KR101557753B1 - System for supplying hot water using solar enegy - Google Patents

System for supplying hot water using solar enegy Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101557753B1
KR101557753B1 KR1020140004423A KR20140004423A KR101557753B1 KR 101557753 B1 KR101557753 B1 KR 101557753B1 KR 1020140004423 A KR1020140004423 A KR 1020140004423A KR 20140004423 A KR20140004423 A KR 20140004423A KR 101557753 B1 KR101557753 B1 KR 101557753B1
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
hot water
pipe
water supply
solar
temperature
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KR1020140004423A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20150084424A (en
Inventor
김순기
배내수
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주식회사 경동나비엔
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

An object of the present invention is to provide a solar hot water system in which a hot water supply temperature is uniformly maintained at a time of switching from solar hot water supply to boiler hot water supply in a solar hot water supply device so that stable hot water supply is achieved.
The present invention relates to a solar collector (100); A heat medium circulation pipe 200 through which the heat medium is circulated by connecting the outlet side and the inlet side of the solar collector 100; A heat storage tank 300 in which heat exchange is performed between the heating medium heated by the solar heat and the hot water accommodated therein; A hot water supply unit 400 for supplying the hot water of the thermal storage tank 300 to the power reception side 450; And a boiler 500 for auxiliary heating and supplying hot water of the thermal storage tank 300 when the hot water temperature of the thermal storage tank 300 is lower than a set temperature, A hot water discharge pipe 410 connected to an upper part of the solar water heater 300 and discharging hot water from the thermal storage tank 300; a water heater 450 connected to the water heater 450 by branching to one side of the solar hot water discharge pipe 410, A first connection pipe 470 branched to the other side of the solar hot water discharge pipe 410 and connected to an inlet of the boiler 500, And a second connection pipe 480 connecting the hot water supply pipe 420 at an outlet of the heat pump 500 and the outlet of the anisotropic valve 430.

Description

SYSTEM FOR SUPPLYING HOT WATER USING SOLAR ENGY
The present invention relates to a solar hot water system, and more particularly, to a solar hot water system, and more particularly, to a hot water supply system using a solar heat. To a solar hot water system.
As is well known, hot water systems used for heating and hot water supply have been developed in the form of boiler systems using fuel such as briquette, oil, gas and electricity. However, a hot water system using solar energy is being developed as a means of depletion of fossil fuels and securing alternative energy resources, which are getting worse.
FIG. 1 is a view illustrating a state of supplying hot water using solar heat when the solar heat energy is sufficient in the solar hot water system according to the related art. FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating a state in which the hot water supply state Fig.
The solar hot water system according to the related art includes a solar heat collector 10, a heat medium circulation pipe 20 through which the heat medium circulating therethrough is circulated, a heat exchanger 30 through which the heat medium circulation pipe 20 passes, A hot water circulation pipe 50 installed in the heat storage tank 40 so that the hot water in the heat storage tank 40 passes through the inside of the heat exchanger 30 and exchanges heat with the heating medium, A boiler 70 for heating and supplying the hot water in the heat storage tank 40 when the solar energy is lacking, and a controller 70 for controlling the overall operation of the hot water system, (80).
The solar collector (10) is provided with a collector temperature sensor (11), an air valve for separating the heat medium from the water, and a safety valve for maintaining an appropriate pressure.
The heat medium circulation pipe (20) is provided with a heat medium circulation pump (21) for pressure feeding the heat medium to circulate the heat medium and an expansion tank (22) for absorbing the pressure change of the heat medium. A heat medium replenishing pipe 24 connected to the heat medium replenishing tank 23 is branched at one side of the heat medium circulation pipe 20 and a heat medium replenishing pump 25 . The heat medium circulation pipe 20 is provided with a pressure gauge, a thermometer for measuring the temperature of the heat medium before and after the passage of the heat exchanger 20, and various valves for interrupting the flow of the heat medium.
The heat medium circulation pipe 20 and the hot water circulation pipe 50 pass through the inside of the heat exchanger 30 and the heat medium flowing along the inside of the heat medium circulation pipe 20 and the inside of the hot water circulation pipe 50 A heat transfer fluid for heat exchange is filled between the hot water flowing.
