KR101373928B1 - Heat transfer coating solution composition and digital sublimation transfer textile using thereof - Google Patents

Heat transfer coating solution composition and digital sublimation transfer textile using thereof Download PDF

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KR101373928B1
KR101373928B1 KR1020130058759A KR20130058759A KR101373928B1 KR 101373928 B1 KR101373928 B1 KR 101373928B1 KR 1020130058759 A KR1020130058759 A KR 1020130058759A KR 20130058759 A KR20130058759 A KR 20130058759A KR 101373928 B1 KR101373928 B1 KR 101373928B1
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parts
acid
copolymer
silicone
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김계수
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김계수
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D123/00Coating compositions based on homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Coating compositions based on derivatives of such polymers
    • C09D123/02Coating compositions based on homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Coating compositions based on derivatives of such polymers not modified by chemical after-treatment
    • C09D123/04Homopolymers or copolymers of ethene
    • C09D123/08Copolymers of ethene
    • C09D123/0846Copolymers of ethene with unsaturated hydrocarbons containing other atoms than carbon or hydrogen atoms
    • C09D123/0853Vinylacetate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K5/00Use of organic ingredients
    • C08K5/04Oxygen-containing compounds
    • C08K5/09Carboxylic acids; Metal salts thereof; Anhydrides thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L33/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and only one being terminated by only one carboxyl radical, or of salts, anhydrides, esters, amides, imides or nitriles thereof; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L33/04Homopolymers or copolymers of esters
    • C08L33/06Homopolymers or copolymers of esters of esters containing only carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, which oxygen atoms are present only as part of the carboxyl radical
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L67/00Compositions of polyesters obtained by reactions forming a carboxylic ester link in the main chain; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L75/00Compositions of polyureas or polyurethanes; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L75/04Polyurethanes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D183/00Coating compositions based on macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions forming in the main chain of the macromolecule a linkage containing silicon, with or without sulfur, nitrogen, oxygen, or carbon only; Coating compositions based on derivatives of such polymers
    • C09D183/04Polysiloxanes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P5/00Other features in dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form
    • D06P5/003Transfer printing

Abstract

The present invention relates to a heat transfer coating solution composition and digital sublimation transfer cotton textiles using the same, wherein the heat transfer coating solution comprises, based on 100 parts by weight of water: 2-10 parts by weight of an ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymer having 60% of solid content; 0.1-1 parts by weight of at least one kind of acid selected from acetic acid, formic acid, citric acid, tartaric acid and tannic acid; 0.5-2 parts by weight of at least one kind of resin selected from poylurethane having 40% of solid content, an acrylates copolymer and a polyester copolymer; 0.1-10 parts by weight or a silane or silicone resin; 1-5 parts by weight an air freshener; and 0.1-1 parts by weight of an antifoaming agent, and the pH of the solution is 4-8. The heat transfer coating solution disperses and dissolves a resin component and acid at an appropriate rate in water so as to coat it on cotton textiles and dry the textiles. Thereby, the cotton textiles manufactured by sublimation heat transfer with transfer paper on it has high-resolution printed matter and excellent color fastness to washing, and additionally, not only is harmless to the human body but also produce excellent effects in enhancing flexibility, tactility and breathability of the cotton textiles itself.

