KR101553042B1 - Method for ultrasound diagnosis using volume data and apparatus thereto - Google Patents

Method for ultrasound diagnosis using volume data and apparatus thereto Download PDF

Info

Publication number
KR101553042B1
KR101553042B1 KR1020150062020A KR20150062020A KR101553042B1 KR 101553042 B1 KR101553042 B1 KR 101553042B1 KR 1020150062020 A KR1020150062020 A KR 1020150062020A KR 20150062020 A KR20150062020 A KR 20150062020A KR 101553042 B1 KR101553042 B1 KR 101553042B1
Authority
KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
volume
cross
image
diagnostic apparatus
dimensional
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020150062020A
Other languages
Korean (ko)
Other versions
KR20150058117A (en
Inventor
이진용
박성욱
장은정
Original Assignee
삼성메디슨 주식회사
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 삼성메디슨 주식회사 filed Critical 삼성메디슨 주식회사
Priority to KR1020150062020A priority Critical patent/KR101553042B1/en
Publication of KR20150058117A publication Critical patent/KR20150058117A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of KR101553042B1 publication Critical patent/KR101553042B1/en

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B8/00Diagnosis using ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic waves
    • A61B8/48Diagnostic techniques
    • A61B8/488Diagnostic techniques involving Doppler signals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B8/00Diagnosis using ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic waves
    • A61B8/06Measuring blood flow
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B8/00Diagnosis using ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic waves
    • A61B8/13Tomography
    • A61B8/14Echo-tomography
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B8/00Diagnosis using ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic waves
    • A61B8/44Constructional features of the ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic diagnostic device
    • A61B8/4444Constructional features of the ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic diagnostic device related to the probe
    • A61B8/445Details of catheter construction
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B8/00Diagnosis using ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic waves
    • A61B8/48Diagnostic techniques
    • A61B8/483Diagnostic techniques involving the acquisition of a 3D volume of data
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B8/00Diagnosis using ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic waves
    • A61B8/52Devices using data or image processing specially adapted for diagnosis using ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic waves
    • A61B8/5207Devices using data or image processing specially adapted for diagnosis using ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic waves involving processing of raw data to produce diagnostic data, e.g. for generating an image
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06TIMAGE DATA PROCESSING OR GENERATION, IN GENERAL
    • G06T7/00Image analysis
    • G06T7/20Analysis of motion

Abstract

An ultrasonic diagnostic method according to an embodiment of the present invention is characterized in that, based on color components of at least one sectional image cut in a predetermined direction from a three-dimensional image by three-dimensional volume data of a target object, Obtaining a sub volume; Determining a cell corresponding to the subvolume among a plurality of cells included in the transducer; Displaying the at least one cross-section image; Displaying each scan line illuminated by the determined cell on the at least one cross-sectional image; Displaying direction information of the scan line irradiated on a cross-sectional image corresponding to each of the scan lines; And placing the sample volume in the scan line to obtain a Doppler signal.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention [0001] The present invention relates to an ultrasound diagnostic apparatus,

And an ultrasonic diagnostic method and apparatus for diagnosing a target object using volume data. More specifically, it relates to a method and apparatus for measuring a Doppler signal and diagnosing an object by accurately setting the position of the sample volume in the volume data.

The ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus generates an ultrasonic signal using a probe for a predetermined region inside the object (generally, 20 kHz or more), and obtains an image of a region inside the object using the information of the reflected echo signal. In particular, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus is used for medical purposes such as the detection of foreign matter inside the object, the measurement and observation of the injury. Such an ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus is more stable than X-ray, is capable of displaying in real time, and is safe because there is no radiation exposure, so that it is widely used with other diagnostic apparatuses.

An image obtained through the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus (hereinafter, referred to as an ultrasound image) may be displayed in an ultrasound diagnostic apparatus, or may be stored in a storage medium and displayed on another image display apparatus. For example, the ultrasound image can be displayed on the screen in a reduced size on a mobile phone, a portable electronic device, a PDA (Personal Digital Assistant), or a tablet PC.

On the other hand, a Doppler mode (Doppler mode) for measuring a moving speed, a moving direction, a pressure, and the like of a target object at a specific position is performed based on the Doppler angle, which is an angle formed by the ultrasonic signal emitted from the transducer, The reliability of the system. That is, when the Doppler angle is 20 degrees or more, the accuracy of the information on the Doppler signal and the motion of the object to be measured is not high.

When the position of the sample volume for measuring the Doppler signal is determined in the two-dimensional sectional image, it is difficult to accurately set the position and angle of the sample volume. Accordingly, there is provided an ultrasonic diagnostic method and apparatus for efficiently and highly reliably acquiring a Doppler signal using volume data. The present invention also provides a computer-readable recording medium storing a program for causing a computer to execute the method.

