KR101143435B1 - Admixtures, concrete composition and cement mortar composition using thereof - Google Patents

Admixtures, concrete composition and cement mortar composition using thereof Download PDF

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KR101143435B1
KR101143435B1 KR1020110117533A KR20110117533A KR101143435B1 KR 101143435 B1 KR101143435 B1 KR 101143435B1 KR 1020110117533 A KR1020110117533 A KR 1020110117533A KR 20110117533 A KR20110117533 A KR 20110117533A KR 101143435 B1 KR101143435 B1 KR 101143435B1
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weight
admixture
strength
sulfoxy
ether
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KR1020110117533A
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Korean (ko)
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성길모
이대근
이강우
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(주)유성테크
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B18/00Use of agglomerated or waste materials or refuse as fillers for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of agglomerated or waste materials or refuse, specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B18/04Waste materials; Refuse
    • C04B18/14Waste materials; Refuse from metallurgical processes
    • C04B18/141Slags
    • C04B18/142Steelmaking slags, converter slags
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B14/00Use of inorganic materials as fillers, e.g. pigments, for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of inorganic materials specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B14/02Granular materials, e.g. microballoons
    • C04B14/30Oxides other than silica
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B18/00Use of agglomerated or waste materials or refuse as fillers for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of agglomerated or waste materials or refuse, specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B18/04Waste materials; Refuse
    • C04B18/06Combustion residues, e.g. purification products of smoke, fumes or exhaust gases
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B24/00Use of organic materials as active ingredients for mortars, concrete or artificial stone, e.g. plasticisers
    • C04B24/12Nitrogen containing compounds organic derivatives of hydrazine
    • C04B24/122Hydroxy amines
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2103/00Function or property of ingredients for mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B2103/0068Ingredients with a function or property not provided for elsewhere in C04B2103/00
    • C04B2103/0091Organic co-binders for mineral binder compositions
    • C04B2103/0092Organic co-binders for mineral binder compositions for improving green strength
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

PURPOSE: An admixture for strength enhancement, a concrete composition using thereof, and a cement mortar composition using thereof are provided to enhance early strength of concrete composition or cement mortar composition. CONSTITUTION: An admixture for strength enhancement comprises 20-80 weight% of slag powder, 1-30 weight% of anhydrous gypsum, 5-50 weight% of calcium sulfate. The calcium sulfate has ignition loss(Ig.loss) of 13-14%, and comprises 55-65 weight% of CaO, 0.1-5 weight% of siO2, 0.1-3 weight% of al2O3, 1-10 weight% of MgO, 15-40 weight% of SO3, 0.1-3 weight% of fe2O3, 0.01-0.3 weight% of K2O, 0.01-0.3 weight% of V. The admixture additionally includes 1-20 weight% of copolymers which includes polyoxyalkylene alkenyl ether sulfate. The admixture additionally includes 1-20 weight% of steam supply and power generating plant fuel ash 1-20 weight%.

Description

강도증진용 혼화제, 이를 이용한 콘크리트조성물 및 시멘트모르타르 조성물{ADMIXTURES, CONCRETE COMPOSITION AND CEMENT MORTAR COMPOSITION USING THEREOF}Strengthening admixture, concrete composition and cement mortar composition using same {ADMIXTURES, CONCRETE COMPOSITION AND CEMENT MORTAR COMPOSITION USING THEREOF}

본 발명은 콘크리트조성물 또는 시멘트모르타르조성물의 조기강도를 증가시키고, 균열을 저감하며, 내구성을 증진시키기 위한 강도증진용 혼화제에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a strength increasing admixture for increasing the early strength of the concrete composition or cement mortar composition, reducing cracks, and enhancing durability.

콘크리트 또는 시멘트모르타르 등과 같은 시멘트 조성물은 시멘트와 물과의 반응으로 경화되는 수경성 반응물로, 물의 사용량에 따라서 경화 후 압축강도 등의 물리적 특성이 다르다. 보통 물의 사용량의 증가는 작업성을 향상시키는 반면에 압축강도 등을 저하시키고 균열 발생을 초래하므로 시멘트 조성물에 대한 물의 사용량은 제한되며, 물의 사용량을 줄이기 위하여 한국공업규격 KS F 2560에 기재된 바에 따르고, 후술하는 바와 같이 콘크리트용 화학 혼화제를 사용하고 있다.Cement compositions such as concrete or cement mortar are hydraulic reactants that are cured by the reaction between cement and water, and have different physical properties such as compressive strength after curing depending on the amount of water used. In general, an increase in the amount of water used improves workability, while lowering compressive strength and causing cracks, so that the amount of water used for the cement composition is limited, and according to Korean Industrial Standard KS F 2560 to reduce the amount of water used. As will be described later, a chemical admixture for concrete is used.

화학적으로 합성된 혼화제의 종류는 크게 AE제(air entraining admixture), 감수제(water reducing admixture), 고성능 감수제(high range water reducing admixture)등이 사용되고 있다. 또한 시멘트 조성물에 사용되어 미세 공기량을 증가시키는 화학 혼화제인 AE제는 감수제 또는 고성능 감수제와 혼합되어 AE 감수제(air entraining and water reducing admixture) 및 고성능 AE 감수제로 분류되어 있다. AE 감수제의 물을 감소시키는 능력은 사용하지 않는 것에 대하여 물의 사용량을 10 중량% 정도를 감소시킬 수 있으며, 고성능 AE 감수제는 18 중량% 이상을 감소시킬 수 있다.Chemically synthesized types of admixtures include AE (air entraining admixture), water reducing admixture, and high range water reducing admixture. In addition, AE, which is a chemical admixture used in cement compositions to increase the amount of fine air, is mixed with a water reducing agent or a high performance water reducing agent and classified into an air entraining and water reducing admixture and a high performance AE water reducing agent. The ability of the AE water reducing agent to reduce water can reduce water usage by as much as 10% by weight, while the high performance AE water reducing agent can reduce by more than 18% by weight.

근래에 들어서는 높은 감수성과 충분한 유동성을 나타내며 또한, 응결 시간 단축을 통해 조기에 강도를 발현시켜 높은 작업성과 공사 기간 단축을 가능하게 해주는 시멘트 혼화제가 개발되어 왔다. In recent years, cement admixtures have been developed that exhibit high susceptibility and sufficient fluidity, and also exhibit high strength through shortening of condensation time, thereby enabling high workability and shortening construction period.

우리나라 공개특허 10-2009-0095862호 “목초액을 이용하여 제조된 콘크리트의 조강 및 장기강도증진을 위한 혼화제 및 이의 제조방법”은 목초액을 전체 콘크리트용 혼화제 조성물에 대하여 0.02 내지 20.0 중량%의 양으로 첨가함으로써 콘크리트의 초기 강도와 장기 강도를 증가시키고, 기존의 콘크리트 혼화제인 AE 감수제와 고성능 AE 감수제보다 우수한 조강성 및 장기강도증진효과를 갖는 혼화제 및 이의 제조방법이 개시되어 있다.Korean Patent Laid-Open Publication No. 10-2009-0095862 "Admixture for Enhancing Long-Term Strength and Strength of Concrete Prepared by Using Wood Vinegar and Method for Producing It" adds wood vinegar in an amount of 0.02 to 20.0 wt% based on the total admixture composition for concrete By increasing the initial strength and long-term strength of the concrete, and has a better roughing strength and long-term strength enhancing effect than the conventional concrete admixtures AE water reducing agent and high performance AE water reducing agent and a method for producing the same.

