KR101271183B1 - Cabin for a ship - Google Patents

Cabin for a ship Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101271183B1
KR101271183B1 KR1020100133623A KR20100133623A KR101271183B1 KR 101271183 B1 KR101271183 B1 KR 101271183B1 KR 1020100133623 A KR1020100133623 A KR 1020100133623A KR 20100133623 A KR20100133623 A KR 20100133623A KR 101271183 B1 KR101271183 B1 KR 101271183B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
deck
cabin
covering
deck covering
bottom profile
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KR1020100133623A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20120071896A (en
Inventor
정종관
김성인
윤상섭
Original Assignee
삼성중공업 주식회사
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Priority to KR1020100133623A priority Critical patent/KR101271183B1/en
Publication of KR20120071896A publication Critical patent/KR20120071896A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of KR101271183B1 publication Critical patent/KR101271183B1/en

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Abstract

A ship cabin is disclosed. Vessel cabin according to an embodiment of the present invention, disposed on the deck (deck), the first deck covering to serve as a restraining damping layer; A unit cabin installed on the first deck covering; And a second deck covering disposed on the first deck covering after the unit cabin is installed so that at least a portion of the lower end of the unit cabin is embedded.

Description

Cabin for a ship

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a ship cabin, and more particularly, to a ship cabin capable of blocking a gap between a cabin and a deck caused by deformation of a deck of a ship.

In recent years, in cabins in which ship crews or passengers reside, a plurality of unit cabins of independent modules are prepared in advance and installed on decks of ships. This method is effective in shortening the air and reducing the production man-hour, and its application is currently being expanded in various shipyards.

1 is a perspective view of an essential part of a ship cabin according to a conventional embodiment, Figure 2 is an enlarged perspective view of the portion 'A' of FIG. As shown in these drawings, the ship cabin 1 according to a conventional embodiment includes a plurality of unit cabins (10, Cabin). The mutually adjacent unit cabins 10 are arranged on both sides of the corridor 11 between decks 20 and deck. The interior 12 of the unit cabin 10 is separated from the corridor 11 by the partition 13 of the unit cabin 10, and the interior of each unit cabin 10 is decorated with a separate cabin in which the crew lives.

However, since the deck 20 of the ship is formed of a steel sheet relatively affected by thermal stress, the causes such as welding at the assembly stage, radiation heating due to exposure to sunlight such as radiation, or structural loads and residual stresses, etc. Or deformations are caused by the combined action of such causes. In particular, when the cabin area is large, the degree of deformation of the deck 20 is more severe.

When the unit cabin 10 is installed on the deck 20 in which deformation occurs, gaps G and Gap are formed between the floor finishing layer 21 and the unit cabin 10 installed on the deck 20, so that a fire occurs when a fire occurs. And smoke will penetrate. In addition, even when the sound insulation material for blocking noise and vibration is passed, the noise and vibration pass between the gaps (Gap) generated by the deformation.

Therefore, after the unit cabin 10 is mounted as shown in FIG. 2 to remove the gaps G and Gap, the bottom finishing layer 21 and the unit cabin 10 may be finished with silicon 14 or the like. There is a problem that falls and does not finish completely.

Therefore, the technical problem to be achieved by the present invention, the gap between the unit cabin (Unit Cabin) and the deck (deck) can be blocked more reliably than before, can maintain the fire protection performance of the wall panel (Unit Cabin) It is to provide a ship cabin that can block outside noise and vibration to enter the inside.

According to an aspect of the invention, the first deck covering disposed on top of the deck (deck), and serves as a restraining damping layer; A unit cabin installed on the first deck covering; And a second deck covering disposed on the first deck covering after the unit cabin is installed so that at least a portion of the lower end of the unit cabin is buried.

The apparatus may further include a wall panel assembly spaced apart from the unit cabin by a predetermined distance.

And the wall panel assembly comprises: a sheet for a bottom profile coupled to the deck; A bottom profile coupled to the bottom profile sheet, the bottom profile partially embedded in the second deck covering; And a wall panel inserted into the bottom profile.

In addition, the top surface of the bottom profile sheet may be the same height as the top surface of the first deck deck covering.

The wall panel assembly may further include a panel support that contacts the second deck covering and the wall panel to support the wall panel.

In addition, it may further include a fixing post for fixing the unit cabin to the deck.

