KR101550244B1 - Control management system and method for calibration - Google Patents

Control management system and method for calibration Download PDF

Info

Publication number
KR101550244B1
KR101550244B1 KR1020150049364A KR20150049364A KR101550244B1 KR 101550244 B1 KR101550244 B1 KR 101550244B1 KR 1020150049364 A KR1020150049364 A KR 1020150049364A KR 20150049364 A KR20150049364 A KR 20150049364A KR 101550244 B1 KR101550244 B1 KR 101550244B1
Authority
KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
value
adc
temperature
calibration
digital
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020150049364A
Other languages
Korean (ko)
Inventor
김현수
Original Assignee
김현수
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 김현수 filed Critical 김현수
Priority to KR1020150049364A priority Critical patent/KR101550244B1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of KR101550244B1 publication Critical patent/KR101550244B1/en

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D15/00Control, e.g. regulation, of pumps, pumping installations or systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B13/00Adaptive control systems, i.e. systems automatically adjusting themselves to have a performance which is optimum according to some preassigned criterion
    • G05B13/02Adaptive control systems, i.e. systems automatically adjusting themselves to have a performance which is optimum according to some preassigned criterion electric

Abstract

The present invention relates to a mechanical and electronic device control system and a calibration method of the control system. It is important for the control system to accurately monitor or detect the operating status of the machine and the electronic device, but it is important to accurately display the operating conditions according to the precise values monitored and detected, activate the alarm system, and generate and control the correct control values Do. The present invention not only provides an automated, software-calibrated method for initializing and calibrating a control system, but also provides a calibration method that is efficient in calibrating and minimizing errors, even including non-linear operating periods of the control system .

Description

  [0001] The present invention relates to a control system and a method for calibrating a control system,

 The present invention relates to a mechanical and electronic device control system and a calibration method of the control system.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Mechanical and electronic devices, such as amphibious motor pumps, include a monitoring and control system that monitors or detects operating conditions and controls operation.

This monitoring and control system is also important to accurately monitor or detect the operating state of machines and electronic devices, but it can accurately display the operating status according to the precise values monitored and operated, activate the alarm system, It is important to control it.

In the case of the monitoring and control system for electronically processing the monitoring and sensing, the display of the operating state, the operation of the alarm system, the generation of various control parameters, the generation and control of the control signals, It is also important to obtain accurate measurement values, but it is also important to ensure that the measured values are signaled and displayed on the display and the correct control signals in the monitoring and control system, so that correct control signals are generated and transmitted / It is important.

In the prior art, this monitoring and control system initially calibrates and sets up the monitoring and control system to specify and process the correct values. The digital and analog circuits constituting the monitoring and control system are manually tuned In general, the measurement value and the control value were directly corrected by the sensor while adjusting the feedback resistance of the operational amplifier. That is, the impedance corresponding to the minimum and maximum measured values of the sensor is input to the sensor input part, and when the human is manually adjusting the potentiometer, the sensed sensor value is displayed as an accurate digital value and digital display signal and digital control signal Respectively. Calibration is performed only for the minimum and maximum values, or calibration is performed for the minimum and maximum values, and the value between them is equally divided into corrections. Although the analog circuit including an operational amplifier that processes the sensor signal to have an accuracy of equalization in the latter case is designed to have linearity, in a wide operating range of a real machine or electronic device, the circuit may include a part of the non- It does not operate linearly. Therefore, there is a problem that the accuracy is lowered due to an error in values between the minimum value and the maximum value. In addition, since a person has individually controlled the resistance value of each circuit, errors in initialization and calibration of the monitoring and control system occur, resulting in loss of human, temporal and economic costs.

Registration No. 968384, July 09, 2010 Notice Registration No. 1247209, Notice of March 25, 2013 Registration Utility Utility No. 454775, July 28, 2011 Notice Published Patent Application No. 2004-107007, Dec. 20, 2004 Published Japanese Patent Application No. 2004-308508, Nov. 04, 2004 Published Patent No. 2011-87893, August 03, 2011 disclosed Registration No. 829917, May 16, 2008 Notice Published Patent No. 1999-21328, Mar. 25, 1999 Published Patent No. 2009-78130, July 17, 2009

-

The present invention has been proposed in order to solve the above problems, and provides a control system and an automatic calibration method of a machine and an electronic device including a software automatic correction function with high accuracy.

