KR101451356B1 - Fertilizer pack having super absorbent polymer - Google Patents

Fertilizer pack having super absorbent polymer Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101451356B1
KR101451356B1 KR1020130147106A KR20130147106A KR101451356B1 KR 101451356 B1 KR101451356 B1 KR 101451356B1 KR 1020130147106 A KR1020130147106 A KR 1020130147106A KR 20130147106 A KR20130147106 A KR 20130147106A KR 101451356 B1 KR101451356 B1 KR 101451356B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
water
trees
crops
weight
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KR1020130147106A
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Korean (ko)
Inventor
조규홍
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조규홍
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Priority to KR1020130131005 priority
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Publication of KR101451356B1 publication Critical patent/KR101451356B1/en

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/30Layered or coated, e.g. dust-preventing coatings
    • C05G5/38Layered or coated, e.g. dust-preventing coatings layered or coated with wax or resins
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B17/00Other phosphatic fertilisers, e.g. soft rock phosphates, bone meal
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C11/00Other nitrogenous fertilisers

Abstract

The present invention relates to a fertilizer pack including a high absorbent resin, which continuously provides moisture and nutrient to crops and trees by having the high absorbent resin. The fertilizer pack including a high absorbent resin according to the present invention comprises a fertilizer pack formed with aqueous vinyl or aqueous paper to be sealed, and a high absorbent resin, and stores mixed nitrogen (N) quality fertilizer, phosphor (P) quality fertilizer, and a potassium (K) quality fertilizer in the fertilizer pack, to embed the same in soil of trees and crops to provide moisture and nutrient to trees and crops.

Description

{Fertilizer pack having super absorbent polymer}

The present invention relates to a fertilizer bag containing a superabsorbent resin which continuously supplies moisture and nutrients to crops and trees.

Due to climate change due to global warming, heat and drought occur every year in the region, causing a lot of damage to crops, trees in the streets and trees in the city.

Especially, the landscape water of the inner city streets and plazas are planted in impervious packing materials such as clay block and granite plate. However, rainwater can not penetrate properly into the ground and desertification of the soil is more rapid It proceeds.

Soil desertification causes a great deal of water stress to the trees. Administrative officials such as government offices install water pockets for each tree and work on the irrigation water continuously to solve the water stress.

However, due to drought, the moisture stress of the trees is a phenomenon occurring simultaneously in all the trees in the area. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out the irrigation work simultaneously, so that sudden labor mobilization, water bag preparation, supply of irrigation equipment, Due to the need for irrigation work, it is often not feasible.

Korean Patent Publication No. 10-2004-0002836

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention has been made to solve the above problems, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a method and apparatus for preventing water stress from being supplied to crops or trees by continuously supplying water to crops or trees without having to perform irrigation work on the trees, At the same time, it is an object of the present invention to provide a fertilizer bag containing a superabsorbent resin capable of promoting the growth of crops or trees.

To achieve the above object, a fertilizer pouch including a superabsorbent resin according to the present invention comprises: a water-soluble vinyl or water-pelletized closed sealed fertilizer pouch; A superabsorbent resin filled in the fertilizer bag; And a fertilizer composed of a mixture of at least one of nitrogen (N), phosphoric acid (P), potassium (K), boron (B) or iron (Fe) And to be supplied with moisture and nutrients to the trees and crops by being buried in the crop soil.

The fertilizer bag may further include activated carbon adsorbed on the plant growth regulator to fill the fertilizer bag.

Further, the fertilizer bag is characterized in that the insecticide of the granular form is further filled.

In addition, the activated carbon adsorbed on the plant growth regulator is characterized in that the plant growth regulator is impregnated with activated carbon, and the activated carbon is dried to adsorb the plant growth regulator on the activated carbon.

Also, the fertilizer pouch is provided with 25 to 35 parts by weight of a superabsorbent resin, 3 to 8 parts by weight of activated carbon containing plant growth regulator, 15 to 25 parts by weight of nitrogen fertilizer, 1 to 3 parts by weight of phosphoric acid fertilizer, 2 to 4 parts by weight are mixed.

Also, the fertilizer bag is provided with 25 to 35 parts by weight of a superabsorbent resin, 3 to 8 parts by weight of activated carbon containing plant growth regulator, 3 to 8 parts by weight of nitrogen fertilizer, 1 to 3 parts by weight of phosphoric acid fertilizer, 1 to 3 parts by weight are mixed.

The fertilizer pouch further comprises 1 to 3 parts by weight of an insecticide.