Description

열전사 코팅액 조성물 및 이를 이용한 디지털 승화전사 면직물{HEAT TRANSFER COATING SOLUTION COMPOSITION AND DIGITAL SUBLIMATION TRANSFER TEXTILE USING THEREOF}Heat transfer coating liquid composition and digital sublimation transfer cotton fabric using the same {HEAT TRANSFER COATING SOLUTION COMPOSITION AND DIGITAL SUBLIMATION TRANSFER TEXTILE USING THEREOF}
본 발명은 열전사 코팅액 조성물 및 이를 이용한 디지털 승화전사 면직물에 관한 것으로, 더욱 상세하게는 잉크젯 프린터에 의해 인쇄되는 승화형 열전사 코팅액 조성물을 면직물이나 T/C, T/R, T/W, C/P. P/C, C/R 등과 같은 면혼방직물, T-셔츠 등과 같은 제품의 표면에 코팅하고 건조시킨 후, 전사지로 승화 열전사함으로써, 고해상도를 지니면서 유연성, 촉감, 통풍성 및 세탁견뢰도가 우수한 열전사 코팅액 조성물에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a thermal transfer coating composition and a digital sublimation transfer cotton fabric using the same, and more particularly, to a sublimation type thermal transfer coating composition printed by an inkjet printer or a cotton fabric or T / C, T / R, T / W, C. / P. By coating and drying the surface of cotton blended fabrics such as P / C, C / R, T-shirts, etc., and then sublimating heat transfer with transfer paper, thermoelectric having high resolution and excellent flexibility, touch, breathability and washing fastness It relates to a four coating liquid composition.
일반적으로, 열전사는 PET 원단 등과 같은 폴리에스테르 계열의 수지로 된 직물에 행하여지고 있으며, 근래에 들어서는 면직물이나 T/C 원단에도 열전사 방법이 요구되고 있으나, 면직물이나 T/C 원단과 같은 면혼방직물에는 그 특성상 승화형 전사잉크와 친화성이 없어 열전사가 제대로 되지 않는 실정이고, 여기에 열전사를 실시하더라도 고해상도의 칼라를 표현할 수 없을 뿐 아니라 특히 검정색의 표현이 잘 되지 않게 된다.
In general, thermal transfer is performed on fabrics made of polyester-based resins such as PET fabrics. Recently, thermal transfer methods are required for cotton fabrics and T / C fabrics, but cotton blended fabrics such as cotton fabrics and T / C fabrics The fabric is not compatible with the sublimation transfer ink due to its characteristics, and thermal transfer is not performed properly. Even if the thermal transfer is performed, not only a high-resolution color can be expressed, but also black is not particularly well represented.
위와 같은 단점 이외에도, 면직물에 대한 열전사는 색소가 첨가된 수지성분을 코팅시킴으로써 촉감이 뻣뻣하고 통풍이 되지 않으며, 세탁견뢰도가 떨어져 열전사로 제조된 면직물 제품은 제품화하기 어려운 문제점이 있다. 따라서 본 발명에서는 열전사용 면(綿) 코팅액을 개발하여 면직물에 코팅시킴으로써, 열전사시 인쇄물이 고해상도와 우수한 세탁견뢰도를 지니면서 제품에 부드러운 면직물의 촉감을 유지 개선시키고 통풍성도 탁월하게 되는 방안을 제시하고자 한다.
In addition to the above disadvantages, the heat transfer to the cotton fabric is coated with a resin component is added to the dye, the touch is stiff and not ventilated, wash fastness is a cotton fabric product manufactured by thermal transfer has a problem that is difficult to commercialize. Therefore, in the present invention, by developing a heat transfer cotton coating solution and coating it on the cotton fabric, to improve the feel of the soft cotton fabric in the product while maintaining the high-resolution and excellent washing fastness during thermal transfer, to provide a way to excellent ventilation do.
상기와 같은 문제를 해결하기 위해, 종래에는 전사지 자체의 개발로 인하여 열전사시 고해상도와 우수한 세탁견뢰도와 직물의 촉감을 유지함으로써 상기와 같은 문제를 해결하고자 하는 노력이 있었다.
In order to solve the above problems, there has been an effort to solve the above problems by maintaining the high resolution and excellent washing fastness and the feel of the fabric during thermal transfer due to the development of the transfer paper itself.
예를 들면, 대한민국 공개특허공보 제10-2000-0051965호(공개일자 : 2000. 08. 16)에서와 같이, 전사지를 사용하여 열전사 공법에 의해 전사를 하는 경우, 기재 종이 위에 실리콘수지를 바인더로 하는 이형층을 형성하고, 그 위에 에틸렌 비닐아세테이트 공중합체로 하부 전사층을 구성하며, 그 위의 상부 전사층으로는 열접착용 수지, 경화 가능형 바인더 등을 함유시킴으로써 인쇄 이미지가 뛰어나고 전사후 전사 이미지의 신축성과 세탁견뢰도를 향상시킬 수 있으며, 공정상의 유기 용매의 사용을 억제하여 환경 친화적이면서 제조 공정을 최소화하여 경제성을 향상시킬 수 있는 칼라 잉크젯 프린터용 열전사용지가 개시되어 있으나, 이는 열전사지에 적층되는 전사층의 수지 성분과 두께로 인하여 직물에 전사된 전사 이미지의 신축성과 세탁견뢰도를 향상시키는데 한계가 있는 것으로 조사되었다.