A sensor input resistor Rs (sensor) connected to one input terminal of the signal amplification unit, a low input resistance R i (LO) connected to another input terminal of the signal amplification unit, a feedback resistor R f (HI), ADC (analog digital converter) coupled to the signal amplification unit output stage, one configuration of a central control, said central control unit connected to the ADC output, and includes a program flash SRAM is connected to the input side port drive of the central control unit A method of automatically calibrating a control system,

The low input resistance R i (LO) (A) setting a resistance value of the feedback resistor R f (HI) so as to generate a digital control value corresponding to a minimum temperature value of 0 ° C and a maximum value of 250 ° C, respectively;

The input resistance R i (LO) And an ADC output value D s, an initial value i, which is designed so that the digital indicator displays the resistance value of the feedback resistor R f (HI) at 0 ° C, which is the minimum temperature value, and 250 ° C, (B) storing the program flash SRAM in an initial ADC lock-up table;
The minimum value of 0 ℃ and a maximum value of the minimum value D s for a temperature of between 250 ℃, initial, min and the maximum value D s, an initial, evenly split max difference to the ADC output value in sequence D s, an initial, i the temperature (C) storing in the initial ADC lock-up table in the program flash SRAM;

(D) performing the steps (b) and (c) for a plurality of sensors, respectively;

When the sensor input resistance Rs (sensor) has a minimum resistance of 100 Ω, the minimum temperature of the digital display is compared with 0 캜. When the temperature (T D ) of the digital display is greater than 0 캜, the ADC value is decreased. When the ADC value is small, the ADC value at which the temperature (T D ) is 0 ° C is traced by storing the ADC value in the calibration ADC look-up table as D s, calibration value, and min value. (E) tracking;

If the sensor input resistance Rs (sensor) When the maximum resistance value is 194.1 Ω, the maximum temperature of the indicator is compared with 250 ° C to decrease the ADC value when the digital display temperature (T D ) is higher than 250 ° C, and when it is lower than 250 ° C, (F) tracking the ADC value at which the temperature of the digital indicator is exactly 250 ° C. by tracking the ADC value at which the temperature T D is 250 ° C. and storing it as D s, calibration, max value in the calibration ADC look-up table;

Ds , calibrated, min and Ds tracked in steps (e) and (f) , calibration, max is divided by 250 into Ds , calibration, i between 0 ° C and 250 ° C, Storing in a table (g);

Performing the steps (e), (f) and (g) above, the digital display temperature by the calibration ADC look-up table value when the estimated ADC look-up table value is 100? And 194.1? (H) repeating the steps (e), (f), and (g) if they do not coincide with each other;

Performing step (b) to (h) on a plurality of sensors to generate and store a calibration ADC look-up table for a plurality of sensors,

Wherein an output value of the ADC designed in the control system in the steps (b) and (c) is not exactly matched due to an operation error of the digital control circuit. to be.

In the automatic calibration method of the control system,

The minimum value D s, the initial, min and the maximum value D s, the initial and max differences are not divided equally, and the minimum value is 0 ° C to the first section of q ° C, the second section of q + 1 ° C to p + 210 ° C, and the third section of P + 211 ° C to 250 ° C. do.

In the automatic calibration method of the control system,

In the first section, the temperature is divided equally by an interval of α, and the resistance R αm- (α-1) of the calibration resistance portion is selected correspondingly, where α = 1, 2, 4 or 5, 3, ... , q / ?. When q / α is not an integer, the natural number value of the major fraction obtained by converting the fraction to the major fraction is taken as the maximum value of m,

In the second section, the temperature is equally divided by the interval of β, and the resistance R β (p + 1) of the calibration resistor is selected correspondingly, where β = 20 or 40, p = 1, 2, 3,. 200 /?,

In the third section, the temperature is equally divided by the interval of?, And the resistance R ? (M + 231) - (? -1) of the calibration resistance portion is selected corresponding thereto, = 1, 2, 3, ... , q / ?. When q /? is not an integer, the natural number value of the major fraction obtained by converting the fraction to the major fraction is set as the maximum value of m.

It provides automatic calibration for mechanical and electronic control systems such as amphibious motor pumps to minimize errors caused by human calibration and ensure economical and temporal efficiency. In addition, the accuracy of calibration is improved and the efficiency of calibration is ensured through differentiated calibration for each control circuit.

1 is a conceptual diagram for calibration of a control system and a control system according to the present invention.
2 is an embodiment of a control system according to the present invention.

1 and 2 are one embodiment of a monitoring and control system according to the present invention. The leakage detection signal processing unit 300 in FIG. 2 includes a leakage digital signal input unit 310, a leak detection digital signal filter unit 320, and an insulation coupling unit 330 from a leakage sensor. The leakage detection signal processing unit 300 receives a signal sensed by the leakage sensor as a digital signal, filters the noise, and outputs a signal to the central control unit 800. The leakage digital signal input unit 310 receives a signal indicating whether leakage of water from the leakage sensor is detected as a digital signal and transmits the digital signal to the leakage detection digital signal filter unit 320. The leak detection digital signal filter unit 320 functions to filter noise existing in the digital signal from the leak sensor. Since the leak detection digital signal filter unit 320 can not completely reduce the noise, the noise in the digital signal is secondarily reduced by the insulation coupling unit 330. The leak detection digital signal filter unit 320 is preferably an LC filter as a noise reduction filter. The insulating coupler 330 is a coupler that couples light emitting diodes, a photodiode (photodetector), or a phototransistor to each other through transmission and reception, that is, couples light through a medium to transmit a signal. Each light emitting diode and photodiode can be connected to different grounds, are electrically disconnected, and are connected through optical signals, so there is no influence of noise through the ground line. Therefore, a photocoupler is preferred in which the insulating coupling portion is electrically disconnected from the input / output circuit, thereby reducing the noise in the digital signal as much as possible. The photocoupler may be an AC type photocoupler or a DC type photocoupler. In this case, a DC type coupler is preferred.