The storage tank 40 is provided with a storage tank upper temperature sensor 41 and a storage tank lower temperature sensor 42 for sensing the temperature of the hot water located in the upper and lower parts. A direct water supply pipe 43 is provided below the storage tank 40, And the drain pipe 44 are connected to each other. The thermal storage tank 40 is provided with a pressure gauge, a thermometer, and a safety valve.
The hot water circulation pipe 50 is provided with a hot water circulation pump 51 for feeding the hot water stored in the heat storage tank 40 to circulate along the hot water circulation pipe 50 and a hot water circulating pump 51 for circulating hot water before and after passing through the heat exchanger 20 A thermometer for measurement, and various valves for interrupting the flow of hot water.
One end of the hot water supply pipe 60 is connected to an upper portion of the heat storage tank 40 and extends to the power reception 62. The hot water supply pipe 60 is connected to an inlet of the boiler 70 and a direct water supply pipe 43 A first connecting pipe 71 is installed and a second connecting pipe 72 is installed between the outlet of the boiler 70 and the hot water supply pipe 60. A three-way valve 61 for switching the flow path of hot water is provided at a branch point where the hot water supply pipe 60 and the first connection pipe 71 meet.
When the temperature difference between the temperature measured by the collector temperature sensor 11 and the temperature of the hot water measured by the regenerator bottom temperature sensor 42 is equal to or higher than the set temperature difference, the control unit 80 controls the heating medium circulation pump 21, Way valve 61 and controls whether the boiler 70 is operated or not by comparing the temperature measured by the temperature sensor 41 with the set temperature value.
When the temperature measured by the temperature sensor on the storage tank 41 is equal to or higher than the set temperature value, the controller 80 determines that the temperature of the hot water stored in the thermal storage tank 40 has sufficient thermal energy to use hot water Way valve 61 is operated so that the hot water discharged from the thermal storage tank 40 passes through the hot water supply pipe 60 as it is and is supplied to the power reception 62 as indicated by an arrow in FIG. Control to stop the operation. The hot water heated in the thermal storage tank 40 is supplied to the water supply 62 through the hot water supply pipe 60 and the first connection pipe 71 is connected to the boiler 70 and the second connection The water in the pipe 72 remains at a low temperature.
Alternatively, when the temperature measured by the accumulator over-temperature sensor 41 is lower than the set temperature value, the controller 80 may store thermal energy that is insufficient to use hot water stored in the thermal accumulator 40 as hot water The hot water discharged from the thermal storage tank 40 flows through the first connection pipe 71 and the boiler 70 and the second connection pipe 72 to the power reception 62, Way valve 61 so that the boiler 70 is ignited. Accordingly, the temperature of the hot water, which is insufficient only by the solar heat energy, is raised after being heated by heat exchange in the boiler (70).
However, in the conventional solar hot water system configured as described above, when the hot water supply is switched to the boiler hot water supply due to the shortage of the solar energy in the solar hot water supply, the first connection pipe 71, the boiler 70, The water in the low temperature state remaining in the channel of the boiler 70 is discharged through the water receiver 62. Therefore, during the time from when the remaining low temperature water is discharged and the hot water heated by the boiler 70 is supplied There is a problem that stable hot water supply can not be performed because low temperature water is supplied as hot water.
