ring, and a grinding ring fastening part which are essential parts of a cutting grinding unit in the grinding and juicing apparatus for agricultural products according to the present invention.
9 is an exploded view showing an extrusion tube which is a main part of a pulverizing and juicing apparatus for agricultural produce according to the present invention.
FIG. 10 is a view showing the arrangement of the main part showing the extrusion tube which is the main part of the agricultural product grinding and juicing apparatus according to the present invention. FIG.
11 is a structural view showing the main part of an extrusion screw which is a main part of a pulverizing and juicing apparatus for agricultural produce according to the present invention.
12 is a perspective view showing an extrusion screw which is a main part of a pulverizing and juicing apparatus for agricultural products according to the present invention.
13 is a perspective view showing another embodiment of a grinding cutter which is a main part of a cutting and grinding unit in the grinding and juicing apparatus for agricultural products according to the present invention.
FIG. 14 is a view showing a configuration of a recessed part of a main part showing a structure of a grinding cutter, a grinding ring, and a grinding ring binding part which are essential parts of a cutting grinding unit in the grinding and juicing apparatus for agricultural products according to another embodiment of the present invention, .
15 is a perspective view showing still another embodiment of a grinding cutter which is a main part of a cutting and grinding unit in the grinding and juicing apparatus for agricultural products according to the present invention.
FIG. 16 is a perspective view illustrating a structure of a grinding cutter, a grinding ring, and a grinding ring fastener, which are essential parts of a cutting grinding unit in the grinding and juicing apparatus for agricultural products according to another embodiment of the present invention, Degree.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the pulverizing and juicing apparatus for agricultural products according to the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a front sectional view showing a pulverizing and juicing apparatus for agricultural produce according to the present invention, and FIG. 2 is a side sectional view showing a pulverizing and juicing apparatus for agricultural produce according to the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a perspective view illustrating a cutter shaft, a cutter, and a cutter cutter, which are essential parts of the cutting and crushing unit in the crushing and juicing apparatus for agricultural products according to the present invention. FIG. 5 is a bottom plan view showing a pulverization cutter as a main part of a cutting and crushing unit in the crushing and juicing apparatus for agricultural products according to the present invention. FIG.
FIG. 6 is a perspective view illustrating a pulverizing ring and a pulverizing ring binding unit, which are essential parts of the cutting and crushing unit in the agricultural product pulverizing and juicing apparatus according to the present invention, and FIG. 7 is a cross- FIG. 8 is a bottom view showing the working relationship between the crushing cutter and the crushing ring, which are the main parts of the cutting and crushing unit according to the present invention. Fig.
FIG. 9 is an exploded perspective view showing an extrusion tube which is a main part of a pulverizing and juicing apparatus for agricultural produce according to the present invention, and FIG. 10 is a view showing a main part showing an extrusion tube which is a main part of a pulverizing and juicing apparatus for agricultural products according to the present invention.
FIG. 11 is a structural view showing a main part of an extrusion screw which is a main part of a pulverizing and juicing apparatus for agricultural produce according to the present invention, and FIG. 12 is a perspective view showing an extrusion screw which is a main part of a pulverizing and juicing apparatus for agricultural products according to the present invention.
As shown in FIGS. 1 to 12, the agricultural product crushing and juicing apparatus according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention allows the agricultural products to be firstly and secondarily cut and then crushed, while the crushed agricultural products are processed And a supply hopper 310 installed at an upper portion of one side of the mounting base 100. The supply hopper 310 is installed at an upper portion of the mounting base 100 and receives the agricultural products, A cutting transfer unit 300 for primarily cutting the agricultural products supplied to the cutting unit 310 through a cutting conveying screw 350 driven by the driving unit 330 and transferring the same in one direction, And a cutting and crushing unit 400 for connecting agricultural products to be fed by the cutting and conveying screw 350 to be cut and then crushed secondarily.
The apparatus for crushing and juicing agricultural produce according to the present invention may further include an extrusion pipe 900, an extrusion screw 990, and a discharge housing 900a.
