KR101182770B1 - Gate driving circuit and display device having the same - Google Patents

Gate driving circuit and display device having the same Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101182770B1
KR101182770B1 KR1020060052610A KR20060052610A KR101182770B1 KR 101182770 B1 KR101182770 B1 KR 101182770B1 KR 1020060052610 A KR1020060052610 A KR 1020060052610A KR 20060052610 A KR20060052610 A KR 20060052610A KR 101182770 B1 KR101182770 B1 KR 101182770B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
carry
unit
clock
pull
current
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KR1020060052610A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20070118447A (en
Inventor
김경욱
김성만
서진숙
Original Assignee
삼성디스플레이 주식회사
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Priority to KR1020060052610A priority Critical patent/KR101182770B1/en
Priority claimed from US11/760,174 external-priority patent/US8174478B2/en
Publication of KR20070118447A publication Critical patent/KR20070118447A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/34Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source
    • G09G3/36Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source using liquid crystals
    • G09G3/3611Control of matrices with row and column drivers
    • G09G3/3674Details of drivers for scan electrodes
    • G09G3/3677Details of drivers for scan electrodes suitable for active matrices only
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03KPULSE TECHNIQUE
    • H03K19/00Logic circuits, i.e. having at least two inputs acting on one output; Inverting circuits
    • H03K19/01Modifications for accelerating switching
    • H03K19/017Modifications for accelerating switching in field-effect transistor circuits
    • H03K19/01728Modifications for accelerating switching in field-effect transistor circuits in synchronous circuits, i.e. by using clock signals
    • H03K19/01742Modifications for accelerating switching in field-effect transistor circuits in synchronous circuits, i.e. by using clock signals by means of a pull-up or down element
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2310/00Command of the display device
    • G09G2310/02Addressing, scanning or driving the display screen or processing steps related thereto
    • G09G2310/0264Details of driving circuits
    • G09G2310/0278Details of driving circuits arranged to drive both scan and data electrodes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2310/00Command of the display device
    • G09G2310/08Details of timing specific for flat panels, other than clock recovery

Abstract

In the gate driving circuit and the display device having the same, the pull-up unit and the carry unit pull up the current stage gate signal and the current stage carry signal to the first clock for 1H time, respectively. The pull-up driving unit is connected to the control stage (hereinafter referred to as a Q-node) of the pull-up unit and the carry unit, receives the previous carry signal, turns on the pull-up unit and the carry unit, and responds to the next gate signal to pull-up unit and the carry unit. Turn off. The ripple prevention unit resets the Q-node in response to the first clock during the high period of the first clock during (n-1) H time, and resets the Q-node during the high period of the second clock during (n-1) H time. In response to reset the Q-node. The first floating prevention unit provides a current gate signal to an output terminal of the carry unit in response to the second clock. Therefore, it is possible to reset the potential of the Q-node of the next stage.

Description

Gate driving circuit and display device having same {GATE DRIVING CIRCUIT AND DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING THE SAME}

1 is a plan view of a liquid crystal display according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a block diagram of the gate driving circuit shown in FIG. 1.

3 is an internal circuit diagram of the stage shown in FIG.

4 is a diagram illustrating the potential of the Q-node during the high period of the first clock.

5 is a diagram illustrating the potential of the Q-node during the high period of the second clock.

6 is an internal circuit diagram of a stage of a gate driving circuit according to another embodiment of the present invention.

7 is an internal circuit diagram of each stage of the gate driving circuit according to another embodiment of the present invention.

Description of the Related Art [0002]

100-LCD panel 210-Gate driving circuit

211-Pullups 212-Carrying

213-pull-down section 214-pull-up drive section

215-Ripple prevention section 216-Holding section

217-Inverter section 218-Reset section

219a-First Floating Block 219b-Second Floating Block

400 - liquid crystal display

The present invention relates to a gate driving circuit and a display device having the same, and more particularly, to a gate driving circuit capable of ensuring high temperature reliability and a display device having the same.

In general, a liquid crystal display includes a lower substrate, an upper substrate provided to face the lower substrate, and a liquid crystal layer formed between the lower substrate and the upper substrate to display an image.

The LCD panel includes a plurality of gate lines, a plurality of data lines, a plurality of gate lines, and a plurality of pixels connected to the plurality of data lines. In the LCD panel, a gate driving circuit for sequentially outputting gate signals to a plurality of gate lines is directly formed through a thin film process.

In general, the gate driving circuit includes one shift register in which a plurality of stages are cascaded. That is, each stage consists of a plurality of driving transistors for outputting a gate voltage to a corresponding gate line. Specifically, each stage includes a pull-up transistor connected to the gate line and outputting a gate voltage, and a carry transistor connected to the input terminal of the next stage and outputting a carry voltage used to control driving of the next stage. Therefore, the driving failure of the gate driving circuit can be prevented by preventing the distorted signal from being applied to the next stage due to the load connected to the gate line.

