KR101543209B1 - Boring and grouting constructuring method and post with Geo tube - Google Patents

Boring and grouting constructuring method and post with Geo tube Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101543209B1
KR101543209B1 KR1020150059441A KR20150059441A KR101543209B1 KR 101543209 B1 KR101543209 B1 KR 101543209B1 KR 1020150059441 A KR1020150059441 A KR 1020150059441A KR 20150059441 A KR20150059441 A KR 20150059441A KR 101543209 B1 KR101543209 B1 KR 101543209B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
geotube
steel pipe
pipe casing
concrete
rope
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KR1020150059441A
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Korean (ko)
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박을재
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박을재
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/22Piles
    • E02D5/34Concrete or concrete-like piles cast in position ; Apparatus for making same
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D27/00Foundations as substructures
    • E02D27/32Foundations for special purposes
    • E02D27/52Submerged foundations, i.e. submerged in open water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D27/00Foundations as substructures
    • E02D27/32Foundations for special purposes
    • E02D27/52Submerged foundations, i.e. submerged in open water
    • E02D27/525Submerged foundations, i.e. submerged in open water using elements penetrating the underwater ground
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/22Piles
    • E02D5/34Concrete or concrete-like piles cast in position ; Apparatus for making same
    • E02D5/38Concrete or concrete-like piles cast in position ; Apparatus for making same making by use of mould-pipes or other moulds
    • E02D5/40Concrete or concrete-like piles cast in position ; Apparatus for making same making by use of mould-pipes or other moulds in open water

Abstract

The present invention relates to a method for improving a problem occurring during the construction of a large-diameter cast-in-place concrete pile installed to enhance the bearing capacity of a foundation on which a civil engineering structure is installed, The present invention relates to a geotube and a method of constructing the same, and a method of constructing the same.
The present invention relates to a geotechnical tire and a method of manufacturing the same. A geotube having a predetermined diameter and length inserted into the steel pipe casing at a predetermined depth in the longitudinal direction; An injury prevention device for preventing injury of the geotube by suspending an anti-injury weight on a rope connected to the inside of a predetermined portion of the geotube by a loop; A reinforcement net inserted into the geotube at a predetermined depth in the longitudinal direction and having a predetermined size; And concrete which is placed in the reinforcing net and hardened.
A method of constructing a cast pit using a geotube and a float prevention apparatus according to the present invention is a method of constructing a steel pipe casing 20 having a predetermined diameter and length on a ground 10 by using an excavator 30 to a predetermined depth Step (Ⅰ); (II) excavating the ground 10 in the steel pipe casing 20 to a predetermined depth using a hammer grab 40 and an inverse drill (RCD) / BG 50; A step (III) of fabricating the geotube 60 to match the diameter and length of the steel pipe casing 20; (Iv) connecting the float prevention device 110 to the lower end portion of the geotube 60 by adjusting the length of the rope in consideration of the depth of the weathered rock layer and the soft rock layer; (V) longitudinally inserting a geotube (60) connected to the injury prevention device (110) into the steel pipe casing (20); (Ⅵ) of introducing a reinforcing net (70) having a predetermined size in the longitudinal direction into the geotube (60) to a predetermined depth; The trestle pipe 80 is installed in the center of the reinforcing net 70 and the concrete pipe 90 is placed on the trestle pipe 80 so that the front end of the pipe casing is 2 m higher than the tip height of the trestle pipe 80 And the step (VII) of interlocking the trimming tube (80) and the steel pipe casing (20) at the same height simultaneously.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a concrete pile and a construction method thereof,

The present invention relates to a method for constructing concrete piles and a civil engineering structure by organically bonding a steel pipe casing, a geotube and an injury prevention device to a concrete pile installation for installing a concrete pile installed to enhance the supporting force of the ground on which the civil engineering structure is installed The present invention relates to a pile of a cast-in-place concrete using a geotube and an apparatus for preventing injury thereof, and a construction method thereof.

Generally, in-situ concrete pile method is a method in which a steel pipe casing is hammered up to the depth of the ground, and then excavated in the casing, the reinforcing net is inserted, concrete is poured by using a trestle pipe, Pull-out method is a method of making a pile in the field by placing a steel pipe casing up to the top of a rock layer using a steel pipe casing as a permanent member, then excavating the inside of the casing, inserting the reinforcing net, Is known.