Prior arts that utilize a boiler as an auxiliary heat source in the case of lack of solar energy are disclosed in Korean Patent No. 10-1054503 and Korean Patent No. 10-1168542. However, in these prior art documents, There is no configuration for solving the unstable supply problem of the hot water temperature generated when the boiler is switched to the hot water supply.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the present invention to provide a solar hot water supply system capable of supplying hot water in a stable manner by maintaining the hot water supply temperature uniformly at the time of switching from the solar hot water supply to the boiler hot water supply in the solar hot water supply apparatus. The present invention has been made in view of the above problems.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a solar hot water system comprising: a solar collector (100) for collecting solar heat and heating a heat medium; A heat medium circulation pipe 200 connecting the outlet side and the inlet side of the solar collector 100 to constitute a closed circuit through which the heat medium circulates; A heat storage tank (300) having a part of the heat medium circulation pipe (200) passing through the inside thereof and performing heat exchange between the heating medium heated by the solar heat and the hot water accommodated therein; A regenerator upper temperature sensor 310 for detecting the temperature of the hot water stored in the upper portion of the regenerator 300; A hot water supply unit 400 for supplying the hot water of the thermal storage tank 300 to the power reception side 450; And a boiler 500 for auxiliary heating and supplying hot water of the thermal storage tank 300 when the hot water temperature of the thermal storage tank 300 is lower than a set temperature, A hot water supply pipe 420 branched from the solar hot water supply pipe 410 and connected to the water supply unit 450; and a hot water supply pipe 420 connected to the hot water supply pipe 410, An anisotropic valve 430 installed in a channel of the hot water supply pipe 420 at a position spaced apart from the connection part between the solar hot water discharge pipe 410 and the hot water supply pipe 420 for controlling the flow of hot water, A first connection pipe 470 branching from the hot water discharge pipe 410 to the other side and connected to an inlet of the boiler 500; a first connection pipe 470 branched from the outlet of the boiler 500 and the outlet side of the anisole valve 430; The hot water supply pipe (420) This is configured to include a second connector 480 for connecting.
The second connecting pipe 480 is provided with a check valve 490 for allowing hot water flow in the direction from the outlet of the boiler 500 toward the hot water supply pipe 420 while blocking hot water flow in the opposite direction, May be provided.
When the temperature detected by the temperature sensor 310 is higher than the set temperature, the control unit controls the combustion of the boiler 500 to be stopped and controls the anisotropic valve 430 to open so that the hot water When the temperature detected by the regenerator over-temperature sensor 310 is lower than the set temperature, the first gaseous refrigerant gas flows through the first connection pipe 470, the boiler 500 and the second connection pipe 480, And a controller 600 controlling the valve 430 to close and controlling the boiler 500 to be ignited.
The hot water accommodated in the thermal storage tank 300 flows through the hot water supply pipe 410 and the hot water supply pipe 420 and flows into the water receiving pipe 450. In the case where the temperature detected by the temperature sensor 310 is above the predetermined temperature, The boiler 500, the second connecting pipe 480 and the hot water supply pipe 420. The hot water is supplied to the hot water discharge pipe 410, the first connecting pipe 470, the boiler 500, the second connecting pipe 480, And may be supplied to the power receiver 450 via a power line.
The hot water stored in the thermal storage tank 300 flows into the boiler 500 via the solar hot water discharge pipe 410 and the first connection pipe 470 when the temperature detected by the temperature sensor on the storage tank 310 is lower than the set temperature. And is heated by the heat exchange in the boiler 500 and then supplied to the power receiver 450 via the second connection pipe 480 and the hot water supply pipe 420.
A direct water supply pipe 330 supplemented with direct water is connected to the lower part of the thermal storage tank 300 and a bypass pipe 460 branched to the hot water supply pipe 420 is connected to the direct water supply pipe 330, A mixing valve 440 may be provided at a connection portion between the path pipe 460 and the hot water supply pipe 420.
According to the solar hot water system of the present invention, an anisotropic valve is provided on a duct of a hot water supply pipe branched to one side of a solar hot water discharge pipe and connected by a water supply. On the other side of the solar hot water discharge pipe, A second connection pipe is connected between the outlet of the boiler and the outlet of the one-way valve, and the second connection pipe is connected between the outlet of the boiler and the hot water supply pipe, The hot water supply temperature can be uniformly maintained at the time of switching to the boiler hot water supply during the solar hot water supply so that the hot water supply can be stably performed.
FIG. 1 is a view showing a state of supplying hot water using solar heat when solar heat energy is sufficient in a solar hot water system according to the related art,
FIG. 2 is a view showing a state of supplying hot water using a boiler when solar heat energy is lacking in the solar hot water system according to the related art,
FIG. 3 is a diagram showing a state of supplying hot water using solar heat when solar heat energy is sufficient in the solar hot water system according to the present invention,
FIG. 4 is a view showing a state of supplying hot water using a boiler when the solar heat energy is lacking in the solar hot water system according to the present invention;
5 is a control block diagram of a solar hot water system according to the present invention.
