KR101152156B1 - Culture medium for mushrooms comprising palm bunch of oil palm as main ingredient - Google Patents

Culture medium for mushrooms comprising palm bunch of oil palm as main ingredient Download PDF

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KR101152156B1
KR101152156B1 KR1020100034503A KR20100034503A KR101152156B1 KR 101152156 B1 KR101152156 B1 KR 101152156B1 KR 1020100034503 A KR1020100034503 A KR 1020100034503A KR 20100034503 A KR20100034503 A KR 20100034503A KR 101152156 B1 KR101152156 B1 KR 101152156B1
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palm
mushroom
medium
oil
bunch
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KR20110115046A (en
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박태헌
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효성오앤비 주식회사
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • A01G18/20Culture media, e.g. compost
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H15/00Fungi; Lichens
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
    • C12N1/00Microorganisms, e.g. protozoa; Compositions thereof; Processes of propagating, maintaining or preserving microorganisms or compositions thereof; Processes of preparing or isolating a composition containing a microorganism; Culture media therefor
    • C12N1/14Fungi; Culture media therefor

Abstract

본 발명은 새로운 소재를 주재료로 하는 버섯재배용 배지에 관한 것으로, 본 발명에서는 기름야자(oil palm)의 팜번치(palm bunch)를 탄소원이자 주재료로 포함하는 버섯재배용 배지가 제공된다. 본 발명의 버섯재배용 배지는 질소원으로 유박을 더 포함할 수 있다. 본 발명의 버섯재배용 배지는 탄소원으로 셀룰로오스 공급원을 필요로 하는 모든 버섯의 배지로 적용될 수 있으며, 특히 많이 재배되는 느타리버섯, 표고버섯, 새송이버섯 등의 배지로 활용될 수 있다. 팜번치(palm bunch)는 좋은 탄소원이면서 통기?통수성이 좋아 이를 주재료로 하는 본 발명의 버섯재배용 배지는 톱밥, 폐솜, 볏짚, 왕겨 등을 주재료로 하는 종래의 버섯배지를 대체하여 널리 사용될 수 있다. The present invention relates to a mushroom cultivation medium using a new material as a main material, and in the present invention, a mushroom cultivation medium including a palm bunch of oil palms as a carbon source and a main material is provided. The mushroom cultivation medium of the present invention may further include oil foil as a nitrogen source. The mushroom cultivation medium of the present invention can be applied as a medium for all mushrooms that require a cellulose source as a carbon source, and can be used as a medium for cultivation of shiitake mushrooms, shiitake mushrooms, and mushrooms. Palm bunch is a good carbon source and good ventilation and water permeability, the mushroom cultivation medium of the present invention can be widely used as a substitute for the conventional mushroom medium containing sawdust, waste cotton, rice straw, chaff, etc. .

Description

기름야자의 팜번치를 주재료로 하는 버섯재배용 배지 {Culture medium for mushrooms comprising palm bunch of oil palm as main ingredient} Mushroom medium for mushrooms comprising palm bunch of oil palm as main ingredient}

본 발명은 버섯재배용 배지에 관한 것으로, 특히 새로운 소재를 주재료로 하는 버섯재배용 배지에 관한 것이다. The present invention relates to a mushroom cultivation medium, and more particularly, to a mushroom cultivation medium mainly using a new material.

느타리버섯, 표고버섯 등의 버섯류의 재배방법으로는 원목을 이용한 원목재배법과 일정한 설비를 갖춘 시설에서 재배하는 시설재배법이 있다. 원목재배법은 관리가 편하고 시설비가 적게 드는 장점이 있으나 버섯의 회수율이 낮고 원목 구입에 어려움이 있어, 점차 그 이용이 줄고 있다. 이런 원목재배법을 대체하여 최근에는 시설재배법이 널리 이용되고 있는데, 시설재배는 일정하게 조성된 배지에 버섯종균을 접종한 후 일정한 설비를 갖춘 시설에서 재배하는 것이다. Cultivation methods of mushrooms such as oyster mushrooms and shiitake mushrooms include the method of cultivating logs using solid wood and the method of cultivating plants in certain facilities. Wood cultivation method has the advantages of easy management and low facility cost, but the recovery rate of mushrooms and difficulty in purchasing wood are gradually decreasing its use. In recent years, the facility cultivation method is widely used in place of the wood cultivation method, which is inoculated with mushroom spawn in a uniformly formed medium and grown in a facility with a certain facility.