The apparatus may further include a viscoelastic layer disposed between the deck and the first deck covering.

It may further include a fire protection silicon layer disposed on the second deck covering.

Embodiments of the present invention, the gap between the unit cabin (deck) and the deck (deck) can be more surely blocked than the conventional can maintain the fire protection performance of the wall panel (wall panel) and noise outside the unit cabin (Unit Cabin) And it can block the vibration flowing into the inside.

1 is a perspective view of an essential part of a ship cabin according to a conventional embodiment.
FIG. 2 is an enlarged perspective view of portion 'A' of FIG. 1.
3 is a cross-sectional view of an essential part of a ship cabin according to an embodiment of the present invention.
4 is a flowchart illustrating a construction method of a ship cabin according to an embodiment of the present invention.

In order to fully understand the present invention, operational advantages of the present invention, and objects achieved by the practice of the present invention, reference should be made to the accompanying drawings and the accompanying drawings which illustrate preferred embodiments of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. Like reference symbols in the drawings denote like elements.

3 is a cross-sectional view of an essential part of a ship cabin according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in this, the ship cabin 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention, the bottom finishing layer 130 is provided on the deck (200, deck) of the ship, the second of the bottom finishing layer 130 The unit cabin 140 is installed on the upper surface of the first deck covering 132 of the bottom finishing layer 130 so that a part of the deck covering 133 is embedded, and the unit cabin 140 is spaced apart by a predetermined distance from the outside of the unit cabin 140. Wall panel assembly 150.

In FIG. 3, only a part of the ship cabin 100 is shown. The left side shows the interior 110 of the unit cabin 140 based on the unit cabin 140, and the right side of the wall panel assembly 150 shows the hallway 120. ). In the present embodiment, the ship cabin 100 is a prefabricated cabin manufactured by mounting the prefabricated unit cabin 140 on the deck 200, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto. It may also be included in the case of manufacturing a cabin by directly installing a partition wall for partitioning a plurality of unit cabins 140 on the deck (200).

The bottom finishing layer 130 may include a viscoelastic layer 131 coupled to the deck 200 so as to contact the deck 200, and a first deck covering sequentially stacked on the viscoelastic layer 131. 132, the second deck covering 133, and the fire protection silicon layer 134 provided on the second deck covering 133.

Here, the second deck covering 133 is installed on the upper surface of the first deck covering 132 so that at least a portion of the lower end of the unit cabin 140 is embedded after the first deck covering 132 is installed and the unit cabin 140 is installed. It is prepared. By the second deck covering 133, there is no gap Gap between the unit cabin 140 and the first deck covering 132 generated by the deformation of the deck 200.

First, the viscoelastic layer 131 disposed on the upper surface of the deck 200 is a layer for preventing external vibration or noise from being transferred into the unit cabin 140 through the deck 200. Acrylic polymers, synthetic resins, emulsions, and bituminous materials may be used to form the viscoelastic layer 131. More specifically, polyurethanes, styrene block copolymers, polyureas, silane terminated polyurethanes, modified silane polymers, polyisobutylenes, EPDMs, natural rubbers, epoxy resins and others that can be modified to have the required physical properties Polymeric materials and the like can be used.

On the other hand, the first deck covering 132 formed on the upper portion of the viscoelastic layer 131, which is recently used as a flooring material for ships, restrains the viscoelastic layer 131 disposed below and is a layer for the vibration damping effect. The first deck covering 132 is provided so that the top surface is substantially horizontal so as to cover the deck 200 even if there is some deformation.

In addition, the first deck covering 132 has a height to an upper surface of the bottom profile sheet 151. That is, the first deck covering 132 is installed by using the bottom profile sheet 151 as a reference for the construction height, and the bottom profile 152 may be coupled to the bottom profile sheet 151. The first deck covering 132 is provided to expose the top surface of the profile sheet 151 but to have a height up to the top surface of the bottom profile sheet 151.

The reason for the height of the first deck covering 132 is to be such that it does not interfere with the bottom profile sheet 151 when the unit cabin 140 is moved to install at a predetermined position on the first deck covering 132. To do this. In addition, by installing the first deck covering 132 so that the upper surface of the bottom profile sheet 151 is exposed at such a height, the bottom profile 152 may be replaced by the bottom profile sheet 152 even after the first deck covering 132 is constructed. 151).