Here, the latter type of conventional buried-type cast-in-place concrete piling method is problematic in construction because the steel pipe casing satisfies only the role of a cast concrete pile in the field and is buried in the ground. Even if this type of reclamation type concrete piling method is used, the one side of the large diameter pipe casing is not inserted into the rock layer in the sloping rock layer of the water or sea, and concrete is lost due to the gap, happened.

On the other hand, when the casing is used for protecting the pneumatic wall and pulled out,

As a conventional technique of a pull-out method, Laid-Open Publication No. 10-2009-0099937 discloses a method of pressing a casing into a soil layer as a porthole protecting means at the time of excavation and placing it on the surface of a weathered layer (uppermost layer of a rock layer) The hammer bit is inserted into the casing to excavate to the inside of the rock layer. Subsequently, the reinforcing cage is inserted into the casing of the steel casing to pour the concrete, while the concrete is gradually filled from the bottom of the excavating hole. It is made by the method.

The bottom pile of concrete pile is completely embedded in the weathered rock layer by the pull - out method, but there is a disadvantage that the pile of concrete is collapsed and the pile wall collapses. In addition, by drawing the steel pipe casing before the concrete is hardened, in the passage portion of the underground aquifer through which the ground water flows, the groundwater flows from the portion where the groundwater and the concrete directly contact with each other and the concrete is lost before being hardened. And there is a problem of securing quality such as occurrence of excessive slime due to scratching of the wall when inserting the reinforcing net.

Another disadvantage is that a separate pore wall protection process using slurry is required to prevent such pore wall collapse. In addition, the pore wall protection process not only causes water pollution due to outflow of bentonite, but also causes a lot of detailed processes and inconveniences in construction. In addition, when applied to a marine bridge or a substructure of an offshore structure, there is a possibility that the reinforcing steel may be corroded by salting, thereby posing a problem of quality assurance.

In addition, as a conventional technique of a pull-out method, Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 10-0618597 (published on September 4, 2006) has already filed a prior application for a "method of placing a cast pile with an inner tube and a concrete pile- (Outer casing) is hammered and inserted by using a hammer, the inside of the steel pipe casing is excavated, the inner tube is inserted into the excavation hole inside the steel pipe casing, and the upper surface of the weatherproof layer , The steel pipe casing is withdrawn while retaining the inner tube while placing the concrete after interposing the reinforcing net inside the inner tube.

10, after inserting the inner tube 250 into the steel pipe casing 20, air is injected through the pipe 228 of the air-injecting concrete upright 220, and then, through the air valve 226 The air is gradually expanded in the air tube 224 and ultimately the air tube 224 blocks the space between the inner circumferential surface of the steel pipe casing 20 and the outer circumferential surface of the inner tube 250.

The air tube 224 blocks the space between the inner circumferential surface of the steel pipe casing 20 and the outer circumferential surface of the inner tube 250 to prevent the concrete from penetrating into the inner circumferential surface of the steel pipe casing 20 and the inner tube 250, It is possible to prevent the concrete laid between the outer circumferential surfaces of the first and second plates 10 and 10 from coming into contact with each other.

Since a space is formed between the inner circumferential surface of the steel pipe casing 20 and the inner tube 250, the steel pipe casing 20 ), The cross-sectional area of the concrete pile is reduced compared to the inner diameter of the concrete pile. Therefore, in order to construct a concrete pile having a desired cross-sectional area, a steel pipe casing having a larger diameter needs to be used.

In addition, the above-described method using the inner tube and the concrete up-and-down preventing device is required to constitute an air-inflated concrete up-and-down apparatus. Since air needs to be injected into the air tube 224 through the pipe 228, Since an air tube equipped with a valve is separately required, it requires a lot of cost, manpower, and space to operate the equipment.

In addition, after air is injected into the air tube, the air inside the air tube must be maintained at a certain pressure until the concrete is hardened. However, the air tube is caught by the steel pipe casing during the construction or the torn steel pipe casing during construction, There is a problem in that the air tube is floated due to the load of the concrete lifting device.

The present invention has been devised in order to solve the above-mentioned problems, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a steel pipe casing, a geotube, and an injury prevention device for placing a concrete pile for on- The present invention relates to a pile for placing a concrete in a concrete structure,

In addition, perfect PET in steel pipe casing. PT is used to have a formwork function to prevent loss of concrete in uncured state, thereby reducing loss of concrete in general land sections and soft grounds, preventing concrete settlement and collapse, In the aquifer section, it is possible to prevent the loss of concrete between the sacrificial steel pipe and the rock layer due to insufficient sacrificial steel pipe insertion, and to prevent concrete loss in the underground aquifer. And the like.

