KR101109605B1 - Method and apparatus for compressing header and transmitting packet in sensor network - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for compressing header and transmitting packet in sensor network Download PDF

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KR101109605B1
KR101109605B1 KR1020070069211A KR20070069211A KR101109605B1 KR 101109605 B1 KR101109605 B1 KR 101109605B1 KR 1020070069211 A KR1020070069211 A KR 1020070069211A KR 20070069211 A KR20070069211 A KR 20070069211A KR 101109605 B1 KR101109605 B1 KR 101109605B1
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South Korea
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adaptation layer
node
sensor node
sensor
packet
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KR1020070069211A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20080093843A (en
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박수홍
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삼성전자주식회사
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Priority to US60/912,539 priority
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Priority to KR1020070069211A priority patent/KR101109605B1/en
Priority to PCT/KR2008/001861 priority patent/WO2008130110A1/en
Publication of KR20080093843A publication Critical patent/KR20080093843A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L29/00Arrangements, apparatus, circuits or systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04L1/00 - H04L27/00
    • H04L29/12Arrangements, apparatus, circuits or systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04L1/00 - H04L27/00 characterised by the data terminal
    • H04L29/12009Arrangements for addressing and naming in data networks
    • H04L29/12792Details
    • H04L29/1283Details about address types
    • H04L29/12915Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) addresses
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L61/00Network arrangements or network protocols for addressing or naming
    • H04L61/60Details
    • H04L61/6018Address types
    • H04L61/6059Internet protocol version 6 [IPv6] addresses
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L69/00Application independent communication protocol aspects or techniques in packet data networks
    • H04L69/04Protocols for data compression
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L69/00Application independent communication protocol aspects or techniques in packet data networks
    • H04L69/16Transmission control protocol/internet protocol [TCP/IP] or user datagram protocol [UDP]
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L69/00Application independent communication protocol aspects or techniques in packet data networks
    • H04L69/16Transmission control protocol/internet protocol [TCP/IP] or user datagram protocol [UDP]
    • H04L69/161Implementation details of TCP/IP or UDP/IP stack architecture; Specification of modified or new header fields
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L69/00Application independent communication protocol aspects or techniques in packet data networks
    • H04L69/16Transmission control protocol/internet protocol [TCP/IP] or user datagram protocol [UDP]
    • H04L69/167Transitional provisions between IPv4 and IPv6
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L69/00Application independent communication protocol aspects or techniques in packet data networks
    • H04L69/22Header parsing or analysis
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W28/00Network traffic or resource management
    • H04W28/02Traffic management, e.g. flow control or congestion control
    • H04W28/06Optimizing the usage of the radio link, e.g. header compression, information sizing, discarding information
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/70Services for machine-to-machine communication [M2M] or machine type communication [MTC]
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W80/00Wireless network protocols or protocol adaptations to wireless operation
    • H04W80/04Network layer protocols, e.g. mobile IP [Internet Protocol]

Abstract

Disclosed are a method and apparatus for header compression and packet forwarding in a sensor network for selecting and processing techniques related to compression of an IP header according to characteristics of each node. By separating the node that supports the adaptation layer function from the one that does not support the packet compression, it is possible to transmit the data in a form suitable for the sensor node that receives the data from the node that transmits the data. There is an effect to make this possible.

Description

Method and apparatus for compressing header and transmitting packet in sensor network

TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to wireless communications, and more particularly, to header compression and forwarding techniques in sensor networks.

The sensor network is called the USN (Ubiquitous Sensor Network) in Korea, and the name is called the Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) in overseas. These sensor networks are spreading worldwide. In recent years, ZigBee has standardized higher network technologies based on the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.15.4 technology. In particular, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) has adopted the headers of 40 bytes of IPv6. 4 Header compression technology for reducing in the WPAN (Wireless Personal Area Network) section has been studied.

IPv6 header compression techniques over IEEE 802.15.4 are described in "http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-6lowpan-format-13.txt".

However, this new standard header compression technique is difficult for sensor network nodes, which are characterized by low power and low capacity, to perform the tasks required for compression.