The analog sensor input unit 100 receives an analog sensor signal output from a sensor such as a winding temperature sensor and a bearing temperature sensor. The filter unit 200 filters noise in the analog sensor signal from the analog sensor input unit 100. The filter unit 200 is preferably an LC filter. The signal amplifying unit 400 amplifies the analog sensor signal filtered by the filter unit 200. The signal amplifier 400 is preferably an operational amplifier.

In the case of an underwater motor control system, the water in the external water or the pump room is waterproof sealed with a sealing material so that water does not leak into the motor room and the power inlet chamber. However, in case of underwater motor, overheating or leakage may occur. External water may enter the motor room or the power inlet chamber due to wear of the waterproof sealant, resulting in damage to the motor / bearing and leakage of the power inlet chamber. Therefore, the operation and operation environment is monitored by installing a temperature sensor or a leakage sensor in the power inlet chamber of the underwater motor pump and the motor room.

In the case of the motor, random frequency noise is generated. In the case of the electronic circuit system, noise such as interference noise is generated, and such noise is introduced into the sensor, and noise is included in the analog detection signal of the sensor. Therefore, in such a mechanical or electronic system, it is necessary to reduce the noise through the filter to the input analog signal.

(R, S, T) can be overheated due to overload or short-circuit during motor operation. Therefore, it is recommended to use three-phase windings Winding temperature sensors are respectively installed. The winding temperature sensor generates a corresponding electrical signal according to the temperature and transmits it to the control circuit. The current uses R, S, T three-phase circuit and current output is the phase with the highest value in temperature.

The bearing sensor has a temperature sensor on the upper and lower sides of the shaft axis. The output signal of the bearing up and down temperature sensor is compared with a comparator to output a signal of a high temperature signal value.

The signal amplification section is for amplifying an analog signal, and an OP amplifier is typically used.

The channel selection unit 500 selects the analog sensor signal channel (selected among the sensors 1 to 7) in each of the sensors amplified by the signal amplification unit, and inputs the selected analog sensor signal to the central control unit. When the control system in Fig. 1 is used in an underwater motor pump, channels 1 to 3 (sensors 1 to 3) are winding temperature sensors and channels 4 to 7 (sensors 4 to 7) are bearing temperature sensors.

The leak sensor outputs a digital high signal (digital logic 1) when a leak is not detected, inputs a high signal through the insulation to the central control, and a low signal (digital logic 0) when a leak is detected.

The alarm output unit 1000 monitors an operation of a mechanical system, for example, a motor, generates an alarm signal when an abnormal signal is sensed and stops the operation of a mechanical system or a motor, and converts the system into a stand- And outputs the control signal.

The following describes the initialization and calibration method of the control system.

Since the digital control system is performed by a digital logic operation such as calculation and comparison in the central control unit, the analog sensor signals in various sensors are converted into digital signals through an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) And performs various display and control management through a digital signal for control and an analog control signal generated through a digital-to-analog converter (ADC).

Apart from the calibration line of the sensor, in the case of the control management of the mechanical system and the electronic equipment system using the sensor, it is necessary to match the accurate measurement value with the accurate digital control value corresponding to the measurement value in the sensor, Control signals are generated, and control signals can be transmitted and received for precise control. That is, when the measured value of the sensor is Xk , and the corresponding digital control signal is Dk , when Xk is measured in the sensor, the measured signal is amplified by a filter amplifier A switch analog-to-digital converter, and the like, to generate a digital control signal. In this case, when the calibration for the signal processing circuit is not performed, a corresponding accurate digital control signal D k can not be generated, and a case where D k + 1 or another digital control signal is generated occurs. In this case, since malfunction of the control circuit occurs, calibration for the signal processing and control circuit is required to generate the measured value X k and corresponding accurate digital control signal D k at the sensor. Therefore, it is important that the measurement signal corresponding to the sensor measurement value is processed in the signal processing of the filter amplification switching analog-to-digital converter and the like, and then the analog signal corresponding to the sensor measurement value is matched with the digital signal. This control system, which is precisely matched to the actual measurements, thus accurately matches the analog sensor signal values actually measured and the digital values converted to digital signals during the initialization and calibration process.