6 is a graph showing a state of supplying hot water when switching from solar hot water supply to boiler hot water supply in the solar hot water system according to the related art,
7 is a graph showing a state of supplying hot water when the solar hot water supply is switched to the boiler hot water supply in the solar hot water system according to the present invention.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 3 is a view showing the state of supplying hot water using solar heat when the solar heat energy is sufficient in the solar hot water system according to the present invention, FIG. 4 is a view showing a state of supplying hot water using the boiler when the solar heat energy is lacking in the solar hot water system according to the present invention FIG. 5 is a control block diagram of a solar hot water system according to the present invention.
A solar hot water system according to the present invention includes a solar heat collector 100, a heat medium circulation pipe 200 connecting the outlet side and the inlet side of the solar collector 100 to constitute a closed circuit through which the heat medium circulates, The hot water of the thermal storage tank 300 is supplied to the water tank 450 side when hot water is used. The hot water is heated by the solar heating water, A boiler 500 for supplementarily heating and supplying the hot water of the thermal storage tank 300 when the temperature of the hot water stored in the thermal storage tank 300 is lower than a temperature suitable for hot water use, And a control unit 600 for controlling the overall operation.
The solar collector 100 collects solar heat and transfers solar heat to a heating medium passing through the inside of the solar collector 100. A collector temperature sensor 110 for sensing the temperature of the heating medium heated by solar heat is provided on the discharge side.
The heat medium circulation pipe 200 includes a heating medium discharge pipe 200a connected to one end of a heat exchange pipe 200b passing through the inside of the heat storage tank 300 at the outlet side of the solar collector 100, And a heating medium return pipe 200c connected to the other end of the solar collector 100 and the inlet side of the solar collector 100. [
The heat medium return pipe 200c is provided with a heat medium circulation pump 210 that pressurizes and conveys the heat medium to circulate the heat medium, an expansion tank 220 for absorbing the pressure change of the heat medium, A pressure sensor 230 is provided. A heat medium replenishing pipe 250 connected to the heat medium replenishing tank 240 branches to one side of the heat medium reductant pipe 200c and a heat medium replenishing pump 260 . A discharge pipe 270 branched to be connected to the heating medium replenishing tank 240 is connected to the heating medium discharging pipe 200a and a safety valve 271 is installed in the discharging pipe 270 to prevent an abrupt pressure rise of the heating medium. do. A bypass pipe 290 connected to the three-way valve 280 is installed in the heating medium discharge pipe 200a and a radiator 291 may be installed in the bypass pipe 290. [ have.
The storage tank 300 is provided with a storage tank upper temperature sensor 310 and a storage tank lower temperature sensor 320 for sensing the temperature of the hot water located at the upper and lower portions. The regenerator upper temperature sensor 310 senses the maximum temperature of the hot water stored in the regenerator 300 and the temperature sensor 320 senses the lowest temperature of the hot water stored in the regenerator 300. A direct water supply pipe 330 is connected to the lower part of the thermal storage tank 300. In addition, a safety valve 340 and a drain pipe 350 may be provided at one side of the heat storage tank 300 to discharge the heated steam and hot water so that the pressure of the storage tank 300 can be appropriately maintained.
The hot water supply unit 400 includes a solar hot water discharge pipe 410 connected to an upper part of the thermal storage tank 300 to discharge hot water from the thermal storage tank 300 and a hot water discharge pipe 410 branched to one side from the solar hot water discharge pipe 410, The hot water supply pipe 420 is connected to the hot water supply pipe 420 and the hot water supply pipe 420. The hot water supply pipe 420 is connected to the hot water supply pipe 420, A first connection pipe 470 branched to the other side of the solar hot water discharge pipe 410 and connected to an inlet of the boiler 500 and a second connection pipe 470 connected to the outlet of the boiler 500 and the anisotropic valve 430 And a second connection pipe 480 connecting between the hot water supply pipes 420 at a position spaced apart from the outlet side of the hot water supply pipe 420.
The second connecting pipe 480 is provided with a check valve 490 for allowing hot water flow in the direction from the outlet of the boiler 500 toward the hot water supply pipe 420 while blocking hot water flow in the opposite direction, .
