KR101347762B1 - 방습 마루판 세트 및 마루 - Google Patents

방습 마루판 세트 및 마루 Download PDF

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KR101347762B1
KR101347762B1 KR1020087019393A KR20087019393A KR101347762B1 KR 101347762 B1 KR101347762 B1 KR 101347762B1 KR 1020087019393 A KR1020087019393 A KR 1020087019393A KR 20087019393 A KR20087019393 A KR 20087019393A KR 101347762 B1 KR101347762 B1 KR 101347762B1
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delete delete
floorboard
moistureproof
moisture
set
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KR20080091475A (ko
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마르크스 베르게린
매츠 닐쓴
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뵈린게 이노베이션 에이비이
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02038Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements characterised by tongue and groove connections between neighbouring flooring elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/66Sealings
    • E04B1/68Sealings of joints, e.g. expansion joints
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
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    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/10Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products
    • E04C2/16Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products of fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/10Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products
    • E04C2/24Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products laminated and composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/12, E04C2/16, E04C2/20
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02005Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips
    • E04F15/02016Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips with sealing elements between flooring elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
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    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
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    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/18Separately-laid insulating layers; Other additional insulating measures; Floating floors
    • E04F15/181Insulating layers integrally formed with the flooring or the flooring elements
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    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
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    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
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    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
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    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
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    • E04F2201/025Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections with tongue and grooves alternating transversally in the direction of the thickness of the panel, e.g. multiple tongue and grooves oriented parallel to each other
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    • E04F2201/026Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections with rabbets, e.g. being stepped
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    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
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    • E04F2201/0523Separate tongues; Interlocking keys, e.g. joining mouldings of circular, square or rectangular shape
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    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
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    • E04F2201/0523Separate tongues; Interlocking keys, e.g. joining mouldings of circular, square or rectangular shape
    • E04F2201/0547Separate tongues; Interlocking keys, e.g. joining mouldings of circular, square or rectangular shape adapted to be moved perpendicular to the joint edge
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
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    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2290/00Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for
    • E04F2290/04Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire
    • E04F2290/041Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire against noise
    • E04F2290/042Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire against noise with a facing or top layer for sound insulation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/16Two dimensionally sectional layer
    • Y10T428/163Next to unitary web or sheet of equal or greater extent
    • Y10T428/164Continuous two dimensionally sectional layer
    • Y10T428/167Cellulosic sections [e.g., parquet floor, etc.]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24777Edge feature

Abstract

본 발명은 장식 그루브(7) 및/또는 밀봉 수단(51, 52, 53, 54)이 제공된 탄성 표면층(4)을 구비한 방습 마루판(1, 1') 세트 및 그러한 마루판으로 이루어진 마루에 관한 것이다.

Description

방습 마루판 세트 및 마루{MOISTURE PROOF SET OF FLOORBOARDS AND FLOORING}

기술분야

본 발명은, 장식 그루브 및/또는 밀봉 수단을 포함하는 탄성 표면층을 구비한 방습 마루판 및 마루 세트에 관한 것이다.

배경기술

특히, 제한되지 않는 방법으로서, 본 발명은 적어도 2개의 대향 가장자리에서 형성되며 장식 그루브가 제공되는 탄성 표면층을 구비한 본 발명은 기계적 잠금 시스템을 포함하는 마루판에 관한 것이다. 종래 기술에 대한 이하의 기술은, 공지된 시스템의 문제점과 제한되지 않는 실시예로서의 본 발명의 목적 및 특징이 적용되는 것을 목적으로 한다. 본 발명은 어떠한 마루판에서도 사용될 수 있으며 공지된 모든 형식의 잠금 시스템과 조합될 수 있음을 강조하고자 하며, 이러한 마루판은 적어도 2개의 인접한 두께에서 수평 및 수직 방향으로 패널을 연결하는 기계적 잠금 시스템을 사용하여 연결되도록 의도된 것이다.

예를 들어 WO 03/012224에 개시된 바와 같이, 탄성 표면층을 구비한 마루판에 경사면(bevel)의 형태로 장식 연결부가 제공될 수 있음이 공지되어 있다.