According to one aspect, a sub volume to which a sample volume is to be positioned is acquired based on a color component of at least one sectional image cut in a predetermined direction from a three-dimensional image by three-dimensional volume data of the object ; Determining a cell corresponding to the subvolume among a plurality of cells included in the transducer; Displaying the at least one cross-section image; Displaying each scan line illuminated by the determined cell on the at least one cross-sectional image; Displaying direction information of the scan line irradiated on a cross-sectional image corresponding to each of the scan lines; And positioning the sample volume for acquiring a Doppler signal on the scan line.

Further, the subvolume may be determined based on a user input that selects any one of the positions on the cross-sectional image.

In addition, the determining may include determining at least one cell that has scanned the subvolume among the plurality of cells.

The positioning may further include positioning the sample volume based on a user input that selects any one of the positions of the scan lines.

The method may further include measuring a Doppler signal for the sample volume.

Further, the color component may include information on blood flow.

The method may further include generating the three-dimensional volume data using a matrix probe including the plurality of cells arranged according to two-dimensional coordinates.

The method may further include generating the 3D volume data by combining at least one volume data acquired according to a heartbeat cycle of the subject.

According to another aspect, there is provided a transducer for scanning an object; An image processing unit for generating at least one cross-sectional image of the three-dimensional volume data of the object cut in a predetermined direction; A display unit for displaying at least one cross-sectional image obtained from the three-dimensional volume data; A sub-volume extracting unit for acquiring a sub-volume on which the sample volume is to be positioned, based on the color component of the cross-sectional image; A cell determining unit determining a cell corresponding to the sub-volume among a plurality of cells included in the transducer; And a Doppler processing unit for positioning the sample volume for acquiring a Doppler signal on a scan line irradiated by the determined cell, wherein the display unit displays a scan on the at least one cross- And displays direction information of the scan line illuminated on the cross-sectional image corresponding to each of the scan lines.

Further, the subvolume may be determined based on a user input that selects any one of the positions on the cross-sectional image.

Also, the cell determining unit may determine at least one cell that scanned the subvolume among the plurality of cells.

The ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus may further include a user interface for receiving a user input for selecting a position of the scan line, and the Doppler processing unit may be configured to position the sample volume based on the user input. have.

The Doppler processor may measure a Doppler signal for the sample volume.

Further, the color component may include information on blood flow.

Also, the transducer may include a matrix probe including the plurality of cells arranged in two-dimensional coordinates, and the image processing unit may be configured to perform, based on the data obtained using the matrix probe, Three-dimensional volume data can be generated.

In addition, the image processor may combine at least one volume data acquired according to a heartbeat cycle of the object to generate the 3D volume data.

According to another aspect, there is provided a computer-readable recording medium recording a program for implementing the method.

The present invention may be readily understood by reference to the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings, in which reference numerals refer to structural elements.
The present invention may be readily understood by reference to the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings, in which reference numerals refer to structural elements.
1 is a block diagram showing the configuration of an ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.
2 is a block diagram showing the configuration of an ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.
3 is a flow chart illustrating an ultrasonic diagnostic method in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.
4 is a flow chart illustrating an ultrasound diagnostic method in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.
5 is a diagram showing an embodiment for acquiring a subvolume from volume data.
6 is a diagram illustrating an embodiment for determining a cell corresponding to a subvolume in a transducer.
Figure 7 is an illustration of an embodiment for placing a sample volume on a scan line.
8 is a diagram showing an embodiment for displaying volume data and a cross-sectional image.
9 is a diagram illustrating an embodiment of displaying a scan line and positioning a sample volume.

While the present invention has been described in connection with what is presently considered to be the most practical and preferred embodiment, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the disclosed embodiments. Also, in certain cases, there may be a term selected arbitrarily by the applicant, in which case the meaning thereof will be described in detail in the description of the corresponding invention. Therefore, the term used in the present invention should be defined based on the meaning of the term, not on the name of a simple term, but on the entire contents of the present invention.

When an element is referred to as "including" an element throughout the specification, it is to be understood that the element may include other elements as well, without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention. Also, the terms " part, "" module," and the like, which are described in the specification, refer to a unit for processing at least one function or operation, which may be implemented by hardware or software or by a combination of hardware and software.

In the following specification, "object" may mean a subject to be subjected to ultrasonic diagnosis. However, the "object" is not limited to the entire part of the examinee but may mean a part of the examinee, that is, a predetermined part or tissue, or blood. That is, the "object" may refer to a predetermined region that reflects the emitted ultrasonic signal. In addition, the testee is not limited to the body.

Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.