In order to accomplish the above-mentioned object, a cast concrete pile using a geotube and its injuries prevention apparatus according to the present invention comprises a steel pipe casing 20 having a predetermined depth and a predetermined diameter and length, ; A geotube 60 inserted into the steel pipe casing 20 at a predetermined depth in the longitudinal direction and having a predetermined diameter and length; A plurality of rope hooks 112 formed at the end of the geotube 60 in the form of a ring or a ring at predetermined intervals and a rope 114 corresponding to the rope hooks 112, And an injury prevention weight (116) for preventing the rear geotube (60) from rising at the other end of the rope. A reinforcing net (70) inserted into the geotube (60) at a predetermined depth in the longitudinal direction and having a predetermined size; The reinforcing net 70 in the geotube 60; And a concrete (90) which is placed and cured.

In addition, a method of constructing a concrete pile of a cast-in-place using a geotube and a float prevention apparatus according to the present invention is characterized in that a steel pipe casing 20 having a predetermined diameter and length is installed in a ground 10 using an excavator 30 (I); (II) excavating the ground 10 in the steel pipe casing 20 to a predetermined depth using a hammer grab 40 and an inverse drill (RCD) / BG 50; A step (III) of fabricating the geotube 60 to match the diameter and length of the steel pipe casing 20; (Iv) connecting the float prevention device 110 to the lower end portion of the geotube 60 by adjusting the length of the rope in consideration of the depth of the weathered rock layer and the soft rock layer; (V) longitudinally inserting a geotube (60) connected to the injury prevention device (110) into the steel pipe casing (20); (Ⅵ) of introducing a reinforcing net (70) having a predetermined size in the longitudinal direction into the geotube (60) to a predetermined depth; The trestle pipe 80 is installed in the center of the reinforcing net 70 and the concrete pipe 90 is placed on the trestle pipe 80 so that the front end of the pipe casing is 2 m higher than the tip height of the trestle pipe 80 The step (VII) of interlocking the trimming tube (80) with the steel pipe casing (20) at the same height simultaneously.

The present invention having the above-described structure has the following effects in the case of a cast concrete pile using a geotube and its injury prevention device.

First, the present invention relates to a geotube having a perfect formwork function in a steel pipe casing by organically combining a steel pipe casing for constructing a concrete pile for placing a concrete, a geotube and an injury prevention device, There is an advantage that the loss of concrete can be prevented.

Second, since the steel pipe casing is combined with the geotube and the injury prevention device in an organic manner, concrete can be poured and the steel pipe casing can be drawn out at an early stage. Therefore, compared with the conventional method, the construction time is shortened, So that the quality of the apparatus can be improved.

Third, since the concrete can be poured into the geotube having the form-type and the tremy pipe and the steel pipe casing can be interlocked with each other, it is possible to shorten the working time and improve the efficiency of using the steel pipe casing and the equipment.

FIGS. 1 to 6 are process charts showing a construction process of a pile of a cast-in-place concrete according to the present invention,
1 is an exemplary view showing a state in which a steel pipe casing (or a sacrificial steel pipe) is placed on land, in water or in water.
2 is an exemplary view showing a state in which a ground in a steel pipe casing is excavated by an excavator.
3 is an exemplary view showing a state in which a geotube is inserted up to an excavated ground by using a float prevention device in a steel pipe casing.
4 is an exemplary view showing a state of inserting a reinforcing net into a geotube.
Fig. 5 is an example of installing a trestle tube in a reinforcing net and pouring concrete.
6 is an exemplary view showing the completed state of the concrete pile after drawing the steel pipe casing.
7 is an exemplary view showing an injury prevention device.
Figure 8 is an illustration showing various sizes of geotube fabrication.
FIGS. 9A to 9D illustrate cross-sectional views of various shapes of geotubes used in a pile of a cast-in-place concrete according to the present invention.
FIG. 10 is an exemplary view showing a conventional method of placing a concrete pile on a site.

For a better understanding of the present invention, a preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings. The embodiments of the present invention may be modified into various forms, and the scope of the present invention should not be construed as being limited to the embodiments described in detail below. Embodiments of the present invention are provided to more fully describe the present invention to those skilled in the art. Therefore, the shapes and the like of the elements in the drawings can be exaggeratedly expressed to emphasize a clearer description. It should be noted that in the drawings, the same members are denoted by the same reference numerals. Further, detailed descriptions of well-known functions and configurations that may be unnecessarily obscured by the gist of the present invention are omitted.

Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

FIG. 1 is a view showing a state in which a steel pipe casing (or a sacrificial steel pipe) is placed on land, in water or underwater, and FIG. 1 3 is a view showing an example of a state in which a geotube is extended to a ground excavated by using a float prevention device in a steel pipe casing, 5 is a view showing an example in which a trestle pipe is installed in a reinforcing net and a concrete is laid. Fig. 6 is a view showing an example in which a steel pipe casing is pulled out, FIG. 7 is a view illustrating an example of an injury prevention device used in a pile of a cast-in-place concrete according to the present invention, and FIG. And FIGS. 9A to 9D illustrate cross-sectional views of various shapes of geotubes used in a pile of a cast-in-place concrete according to the present invention.

As shown in these figures, the cast concrete piles using the geotube and the float prevention apparatus according to the present invention are inserted into the ground 10 at a predetermined depth, and the steel pipe casing 20 having a predetermined diameter and length, and; A geotube 60 inserted into the steel pipe casing 20 at a predetermined depth in the longitudinal direction and having a predetermined diameter and length; A plurality of rope hooks 112 formed at the end of the geotube 60 in the form of a ring or a ring at predetermined intervals and a rope 114 corresponding to the rope hooks 112, And an injury prevention weight (116) for preventing the rear geotube (60) from rising at the other end of the rope. A reinforcing net (70) inserted into the geotube (60) at a predetermined depth in the longitudinal direction and having a predetermined size; And a concrete 90 placed on the reinforcing net 70 in the geotube 60 to be hardened.

That is, the cast concrete pile using the geotube and the float prevention apparatus according to the present invention is composed of a steel pipe casing 20, a geotube, an injury prevention device, a reinforcing net 70 and a concrete 90.

Here, the steel pipe casing 20, the reinforcing net 70, the concrete 90, and the like are well known in the art and will not be described herein.

The geotube 60 is a material commonly used in conventional civil engineering work, and is a PET (polyethylene terephthalate) It is mainly made of PP, but it can be used as a material of any kind of stone, PVC, FRP. As shown in FIG. 8, the geotube 60 is constructed in various sizes and is combined with the length of the steel pipe casing 20. The tensile strength of the geotube 60 when filled with concrete is 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50 ton / m. As shown in FIGS. 9A to 9D, the geotube 60 may have any one of a circular pipe, a corrugated pipe, a spiral pipe, a smooth pipe, and a corrugated pipe. However, considering the workability and the sectional area of the concrete column, A tubular shape is preferable.

A geotube 60 is inserted into the inserted steel pipe casing 20 and a reinforcing net 70 is inserted into the geotube 60. The center of the reinforcing net 70 is installed with a trestle tube 80 So that the concrete 90 is poured. The outer reinforcing bar at the front end of the reinforcing net 70 is bent inward to prevent the geotube 60 from being caught or torn when the reinforcing net 70 is inserted into the geotube 60.

The concrete 90 pushes up the geotube 60 by buoyancy while covering the anti-floating weight 116 at the bottom of the ground with the concrete 90 being laid. The geotube 60 starts to float by the concrete filled from the front end and floats up only by the length of the rope 114 attached to the float prevention weight 116 and then stops. Here, the end of the geotube 60 is brought into contact with the portion of the spacer 111 which is attached to the lower end of the reinforcing net 70 in the same line densely so that the end of the geotube is not folded or rolled into the inside of the reinforcing net, And is disposed so as to spread toward the inner peripheral surface of the casing. The concrete pipe 80 and the steel pipe casing 20 are interlocked with each other when the height of the steel pipe casing reaches a position 2 m or more higher than the front end of the trasmet tube 80 while the concrete is continuously pushed up through the tramp tube, . The cone crush column in which the steel pipe casing 20 is pulled out is designed to protect the outer surface of the concrete because the geotube 60 acts as a form by wrapping the outer wall of the concrete pipe 20. Therefore, The problem of loss of concrete due to the clearance between the steel pipe casing and rock mass partially buried in the steep slope rocks in the sea, the problem of loss of concrete in the section where the underground aquifers pass, and the settlement of the concrete collapse in the soft ground So that it is possible to construct an on-site concrete pile having excellent performance.