At this time, the extrusion pipe 900 is installed in the lower part of the cutting and crushing unit 400, and discharges the juice to the outside while feeding the agricultural products. In the lower part of the cutting and crushing unit 400, A feed unit 910, a transport unit 920 in the form of a tunnel through which the agricultural product moves, and a funnel-shaped discharge unit 930 through which agricultural products are discharged.
The extrusion pipe 900 is formed with flanges 940 at the ends of the inlet 910, the feeder 920 and the outlet 930, and the flange 940 is inserted through the flanges 940 And a nut 960 fastened to the front and rear ends of the connecting rod 950 and the connecting rod 950.
The extrusion screw 990 has a spiral blade 992 formed on an outer surface of the shaft 991 so as to pressurize the agricultural product inside the extrusion pipe 900.
The discharge housing 900a is installed so as to surround one side of the extrusion pipe 900 and has a discharge port 910a at one side of the discharge pipe 900 so that the extrusion pipe 900 is extruded through the discharge port 910a. And the juice sucked out through the screw 990 is discharged to the outside.
In other words, the discharge housing 900a feeds the agricultural products to the outside through the extrusion pipe 900 in one direction according to the rotation of the extrusion screw 990, .
In the apparatus for crushing and sifting agricultural produce according to the present invention, the caster 130 is preferably provided on the bottom surface of the mounting table 100 and the bottom plate 110 so as to be easily conveyed. Preferably, one side of the caster 130 is provided with a fixed foot 140 for selectively fixing the bottom of the installation site.
In addition, the cutting conveying screw 350 may be provided at a lower portion of the loading hopper 310 in the horizontal direction so as to be able to primarily cut the agricultural produce supplied through the loading hopper 310, And the winding directions of the screws 352 surrounding the screw shaft 351 are wound in opposite directions to each other so that the screws 352 are alternately arranged.
The cutting and crushing unit 400 includes a driving housing 440 connected to the cutting and conveying unit 300 in the main housing 410. A driving motor 440 is mounted on the driving housing 440, 460 are provided.
The cutting and grinding unit 400 may include a driving shaft 461 rotated by the driving motor 460 and a cutter shaft 470 connected to the lower end of the driving shaft 461 in the driving housing 440, Respectively.
The cutter 471 is provided on the outer surface of the cutter shaft 470 so as to enclose a screw type cutter 471. The cutter 471 is provided on the outer surface of the cutter shaft 470 in a screw type, It is preferable to further include an auxiliary cutter 472 extending outwardly from the top and the bottom.
The grinding cutter 500 is connected to the lower end of the cutter shaft 470 and the grinding ring 700 is disposed at a lower side of the grinding cutter 500 at regular intervals And is fixed to the bottom surface of the main housing 410 on the outer side of the lower end of the driving housing 440 by a crush ring binding device 800. [
The grinder cutter 500 is connected to the lower end of the cutter shaft 470 by a grinder cutter coupling 600 connected to the lower end of the cutter shaft 470, 520).
The cutter 510 has a connection hole 511 formed at the center thereof so as to be inserted into and connected to the cutter cutter 600 so as to be connected to the cutter cutter 600 by a cutter coupling 550, A fastening hole 512 is formed at a predetermined interval around the connection hole 511 and a male crushing blade 514 is formed in a ratchet type along the outer side surface.
In addition, the guide bars 520 are formed on the upper surface of the circular cutter 510 so as to extend inwardly from the outside to a predetermined length and protrude upward, and are provided at a predetermined interval in the circumferential direction.
In order to smoothly rotate the milling cutter 500 when the agricultural products cut through the cutter 471 are guided downward by the cutter 471, the disc cutter 510 of the milling cutter 500 is rotated It is preferable that an air outlet 513 is formed at a predetermined interval in the circumferential direction along the periphery of the fastening hole 512 so that air can be discharged to the lower side of the disk cutter 510.