우리나라 공개특허 10-2009-0095862호(2009.09.10)Korean Patent Publication No. 10-2009-0095862 (2009.09.10)

본 발명은 산업부산물로 얻어지는 배연탈황석고 및 열병합발전소 연소재를 포함하여 자원재활용을 할 수 있으므로 환경 친화적이며, 혼화제의 단가상승을 억제할 수 있으며, 잠재수경성을 갖는 슬래그미분말의 조기수화를 촉진시킴으로서 기타의 물성저하 없이 시멘트 치환량을 증가시킬 수 있고, 조기강도가 증진되고, 균열 저감 및 내구성 증진의 효과가 있는 강도증진용 혼화제를 제공하고자 한다.The present invention is environmentally friendly because it can recycle resources including flue gas desulfurization gypsum and cogeneration plant combustion materials obtained as industrial by-products, can suppress the unit cost increase of admixtures, and promote the early hydration of the slag powder having potential hydrophobicity It is to provide a strength increasing admixture that can increase the amount of cement substitution, improve early strength, reduce cracking and improve durability without any other deterioration of physical properties.

또한 본 발명은 상기 강도증진용 혼화제를 포함하는 콘크리트 조성물 또는 시멘트 모르타르 조성물을 제공하고자 한다.In another aspect, the present invention is to provide a concrete composition or cement mortar composition comprising the admixture for strength.

본 발명은 슬래그 미분말 20 ~ 80 중량%, 무수석고 1 ~ 30 중량% 및 탈황석고 5 ~ 50 중량%를 포함하는 강도증진용 혼화제에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a strength enhancing admixture comprising 20 to 80% by weight of fine slag powder, 1 to 30% by weight anhydrous gypsum and 5 to 50% by weight desulfurized gypsum.

보다 구체적으로 본 발명은 슬래그 미분말 20 ~ 80 중량%, 무수석고 1 ~ 30 중량% 및 강열감량(Ig.loss)이 13~14%이며, CaO 55 ~ 65 중량%, SiO2 0.1 ~ 5 중량%, Al2O3 0.1 ~ 3 중량%, MgO 1 ~ 10 중량%, SO3 15 ~ 40 중량%, Fe2O3 0.1 ~ 3 중량%, K2O 0.01 ~ 0.3 중량%, V 0.01 ~ 0.3 중량%를 포함하는 탈황석고 5 ~ 50 중량%를 포함하는 강도증진용 혼화제에 관한 것이다.More specifically, the present invention is 20 to 80% by weight of fine slag powder, 1 to 30% by weight anhydrous gypsum and 13 to 14% loss of ignition (Ig.loss), CaO 55 to 65% by weight, SiO 2 0.1 to 5% by weight , Al 2 O 3 0.1-3 wt%, MgO 1-10 wt%, SO 3 15-40 wt%, Fe 2 O 3 0.1-3 wt%, K 2 O 0.01-0.3 wt%, V 0.01-0.3 wt% It relates to a strength enhancing admixture comprising 5 to 50% by weight of desulfurized gypsum comprising%.

또한 본 발명은 강도촉진제로 술폭시폴리에틸렌글리콜노닐페닐프로페닐에테르, 술폭시폴리에틸렌글리콜알릴에테르, 술폭시폴리프로필렌글리콜알릴에테르, 술폭시폴리부틸렌글리콜알릴에테르, 술폭시폴리에틸렌글리콜2-부테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리프로필렌글리콜2-부테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리부틸렌글리콜2-부테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리에틸렌글리콜3-부테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리프로필렌글리콜3-부테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리부틸렌글리콜3-부테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리에틸렌글리콜3-펜테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리프로필렌글리콜3-펜테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리부틸렌글리콜3-펜테닐에테르에서 선택되는 어느 하나 또는 둘 이상의 폴리옥시알킬렌알케닐에테르 설페이트 염을 포함하는 공중합체를 1 ~ 20 중량% 더 포함하는 강도증진용 혼화제에 관한 것이다.In addition, the present invention as a strength promoter sulfoxy polyethylene glycol nonyl phenyl propenyl ether, sulfoxy polyethylene glycol allyl ether, sulfoxy polypropylene glycol allyl ether, sulfoxy polybutylene glycol allyl ether, sulfoxy polyethylene glycol 2-butenyl ether , Sulfoxy polypropylene glycol 2-butenyl ether, sulfoxy polybutylene glycol 2-butenyl ether, sulfoxy polyethylene glycol 3-butenyl ether, sulfoxy polypropylene glycol 3-butenyl ether, sulfoxy polybutylene One or two or more polyoxyalkyl selected from glycol 3-butenyl ether, sulfoxy polyethylene glycol 3-pentenyl ether, sulfoxy polypropylene glycol 3-pentenyl ether, sulfoxy polybutylene glycol 3-pentenyl ether It relates to a strength enhancing admixture further comprising 1 to 20% by weight of a copolymer comprising a lenalkenyl ether sulfate salt.

또한, 본 발명은 이산화규소 10 ~ 20 중량%, 산화알루미늄 1 ~ 15 중량%, 산화철 1 ~ 10 중량%, 산화칼슘 15 ~ 40 중량% 및 산화황 30 ~ 60 중량%를 포함하는 열병합발전소 연소재를 더 포함하는 강도증진용 혼화제에 관한 것이다.In addition, the present invention is a cogeneration plant combustion material comprising 10 to 20% by weight of silicon dioxide, 1 to 15% by weight of aluminum oxide, 1 to 10% by weight of iron oxide, 15 to 40% by weight of calcium oxide and 30 to 60% by weight of sulfur oxide. It relates to a strength increasing admixture further comprises.

또한 본 발명은 하기 화학식 1의 폴리아민올을 0.1 ~ 3중량% 더 포함하는 강도증진용 혼화제에 관한 것이다.The present invention also relates to a strength enhancing admixture comprising 0.1 to 3% by weight of a polyamineol of the general formula (1).

[화학식 1][Formula 1]

Figure 112011089207653-pat00001
Figure 112011089207653-pat00001

(상기 화학식에서, R1과 R2는 각각 독립적으로 H 또는 (CH2)nOH이며, n은 1 ~ 20에서 선택되는 정수이다.)(In the above formula, R 1 and R 2 are each independently H or (CH 2 ) nOH, n is an integer selected from 1 to 20.)

또한, 본 발명은 상기 강도증진용 혼화제를 포함하는 콘크리트 조성물 또는 시멘트 모르타르 조성물에 관한 것이다.
The present invention also relates to a concrete composition or cement mortar composition comprising the admixture for increasing strength.

이하는 본 발명의 각 구성에 대하여 보다 구체적으로 설명한다.Hereinafter, each configuration of the present invention will be described in more detail.