A bypass pipe 460 branched to the hot water supply pipe 420 is connected to the direct water supply pipe 330 and a mixed flow quantity of hot water and direct water is connected to the connection portion of the bypass pipe 460 and the hot water supply pipe 420 And a mixing valve 440 for adjusting the temperature of the hot water discharged through the water heater 450 to a temperature set by the temperature controller 540.
The boiler 500 is used for heating the hot water flowing through the first connection pipe 470 from the heat storage tank 300 and supplying the heated hot water through the second connection pipe 480 when the solar energy is insufficient, In this case, the heating water supply pipe 510 to which the heated water is supplied to the heating load 530 and the heating water supply pipe 510 to which the heating water is passed through the heating load 530 are used as heat sources, (520) are connected.
The control unit 600 controls the heating medium circulation pump 210 to be operated when the temperature difference between the temperature measured by the collector temperature sensor 110 and the temperature of the hot water measured by the storage tank lower sensor 320 is equal to or greater than the set temperature difference . The control unit 600 compares the measured temperature with the temperature measured by the regenerator over-temperature sensor 310 and controls the opening and closing operations of the anisotropic valve 430 and the ignition operation of the burner provided in the boiler 500. The control unit 600 controls the opening degree of the mixing valve 440 so that the hot water of the temperature set by the user is supplied from the temperature controller 540. When the pressure of the heating medium detected by the pressure sensor 230 is lower than the set pressure It is determined that the flow rate of the heat medium is insufficient and the heat medium replenishing pump 260 is controlled to operate.
Referring to FIG. 3, when the temperature detected by the temperature sensor on the heat accumulation tank 310 is equal to or higher than the preset temperature, the controller 600 controls the opening of the oxygen valve 430. In this case, the hot water stored in the thermal storage tank 300 is supplied to the power receiver 450 via the solar hot water discharge pipe 410 and the hot water supply pipe 420 as indicated by a solid line arrow in FIG. 3, A part of the hot water stored in the thermal storage tank 300 passes through the solar hot water discharge pipe 410, the first connecting pipe 470, the boiler 500, the second connecting pipe 480 and the hot water supply pipe 420, (Not shown).
When the solar heat energy is sufficient as the heat source for supplying the hot water, the hot water stored in the thermal storage tank 300 is discharged through the solar hot water discharge pipe 410 while the combustion of the boiler 500 is stopped, The hot water of the first connection pipe 470 is connected to the hot water supply pipe 420 via the first connection pipe 470 and the boiler 500 and the second connection pipe 480, The hot water supplied from the heat storage tank 300 is circulated inside the boiler 500 and the second connection pipe 480, thereby preventing the temperature of the remaining water from being lowered unlike the prior art.
4, when the temperature detected by the temperature sensor 310 is lower than the set temperature, the control unit 600 controls the oxygen valve 430 to be closed so that the hot water supply is switched to the boiler hot water supply Respectively.
In this case, the hot water stored in the thermal storage tank 300 flows into the boiler 500 via the solar hot water discharge pipe 410 and the first connection pipe 470 as indicated by an arrow in FIG. 4, And is then supplied to the power receiver 450 via the second connection pipe 480 and the hot water supply pipe 420.
As described above, in the present invention, in the case of switching from the solar hot water supply to the boiler hot water supply, the inside of the first connection pipe 470, the boiler 500 and the second connection pipe 480 is heated It is possible to solve the problem that the hot water supply temperature becomes unstable due to the lowering of the temperature of the water remaining in the prior art.
Hereinafter, results of a comparative experiment on the supply status of hot water when switching from the solar hot water supply to the boiler hot water supply in the solar hot water system according to the prior art and the solar hot water system according to the present invention will be presented.
FIG. 6 is a graph showing the state of supplying hot water when switching from solar hot water supply to boiler hot water supply in the solar hot water system according to the related art, FIG. 7 is a graph showing the transition from solar hot water supply to boiler hot water supply in the solar hot water system according to the present invention. This graph shows the state of the hot water supply at the time of day.