However, in each conventional stage, the control stages of the pull-up transistor and the carry transistor are commonly connected to one Q-node. Specifically, the Q-node has a potential of a turn-on voltage (i.e., a voltage higher than or equal to a threshold voltage) during the 1H time when the gate voltage and the carry voltage are kept high, but the gate voltage and the carry voltage are kept low ( n-1) During H time, the potential of the turn-off voltage (ie, the voltage less than the threshold voltage) must be maintained.

However, in the conventional structure, the above-mentioned potential of the Q-node becomes a floating state for a predetermined time of (n-1) H time. As such, when the potential of the Q-node does not have a turn-off voltage, the ability to hold the pull-up and carry transistors in the turn-off state may be degraded, and a ripple may be output to the gate voltage and the carry voltage. In particular, if the current characteristics of the pull-up and carry transistors are changed during the high-temperature test of the liquid crystal display panel, the noise introduced through the floating Q-node causes the drive failure of the gate driving circuit, resulting in a failure of the gate driving circuit. High temperature reliability may be degraded.

Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a gate driving circuit for preventing a driving failure and ensuring high temperature reliability.

In addition, another object of the present invention is to provide a display device having the above gate driving circuit.

The gate driving circuit according to the present invention is composed of n + 1 stages (where n is an integer of 1 or more), which are connected in a cascade, and each stage includes a pull-up part, a carry part, a pull-down part, a pull-up drive part, a ripple prevention part, and a first one. And a floating prevention part.

The pull-up unit pulls up the current stage gate signal to the first clock for 1H time, and the carry unit pulls up the current stage carry signal to the first clock for 1H time. The pull-down unit receives the next gate signal from one of the next stages and discharges the current gate signal to an off voltage. The pull-up driving unit is connected to a control stage (hereinafter referred to as a Q-node) of the pull-up unit and the carry unit, receives a previous carry signal from any one of previous stages, and turns on the pull-up unit and the carry unit, The pull-up part and the carry part are turned off in response to a next gate signal.

The ripple prevention part provides the current gate signal to the Q-node in response to the first clock during the high period of the first clock during (n-1) H time, thereby turning off the pull-up part and the carry part. Ripples of the current stage gate signal and the current stage carry signal are prevented. The ripple prevention unit may output a previous carry signal output from an output terminal of a previous carry unit (hereinafter, referred to as a previous carry node) in response to the second clock during a high period of the second clock during the (n-1) H time. The pull-up unit and the carry unit may be turned off to the Q-node to prevent ripple of the current stage gate signal and the current stage carry signal.

The first floating prevention unit resets the current carry terminal by providing the current gate signal to an output terminal of the carry unit (hereinafter referred to as a current carry node) in response to the first clock during the (n-1) H time. Let's do it.

The display device according to the present invention comprises a display unit for displaying an image in response to a gate signal and a data signal; And a gate driving circuit configured to sequentially output the gate signal to the display unit.

Each stage of the gate driving circuit includes a pull-up part, a carry part, a pull-down part, a pull-up drive part, a ripple prevention part, and a first floating prevention part.

The pull-up unit pulls up the current stage gate signal to the first clock for 1H time, and the carry unit pulls up the current stage carry signal to the first clock for 1H time. The pull-down unit receives the next gate signal from one of the next stages and discharges the current gate signal to an off voltage. The pull-up driving unit is connected to a control stage (hereinafter referred to as a Q-node) of the pull-up unit and the carry unit, receives a previous carry signal from any one of previous stages, and turns on the pull-up unit and the carry unit, The pull-up part and the carry part are turned off in response to a next gate signal.

The ripple prevention part provides the current gate signal to the Q-node in response to the first clock during the high period of the first clock during (n-1) H time, thereby turning off the pull-up part and the carry part. Ripples of the current stage gate signal and the current stage carry signal are prevented. The ripple prevention unit may output a previous carry signal output from an output stage of a previous carry section (hereinafter, referred to as a previous carry node) in response to the second clock during a high period of the second clock during the (n-1) H time. It is provided to the Q-node to turn off the pull-up and the carry section to prevent the ripple of the current gate signal and the current carry signal.

The first floating prevention unit resets the current carry terminal by providing the current gate signal to an output terminal of the carry unit (hereinafter referred to as a current carry node) in response to the first clock during the (n-1) H time. Let's do it.

According to such a gate driving circuit and a display device having the same, each stage has a floating prevention transistor for resetting the potential of the current carry-on node to an off voltage for (n-1) H time, and thus, the (n-1) During the H time, the potential of the Q-node of the next stage is maintained at the off voltage, thereby preventing ripple of the next gate signal and the next carry signal output from the next stage.

Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

1 is a plan view of a liquid crystal display according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 1, the liquid crystal display device 400 includes a liquid crystal display panel 100 displaying an image, a plurality of data driving chips 320 outputting data voltages to the liquid crystal display panel 100, and the liquid crystal display panel. And a gate driving circuit 210 outputting a gate voltage to the gate 100.

The liquid crystal display panel 100 includes a lower substrate 110, an upper substrate 120 facing the lower substrate 110, and a liquid crystal layer interposed between the lower substrate 110 and the upper substrate 120. (Not shown). The liquid crystal display panel 100 includes a display area DA for displaying an image and a peripheral area PA adjacent to the display area DA.

The display area DA includes a plurality of pixel areas in a matrix form by a plurality of gate lines GL1 to GLn and a plurality of data lines DL1 to DLm that are insulated from and cross the plurality of gate lines GL1 to GLn. Is defined. Each pixel area includes a pixel P1 including a thin film transistor Tr and a liquid crystal capacitor Clc. In an embodiment, the gate electrode of the thin film transistor Tr is electrically connected to the first gate line GL1, the source electrode is electrically connected to the first data line DL1, and the drain electrode is the liquid crystal. The first electrode of the capacitor Clc is electrically connected to the pixel electrode.

The gate driving circuit 210 is provided in the peripheral area PA adjacent to one end of the plurality of gate lines GL1 to GLn. The gate driving circuit 210 is electrically connected to one end of the plurality of gate lines GL1 to GLn to sequentially apply the gate voltages to the plurality of gate lines GL1 to GLn.

A plurality of tape carrier packages (TCP) 310 are attached to the peripheral area PA adjacent to one end of the plurality of data lines DL1 to DLm. The plurality of data driving chips 320 are mounted on the plurality of TCP 310. The plurality of data driving chips 320 are electrically connected to one ends of the plurality of data lines DL1 to DLm to output the data voltages to the plurality of data lines DL1 to DLm.

The liquid crystal display device 400 further includes a printed circuit board 330 for controlling the driving of the gate driving circuit 210 and the plurality of data driving chips 320. The printed circuit board 330 outputs a data side control signal for controlling driving of the plurality of data driving chips 320 and image data, and outputs a gate side control signal for controlling driving of the gate driving circuit 210. Output The data side control signals and the image data are applied to the plurality of data driving chips 320 through the plurality of TCP 310. The gate side control signal is applied to the gate driving circuit 210 through TCP adjacent to the gate driving circuit 210.

Hereinafter, the gate driving circuit 210 will be described in detail with reference to FIGS. 2 to 6.

FIG. 2 is a block diagram of the gate driving circuit shown in FIG. 1.

Referring to FIG. 2, the gate driving circuit 210 includes one shift register 210a including a plurality of stages SRC1 to SRCn + 1 connected to each other. Each stage includes a first input terminal IN1, first and second clock terminals CK1 and CK2, a second input terminal IN2, a voltage input terminal Vin, a reset terminal RE, and an output terminal OUT. And a carry terminal CR.

The first input terminal IN1 of the plurality of stages SRC1 to SRCn + 1 is electrically connected to the carry terminal CR of the previous stage to receive the previous carry voltage. However, the first input terminal IN1 of the first stage SRC1 among the plurality of stages SRC1 to SRCn + 1 is provided with a start signal STV for starting the gate driving circuit 210. The second input terminal IN2 of the plurality of stages SRC1 to SRCn + 1 is electrically connected to the output terminal OUT of the next stage and receives a next gate voltage. However, the start signal STV is provided to the second input terminal IN2 of the last stage SRCn + 1 among the plurality of stages SRC1 to SRCn + 1.

A first clock CKV is provided to a first clock terminal CK1 of odd-numbered stages SRC1, SRC3, ... SRCn + 1 of the plurality of stages SRC1 to SRCn + 1, and a second clock terminal is provided. A second clock CKVB having a phase inverted with the first clock CKV is provided at CK2. The second clock CKVB is provided to the first clock terminal CK1 of the even-numbered stages SRC2 to SRCn among the plurality of stages SRC1 to SRCn + 1, and the second clock terminal CK2 is provided. The first clock CKV is provided.

The off voltage VSS is provided to the voltage input terminal Vin of the plurality of stages SRC1 to SRCn + 1. In addition, the carry terminal CR of the last stage SRCn + 1 is electrically connected to the reset terminal RE of the plurality of stages SRC1 to SRCn + 1.

A plurality of gate lines GL1, GL2, GL3,... GLn are electrically connected to the output terminals OUT of the plurality of stages SRC1 to SRCn. Accordingly, the plurality of stages SRC1 to SRCn sequentially output gate voltages through the output terminals OUT and apply them to the plurality of gate lines GL1 to GLn.