The sensor defines the minimum and maximum values that can be measured through the sensor and measures the measurement parameters such as the temperature within this range. For example, the temperature sensor used in the motor pump senses the temperature in this range with 0 ° C as the minimum value and 250 ° C as the maximum value. The temperature sensor outputs an impedance of 100 Ω at 0 ° C and an impedance of 194.1 Ω at 250 ° C.

Figure 1 is an embodiment of a digital control system and is a conceptual diagram for a control system and calibration. In the control system as shown in FIG. 1, the control system is calibrated by adjusting the resistance R f (HI) by using the resistance R i (LO) and the feedback resistance of the signal amplifier (operational amplifier) as a variable resistance . When the minimum resistance value 100 Ω corresponding to the minimum temperature of 0 ° C is inputted to Rs (sensor), the AD value is corrected by adjusting the resistance R i (LO) so that the indicator indicates 0 ° C, When the maximum resistance value of 194.1 Ω corresponding to the maximum temperature of 250 ° C is input to Rs (sensor), the indicator is displayed to indicate 250 ° C and the corresponding AD value is calibrated by adjusting the resistance R f (HI).

Describing the above method, the control system displays the measured temperature value through the temperature sensor in numerical values through an indicator. In this case, even though the temperature sensor measures the correct temperature value and provides it to the digital control system, the circuit in the digital control system initially does not accurately match the measured value, and a process for correcting it is needed. Therefore, in the calibration method for calibrating the digital control system, 100 Ω corresponding to the minimum measurement value (0 ° C.) of the temperature sensor is input to the analog sensor input unit 100 in FIG. 2 and the sensor input resistance Rs The resistance R i (LO) is varied to indicate 0 ° C. In the conventional method, the resistance R i (LO) was manually changed while the human being checked. When the display unit displays 0 ° C, it is set to the minimum value, and the output digital value of the ADC at this time is matched with 0 ° C.

Next, 194.1? Corresponding to the maximum measured value (250 占 폚) of the temperature sensor is input to the analog sensor input unit 100 and the resistance R f (HI) is changed so that the display unit displays 250 占 폚. In the conventional method, the resistance R f (HI) was manually varied while confirming by a person. When the display unit displays 250 ° C, it is set to the maximum value, and the output digital value of the ADC at this time is matched with 250 ° C.

In one embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Table 1, temperature-related digital values, display and control temperature values are stored in a look-up table. That is, if the digital value D i corresponding to the temperature i ° C is stored and the temperature measurement signal from the sensor is input to the ADC to output the D i value, the digital control system recognizes the temperature as i ° C, Temperature display. If the digital control circuit is not calibrated at this time, even if the temperature measured by the sensor is i ° C, the ADC outputs a value other than D i to indicate an inappropriate temperature control signal and temperature. Therefore, the digital control circuit should be calibrated so that the ADC outputs D i when the temperature measured by the sensor is i ° C. Adjust the resistance value of the low input resistance R i (LO) for the input resistance Rs (sensor) of 100 Ω corresponding to the minimum measurement value (0 ° C) of the sensor so that the ADC outputs D 0 . That is, S out, 0, the initial value is adjusted by adjusting the low input resistance R i (LO) so that the corrected S out, 0, and the correction are D 0 . Next, the resistance value of the resistance amplifier feedback resistor R f (HI) is adjusted for the input resistance Rs (sensor) of 194.1 Ω corresponding to the maximum measurement temperature value of the sensor at 250 ° C., so that the ADC outputs D 250 . That is, S out, 250, the initial value is adjusted by adjusting the resistance R f (HI) so that the corrected S out, 250, and the calibration are D 250 . If the operational amplifier in Figure 1 is designed to operate in the linear region (or the circuit of the control system), the ADC value of the corresponding temperature, which corresponds to the look-up table, Output. That is, S out, i, initial = S out, i, calibration = D i . This is because the minimum value and the maximum value are equally divided and matched. However, even if the operational amplifier is designed to operate in the linear region, the actual operational amplifier does not operate correctly in the linear region between the minimum and maximum values, or includes the nonlinear region, and the nonlinear characteristics of the other circuit elements are added, Lt; / RTI > In this case, the maximum and minimum values are calibrated, and the value between them is used in correspondence with the equally divided value, which causes an error due to the nonlinear characteristic of the circuit.

According to another embodiment of the present invention, not only the maximum value and the minimum value but also the values therebetween are corrected by software in order to solve the error caused by the equally divided calibration when the operational amplifier (circuit of the control system) is not linear. Calibration by equalization is the same as that in another embodiment according to FIG. 2 below.

Table 1. ADC output according to one embodiment of the present invention, digital value of the lookup table and

Corresponding indication and control temperature


The initial ADC output signal

Calibrated ADC output signal

Temperature-compatible digital value

Display and control temperature
S out, 0, initial
S out, 0, calibration
D 0
0
S out, 1, initial
S out, 1, calibration
D 1
One
S out, 2, initial
S out, 2, calibration
D 2
2
S out, 3, initial
S out, 3, calibration
D 3
3
S out, 4, initial
S out, 4, calibration
D 4
4



S out, i, initial
D i
i



S out, 250, initial
D 250
250

The initialization and calibration method of the digital control system according to an embodiment of the present invention shown in FIG. 2 will be described in detail as follows.