For example, as in the Republic of Korea Patent Publication No. 10-2000-0051965 (published date: 2000. 08. 16), in the case of transferring by a thermal transfer method using a transfer paper, a silicone resin binder on the base paper A release layer is formed, and the lower transfer layer is formed of ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer thereon, and the upper transfer layer contains a heat-adhesive resin, a curable binder, and the like. Thermal transfer paper for color inkjet printers can be improved, which can improve the elasticity and wash fastness of the transfer image, and can be environmentally friendly by minimizing the use of organic solvents in the process and minimizing the manufacturing process. However, this is a thermal transfer paper. Due to the resin composition and thickness of the transfer layer laminated on the fabric, the elasticity and wash fastness of the transferred image transferred to the fabric are improved. It was examined by a limit.
또한, 대한민국 등록특허공보 제10-0681566(등록일자 : 2007. 02. 05)의 인쇄용 시이트의 제조방법에서는 열전사 잉크의 정착성(fixability)이 우수한 피인쇄층(ink-receiving layer)을 형성시키고 용이하게 박리될 수 있는 실리콘계 인쇄용 시이트의 효율적 제조방법에 관한 것으로, 상기 제조방법은 적어도 셀룰로스계 중합체 및 실리콘계 수지를 구성성분으로서 함유하는 코팅액을, 적어도 코팅할 면상의 표면층이 폴리(비닐리덴 플루오라이드)로 이루어진 캐리어 필름상에 전개시키는 단계; 및 상기 코팅을 건조시켜 피인쇄층을 형성시키는 단계를 포함하고 있으나, 현재에 이르기까지 면직물 등에 전사지로 승화 열전사할 경우, 고해상도를 지니면서 유연성, 촉감, 통풍성 및 세탁견뢰도가 우수한 코팅액에 관한 기술은 제시되고 있지 못하는 실정이다.
In addition, the manufacturing method of the printing sheet of the Republic of Korea Patent Publication No. 10-0681566 (Registration Date: Feb. 05, 2007) forms an ink-receiving layer excellent in the fixability of the thermal transfer ink and The present invention relates to a method for efficiently manufacturing a silicone printing sheet that can be easily peeled off, wherein the manufacturing method comprises a coating liquid containing at least a cellulose-based polymer and a silicone-based resin as a component, and at least the surface layer on which the surface layer to be coated is poly (vinylidene fluoride). Developing on a carrier film consisting of; And a step of drying the coating to form a layer to be printed, but to date, when sublimated by thermal transfer to a cotton fabric or the like, a coating liquid having a high resolution and excellent flexibility, feel, breathability, and wash fastness Is not being presented.
한편, 본 발명에서는 면직물로 된 기재에 열전사할 때 기재에 도포하는 코팅액을 개발함에 의해 열전사시 고해상도를 지니면서 우수한 세탁견뢰도를 유지하고, 그리고 부드러운 면직물의 촉감과 제품의 통풍성도 탁월한 열전사 코팅액 조성물을 개발하여 본 발명을 완성하였다.
On the other hand, in the present invention, by developing a coating liquid to be applied to the substrate when thermal transfer to a cotton fabric substrate, it has a high resolution during thermal transfer, maintains excellent washing fastness, and a thermal transfer coating liquid excellent in the feel of the soft cotton fabric and the ventilation of the product The composition was developed to complete the present invention.
대한민국 공개특허공보 제10-2000-0051965호(공개일자 : 2000. 08. 16)Republic of Korea Patent Publication No. 10-2000-0051965 (published date: 2000. 08. 16) 대한민국 등록특허공보 제10-0681566(등록일자 : 2007. 02. 05)Republic of Korea Patent Publication No. 10-0681566 (Registration Date: 2007. 02. 05) 대한민국 공개특허공보 제10-2009-0046269호(공개일자 : 2009. 05. 11)Republic of Korea Patent Publication No. 10-2009-0046269 (published date: 2009. 05. 11)
본 발명의 목적은 잉크젯 프린터에 의해 인쇄되는 승화형 열전사 코팅액 조성물을 면직물이나 면혼방직물 등에 코팅하고 건조시킨 후, 그 위에 전사지로 승화 열전사함으로써 고해상도를 지니면서 유연성, 촉감, 통풍성 및 세탁견뢰도가 우수한 열전사 코팅액 조성물을 제공하고자 하는 것이다.An object of the present invention is to apply a sublimation type thermal transfer coating liquid composition printed by an inkjet printer to a cotton fabric or cotton blended fabric and the like, and then dried, and then by sublimation heat transfer with a transfer paper thereon to have high resolution while providing flexibility, feel, breathability and washing fastness. It is to provide an excellent thermal transfer coating liquid composition.
상기와 같은 과제를 해결하기 위한 본 발명의 열전사 코팅액 조성물은 물 100중량부를 기준으로, 고형분 함량이 60%인 EVA(Ethylene vinyl acetate) 공중합체 2 ~ 10중량부; 아세트산, 개미산, 구연산, 주석산, 탄닌산 중에서 선택되는 어느 1종 이상의 산 0.1 ~ 1중량부; 고형분 함량이 40%인 폴리우레탄(Poylurethane), 아크릴레이트 공중합체(Acrylates copolymer), 폴리에스테르 공중합체(Polyester copolymer) 중에서 선택되는 어느 1종 이상의 수지 0.5 ~ 2중량부; 실란(Silane) 또는 실리콘(Silicone) 수지 0.1 ~ 10중량부; 방향제 1 ~ 5중량부; 소포제 0.1 ~ 1중량부를 각각 포함하여 이루어지며, 상기 수용액의 pH는 4 ~ 8인 것을 특징으로 한다.