As illustrated in FIG. 2, the shift register 210a is provided at first ends of the plurality of gate lines GL1 to GLn. In one embodiment of the present invention, the gate driving circuit 210 is provided at the second ends of the plurality of gate lines GL1 to GLn to receive the current gate line in response to the next gate voltage output from a next stage. It further includes a discharge circuit 210b for discharging at an off voltage VSS. The discharge circuit 210b includes the same number of discharge transistors NT15 as the number of gate lines, and the discharge transistor NT15 receives an input of a control electrode and an off voltage VSS connected to a next gate line. And an output electrode connected to the electrode and the current gate line.

3 is an internal circuit diagram of the stage shown in FIG. However, since each stage of the gate driving circuit has the same internal configuration, the description of one stage in FIG. 3 replaces the description of the remaining stages.

Referring to FIG. 3, each stage includes a pull-up unit 211, a carry unit 212, a pull-down unit 213, a pull-up driving unit 214, a ripple prevention unit 215, a holding unit 216, and an inverter unit 217. ), A reset unit 218, and a first floating prevention unit 219a.

The pull-up unit 211 is a control electrode connected to an output terminal (hereinafter referred to as a Q-node) QN of the pull-up driving unit 214, an input electrode connected to the first clock terminal CK1, and an output connected to the output terminal OUT. And a pull-up transistor NT1 made of an electrode. Accordingly, the pull-up transistor NT1 may provide a current gate voltage output to the output terminal OUT in response to a control voltage output from the pull-up driver 214 through a first clock terminal CK1 (hereinafter, referred to as a control voltage). , Pull-up by the first clock (CKV, shown in Figure 2). The pull-up transistor NT1 is turned on only during a 1H time period that is a high period of the first clock CKV in one frame to maintain the current gate voltage high for the 1H time period.

The carry unit 212 may carry a carry transistor NT2 including a control electrode connected to the Q-node QN, an input electrode connected to the first clock terminal CK1, and an output electrode connected to the carry terminal CR. Include. Accordingly, the carry transistor NT2 receives the current carry voltage output from the pull-up driver 214 to the carry terminal CR in response to the control voltage output from the pull-up driver 214 to the Q-node QN. Pull up as much as The carry transistor NT2 is turned on only during the 1H time of one frame to maintain the current carry voltage high.

The pull-down unit 213 includes a pull-down transistor NT3 including a control electrode connected to a second input terminal IN2, an input electrode connected to the voltage input terminal Vin, and an output electrode connected to the output terminal OUT. do. Accordingly, the pull-down transistor NT3 supplies the current gate voltage pulled up by the first clock CKV in response to a gate voltage of a next stage through the voltage input terminal Vin, FIG. 2. Pull down). That is, the pull-down transistor NT3 is turned on after the 1H time to bring down the current gate voltage to a low state.

The pull-up driver 214 includes a buffer transistor NT4, a first capacitor C1, a second capacitor C2, and a discharge transistor NT5. The buffer transistor NT4 includes an input electrode connected in common to the first input terminal IN1, a control electrode, and an output electrode connected to the Q-node QN. The first capacitor C1 is connected between the Q-node QN and the output terminal OUT, and the second capacitor C2 is connected between the control electrode and the carry terminal CR of the carry transistor NT2. Is connected between. The discharge transistor NT5 includes an input electrode connected to the output electrode of the buffer transistor NT4, a control electrode connected to the second input terminal IN2, and an output electrode connected to the voltage input terminal Vin.

When the buffer transistor NT4 is turned on in response to a previous carry voltage, the first and second capacitors C1 and C2 are charged. When the first capacitor C1 is charged with a charge higher than or equal to the threshold voltage of the pull-up transistor NT1, the potential of the Q-node QN rises above the gate voltage to cause the pull-up transistor NT1 and the carry transistor NT2 to be charged. ) Is turned on. Thus, the first clock CKV is output to the output terminal OUT and the carry terminal CR, and the current gate voltage and the current carry voltage are switched to a high state. That is, the current stage gate voltage and the current stage carry voltage are maintained as high as the high period 1H of the first clock CKV.

Thereafter, when the discharge transistor NT5 is turned on in response to a next gate voltage, the charge charged in the first capacitor C1 is discharged to the off voltage VSS through the discharge transistor NT5. Accordingly, the potential of the Q-node QN is lowered to the off voltage VSS, and as a result, the pull-up transistor NT1 and the carry transistor NT2 are turned off. That is, the discharge transistor NT5 is turned on after the 1H time so that the pull-up transistor NT1 and the carry transistor NT2 are turned off, so that the discharge terminal NT5 is turned to the output terminal OUT and the carry terminal CR in a high state. It blocks the current stage gate voltage and current stage carry voltage from being output.