 When the reinforcing net 70 is connected to the geotube 60, the position of the space between the geotube 60 and the reinforcing net 70 is precisely adjusted. The reinforcing bars of the reinforcing net 70 are connected to the geotube 60, The spacer 100 is fixed to the reinforcing net 70 along the longitudinal direction at predetermined intervals on the outer circumferential surface thereof in order to prevent the reinforcing net 60 from being caught or torn. Particularly, since the spacer 100 accurately positions the geotube 60 and the reinforcing bar 70 after the geotube 60 is inserted into the steel pipe casing 20, The spacers 100 are alternately provided on the left and right sides of the geotube 60 so as not to be offset to any one of the inner and outer surfaces of the geotube 60. In this case, since the reinforcing net 70 structure is maintained without being directly contacted with the geotube 60, it is possible to maintain a constant coating thickness of the concrete at the time of pouring the concrete, thereby forming a solid and durable concrete pile.

A plurality of separate ring-shaped or annular rope hooks 130 are attached to the outer circumferential surface of the lower end of the geotube 60. The rope hook 130 is provided with a plurality of ropes And the other end of each of the plurality of ropes 114 is attached to the other end of the rope 114. The other end of the rope 114 is attached to the other end of the rope 114, The float prevention weight 116 can prevent the geotube 60 from sinking when water is filled in the steel pipe casing 20 or when the geotube 60 is inserted into the steel pipe casing 20 due to buoyancy, 60 can be easily inserted into the steel pipe casing 20 due to its own weight and therefore the suspending preventive weight 116 is hung on the end of the geotube 60 so that the geotube 60 is designed in the steel pipe casing 20 So that it can be inserted up to the depth. In addition, when the concrete is poured into the geotube 60, the floatation preventing device 110 prevents the geotube 60 from rising upward due to the buoyancy or pressure of the concrete. The length of the rope is adjusted so that the lower end of the geotube 60 is aligned with the height of the weathered stratum. The lower end of the geotube 60 is formed by placing concrete in the weathered rock layer and the soft rock layer, . Since the height of the weathered rock layer and the soft rock layer can be known through the depth of the soil layer, the gravel layer, the weathered rock and the soft rock layer and the length of the steel pipe casing 20 inserted through the drilling during the geological survey, The length can be adjusted. The rope 114 can be manufactured by adjusting the length thereof as needed, and the material thereof can be composed of any one of a wire rope, a techno wire, and a carbon fiber.

The weight of the float prevention weight 116 is determined in consideration of the buoyancy of the geotube 60. The weight of the float prevention weight 116 may be circular, A cone shape, or a boss shape, and one or more of them may be used depending on the weight.

Therefore, if the placement of the anti-floating apparatus 120 is suspended from the end of the lower end of the geotube 60 and inserted into the steel pipe casing 20, the geotube 60 and the pile- The geotube 60 can be easily inserted into the steel pipe casing 20 and the geotube 60 inserted into the steel pipe casing 20 due to the concrete pouring can be prevented from buoyancy The height of the rope 114 can be easily adjusted to maintain the supporting force by placing the concrete in the weathered rock and the soft rock.

Construction of a cast-in-place concrete pile using the geotube and its injuries prevention apparatus according to the present invention constructed as described above will be described.

A method of constructing a pile of cast concrete using a geotube (60) and an injury preventive device (110) according to the present invention is characterized in that a steel pipe casing (20) having a predetermined diameter and a predetermined length is installed in an excavator A step (I) of approximating a predetermined depth using the method; (II) excavating the ground 10 in the steel pipe casing 20 to a predetermined depth using the hammer grab 40 and an inverse drill (RCD) / BG, and penetrating the steel pipe casing to the designed depth; A step (III) of fabricating the geotube 60 to match the diameter and length of the steel pipe casing 20; A step (III) of adjusting the length of the rope to the lower end of the geotube (60) in consideration of the frictional force and the tip supporting force in consideration of the weathered rock layer and the soft rock layer; (V) longitudinally inserting a geotube (60) connected to the injury prevention device (110) into the steel pipe casing (20); (Ⅵ) of interposing a reinforcing net (70) having a predetermined length in the longitudinal direction into the depth of the design depth in the geotube (60); The trestle pipe 80 is installed in the center of the reinforcing net 70 and the concrete pipe 90 is placed on the trestle pipe 80 so that the front end of the pipe casing is 2 m higher than the tip height of the trestle pipe 80 (VII) of interlocking the trimming tube (80) with the steel pipe casing (20) and drawing them at the same height at the same time.