The fertilizer pouch containing the superabsorbent resin according to the present invention as described above is buried in the soil around the trees or crops and usually absorbs moisture and is faded. When the soil is dried due to drought, the fertilizer bag is continuously applied to the roots of the crops or trees By supplying water, damage caused by drought can be prevented.

It is also possible to induce effective rooting of trees or crops when transplanting and transplanting by supplying a material that promotes the growth of crops or trees with water supply.

It is also possible to prevent crops and trees from being damaged by insect pests mixed with the pesticide.

Hereinafter, a fertilizer bag including a superabsorbent resin according to the present invention will be described in detail.

The fertilizer bag containing the superabsorbent resin according to the present invention is a form in which the superabsorbent resin and the fertilizer are mixed and packed inside the sealed fertilizer bag.

The superabsorbent resin and the fertilizer bag for containing the fertilizer are formed by molding water-soluble vinyl formed with a water-soluble resin or water-soluble paper.

Water-soluble vinyl is a resin-like compound having a large number of hydrophilic groups in the molecule, and water-soluble acrylic and water-soluble epoxy are representative. These water-soluble vinyls are soluble in water upon contact with water

In addition to the water-soluble resin, water-soluble paper formed into pulp may be used as a fertilizer bag. Similar to water-soluble vinyls, pulp-formed water-soluble papers have the property that pulp bonds are loosened or dissolved when they are in contact with water, thereby exposing the contents stored in the pouches.

The superabsorbent resin and the fertilizer are mixed and filled in the fertilizer bag constructed as described above.

The superabsorbent resin absorbs water several tens to hundreds of times its own weight, and does not emit water even under a certain external pressure.

Then, nitrogen (N) fertilizer, phosphoric (P) fertilizer, potassium (K) fertilizer and plant growth regulator are mixed together as a fertilizer together with the superabsorbent resin to fill the fertilizer pouch.

Nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) are the three elements of fertilizer. The fertilizer may be composed of boron (B) and iron (Fe).

That is, any one or two or more of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K) and boron (B) iron (Fe) may be mixed to constitute a fertilizer.

As described above, the present invention can be constructed by mixing a plant growth regulator with a pesticide together with a superabsorbent resin and a fertilizer in a fertilizer bag.

Plant growth regulators can promote the growth of plants, especially roots, to promote early planting of trees and crops, and pesticides can prevent plants from being damaged by pests.

In the fertilizer bag according to the present invention constructed as above, the superabsorbent resin absorbing moisture in the soil supplies moisture necessary for the plant for a long time to prevent drying damage, and the nutrients and the plant growth regulating substances put into the plant, The smooth growth of the crops can be promoted.

When the soil is digested in the spring and fertilized in the trees, if the fertilizer pouch of the present invention is buried around the tree roots, the effect of fertilizing is high and the drying damage of the trees can be prevented, and there is an effect of one stone piling.

To prevent drying damage, the fertilizer pouch of the present invention comprises 25 to 35 parts by weight of a superabsorbent resin, 3 to 8 parts by weight of activated carbon containing plant growth regulator, 15 to 25 parts by weight of nitrogen fertilizer, 1 to 3 parts by weight of phosphoric acid fertilizer And 2 to 4 parts by weight of a calyx fertilizer are mixed and filled into a water-soluble fertilizer pouch.

25 to 35 parts by weight of the superabsorbent resin is mixed. When the amount of the superabsorbent resin is less than 25 parts by weight, the water to be supplied to the trees can not be sufficiently absorbed in the drought period. If the amount is more than 35 parts by weight, It is preferable to mix 25 to 35 parts by weight of the superabsorbent resin, since the efficiency of supplying moisture to the superabsorbent resin does not increase in proportion to the increase in the mixing amount of the superabsorbent resin.

The plant growth regulator is diluted 200-500 times with sodium-5-mononitro-guaiacol (0.3%) in water and added to the activated carbon. The activated carbon is fully dried in the shade and charged into the fertilizer bag.

sodium-5-mononitro-guaiacol has the effect of quickly restoring trees when their growth is poor due to environmental stress.

Fertilizer bags can be easily deformed by moisture and moisture during storage because they are made of water-soluble vinyl or paper. The moisture removal effect is one of the main functions of the activated carbon, and has the effect of preventing the deformation of the product and the effect of adsorbing the plant growth regulator to be packed in the water-soluble bag.