The ripple prevention part 215 includes first to third ripple prevention transistors NT6, NT7, and NT8 for the current stage for the remaining time except for the 1H time (hereinafter, (n-1) H) of the one frame. The gate voltage and the current stage carry voltage are prevented from being rippled by the first or second clocks CKV and CKVB.

The first ripple prevention transistor NT6 includes a control electrode connected to the first clock terminal CK1, an input electrode connected to the output terminal OUT, and an output electrode connected to the Q-node QN. The second ripple prevention transistor NT7 includes a control electrode connected to the second clock terminal CK2, an input electrode connected to the first input terminal IN1, and an output electrode connected to the Q-node QN. The third ripple prevention transistor NT8 includes a control electrode connected to the second clock terminal C2, an input electrode connected to the output terminal OUT, and an output electrode connected to the voltage input terminal Vin.

The first ripple prevention transistor NT6 receives the current gate voltage (having the same voltage level as the off voltage) output from the output terminal OUT in response to the first clock CKV. ) Therefore, the potential of the Q-node QN is maintained at the off voltage VSS during the high period of the first clock CKV during the (n-1) H time. Thus, the first ripple prevention transistor NT6 prevents the pull-up and carry transistors NT1 and NT2 from being turned on during the high period of the first clock CKV during the (n-1) H time. .

The second ripple prevention transistor NT7 is input through the first input terminal IN1 in response to a clock provided through the second clock terminal CK2 (hereinafter, the second clock CKVB (shown in FIG. 2)). The previous stage carry voltage (having the same voltage level as the off voltage) is provided to the Q-node QN. Therefore, the potential of the Q-node QN is maintained at the off voltage VSS during the high period of the second clock CKVB during the (n-1) H time. As a result, the second ripple prevention transistor NT7 prevents the pull-up and carry transistors NT1 and NT2 from being turned on during the high period of the second clock CKVB during the (n-1) H time. .

Subsequently, the principle in which the previous carry voltage is maintained at the same voltage level as the off voltage VSS in the step of explaining the first floating prevention unit 219a will be described in detail.

The third ripple prevention transistor NT8 discharges the current gate voltage to the off voltage VSS in response to the second clock CKVB. Accordingly, the third ripple prevention transistor NT8 maintains the current gate voltage at the off voltage VSS during the high period of the second clock CKVB during the (n-1) H time.

Meanwhile, the holding unit 216 includes a control electrode connected to an output terminal of the inverter unit 217, an input electrode connected to the voltage input terminal Vin, and an output electrode connected to the output terminal OUT. ).

The inverter unit 217 includes first to fourth inverter transistors NT10, NT11, NT12, NT13, and third and fourth capacitors C3 and C4 to turn on or turn on the holding transistor NT9. -Turn it off.

The first inverter transistor NT10 is connected to an output electrode of the second inverter transistor NT11 through an input electrode, a control electrode, and the fourth capacitor C4 which are commonly connected to the first clock terminal CK1. It consists of electrodes. The second inverter transistor NT11 is connected to an input electrode connected to the first clock terminal CK1, a control electrode connected to an input electrode through the third capacitor C3, and a control electrode of the holding transistor NT9. It consists of a connected output electrode. The third inverter transistor NT12 includes an input electrode connected to the output electrode of the first inverter transistor NT10, a control electrode connected to the output terminal OUT, and an output electrode connected to the voltage input terminal Vin. The fourth inverter transistor NT13 includes an input electrode connected to the control electrode of the holding transistor NT9, a control electrode connected to the output terminal OUT, and an output electrode connected to the voltage input terminal Vin.

The third and fourth inverter transistors NT12 and NT13 are turned on in response to a current gate voltage of a high state output to the output terminal OUT, and the first and second inverter transistors NT10 and NT11. The first clock CKV outputted from D1 is discharged to the off voltage VSS. Accordingly, the holding transistor NT9 is maintained in the turn-off state for 1H while the current gate voltage is kept high. Thereafter, when the current gate voltage is switched to the low state, the third and fourth inverter transistors NT12 and NT13 are turned off. Accordingly, the holding transistor NT9 is turned on in response to the first clock CKV output from the first and second inverter transistors NT10 and NT11. As a result, the current gate voltage may be held by the holding transistor NT9 to the off voltage VSS during the high period of the first clock CKV during (n−1) H time.

The reset unit 218 may include a control electrode connected to a reset terminal RE, an input electrode connected to a control electrode of the pull-up transistor NT1, and an output electrode connected to the voltage input terminal Vin. NT14). The reset transistor NT14 is input through the first input terminal IN1 in response to the last carry voltage output from the last stage SRCn + 1 (shown in FIG. 2) input through the reset terminal RE. Discharged noise is discharged to the off voltage VSS. Thus, the pull-up and carry transistors NT1 and NT2 are turned off in response to the last carry voltage of the last stage SRCn + 1. As a result, the last carry voltage is provided to the reset terminal RE of the n stages present in the previous stage to turn off the n stage pull-up and carry transistors NT1 and NT2 to reset the n stages.