In step 1, the low input resistance R i (LO) of the front end of the signal amplifying part 400, And the resistance value of the amplifier feedback resistance R f (HI) are set to the approximate values of the resistance values corresponding to the minimum value of 0 캜 and the maximum value of 250 캜, respectively. In this case, the output digital value of the actual ADC of the digital control system need not be precisely matched. That is, D s, initial, min ≠ D s, calibration, min and D s, initial, max ≠ D s, calibration, max . Where D s, initial, min is the initial digital value corresponding to the minimum temperature, D s, calibration, min is the minimum temperature corresponding calibration digital value, D s, initial, max is the maximum temperature corresponding initial digital value, D s, calibration , max is the calibration digital value corresponding to the maximum temperature.

In step 2, the input resistance R i (LO) And the resistance value of the feedback resistor R f (HI) are set to the minimum value (0 ° C ) and the maximum value (250 ° C ), respectively
Store the ADC output values designed to indicate 0 ° C and 250 ° C into the initial ADC lock-up table in the program flash SRAM (store D s, initial, i ). At this time, values between 0 ° C and 250 ° C are stored in the initial ADC lookup table sequentially by dividing the minimum value D s, initial, min and maximum value D s, initial and max differences evenly. At this time, the temperature at which the output value of the designed ADC of the digital control system is displayed on the actual display may not be exactly coincided due to the operation error of the digital control circuit.

In step 3, step 2 is performed for each channel ( or sensor).

In step 4, a channel i corresponding to the sensor to be calibrated is selected and input to the port drive 830a of the central control unit 800. [

Step 5 compares the minimum temperature of the indicator with 0 ℃ when the sensor output is 100 Ω and tracks the ADC value where the temperature of the indicator becomes 0 ℃. At this time, the ADC value is decreased when the temperature (T D ) of the indicator is higher than 0 ° C, and when the temperature is lower than 0 ° C, the ADC value is increased to keep the temperature (T D ) D s, calibration, min .

In step 6, when the sensor output is 194.1 Ω, the minimum temperature of the indicator is compared with 250 ° C to track the ADC value where the temperature of the indicator is 250 ° C. The indicator temperature (T D) is to reduce the ADC value when it is larger than 250 ℃, by tracking ADC value temperature sikieo increase the ADC value (T D) is a 250 ℃ When less than 250 ℃ the calibration ADC look-up table D s, calibration, max value.

In step 7, D s, calibration, min and D s, calibrated, tracked in steps 5 and 6 are matched to D s, calibration, i between 0 ° C and 250 ° C, .

In step 8, the display temperature by the calibration ADC look-up table value when it is 100? And 194.1? Is compared with 0 ° C to 250 ° C respectively, and if not, the steps 5 to 7 are repeated.

In step 9, it is determined in step 8 whether the display temperature by the calibration ADC look-up table value is 0 DEG C to 250 DEG C, respectively. If they match, the next channel is selected and steps 5 to 8 are performed.

In step 10, all the channels are selected and the process is terminated.

In order to ensure accuracy of the calibration ADC look-up table by the equal division in the step 7, the control circuit must have linearity, and in particular, by designing the amplification range of the amplifier used in the signal amplification unit to be located in a linear region, can do.

The value or the correction value of the lookup table is stored (read / written) in the program flash.sram 850 of the central control unit 800.

Table 2. The ADC output according to an example of the present invention, the digital value of the look-up table and corresponding display and control temperature

Actual temperature (℃)
Display temperature (℃)
D s, initial, n
D s, calibration, n
n = 1
0
C min
D s, initial, min
ADC value with C min = 0 = D s, calibration, min
n = 2
One
.
.
.
n = 3
2
.
.
.
n = 4
3
.
.
.
n = 5
4
.
.
.





n = i
i-1
D s, initial, i





n = 251
250
C max
D s, initial, max
ADC value where C max is 250 = D s, calibration, max

The calibration system can also be operated in the manual mode.

In FIG. 2, a plurality of indicators 50, 60, 70 are provided and can be used as temperature indicators or message indicators measured by the sensor. In the manual mode operation, the decrease selection switch 11 and the increase selection switch 12 are decreased by the increase / decrease button of the ADC value in the step 6, and the selection switch 11 decreases the ADC value. Increase the ADC value. If an error occurs in step 6 and a problem occurs in the calibration by ADC value tracking, the calibration can be performed by the manual mode.

The temperature sensor according to the international standard in FIG. 2 outputs 4 mA at 0 ° C, outputs 20 mA at 250 ° C, and increases by 0.064 mA every 1 ° C increase in temperature.