Thermal transfer coating liquid composition of the present invention for solving the above problems is based on 100 parts by weight of water, 2 to 10 parts by weight of EVA (Ethylene vinyl acetate) copolymer having a solid content of 60%; 0.1 to 1 part by weight of any one or more acids selected from acetic acid, formic acid, citric acid, tartaric acid, and tannic acid; 0.5 to 2 parts by weight of any one or more resins selected from a polyurethane, a acrylate copolymer, and a polyester copolymer having a solid content of 40%; 0.1 to 10 parts by weight of silane (Silane) or silicone (Silicone) resin; Fragrance 1 to 5 parts by weight; It comprises 0.1 to 1 parts by weight of the antifoam each, characterized in that the pH of the aqueous solution is 4 to 8.
또한, 상기 실란은 알콕시실란(Alkoxysilane)을 교반하여 가수분해된 균일계 용액으로 형성되고, 상기 실리콘 수지는 실리콘 폴리에스테르(Silicone polyester), 실리콘 글리콜 공중합체(Silicone glycol copolymer)를 단독 또는 2종 이상 교반하여 유화된 균일계 용액으로 형성된다.
In addition, the silane is formed as a homogeneous solution hydrolyzed by stirring alkoxysilane (Alkoxysilane), the silicone resin is a silicone polyester (Silicone polyester), a silicone glycol copolymer (Silicone glycol copolymer) alone or two or more Agitated to form an emulsified homogeneous solution.
그리고 본 발명의 디지털 승화전사 면직물은 상기 열전사 코팅액 조성물을 면직물에 스프레이 코팅 또는 침적 코팅하고 건조시킨 후, 170 ~ 210℃의 온도로 승화 열전사하여 이루어지는 것을 특징으로 하고 있다.In addition, the digital sublimation transfer cotton fabric of the present invention is characterized in that the thermal transfer coating liquid composition by spray coating or immersion coating on the cotton fabric and dried, followed by sublimation heat transfer at a temperature of 170 ~ 210 ℃.
본 발명의 열전사 코팅액 조성물은 수지성분과 산을 적정 비율로 물에 분산 용해시켜 면직물 등에 코팅하고 건조시킴으로써, 그 위에 전사지로 승화 열전사하여 제조된 면직물 제품은 인쇄물이 고해상도를 지니면서 세탁견뢰도가 우수하며, 아울러 인체에 무해할 뿐만 아니라 면직물 자체의 유연성, 촉감, 통풍성 향상에 탁월한 효과가 있다.The thermal transfer coating liquid composition of the present invention is prepared by dispersing and dissolving a resin component and an acid in water in an appropriate ratio, coating the cotton fabric, and drying the same. It is excellent and not only harmless to the human body but also has an excellent effect on improving the flexibility, feel and breathability of the cotton fabric itself.
본 발명의 열전사 코팅액 조성물은 물 100중량부를 기준으로, 고형분 함량이 60%인 EVA(Ethylene vinyl acetate) 공중합체 2 ~ 10중량부; 아세트산, 개미산, 구연산, 주석산, 탄닌산 중에서 선택되는 어느 1종 이상의 산 0.1 ~ 1중량부; 고형분 함량이 40%인 폴리우레탄(Poylurethane), 아크릴레이트 공중합체(Acrylates copolymer), 폴리에스테르 공중합체(Polyester copolymer) 중에서 선택되는 어느 1종 이상의 수지 0.5 ~ 2중량부; 실란(Silane) 또는 실리콘(Silicone) 수지 0.1 ~ 10중량부; 방향제 1 ~ 5중량부; 소포제 0.1 ~ 1중량부를 각각 포함하여 이루어진다.
The thermal transfer coating liquid composition of the present invention, based on 100 parts by weight of water, 2 to 10 parts by weight of EVA (Ethylene vinyl acetate) copolymer having a solid content of 60%; 0.1 to 1 part by weight of any one or more acids selected from acetic acid, formic acid, citric acid, tartaric acid, and tannic acid; 0.5 to 2 parts by weight of any one or more resins selected from a polyurethane, a acrylate copolymer, and a polyester copolymer having a solid content of 40%; 0.1 to 10 parts by weight of silane (Silane) or silicone (Silicone) resin; Fragrance 1 to 5 parts by weight; It comprises 0.1 to 1 part by weight of an antifoaming agent, respectively.
이하에서는 본 발명에 의한 열전사 코팅액 조성물에 대하여 설명하기로 하되, 이는 본 발명이 속하는 기술분야에서 통상의 지식을 가진 자가 발명을 용이하게 실시할 수 있을 정도로 예시하기 위한 것이지, 이로 인해 본 발명의 기술적인 사상 및 범주가 한정되는 것을 의미하지는 않는다.
Hereinafter, the thermal transfer coating liquid composition according to the present invention will be described, which is intended to exemplify the self invention having ordinary skill in the art to which the present invention pertains easily. It does not mean that the technical spirit and scope are limited.
본 발명은 물 100중량부에 대하여 고형분 함량이 60%인 EVA(Ethylene vinyl acetate) 공중합체를 2 ~ 10중량부로 함유하는데, 이는 면직물 등의 표면 전사시에 전사지로부터 침착되는 색소의 부착을 도모하기 위한 수용성 접착제에 해당하며, 고형분 함량이 60%인 EVA를 사용함으로써 수용해성이 우수하게 되고, 그 사용량은 물 100중량부를 기준으로 할 때 10중량부를 초과하여 함유하면 색소 부착성은 우수하지만 직물이 뻣뻣하게 되어 통풍성과 촉감이 불량해질 우려가 있다.
The present invention contains 2 to 10 parts by weight of an EVA (Ethylene vinyl acetate) copolymer having a solid content of 60% with respect to 100 parts by weight of water, which is intended to promote adhesion of pigments deposited from transfer paper during surface transfer of cotton fabrics and the like. It is a water-soluble adhesive for use, and the water solubility is excellent by using EVA having a solid content of 60%, and when the amount is used in an amount of more than 10 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of water, the pigment is excellent but the fabric is stiff. There is a risk of poor breathability and touch.