발명의 요약

지금까지 공지된 장식 연결부를 구비한 탄성 표면층을 갖는 마루판은 소정의 단점을 갖는다. 탄성 표면층의 두께보다 작은 경사부를 구비한 가장자리를 제공하는 것만이 가능하다. 경사면이 더 커지면, 경사면은 습기에 민감한 코어 아래로 연장된다. 탄성층은 일반적으로 얇으며, 따라서 거의 보이지 않는 작은 경사면을 제공하는 것만이 가능하다. 다른 단점은, 매력적 외관 및 장식 연결부의 총 너비 증가를 위해, 연결되고 인접한 2개의 마루판 가장자리에 경사면이 제공되어야 한다는 점이다. 탄성 표면층을 구비한 2개의 마루판 사이의 공지된 연결부는 연결부 내로 습기 침투 문제를 가지며, 이는 습기 민감 코어 또는 하위 마루(sun-floor)를 파괴한다. 연결부에서의 마루판에 경사면이 제공되는 경우, 2개의 인접한 경사면에 의해 형성되는 V형 그루브와 탄성 물질의 남은 얇은 배리어 부분의 바닥부에서 해로우며 습기성 물질의 누적으로 인해 이러한 문제점들은 증가한다.

본 발명은 방습 마루 및 탄성 표면층을 구비한 방습 마루판 세트를 목적으로 하며, 장점을 갖는 새로운 실시예를 제공한다. 마루판을 위한 유용한 영역은, 예를 들어 유해물에 강하게 노출되며 따라서 걸레질에 의한 청소가 필요한 상가, 식당, 선박, 호텔, 공항, 또는 가정의 방의 일반적인 마루이다. 다른 유용한 영역은 습윤한 방이다. 방습 마루판은, 마루판의 정면에 방습 물질이 제공되며 마루판 가장자리가 마루판과 다른 인접한 마루판 사이의 방습 연결부를 획득하도록 이루어짐을 의미한다.

제 1 양상에 따라, 본 발명은 정면, 후면, 코어, 마루판과 유사한 마루판의 연결을 위해 적어도 2개의 대향 가장자리에 배열되는 연결 수단, 정면에 있는 바람직하게는 고무 또는 플라스틱의 탄성 표면층을 포함하는 방습 마루판 세트를 제공한다. 탄성 표면층은 마루판의 가장자리에서 장식 그루브를 포함한다. 장식 그루브의 바닥부는 본질적으로 평평하며 정면에 평행하다.

첫 번째 장점은, 장식 그루브의 너비 제한이 없다는 점이다. 넓은 장식 그루브조차도 수밀식(watertight)이며, 코어 또는 하위 마루를 보호한다. 두 번째 장점은, 2개의 좁은 그루브를 넓은 것으로 대체하는 것이 가능하기에 가장자리 크기의 오직 절반만이 작동하여야 한다는 점이다.

바람직하게는, 장식 그루브를 구비한 가장자리가 밀봉 수단을 구비한 탄성층 내에 제공되는데, 이러한 밀봉 수단은 인접한 다른 마루판의 가장자리의 탄성층 내에 있는 다른 밀봉 수단과 협동하여 밀봉이 이루어질 수 있도록 구성된다. 일 실시예에서, 밀봉 수단은 수평 방향으로 연장된 돌출부를 포함하며, 다른 밀봉 수단은 측부 개방 그루브(sideways open groove)를 포함한다. 가장 바람직한 실시예에서, 밀봉 부재 중 하나 또는 2개 모두에 밀봉제가 제공된다.

다른 바람직한 실시예에서, 2개의 모든 밀봉 수단이 밀봉제가 제공된 측부 개방 그루브를 포함한다.