버섯은 광합성을 할 수 없기 때문에 탄소를 공기중에서 얻지 못하므로 자연계에 존재하는 목재, 볏짚, 왕겨, 낙엽, 부식질 등에 함유되어 있는 셀룰로오스, 헤미셀룰로오스를 탄소원으로 이용한다. 따라서 시설재배를 위해 인공적으로 조성되는 버섯배지에는 탄소원으로 톱밥, 볏짚, 폐솜, 왕겨 등이 탄소원이자 주원료로 포함된다. 그런데 이렇게 톱밥, 볏짚, 폐솜, 왕겨 등을 주원료로 하는 종래의 버섯배지는 통기성과 통수성이 좋지 않아 재배 중 폐사율이 높아지고 수확량이 감소하는 문제가 있다.
Since mushrooms cannot obtain carbon in the air because they cannot photosynthesize, cellulose and hemicellulose in natural wood, rice straw, rice hull, leaves, humus, etc. are used as carbon sources. Therefore, mushroom medium, which is artificially prepared for plant cultivation, includes carbon sources and main raw materials such as sawdust, rice straw, waste cotton, rice husk, etc. as carbon sources. However, the conventional mushroom medium, such as sawdust, rice straw, waste cotton, chaff, etc. as a main raw material has a problem that the mortality during the cultivation is high and the yield is reduced because of poor breathability and water permeability.

야자나무(palm)은 전세계에 약 220 속 2,500여 종이 있는데, 주로 열대와 아열대에 분포하며, 목재, 연료, 건축재, 섬유, 녹말, 기름, 술 등 많은 것을 제공하는 경제적으로 중요한 식물이다. 중요한 야자 종류에는 빈랑자 열매가 열리는 빈랑나무(betel palm), 열매껍질에서 코이어라는 섬유를 얻고 배젖의 지방으로 야자유를 짜내는 등 경제적으로 쓰임이 많은 코코야자(coconut palm), 과육에서 팜유, 커늘유를 얻는 기름야자(oil palm), 녹말을 채취하는 사고야자(sago palm), 열대지방에서 가로수로 흔히 심는 대왕야자(royal palm) 등이 있다. 본 발명은 이 중 기름야자(oil palm)와 관련된 것이다.
Palm is a plant of about 220 genera and 2,500 species around the world, mainly distributed in the tropics and subtropics. It is an economically important plant that provides many things such as wood, fuel, building materials, fiber, starch, oil, and liquor. Important palm varieties include betel palms with betel nut, coconut palms from the fruit bark and squeeze palm oil from the fat of the breast milk, palm oil from pulp, There are oil palms to obtain kernel oil, sago palms to collect starch, and royal palms that are commonly planted as trees in the tropics. The present invention relates to an oil palm among these.

본 발명에서는 종래 버섯배지에 탄소원으로 사용되어온 톱밥, 볏짚, 폐솜, 왕겨 등을 대체할 수 있는 새로운 탄소원이면서 통기성과 통수성이 좋은 기름야자(oil palm)의 팜번치(palm bunch)를 주재료로 하는 버섯재배용 배지를 제공하고자 한다. In the present invention is a new carbon source that can replace the sawdust, rice straw, waste cotton, chaff, etc. that have been used as a carbon source in the mushroom medium in the past as a main material of palm bunch of oil palm (oil palm) with good breathability and water permeability To provide a medium for mushroom cultivation.

기타 본 발명의 다른 목적 및 장점들은 하기에 설명될 것이며, 본 발명의 실시에 의해 더 잘 알게 될 것이다.
Other objects and advantages of the present invention will be described below and will be better understood by practice of the present invention.