An object of the present invention is to provide a method and apparatus for header compression and packet forwarding in a sensor network for selecting and processing techniques related to compression of an IP header according to characteristics of each node.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a computer readable recording medium having recorded thereon a program for executing the method of header compression and packet delivery in the sensor network on a computer.

The method for header compression and packet forwarding in a sensor network for achieving the technical problem includes a query message inquiring whether a sensor node in a sensor network supports an adaptation layer function, and the sensor at another node in the sensor network. Transmitting to the node; Receiving, by the other node, an answer message to the inquiry message transmitted from the sensor node using a function of a lower layer used by the sensor node; Analyzing the answer message at the other node to determine whether the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function; If the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function, compressing an IP header at the other node and transmitting a packet to the sensor node; And if the sensor node does not support the adaptation layer function, transmitting the packet to the sensor node while leaving the IP header as it is in the other node.

The adaptation layer is preferably an IEEE 802.15.4 ZigBee adaptation layer.

The lower layer used by the sensor node is preferably an IEEE 802.15.4 MAC layer.

The transmitting of the query message from the other node to the sensor node may include designating one of the reserved values in the Command Type field of the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC frame as an adaptation layer capability request type. ; And setting, by the other node, a value corresponding to the Adaptation Layer Capability Request Type in the Command Type field of the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC frame included in the query message.

The determining of whether the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function may include: when a value corresponding to an adaptation layer capability acknowledgment type is set in a command type field of an IEEE 802.15.4 MAC frame included in the response message, the sensor And determining that the node supports the adaptation layer function.

The determining of whether the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function may include: when a value corresponding to an adaptation layer capability reject type is set in a command type field of an IEEE 802.15.4 MAC frame included in the response message, the sensor And determining that the node does not support the adaptation layer function.

The header compression and packet forwarding apparatus in the sensor network for achieving the technical problem, transmits an inquiry message for transmitting a query message to the sensor node whether the sensor node in the sensor network supports the adaptation layer (Adaptation Layer) function part; An answer message receiver configured to receive an answer message to the inquiry message transmitted from the sensor node using a function of a lower layer used by the sensor node; A determination unit for analyzing the response message to determine whether the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function; A header compression unit for compressing an IP header in a packet when the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function, and leaving the IP header in the packet as it is when the sensor node does not support the adaptation layer function; And a packet transmitter for transmitting the packet to the sensor node.

The inquiry message transmitting unit designates one of the reserved values in the Command Type field of the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC frame as an Adaptation Layer Capability Request Type, and the command type of the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC frame included in the inquiry message. It is preferable to set a value corresponding to the Adaptation Layer Capability Request Type in the field.

If the value corresponding to the Adaptation Layer Capability Acknowledgement Type is set in the Command Type field of the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC frame included in the reply message, the determination unit may determine that the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function. Do.

The determination unit, when the value corresponding to the Adaptation Layer Capability Reject Type is set in the Command Type field of the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC frame included in the response message, it is determined that the sensor node does not support the adaptation layer function. desirable.

Data transmitted between most sensor nodes is generally very small. Therefore, when these values are transmitted through IP, it is more efficient to transmit them by fragmenting several packets instead of having an adaptation layer that performs header compression.

According to the method and apparatus for header compression and packet forwarding in a sensor network according to the present invention, data is received by a node transmitting data by separating a node supporting an adaptation layer function from a node not supporting and differently compressing packets. It is possible to transmit data in a form suitable for the sensor node to be effective, it is effective to enable efficient packet delivery.

Hereinafter, a method and apparatus for header compression and packet forwarding in a sensor network according to the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

1 is a diagram illustrating a network layer of IEEE 802.15.4 ZigBee.

Referring to FIG. 1, the 802.15.4 network layer further has an adaptation layer 10 in addition to the general OSI 7 layer. The 802.15.4 adaptation layer 10 includes an IPv6 layer and 802.15.4. Located between the MAC layers to compress the IPv6 header.

The 802.15.4 adaptation layer is currently being standardized in the 6LoWPAN (IPv6 over Low power WPAN) working group in the IETF.

2 is a diagram illustrating header compression performed in an 802.15.4 adaptation layer.

At the bottom of FIG. 2, 40 bytes of IPv6 header 40 are shown. Above the figure, the header compressed by the 802.15.4 adaptation layer is shown.