The alarm output unit 1000 is for flashing an operation device, for example, a motor. When a short circuit is inputted or detected in the analog sensor input unit 100, the central control unit 800 displays the alarm signal in the message indicator 50, , Generates a motor OFF signal, transmits it to the alarm output section, and turns off the motor. If the input of the analog sensor input unit 100 is short-circuited, the character value stored in the program memories 850 and 870 is Sht. When the input of the analog sensor input unit 100 is open, the character value stored in the program memories 850 and 870 is Opn, and this value is displayed on the display devices 50, 60, and 70. In the central control unit 800, ON signal is generated and transmitted to the alarm output section to turn on the motor.

In the case of a mechanical or electric / electronic system, for example, in the case of an electric motor operation, unnecessary chattering may occur due to external influences during operation, and impulse noise may occur in a peripheral device. Therefore, the alarm time may be performed in real time, but the alarm output time is delayed in order to minimize the influence of the chattering and impulsive noise and to prevent the unnecessary operation stop of the motor. The alarm delay time is a minimum of 0 seconds to a maximum of 30 seconds and is stored in the program memory, and the delay time is selected by the signals of the switch parts 9, 10, 11 and 12. An alarm check according to the setting and progress of the control system is connected to the alarm output unit 1000 by the program logic 840 of the central control unit 800. [

If the circuit in the control system maintains perfect linearity, the above-mentioned equalization correction can ensure accuracy, but the actual circuit may not be perfectly linear within the control period. In particular, nonlinear characteristics are often exhibited near the minimum value (0 ° C) and the maximum value (250 ° C) due to the design characteristics of the circuit. Therefore, in the vicinity of the minimum value and the maximum value, the difference between the temperature values for calibration can be made small, and the middle part of the almost linear two regions can be made large in the difference in temperature value. For example, in Table 2, n is 1 to 20 and 222 to 251 are equally divided at 1, 2, or 4 degrees Celsius, n is 21 to 221 at 10, 20, 40, Calibration is done.

Table 3 is a matching diagram between the resistances of the calibration resistor unit and the switch unit and the switch selection port.


The calibration resistor R i

The resistance selection switch section

The calibration resistor selection unit
Section 1
(Near the minimum value)
R 1
The first selector
S m
R 2
R 3

R q
The second section
(Linear section)
R 40
The second selector
S p
R 60
R 80

R 220
Section 3
(Near the maximum value)
R 232
The third selection unit
S m + 231
R 233
R 234

R 251

The resistance value of the resistance (input resistance of the sensor) Rs (sensor) = R i of the calibration resistance section in the above Table 3 is defined by the following equation (1). R i has an equally divided value between 100 Ω and 194.1 Ω.

R i = 100+ (i-1) x ((194.1-100) / 250)

Where i is an integer between 1 and 251 inclusive.

The first section may have a non-linearity in the control circuit in a first interval region of 0 ° C to q ° C, which is the minimum temperature, so that the equalizing interval of the temperature for calibration is reduced. q is the minimum temperature value at which the control circuit is predicted to have linearity near the minimum value, and the interval of the calibrating resistor corresponding to the temperature is correspondingly divided into small portions. The first section is selected by Equation (2). That is, if all of the 251 resistors having equal resistance values are calibrated, the calibration time becomes unnecessarily long, and the number of resistances of the calibration resistor becomes large, so that the circuit becomes large or the number of resistance values that must be varied becomes large, It becomes complicated. Therefore, the number of selected resistors used for calibration should be reduced while ensuring accurate calibration. If the nonlinearity is expected to be large in the first section, it is set to select the corresponding resistance by equally dividing it at 1 or 2 DEG C intervals. If the nonlinearity is expected to be small, it is divided into 4 or 5 DEG C Set to select. The selection of the resistance according to the equal division in the first section is as follows.

S m = R ? M - (? -1) (2)

Where α = 1, 2, 4 or 5 and m = 1, 2, 3, ... , q / ?. q / α is not an integer

In this case, the natural number value of the major fraction obtained by converting the fraction to the fraction is made the maximum value of m. α represents the equally divided interval of the temperature. That is, if α is 1, the temperature is equally divided by 1 ° C., and the corresponding values (R 1 , R 2 , R 3 , R 4 ,. If α is 4, the temperature is equally divided by 4 ° C., and the divided values (R 1 , R 5 , R 9 , R 13 ...) corresponding to the resistance of 4 are selected.

The second interval in Table 3 is a second interval interval from q + 1 DEG C to p + 210 DEG C, and the control circuit has a linear interval. The equal interval of the temperature for calibration is increased to secure the calibration efficiency. p + 210 is a value near the maximum temperature value at which the control circuit is predicted to start having nonlinearity in the vicinity of the maximum value, and in the second section, the proof resistor is selected by Equation (3).

S p = R ? (P + 1) (Equation 3)

Where β = 20 or 40, p = 1, 2, 3, ... (P + 210) / ?.