The pulverizing ring 700 is fixed to the bottom surface of the main housing 410 on the outer side of the lower end of the driving housing 440 by the pulverizing ring binding device 800, And the arm crushing blade 714 is formed on the inner surface in a ratchet type.
It is preferable that the arm milling blade 714 has a constant gap with the male milling blade 514 formed on the outer surface of the circular cutter 510 of the milling cutter 500 when viewed from the bottom.
Therefore, after the agricultural product subjected to the second cutting process by the cutter 471 and the auxiliary cutter 471 is guided by the guide bar 520, the agricultural product between the male pulverizing blade 514 and the arm pulverizing blade 714 And can be downwardly guided while being crushed through the space formed by the gap and the ratchet type.
The pulverizing ring binding device 800 includes a contact piece 810 which is in close contact with the bottom surface of the main housing 410 at the outer side of the lower end of the driving housing 440, (820).
The contact piece 810 is formed at its center with an air hole 811 corresponding to the grinding ring 700. The bending piece 820 is formed at the center of the outer periphery of the grinding cutter 500, Having an area smaller than that of the air hole (811) so that the pulverizing ring (700) can be seated on the air hole (811) while the agricultural product falling down through the space between the inner surfaces of the ring (700) (821) is formed.
A discharge hopper 870 may be provided at a lower end of the discharge hole 821 in the shape of a lower beam so that a receptacle (not shown) is formed on the bottom plate 110 below the discharge hopper 870, So that the agricultural products that have been subjected to the crushing process and discharged through the discharge hopper 870 can be collected on the collection bin (not shown).
In this case, the agricultural products that have been pulverized are collected when the juicing operation is not performed after the pulverizing process. In this case, the configuration of the extruding pipe 900, the extrusion screw 990, and the discharge housing 900a The picking operation of the agricultural products after the crushing is performed in the state of being selectively removed.
On the other hand, in the case where the juice operation is carried out after the grinding process, in such a case, the discharge hopper 870 is rotated in the state where the configuration of the extrusion pipe 900, the extrusion screw 990 and the discharge housing 900a is mounted The milled agricultural product discharged through the mill is guided into the extruding pipe 900 so that the juicing operation can be performed.
In the apparatus for crushing and sifting agricultural produce according to the present invention as described above, the bottom of the main housing 410 on the outer side of the lower end of the driving housing 440 is fixed to the bottom of the driving housing 440, And a fixing lever 430, which is selectively raised and lowered by rotation, is screwed to the lower end of the fixing rod 420. [
In the crush ring binding device 800, the contact piece 810 and the binding piece 820 are tightly fixed by the fixing member 830, and the periphery of the close contact piece 810 and the peripheral edge of the binding piece 820 And a coupling hole 840 is formed at a predetermined interval.
Therefore, after the fixing rod 420 is inserted through the coupling hole 840, the crush ring fixing device 800 is rotated by the fixing lever 430 so that the crush ring fixing device 800 is rotated The ring 700 can be fixedly installed on the bottom surface of the main housing 410 while being seated and fixed.
The coupling hole 840 has an insertion portion 841 having a diameter corresponding to the fixing lever 430 and a connecting portion 842 communicating with one side of the insertion portion 841 And a binding portion 842 having a diameter corresponding to that of the fixing rod 420.
It is preferable that the gripper 820 further has gripping rods 825 connected to both sides of the bottom surface thereof and gripping the gripping rods 825 by the gripping rods 825 as described above, So that it can be easily fixed to the sphere 800.
The grinding ring binding device 800 may be configured such that the grasping ring binding device 800 grasps the grasping rod 825 and sequentially inserts the fixing lever 430 and the fixing rod 420 through the insertion portion 841 of the coupling hole 840 And finally the fixing lever 430 is rotated to rotate the coupling member 820 by a predetermined angle to fix the fixing rod 420 to the coupling portion 842. Finally, And is fixed to the bottom surface of the main housing 410 on the outer side of the lower end.
Therefore, it is possible to securely and securely fix the main housing 410 on the bottom surface of the main housing 410 outside the lower end of the driving housing 440 with respect to the crush ring binding device 800.