(1)슬래그 미분말(1) fine slag powder

본 발명에서 상기 슬래그 미분말은 제철/제강 공정에서 발생하는 슬래그를 분쇄한 것을 의미하며, 이때 분말도 3000~10000㎠/g인 것이 바람직하다.In the present invention, the fine slag powder means that the slag generated in the steelmaking / steelmaking process is pulverized, wherein the powder is preferably 3000 ~ 10000 ㎠ / g.

보다 구체적으로 예를 들면, 고로슬래그 미분말, 제강슬래그 미분말 등을 사용할 수 있으며, 이들에 제한되는 것은 아니다.More specifically, for example, blast furnace slag fine powder, steelmaking slag fine powder, or the like may be used, but is not limited thereto.

본 발명에서 상기 슬래그 미분말은 강도를 향상시키고, 수화발열속도의 저감 및 콘크리트의 온도상승을 억제하며, 장기강도를 향상시키고, 수밀성을 향상시키며, 철근의 부식을 억제하고, 황산염 등에 대한 화학저항성을 향상시키기 위해서 사용하는 것으로, 혼화제 전체 함량 중 20 ~ 80 중량%, 보다 바람직하게는 40 ~ 70 중량%, 더욱 바람직하게는 50 ~ 60 중량%를 사용하는 것이 바람직하다. 20 중량% 미만으로 사용하는 경우는 그 효과가 미미하며, 80 중량%를 초과하여 사용하는 경우는 초기강도가 저하될 수 있고, 중성화 진행이 빨라질 수 있다.
In the present invention, the slag fine powder improves the strength, decreases the hydration heating rate and suppresses the temperature rise of the concrete, improves the long-term strength, improves the water-tightness, inhibits the corrosion of the rebar, chemical resistance to sulfate, etc. In order to improve, it is preferable to use 20 to 80 weight%, more preferably 40 to 70 weight%, more preferably 50 to 60 weight% of the total content of the admixture. In case of using less than 20% by weight, the effect is insignificant, and in the case of using more than 80% by weight, the initial strength may be lowered, and the neutralization may be accelerated.

(2)무수석고(2) anhydrous gypsum

본 발명에서 상기 무수석고는 압축강도, 휨강도, 인장강도를 더욱 향상시키기 위하여 사용하는 것으로, 천연석고와 화학석고를 모두 사용할 수 있다.In the present invention, the anhydrous gypsum is used to further improve compressive strength, flexural strength, and tensile strength, and natural gypsum and chemical gypsum can be used.

그 함량은 혼화제 전체 함량 중 1 ~ 30 중량%, 보다 바람직하게는 10 ~ 20 중량%를 사용하는 것이 바람직하다. 1 중량% 미만으로 사용하는 경우는 사용에 따른 효과가 미미하며, 30 중량%를 초과하여 사용하는 경우는 초기강도가 저하되고, 동결융해 및 염해에 의한 저항성이 저하되며, 중성화 진행이 빨라질 수 있다.
The content is preferably 1 to 30% by weight, more preferably 10 to 20% by weight of the total content of the admixture. In case of using less than 1% by weight, the effect according to use is insignificant, in the case of using in excess of 30% by weight, the initial strength is lowered, the resistance by freeze-thawing and salt degradation is lowered, and the neutralization process may be accelerated. .

(3) 탈황석고 (3) desulfurized gypsum

본 발명에서 상기 탈황석고는 조기강도를 촉진하고, 내구성을 증가시키기 위하여 사용하는 것으로, 석유 정제 과정, 열병합발전소 및 화력발전소에서 부산되는 것으로 탈황과정을 거쳐 생산되는 석고를 의미한다.In the present invention, the desulfurized gypsum is used to promote early strength and increase durability, and means gypsum produced through a desulfurization process by being used in petroleum refining, cogeneration and thermal power plants.

보다 구체적으로 본 발명은 강열감량(Ig.loss)이 13~14%이며, CaO 55 ~ 65 중량%, SiO2 0.1 ~ 5 중량%, Al2O3 0.1 ~ 3 중량%, MgO 1 ~ 10 중량%, SO3 15 ~ 40 중량%, Fe2O3 0.1 ~ 3 중량%, K2O 0.01 ~ 0.3 중량%, V 0.01 ~ 0.3 중량%를 포함하는 범위를 만족하는 것을 사용함으로써, 조기강도가 촉진되고, 내구성이 매우 향상되는 것을 발견하여 본 발명을 완성 하였다. More specifically, the present invention has an ignition loss (Ig.loss) of 13 to 14%, CaO 55 to 65% by weight, SiO 2 0.1 to 5% by weight, Al 2 O 3 0.1 to 3% by weight, MgO 1 to 10% by weight Promotes early strength by using a content satisfying the range including%, SO 3 15-40 wt%, Fe 2 O 3 0.1-3 wt%, K 2 O 0.01-0.3 wt%, V 0.01-0.3 wt% It was found that the durability is very improved to complete the present invention.

일 예로 석유 정제과정에서 탈활과정에서 생산되는 석고로써, 강열감량(Ig.loss)이 13~14%이며, CaO 60.6 중량%, SiO2 0.5 중량%, Al2O3 0.39 중량%, MgO 3.36중량%, SO3 21.2 중량%, Fe2O3 0.3 중량%, K2O 0.12 중량%, V 0.12 중량%를 포함하는 범위를 만족하는 것을 사용하는 것이 더욱 바람직하다. For example, gypsum produced during the deactivation process in petroleum refining process, the ignition loss (Ig.loss) is 13-14%, CaO 60.6%, SiO 2 0.5%, Al 2 O 3 0.39%, MgO 3.36% It is more preferable to use those satisfying the range including%, SO 3 21.2 wt%, Fe 2 O 3 0.3 wt%, K 2 O 0.12 wt%, V 0.12 wt%.

상기 탈황석고는 혼화제 전체 함량 중 5 ~ 50 중량%, 보다 바람직하게는 10 ~ 30 중량%를 사용하는 것이 바람직하다. 5 중량% 미만으로 사용하는 경우는 조기강도를 촉진하고, 내구성을 향상시키는 효과가 미미하며, 50 중량%를 초과하는 경우는 초기강도가 오히려 저하되고, 동결융해 및 염해에 의한 저항성이 저하될 수 있으며, 중성화 진행이 빠르게 될 수 있다.
The desulfurized gypsum is preferably 5 to 50% by weight, more preferably 10 to 30% by weight of the total content of the admixture. In case of using less than 5% by weight, the effect of promoting early strength and improving durability is insignificant, and in excess of 50% by weight, the initial strength may be lowered and the resistance by freeze-thawing and salting may be lowered. The neutralization process can be accelerated.