6, the experimental conditions of the solar hot water system according to the related art are as follows: the temperature of the upper part of the storage tank is set at 50 ° C, the temperature of the lower part of the storage tank is set at 11 ° C, the temperature of the outside temperature is set at 15.4 ° C, The hot water flow rate was set to be constant. In the graph, the heat capacity represents the combustion heat capacity of the boiler.
During the initial 6 minutes of solar hot water supply, hot water of average temperature 48 ° C was supplied to the storage tank, and average temperature 40.2 ° C (maximum temperature: 48.1 ° C, minimum temperature: 26.8 ° C) for 30 seconds converted from solar hot water to boiler hot water, The temperature difference between the maximum temperature and the minimum temperature is 21.3 ° C.
The temperature difference between the maximum temperature and the minimum temperature was supplied to the boiler at an average temperature of 48.2 ° C (maximum temperature: 49.1 ° C, minimum temperature: 46.6 ° C), and the boiler had a temperature of 50 ° C (ON) and controlled to be turned OFF at 60 DEG C (OFF). The boiler was repeatedly turned on / off 6 times after ignition and the minimum amount of heat was supplied up to 24 minutes (the direct temperature of the boiler: 19 ℃) and then the maximum amount of heat was supplied to 39%.
As shown in the graph, the temperature of the hot water is supplied with a large deviation in a period (30 seconds) during which the hot water supply from the solar hot water supply is switched to the hot water supply to the boiler hot water. And the low temperature water remaining in the pipe in the section between the second connection pipes is supplied.
7, the experimental conditions of the solar hot water system according to the present invention are as follows: the upper temperature of the storage tank 300 is 61 ° C, the lower temperature of the storage tank 300 is 35 ° C, the outside temperature is 18.9 ° C, 540 was set to 50 ° C, the hot water flow rate was set to be constantly supplied, and the anisotropic valve 430 was set to open after being closed for 20 minutes.
In the initial stage of the solar hot water supply, the temperature of the water entering the boiler 500 and the temperature of the water discharged from the boiler 500 were measured at 2 캜 and 8 캜, respectively, while the boiler 500 was not ignited, And increased to 45 ° C and 36.5 ° C, respectively.
During the initial 20 minutes of the supply of the solar hot water, hot water having an average temperature of 47.3 ° C was supplied to the storage tank 300, and an average temperature of 46.6 ° C (maximum temperature: 48 ° C, minimum temperature: 46 ℃). The temperature difference between the maximum temperature and the minimum temperature showed a difference of 2 ℃, and hot water with an average temperature of 46.8 ℃ was supplied after 20 minutes.
As described above, in the solar hot water system according to the present invention, the first connection pipe 470, the boiler 500, and the second connection pipe 480 are connected to each other even during the period of switching from the solar hot water supply to the boiler hot water supply The temperature difference can be minimized before and after switching to the hot water supply to the boiler so that the hot water of uniform temperature can be stably supplied .
10: Solar collector 11: Collector temperature sensor
20: Heat medium circulation pipe 21: Heat medium circulation pump
22: expansion tank 23: heating medium supplement tank
24: Heat medium replenishment pipe 25: Heat medium replenishment pump
30: heat exchanger 40: heat storage tank
41: Temperature sensor on the upper part of the storage tank 42: Temperature sensor on the lower part of the storage tank
43: direct water supply pipe 44: water pipe
50: hot water circulation pipe 51: hot water circulation pump
60: hot water supply pipe 61: three-way valve
62: Faucet 70: Boiler
71: first connection pipe 72: second connection pipe
80: control unit 100: solar collector
110: Collector temperature sensor 200: Heat medium circulation tube
210: heat medium circulation pump 220: expansion tank
230: Pressure sensor 240: Heat medium replenishment tank
250: Heat medium replenishment pipe 260: Heat medium replenishment pump
270: discharge pipe 271: safety valve
280: Three-way valve 290: Bypass pipe
291: Radiator 300: Heat storage tank
310: Temperature sensor at the upper part of the storage tank 320: Temperature sensor at the lower part of the storage tank
330: Direct water supply pipe 340: Safety valve
350: Water pipe 400: Hot water supply part
410: Solar hot water discharge pipe 420: Hot water pipe
430: anisotropic valve 440: mixing valve
450: faucet 460: bypass pipe
470: first connector 480: second connector