본 발명에서는 기름야자(oil palm)의 팜번치(palm bunch)를 탄소원이자 전체 배지 중 30~100 중량%를 차지하는 주재료로 포함하는 버섯재배용 배지가 제공된다. 상기 팜번치(palm bunch)는 바람직하게는 전체 배지 중 40~97 중량%로 포함된다. In the present invention is provided a mushroom cultivation medium containing a palm bunch of oil palm (palm bunch) as a carbon source and the main material occupying 30 to 100% by weight of the total medium. The palm bunch is preferably contained in 40 to 97% by weight of the total medium.

바람직한 실시예에서 본 발명의 버섯재배용 배지는 질소원으로 유박을 더 포함할 수 있다. 상기 유박으로는 깻묵; 콩깻묵; 땅콩박; 팜박; 및 야자박 등이 사용될 수 있다. In a preferred embodiment, the mushroom cultivation medium of the present invention may further include oil foil as a nitrogen source. As the oil foil; Soybean jelly; Peanut foil; Palm leaf; And palm leaves and the like can be used.

본 발명의 버섯재배용 배지는 탄소원으로 셀룰로오스 공급원을 필요로 하는 모든 버섯의 배지로 적용될 수 있으며, 특히 많이 재배되는 느타리버섯, 노루궁뎅이버섯, 표고버섯, 새송이버섯 등의 배지로 활용될 수 있으나 이에 한정되는 것은 아니다.
The mushroom cultivation medium of the present invention may be applied to the medium of all mushrooms that require a cellulose source as a carbon source, and may be used as a medium of cultivated mushrooms, roe deer mushrooms, shiitake mushrooms, mushrooms, etc. It doesn't happen.

팜번치(palm bunch)는 좋은 탄소원이면서 통기?통수성이 좋아 이를 주재료로 하는 본 발명의 버섯재배용 배지는 톱밥, 폐솜, 볏짚, 왕겨 등을 주재료로 하는 종래의 버섯배지를 대체하여 널리 사용될 수 있다. 또한, 본 발명은 종래 톱밥, 폐솜, 볏짚, 쌀겨 등으로 비교적 한정되어 있던 버섯배지의 주재료를 새로운 소재로 확대하고, 종래 특별한 용도 없이 폐기되던 팜번치를 활용하는 효과가 있다. 또, 팜번치는 기름야자의 열매수확 후 가지에 남은 것을 채취하여 사용하는 것이므로 종래 1차 사용 후 폐기되던 재료를 배지원료로 재활용하던 것에 비해 위생적이며, 따라서 버섯농가의 버섯재배환경 개선에도 기여할 것으로 기대된다.
Palm bunch is a good carbon source and good ventilation and water permeability, the mushroom cultivation medium of the present invention can be widely used as a substitute for the conventional mushroom medium containing sawdust, waste cotton, rice straw, chaff, etc. . In addition, the present invention has the effect of expanding the main material of the mushroom medium, which was relatively limited to the conventional sawdust, waste cotton, rice straw, rice bran, etc. to a new material, and utilizes the farm bunch that was conventionally disposed without special use. In addition, since the palm bunch is used to collect what is left on the branches after oil palm harvesting, it is more hygienic than recycling the materials that were previously discarded after the first use as a raw material, thus contributing to improving the mushroom cultivation environment of mushroom farmers. It is expected.

도 1a 내지 1c는 열매가 열린 기름야자(oil palm)의 사진으로, 도 1a는 하나의 열매이삭에 1,000개 이상의 열매가 달린 모습이며, 도 1b는 이 부분을 확대한 사진이며, 도 1c는 붉은 열매를 수확한 뒤에 남은 여러 개의 번치들(bunches)을 보여주는 사진이다.
Figures 1a to 1c is a picture of an oil palm (oil palm) open, Figure 1a is a view of more than 1,000 fruits in one fruit ear, Figure 1b is an enlarged picture, Figure 1c is a red This is a picture of the bunches left after harvesting the fruit.