(4)강도촉진제(4) tensifiers

본 발명의 혼화제는 필요에 따라 강도촉진제로 술폭시폴리에틸렌글리콜노닐페닐프로페닐에테르, 술폭시폴리에틸렌글리콜알릴에테르, 술폭시폴리프로필렌글리콜알릴에테르, 술폭시폴리부틸렌글리콜알릴에테르, 술폭시폴리에틸렌글리콜2-부테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리프로필렌글리콜2-부테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리부틸렌글리콜2-부테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리에틸렌글리콜3-부테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리프로필렌글리콜3-부테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리부틸렌글리콜3-부테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리에틸렌글리콜3-펜테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리프로필렌글리콜3-펜테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리부틸렌글리콜3-펜테닐에테르에서 선택되는 어느 하나 또는 둘 이상의 폴리옥시알킬렌알케닐에테르 설페이트 염을 포함하는 공중합체를 더 포함할 수 있다.The admixtures of the present invention may be sulfoxypolyethylene glycol nonylphenylpropenyl ether, sulfoxypolyethylene glycol allyl ether, sulfoxy polypropylene glycol allyl ether, sulfoxy polybutylene glycol allyl ether, sulfoxy polyethylene glycol 2 as necessary. -Butenyl ether, sulfoxy polypropylene glycol 2-butenyl ether, sulfoxy polybutylene glycol 2-butenyl ether, sulfoxy polyethylene glycol 3-butenyl ether, sulfoxy polypropylene glycol 3-butenyl ether, alcohol Any one or two selected from foxy polybutylene glycol 3-butenyl ether, sulfoxypolyethylene glycol 3-pentenyl ether, sulfoxy polypropylene glycol 3-pentenyl ether, sulfoxy polybutylene glycol 3-pentenyl ether It may further include a copolymer containing the above polyoxyalkylene alkenyl ether sulfate salt.

그 함량은 혼화제 전체 함량 중 1 ~ 20 중량% 더 포함할 수 있다. 상기 함량으로 포함되는 범위에서 시멘트 조성물 또는 콘크리트 조성물의 슬럼프 유지력 및 적절한 공기 연행 능력이 우수한 효과가 있다.The content may further comprise 1 to 20% by weight of the total content of the admixture. In the range included in the content, there is an excellent effect of the slump holding force and the appropriate air entrainment capacity of the cement composition or concrete composition.

보다 구체적으로 알콕시폴리알킬렌글리콜모노(메타)아크릴산 에스테르 단량체, (메타)아크릴산 단량체 및 상기 폴리옥시알킬렌알케닐에테르 설페이트 염을 포함하는 공중합체를 사용할 수 있다.More specifically, a copolymer containing an alkoxypolyalkylene glycol mono (meth) acrylic acid ester monomer, a (meth) acrylic acid monomer and the polyoxyalkylene alkenylether sulfate salt can be used.

상기 공중합체는 GPC(Gel Permeation Chromatography)를 이용하여 측정한 중량평균분자량이 20,000 내지 150,000인 것이 바람직하다. 상기 중량평균분자량을 만족하는 범위에서 초기 분산성이 우수하여 감수율을 향상시키며, 조성물의 슬럼프 유지력을 지속시킬 뿐만 아니라 경화지연을 개선하여 조기에 높은 강도를 갖는 콘크리트 조성물 또는 시멘트모르타르 조성물을 형성할 수 있다.
The copolymer preferably has a weight average molecular weight of 20,000 to 150,000 measured using GPC (Gel Permeation Chromatography). In the range of satisfying the weight average molecular weight is excellent in the initial dispersibility to improve the susceptibility, not only to maintain the slump retention of the composition, but also to improve the curing delay to form a concrete composition or cement mortar composition having a high strength early have.

(5) 열병합발전소 연소재(5) Cogeneration Power Plant Combustor

본 발명은 필요에 따라 무기질 수화촉진을 하기 위하여 열병합발전소 연소재를 더 포함할 수 있다.The present invention may further include a cogeneration plant combustion material in order to promote inorganic hydration as necessary.

상기 열병합발전소 연소재는 이산화규소 10 ~ 20 중량%, 산화알루미늄 1 ~ 15 중량%, 산화철 1 ~ 10 중량%, 산화칼슘 15 ~ 40 중량% 및 산화황 30 ~ 60 중량%를 포함하는 열병합발전소 연소재를 더 포함할 수 있다.The cogeneration plant combustion material includes 10 to 20 wt% of silicon dioxide, 1 to 15 wt% of aluminum oxide, 1 to 10 wt% of iron oxide, 15 to 40 wt% of calcium oxide, and 30 to 60 wt% of sulfur oxide. The material may further include.

보다 구체적으로는 이산화규소 13.83 중량%, 산화알루미늄 7 중량%, 산화철 2.3중량%, 산화칼슘 31.57중량% 및 산화황 45.3 중량%를 포함하는 것을 사용하는 것이 바람직하다. 상기 함량범위의 열병합발전소 연소재를 사용함으로써 수화촉진에 의해 강도가 더욱 향상된다.More specifically, it is preferable to use those containing 13.83% by weight of silicon dioxide, 7% by weight of aluminum oxide, 2.3% by weight of iron oxide, 31.57% by weight of calcium oxide, and 45.3% by weight of sulfur oxide. By using the cogeneration plant combustion material in the above content range, the strength is further improved by hydration promotion.

상기 열병합발전소 연소재는 혼화제 전체 함량 중 1 ~ 20 중량%범위로 포함되는 것이 바람직하다. 상기 함량범위에서 수화를 촉진하여 강도를 증가시키는 효과를 달성할 수 있다.The cogeneration plant combustion material is preferably included in the range of 1 to 20% by weight of the total content of the admixture. It is possible to achieve the effect of increasing the strength by promoting hydration in the content range.

또한, 본 발명의 혼화제에서 이유는 알 수 없느나 상기 탈황석고와 열병합발전소 연소재를 혼합하여 사용하는 경우 조기강도 뿐만 아니라, 균열저감 및 내구성이 증진되는 효과가 매우 향상됨을 알 수 있었다.
In addition, in the admixture of the present invention, the reason is unknown, but when the desulfurized gypsum and the cogeneration plant combustion material are used in combination, it was found that not only the early strength but also the effect of improving the crack reduction and durability is greatly improved.

(6)폴리아민올(6) polyamineol

또한 본 발명은 하기 화학식 1의 폴리아민올을 혼화제 전체 함량 중 0.1 ~ 3 중량% 더 포함함으로써, 조기강도를 더욱 촉진할 수 있다. In addition, the present invention may further promote the early strength by further comprising 0.1 to 3% by weight of the polyamineol of the general formula (1) of the total admixture.

[화학식 1][Formula 1]

Figure 112011089207653-pat00002
Figure 112011089207653-pat00002

(상기 화학식에서, R1과 R2는 각각 독립적으로 H 또는 (CH2)nOH이며, n은 1 ~ 20에서 선택되는 정수이다.)(In the above formula, R 1 and R 2 are each independently H or (CH 2 ) nOH, n is an integer selected from 1 to 20.)

상기 폴리아민올은 식용유 및 식물유로 이루어진 군으로부터 선택된 기름으로부터 합성된 것이 바람직하나 이에 제한되는 것은 아니다.The polyamineol is preferably synthesized from an oil selected from the group consisting of edible oil and vegetable oil, but is not limited thereto.

상기 폴리아민올의 함량은 1 ~ 20 중량%인 범위에서 목적으로 하는 조기강도 및 수화반응을 촉진할 수 있다.The content of the polyamineol may promote the target early strength and hydration in the range of 1 to 20% by weight.