바람직하게는, 연결 수단이 마루판의 2개의 대향 가장자리에 형성된 기계적 잠금 시스템으로 이루어지며, 이는 유사한 마루와의 연결 기능을 한다. 굽힘(angling)에 의한 기계적 잠금 시스템은 예를 들어 WO 94/26999에 개시되며, 이 는 직사각 마루의 장측면에서 특히 바람직하며, 그리고 WO 94/26999와 유사하며 PCT/SE2005/001586에 개시된 굽힘 잠금 시스템과 조합되는 경우 다른 잠금 시스템이 단계에서 특히 바람직하며, 이들의 출원인은 Valinge Innovation AB이다. 마루판의 다른 형태도 가능하다. 전술한 잠금 시스템의 조합은 바람직하게는 간단한 작용 방법에 의한 소정의 방법으로 마루 패널을 연결하는 것을 가능하게 하며, 여기에서 장측 가장자리는 굽힘에 의해 설치되며 가요성 텅(tongue)이 제공된 단측 가장자리는 수직 접힘(vertical folding)에 의해 설치된다. 이러한 조합은 역시 분해가 용이하다. 다른 기계적 잠금 시스템 역시 공지되어 있으며, 굽힘-굽힘, 굽힘-스냅핑(snapping), 또는 스냅핑-스냅핑에 의해 연결되어 사용 가능하다. 기계적 잠금 시스템을 구비한 마루판은 일반적으로 부유식(floating)으로 놓이며, 즉 기존의 하위 마루 상에 접착 없이 놓인다.

명백히, 텅과 그루브 연결(tongue and groove joint)을 사용하는 것이 가능하며, 접착 또는 못 연결, 또는 기타 다른 고정 수단과 조합될 수 있다.

일 양상에 따른 실시예에 따라서, 목재 기저 코어는 MDF 또는 HDF로 이루어지며, 바람직하게는 두께가 6~9mm이다. 탄성 표면층의 두께는 바람직하게 1~3mm이다.

일 실시예에 따라, 탄성 표면층은 3개의 층을 포함하며, 이는 상부의 투명 마모층, 장식 중간층 및 코어에 인접한 보강층이다. 또한, 투명 마모층의 하측부에 또는 보강층 상부에 패턴을 직접 프린트하는 것이 가능하다. 바람직하게는, 장식 그루브는 오직 투명층에만 위치하고 선택적으로 착색되지만, 장식층 또는 보강층 아래로 그루브를 연장하는 것 또한 가능하다. 상이한 색상의 층은 다른 층 아래로 그루브를 연장함으로써 시각적 효과를 생성하며, 어떠한 착색도 필요하지 않다. 다른 실시예에서, 탄성층은 오직 투명층과 착색된 플라스틱의 보강층 또는 코르크층만을 포함한다. 대안으로, 장식층은 목재 베니어 또는 코르크층이며, 또는 탄성 표면층이 투명 마모층과 코르크의 보강층인 2개의 층을 갖는다.

제 2 양상에 따라, 본 발명은 정면, 후면, 코어, 마루판과 유사한 마루판의 연결을 위해 적어도 2개의 대향 가장자리에 배열되는 연결 수단, 정면에 있는 바람직하게는 고무 또는 플라스틱의 탄성 표면층을 포함하는 방습 마루판 세트를 제공한다. 탄성 표면층에 가장자리에서 밀봉 수단을 구비한 탄성층이 제공되며, 상기 탄성층은 밀봉을 획득하도록 인접한 다른 마루판의 가장자리에서 탄성층 내의 다른 밀봉 수단과 협동한다.

바람직하게는, 밀봉 수단이 수평 방향으로 연장된 돌출부를 포함하며, 다른 밀봉 수단은 측부 개방 그루브를 포함한다. 가장 바람직한 실시예에서, 밀봉 수단 중 하나 또는 2개 모두에 밀봉제가 제공된다.

다른 바람직한 실시예에서, 밀봉 수단 2개 모두 밀봉제를 제공받는 측부 개방 그루브를 포함한다.

밀봉 수단과 밀봉제는 연결부 및 코어 내로의 습기와 물 침투에 대한 저항성을 증진시키며, 그 목적은 연결부를 완벽히 밀봉하는 것이다.