The 802.15.4 adaptation layer compresses 40 bytes of IPv6 headers to produce a new 8-bit header 20. Not all fields of IPv6 are compressed, and the uncompressed fields 30 are added after the new compressed header 20. For example, the Hop Limit field in the IPv6 header is not compressed. The Hop Limit field has a length of 8 bits and indicates the maximum number of hops to which an IP packet can be delivered.

3 is a diagram illustrating a network environment to which 802.15.4 header compression and packet forwarding are applied.

802.15.4 Node A 50 detects the contents of the 40-byte header portion of the IPv6 packets generated at the IPv6 layer. Compresses 40 bytes of IPv6 headers into 8 bits of headers as defined by the IETF 6LoWPAN Working Group. However, the 8-bit Hop Limit field is not compressed.

The newly generated 8-bit header is transferred to the lower layer 802.15.4 MAC layer through the adaptation layer. The data is sent to another node via the 802.15.4 PHY medium.

Hereinafter, a case in which the packet is delivered to the Node B 60 will be described.

Receiving the packet, Node B 60 decodes the value of the 8-bit header in the adaptation layer. This reassembles the 40-byte IPv6 header created at the original node A (50). At this time, the values of upper layers of the IPv6 layer (ie, TCP / UDP) are also compressed into 8-bit headers, and thus they must be reassembled. In addition, since the value of the 8-bit Hop Limit field of the IPv6 header is transmitted without being compressed, the original IPv6 header is reassembled by being included in the IPv6 header as it is.

The reassembled header is passed to the IPv6 layer of Node B 60.

Due to the nature of the sensor network, the characteristics of the medium to be transmitted between nodes are very limited. Since a large capacity cannot be provided due to a propagation characteristic in a radio section, it is inefficient to include a 40-byte header every time data is transmitted in such an environment. Therefore, the IETF provides a way to compress IPv6 headers by creating an adaptation layer. However, through the adaptation layer, the 40-byte IPv6 header is compressed into a new 8-bit header, and the node that receives it must process the reassembly of the IPv6 header using the 8-bit compressed header information. This process places a heavy burden on the sensor node. In some cases, compressing an IPv6 header may be inefficient compared to the case of directly delivering a packet without compressing the IPv6 header.

In particular, performing such header compression in an environment such as 802.15.4 may be possible in a full function device (FFD), but may not be possible in a reduced function device (RFD). Since the RFD has a very limited function, the header may or may not be able to perform header compression depending on resource conditions even if the adaptation layer is not provided. Even in the case of the FFD, if the adaptation layer is not provided, header compression cannot be performed. If a node does not have an adaptation layer or does not perform header compression even if it has an adaptation layer, the node does not support the adaptation layer function.

Therefore, not all nodes support the adaptation layer function. In order to transmit a packet from the node supporting the adaptation layer function to the nodes in the sensor network, the packet is transmitted to a node supporting the adaptation layer function and the packet forwarding to a node not supporting the adaptation layer function. Therefore, the method of fragmenting into multiple packets should be applied according to the characteristics of the link.

Referring to FIG. 3, a process of delivering a packet from node A 50 to node B 60, node C 70, and node D 80 is shown.

Node B 60 is an FFD and is a device that supports the adaptation layer function. In this case, the node A 50 compresses an IPv6 header by using an adaptation layer function and transmits a packet including the compressed header to the node B 60 (90).

Node C 70 is an RFD and is a node that lacks resources to handle the adaptation layer function. In this case, the node A 50 does not compress the IPv6 header, but fragments and transmits the packet according to the characteristics of the radio link (92).

Node D 80 is an FFD but does not have an adaptation layer. In this case, the node A 50 does not compress the IPv6 header, but fragments and transmits the packet according to the characteristics of the radio link (95).

An object of the present invention, through the underlying technology (eg 802.15.4) used by the sensor node to provide a function for informing each node whether the nodes provide the upper adaptation layer (Adaptation layer) function, When communicating with nodes that do not have FFD and RFD communication and adaptation layer or are difficult to handle, IPv6 header is provided as it is. The header compression function is provided at IP layer not only for IPv6 but also for IPv4. When the functions required in connection with the sensor node are included in the sensor node, the main purpose is to provide an optimization of communication by allowing each node to discriminate whether or not it can handle it.