또한, 본 발명은 상기 혼화제를 포함하는 시멘트모르타르 조성물 또는 콘크리트 조성물도 본 발명의 범위에 포함한다. 이때 상기 혼화제는 시멘트모르타르 조성물 또는 콘크리트 조성물 중 1 ~ 30 중량%로 포함할 수 있으며, 이에 제한되는 것은 아니며, 상기 범위에서 목적으로 하는 조기강도, 균열저감 및 내구성을 향상시키는 물성을 만족할 수 있다.In addition, the present invention also includes a cement mortar composition or a concrete composition containing the admixture in the scope of the present invention. In this case, the admixture may include 1 to 30% by weight of the cement mortar composition or the concrete composition, but is not limited thereto, and may satisfy the properties of improving the early strength, crack reduction, and durability desired in the above range.

상기 시멘트모르타르 조성물 또는 콘크리트 조성물은 통상적으로 해당 분야에서 사용되는 조성을 포함할 수 있으므로 본 발명에서 제한되지 않는다.The cement mortar composition or concrete composition is typically not limited in the present invention because it may include a composition used in the art.

또한, 본 발명의 혼화제를 포함하는 시멘트모르타르 조성물 또는 콘크리트 조성물은 전치양생(pre curing), 스팀양생(steam curing), 고온고압양생(autoclave curing)등의 양생방법을 통하여 양생하는 것이 가능하다.In addition, the cement mortar composition or concrete composition including the admixture of the present invention can be cured through curing methods such as pre curing, steam curing, high temperature and high pressure curing.

상기 전치양생(pre curing)은 20 ~ 30℃에서 8 ~ 10시간동안 양생하는 것이며, 상기 스팀양생(steam curing)은 60 ~ 80℃에서 4 ~ 8시간동안 양생하는 것이고, 상기 고온고압양생(autoclave curing)은 160 ~ 200℃에서 4 ~ 8시간동안 양생하는 것이다. 스팀양생 또는 고온고압양생 방법으로 양생을 하는 경우, 조기강도가 우수하여 탈형시간을 줄일 수 있으며, 이에 따라 회수율이 증가하는 장점이 있다.The pre curing is to cure for 8 to 10 hours at 20 to 30 ℃, the steam curing is to cure for 4 to 8 hours at 60 to 80 ℃, the high temperature and high pressure curing (autoclave) curing) is curing for 4-8 hours at 160-200 ℃. When curing by steam curing or high temperature and high pressure curing method, it is excellent in early strength can reduce the demolding time, thereby increasing the recovery rate.

본 발명에 따른 혼화제는 조기강도를 증진시키고, 균열을 저감하며, 내구성이 향상된 시멘트코르타르 또는 콘크리트 조성물을 제조할 수 있다.Admixtures according to the present invention can produce cement cortar or concrete compositions that enhance early strength, reduce cracking, and improve durability.

이하는 본 발명을 보다 구체적으로 설명하기 위하여 구체적인 예를 들어 설명하며, 본 발명은 하기 실시예에 한정되는 것은 아니다.
Hereinafter, specific examples will be described in order to describe the present invention in more detail, and the present invention is not limited to the following examples.

상기 실시예 및 비교예에 따른 구조체의 물성은 하기 표 1에 나타내었다. 물성은 다음과 같이 측정하였다.Physical properties of the structures according to the Examples and Comparative Examples are shown in Table 1 below. Physical properties were measured as follows.

1) 응결시간1) Condensation time

KSF 2436의 측정방법에 따라 측정하였다.It measured according to the measurement method of KSF 2436.

2) 압축강도2) compressive strength

KSF 2405의 측정방법에 따라 측정하였다.It measured according to the measurement method of KSF 2405.

3) 부착강도3) Attachment strength

KS F 4716 「폴리머 시멘트 모르타르의 강도시험 방법」에 준하여 실시하였다.
It carried out according to KS F 4716 "Method for testing the strength of polymer cement mortar".

[실시예 1]Example 1

강도증진용 혼화제(1)의 제조Preparation of strength increasing admixture (1)

고로슬래그 미분말 70 중량%, 무수석고 15 중량% 및 탈황석고 5 중량%를 혼합하였다.70% by weight of blast furnace slag powder, 15% by weight of anhydrous gypsum and 5% by weight of desulfurized gypsum were mixed.

이때 상기 탈황석고는 강열감량(Ig.loss)이 13.41%이며, CaO 60.6 중량%, SiO2 0.5 중량%, Al2O3 0.39 중량%, MgO 3.36중량%, SO3 21.2 중량%, Fe2O3 0.3 중량%, K2O 0.12 중량%, V 0.12 중량%인 것을 사용하였다.
The desulfurized gypsum has a loss of ignition (Ig.loss) of 13.41%, CaO 60.6%, SiO 2 0.5%, Al 2 O 3 0.39%, MgO 3.36%, SO 3 21.2%, Fe 2 O 3 0.3 wt%, K 2 O 0.12 wt%, V 0.12 wt% was used.

시멘트 모르타르 조성물(1)의 제조Preparation of Cement Mortar Composition (1)

포틀랜트 시멘트(성신양회, 포틀랜트 1종) 80 중량%, 실리카퓸 10중량%, 폴리비닐알콜 단섬유(Unitika, Vinylon) 0.5중량% 및 상기 강도증진용 혼화제(1) 9.5 중량%를 혼합하였다.80% by weight of Portland cement (Seongshinhoe, 1 type of Portland), 10% by weight of silica fume, 0.5% by weight of polyvinyl alcohol short fibers (Unitika, Vinylon), and 9.5% by weight of the strength enhancing admixture (1) .

상기 혼합한 혼합물 100 중량부에 대하여, 소포제(BASF, Lumiten2p-3108) 0.3중량부, 중사(1.0㎜~2.0㎜) 25 중량부, 세사(0.1㎜~1.0㎜) 60 중량부, 물 16 중량부를 혼합하여 시멘트 모르타르 조성물을 제조하였다.
0.3 part by weight of antifoaming agent (BASF, Lumiten2p-3108), 25 parts by weight of medium sand (1.0 mm to 2.0 mm), 60 parts by weight of fine thread (0.1 mm to 1.0 mm) and 16 parts by weight of water based on 100 parts by weight of the mixed mixture. Mixing produced a cement mortar composition.

[실시예 2][Example 2]

강도증진용 혼화제(2)의 제조Preparation of strength enhancing admixture (2)

고로슬래그 미분말 60 중량%, 무수석고 15 중량% 및 탈황석고 15 중량%를 혼합하였다.60% by weight of blast furnace slag powder, 15% by weight of anhydrous gypsum and 15% by weight of desulfurized gypsum were mixed.

이때 상기 탈황석고는 강열감량(Ig.loss)이 13.41%이며, CaO 60.6 중량%, SiO2 0.5 중량%, Al2O3 0.39 중량%, MgO 3.36중량%, SO3 21.2 중량%, Fe2O3 0.3 중량%, K2O 0.12 중량%, V 0.12 중량%인 것을 사용하였다.
The desulfurized gypsum has a loss of ignition (Ig.loss) of 13.41%, CaO 60.6%, SiO 2 0.5%, Al 2 O 3 0.39%, MgO 3.36%, SO 3 21.2%, Fe 2 O 3 0.3 wt%, K 2 O 0.12 wt%, V 0.12 wt% was used.