제 2 목적에 따라, 본 발명은 전술한 제 1 목적으로 인접한 가장자리를 따라 바람직하게는 기계적으로 연결된 적어도 2개의 마루판을 포함하는 마루를 제공한 다.

이러한 관점에서, 본 발명의 목적은 전술한 문제점을 해결하거나 적어도 감소시킨다.

특히, 본 발명의 목적은 탄성 표면층 내에 장식 그루브를 구비한 탄성 표면층을 포함하는 마루판과 마루를 제공하는 것이며, 여기에서 그루브는 명백히 가시적이다. 더욱이, 마루판은 방습성이며 추가하여 양호한 방음 특성을 갖는다.

아래에서 구체적으로 다르게 기술되지 않는 한 "(상기) 부재, 장치, 구성요소, 수단, 단계 등"은 그러한 부재, 장치, 구성요소, 수단, 단계 등의 적어도 하나의 실시예를 지칭한다.

도면의 간단한 설명

도 1a은 공지된 탄성 표면층과 장식 그루브를 구비한 마루판을 도시한다.

도 1b는 본 발명의 실시예에 따른 마루판을 도시한다.

도 2a~d는 본 발명의 대안적 실시예를 도시한다.

도 3은 본 발명의 일 실시예에 따른 3개의 연결된 마루판을 도시한다.

도 4a~c는 본 발명에 따라 상이한 측면에서 바라본 마루판 및 연결된 마루판을 도시한다.

도 5a, 5c~6c는 본 발명의 제 2 양상의 실시예에 따른 연결된 마루판을 도시한다.

도 5b는 제 2 양상에 다른 밀봉 수단을 제공받은 제 1 양상에 따른 마루판의 실시예를 도시한다.

실시예의 상세한 설명

도 1b~4에 도시되는 바와 같이, 본 발명의 제 1 양상은 장식 그루브를 구비한 탄성 표면층을 제공받는 방습 마루판 세트 및 마루에 관한 것이다.

도 1a는 종래 기술로 공지되며 WO 03/012224에 개시된 장식 연결부를 구비한 마루판을 도시한다. 마루판(1)은 수평면(HP) 방향으로 연장된 정면(2)과 후면(3), 목재-기저 코어(5), 및 정면 상의 탄성 표면층(4)을 포함한다. 탄성 표면층(4)은 상이한 기능을 갖는 3개의 상이한 표면층을 포함한다. 최상층은 투명하며, 단단하고, 내구성있는 플라스틱 물질의 마모층(16)이며, 중간층은 플라스틱 필름의 장식층(17)이며, 최하층은 탄성 물질로 이루어지며 방습 및 방음 가능한 보강층(18)이다. 플라스틱 필름의 장식층(17)은 장식 패턴으로 대체될 수 있으며, 이는 투명 마모층(16)의 하부측 또는 탄성 보강층(18)의 상부측에 직접 프린트된다. 마루판에는 굽힘 및/또는 스냅핑을 통한 그 장측 및 단측 가장자리(12a, 13a, 12b, 13b)에서의 마루판의 수직 및 수평 잠금을 위한 기계적 잠금 시스템이 제공된다.

본 발명의 일 양상에 따라, 도 1b~4c에 도시된 바와 같이, 마루판(1)은 수직면(VP)으로 연장된 연결면의 인접 가장자리에서 유사 마루판(1')과 연결되며, 수평면(HP)에서 연장된 정면(2)과 후면(3), 코어(5), 수직 방향 및 수평 방향으로 유사한 마루판(1')과 마루판을 연결하기 위한 적어도 2개의 대향 가장자리에 배열된 연결 수단, 및 탄성 표면층(4)을 포함하며, 마루판(1) 중 적어도 하나의 가장자리는 정면(2)에 본질적으로 평행한 바닥부(7)를 구비하여 탄성 표면층(4) 내의 장식층(6)을 포함하는 것을 특징으로 한다. 마루판이 직사각이라면, 바람직하게는 장측 가장자리 중 오직 하나에만 장식 그루브가 제공되며, 장측 가장자리 중 하나와 단측 가장자리 중 하나에 그루브(7)가 제공되는 것도 가능하다. 마루판의 다른 형태 역시 가능하며, 예를 들어, 3, 5, 6, 7 및 8개의 가장자리를 가질 수 있다. 탄성 표면층은 바람직하게 플라스틱 물질인 상부의 투명 마모층(16), 증간의 장식층(17) 및 코어(5)에 인접한 탄성 보강층(18)을 포함하는 것이 바람직하다. 바람직하게 플라스틱 필름인 장식층(17)은 투명 마모층(16)의 직접 하부에 또는 탄성 보강층(18)의 직접 상부에 프린팅되는 장식 패턴으로 대체될 수 있다. 대안으로, 장식층은 목재 베니어 또는 코르크층이다. 도 1b에 도시되는 일 실시예에 따라서, 그루브(7)는 투명층 내에만 위치하며, 선택적으로 그루브는 착색된다.