In the pulverizing and juicing apparatus for agricultural products according to the present invention as described above, the driving motor 460 of the cutting and conveying unit 300 and the cutting and crushing unit 400, the cutter shaft 470, the crushing cutter 500, The configuration of the extrusion screw 990 and the like is preferably controlled and driven by a control box (not shown) provided on the outer surface of the main housing 410.
The detailed structure of the extrusion pipe 900 will be described in detail below. The feeding unit 920 of the extrusion pipe 900 is provided with a front and rear flange 940, A connecting pipe 921 is formed to penetrate and connect the connecting rod 950. As shown in FIG.
At this time, the connecting pipe 921 supports not only the function of enhancing durability and stability by supporting the flanges 940 formed before and after the feeding unit 920, but also the function of connecting the connecting rod 950 to the front and rear flanges 940 It is possible to eliminate the inconvenience of fitting into the holes formed in the respective holes.
The transfer part 920 and the discharge part 930 of the extrusion pipe 900 are formed of a mesh material so that the juice may escape to the outside and the inflow part 910 may be made of a plate material . Therefore, according to this configuration, since the agricultural product can be prevented from being caught in the inflow section 910, the inflow section 910 disposed under the cutting and crushing unit 400 can be more easily cleaned.
Further, the transfer part 920 and the discharge part 930 of the extrusion pipe 900 are formed as a double net as shown in the figure. Therefore, it is possible to prevent tearing or popping due to higher durability compared with the conventional durability of a conventional extrusion pipe made of a single layer net. At this time, it is preferable to make the internal mesh smaller and the external mesh larger the mesh.
A flange 940 is formed at the front and rear ends of the inlet 910, the feeder 920 and the outlet 930 of the extrusion pipe 900. Between the front and rear flanges 940, (970) are formed at regular intervals.
That is, as shown in the drawing, a reinforcing rib 970 is formed between the front and rear flanges 940 of the inlet 910, the conveying portion 920, and the outlet 930 to support the pressure acting therein It is preferable to form one reinforcing rib 970 in the inlet 910 having a short length and the discharging portion 930 and to form about four reinforcing ribs 970 on the long conveying portion 920 .
At this time, it is preferable that the extrusion pipe 900 of the net material and the reinforcing rib 970 are fixed by welding.
As described above, the extrusion screw 990 has a spiral blade 992 formed on the outer surface of the shaft 991, and is installed inside the extrusion pipe 900 to feed the pulverized agricultural product.
This extrusion screw 990 is particularly designed such that the end of the shaft 991 in the discharge portion 930 is provided with an expanding inclined portion 991a whose diameter gradually increases toward the inner surface of the discharge portion 930, And the diameter of the spiral blade 992 is gradually reduced within the discharge portion 930. The diameter of the spiral blade 992 is smaller than the diameter of the spiral blade 991. [
Therefore, the agricultural product residue conveyed by the extrusion screw 990 must be drawn into a narrowing space between the extrusion tube 900 and the extrusion screw 990 by the expanding inclined portion 991a in the discharge portion 930 The more the amount is stagnated, the higher the pressure, the more juice can be made.
At this time, the extrusion screw 990 allows the spiral blade 992 in the discharge pipe 930 to be formed up to the expanded inclined portion 991a. That is, since the narrow slope part 991b formed from the expansion slope part 991a is close to the inner surface of the discharge part 930, the spiral blade is excluded and the agricultural product Allow the debris to escape as smoothly as necessary.
As shown in FIG. 11, the extrusion screw 990 is driven so as to be tightly installed in the transfer part 920 and the discharge part 930, and as the distance between the front and rear blades decreases toward the front part And is formed to be gradually narrowed. As the blade of the extrusion screw 990 becomes narrower toward the front side, it becomes possible to smoothly transfer agricultural products.
In the apparatus for crushing and sifting agricultural products according to the present invention as described above, the drive housing 440 is disposed in the main housing 410 and has an upper housing 441 A central housing 442 connected to the lower portion of the upper housing 441 by a flange type and a lower housing 443 connected to the lower portion of the central housing 442 in a flange type.