다음으로, 물에 용해되는 산 성분은 아세트산, 개미산, 구연산, 주석산, 탄닌산 중에서 선택되는 어느 1종 또는 2종 이상을 0.1 ~ 1중량부로 소량 포함하여 수용액의 pH를 4 ~ 8 정도로 유지시키게 되며, 이러한 작용으로부터 추후에 첨가되는 수지 성분은 물에 대하여 분산성과 유화안정성이 우수하게 되고 건조성과 용해성이 향상된다.
Next, the acid component dissolved in water is to maintain the pH of the aqueous solution to about 4 to 8 by including a small amount of 0.1 to 1 parts by weight of any one or two or more selected from acetic acid, formic acid, citric acid, tartaric acid, tannic acid, From this action, the resin component added later becomes excellent in dispersibility and emulsion stability with respect to water, and improves dryness and solubility.
또, 필수적으로 첨가되는 폴리우레탄(Poylurethane), 아크릴레이트 공중합체(Acrylates copolymer), 폴리에스테르 공중합체(Polyester copolymer) 중에서 선택되는 어느 1종 이상의 수지는 고형분 함량이 40% 정도인 것이 수용해성이나 분산성 면에서 우수하며, 또한 상기 수지는 양이온성 수지로서 수분산형 블록타입을 사용하는 것이 바람직한데, 이는 물 100중량부를 기준으로 0.5 ~ 2중량부 정도로 함유됨으로써 경화성이 적절하게 조절되어 전사지를 이용하여 면직물에 인쇄되는 도형이나 문자가 선명하게 인쇄되고 전사된 인쇄물의 내구성도 오랫동안 보장할 수 있다. 이는 전사지에 존재하는 음이온화된 염료(cationic dye)를 사용한 잉크의 정착성(fixability)과 건조성을 향상시키게 됨은 물론이다. 이로 인하여 본 발명은 전사 후 전사 이미지의 신축성과 세탁견뢰도를 향상시킬 수 있으며, 유기 용매의 사용을 억제하여 환경 친화적이면서 경제성을 향상시킬 수 있다.
In addition, at least one resin selected from polyurethane, acrylate copolymer, and polyester copolymer, which is essentially added, has a solid content of about 40%. It is excellent in acidity, and the resin is preferably a water-dispersible block type as a cationic resin, which is contained in an amount of 0.5 to 2 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of water, and thus curability is appropriately controlled to use a transfer paper. Figures and characters printed on cotton fabrics are clearly printed, and the durability of printed materials can be guaranteed for a long time. This, of course, improves the fixability and dryness of the ink using the cationic dye present in the transfer paper. Therefore, the present invention can improve the stretchability and wash fastness of the transfer image after the transfer, and can be environmentally friendly and economical by suppressing the use of the organic solvent.
본 발명은 상기와 같은 기술구성에 의해 종래기술에서 나타나 있는 열전사 용지에 있어 인쇄물의 기공성을 향상시키기 위해 출력매체에 콜로이드 상태의 실리카(colloidal sillica) 또는 알루미나 졸(alumina sol)을 함유하는 다공질 흡수층을 형성하는 등과 같은 불편을 해소할 수 있다.
The present invention is a porous material containing colloidal silica or alumina sol in colloidal state in the output medium in order to improve the porosity of printed matter in the thermal transfer paper shown in the prior art by the above technical configuration. Discomfort such as forming an absorbing layer can be eliminated.
또한, 본 발명에 있어 실란(Silane) 또는 실리콘(Silicone) 수지는 실리콘오일의 고유한 물성을 보존하면서 직물에 대한 친화성도 동시에 부여하는 섬유 유연가공제로서, 실리콘오일 고유의 반발성과 윤활성 등과 같은 특성에 의해 섬유에 우수한 유연성과 촉감을 부여할 수 있고, 그 사용량은 물 100중량부에 대하여 0.1 ~ 10중량부로 사용하는 것이 유화안정성의 면에서 바람직한 것으로 연구되었다.
In addition, in the present invention, silane (Silane) or silicone (Silicone) resin is a fabric softening agent that simultaneously gives the affinity to the fabric while preserving the inherent physical properties of the silicone oil, the characteristics such as resilience and lubricity inherent in silicone oil By this, it is possible to impart excellent flexibility and feel to the fiber, and the amount of use thereof has been studied to be preferably 0.1 to 10 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of water in terms of emulsion stability.
구체적으로, 상기 실란은 알콕시실란(Alkoxysilane)을 교반하여 가수분해된 균일계 용액으로 형성되며, 상기 실리콘 수지는 실리콘 폴리에스테르(Silicone polyester), 실리콘 글리콜 공중합체(Silicone glycol copolymer)를 단독 또는 2종 이상 교반하여 유화된 균일계 용액으로 형성된다.
Specifically, the silane is formed as a homogeneous solution hydrolyzed by stirring alkoxysilane (Alkoxysilane), the silicone resin is a silicone polyester (Silicone polyester), a silicone glycol copolymer (Silicone glycol copolymer) alone or two It is formed as a homogeneous solution emulsified by stirring above.