In the present invention, whether or not the corresponding node supports the adaptation layer function when communicating between nodes in the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC. It also provides the ability to tell whether or not it has an adaptator but is capable of handling it.

In an embodiment of the present invention, a reserved area of a MAC command frame may be extended and used. In addition, whether the support of the adaptation layer is supported through the expansion of the area possible for the existing frames may be indicated in the form of a flag.

Sensor nodes establish a connection to communicate with their surrounding nodes. In case of 802.15.4, in case of star topology, it is connected with PAN Coordinator. Even in peer-to-peer communication, connections between nodes are established.

After connecting between the nodes, the nodes communicate with each other to determine whether the node includes the Adaptation Layer function or the environment that includes the Adaptation Layer function but is not suitable for processing the Adaptation function.

In the case of 802.15.4 MAC Command Frame, it is possible to determine whether the Adaptation function is supported through communication between nodes with a new Adaptation Layer Capability Frame. In addition, the field available for the existing frames may be extended to indicate whether or not the support is supported by providing an adaptation layer capability flag.

When data is transmitted to a node supporting the adaptation layer function, the packet is transmitted by compressing a 40-byte header of IPv6.

Nodes that do not contain an adaptation layer or that are included but are not currently suitable for use will receive the data packet with the IPv6 header uncompressed. At this time, if necessary, it is divided into several packets and transmitted.

4 is a block diagram showing the configuration of a header compression and packet forwarding apparatus 200 according to an embodiment of the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 4, the header compression and packet delivery apparatus 200 according to the present invention includes a query message transmitter 210, a response message receiver 220, a determination unit 230, a header compression unit 240, and a packet transmission. It is preferable to include the portion 250.

5 is a diagram illustrating a process of performing header compression and packet forwarding from the node A 300 including the header compression and packet delivery apparatus 200 to the sensor node 400 according to an embodiment of the present invention.

First, the inquiry message transmitter 210 transmits an inquiry message to the sensor node 400 (S100). The inquiry message is a message for inquiring whether the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function. The format of the inquiry message will be described in more detail with reference to FIGS. 6 and 7.

The sensor node 400 transmits an answer message to the inquiry message (S110). The sensor node transmits a response message by using a function of a lower layer. The lower layer used by the sensor node may be an IEEE 802.15.4 MAC layer. In this case, the format of the response message will be described in more detail with reference to FIGS. 6 and 7.

The response message receiver 220 of the node A 300 receives the response message transmitted by the sensor node.

The determination unit 230 analyzes the response message to determine whether the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function (S120).

If it is determined that the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function, the header compression unit 240 performs header compression (S130). If the sensor node does not support the adaptation layer function, the header compression unit 240 does not compress the IP header in the packet.

The packet transmitter 250 transmits the packet to the sensor node 400 (S140).

6 is a diagram illustrating a message format used in an 802.15.4 MAC layer according to the present invention.

 Referring to FIG. 6, a message of an 802.15.4 MAC layer includes a MAC header 100, a MAC payload 110, and a MAC footer 120.

The MAC header 100 includes frame control, sequence number, addressing fields, and the like.

The MAC payload 110 includes a command type field 130 and a MAC command payload.

The MAC footer 120 includes a frame check sequence (FCS) and the like.

7 illustrates the format of the Command Type field 130 of the MAC command frame according to the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 7, the Command Type field 130 of the MAC command frame includes a command identifier indicating a command type. For example, if the value of the command type field 130 is 1, the MAC command type is Association Request.

In the present invention, three command types of Adaptation Layer Capability Request, Adaptation Layer Capability Acknowledgement, and Adaptation Layer Capability Reject are selected by selecting three of the reserved values of the Command Type field 130.

For example, 100 may be designated as an Adaptation Layer Capability Request, 101 may be designated as an Adaptation Layer Capability Acknowledgement, and 102 may be designated as an Adaptation Layer Capability Reject. The designation of such a value is not limited to the above example, and any value can be selected as long as one of the reserved values is selected.