A driving shaft 461 connected to the driving motor 460 is disposed at an inner center of the upper housing 441 and the central housing 442. The driving shaft 461 is connected to the upper housing 441 in a flange- The lower mounting piece 452 is inserted into the connecting portion of the lower housing 443 connected to the center housing 442 in a flange type manner, .
The driving shaft 461 is inserted through the center of the upper mounting piece 451 and an upper bearing 455 for rotatably supporting the outer surface of the driving shaft 461 is fixed to the upper mounting piece 451 And fixed by a bracket 453.
The cutter shaft 470 connected to the lower end of the driving shaft 461 is inserted through the center of the lower mounting piece 452 and a lower bearing 456 for rotatably covering the outer surface of the cutter shaft 470, Is fixedly mounted on the lower mounting piece 452 by a lower fixing bracket 454.
The lower housing 443 of the drive housing 440 may be connected to the cutting and conveying unit 300 at one side thereof and the cleaning mouth 444 may be formed at the other side of the lower housing 443, The sphere 444 can be selectively opened by the detachable cap 445.
The maintenance and management of the cutter members such as the cutter 471 and the breaker cutter 500 installed in the lower housing 443 by providing the cleaning mouth 444 and the attaching / So that it can be made easier.
FIG. 13 is a perspective view showing another embodiment of a grinding cutter which is a main part of a cutting and grinding unit in an agricultural product grinding and juicing apparatus according to the present invention, FIG. 14 is a perspective view showing a grinding cutter according to another embodiment of the present invention FIG. 8 is a perspective view showing a main part separated perspective view showing a structure of a grinding cutter, a grinding ring, and a grinding ring fastener which are essential parts of a cutting and grinding unit in the agricultural product grinding and juicing apparatus according to the present invention.
The grinding cutter 500 according to another embodiment as shown in FIGS. 13 and 14 is connected to the lower end of the cutter shaft 470 by a grinder cutter coupling 600 connected to the lower end of the cutter shaft 470 .
The grinding cutter 500 according to another embodiment of the present invention includes a connection hole 511 'inserted into the grinding cutter fastener 600 so as to be connected to the grinding cutter fastener 600 at the center so as to be fastened by the fastening member 550, A circular plate cutter 510 'having a fixing hole 512' formed at a predetermined interval along the connection hole 511 'and a circular cutter 510' And a slit 570 'formed to sink from the end to the center side by a predetermined depth.
The grinding cutter 500 including the disc cutter 510 'and the slit 570' described above is different from the embodiment described with reference to FIGS. 1 to 12 in that the structure of the guide bar 520 and the like is omitted And the manufacturing cost of the grinding cutter 500 can be reduced.
The grinding cutter 500, the grinding ring 700, and the grinding ring fastener 800, which are the essential parts of the cutting grinding unit 400 including the grinding cutter 500 according to another embodiment as described above, Are the same as the installation structure described with reference to Figs. 1 to 12, and thus description of such an installation structure will be omitted.
FIG. 15 is a perspective view showing another embodiment of a grinding cutter which is a main part of a cutting and grinding unit in the grinding and juicing apparatus for agricultural produce according to the present invention, FIG. 16 is a perspective view of a grinding cutter according to another embodiment FIG. 7 is a perspective view showing a main part separated perspective view showing a structure of a grinding cutter, a grinding ring, and a grinding ring fastener which are essential parts of a cutting and grinding unit in a pulverizing and juicing apparatus for agricultural products according to the invention.
The grinding cutter 500 according to another embodiment as shown in FIGS. 15 and 16 is connected to the lower end of the cutter shaft 470 by a grinder cutter coupling 600 connected to the lower end of the cutter shaft 470 .