The material of the first deck covering 132 may be a polymer material like the material of the viscoelastic layer 131, but it is preferable to have greater rigidity in a solid state and may be provided as a single or a plurality of components. The first deck covering 132 may be epoxy resin, polyurea, acrylic ester, or the like, and other polymers may be used as long as the first deck covering 132 may be modified to have required physical properties.

The second deck covering 133 provided on the first deck covering 132 is a layer for preventing a gap between the unit cabin 140 and the first deck covering 132. To this end, the second deck covering 133 is constructed to fill a portion of the lower end of the unit cabin 140 and the wall panel assembly 150.

The material of the second deck covering 133 may be formed of the same material as the material of the first deck covering 132, but is not limited thereto, and may be harder or softer than the material of the first deck covering 132. The polymer material of may be selected. However, the material of the second deck covering 133 may be selected to be easily bonded to the first deck covering 132.

Meanwhile, the fire protection silicon layer 134 is formed on the second deck covering 133 as a finishing material. The fire protection silicon layer 134 is to increase the fire protection performance of the unit cabin 140 and finally remove a gap that may exist between the unit cabin 140 and the second deck covering 133. That is, in this embodiment, the gap between the unit cabin 140 and the first deck covering 132 will be completely filled by the second deck covering 133, but the fire protection silicon layer 134 is the fire protection of the unit cabin 140. In addition to increasing performance, the gap between the unit cabin 140 and the second deck covering 133 may be present.

By this configuration, it is possible to block the gap between the unit cabin 140 and the deck 200 to maintain the fire protection performance of the wall panel and to block the noise and vibration from outside the unit cabin 140 to enter inside. .

 On the other hand, the unit cabin 140 includes the support lower frame 142 and the cabin wall 143. And the lower end of the cabin wall 143, the engaging portion 143a which is disposed in contact with the upper surface of the support lower frame 142 and coupled to the support lower frame 142 is provided. The cabin wall 143 is fixed to the support lower frame 142 by fixing the coupling part 143a to the support lower frame 142 using the fixing bolt 144.

In addition, a lower portion of the unit cabin 140 is further provided with a plastic skirt 145 which is disposed so that a part of the cabin wall 143 and the fire protection silicon layer 134 are respectively in contact with the interior finishing material.

In addition, in the present embodiment, a fixed post 141 is further provided to weld the deck 200 and the support lower frame 142 to fix the unit cabin 140 to the deck 200. Since the fixed post 141 should not interfere when the unit cabin 140 moves on the upper surface of the first deck covering 132 to install the unit cabin 140, the first deck covering 132 is constructed. Later, the first deck covering 132 and the viscoelastic layer 131 are cut off and installed.

On the other hand, the wall panel assembly 150 installed in the hallway 120 includes a bottom profile sheet 151 fixed to the deck 200, a bottom profile 152 fixed to the bottom profile sheet 151, and A wall panel 154 inserted into the bottom profile 152.

In the present embodiment, the bottom profile sheet 151 has a structure of a substantially 'b' shape so as to be easily embedded in the first deck covering 132, and the top surface of the bottom profile 152 may sufficiently support the bottom profile 152. And a length corresponding to the bottom width of 152. As described above, the upper surface of the bottom profile sheet 151 becomes a construction height reference line of the first deck covering 132 in the present embodiment.

The bottom profile sheet 151 and the deck 200 are fixed by the welding in this embodiment, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto and may be fixed by other fasteners.

In order to securely support the bottom profile 152 as described above, when the bottom profile sheet 151 having a 'b' shape is provided as in the present embodiment, the bottom profile 152 is deck covered. By directly installing on the top, the deck covering is damaged and prevented from being firmly supported, so that the bottom profile 152 is firmly fixed and supported, and the bottom profile 152 has a deck ( By directly fixing on the 200, there is an effect that can prevent the disadvantage of not satisfying the flame-related rules (rule) because the deck 200 of the upper and lower continuity is not observed.

The bottom profile 152 is fixed by fastening the fixing bolt 153 to the bottom profile sheet 151. The bottom profile 152 has a 'U' shape open toward the top, so that the wall panel 154 may be inserted into the open portion.

In addition, the top of the bottom profile 152 is formed wider than the width of the wall panel 154, the lower portion is formed narrower than the width of the wall panel 154 so that the wall panel 154 is easier to insert. After the 154 is inserted, the wall panel 154 may be compressed to contract elastically.