시멘트 모르타르 조성물(2)의 제조Preparation of Cement Mortar Composition (2)

포틀랜트 시멘트(성신양회, 포틀랜트 1종) 80 중량%, 실리카퓸 10중량%, 폴리비닐알콜 단섬유(Unitika, Vinylon) 0.5중량% 및 상기 강도증진용 혼화제(2) 9.5 중량%를 혼합하였다.80% by weight of Portland cement (Seongshinhoe, 1 type of Portland), 10% by weight of silica fume, 0.5% by weight of polyvinyl alcohol short fibers (Unitika, Vinylon), and 9.5% by weight of the strength enhancing admixture (2) .

상기 혼합한 혼합물 100 중량부에 대하여, 소포제(BASF, Lumiten2p-3108) 0.3중량부, 중사(1.0㎜~2.0㎜) 25 중량부, 세사(0.1㎜~1.0㎜) 60 중량부, 물 16 중량부를 혼합하여 시멘트 모르타르 조성물을 제조하였다.
0.3 part by weight of antifoaming agent (BASF, Lumiten2p-3108), 25 parts by weight of medium sand (1.0 mm to 2.0 mm), 60 parts by weight of fine thread (0.1 mm to 1.0 mm) and 16 parts by weight of water based on 100 parts by weight of the mixed mixture. Mixing produced a cement mortar composition.

[실시예 3][Example 3]

강도증진용 혼화제(3)의 제조Preparation of strength increasing admixture (3)

고로슬래그 미분말 35 중량%, 무수석고 15 중량% 및 탈황석고 50 중량%를 혼합하였다.35% by weight of blast furnace slag powder, 15% by weight of anhydrous gypsum and 50% by weight of desulfurized gypsum were mixed.

이때 상기 탈황석고는 강열감량(Ig.loss)이 13.41%이며, CaO 60.6 중량%, SiO2 0.5 중량%, Al2O3 0.39 중량%, MgO 3.36중량%, SO3 21.2 중량%, Fe2O3 0.3 중량%, K2O 0.12 중량%, V 0.12 중량%인 것을 사용하였다.
The desulfurized gypsum has a loss of ignition (Ig.loss) of 13.41%, CaO 60.6%, SiO 2 0.5%, Al 2 O 3 0.39%, MgO 3.36%, SO 3 21.2%, Fe 2 O 3 0.3 wt%, K 2 O 0.12 wt%, V 0.12 wt% was used.

시멘트 모르타르 조성물(3)의 제조Preparation of Cement Mortar Composition (3)

포틀랜트 시멘트(성신양회, 포틀랜트 1종) 80 중량%, 실리카퓸 10중량%, 폴리비닐알콜 단섬유(Unitika, Vinylon) 0.5중량% 및 상기 강도증진용 혼화제(3) 9.5 중량%를 혼합하였다.80% by weight of Portland cement (Seongshinhoe, 1 type of Portland), 10% by weight of silica fume, 0.5% by weight of polyvinyl alcohol short fibers (Unitika, Vinylon), and 9.5% by weight of the strength enhancing admixture (3) were mixed. .

상기 혼합한 혼합물 100 중량부에 대하여, 소포제(BASF, Lumiten2p-3108) 0.3중량부, 중사(1.0㎜~2.0㎜) 25 중량부, 세사(0.1㎜~1.0㎜) 60 중량부, 물 16 중량부를 혼합하여 시멘트 모르타르 조성물을 제조하였다.
0.3 part by weight of antifoaming agent (BASF, Lumiten2p-3108), 25 parts by weight of medium sand (1.0 mm to 2.0 mm), 60 parts by weight of fine thread (0.1 mm to 1.0 mm) and 16 parts by weight of water based on 100 parts by weight of the mixed mixture. Mixing produced a cement mortar composition.

[실시예 4]Example 4

강도증진용 혼화제(4)의 제조Preparation of Strength Enhancer (4)

고로슬래그 미분말 50 중량%, 무수석고 15 중량%, 탈황석고 15 중량% 및 술폭시폴리프로필렌글리콜알릴에테르를 포함하는 공중합체(메톡시폴리에틸렌글리콜모노메타아크릴레이트 : 메타크릴산 : 술폭시폴리에틸렌글리콜알릴에테르를 1 : 0.1 : 0.1 중량비로 중합, 중량평균분자량 20,000) 10 중량%를 혼합하였다.Copolymer comprising blast furnace slag fine powder 50 wt%, anhydrous gypsum 15 wt%, desulfurized gypsum 15 wt% and sulfoxypolypropylene glycol allyl ether (methoxy polyethylene glycol monomethacrylate: methacrylic acid: sulfoxy polyethylene glycol allyl) The ether was polymerized at a weight ratio of 1: 0.1: 0.1, and 10% by weight of the weight average molecular weight 20,000) was mixed.

이때 상기 탈황석고는 강열감량(Ig.loss)이 13.41%이며, CaO 60.6 중량%, SiO2 0.5 중량%, Al2O3 0.39 중량%, MgO 3.36중량%, SO3 21.2 중량%, Fe2O3 0.3 중량%, K2O 0.12 중량%, V 0.12 중량%인 것을 사용하였다.
The desulfurized gypsum has a loss of ignition (Ig.loss) of 13.41%, CaO 60.6%, SiO 2 0.5%, Al 2 O 3 0.39%, MgO 3.36%, SO 3 21.2%, Fe 2 O 3 0.3 wt%, K 2 O 0.12 wt%, V 0.12 wt% was used.

시멘트 모르타르 조성물(4)의 제조Preparation of Cement Mortar Composition (4)

포틀랜트 시멘트(성신양회, 포틀랜트 1종) 80 중량%, 실리카퓸 10중량%, 폴리비닐알콜 단섬유(Unitika, Vinylon) 0.5중량% 및 상기 강도증진용 혼화제(4) 9.5 중량%를 혼합하였다.80% by weight of Portland cement (Seongshinhoe, 1 type of Portland), 10% by weight of silica fume, 0.5% by weight of polyvinyl alcohol short fibers (Unitika, Vinylon), and 9.5% by weight of the strength enhancing admixture (4) were mixed. .

상기 혼합한 혼합물 100 중량부에 대하여, 소포제(BASF, Lumiten2p-3108) 0.3중량부, 중사(1.0㎜~2.0㎜) 25 중량부, 세사(0.1㎜~1.0㎜) 60 중량부, 물 16 중량부를 혼합하여 시멘트 모르타르 조성물을 제조하였다.
0.3 part by weight of antifoaming agent (BASF, Lumiten2p-3108), 25 parts by weight of medium sand (1.0 mm to 2.0 mm), 60 parts by weight of fine thread (0.1 mm to 1.0 mm) and 16 parts by weight of water based on 100 parts by weight of the mixed mixture. Mixing produced a cement mortar composition.