The inquiry message transmitter 210 sets a value corresponding to an adaptation layer capability request in the command type field 130. The sensor node 400 interprets the Command Type field 130 included in the MAC payload 110 and recognizes that the received message is an inquiry message if the value corresponds to an Adaptation Layer Capability Request.

In this case, the sensor node sets and transmits a value corresponding to Adaptation Layer Capability Acknowledgement or a value corresponding to Adaptation Layer Capability Reject in the command type field 130 of the response message according to whether the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function.

If the sensor node has an adaptation layer and has sufficient resources to perform the adaptation layer function, a value corresponding to the adaptation layer capability acknowledgment indicating the adaptation layer function is set.

If the sensor node does not have an adaptation layer or does not have sufficient resources to perform the adaptation layer function, a value corresponding to the adaptation layer capability reject indicating that the sensor node does not support the adaptation layer function is set.

According to an embodiment, by not responding to the inquiry message of the node A 300, it is possible to indicate that the sensor node 400 does not support the adaptation layer function. In this case, when the node A 300 does not receive a response message until a predetermined time elapses, the node A 300 determines that the sensor node 400 does not support the adaptation layer function, and does not perform header compression, but does not perform the original IPv6. The packet containing all the headers is delivered to the sensor node.

The present invention can be embodied as code that can be read by a computer (including all devices having an information processing function) in a computer-readable recording medium. The computer-readable recording medium includes all kinds of recording devices in which data that can be read by a computer system is stored. Examples of computer-readable recording devices include ROM, RAM, CD-ROM, magnetic tape, floppy disks, optical data storage devices, and the like.

Although the foregoing description has been focused on the novel features of the invention as applied to various embodiments, those skilled in the art will appreciate that the apparatus and method described above without departing from the scope of the invention. It will be understood that various deletions, substitutions, and changes in form and detail of the invention are possible. Accordingly, the scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims rather than in the foregoing description. All modifications within the scope of equivalents of the claims are to be embraced within the scope of the present invention.

1 is a diagram illustrating a network layer of IEEE 802.15.4 ZigBee.

2 is a diagram illustrating header compression performed in an 802.15.4 adaptation layer.

3 is a diagram illustrating a network environment to which 802.15.4 header compression and packet forwarding are applied.

4 is a block diagram showing the configuration of a header compression and packet forwarding apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.

5 is a diagram illustrating a process of performing header compression and packet forwarding from a node including a header compression and packet forwarding apparatus to a sensor node according to an embodiment of the present invention.

6 is a diagram illustrating a message format used in an 802.15.4 MAC layer according to the present invention.

7 illustrates the format of a Command Type field of a MAC command frame according to the present invention.

Claims (13)