1 is a block diagram showing the configuration of an ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention. The ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 includes a transducer 110, an image processing unit 120, a sub-volume extracting unit 130, a cell determining unit 140, a Doppler processing unit 150, a display unit 160, , And a control unit 170. [ The configuration shown in FIG. 1 is only an embodiment, and the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 may further include other general configurations.

The ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 scans a target object to generate an ultrasound image. That is, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 emits an ultrasound signal to a target object through the transducer 110, receives an echo signal reflected from the target object, and generates an ultrasound image. The ultrasound image generated by the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 may include three-dimensional volume data as well as a two-dimensional image showing a cross section of the target object.

The ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 may be configured to display not only gray scale ultrasound images obtained by scanning an object in accordance with an A mode (amplitude mode), B mode (brirhgness mode), and M mode It is possible to generate a Doppler image that represents the movement of the object in color through the color information included in the data. The Doppler image generated by the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 may include at least one of a blood flow Doppler image (also referred to as a color Doppler image) representing blood flow and a tissue Doppler image representing tissue movement.

The ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 can directly acquire ultrasound images using the transducer 110 shown in FIG. 1, and can acquire ultrasound images and Doppler data from external devices through a communication unit (not shown) Or via a wired or wireless network. For example, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 may transmit various data, such as ultrasound images and Doppler data related to ultrasound images, to other devices in a hospital server or a cloud server through a Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS) .

The transducer 110 emits an ultrasonic signal to a target object and receives an echo signal reflected from the target object. That is, the transducer 110 may include a plurality of cells or elements for emitting and receiving ultrasound signals, and may be provided with a probe (not shown) together with a means for driving the transducer 110 . Meanwhile, the transducer 110 may acquire Doppler data indicating the motion of the object.

Meanwhile, the transducer 110 may scan a scan line through a steering process for one or more cells or elements. That is, the transducer 110 may focus the ultrasound signals emitted from at least one cell to form a beam, that is, a scan line, to the object. Accordingly, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 can know which of the plurality of scan lines included in the two-dimensional or three-dimensional ultrasonic image is the scan line by which cell or element. That is, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 can recognize the correspondence between arbitrary scan lines and the cells of the transducer 110.

According to one embodiment, the probe provided with the transducer 110 may include a matrix probe in which a plurality of cells are arranged according to two-dimensional coordinates. That is, the transducer 110 can emit and receive ultrasound signals for generating three-dimensional volume data using a plurality of cells.

According to another embodiment, the transducer 110 may scan an object according to the heartbeat period of the object. Accordingly, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 may combine one or more volume data obtained according to the heartbeat cycle to generate three-dimensional volume data.

The image processing unit 120 generates an ultrasound image and various kinds of graphic information based on the echo signals received from the object. For example, the image processing unit 120 may generate a two-dimensional ultrasound image or a three-dimensional ultrasound image based on three-dimensional volume data. In addition, the image processing unit 120 may generate a cross-sectional image by dividing the three-dimensional volume data. Further, the image processing unit 120 may generate a Doppler image based on the Doppler data acquired through the transducer 110.

Further, the image processing unit 120 may generate a scan line by at least one cell included in the transducer 110. That is, the image processing unit 120 may generate a scan line connecting an arbitrary position of the ultrasound image and the cells of the transducer. The image processing unit 120 will be described in detail with reference to FIG.

The sub-volume extracting unit 130 determines a sub-volume included in the ultrasound image generated by the image processing unit 120 and extracts the sub-volume. The subvolume may refer to a three-dimensional ultrasound image of a predetermined size generated from three-dimensional volume data. Alternatively, the subvolume may refer to a partial area of the two-dimensional ultrasound image.

On the other hand, the sub-volume extracting unit 130 can extract the sub-volume based on the color component of the volume data. That is, when the image processing unit 120 generates a Doppler image that is expressed in color based on Doppler data, the color component of the Doppler image may represent the motion of the blood or tissue as a target.

That is, the sub-volume extracting unit 130 can extract a sub-volume at a position indicating blood or tissue movement based on the color component included in the Doppler image. Further, the sub-volume extracting unit 130 may acquire the sub-volume based on the volume data or the color component of the cross-sectional image, and may acquire the sub-volume based on the user input received from the user. A specific embodiment for acquiring the subvolume will be described in Fig. 5 and Fig.

The cell determination unit 140 selects one or more cells among a plurality of cells or elements included in the transducer 110. [ That is, the cell determining unit 140 can select at least one cell corresponding to the subvolume extracted by the subvolume extracting unit 130 among a plurality of cells. That is, since the transducer 110 irradiates a scan line generated by steering a plurality of cells, the cell determining unit 140 determines at least one of the cells included in the transducer 110, The cell can be determined. A specific embodiment will be described with reference to FIG.