The first floating prevention unit 219a includes a first floating electrode including a control electrode connected to the output terminal of the inverter unit 217, an input electrode connected to the output terminal OUT, and an output electrode connected to the current terminal carry node CN. Protection transistor NT16. The first floating prevention transistor NT16 is turned on and off in response to an output signal of the inverter unit 217. In detail, the first floating prevention transistor NT16 is turned off in response to an output signal of the inverter unit 217 that is output in a low state for the 1H time. Thereafter, during the high period of the first clock CKV during the (n-1) H time, the first floating prevention transistor NT16 is turned in response to an output signal of the inverter unit 217 that is output in a high state. -On. The turned-on first floating prevention transistor NT16 outputs the current gate voltage, which is kept low for the (n−1) H time, to the current terminal carry node CN. Accordingly, the first floating prevention transistor NT16 sets the potential of the current-carrying node CN to the off voltage VSS level during the high period of the first clock CKV during the (n−1) H time. Reset it.

As illustrated in FIG. 2, the current carry terminal CN is connected to a first input terminal IN1 of a next stage. Therefore, a carry voltage equal to the off voltage VSS level is applied to the first input terminal IN1 of the next stage stage during the high period of the first clock CKV during the (n-1) H time. As a result, during the high period of the first clock CKV during the (n-1) H time, the potential of the Q-node QN of the next stage may be maintained at the off voltage VSS level. That is, the first floating prevention transistor NT16 included in the current stage may prevent the potential of the Q-node QN of the next stage from being floated.

4 is a diagram illustrating the potential of the Q-node during the high period of the first clock, and FIG. 5 is a diagram illustrating the potential of the Q-node during the high period of the second clock. 4 and 5 show a part of the internal circuit of the i-th stage (where i is an odd number greater than 1 and smaller than n) of the plurality of stages constituting the shift register.

Referring to FIG. 4, during the high period of the first clock CKV during the (n−1) H time at which the i-th gate voltage Gi is kept low (the level of the off voltage VSS), the Q-node ( The holding transistor NT9 and the first ripple prevention transistor NT6 are turned on to hold the potential of QN to the off voltage VSS level.

In detail, the inverter unit 217 outputs an output signal having a high state in response to the first clock CKV, and the holding transistor NT9 is turned on in response to an output signal of the inverter unit 217. The off voltage VSS is output. In this case, since the first ripple prevention transistor NT6 is turned on in response to the first clock CKV, the off voltage VSS output from the holding transistor NT9 is the first ripple prevention transistor. It is applied to the Q-node QN through NT6. Accordingly, the potential of the Q-node QN is maintained at the off voltage VSS level, so that the pull-up transistor NT1 and the carry transistor NT2 connected to the Q-node QN are turned off. As a result, it is possible to prevent the i-th gate voltage Gi and the i-th carry voltage Ci from being rippled during the high period of the first clock CKV during the (n-1) H time.

Further, the off voltage VSS output from the holding transistor NT9 is output to the output terminal OUT of the i-th stage SRCi, whereby the i-th gate voltage Gi is the off voltage VSS. Keep your level.

Meanwhile, the first floating prevention transistor NT16 is turned on in response to an output signal output from the inverter unit 217, and the potential of the carry node SN of the i-th stage SRCi is turned off. It is maintained at the (VSS) level. The i-th carry voltage Ci having the off voltage VSS level is output from the i-th stage SRCi and provided to a first input terminal of an i + 1 stage (not shown).

Referring to FIG. 5, during the high period of the second clock CKVB during the (n−1) H time at which the i-th gate voltage Gi is maintained at the low state (level of the off voltage VSS), the Q-node ( The second ripple prevention transistor NT8 is turned on to hold the potential of QN to the off voltage VSS level.

The input electrode of the second ripple prevention transistor NT7 provided in the i-th stage SRCi is connected to the carry node CN of the i-1 th stage SRCi-1, and the i-1 th stage SRCi. The carry node CN of −1 is maintained at the off voltage VSS level by the first anti-floating transistor NT16 included in the i−1th stage SRCi−1 (ie, the i−1th gate). Voltage Gi-1 has an off voltage level). Accordingly, the i-1 th carry voltage Ci-1 having the OFF voltage VSS level is applied to the input electrode of the second ripple prevention transistor NT7 included in the i th stage SRCi. The i-1 th carry voltage Ci-1 is applied to the Q-node QN of the i th stage SRCi through the second ripple prevention transistor NT7.

As a result, in the i-th stage SRCi, the potential of the Q-node QN is maintained at the off voltage VSS level, and the pull-up transistor NT1 and the carry transistor NT2 connected to the Q-node QN are provided. ) Is turned off. Accordingly, it is possible to prevent the i-th gate voltage Gi and the i-th carry voltage Ci from being rippled during the high period of the second clock CKVB during the (n-1) H time.