The grinding cutter 500 according to another embodiment of the present invention includes a connection hole 511 "inserted into the grinding cutter fastener 600 and inserted into the grinding cutter fastener 600 at its center so as to be fastened by the fastening member 550, Is formed at a predetermined interval in the circumferential direction of the circular cutter 510 ". The circular cutter 510 "having the fixing holes 512 " formed at regular intervals along the connection hole 511" And a crushing blade 580 'protruding upward from the upper surface of the slit 570' at a predetermined depth from the end of the slit 570 ', corresponding to the length of the slit 570'.
The crushing cutter 500 including the crushing blade 580 " protruding upward from the upper surface of one side of the disk cutter 510 "and the slit 570 " The slits 570 " are formed on the slits 570 " so that the agricultural products to be pulverized through the slits 570 "can be guided downward, thereby reliably preventing overloading.
The grinding cutter 500, the grinding ring 700, and the grinding ring fastener 800, which are the essential parts of the cutting grinding unit 400 including the grinding cutter 500 according to yet another embodiment as described above, The structure is the same as the installation structure described with reference to Figs. 1 to 12, and thus the description of the installation structure will be omitted.
According to the agricultural pulverizing and juicing apparatus of the present invention as described above, since the cutting and conveying unit 300, the cutting and crushing unit 400, the extrusion pipe 900, and the extrusion screw 990 are included, The milling operation can be performed together with the juicing operation so that the juicing operation can be easily performed even in the case of agricultural products for juicing.
The second cut product in the cutting and crushing unit 400 is transferred to the crushing blade 514 of the disc cutter 510 and the crushing blade 500 of the crushing ring 700 And is crushed by the male and female crushing blades 514 and 714, thereby providing excellent crushing power and improving productivity.
The grinding cutter 500 and the grinding ring 700 are fixed to the grinding cutter fixture 600 while the grinding ring 700 is engaged with the grinding ring fixture 800. Further, So that the maintenance of the apparatus can be easily performed.
7, a space is formed so that the male and female pulverizing blades 514 and 514 of the disk cutter 510 and the pulverizing ring 700 have a certain distance, so that the male pulverizing blade 514, And the arm crushing blade 714 are not in contact with each other and the metal powder is prevented from being generated by the contact.
While the present invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to exemplary embodiments thereof, the invention is not limited thereto. Various modifications may be made by those skilled in the art. Are included in the scope of the present invention.
100: mounting table 110:
130: a caster 140: a fixed foot
300: Cutting feed unit 310: Feed hopper
330: Driving part 350: Cutting feed screw
351: screw shaft 352: screw
400: Cutting crushing unit 410: Main housing
420: Fixing rod 430: Fixing lever
440: drive housing 441: upper housing
442: central housing 443: lower housing
444: Cleaning tool 445: Removable cap
451: upper mounting piece 452: lower mounting piece
453: upper fixing bracket 454: lower fixing bracket
455: Upper bearing 456: Lower bearing
460: drive motor 461: drive shaft
470: Cutter shaft 471: Cutter
472: Auxiliary cutter
500: Grinding cutter
510, 510 ', 510 ": disc cutter 511, 511', 511"
512, 512 ', 512 ": fastening hole 513: air outlet
514: male pulverizing blade 520: guide bar
550: fastening member 570 ', 570 ": slit
580 ": crushing blade
600: Mill cutter closure
700: crushing ring 714: arm crushing blade
800: milled ring binder
810: close contact 811:
820: Bonding piece 821: Exhaust hole
825: Finger rod 830: Fixing member
840: A coupling hole 841:
842: Bonding section 870: Discharge hopper
900: Extrusion tube 910:
920: transfer part 921: fastening pipe
930:
940: flange 950: connecting rod
960: nut 970: reinforcing rib
990: Extrusion screw 991: Shaft
991a: Expansion slope part 991b: Slant slope part
992: Spiral blade
900a: discharge housing 910a: discharge port

Claims (5)