본 발명의 버섯재배용 배지에는 기름야자(oil palm)의 팜번치(palm bunch)가 탄소원이자 주재료로 포함된다. 기름야자(oil palm)는 서부 아프리카 원산으로 열대지방에서 널리 재배되는데 잎의 밑부분에 산방형으로 열매가 달린다. 도 1a 및 1b과 같이 한 열매이삭에 1,000개 이상의 열매가 달리며, 열매는 붉은 색으로 직경 3~5㎝ 정도의 크기이다. 이렇게 한 열매이삭에 달린 1,000개 정도의 열매를 수확하고 나면 열매가 달려있던 자리에 도 1c와 같이 섬유질 다발이 남게 되는데 이를 번치(bunch)라고 한다 (도 1c). 본 명세서에서 "팜번치(palm bunch)"는 이러한 기름야자의 번치를 의미한다. 기름야자의 팜번치는 섬유질로 이루어져 있어 버섯의 탄소원이 되는 셀룰로오스 및 리그닌이 풍부하며, 단단하면서도 성긴 고유의 섬유조직을 갖고 있어 톱밥 정도 내지는 왕겨 정도의 크기로 조분쇄하여 사용할 경우 좋은 통기성과 통수성을 갖게 된다. 팜번치는 바람직하게는 톱밥 정도 내지는 왕겨 정도의 크기로 조분쇄하여 사용하며, 좋은 통수성을 갖기 위해서는 입자 간에 충분한 공극을 유지하여야 하므로 너무 미세하게 분쇄하는 것은 바람직하지 않다. 팜번치는 본 발명의 버섯재배용 배지에, 배지 전체 중량의 30% 이상으로 포함되는 것이 바람직하며 100% 사용하여 배지를 구성하는 것도 가능하다. 팜번치는 더욱 바람직하게는 배지 전체 중량의 40~97 중량%로 포함된다. The mushroom cultivation medium of the present invention includes a palm bunch of oil palms as a carbon source and a main material. Oil palms are native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in the tropics, with fruit scattered on the base of the leaves. As shown in FIGS. 1A and 1B, more than 1,000 fruits run on one fruit ear, and the fruit is red in color and has a size of about 3-5 cm in diameter. After harvesting about 1,000 fruits on one fruit ear, a fiber bundle is left as shown in Fig. 1c where the fruit rested, which is called a bunch (Fig. 1c). As used herein, "palm bunch" refers to a bunch of such oil palms. The oil palm palm bun is made of fiber and is rich in cellulose and lignin, which are the carbon source of mushrooms, and has a hard and coarse fiber structure. It is good for breathability and water permeability when coarsely crushed into sawdust or chaff. Will have The palm bunch is preferably coarsely pulverized to the size of a sawdust or chaff, and in order to have good water permeability, it is not preferable to grind too finely because sufficient pores must be maintained between the particles. Palm bunch is preferably contained in the mushroom cultivation medium of the present invention in more than 30% of the total weight of the medium, it is also possible to configure the medium using 100%. The palm bunch is more preferably contained in 40 to 97% by weight of the total weight of the medium.

본 발명의 버섯재배용 배지는 팜번치 자체에 함유되어 있는 소량의 단백질이나 이를 발효시켜 생산되는 아미노태 질소를 질소원으로 할 수 있다. 그러나 버섯 종류마다 요구되는 C/N비를 맞추기 위해, 바람직하게는 질소원으로 일반적으로 사용되는 아미노산, 단백질 성분, 특히 유박을 더 포함할 수 있다. 유박으로는 깻묵; 콩깻묵; 땅콩박; 팜박; 및 야자박 등이 사용될 수 있다. 버섯 종류마다 요구되는 C/N비에 따라 유박 등 질소원으로 사용되는 성분의 첨가량을 정한다.Mushroom culture medium of the present invention may be a nitrogen source of a small amount of protein contained in the palm bunch itself or amino nitrogen produced by fermenting it. However, in order to match the C / N ratio required for each type of mushroom, it may further include amino acids, protein components, and especially oil, which is generally used as a nitrogen source. Oil cake with oil; Soybean jelly; Peanut foil; Palm leaf; And palm leaves and the like can be used. Depending on the C / N ratio required for each type of mushroom, determine the amount of ingredients used for the nitrogen source, such as oil and milk.