The Doppler processing unit 150 measures a Doppler signal indicative of a moving speed and a pressure at a specific position of a target object. That is, the Doppler processor 150 can position a sample volume for receiving a Doppler signal at a desired depth of the object through a PW mode (Pulsed Wave mode). Further, the Doppler processor 150 may measure the Doppler signal with respect to the position of the sample volume.

According to one embodiment, the Doppler processing unit 150 may position the sample volume on the scan line. That is, the Doppler processor 150 can position the sample volume at any one point on the scan line selected by the external input signal. A specific embodiment will be described with reference to FIG.

The display unit 160 displays various ultrasound images and information generated by the image processing unit 120. For example, the display unit 160 may display various types of data such as a sub-volume, a sample volume, a Doppler image, and a scan line on a screen, as well as two-dimensional or three-dimensional ultrasound images.

According to one embodiment, the display unit 160 may display a subvolume included in the three-dimensional volume data, and may also display a scan line that scans the determined subvolume. On the other hand, when the display unit 160 displays one or more cross-section images, the scan lines may be displayed for each cross-section image. This will be described in detail with reference to FIG.

The display unit 160 may include a liquid crystal display, a thin film transistor-liquid crystal display, an organic light-emitting diode, a flexible display, Dimensional display (3D display). In addition, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 may include two or more display units 160 according to the embodiment.

According to one embodiment, the display unit 160 may include a user input unit (not shown) for receiving an external input and a touch screen for forming a layer structure. That is, the display unit 160 may be used both as an output device and an input device, and the display unit 160 may receive a touch input using a stylus pen or a part of the body.

Also, as described above, when the display unit 160 forms a layer structure and is configured as a touch screen, the display unit 160 can detect a touch input position, an area, a touch pressure, and the like. In addition, the touch screen can detect a proximity touch as well as a real touch.

The controller 170 controls various components included in the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 as a whole. That is, the control unit 170 may control the image processing unit 120 to process the data acquired by the transducer 110 to generate an ultrasound image. Alternatively, the controller 170 may control the cell determining unit 140 to select cells corresponding to the sub-volume selected by the sub-volume extracting unit 130, or may display the scan lines for the selected sub- .

FIG. 2 is a block diagram specifically illustrating a configuration of an ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention. In the configuration shown in Fig. 2, the description of the parts overlapping with those in Fig. 1 will be omitted.

The image processing unit 120 may include an image generation module 122, a cross-sectional image generation module 124, and a scan line generation module 126. Hereinafter, each module included in the image processing unit 120 will be described in detail.

The image generation module 122 generates a two-dimensional ultrasound image or a three-dimensional ultrasound image based on the volume data. In addition, the image generation module 122 can generate Doppler images that are expressed in color as well as gray scale ultrasound images. That is, the image generation module 122 can generate a Doppler image using a color map in which the motion of the object and the hue are matched.

The cross-sectional image generation module 124 generates one or more cross-sectional images of the three-dimensional ultrasound image. That is, the cross-sectional image generation module 124 can generate a two-dimensional ultrasonic image in which volume data is cut in a predetermined direction.

On the other hand, the cross-sectional image may include at least one of an A cross-section according to an axial view of the object, a B cross-section according to a sagittal view, and a C cross-section according to a coronal view . Alternatively, the cross-sectional image generation module 124 may receive user input through the user interface 165 to select the location of the cross-section cutting the volume data, and obtain a cross-sectional image based on the user input.

The scan line generation module 126 generates a scan line to be inspected by one or more cells corresponding to the sub volume of the object. The generation of the scan line by the scan line generation module 126 means that the display unit 160 displays the scan line to be displayed by using the graphic data, unlike the case where the transducer 110 emits the ultrasound signal can do. When a plurality of ultrasound images are displayed on the screen, the scan line generation module 126 may generate a scan line to be displayed on each of the cross-sectional images.

The Doppler processing unit 150 may include a sample volume module 152 and a signal processing module 154. The sample volume module 152 positions the sample volume at a depth at which the Doppler signal is to be acquired. On the other hand, the sample volume module 152 can determine the position of the sample volume based on the external input signal received through the user interface 165. [ That is, when a user input for selecting any one of the positions of the scan lines is received, the sample volume module 152 can position the sample volume at the corresponding position.

The signal processing module 154 measures the Doppler signal for the located sample volume. That is, the signal processing module 154 can receive and analyze the information on the velocity, the moving direction, and the pressure of the moving object at the position where the sample volume is located.

The user interface 165 provides the user with various information related to the photographing and diagnosis of the object and receives a user input for controlling the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 from the user. That is, the user interface 165 may display information on an ultrasound image, a scan line, and the like on a screen, or may display a cross-sectional image of volume data on a screen. Meanwhile, the user interface 165 may be implemented in the display unit 160. That is, the user interface 165 for outputting the ultrasound image and various information may be included in the display unit 160.