  1. (100) in which a ground plate (110) protrudes from one side of a lower portion of the ground to allow the agricultural products to be crushed first and secondly and then crushed, The cutting hopper 310 is provided at an upper portion of one side of the feed hopper 310 and feeds the agricultural products to the hopper 310. The cut feed screw 350 is rotated by the driving unit 330, And a cutting conveying unit 300 connected to the cutting and conveying unit 300 to feed the agricultural products conveyed by the cutting and conveying screw 350. The cutting and conveying unit 300 is connected to the cutting and conveying unit 300, And a cutting and grinding unit (400) for grinding the grinding and milling unit,
    An inlet 910 having an upper portion opened to allow the agricultural product to flow in the lower portion of the cutting and crushing unit 400 and an inlet portion 910 installed at a lower portion of the cutting and crushing unit 400 to transport the agricultural product, The transfer part 920 and the discharge part 930 are divided into a tunnel part 920 and a funnel part discharge part 930 through which agricultural products are discharged. An extrusion pipe 900 having a flange 940 and a connecting rod 950 inserted through the flanges 940 and a nut 960 fastened to the front and rear ends of the connecting rod 950;
    An extrusion screw 990 having a spiral blade 992 formed on the outer surface of the shaft 991 and configured to pressurize agricultural produce inside the extrusion tube 900; And
    And an outlet 910a is provided at one side of the lower portion of the extrusion pipe 900 so as to pass through an extrusion screw 990 in the extrusion pipe 900 through the outlet 910a, And an outlet housing (900a) for discharging the juice to the outside,
    The cutting and milling unit 400 includes the cutting and conveying unit 300 and the cutting and conveying unit 350 in the main housing 410 provided at one side of the cutting and conveying unit 300, And a drive motor 460 is provided at an upper portion of the drive housing 440. The drive motor 460 is driven by the drive motor 460 and is driven by the drive motor 460, And a cutter shaft 470 connected to the lower end of the drive shaft 461. The cutter shaft 470 is provided on the outer surface of the cutter shaft 470 so as to surround a cutter 471, A crushing cutter 500 is connected to the lower end of the crushing cutter 500 and a crushing ring 700 is fixed to the main housing outside the lower end of the driving housing 440 by a crush ring binding hole 800, (Not shown)
    The crushing cutter 500 is connected to the lower end of the cutter shaft 470 by a crushing cutter coupling device 600 connected to the lower end of the cutter shaft 470. In the crushing cutter coupling device 600, A coupling hole 511 is formed at the center so as to be inserted into and connected to the crush cutter coupling hole 600 so that the coupling hole 512 is formed at a predetermined interval around the coupling hole 511 A disk cutter 510 having a ratchet-type male cutting blade 514 formed around the outer circumference of the disk cutter 510, and a disk cutter 510 having a predetermined length inwardly protruding upward from the outer side of the disk cutter 510, And a plurality of guide bars (520) provided on the guide bar (520).
  2. The method according to claim 1,
    The crush ring binding device 800 includes a close contact piece 810 which is in close contact with the bottom surface of the main housing 410 at the outer side of the lower end of the drive housing 440, (820)
    An air hole 811 corresponding to the crush ring 700 is formed at the center of the contact piece 810. The binding piece 820 is formed at the center of the crush cutter 500, 700 having an area smaller than that of the air hole 811 so that the crush ring 700 can be seated on the air hole 811, , And a discharge hopper (870) is provided in a shape of a lower light-tight shape from the lower edge of the discharge hole (821).
  3. 3. The method of claim 2,
    A fixing rod 420 is formed to protrude downward from the lower surface of the driving housing 440 along the lower end of the driving housing 440 on the bottom surface of the main housing 410, The fixing lever 430 ascending and descending by the rotation is screwed,
    The crush ring binding device 800 is configured such that the contact piece 810 and the binding piece 820 are tightly fixed to each other by the fixing member 830 and the ring 810 is formed along the periphery of the close contact piece 810 and the binding piece 820 The through hole 840 is formed at a predetermined interval,
    The crush ring binding port 800 is fixed to the bottom surface of the main housing 410 by rotation of the fixing lever 430 after the fixing rod 420 is inserted through the coupling hole 840. [ Of agricultural products.