바람직하게는, 연결 수단은 적어도 2개의 대향 가장자리(12a, 13a, 12b, 13b)에 형성된 기계적 잠금 시스템이다. 도시된 기계적 잠금 시스템은 잠금 부재(9)를 구비한 잠금 스트립(locking strip)(15), 텅(8)과 텅 그루브(10)를 포함한다. 예를 들어 도 4a~c의 텅 잠금부 또는 PCT/SE2005/001586에 개시된 가요성 텅과 같은 다른 공지된 마루판용 기계적 잠금 시스템이 사용될 수 있다. 또한, 텅은 PCT/SE2005/001586 또는 PCT/SE2006/001218에 개시된 형식으로 도 5b~6c에 도시되는 변위 그루브(54) 내에 배열된 변위 가능 텅(8')으로 대체될 수 있다.

탄성층 내의 층 개수, 층의 물질, 그루브가 연장되는 층에 대한 대안이 가능하다. 대안 중 일부가 도 1b~2d에 도시된다.

도 2a에 도시된 탄성 표면층(4)은 투명 마모층(16), 중간 장식층 및 코어에 인접한 보강층을 포함한다. 그루브(6)는 보강층 아래로 연장되고, 바람직하게 착색된다. 도 1b~2d에 도시되는 탄성층 내의 층 중 하나가 물 또는 습기에 민감한 물질이 아니라면, 그루브가 이러한 층 내로 연장되는 것은 바람직하지 않다.

도 2b에 도시된 탄성 표면층(4)은 실질적으로 투명 마모층(16)과 코어(18)에 인접한 보강층으로 이루어진다. 그루브(6)는 보강층 아래로 연장되며, 바람직하게 플라스틱으로 이루어지며, 바람직하게 착색된다.

도 2c에 도시된 탄성 표면층(4)은 실질적으로 투명 마모층(16)과 코어(18)에 인접한 보강층으로 이루어진다. 그루브(6)는 오직 투명 마모층 내에 위치하며, 바람직하게 착색된다. 보강층은 바람직하게 착색된 플라스틱 또는 코르크층이다.

도 2d의 탄성 표면층(4)은 실질적으로 오직 하나의 층으로 이루어진다. 그루브는 바람직하게 착색된다.

도 4b에서, 본 발명의 실시예가 도시되며, 이는 장측 가장자리(13a, 13b)와 단측 가장자리(12a, 12b)에서 기계적 잠금 시스템을 구비하고 장측 가장자리 중 오직 하나와 단측 가장자리 중 오직 하나를 따라서 장식 그루브(6)를 구비한 직사각 마루판(1)을 포함한다. 탄성 표면층 내에서 단측 가장자리 사이의 추가 그루브(41)가 제공된다. 도 4a는, 유사한 마루판(1', 1")에 연결된 장측 가장자리에 수직인 도 6b의 마루판의 단면이다. 도 4c는 유사한 마루판(1', 1")에 연결된 단측 가장자리에 수직인 도 4b의 마루판의 단면이다.

목재-기저 코어 물질은 바람직하게 파티클, MDF, HDF, 또는 플라이우드판이 다.