490: Check valve 500: Boiler
510: Heating supply pipe 520: Heat recovery pipe
530: Heating load 540: Temperature controller
600:

Claims (6)

  1. A solar collector 100 for collecting solar heat and heating the heat medium;
    A heat medium circulation pipe 200 connecting the outlet side and the inlet side of the solar collector 100 to constitute a closed circuit through which the heat medium circulates;
    A heat storage tank (300) having a part of the heat medium circulation pipe (200) passing through the inside thereof and performing heat exchange between the heating medium heated by the solar heat and the hot water accommodated therein;
    A regenerator upper temperature sensor 310 for detecting the temperature of the hot water stored in the upper portion of the regenerator 300;
    A hot water supply unit 400 for supplying the hot water of the thermal storage tank 300 to the power reception side 450; And
    And a boiler (500) for supplementarily heating and supplying hot water of the thermal storage tank (300) when the hot water temperature of the thermal storage tank (300) is lower than a set temperature,
    The hot water supply unit (400)
    A hot water discharge pipe 410 connected to an upper part of the thermal storage tank 300 to discharge hot water from the thermal storage tank 300 and a hot water supply pipe 410 branched to the one side of the hot water discharge pipe 410, An anisotropic valve 430 installed in a channel of the hot water supply pipe 420 at a position spaced apart from a connection part between the solar hot water discharge pipe 410 and the hot water supply pipe 420 for controlling the flow of hot water, A first connection pipe 470 branching from the solar hot water discharge pipe 410 to the other side and connected to an inlet of the boiler 500 and a second connection pipe 460 branched from the outlet of the boiler 500 and the outlet side of the anisotropic valve 430 And a second connection pipe (480) connecting between the hot water supply pipes (420) at the separated points,
    When the temperature detected by the temperature sensor 310 is higher than the set temperature, the control unit controls the combustion of the boiler 500 to be stopped and controls the anisotropic valve 430 to open so that the hot water When the temperature detected by the regenerator over-temperature sensor 310 is lower than the set temperature, the first gaseous refrigerant gas flows through the first connection pipe 470, the boiler 500 and the second connection pipe 480, Further comprising a controller (600) for controlling the valve (430) to close and for controlling the boiler (500) to be ignited.
  2. The method according to claim 1,
    The second connecting pipe 480 is provided with a check valve 490 for allowing hot water flow in the direction from the outlet of the boiler 500 toward the hot water supply pipe 420 while blocking hot water flow in the opposite direction, Wherein the solar water heating system comprises:
  3. delete
  4. The method according to claim 1,
    The hot water accommodated in the thermal storage tank 300 flows through the hot water supply pipe 410 and the hot water supply pipe 420 and flows into the water receiving pipe 450. In the case where the temperature detected by the temperature sensor 310 is above the predetermined temperature, The boiler 500, the second connecting pipe 480 and the hot water supply pipe 420. The hot water is supplied to the hot water discharge pipe 410, the first connecting pipe 470, the boiler 500, the second connecting pipe 480, (450). ≪ RTI ID = 0.0 > [0002] < / RTI >
  5. The method according to claim 1,
    The hot water stored in the thermal storage tank 300 flows into the boiler 500 via the solar hot water discharge pipe 410 and the first connection pipe 470 when the temperature detected by the temperature sensor on the storage tank 310 is lower than the set temperature. Is heated by the heat exchange in the boiler (500), and then supplied to the power receiver (450) via the second connection pipe (480) and the hot water supply pipe (420).
  6. The method according to claim 1,
    A direct water supply pipe 330 supplemented with direct water is connected to the lower part of the thermal storage tank 300 and a bypass pipe 460 branched to the hot water supply pipe 420 is connected to the direct water supply pipe 330, And a mixing valve (440) is provided at a connection portion between the path pipe (460) and the hot water supply pipe (420).
KR1020140004423A 2014-01-14 2014-01-14 System for supplying hot water using solar enegy KR101557753B1 (en)

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CN106765492A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-05-31 青海聚正新能源有限公司 All-in-one formula solar energy heating system
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