  4. The method of claim 3,
    The coupling hole 840 has an insertion portion 841 having a diameter corresponding to the fixing lever 430 and a coupling portion 841 having a diameter corresponding to the fixing rod 420, (842). ≪ / RTI >
  5. 5. The method of claim 4,
    And a gripping rod (825) is further connected to both sides of the bottom of the binding piece (820).
KR1020150137256A 2015-09-30 2015-09-30 Device for pulverization and extraction of agricultural product KR101586465B1 (en)

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Cited By (8)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101789316B1 (en) * 2016-10-24 2017-10-23 양재희 Grinding apparatus having a multi-stage grinding structure
KR101789314B1 (en) * 2016-10-24 2017-10-23 양재희 Grinding apparatus having a multi-stage grinding and cyclone structure pulverized circulator
KR101791099B1 (en) * 2016-10-24 2017-10-27 제주삼다알로에 영농조합법인 Centrifugal Grinding Device Of Aloe Vera Gel
CN108325649A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-07-27 杨翠萍 A kind of circulating efficient livestock feed grinding device
CN108654798A (en) * 2018-04-30 2018-10-16 海宁市高级技工学校 A kind of broken discrete mechanical of continuous feed
CN108855415A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-11-23 芜湖市三山龙城新材料有限公司 Grinding device suitable for high elastic rubber coating material production
CN108855414A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-11-23 芜湖市三山龙城新材料有限公司 A kind of pulverizer of rubber coating production
WO2021054564A1 (en) * 2019-09-19 2021-03-25 주식회사 엘지화학 Fine-cutting apparatus for super absorbent polymer hydrogel

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KR20000009761A (en) 1998-07-28 2000-02-15 김몽필 Device for crushing agricultural product
KR101000100B1 (en) * 2008-08-29 2010-12-09 주식회사 케이티 Method to provide the used packet, server to provide the used packet, method to display the used packet and terminal to display the used packet
KR20120020547A (en) * 2010-08-30 2012-03-08 김옥희 Crushing apparatus for vegetables
KR200474413Y1 (en) * 2013-06-12 2014-09-17 서상운 Agricultural products extracting apparatus
KR20150053028A (en) * 2013-11-07 2015-05-15 서상운 Agricultural products extracting apparatus

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KR20000009761A (en) 1998-07-28 2000-02-15 김몽필 Device for crushing agricultural product
KR101000100B1 (en) * 2008-08-29 2010-12-09 주식회사 케이티 Method to provide the used packet, server to provide the used packet, method to display the used packet and terminal to display the used packet
KR20120020547A (en) * 2010-08-30 2012-03-08 김옥희 Crushing apparatus for vegetables
KR200474413Y1 (en) * 2013-06-12 2014-09-17 서상운 Agricultural products extracting apparatus
KR20150053028A (en) * 2013-11-07 2015-05-15 서상운 Agricultural products extracting apparatus

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101789316B1 (en) * 2016-10-24 2017-10-23 양재희 Grinding apparatus having a multi-stage grinding structure
KR101789314B1 (en) * 2016-10-24 2017-10-23 양재희 Grinding apparatus having a multi-stage grinding and cyclone structure pulverized circulator
KR101791099B1 (en) * 2016-10-24 2017-10-27 제주삼다알로에 영농조합법인 Centrifugal Grinding Device Of Aloe Vera Gel
CN108325649A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-07-27 杨翠萍 A kind of circulating efficient livestock feed grinding device
CN108654798A (en) * 2018-04-30 2018-10-16 海宁市高级技工学校 A kind of broken discrete mechanical of continuous feed
CN108855415A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-11-23 芜湖市三山龙城新材料有限公司 Grinding device suitable for high elastic rubber coating material production
CN108855414A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-11-23 芜湖市三山龙城新材料有限公司 A kind of pulverizer of rubber coating production
WO2021054564A1 (en) * 2019-09-19 2021-03-25 주식회사 엘지화학 Fine-cutting apparatus for super absorbent polymer hydrogel

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