그리고 본 발명에서 첨가되는 수용성 방향제와 소포제는 본 발명의 물성을 해치지 않는 범위 내에서 각각 1 ~ 5중량부 및 0.1 ~ 1중량부 정도로 사용하는 것이 좋고, 그 구체적인 종류는 당업계에 공지된 사항이므로 이에 관한 자세한 설명은 생략한다.
And it is preferable to use the water-soluble fragrance and antifoaming agent added in the present invention to about 1 to 5 parts by weight and 0.1 to 1 part by weight, respectively, within the range of not impairing the physical properties of the present invention, the specific kind is a matter known in the art Detailed description thereof will be omitted.
또한, 본 발명은 추가적으로 이소프로필알코올(IPA)과 메틸알코올(Methyl alcohol) 중에서 선택되는 어느 1종 이상의 알코올 1 ~ 5중량부를 포함함으로써 수지에 대한 용해성과 건조성을 더욱 향상시킬 수 있다.
In addition, the present invention may further improve solubility and dryness of the resin by additionally including 1 to 5 parts by weight of any one or more alcohols selected from isopropyl alcohol (IPA) and methyl alcohol (Methyl alcohol).
위와 같이 조성된 열전사 코팅액 조성물은 면직물에 스프레이 코팅 또는 침적코팅하고 건조시킨 후, 170 ~ 210℃의 온도로 승화 열전사하여 고해상도를 지니면서 우수한 세탁견뢰도와 부드러운 면직물의 촉감을 유지하고, 통풍성도 탁월한 제품을 얻게 된다.
The thermal transfer coating liquid composition prepared as described above is spray-coated or immersed in cotton fabric, dried, and then sublimated to thermal transfer at a temperature of 170 to 210 ° C. to maintain high-quality washing fastness and soft cotton fabric feel while maintaining high touch and breathability. You get an excellent product.
이상에서 살펴본 바와 같이 본 발명은 수많은 실험을 거쳐 완성되었으나, 이하에서는 당업자가 용이하게 이해하고 실시할 수 있을 정도의 바람직한 실시예를 통하여 본 발명을 설명한다.
While the invention has been shown and described with reference to certain preferred embodiments thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
<실시예 1>&Lt; Example 1 >
물 100g에 고형분 함량이 60%인 EVA 공중합체 2g, 아세트산 0.1g, 고형분 함량이 40%인 폴리우레탄 0.5g, 알콕시실란 0.1g, 방향제 1g, 소포제 0.1g을 각각 투입하여 약 1 ~ 2시간 동안 교반하여 열전사 코팅액 조성물을 제조하였다.
2 g of EVA copolymer having a solid content of 60%, acetic acid 0.1g, 0.5 g of polyurethane having a solid content of 40%, 0.1 g of alkoxysilane, 1 g of fragrance, and 0.1 g of antifoam were added to 100 g of water for about 1 to 2 hours. By stirring, a thermal transfer coating solution composition was prepared.
<실시예 2><Example 2>
물 100g에 고형분 함량이 60%인 EVA 공중합체 5g, 아세트산 0.5g, 고형분 함량이 40%인 폴리우레탄 1g, 알콕시실란 5g, 방향제 3g, 소포제 0.5g을 각각 투입하여 약 1 ~ 2시간 동안 교반하여 열전사 코팅액 조성물을 제조하였다.
5 g of EVA copolymer having a solid content of 60%, acetic acid 0.5g, 1 g of polyurethane with a solid content of 40%, 5 g of alkoxysilane, 3 g of fragrance, and 0.5 g of antifoam were added to 100 g of water and stirred for about 1 to 2 hours. The thermal transfer coating liquid composition was prepared.
<실시예 3><Example 3>
물 100g에 고형분 함량이 60%인 EVA 공중합체 10g, 아세트산 1g, 고형분 함량이 40%인 폴리우레탄 2g, 알콕시실란 10g, 방향제 5g, 소포제 1g을 각각 투입하여 약 1 ~ 2시간 동안 교반하여 열전사 코팅액 조성물을 제조하였다.
10 g of EVA copolymer with 60% solids content, 1 g of acetic acid, 2 g of polyurethane with solids content of 40%, 10 g of alkoxysilane, 5 g of aroma, 5 g of antifoam, and 1 g of antifoam were added and stirred for about 1 to 2 hours. A coating solution composition was prepared.
<실시예 4> ~ <실시예 6><Example 4>-<Example 6>
실시예 1 내지 실시예 3에서 제조된 열전사 코팅액 조성물을 각각 면직물 T-셔츠에 스프레이 코팅하고 건조하여 냉각시킨 후, 전사지를 이용하여 170 ~ 210℃의 온도로 승화 열전사하였다.
Each of the thermal transfer coating liquid compositions prepared in Examples 1 to 3 was spray-coated on a cotton fabric T-shirt, dried and cooled, and then sublimed to thermal transfer at a temperature of 170 to 210 ° C. using a transfer paper.
<비교예><Comparative Example>
위 실시예와 동일한 면직물 T-셔츠에 열전사 코팅액 조성물을 코팅하지 않고, 바로 전사지를 이용하여 170 ~ 210℃의 온도로 승화 열전사하였다.
Without the thermal transfer coating solution composition coated on the same cotton fabric T-shirt as in the above example, the transfer paper was sublimated thermal transfer to a temperature of 170 ~ 210 ℃.
<실험예><Experimental Example>
실시예 4 내지 실시예 6 및 비교예에 따라 각각 제조된 제품에 대한 해상도, 전사효율, 직물의 유연성, 통풍성, 접착성, 세탁견뢰도 등의 물성을 수회(10회) 측정하고 그 결과의 평균값을 아래 표 1에 나타내었다.
The physical properties such as resolution, transfer efficiency, fabric flexibility, air permeability, adhesiveness, wash fastness, etc. of the products manufactured according to Examples 4 to 6 and Comparative Examples were measured several times (10 times) and the average value of the result was measured. It is shown in Table 1 below.