탄성 표면층에 사용될 수 있는 물질의 비제한적 실시예는 아크릴 플라스틱-기저 물질, 합성 고무, 우레탄 고무, 실리콘 고무 등의 탄성체, 폴리우레탄-기저 핫-멜트 접착제(polyurethane-based hot-melt adhesive), PVC 또는 폴리에틸렌이다.

장식 그루브는 화학적 또는 기계적인 작업에 의해 바람직하게 절단(cutting) 또는 연삭(grinding)에 의해 이루어진다. 또한, 그루브를 착색하는 것이 가능하다. 연삭이 사용된 경우, 매우 좁은 그루브를 제조하거나 또는 단지 표면의 거칠기 및 밝기를 변경하는 것이 가능하다. 연삭 방법은 레진-함침 시트(resin-impregnated sheet)의 표면층을 구비한 라미네이트 마루에 적용될 수 있다. 다른 기술은, 탄성 표면층의 일부를 절단하거나 또는 코어에 부착되기 전에 바람직한 형태로 절단하며, 상이한 색상 또는 구조의 다른 탄성층으로 교체하는 것이 가능하다.

본 발명의 제 2 양상은 도 5a~6c에 도시되며 가장자리에서 밀봉 수단을 포함하는 본질적으로 동일한 방습 마루판(1) 세트이다. 각각의 마루판은 수평면(HP)에 연장된 정면(2)과 후면(3), 코어(5), 마루판을 수직 및/또는 수평으로 다른 마루판(1')에 연결하기 위하여 적어도 2개의 대향 가장자리에서 배열되는 연결 수단(8, 9, 10, 11, 15, 8', 54) 및 탄성 표면층(4)을 포함한다. 방습 마루판이 가장자리에 제공되며, 밀봉을 이루도록 다른 인접한 마루판의 가장자리에서 탄성층 내의 다른 밀봉 수단(52)과 협력 작용하도록 이루어지는 밀봉 수단(51)을 구비한 탄성 층(4)이 제공된다.

도 5a에 도시된 바와 같이, 밀봉 수단은 수평 방향으로 연장된 돌출부를 포함하며, 다른 밀봉 수단은 측부 개방 그루브를 포함한다. 가장 바람직한 실시예에서, 밀봉 수단의 하나 또는 2개 모두에 밀봉제(53)가 제공된다.

도 6a에 도시된 다른 실시예에서, 밀봉 수단(51, 52) 모두 밀봉제(53)가 제공된 측부 개방 그루브를 포함한다.

도 5c에서는, 밀봉 수단의 일 실시예가 바람직하게는 후크형 연결부(51, 52)가 제공된 겹침 가장자리를 포함하도록 도시된다. 밀봉제(53) 역시 포함될 수 있다.

밀봉제는 왁스, 유지(grease), 오일, 또는 역청(bitumen)을 포함할 수 있다. 바람직한 밀봉제는 파라핀 왁스와 파라핀 오일의 혼합물이다. 다른 예시는, 마이크로 왁스(micro wax) 및 천연 또는 합성 고무 스트립이다.

도 6b에서, 밀봉 수단의 일 실시예는 탄성층(4) 내의 측부 개방 그루브(51)에 배열되며 팽창가능한 밀봉제(53')를 포함하는 것으로 도시된다. 도 6c에 도시된 바와 같이 2개의 인접한 패널이 연결 수단에 의해 상호 연결된 이후 밀봉제가 인접한 마루 패널의 탄성층 내의 측부 개방 그루브(52) 내로 팽창가능하도록 이루어질 수 있다. 팽창가능한 밀봉제(53')의 예시는 바람직하게 폴리우레탄인 띠로서 2개의 인접한 마루판이 연결되기 전 제거되는 테이프가 이에 제공된다. 다른 예시는 습기에 노출되는 경우 팽창되는 물질이다.

장식 그루브(7)를 포함하는 본 발명의 제 1 양상은 도 5b에 도시된 바와 같 이 밀봉 수단(51, 52)을 포함하는 제 2 양상과 조합될 수 있다.