[실시예 5][Example 5]

강도증진용 혼화제(5)의 제조Preparation of strength increasing admixture (5)

고로슬래그 미분말 50 중량%, 무수석고 15 중량%, 탈황석고 15 중량% 및 열병합발전소 연소재 10 중량%를 혼합하였다.50% by weight of blast furnace slag powder, 15% by weight of anhydrous gypsum, 15% by weight of desulfurized gypsum and 10% by weight of cogeneration plant combustion materials were mixed.

이때 상기 탈황석고는 강열감량(Ig.loss)이 13.41%이며, CaO 60.6 중량%, SiO2 0.5 중량%, Al2O3 0.39 중량%, MgO 3.36중량%, SO3 21.2 중량%, Fe2O3 0.3 중량%, K2O 0.12 중량%, V 0.12 중량%인 것을 사용하였다.The desulfurized gypsum has a loss of ignition (Ig.loss) of 13.41%, CaO 60.6%, SiO 2 0.5%, Al 2 O 3 0.39%, MgO 3.36%, SO 3 21.2%, Fe 2 O 3 0.3 wt%, K 2 O 0.12 wt%, V 0.12 wt% was used.

또한, 상기 열병합발전소 연소재는 이산화규소 13.83 중량%, 산화알루미늄 7 중량%, 산화철 2.3중량%, 산화칼슘 31.57중량% 및 산화황 45.3 중량%인 것을 사용하였다.
In addition, the cogeneration plant combustion materials used were 13.83 wt% of silicon dioxide, 7 wt% of aluminum oxide, 2.3 wt% of iron oxide, 31.57 wt% of calcium oxide, and 45.3 wt% of sulfur oxide.

시멘트 모르타르 조성물(5)의 제조Preparation of Cement Mortar Composition (5)

포틀랜트 시멘트(성신양회, 포틀랜트 1종) 80 중량%, 실리카퓸 10중량%, 폴리비닐알콜 단섬유(Unitika, Vinylon) 0.5중량% 및 상기 강도증진용 혼화제(5) 9.5 중량%를 혼합하였다.80% by weight of Portland cement (Seongshinhoe, 1 type of Portland), 10% by weight of silica fume, 0.5% by weight of polyvinyl alcohol short fibers (Unitika, Vinylon), and 9.5% by weight of the strength enhancing admixture (5) were mixed. .

상기 혼합한 혼합물 100 중량부에 대하여, 소포제(BASF, Lumiten2p-3108) 0.3중량부, 중사(1.0㎜~2.0㎜) 25 중량부, 세사(0.1㎜~1.0㎜) 60 중량부, 물 16 중량부를 혼합하여 시멘트 모르타르 조성물을 제조하였다.
0.3 part by weight of antifoaming agent (BASF, Lumiten2p-3108), 25 parts by weight of medium sand (1.0 mm to 2.0 mm), 60 parts by weight of fine thread (0.1 mm to 1.0 mm) and 16 parts by weight of water based on 100 parts by weight of the mixed mixture. Mixing produced a cement mortar composition.

[실시예 6][Example 6]

강도증진용 혼화제(6)의 제조Preparation of strength increasing admixture (6)

고로슬래그 미분말 60 중량%, 무수석고 15 중량%, 탈황석고 23 중량% 및 하기 화학식 1의 폴리아민올 2 중량%를 혼합하였다.60% by weight of blast furnace slag powder, 15% by weight of anhydrous gypsum, 23% by weight of desulfurized gypsum and 2% by weight of polyamineol of the formula (1).

이때 상기 탈황석고는 강열감량(Ig.loss)이 13.41%이며, CaO 60.6 중량%, SiO2 0.5 중량%, Al2O3 0.39 중량%, MgO 3.36중량%, SO3 21.2 중량%, Fe2O3 0.3 중량%, K2O 0.12 중량%, V 0.12 중량%인 것을 사용하였다.The desulfurized gypsum has a loss of ignition (Ig.loss) of 13.41%, CaO 60.6%, SiO 2 0.5%, Al 2 O 3 0.39%, MgO 3.36%, SO 3 21.2%, Fe 2 O 3 0.3 wt%, K 2 O 0.12 wt%, V 0.12 wt% was used.

[화학식 1][Formula 1]

Figure 112011089207653-pat00003
Figure 112011089207653-pat00003

(상기 화학식에서, R1과 R2는 (CH2)2OH이다.)
(In the above formula, R 1 and R 2 is (CH 2 ) 2 OH.)

시멘트 모르타르 조성물(6)의 제조Preparation of Cement Mortar Composition (6)

포틀랜트 시멘트(성신양회, 포틀랜트 1종) 80 중량%, 실리카퓸 10중량%, 폴리비닐알콜 단섬유(Unitika, Vinylon) 0.5중량% 및 상기 강도증진용 혼화제(6) 9.5 중량%를 혼합하였다.80% by weight of Portland cement (Seongshinhoe, 1 type of Portland), 10% by weight of silica fume, 0.5% by weight of polyvinyl alcohol short fibers (Unitika, Vinylon), and 9.5% by weight of the strength enhancing admixture (6) .

상기 혼합한 혼합물 100 중량부에 대하여, 소포제(BASF, Lumiten2p-3108) 0.3중량부, 중사(1.0㎜~2.0㎜) 25 중량부, 세사(0.1㎜~1.0㎜) 60 중량부, 물 16 중량부를 혼합하여 시멘트 모르타르 조성물을 제조하였다.
0.3 part by weight of antifoaming agent (BASF, Lumiten2p-3108), 25 parts by weight of medium sand (1.0 mm to 2.0 mm), 60 parts by weight of fine thread (0.1 mm to 1.0 mm) and 16 parts by weight of water based on 100 parts by weight of the mixed mixture. Mixing produced a cement mortar composition.

[비교예 1]Comparative Example 1

시멘트 모르타르 조성물(7)의 제조Preparation of Cement Mortar Composition (7)

포틀랜트 시멘트(성신양회, 포틀랜트 1종) 89.5 중량%, 실리카퓸 10중량%, 폴리비닐알콜 단섬유(Unitika, Vinylon) 0.5중량%를 혼합하였다.89.5% by weight of Portland cement (Seongshinhoe, 1 type of Portland), 10% by weight of silica fume, and 0.5% by weight of polyvinyl alcohol short fibers (Unitika, Vinylon) were mixed.

상기 혼합한 혼합물 100 중량부에 대하여, 소포제(BASF, Lumiten2p-3108) 0.3중량부, 중사(1.0㎜~2.0㎜) 25 중량부, 세사(0.1㎜~1.0㎜) 60 중량부, 물 16 중량부를 혼합하여 시멘트 모르타르 조성물을 제조하였다.
0.3 part by weight of antifoaming agent (BASF, Lumiten2p-3108), 25 parts by weight of medium sand (1.0 mm to 2.0 mm), 60 parts by weight of fine thread (0.1 mm to 1.0 mm) and 16 parts by weight of water based on 100 parts by weight of the mixed mixture. Mixing produced a cement mortar composition.

상기 실시예 1 ~ 6 및 비교예 1에서 제조한 시멘트 모르타르조성물을 상기 물성측정방법에 의해 물성을 측정하여 하기 표 1에 기재하였다.Physical properties of the cement mortar composition prepared in Examples 1 to 6 and Comparative Example 1 were measured by the property measurement method, and are shown in Table 1 below.