물성


Properties

평가 결과

Evaluation results


시험방법


Test Methods

실시예4

Example 4

실시예5

Example 5

실시예6

Example 6

비교예

Comparative Example

해상도

resolution

4.0

4.0

4.1

4.1

4.2

4.2

2.8

2.8

5점법

5-point method

전사효율(정착성)

Transfer efficiency (settleability)

4.2

4.2

4.6

4.6

4.8

4.8

3.5

3.5

5점법

5-point method

유연성(촉감)

Flexibility

4.6

4.6

4.7

4.7

4.8

4.8

2.4

2.4

5점법

5-point method

직물의 통풍성

Breathability of fabric

4.9

4.9

4.7

4.7

4.5

4.5

3.6

3.6

5점법

5-point method

인쇄접착성

Print adhesiveness

4.3

4.3

4.5

4.5

4.6

4.6

2.9

2.9

5점법

5-point method

세탁견뢰도

Wash fastness

4.9

4.9

4.7

4.7

4.2

4.2

3.5

3.5

5점법

5-point method
- 평가 결과는 1급(불량) ~ 5급(양호)으로 구분한 등급을 평균한 수치임.
-The evaluation result is the average of the grades divided into 1st grade (bad) ~ 5th grade (good).
상기 표 1의 결과에서 보면, 본 발명의 열전사 코팅액 조성물을 이용한 디지털 승화전사 면직물은 해상도, 전사효율, 직물의 유연성, 통풍성, 접착성, 세탁견뢰도 등 모든 물성에서 기존 제품보다 탁월한 성능을 나타내고 있고, 본 발명의 열전사 코팅액 조성물은 면직물뿐 아니라 T/C, T/R, T/W, C/P. P/C, C/R 등과 같은 면혼방직물, T-셔츠 등과 같은 제품에 바로 코팅하고 건조시킨 후, 전사지로 승화 열전사함으로써 기존 제품에 비해 현저히 차별화된 품질을 발휘하게 되므로, 본 발명의 기술적 사상을 벗어나지 않는 범위 내에서 당업자에 의해 여러 가지로 치환, 변형 및 변경이 가능하여 다양한 용도와 형태로 사용되어 질 수 있다.In the results of Table 1, the digital sublimation transfer cotton fabric using the thermal transfer coating liquid composition of the present invention exhibits superior performance than conventional products in all properties such as resolution, transfer efficiency, fabric flexibility, breathability, adhesion, wash fastness , The thermal transfer coating liquid composition of the present invention, as well as cotton fabric T / C, T / R, T / W, C / P. After coating and drying directly on products such as cotton blended fabrics such as P / C, C / R, T-shirts, and the like, and by sublimation heat transfer with a transfer paper, it shows a significantly different quality compared to existing products, Various substitutions, modifications, and changes can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention and can be used in various applications and forms.