Meanwhile, the panel support 155 is installed to contact the wall panel 154 and the second deck covering 133 while the wall panel 154 is inserted into the bottom profile 152. The panel support 155 not only supports the wall panel 154, but also the wall panel 154 and the second deck covering 133 so that the fire protection silicon layer 134 can be easily installed when the panel support 155 is installed. ) Provides a rounded face between them.

The fire protection silicon layer 134 installed on the corridor 120 side is disposed from the second deck covering 133 to the vertical surface of the wall panel 154 along the panel support 155. A protective skirt 156 covering the wall panel 154 and the fire protection silicon layer 134 is provided on a vertical surface where the fire protection silicon layer 134 and the wall panel 154 are in contact with each other to fix the fire protection silicon layer 134. 134 prevents detachment from wall panel 154.

4 is a flowchart illustrating a construction method of a ship cabin according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in this figure, the construction method of the ship cabin according to an embodiment of the present invention, the step of fixing the bottom profile sheet 151 (S 10), and the viscoelastic layer 131 on the deck 200 ) And constructing the first deck covering 132 (S 20), installing the unit cabin 140 on the upper surface of the first deck covering 132 (S 30), and fixing the bottom profile 152. Step (S 40), constructing the second deck covering 133 (S 50), inserting the wall panel 154 (S 60), and the fire-resistant silicon layer 134 as the final finishing material Construction step (S 70) is included.

 First, a step S 10 of fixing the bottom profile sheet 151 is performed. In this step, the bottom profile sheet 151 is fixed to the deck 200 at an interval capable of sufficiently supporting the wall panel 154. In this embodiment, the bottom profile sheet 151 is fixed to the deck 200. Weld on and fix it.

Next, a step (S 20) of constructing the viscoelastic layer 131 and the first deck covering 132 on the deck 200 is performed. After fixing the bottom profile sheet 151, the viscoelastic layer 131 is constructed on the deck 200, and when the viscoelastic layer 131 is finished curing, the first deck covering 132 is then constructed. At this time, the first deck covering 132 is formed to the height of the upper surface of the bottom profile sheet 151. That is, the top surface of the bottom profile sheet 151 is a construction height reference line of the first deck covering 132. As such, when the construction of the first deck covering 132 is finished, the upper surface of the first deck covering 132 has a horizontal surface covering the deformation of the deck 200.

In the step S30 of installing the unit cabin 140 on the first deck covering 132, the unit cabin 140 having the support lower frame 142 fixed to the bottom is disposed at a predetermined position. Since the unit cabin 140 is moved on the first deck covering 132 forming a horizontal plane, work efficiency is improved, and since the first deck covering 132 is formed to the upper surface height of the bottom profile sheet 151, the unit cabin When the 140 moves, it does not interfere with the bottom profile sheet 151.

The unit cabin 140 is also fixed by the second deck covering 133, which will be described later, but can be fixed more firmly by additionally installing a fixed post 141. The first deck covering 132 and the viscoelastic layer 131 directly below the support lower frame 142 are cut and fixed by welding the fixed post 141 to the deck 200. After that, the support lower frame 142 is readjusted to contact the vertical surface of the fixed post 141, and the support lower frame 142 and the fixed post 141 are welded to fix the unit cabin 140 to the fixed post 141. .

Next, a step S 40 of fixing the bottom profile 152 is performed. When the unit cabin 140 is installed, the bottom profile 152 is fixed to the bottom profile sheet 151 using the fixing bolt 153 to prepare a seat for inserting the wall panel 154.

When the installation of the bottom profile 152 is completed, the step S 50 of constructing the second deck covering 133 is performed. The second deck covering 133 is installed inside the unit cabin 140, between the unit cabin 140 and the bottom profile 152, and across the hallway 120. In this case, the second deck covering 133 is formed to have a thickness sufficient to partially fill the lower portion of the support lower frame 142 and the bottom profile 152 of the unit cabin 140. As a result, a gap that may occur between the unit cabin 140 or the bottom profile 152 and the first deck covering 132 is removed by the second deck covering 133.

Then the step S 60 of inserting the wall panel 154 is performed. When the second deck covering 133 is formed, the wall panel 154 is inserted into the bottom profile 152, and a panel support 155 for supporting the wall panel 154 is installed. The panel support 155 is fixed to the second deck covering 133 and the wall panel 154 by using a separate fastener, or the viscosity of the second deck covering 133 before the second deck covering 133 is hardened. It may be attached by using and fixed by curing the second deck covering 133.