[표 1][Table 1]

Figure 112011089207653-pat00004
Figure 112011089207653-pat00004

상기 표 1에서 보이는 바와 같이, 본 발명의 혼화제를 사용한 실시예 1 ~ 6이, 혼화제를 사용하지 않은 비교예 1에 비하여 초기강도가 매우 향상된 것을 확인하였으며, 응결시간이 단축되고, 부착강도가 증가한 것을 확인하였다.As shown in Table 1, Examples 1 to 6 using the admixture of the present invention was confirmed that the initial strength is significantly improved compared to Comparative Example 1 without using the admixture, the setting time is shortened, the adhesion strength is increased It was confirmed.

Claims (10)

슬래그 미분말 20 ~ 80 중량%, 무수석고 1 ~ 30 중량% 및 강열감량(Ig.loss)이 13~14%이며, CaO 55 ~ 65 중량%, SiO2 0.1 ~ 5 중량%, Al2O3 0.1 ~ 3 중량%, MgO 1 ~ 10 중량%, SO3 15 ~ 40 중량%, Fe2O3 0.1 ~ 3 중량%, K2O 0.01 ~ 0.3 중량%, V 0.01 ~ 0.3 중량%를 포함하는 탈황석고 5 ~ 50 중량%를 포함하는 강도증진용 혼화제.Slag fine powder 20 to 80% by weight, gypsum 1 to 30% by weight and ignition loss (Ig.loss) is 13 to 14%, CaO 55 to 65% by weight, SiO 2 0.1 to 5% by weight, Al 2 O 3 0.1 Desulfurized gypsum comprising ~ 3% by weight, MgO 1-10% by weight, SO 3 15-40% by weight, Fe 2 O 3 0.1-3% by weight, K 2 O 0.01-0.3% by weight, V 0.01-0.3% by weight Strength enhancing admixture comprising 5 to 50% by weight. 삭제delete 제 1항에 있어서,
상기 혼화제는 강도촉진제로 술폭시폴리에틸렌글리콜노닐페닐프로페닐에테르, 술폭시폴리에틸렌글리콜알릴에테르, 술폭시폴리프로필렌글리콜알릴에테르, 술폭시폴리부틸렌글리콜알릴에테르, 술폭시폴리에틸렌글리콜2-부테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리프로필렌글리콜2-부테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리부틸렌글리콜2-부테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리에틸렌글리콜3-부테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리프로필렌글리콜3-부테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리부틸렌글리콜3-부테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리에틸렌글리콜3-펜테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리프로필렌글리콜3-펜테닐에테르, 술폭시폴리부틸렌글리콜3-펜테닐에테르에서 선택되는 어느 하나 또는 둘 이상의 폴리옥시알킬렌알케닐에테르 설페이트 염을 포함하는 공중합체를 1 ~ 20 중량% 더 포함하는 것인 강도증진용 혼화제.
The method of claim 1,
The admixture may be sulfoxypolyethylene glycol nonylphenylpropenyl ether, sulfoxy polyethylene glycol allyl ether, sulfoxy polypropylene glycol allyl ether, sulfoxy polybutylene glycol allyl ether, sulfoxy polyethylene glycol 2-butenyl ether, Sulfoxy polypropylene glycol 2-butenyl ether, sulfoxy polybutylene glycol 2-butenyl ether, sulfoxy polyethylene glycol 3-butenyl ether, sulfoxy polypropylene glycol 3-butenyl ether, sulfoxy polybutylene glycol One or two or more polyoxyalkylenes selected from 3-butenyl ether, sulfoxypolyethylene glycol 3-pentenyl ether, sulfoxy polypropylene glycol 3-pentenyl ether, sulfoxy polybutylene glycol 3-pentenyl ether A strength-improving admixture further comprising 1 to 20% by weight of a copolymer comprising a kenylether sulfate salt.
제 1항에 있어서,
상기 혼화제는 이산화규소 10 ~ 20 중량%, 산화알루미늄 1 ~ 15 중량%, 산화철 1 ~ 10 중량%, 산화칼슘 15 ~ 40 중량% 및 산화황 30 ~ 60 중량%를 포함하는 열병합발전소 연소재를 1 ~ 20 중량% 더 포함하는 것인 강도증진용 혼화제.
The method of claim 1,
The admixture includes a cogeneration plant combustion material including 10 to 20% by weight of silicon dioxide, 1 to 15% by weight of aluminum oxide, 1 to 10% by weight of iron oxide, 15 to 40% by weight of calcium oxide, and 30 to 60% by weight of sulfur oxide. Strength increase admixture that further comprises 20% by weight.
제 1항에 있어서,
상기 혼화제는 하기 화학식 1의 폴리아민올을 1 ~ 20 중량% 더 포함하는 것인 강도증진용 혼화제.
[화학식 1]
Figure 112011089207653-pat00005

(상기 화학식에서, R1과 R2는 각각 독립적으로 H 또는 (CH2)nOH이며, n은 1 ~ 20에서 선택되는 정수이다.)
The method of claim 1,
The admixture is a strength enhancing admixture that further comprises 1 to 20% by weight of polyamineol of the formula (1).
[Formula 1]
Figure 112011089207653-pat00005

(In the above formula, R 1 and R 2 are each independently H or (CH 2 ) nOH, n is an integer selected from 1 to 20.)
제 1항, 제 3항 내지 제 5항에서 선택되는 어느 한 항의 강도증진용 혼화제를 포함하는 콘크리트 조성물.Concrete composition comprising a strength enhancing admixture of any one of claims 1, 3 to 5. 제 6항에 있어서,
상기 강도증진용 혼화제는 0.1 ~ 30 중량%로 포함되는 것인 콘크리트 조성물.
The method according to claim 6,
The strength increasing admixture is to be included in 0.1 to 30% by weight concrete composition.
제 1항, 제 3항 내지 제 5항에서 선택되는 어느 한 항의 강도증진용 혼화제를 포함하는 시멘트모르타르 조성물.Cement mortar composition comprising a strength enhancing admixture of any one of claims 1, 3 to 5. 제 8항에 있어서,
상기 강도증진용 혼화제는 0.1 ~ 30 중량%로 포함되는 것인 시멘트모르타르 조성물.
The method of claim 8,
The strength increase admixture is cement mortar composition is contained in 0.1 to 30% by weight.
제 1항, 제 3항 내지 제 5항에서 선택되는 어느 한 항의 강도증진용 혼화제를 포함하는 콘크리트 조성물 또는 시멘트모르타르 조성물을 이용하여 전치양생(pre curing), 스팀양생(steam curing), 고온고압양생(autoclave curing)에서 선택되는 어느 하나의 방법으로 양생하는 과정을 포함하는 콘크리트 또는 시멘트모르타르의 시공방법.
Pre-cure, steam curing, high temperature and high pressure curing using a concrete composition or cement mortar composition comprising the strength-improving admixture of any one of claims 1, 3 to 5. Construction method of concrete or cement mortar comprising the curing process by any one method selected from (autoclave curing).
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