The third section in Table 3 is a third section between q + 211 ° C and 250 ° C. As in the first section, the control circuit may have non-linearity, thus reducing the equal division interval of temperature for calibration. p + 210 is a value near the maximum temperature value at which the control circuit is predicted to start having non-linearity near the maximum value. Since the non-linear interval is the same as the first interval, the interval of the resistance for calibration corresponding to the temperature is correspondingly divided into small portions Is selected. The third section is selected by Equation (4).

S m + 231 = R ? (M + 231) - (? -1 )

Where α = 1, 2, 4 or 5, m = 1, 2, 3, ... , 20 / alpha

The variable resistance as described above can be configured by selecting resistances that are achieved or arranged using an impedance calibrator or a resistance scanner by using switches.

The present invention has been described above with reference to preferred embodiments. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Therefore, the above-described embodiments should be considered in a descriptive sense rather than a restrictive sense. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. It is obvious that it can be done.

11: Reduction selection switch
12: Increase select switch
50, 60, 70: indicator
100: Analog sensor input
200:
300: leak detection signal processor
310: Leakage digital signal input
320: Leak detection digital signal filter unit
330:
400:
500: Channel selector
800:
840: Program logic
1000: Alarm output section
1900: External storage
2000: Pulse output section

Claims (3)

  1. A sensor input resistor Rs (sensor) connected to one input terminal of the signal amplification unit, a low input resistance R i (LO) connected to another input terminal of the signal amplification unit, a feedback resistor R f (HI), the signal amplification unit ADC (analog digital converter) connected to the output stage, the central control section including the input-side port drive connected to the ADC output, one configuration of the central control unit and the input-side port, the drive of the central control unit A method of automatically calibrating a control system including a program flash SRAM ,

    The low input resistance R i (LO) (A) setting a resistance value of the feedback resistor R f (HI) to an approximate resistance value so as to generate a digital control value corresponding to a minimum temperature value of 0 ° C and a maximum value of 250 ° C,
    Since the digital control value generated in step (a) does not need to display the minimum temperature value of 0 ° C and the maximum value of 250 ° C accurately , D s, initial, min ≠ D s, calibration, min and D s, , max ≠ D s, calibration, and may be a max, where D s, an initial, min is a minimum temperature corresponding initial digital value, D s, correction, min is a minimum temperature corresponding corrected digital value, D s, an initial, max is Maximum temperature corresponding initial digital value, D s, calibration, max is the maximum temperature corresponding calibration digital value ;

    The low input resistance R i (LO) And an ADC (Digital Indicator) connected to the central control unit for displaying a temperature of 0 ° C and a maximum value of 250 ° C, respectively, for the set approximate resistance value of the feedback resistor R f (HI) Storing the output value D s, initial, i in the initial ADC lock-up table in the program flash SRAM
    (b);

    For the temperature range between the minimum value 0 ℃, and a maximum value of 250 temperature minimum value D s, an initial, min and the maximum value D s, an initial, rather value evenly split max difference, the minimum value of 0 to claim 1 of the q A second section of q + 1 ° C to p + 210 ° C , and a third section of P + 211 ° C to 250 ° C. The ADC output values D s, initial i (C) storing in the initial ADC lock-up table in the program flash SRAM

    (D) storing the initial ADC lookup table for each of the plurality of sensors, wherein the ADC output value corresponding to each sensor is selected by the channel selection unit 500, Connected to the input port drive of the control unit;

    When the sensor input resistance Rs (sensor) inputted to the signal amplifying unit has a minimum resistance value of 100?, The minimum temperature of the digital display is compared with 0 占 폚. When the temperature (T D ) of the digital display is larger than 0 占 폚, If ADC temperature is less than 0 ° C, the ADC value at which the temperature (T D ) reaches 0 ° C is traced and stored as D s, calibration, min value in the calibration ADC look-up table, 0.0 > (e) < / RTI >

    The sensor input resistance Rs (sensor) input to the signal amplifying unit Sikieo compare the maximum temperature with 250 ℃ when the maximum resistance value when the 194.1Ω indicator is greater than 250 ℃ temperature on the digital display (T D) reduce the ADC value and increase the ADC value when it is less than 250 ℃ temperature (T D) a step (f) to track the ADC value to the ADC 250 ℃ calibration stored in a look-up table as D s, correction, max value that tracks the value of the temperature of the ADC digital display that is exactly 250 ℃;

    Said step (e) and (f) a tracking D s, correction, min and D s, correction, max to D s, calibration, i between the divided steps each at 0 ℃ 250 ℃ and the step (C) in (G) matching and storing in a calibration ADC look-up table;

    Performing the steps (e), (f), and (g) above, the digital display temperature by the calibration ADC lookup table value when the estimated ADC lookup table value is 100? And 194.1? (H) repeating the steps (e), (f), and (g) if they do not coincide with each other;

    Performing step (b) to (h) on a plurality of sensors to generate and store a calibration ADC look-up table for a plurality of sensors,

    Wherein an output value of the ADC designed in the control system in the steps (b) and (c) is not exactly matched due to an operation error of the digital control circuit. .