Claims (4)

  1. 물 100중량부를 기준으로, 고형분 함량이 60%인 EVA(Ethylene vinyl acetate) 공중합체 2 ~ 10중량부; 아세트산, 개미산, 구연산, 주석산, 탄닌산 중에서 선택되는 어느 1종 이상의 산 0.1 ~ 1중량부; 고형분 함량이 40%인 폴리우레탄(Poylurethane), 아크릴레이트 공중합체(Acrylates copolymer), 폴리에스테르 공중합체(Polyester copolymer) 중에서 선택되는 어느 1종 이상의 수지 0.5 ~ 2중량부; 실란(Silane) 또는 실리콘(Silicone) 수지 0.1 ~ 10중량부; 방향제 1 ~ 5중량부; 소포제 0.1 ~ 1중량부를 각각 포함하는 수용액으로 이루어지되,
    상기 실란은 알콕시실란(Alkoxysilane)을 교반하여 가수분해된 균일계 용액이고, 상기 실리콘 수지는 실리콘 폴리에스테르(Silicone polyester), 실리콘 글리콜 공중합체(Silicone glycol copolymer)를 단독 또는 2종 이상 교반하여 유화된 균일계 용액이며,
    상기 수용액의 pH는 4 ~ 8인 것을 특징으로 하는 열전사 코팅액 조성물.
    2 to 10 parts by weight of EVA (Ethylene vinyl acetate) copolymer having a solid content of 60% based on 100 parts by weight of water; 0.1 to 1 part by weight of any one or more acids selected from acetic acid, formic acid, citric acid, tartaric acid, and tannic acid; 0.5 to 2 parts by weight of any one or more resins selected from a polyurethane, a acrylate copolymer, and a polyester copolymer having a solid content of 40%; 0.1 to 10 parts by weight of silane (Silane) or silicone (Silicone) resin; Fragrance 1 to 5 parts by weight; Antifoaming agent is made of an aqueous solution containing 0.1 to 1 parts by weight, respectively
    The silane is a homogeneous solution hydrolyzed by stirring alkoxysilane, and the silicone resin is emulsified by stirring alone or two or more kinds of silicone polyester and silicone glycol copolymer. Homogeneous solution,
    The pH of the aqueous solution is a thermal transfer coating liquid composition, characterized in that 4 to 8.
  2. 삭제delete
  3. 삭제delete
  4. 제1항에 기재된 열전사 코팅액 조성물을 면직물에 스프레이 코팅 또는 침적코팅하고 건조시킨 후, 170 ~ 210℃의 온도로 승화 열전사하여 이루어지는 것을 특징으로 하는 면직물.A cotton fabric obtained by spray coating or immersion coating on a cotton fabric of the thermal transfer coating liquid composition according to claim 1, followed by drying, followed by sublimation thermal transfer at a temperature of 170 to 210 ° C.
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CN104152070A (en) * 2014-07-18 2014-11-19 关锦池 Method for preparing coating transfer membrane
CN109880466A (en) * 2019-02-20 2019-06-14 太仓佩琦涂料有限公司 Novel flexible nanometer water low-temperature setting Lacquer finish glaze and preparation method thereof

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JP2000086862A (en) * 1998-09-10 2000-03-28 Daicel Chem Ind Ltd Resin composition for thermal transfer recording and image receptor
KR20100003067A (en) * 2008-06-30 2010-01-07 이재광 Blackout screen with dual side printable
KR101127873B1 (en) 2011-12-01 2012-03-21 김성협 Flame retardant coating agent for foam resin and method for preparing the same, polystyrene foam comprising the same
KR20130018248A (en) * 2010-03-26 2013-02-20 도판 인사츠 가부시키가이샤 Film-forming composition and sheet

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JP2000086862A (en) * 1998-09-10 2000-03-28 Daicel Chem Ind Ltd Resin composition for thermal transfer recording and image receptor
KR20100003067A (en) * 2008-06-30 2010-01-07 이재광 Blackout screen with dual side printable
KR20130018248A (en) * 2010-03-26 2013-02-20 도판 인사츠 가부시키가이샤 Film-forming composition and sheet
KR101127873B1 (en) 2011-12-01 2012-03-21 김성협 Flame retardant coating agent for foam resin and method for preparing the same, polystyrene foam comprising the same

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104152070A (en) * 2014-07-18 2014-11-19 关锦池 Method for preparing coating transfer membrane
CN109880466A (en) * 2019-02-20 2019-06-14 太仓佩琦涂料有限公司 Novel flexible nanometer water low-temperature setting Lacquer finish glaze and preparation method thereof

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