6 is an internal circuit diagram of each stage of the gate driving circuit according to another embodiment of the present invention. However, the same reference numerals are given to the same components as those shown in FIG. 3 among the components illustrated in FIG. 6, and detailed description thereof will be omitted.

Referring to FIG. 6, each stage of the gate driving circuit according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention may include a pull-up part 211, a carry part 212, a pull-down part 213, a pull-up drive part 214, and an anti-ripple part 215. ), A holding unit 216, an inverter unit 217, a reset unit 218, a first floating prevention unit 219a, and a second floating prevention unit 219b.

The second floating prevention unit 219b includes a second floating prevention device including a control electrode connected to the first clock terminal CK1, an input electrode connected to the voltage input terminal Vin, and an output electrode connected to the first input terminal IN1. The transistor NT17 is included.

The second floating prevention transistor NT17 is shown in FIG. 2 as the first clock CKV input to the first clock terminal CK1 during (n-1) H time when the current gate voltage is kept low. Turn on in response to the first clock CKV during the high period of Accordingly, the second floating prevention transistor NT17 provides the off voltage VSS supplied to the voltage input terminal Vin to the first input terminal IN1. Here, the first input terminal IN1 is electrically connected to the carry node CN (ie, the carry terminal CR) of the previous stage.

Accordingly, during the high period of the first clock CKV during the (n-1) H time, the second floating prevention transistor NT17 is applied to the off voltage VSS to the previous carry node CN of the previous stage. Is applied to reset the previous carry node CN. As a result, the second floating prevention transistor NT17 may prevent the previous carry node CN from floating.

7 is an internal circuit diagram of each stage of the gate driving circuit according to another embodiment of the present invention. However, among the components illustrated in FIG. 7, the same reference numerals are given to the same components as those illustrated in FIG. 6, and detailed description thereof will be omitted.

Referring to FIG. 7, each stage of the gate driving circuit according to another embodiment of the present invention may include a pull-up unit 211, a carry unit 212, a pull-down unit 213, a pull-up driver 214, and a ripple prevention unit 215. ), A holding unit 216, an inverter unit 217, a reset unit 218, a second floating prevention unit 219b, and a third floating prevention unit 219c.

The third floating prevention part 219c is a third floating prevention consisting of a control electrode connected to an output terminal of the inverter unit 217, an input electrode connected to a voltage input terminal Vin, and an output electrode connected to a current terminal carry node CN. The transistor NT18 is included. The third floating prevention transistor NT18 is turned on and off in response to an output signal of the inverter unit 217.

Specifically, the third floating prevention transistor NT18 is turned off in response to an output signal of the inverter unit 217 that is output in a low state for 1H time. Thereafter, during the high period of the first clock CKV during the (n-1) H time, the third anti-floating transistor NT18 is turned on in response to the output signal of the inverter unit 217 which is output in a high state. do. The third floating prevention transistor NT18 that is turned on outputs an off voltage VSS (shown in FIG. 2) input to the voltage input terminal to the current terminal carry node CN. Accordingly, the third floating prevention transistor NT18 is configured to change the potential of the current-carrying node CN during the high period of the first clock CKV during the (n-1) H time to the off voltage VSS level. Can be reset.

According to such a gate driving circuit and a display device having the same, each stage includes a floating prevention transistor that resets the potential of the current carry node to an off voltage for (n-1) H time.

Therefore, during the (n-1) H time, the potential of the Q-node of the next stage is maintained at the off voltage to prevent the ripple of the next gate signal and the next carry signal output from the next stage, thereby preventing the ripple of the gate driving circuit. It is possible to improve the operation characteristics of the furnace. In particular, it is possible to prevent a driving failure due to noise in the high temperature test process, thereby improving the high temperature reliability of the gate driving circuit.

Although described with reference to the embodiments above, those skilled in the art will understand that the present invention can be variously modified and changed without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as set forth in the claims below. Could be.

Claims (19)