  2. The automatic calibration method of the control system according to claim 1,

    The first section to the equally divided intervals and the temperature to the α, In response to the sensor input resistance Rs (sensor) (= R i = R αm- (α-1) = R β (p + 1) = R α (m +231) - (α-1) ) resistance R αm- (α-1) selected, in which α = 1, 2, 4 or 5, m = 1, 2, 3 , ... a , q / ?. When q / α is not an integer, the natural number value of the major fraction obtained by converting the fraction to the major fraction is taken as the maximum value of m,

    In the second interval, the temperature is equally divided into? Intervals and the sensor input resistance R ? (P + 1) is selected corresponding to? = 20 or 40, p = 1, 2, 3, ... 200 /?,

    (M + 231) - (? - 1) , where? = 1, 2, 4 or 5, and the sensor input resistance R ? m = 1, 2, 3, ... , q / ?. wherein when q /? is not an integer, the natural number value of the major fraction obtained by converting the fraction to the major fraction is set to the maximum value of m.
  3. delete
KR1020150049364A 2015-04-08 2015-04-08 Control management system and method for calibration KR101550244B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020150049364A KR101550244B1 (en) 2015-04-08 2015-04-08 Control management system and method for calibration

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020150049364A KR101550244B1 (en) 2015-04-08 2015-04-08 Control management system and method for calibration

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
KR101550244B1 true KR101550244B1 (en) 2015-09-18

Family

ID=54247301

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
KR1020150049364A KR101550244B1 (en) 2015-04-08 2015-04-08 Control management system and method for calibration

Country Status (1)

Country Link
KR (1) KR101550244B1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106678055A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-17 湖南坤宇网络科技有限公司 Decision tree system based early warning method for faults of boiler circulating pump

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006113036A (en) * 2004-10-13 2006-04-27 Ryuichi Yokota Measuring instrument and calibration method for sensor
JP2009282036A (en) 2002-02-26 2009-12-03 Kla-Tencor Corp Method for optically inspecting sample
KR200454775Y1 (en) 2011-01-20 2011-07-28 (유)한성산기 Monitoring unit to monitor the operation of the submersible motor pump

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009282036A (en) 2002-02-26 2009-12-03 Kla-Tencor Corp Method for optically inspecting sample
JP2006113036A (en) * 2004-10-13 2006-04-27 Ryuichi Yokota Measuring instrument and calibration method for sensor
KR200454775Y1 (en) 2011-01-20 2011-07-28 (유)한성산기 Monitoring unit to monitor the operation of the submersible motor pump

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106678055A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-17 湖南坤宇网络科技有限公司 Decision tree system based early warning method for faults of boiler circulating pump

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP3248720B2 (en) Semiconductor laser diode bias control method and controller
EP1173939B1 (en) Light amplification apparatus with automatic monitoring and controls
US5101173A (en) Stored program controlled module amplifier bias and amplitude/phase compensation apparatus
US20040052299A1 (en) Temperature correction calibration system and method for optical controllers
EP0997027B1 (en) Telephone subscriber line diagnostics system and method
US6852966B1 (en) Method and apparatus for compensating a photo-detector
DE60308135T2 (en) Sensor device, measuring system and method for calibration
JP4963339B2 (en) Laser system calibration
US7701198B2 (en) Power measurement apparatus
JP2004215274A (en) Temperature compensating device for apd optical receiver
JP2010123880A (en) Fault determination system, fault determination method, and computer program
EP1350096A2 (en) Electro-optic system controller and method of operation
EP1317802B1 (en) Self-tuned millimeter wave rf transceiver module
WO2001011769A1 (en) Methods for calibration of radio devices at room temperature
JP3889007B2 (en) Apparatus and method for monitoring antenna state of mobile communication terminal
JPH11507189A (en) Method of determining a failure of the optical amplifier
WO1999014832A1 (en) Optical transmission device and method for driving laser diode
JP2013527613A (en) Photovoltaic system and method for diagnosing contact of apparatus
US6177780B1 (en) Battery charger with improved reliability
JP2012529654A (en) Online calibration of temperature measurement points
US20020109550A1 (en) Amplifier having digital micro processor control apparatus
US7672463B2 (en) Apparatus to control temperature of audio amp
US6915076B1 (en) System and method for adaptively selecting a signal threshold of an optical link
KR100414072B1 (en) Transmission power compensation apparatus and method for mobile communication device
EP1466308A1 (en) Sensor arrangement

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A107 Divisional application of patent
GRNT Written decision to grant
E701 Decision to grant or registration of patent right
FPAY Annual fee payment

Payment date: 20180611

Year of fee payment: 4