Here, the step (II) of excavating the ground (10) and penetrating the steel pipe casing up to the design depth is firstly excavated using a hammer grab, an inversion drill (RCD) / BG, Secondly, the foundation consisting of weathered rock or soft rock is excavated using inversion drill (RCD) / BG and excavation is performed while removing the slime. When the length of the steel pipe casing is penetrated, the next casing is connected repeatedly The steel pipe casing is penetrated to the depth of design depth, the rock is excavated to the design depth, and the slime settled on the bottom is discharged and cleaned.

In the inserting step (V) of inserting the geotube 60, when the injury prevention device 110 is connected to the lower end of the geotube 60 and inserted into the steel pipe casing 20, The lower end of the tube 60 is inserted to the design depth.

In step (VII), when the reinforcing net (70) having a predetermined length in the longitudinal direction is inserted in the geotube (60) to the depth of the design depth, the concrete is inserted in the geotube (60) So that only the length of the rope 114 is floated. At this time, the concrete is directly put into the weathered rock layer and the soft rock layer to maintain the friction supporting force and the tip supporting force. The geotube 60 floats only up to the length of the rope 114. The float prevention weight and the gravity are no longer lifted by the rope 114 and the concrete is held in the geotube 60 until the steel pipe casing 20 When the tip of the steel pipe casing becomes 2 m higher than the tip height of the trimming tube 80, the trimming tube 80 and the steel pipe casing 20 are interlocked and pulled out at the same height at the same time.

That is, in the method of constructing a concrete pile for casting using a geotube and a float prevention apparatus according to the present invention, after inserting the steel pipe casing 20 into the ground 10 with the excavator 30, The soil layer 12 and the gravel layer 14 are first drilled with the hammer grab 40 and the slime is removed after the rock blocks 16 and 18 are excavated with the inversion drill RCD / BG, 20 are inserted into the geotube 60 in a state where the injured weight 116 and 120 are attached to the lower end of the geotube 60 and the reinforcing net 70 is inserted into the geotube 60 The concrete 90 is poured through the trestle pipe 80 and the steel pipe casing 20 is pulled out to form a pile of cast concrete in the ground.

Therefore, the cast-in-place concrete pile using the geotube and its injuries prevention apparatus according to the present invention constructed as described above is installed in order to strengthen the supporting force of the ground 10 on which the civil engineering structure is installed, The steel pipe casing 20 for the geotube 60 and the float prevention device 110 are organically coupled to each other to facilitate the concrete pouring and construction of civil engineering structures. In addition, the concrete is submerged by the geotube 60 to prevent aggregate separation, collapse, conduction, and the like, and the large-diameter steel pipe casing of the water- or sea- And it is possible to solve the problems of loss of concrete and securing of quality caused by loss of concrete through cracks. The method of pulling out the casing while pouring the concrete causes the casing to be pulled out before the concrete is hardened. In the passage area of the underground aquifer through which the groundwater flows, the groundwater flows from the portion where the groundwater and concrete directly contact, Can be solved.

10: Soil or underwater
20: Steel pipe casing
30: Excavator
40: hammer grab, or RCD / BG
60: Geotube
70: Reinforcing mesh
80: Treble pipe
90: Concrete
100: Spacer
110: injury prevention device
112: Rope hook
114: rope
116: injury prevention chut
220: Inflatable concrete uprights
222: iron plate
224: air tube
226: Air valve
228: Pipe
250: Inner tube

Claims (7)