The user interface 165 receives user input through various input means such as a mouse, a keyboard, a keypad, a touch pad, a touch screen, a trackball, can do. That is, the user interface 165 may receive a user input for controlling the operation of the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100, for example, the user interface 165 may select any one of the positions of the scan lines, Lt; RTI ID = 0.0 > a < / RTI >

The control unit 170 can also control the user interface 165 in addition to the contents described in Fig. That is, the control unit 170 may control various configurations to position the sample volume based on the user input received through the user interface 165, or to obtain a cross-sectional image.

Hereinafter, an ultrasonic diagnostic method for diagnosing a target object through volume data using the configuration included in the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 will be described with reference to FIGS. 3 and 4. FIG.

3 and 4 illustrate the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100, the transducer 110, the image processing unit 120, the sub-volume extracting unit 130, the cell determining unit 130, 140, Doppler processor 150, display 160, user interface 165, and controller 170. Therefore, even if omitted from the following description, it can be seen that the above description regarding the configurations shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 also applies to the flow charts shown in FIGS. 3 and 4. FIG.

3 is a flowchart illustrating an ultrasonic diagnostic method according to an embodiment of the present invention.

In step S310, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 acquires three-dimensional volume data. That is, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 scans an object to acquire volume data. On the other hand, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 may acquire volume data at a time through the matrix probe, while it may acquire three-dimensional volume data by combining data obtained by dividing the heartbeat cycle according to the heartbeat period of the object as described above .

On the other hand, in step S310, the volume data acquired by the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 may include a color component based on Doppler data. That is, the volume data can express blood flow or tissue movement in color, and the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 can acquire and display volume data including color components.

In step S330, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 acquires the subvolume included in the three-dimensional volume data. That is, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 can extract, from the volume data, a sub-volume for measuring the Doppler signal, based on the color component of the volume data.

Specifically, since the color component of the volume data indicates the motion of blood flow or tissue, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 can use the color component to determine the subvolume at which the sample volume for measuring the Doppler signal will be located. Meanwhile, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 can determine the subvolume using the color information of the cross-sectional image, and will be described in detail with reference to FIG.

According to one embodiment, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 may determine the subvolume based on user input. That is, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 may display a 3D ultrasound image including a color component on a screen, and determine a sub volume based on a user input for selecting a position in the 3D ultrasound image.

In step S350, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 determines a cell corresponding to the subvolume. That is, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 can determine one or more cells among the plurality of cells included in the transducer 110, which have scanned the subvolume obtained in step S330. Since the object is scanned by a beam focused through a steering process from a plurality of cells included in the transducer 110, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 can acquire information about a cell in which the position of the subvolume included in the volume data is scanned Can be obtained from the transducer 110 and the control unit 170.

In step S370, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 positions the sample volume on the scan line. That is, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 can position the sample volume on the scan line irradiated by the one or more cells determined in step S350. That is, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 can accurately position the sample volume for measuring the Doppler signal among the scan lines by the cell scanning the sub-volume obtained in step S330.

On the other hand, in step S370, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 can position the sample volume based on a user input for selecting any one position of the scan line. Following step S380, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 may measure a Doppler signal for the sample volume.

4 is a flow chart illustrating an ultrasound diagnostic method in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. In the flowchart shown in FIG. 4, the description of the contents overlapping with those described in FIG. 3 will be omitted.

In step S320, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 acquires a cross-sectional image from the three-dimensional volume data. That is, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 can acquire one or more sectional images of the 3D ultrasound image.

In step S320, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 can acquire a cross-sectional image based on the color component of the volume data. That is, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 can obtain at least one cross-sectional image that cuts an area or a space containing color components in the volume data. For example, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 can acquire at least one cross-sectional image of an A-section, a B-section, and a C-section for a region containing a color component in a three-dimensional ultrasound image.

On the other hand, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 may acquire at least one cross-sectional image based on user input. That is, when a user input for selecting the position of the cross-section from the user is received, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 can acquire one or more cross-sectional images based on the user's input.

In step S330, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 acquires the subvolume using the color component of at least one cross-section image. That is, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 can determine a subvolume for positioning the sample volume for measuring the movement of the object, based on the color components displayed on each of the cross-sectional images.

Alternatively, in step S330, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 may acquire the subvolume based on the user input for selecting the position of the subvolume. That is, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 may receive an input from the user to select any one of the positions on the cross-sectional image, and obtain a sub-volume based on the user input.

In step S350, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 determines one or more cells for the subvolume of step S330. That is, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 can determine one or more cells that have scanned a subvolume among a plurality of cells included in the transducer 110.