도 3 및 4에서 나타나는 본 발명의 제 2 목적은, 바람직하게는 기계적으로 인접한 가장자리를 따라 연결되는 제 1 및/또는 제 2 양상에 따른 마루판(1, 1') 세트를 포함하는 마루이다.

가장 바람직한 실시예에서, 2개의 연결되고 인접한 가장자리 중 오직 하나(12a, 13a, 12b, 13b)에 장식 그루브가 제공된다.

본 발명은 주로 소정의 실시예를 참조하여 기술되었다. 그러나 당업자는 첨부된 청구범위에서 한정되는 본 발명의 범위 내에서 균등한 다른 실시예가 가능함을 알 수 있다.

일반적으로, 청구범위에 사용되는 모든 용어는 특별히 한정되지 않는 한, 본 기술 분야의 일반적인 뜻을 갖는다.

Claims (35)

  1. 실질적으로 동일한 방습 마루판(1)으로 구성된 방습 마루판 세트로서,
    각각의 방습 마루판이
    수평면(HP) 내에서 연장되는 정면(2) 및 후면(3),
    코어(5),
    적어도 2개의 대향 가장자리들에 배치되어 하나의 방습 마루판을 다른 하나의 방습 마루판(1')에 수평 방향으로 연결하기 위한 연결 수단, 그리고
    탄성 표면층(4)
    을 포함하는, 방습 마루판 세트에 있어서,
    하나의 방습 마루판의 가장자리에 및 탄성 표면층(4) 내에 구비된 하나의 밀봉 수단은, 인접한 다른 하나의 방습 마루판의 가장자리에 및 탄성 표면층 내에 구비된 다른 밀봉 수단과 협동하여 밀봉을 이루도록 구성되고, 그리고
    상기 밀봉 수단들 중 하나는 수직 연장 돌출부이며, 다른 하나는 수직 개방 그루브인 것을 특징으로 하는,
    방습 마루판 세트.
  2. 제 1 항에 있어서,
    상기 밀봉 수단들 중 하나에 또는 2개 모두에 밀봉제가 제공되는,
    방습 마루판 세트.
  3. 제 2 항에 있어서,
    상기 밀봉제는 파라핀 왁스 및 파라핀 오일 중 하나 이상을 포함하는,
    방습 마루판 세트.
  4. 제 2 항에 있어서,
    상기 밀봉제가 팽창가능한,
    방습 마루판 세트.
  5. 제 4 항에 있어서,
    상기 밀봉제가 물과 접촉하여 팽창가능한,
    방습 마루판 세트.
  6. 제 1 항에 있어서,
    상기 연결 수단은 수직 접힘(vertical folding)에 의해 수직 방향으로 하나의 방습 마루판을 다른 하나의 방습 마루판(1')에 연결하도록 구성되는,
    방습 마루판 세트.
  7. 제 6 항에 있어서,
    상기 연결 수단은 수직 잠금을 위해 텅 그루브(10)와 협동하도록 구성된 변위 가능 텅(8')을 포함하는,
    방습 마루판 세트.
  8. 제 1 항에 있어서,
    각각의 마루판(1)의 하나 이상의 가장자리는, 상기 정면(2)에 실질적으로 평행한 바닥부(7)를 구비하는 상기 탄성 표면층(4) 내 장식 그루브(6)를 포함하는,
    방습 마루판 세트.
  9. 제 1 항 내지 제 8 항 중 어느 한 항에 따른 방습 마루판 세트를 포함하는,
    방습 마루.
  10. 제 9 항에 있어서,
    2개 이상의 방습 마루판들이 인접한 가장자리들에서 수평 및 수직 방향으로 기계적으로 연결되는,
    방습 마루.
  11. 삭제
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  35. 삭제
KR1020087019393A 2006-01-12 2007-01-05 방습 마루판 세트 및 마루 KR101347762B1 (ko)

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SE0600055-8 2006-01-12
PCT/SE2007/000007 WO2007081267A1 (en) 2006-01-12 2007-01-05 Moisture proof set of floorboards and flooring

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US8511031B2 (en) 2013-08-20
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