  1. Transmitting an inquiry message from another node in the sensor network to the sensor node inquiring whether the sensor node in the sensor network supports an adaptation layer function;
    Receiving, by the other node, an answer message to the inquiry message transmitted from the sensor node through communication of a MAC layer used by the sensor node;
    Analyzing the answer message at the other node to determine whether the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function;
    If the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function, compressing an IP header at the other node and transmitting a packet to the sensor node; And
    If the sensor node does not support the adaptation layer function, transmitting the packet to the sensor node while leaving the IP header intact by the other node,
    The adaptation layer function is a header compression and packet forwarding method in a sensor network, characterized in that the function to compress the IP header.
  2. The method of claim 1, wherein the adaptation layer is an IEEE 802.15.4 ZigBee adaptation layer.
  3. The method of claim 1, wherein the MAC layer used by the sensor node is an IEEE 802.15.4 MAC layer.
  4. The method of claim 1, wherein the transmitting of the query message from the other node to the sensor node comprises:
    Designating, by the other node, one of the reserved values in the Command Type field of the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC frame as an Adaptation Layer Capability Request Type; And
    And setting, at the other node, a value corresponding to the adaptation layer capability request type in a command type field of an IEEE 802.15.4 MAC frame included in the inquiry message. Delivery method.
  5. 5. The method of claim 4,
    Determining whether the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function,
    Determining that the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function when a value corresponding to an adaptation layer capability acknowledgment type is set in a command type field of an IEEE 802.15.4 MAC frame included in the answer message. Header compression and packet forwarding method in a sensor network.
  6. 5. The method of claim 4,
    Determining whether the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function,
    And determining that the sensor node does not support the adaptation layer function when a value corresponding to an adaptation layer capability reject type is set in a command type field of an IEEE 802.15.4 MAC frame included in the response message. A header compression and packet forwarding method in a sensor network.
  7. An inquiry message transmission unit for transmitting an inquiry message to the sensor node inquiring whether a sensor node in a sensor network supports an adaptation layer function;
    An answer message receiver configured to receive an answer message to the inquiry message transmitted from the sensor node through communication of a MAC layer used by the sensor node;
    A determination unit for analyzing the response message to determine whether the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function;
    A header compression unit for compressing an IP header in a packet when the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function, and leaving the IP header in the packet as it is when the sensor node does not support the adaptation layer function; And
    Including a packet transmission unit for transmitting the packet to the sensor node,
    The adaptation layer function is a header compression and packet forwarding device in a sensor network, characterized in that the function to compress the IP header.
  8. 8. The apparatus of claim 7, wherein the adaptation layer is an IEEE 802.15.4 ZigBee adaptation layer.
  9. 8. The apparatus of claim 7, wherein the MAC layer used by the sensor node is an IEEE 802.15.4 MAC layer.
  10. The method of claim 7, wherein the inquiry message transmission unit,
    Designate one of the reserved values in the Command Type field of the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC frame as the Adaptation Layer Capability Request Type, and in the Command Type field of the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC frame included in the inquiry message, the Adaptation Layer Capability Header compression and packet forwarding apparatus in the sensor network, characterized in that for setting the value corresponding to the Request Type.
  11. The method of claim 10, wherein the determination unit,
    The sensor network, if the value corresponding to the Adaptation Layer Capability Acknowledgement Type is set in the Command Type field of the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC frame included in the response message, it is determined that the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function Header compression and packet forwarding in.
  12. The method of claim 10, wherein the determination unit,
    Sensor, characterized in that the sensor node does not support the adaptation layer function when the value corresponding to the Adaptation Layer Capability Reject Type is set in the Command Type field of the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC frame included in the response message Header compression and packet forwarding device in the network.
  13. A computer-readable recording medium having recorded thereon a program for executing a header compression and packet forwarding method in a sensor network on a computer,
    The header compression and packet forwarding method,
    Transmitting an inquiry message from another node in the sensor network to the sensor node inquiring whether a sensor node in the sensor network supports an adaptation layer function;
    Receiving, by the other node, an answer message to the inquiry message transmitted from the sensor node through communication of a MAC layer used by the sensor node;
    Analyzing the answer message at the other node to determine whether the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function;
    If the sensor node supports the adaptation layer function, compressing an IP header at the other node and transmitting a packet to the sensor node; And
    If the sensor node does not support the adaptation layer function, transmitting the packet to the sensor node while leaving the IP header intact by the other node,
    And the adaptation layer function is a function of compressing an IP header.
KR1020070069211A 2007-04-18 2007-07-10 Method and apparatus for compressing header and transmitting packet in sensor network KR101109605B1 (en)

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US91253907P true 2007-04-18 2007-04-18
US60/912,539 2007-04-18
KR1020070069211A KR101109605B1 (en) 2007-04-18 2007-07-10 Method and apparatus for compressing header and transmitting packet in sensor network
PCT/KR2008/001861 WO2008130110A1 (en) 2007-04-18 2008-04-03 Header compression and packet transmission method in sensor network and apparatus therefor

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KR1020070069211A KR101109605B1 (en) 2007-04-18 2007-07-10 Method and apparatus for compressing header and transmitting packet in sensor network
PCT/KR2008/001861 WO2008130110A1 (en) 2007-04-18 2008-04-03 Header compression and packet transmission method in sensor network and apparatus therefor
EP08741111.2A EP2137845A4 (en) 2007-04-18 2008-04-03 Header compression and packet transmission method in sensor network and apparatus therefor
US12/104,748 US8149816B2 (en) 2007-04-18 2008-04-17 Header compression and packet transmission method in sensor network and apparatus therefor

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