In step S360, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 displays a scan line by the determined cell. That is, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 may display the scan line scanned by the one or more cells determined in step S350 on the ultrasound image. For example, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 may display a scan line on volume data or on each of at least one cross-sectional image.

In step S370, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 places the sample volume on the scan line. 3, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 can position the sample volume based on a user input for selecting any one of the positions of the scan lines.

In step S380, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 measures a Doppler signal. That is, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 can measure the Doppler signal indicating the movement of the object at the position of the sample volume positioned at step S370.

5 is a diagram illustrating an embodiment of acquiring a subvolume in the 3D ultrasound image 500. FIG. The 3D ultrasound image 500 shown in FIG. 5 may include a color area 505 that represents the movement of the object in color. That is, the color area 505 is an area including a color component for expressing blood flow or tissue movement appearing in the three-dimensional ultrasound image 500.

5, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 acquires the sub-volume 510 using the color components of the three-dimensional ultrasound image 500. FIG. That is, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 can acquire the sub volume 510 as a candidate area for positioning the sample volume. The ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 may acquire a sub volume 510 included in the color area 505 of the 3D ultrasound image 500 using the color components of the 3D ultrasound image 500 .

Meanwhile, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 may acquire the sub-volume 510 using one or more cross-sectional images that cut the 3D ultrasound image 500 in a predetermined direction. The present embodiment is described in detail with reference to FIG. 8 do.

6 is a diagram illustrating an embodiment for determining a cell corresponding to a subvolume in a transducer. When the sub-volume 510 is determined in the 3D ultrasound image 500, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 determines at least one cell corresponding to the sub-volume 510 among the plurality of cells included in the transducer. FIG. 6 shows an embodiment in which a transducer including a plurality of cells is provided in the probe 520. FIG.

Meanwhile, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 may determine at least one cell that has scanned the sub-volume 510 by focusing and emitting an ultrasound signal through a steering process. An area 530 shown dark in FIG. 6 represents one or more cells that have scanned the subvolume 510. That is, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 can analyze a plurality of cells included in the transducer and detect a cell in which the subvolume 510 is scanned.

Figure 6, on the other hand, shows a probe 520 with a linear array of transducers. However, the illustrated probe 520 is merely an example, and the transducer may be a curvilinear array or a phased array. Also, as described above with reference to FIG. 1, the probe 520 may include a matrix probe in which cells of the transducer are arranged according to two-dimensional coordinates.

Figure 7 is an illustration of an embodiment for placing a sample volume on a scan line. In FIG. 7, a scan line 540 illuminated by one or more cells located in the darkened area 530 is displayed on the screen. The scan line 540 shown in FIG. 7 is shown in bold for ease of explanation, and the scan line 540 can be displayed in different thicknesses and shapes as shown in FIG.

The ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 places the sample volume 550 on the scan line 540. The sample volume 550 indicated by "=" on the screen is located at a depth for measuring the Doppler signal at the object and the length of the sample volume 550 (that is, A gate (range gate) may be controlled by a system or user input.

On the other hand, when the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 places the sample volume 550 on the scan line 540, the sample volume 550 can be positioned by the user's input. That is, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 may receive a user input that selects one of the positions of the scan line 540 and position the sample volume 550 at a location by the received user input.

Then, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 measures the moving direction and the velocity of the object in real time by measuring the Doppler signal with respect to the sample volume 550.

8 is a diagram showing an embodiment for displaying volume data and a cross-sectional image. 8, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 displays three sectional images 610, 620, and 630 and a three-dimensional ultrasound image 640 on a screen 600.

Sectional images 610, 620, and 630 displayed by the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 are ultrasound images of a cross-section of the three-dimensional ultrasound image 640. That is, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 can cut out the three-dimensional ultrasound image 640 and obtain and display three cross-sectional images 610, 620, 630 orthogonal to the color region 645. In other words, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 can acquire and display a cross-sectional image based on the color components of the three-dimensional ultrasound image 640. The three sectional images 610, 620, and 630 may be sectional images for the A section, the B section, and the C section, respectively.

Also, since the three sectional images 610, 620, and 630 are ultrasound images that pass through the color area 645, each of the three sectional images 610, 620, and 630 includes a color component 615 , 625, 635).

The ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 may determine the subvolume based on the color components 615, 625, 635 of the cross-sectional images 610, 620, 630. That is, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 can determine a sub-volume for positioning the sample volume at any one of the areas including the color components 615, 625, and 635. [ Subsequently, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 can determine, from the transducer, the cell that has scanned the subvolume.

9 is a diagram illustrating an embodiment of displaying a scan line and positioning a sample volume. FIG. 9 shows three sectional images 610, 620 and 630 and a 3-dimensional ultrasound image 640 as in FIG.

The ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 may display scan lines 611, 621, and 641 for scanning the sub-volume determined in FIG. 8 on an ultrasound image. That is, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 analyzes a cell in which a subvolume is scanned among a plurality of cells included in the transducer, and scans the scan lines 611, 621, and 641, which are irradiated by the determined one or more cells, 620, and 630 and the 3D ultrasound image 640, respectively. On the other hand, in the cross-sectional image 630 displayed at the lower left corner, the scan line is positioned in the direction perpendicular to the cross-sectional image, and is indicated by "X". That is, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 can display the scan lines 611, 621, and 641 irradiated by the determined cells in accordance with the respective ultrasound images.

Subsequently, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 places sample volumes 612, 622, 632, and 642 for measuring the Doppler signals on the scan lines 611, 621, and 641. That is, the scan lines 611, 621, and 641 and the sample volumes 612, 622, 632, and 642 are displayed on the plurality of ultrasound images displayed on the screen 600, The sample volume is located on the line. For example, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 100 may include three sectional images 610, 620, and 630, a scan line 641 and a sample volume 642 displayed on a three-dimensional ultrasound image 640 displayed on the lower right side, Respectively.

Further, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 may measure the Doppler signals with respect to the sample volumes 612, 622, 632, and 642 located on the scan lines 611, 621, and 641. That is, the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus 100 can scan a target object in real time and measure a Doppler signal for a desired depth, thereby diagnosing a target object.

On the other hand, the above-described method can be implemented in a general-purpose digital computer that can be created as a program that can be executed in a computer and operates the program using a computer-readable medium. Further, the structure of the data used in the above-described method can be recorded on a computer-readable medium through various means. Program storage devices that may be used to describe a storage device including executable computer code for carrying out the various methods of the present invention should not be understood to include transient objects such as carrier waves or signals do. The computer readable medium includes a storage medium such as a magnetic storage medium (e.g., ROM, floppy disk, hard disk, etc.), optical reading medium (e.g., CD ROM, DVD, etc.).

According to the method, apparatus and recording medium described above, the user of the ultrasonic apparatus can accurately position the sample volume for measuring the Doppler signal. That is, it is possible to improve the reliability of the Doppler signal depending on the user skill level.

Furthermore, unlike the case of placing the sample volume in the 2D ultrasound image, the user can measure the accurate Doppler signal at a desired position by positioning the sample volume using the volume data.

It will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. Therefore, the disclosed methods should be considered in an illustrative rather than a restrictive sense. It is intended that the present invention cover the modifications and variations of this invention provided they come within the scope of the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (17)

  1. Obtaining a sub volume in which a sample volume is to be located, based on color components of at least one sectional image cut in a predetermined direction from a three-dimensional image by volume data of the object;
    Determining a cell corresponding to the subvolume among a plurality of cells included in the transducer;
    Displaying the at least one cross-section image;
    Displaying each scan line illuminated by the determined cell on the at least one cross-sectional image;
    Displaying direction information of the scan line irradiated on a cross-sectional image corresponding to each of the scan lines; And
    And positioning the sample volume to obtain a Doppler signal on the scan line.
  2. The method according to claim 1,
    Wherein the subvolume is determined based on a user input that selects any one of the locations on the cross-sectional image.
  3. The method according to claim 1,
    Wherein the determining comprises determining at least one cell that has scanned the subvolume among the plurality of cells.
  4. The method according to claim 1,
    Wherein the locating comprises locating the sample volume based on a user input for selecting a location of the scan line.
  5. The method according to claim 1,
    The method further comprises measuring a Doppler signal for the sample volume.
  6. The method according to claim 1,
    Wherein the color component includes information on blood flow.
  7. The method according to claim 1,
    The method may further include generating the three-dimensional volume data using a matrix probe including the plurality of cells arranged in two-dimensional coordinates.
  8. The method according to claim 1,
    Wherein the method further comprises generating the 3D volume data by combining at least one volume data obtained according to a heartbeat cycle of the subject.
  9. A transducer for scanning an object;
    An image processing unit for generating at least one cross-sectional image of the three-dimensional volume data of the object cut in a predetermined direction;
    A display unit for displaying at least one cross-sectional image obtained from the three-dimensional volume data;
    A sub-volume extracting unit for acquiring a sub-volume on which the sample volume is to be positioned, based on the color component of the cross-sectional image;
    A cell determining unit determining a cell corresponding to the sub-volume among a plurality of cells included in the transducer; And
    And a Doppler processor for placing the sample volume for acquiring a Doppler signal on a scan line irradiated by the determined cell,
    Wherein the display unit displays the scan lines irradiated by the determined cells on the at least one cross-sectional image, and displays direction information of the scan lines irradiated on the cross-sectional images corresponding to the scan lines, respectively.
  10. 10. The method of claim 9,
    Wherein the subvolume is determined based on a user input for selecting any one of the positions on the cross-sectional image.
  11. 10. The method of claim 9,
    Wherein the cell determining unit determines at least one cell that has scanned the subvolume among the plurality of cells.
  12. 10. The method of claim 9,
    Wherein the ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus further comprises a user interface for receiving a user input for selecting any one of the positions of the scan lines,
    Wherein the Doppler processing unit positions the sample volume based on the user input.
  13. 10. The method of claim 9,
    Wherein the Doppler processor measures a Doppler signal for the sample volume.
  14. 10. The method of claim 9,
    Wherein the color component includes information on blood flow.
  15. 10. The method of claim 9,
    Wherein the transducer includes a matrix probe including the plurality of cells arranged in two-dimensional coordinates,
    Wherein the image processing unit generates the three-dimensional volume data based on data acquired using the matrix probe.
  16. 12. The method of claim 11,
    Wherein the image processing unit combines at least one volume data acquired according to a heartbeat cycle of the subject to generate the three-dimensional volume data.
  17. A computer-readable recording medium on which a program for implementing the method according to any one of claims 1 to 8 is recorded.
KR1020150062020A 2015-04-30 2015-04-30 Method for ultrasound diagnosis using volume data and apparatus thereto KR101553042B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020150062020A KR101553042B1 (en) 2015-04-30 2015-04-30 Method for ultrasound diagnosis using volume data and apparatus thereto