As described above, the fertilizer pouch of the present invention for preventing drying damage is composed of 1 to 3 parts by weight of phosphoric acid fertilizer and 2 to 4 parts by weight of carbonic acid fertilizer mixed with 15 to 25 parts by weight of nitrogen fertilizer, To increase the water utilization efficiency of the tree. Nitrogen has the effect of inducing plants to absorb the moisture of the soil well.

The present invention can also be used when transplanting crops or trees or planting potted plants.

When crops and trees are transplanted and planted, the roots of plants are damaged during the operation. It is necessary to perform early rooting for smooth plant growth. At this time, the fertilizer pouch of the present invention promotes root development and can promote initial planting.

As described above, the fertilizer pouch of the present invention for crop, tree transplanting and planting is composed of 25 to 35 parts by weight of a high-humidity water-based resin, 3 to 8 parts by weight of activated carbon containing plant growth regulator, 3 to 8 parts by weight of nitrogen fertilizer, To 3 parts by weight, and 1 to 3 parts by weight of a carbonaceous fertilizer are mixed and filled into a water-soluble fertilizer pouch.

IBA and IAA, which are a kind of auxin, are not soluble in water, so they are first dissolved in 50-60% alcohol, diluted to 500-1,500 ppm in water, impregnated with activated carbon, And then packed in a fertilizer bag together with N, P and K fertilizers.

The nitrogenous fertilizer of the present invention for preventing the above-mentioned drying damage is mixed with a nitrogenous fertilizer in an amount smaller than that of the nitrogenous fertilizer in order to prevent overgrowth from the root of the plant.

Then, the fertilizer bag can be constituted by further mixing 1 to 3 parts by weight of insecticide in the fertilizer bag.

If insecticides in the form of granules (for example, "Conidos" (trade name)) are included in the fertilizer pouch, the insecticide will dissolve in the soil together with the water of the superabsorbent resin to eradicate the pests of the soil, It is possible to prevent pests and diseases that damage crops and trees.

The fertilizer bag containing the superabsorbent resin according to the present invention can prevent damages caused by drought by continuously supplying moisture to the roots of crops or trees even when a drought occurs.

In addition, it contains a substance that promotes the growth of crops or trees along with the supply of water, and can be used for transplantation and seeding, thereby inducing effective rooting.

The fertilizer pouch containing the superabsorbent resin according to the present invention has been described above.

It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the technical features of the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof.

Therefore, it should be understood that the above-described embodiments are to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than the foregoing description, Ranges and equivalents thereof are to be construed as being included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

  1. Water-soluble water-soluble vinyl or water-soluble paper;
    A superabsorbent resin filled in the fertilizer bag to supply water to the plant;
    A fertilizer filled in the inside of the fertilizer bag, the fertilizer being composed of at least one selected from nitrogen (N), phosphoric acid (P), potassium (K), boron (B) or iron (Fe);
    Activated carbon charged inside the fertilizer bag;
    A plant growth regulator adsorbed on the activated carbon and promoting plant growth; And
    A pesticide in the form of a granule packed in said fertilizer bag,
    The plant growth regulator is a fertilizer pouch containing a superabsorbent resin impregnated with activated carbon by diluting sodium-5-mononitro-guaiacol (0.3%) 200 to 500 times with water.
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KR1020130147106A 2013-10-31 2013-11-29 Fertilizer pack having super absorbent polymer KR101451356B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR20130131005 2013-10-31
KR1020130131005 2013-10-31

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
KR101451356B1 true KR101451356B1 (en) 2014-10-15

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20050090185A (en) * 2004-03-08 2005-09-13 주식회사 동양탄소 Cultivation method of medicinal plant using activated charcoal absorbed organic matter
KR20110015610A (en) * 2008-05-08 2011-02-16 바이엘 크롭사이언스 엘피 Fertilizer-pesticide throw-pack
KR101018895B1 (en) * 2008-10-02 2011-03-04 주식회사 동부한농 Fungicides in agriculture
KR20130046092A (en) * 2011-10-27 2013-05-07 푸른공간 주식회사 Composition for insecticide and disease preventing method thereby

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20050090185A (en) * 2004-03-08 2005-09-13 주식회사 동양탄소 Cultivation method of medicinal plant using activated charcoal absorbed organic matter
KR20110015610A (en) * 2008-05-08 2011-02-16 바이엘 크롭사이언스 엘피 Fertilizer-pesticide throw-pack
KR101018895B1 (en) * 2008-10-02 2011-03-04 주식회사 동부한농 Fungicides in agriculture
KR20130046092A (en) * 2011-10-27 2013-05-07 푸른공간 주식회사 Composition for insecticide and disease preventing method thereby

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