  1. A steel pipe casing (20) inserted into the ground (10) at a predetermined depth and having a predetermined diameter and length; A geotube 60 inserted into the steel pipe casing 20 at a predetermined depth in the longitudinal direction and having a predetermined diameter and length;
    A plurality of rope hooks 112 formed at the end of the geotube 60 in the form of a ring or a ring and provided at a predetermined interval and a plurality of rope hooks 112 corresponding to the rope hooks 112, (110) for preventing the rear geotube (60) from floating on the other end of the rope;
    A reinforcing net (70) inserted into the geotube (60) at a predetermined depth in the longitudinal direction and having a predetermined size;
    And a concrete (90) placed on the reinforcing net (70) in the geotube (60) to be hardened,
    The reinforcing bar 70 is fixed on the outer circumferential surface of the spacer 100 alternately at predetermined intervals and the reinforcing bars of the outer circumferential surface of the distal end portion are bent inward. Wherein the reinforcing member is formed of a pile of a cast-in-place concrete using a geotube and its injuries prevention apparatus,
  2. The method according to claim 1,
    The geotube 60 has a tensile strength of 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45 and 50 ton / m when filled with concrete, The material is tin, PVC, FRP, PE. PP, and the cross-sectional shape thereof is a circular tube. The pile of a cast-in-place concrete using a geotube and its injury prevention device.
  3. The method according to claim 1,
    The weight of the flotation prevention weight 116 is determined in consideration of the buoyancy of the geotube 60. The cross section of the flotation weight 116 may be any one of a circular shape, a diamond shape, a cone shape, and a boss shape And one or more of them are used depending on the weight of the geotube.
  4. The method according to claim 1,
    The rope (114) can be manufactured by adjusting the length of the rope (114), and the material of the rope (114) is made of wire rope, techno wire or carbon fiber.
  5. delete
  6. The method according to claim 1,
    Spacers 100 are fixed on the outer circumferential surface of the reinforcing bar 70 at the distal end of the geotube 60 at densely spaced intervals on the same line to prevent the tip of the geotube 60 from being pushed into the reinforcing bar 70 Wherein the pile is placed on the ground using a geotube and its injuries prevention device.
  7. A step (I) of approaching a steel pipe casing (20) having a predetermined diameter and length to a ground (10) at a predetermined depth using an excavator (30);
    (II) excavating the ground 10 in the steel pipe casing 20 to a predetermined depth using a hammer grab 40 and an inverse drill (RCD) / BG 50;
    A step (III) of fabricating the geotube 60 to match the diameter and length of the steel pipe casing 20;
    A step (III) of adjusting the length of the rope to the lower end of the geotube (60) in consideration of the frictional force and the tip supporting force in consideration of the weathered rock layer and the soft rock layer;
    (V) longitudinally inserting a geotube (60) connected to the injury prevention device (110) into the steel pipe casing (20);
    (Ⅵ) of introducing a reinforcing net (70) having a predetermined size in the longitudinal direction into the geotube (60) to a predetermined depth;
    The concrete pipe 80 is installed in the center of the reinforcing net 70 and the concrete pipe 90 is placed on the concrete pipe 80 so that the front end of the steel pipe casing is positioned 2 m above the front end of the trap pipe 80 And a step (VII) of interlocking the trestle pipe (80) and the steel pipe casing (20) at the same height at the same time from when the trestle pipe (80) and the steel pipe casing (20) are connected.
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KR101664368B1 (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-10-24 박을재 A cast-in place pile arrangement method for head of concrete pile exposed to outside using geo tube
KR101710363B1 (en) * 2015-09-11 2017-02-27 박을재 Geo tube for Concrete Pile driven in field and the seaming method
KR101758280B1 (en) * 2017-01-31 2017-07-14 박재홍 Binfing method and apparatus for geo-tube fixing wire of reinforcing rod net
KR20190081244A (en) * 2017-12-29 2019-07-09 현대건설주식회사 Steel reinforcement cage included PVC mat for keeping shape of cast­in place pile in poor subsoil

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KR100985823B1 (en) 2009-07-10 2010-10-08 박경용 The foundation means of reinforcement work for which pulling out resistance pile and this were used
KR101281601B1 (en) * 2012-10-04 2013-07-03 한국건설기술연구원 Suction pile and construction method of such suction pile by blow of weight

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KR100618597B1 (en) * 2004-11-16 2006-09-04 민경건설 주식회사 Cast in place concrete pile using vibro magnetic shovel hammer, and the construction method of this
KR100985823B1 (en) 2009-07-10 2010-10-08 박경용 The foundation means of reinforcement work for which pulling out resistance pile and this were used
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KR101710363B1 (en) * 2015-09-11 2017-02-27 박을재 Geo tube for Concrete Pile driven in field and the seaming method
KR101664368B1 (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-10-24 박을재 A cast-in place pile arrangement method for head of concrete pile exposed to outside using geo tube
KR101758280B1 (en) * 2017-01-31 2017-07-14 박재홍 Binfing method and apparatus for geo-tube fixing wire of reinforcing rod net
KR20190081244A (en) * 2017-12-29 2019-07-09 현대건설주식회사 Steel reinforcement cage included PVC mat for keeping shape of cast­in place pile in poor subsoil
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