  1. In a gate driving circuit composed of n + 1 stages (where n is an integer of 2 or more), which are connected in a dependent manner,
    Each stage,
    A pull-up unit which pulls up the current gate signal to the first clock for 1H time;
    A carry part configured to pull up a current carry signal to the first clock for the 1H time period;
    A pull-down unit configured to receive a next gate signal from any one of next stages and discharge the current gate signal to an off voltage;
    It is connected to a control stage (hereinafter referred to as a Q-node) of the pull-up unit and the carry unit, and receives the previous carry signal from any one of previous stages to turn on the pull-up unit and the carry unit, and the next stage. A pull-up driving unit which turns off the pull-up unit and the carry unit in response to a gate signal;
    The current gate signal output from the output terminal in response to the first clock during the high period of the first clock during (n-1) H time is provided to the Q-node, and the (n-1) H time The current stage gate signal and the current stage carry signal outputted from the output terminal of the previous stage carry section (hereinafter, referred to as the previous stage carry node) to the Q-node in response to the second clock during the high period of the second clock. Ripple prevention unit for preventing the ripple of the current carry signal; And
    In response to the first clock during the (n-1) H time, the current stage gate signal is provided to an output terminal (hereinafter, referred to as a current carry node) of the carry part to reset the current carry port to reset the Q of the next stage. A first floating prevention portion for preventing floating of the node.
  2. The method of claim 1, wherein each stage,
    A holding part for maintaining the current gate signal in a discharge state; And
    And an inverter part configured to turn on or off the holding part and the first floating prevention part in response to the first clock.
  3. delete
  4. delete
  5. delete
  6. The gate driving circuit of claim 1, further comprising a second floating prevention unit configured to reset the previous carry signal to the off voltage in response to the first clock to prevent the previous carry node from floating. .
  7. delete
  8. The method of claim 1, wherein the ripple prevention unit,
    A first ripple prevention transistor comprising a control electrode receiving the first clock, an input electrode connected to an output terminal of the pull-up part, and an output electrode connected to the Q-node;
    A second ripple prevention transistor comprising a control electrode receiving the second clock, an input electrode connected to the previous carry terminal and receiving the previous carry signal, and an output electrode electrically connected to the Q-node; And
    And a third ripple prevention transistor comprising a control electrode receiving the second clock, an input electrode to which the off voltage is applied, and an output electrode connected to an output electrode of the pull-up part.
  9. The display device of claim 1, wherein the pull-up part comprises a pull-up transistor including a control electrode connected to the Q-node, an input electrode for receiving the first clock, and an output electrode for outputting the current gate signal.
    And a carry transistor comprising a control electrode connected to the Q-node, an input electrode for receiving the first clock, and an output electrode for outputting the current stage carry signal.
  10. delete
  11. The gate driving circuit of claim 1, wherein the first and second clocks have inverted phases.
  12. A display unit which displays an image in response to a gate signal and a data signal;
    A data driving circuit providing the data signal to the display unit; And
    A gate driving circuit comprising n + 1 stages (where n is an integer of 2 or more) that is cascaded to sequentially output the gate signal to the display unit;
    Each stage of the gate driving circuit,
    A pull-up unit which pulls up the current gate signal to the first clock for 1H time;
    A carry part configured to pull up a current carry signal to the first clock for the 1H time period;
    A pull-down unit configured to receive a next gate signal from any one of next stages and discharge the current gate signal to an off voltage;
    It is connected to a control stage (hereinafter referred to as a Q-node) of the pull-up unit and the carry unit, and receives the previous carry signal from any one of previous stages to turn on the pull-up unit and the carry unit, and the next stage. A pull-up driving unit which turns off the pull-up unit and the carry unit in response to a gate signal;
    During the (n-1) H time, during the high period of the first clock, the current gate signal output from the output terminal in response to the first clock is provided to the Q-node, and during (n-1) H time The current stage gate signal and the current stage may be provided to the Q-node by providing a previous carry signal output from an output terminal (hereinafter, referred to as a previous carry node) of a previous carry section in response to the second clock during a high period of a second clock. Ripple prevention unit for preventing the ripple of the carry signal; And
    In response to the first clock during the (n-1) H time, the current stage gate signal is provided to an output terminal (hereinafter, referred to as a current carry node) of the carry part to reset the current carry port to reset the Q of the next stage. And a first floating prevention unit for preventing floating of the node.
  13. The method of claim 12, wherein each stage,
    A holding part for maintaining the current gate signal in a discharge state; And
    And an inverter unit controlling driving of the holding unit and the first floating prevention unit in response to the first clock.
  14. delete
  15. The display device of claim 13, wherein the first floating prevention part comprises a control electrode connected to an output terminal of the inverter unit, an input electrode connected to a voltage input terminal receiving the off voltage from the outside, and an output electrode connected to the current carry terminal. A display device comprising two floating prevention transistors.
  16. delete
  17. delete
  18. The method of claim 12, wherein the display unit,
    A plurality of gate lines sequentially receiving the gate signal, a plurality of data lines receiving the data signal, a thin film transistor outputting the data signal in response to the gate signal, and a pixel electrode receiving the data signal. Array substrates;
    An opposite substrate coupled to the array substrate and provided with a common electrode facing the pixel electrode; And
    And a liquid crystal layer disposed between the array substrate and the counter substrate, the light transmittance of which is controlled by the pixel electrode and the common electrode.
  19. delete
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US11/760,174 US8174478B2 (en) 2006-06-12 2007-06-08 Gate driving circuit and display apparatus having the same
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