상기와 같이 팜번치를 주재료로 하여 버섯배지를 구성한 다음에는 일반적인 버섯배지 조성과 마찬가지로 살균 또는 발효절차를 거치고 산도를 조절하여 배지를 완성한 후 버섯종균을 접종한다.After the mushroom medium as a main ingredient as described above, the mushroom broth is then inoculated with mushroom spawn after completion of the medium by sterilization or fermentation procedure and control of acidity as in the general mushroom medium composition.

본 발명의 버섯재배용 배지는 탄소원으로 셀룰로오스 공급원을 필요로 하는 모든 버섯에 적용될 수 있으며, 특히 한정되는 것은 아니나 느타리버섯, 노루궁뎅이버섯, 표고버섯, 새송이버섯 등의 배지로 활용될 수 있다.
The mushroom cultivation medium of the present invention can be applied to all mushrooms that require a cellulose source as a carbon source, and is not particularly limited, but may be used as a medium of oyster mushroom, roe deer mushroom, shiitake mushroom, and matsutake mushroom.

[실시예][Example]

이하 구체적인 실시예를 통해 본 발명을 보다 상세히 설명한다. 그러나 이들 실시예는 오로지 본 발명을 보다 구체적으로 설명하기 위한 것으로, 본 발명의 범위가 이들 실시예에 의해 한정되는 것은 아니다.
Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in more detail with reference to specific examples. However, these examples are only for illustrating the present invention in more detail, the scope of the present invention is not limited by these examples.

실시예 1Example 1

기름야자의 팜번치를 톱밥크기로 조분쇄한 팜번치 조쇄분말 50 중량%에 팜박 20 중량% 및 톱밥 30 중량%를 혼합하고, 가수한 다음, 뒤집기하고, 입상(40㎝x40㎝x8㎝)하여, 살균시킨 후, 느타리버섯 종균을 접종하였다. 잘 발아하였으며, 종래 볏짚을 주재료로 한 배지에 비해 발이율이 증가하였고 버섯의 품질이 향상되었고 수확량도 증가하였다.
To 50% by weight of the palm bun powder pulverized oil palm palm bunch into sawdust size, 20% by weight of palm foil and 30% by weight of sawdust were mixed, watered, and then turned upside down and granulated (40cmx40cmx8cm). After sterilization, the seedlings of Pleurotus eryngii were inoculated. Germination was well, and the germination rate was increased, the quality of the mushrooms was improved, and the yield was increased compared to the medium containing rice straw.

실시예 2Example 2

기름야자의 팜번치를 톱밥크기로 조분쇄한 팜번치 조쇄분말 50 중량%에 야자박 20 중량%를 혼합하여 입상화(pellet)하고, 톱밥 30%를 혼합하여 가수한 다음, 뒤집기하고, 입상(40㎝x40㎝x8㎝)하여, 살균시킨 후, 느타리버섯 종균을 접종하였다. 잘 발아하였으며, 종래 톱밥을 주재료로 한 배지에 비해 발이율이 증가하였고 버섯의 색택이 좋아지고 수확량이 증가하였다.
50% by weight of palm bran crushed powder of palm oil in sawdust size is mixed with 20% by weight of palm leaf, pelletized, 30% of sawdust is mixed with water, and then inverted and granulated ( 40 cm × 40 cm × 8 cm), and sterilized, followed by inoculation of Pleurotus eryngii spawn. Germination was well, and the germination rate was increased compared to the medium containing the sawdust as a main ingredient, the color of the mushroom was improved, and the yield was increased.