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020150062020A KR101553042B1 (en) 2015-04-30 2015-04-30 Method for ultrasound diagnosis using volume data and apparatus thereto

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
KR20150058117A KR20150058117A (en) 2015-05-28
KR101553042B1 true KR101553042B1 (en) 2015-09-15

Family

ID=53392737

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
KR1020150062020A KR101553042B1 (en) 2015-04-30 2015-04-30 Method for ultrasound diagnosis using volume data and apparatus thereto

Country Status (1)

Country Link
KR (1) KR101553042B1 (en)

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080242996A1 (en) 2007-03-30 2008-10-02 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for measuring flow in multi-dimensional ultrasound
JP2009172223A (en) 2008-01-25 2009-08-06 Toshiba Corp Ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus and its control method

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080242996A1 (en) 2007-03-30 2008-10-02 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for measuring flow in multi-dimensional ultrasound
JP2009172223A (en) 2008-01-25 2009-08-06 Toshiba Corp Ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus and its control method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
KR20150058117A (en) 2015-05-28

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6368277B1 (en) Dynamic measurement of parameters within a sequence of images
JP5984417B2 (en) Viscoelasticity measurement using amplitude and phase modulated ultrasound
US8187187B2 (en) Shear wave imaging
JPWO2010092918A1 (en) Medical image processing apparatus, medical image processing method, medical image diagnostic apparatus, operating method of medical image diagnostic apparatus, and medical image display method
JP5265850B2 (en) User interactive method for indicating a region of interest
US7925068B2 (en) Method and apparatus for forming a guide image for an ultrasound image scanner
WO2007138751A1 (en) Ultrasonograph, medical image processing device, and medical image processing program
CN101069647A (en) An ultrasonic imaging apparatus and a method of displaying ultrasonic images
JP2009066074A (en) Ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus
JP4699062B2 (en) Ultrasonic device
EP2135557B1 (en) Ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus
JP5530592B2 (en) Storage method of imaging parameters
JP5803909B2 (en) Ultrasonic image generation apparatus and image generation method
JPWO2014162966A1 (en) Ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus and elasticity evaluation method
KR20150089836A (en) Method and ultrasound apparatus for displaying a ultrasound image corresponding to a region of interest
JP5420884B2 (en) Ultrasonic diagnostic equipment
KR102051293B1 (en) Classification preprocessing in medical ultrasound shear wave imaging
JP5658151B2 (en) Apparatus, system and method for measuring the diameter of an abdominal aortic aneurysm
JP5685133B2 (en) Image processing apparatus, image processing apparatus control method, and program
CN101229067B (en) Ultrasonic image acquiring apparatus
JP5027922B2 (en) Ultrasonic diagnostic equipment
JP4350214B2 (en) Ultrasonic diagnostic equipment
JP2007111532A (en) System and method for forming three-dimensional image using multiple cross-sectional image
US8801614B2 (en) On-axis shear wave characterization with ultrasound
KR20070119578A (en) Imaging apparatus and imaging method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A107 Divisional application of patent
A201 Request for examination
E701 Decision to grant or registration of patent right
GRNT Written decision to grant
FPAY Annual fee payment

Payment date: 20180827

Year of fee payment: 4

FPAY Annual fee payment

Payment date: 20190826

Year of fee payment: 5