Finally, step S 70 is performed to construct the fire protection silicon layer 134 as a final finish. The fire protection silicon layer is installed in the interior 110 and the corridor 120 of the unit cabin 140. In the case of the interior 110 of the unit cabin 140, the fire protection silicon is coated and cured on the second deck covering 133, and the plastic skirt 146 is installed to finish.

The fire protection silicon layer 134 of the corridor 120 is constructed to contact the vertical surface of the wall panel 154 along the panel support 155 from the top of the second deck covering 133. In this case, in order to prevent the fire protection silicon layer 134 from being separated from the vertical surface of the wall panel 154, a protective skirt 156 is provided at a contact portion between the wall panel 154 and the fire protection silicon layer 134 so as to prevent the fire protection silicon layer ( 134).

As described above, according to the ship cabin according to the present embodiment, the unit cabin 140 can be installed on the deck 200 without a gap between the unit cabin 140 and the deck 200, even in the event of a fire The flame or smoke from outside may be prevented from penetrating into the unit cabin 140 to maintain the fire protection performance of the wall panel 154, and the vibration or noise outside the unit cabin 140 may be reduced to the unit cabin 140. ) Can be prevented from being transferred inside.

It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and variations can be made in the present invention without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Accordingly, such modifications or variations are intended to fall within the scope of the appended claims.

110: interior of the unit cabin 120: corridor
130: deck covering 131: viscoelastic layer
132: first deck covering 133: second deck covering
134: fireproof silicon layer 140: unit cabin
150: wall panel assembly 152: bottom profile

Claims (8)

A first deck covering disposed above the deck and serving as a restraining damping layer;
A unit cabin installed on the first deck covering;
A second deck covering disposed on the first deck covering after the unit cabin is installed so that at least a portion of the lower end of the unit cabin is embedded; And
A wall panel assembly installed at a distance from the unit cabin,
The wall panel assembly,
A bottom profile sheet coupled to the deck;
A bottom profile coupled to the bottom profile sheet, the bottom profile partially embedded in the second deck covering; And
A ship cabin comprising a wall panel inserted into the bottom profile.
delete delete The method of claim 1,
The upper surface of the bottom profile sheet is a ship cabin is the same height as the upper surface of the first deck deck covering.
The method of claim 1,
The wall panel assembly,
And a panel support that contacts the second deck covering and the wall panel to support the wall panel.
The method according to any one of claims 1 and 4 to 5,
The ship cabin further comprises a fixing post for fixing the unit cabin to the deck.
The method according to any one of claims 1 and 4 to 5,
The ship cabin further comprises a viscoelastic layer disposed between the deck and the first deck covering.
The method according to any one of claims 1 and 4 to 5,
The ship cabin further comprises a fireproof silicon layer disposed on the second deck covering.
KR1020100133623A 2010-12-23 2010-12-23 Cabin for a ship KR101271183B1 (en)

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KR1020100133623A KR101271183B1 (en) 2010-12-23 2010-12-23 Cabin for a ship

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020100133623A KR101271183B1 (en) 2010-12-23 2010-12-23 Cabin for a ship

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KR20120071896A KR20120071896A (en) 2012-07-03
KR101271183B1 true KR101271183B1 (en) 2013-06-04

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111619730A (en) * 2020-06-11 2020-09-04 上海外高桥造船有限公司 Connection structure of wallboard spare and steel deck, kitchen and boats and ships

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR102095420B1 (en) * 2013-11-15 2020-03-31 대우조선해양 주식회사 Vibration Noise Preventin Structure of Unit Cabin

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR960001239B1 (en) * 1992-12-30 1996-01-24 부일산업주식회사 Wall structure
KR20090013757A (en) * 2006-03-15 2009-02-05 츠네이시 홀딩스 가부시키가이샤 Marine partition module

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR960001239B1 (en) * 1992-12-30 1996-01-24 부일산업주식회사 Wall structure
KR20090013757A (en) * 2006-03-15 2009-02-05 츠네이시 홀딩스 가부시키가이샤 Marine partition module

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111619730A (en) * 2020-06-11 2020-09-04 上海外高桥造船有限公司 Connection structure of wallboard spare and steel deck, kitchen and boats and ships

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