실시예 3Example 3

기름야자의 팜번치를 톱밥크기로 조분쇄한 팜번치 조쇄분말 40 중량%에 팜박 20 중량% 및 톱밥 40 중량%를 혼합하고, 가수한 다음, 뒤집기하고, 입상(40㎝x40㎝x8㎝)하여, 살균시킨 후, 노루궁뎅이버섯 종균을 접종하였다. 잘 발이하였으며, 종래 볏짚을 주재료로 한 배지에 비해 발아율이 증가하였고 수확량이 증가하였다. 40% by weight of palm crushed crushed palm bunch of oil palm to sawdust size was mixed with 20% by weight of palm foil and 40% by weight of sawdust, watered, flipped and granulated (40cmx40cmx8cm). After sterilization, the seedlings were seeded. It germinated well, and the germination rate was increased and the yield was increased compared with the conventional straw-based medium.

Claims (5)

기름야자(oil palm)의 팜번치(palm bunch)를 탄소원으로서 전체 배지 중 30~100 중량%로 포함하는 버섯재배용 배지. A culture medium for mushroom cultivation comprising palm palm (oil palm) bunch (oil palm) as a carbon source in 30 to 100% by weight of the total medium. 제1항에 있어서, 상기 팜번치(palm bunch)를 전체 배지 중 40~97 중량%로 포함하는 버섯재배용 배지. According to claim 1, wherein the farm bunch (palm bunch) mushroom culture medium comprising 40 to 97% by weight of the total medium. 제1항에 있어서, 상기 버섯은 느타리버섯, 노루궁뎅이버섯, 표고버섯, 새송이버섯 중 어느 하나인 버섯재배용 배지. According to claim 1, wherein the mushroom is mushroom culture medium, which is any one of oyster mushroom, roe deer mushroom, shiitake mushroom, matsutake mushroom. 제1항 내지 제3항 중 어느 한 항에 있어서, 질소원으로 유박을 더 포함하는 버섯재배용 배지. The mushroom cultivation medium according to any one of claims 1 to 3, further comprising oil foil as a nitrogen source. 제4항에 있어서, 상기 유박은 깻묵; 콩깻묵; 땅콩박; 팜박; 및 야자박으로 구성된 군으로부터 1종 이상 선택되는 버섯재배용 배지.The method according to claim 4, wherein the oil foil; Soybean jelly; Peanut foil; Palm leaf; And at least one mushroom cultivation medium selected from the group consisting of palm leaves.
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CN103828597A (en) * 2013-07-01 2014-06-04 鲁东大学 Method for making pleurotus citrinopileatus liquid spawn
CN104285674A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-01-21 汤阴森奇生物技术有限公司 Method for using mesh bag wall to cultivate Volvariella volvacea
KR101582972B1 (en) 2015-02-24 2016-01-06 (주)명진아이티티 Raw Material Medium Composition for Culturing Mushroom and Method for Culturing Mushroom Using the Same
KR101783307B1 (en) 2015-10-01 2017-09-29 효성오앤비 주식회사 Solid medium composition for water culture, and grow bag and water culture method using it

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KR101440797B1 (en) * 2012-10-25 2014-09-17 효성오앤비 주식회사 Soil conditioner composition comprising palm bunch(empty fruit bunch) as active ingredient
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Cited By (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103828597A (en) * 2013-07-01 2014-06-04 鲁东大学 Method for making pleurotus citrinopileatus liquid spawn
CN104285674A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-01-21 汤阴森奇生物技术有限公司 Method for using mesh bag wall to cultivate Volvariella volvacea
CN104285674B (en) * 2014-10-24 2016-06-08 汤阴森奇生物技术有限公司 A kind of method utilizing mesh bag wall-cultivating straw mushroom
KR101582972B1 (en) 2015-02-24 2016-01-06 (주)명진아이티티 Raw Material Medium Composition for Culturing Mushroom and Method for Culturing Mushroom Using the Same
KR101783307B1 (en) 2015-10-01 2017-09-29 효성오앤비 주식회사 Solid medium composition for water culture, and grow bag and water culture method using it

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