KR101107884B1 - Automotive dynamoelectric machine - Google Patents

Automotive dynamoelectric machine Download PDF

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KR101107884B1
KR101107884B1 KR1020100036805A KR20100036805A KR101107884B1 KR 101107884 B1 KR101107884 B1 KR 101107884B1 KR 1020100036805 A KR1020100036805 A KR 1020100036805A KR 20100036805 A KR20100036805 A KR 20100036805A KR 101107884 B1 KR101107884 B1 KR 101107884B1
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South Korea
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slot
winding
circumferential
coil
phase
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KR1020100036805A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20110066066A (en
Inventor
카즈노리 타나카
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미쓰비시덴키 가부시키가이샤
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Priority to JP2009280456A priority Critical patent/JP5089677B2/en
Priority to JPJP-P-2009-280456 priority
Application filed by 미쓰비시덴키 가부시키가이샤 filed Critical 미쓰비시덴키 가부시키가이샤
Publication of KR20110066066A publication Critical patent/KR20110066066A/en
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Abstract

The present invention provides a rotating electric machine for a vehicle having a stator capable of suppressing an increase in electrical resistance and copper loss of a winding and suppressing excessive temperature rise in the coil end portion on the outer circumference side.
Each of the phase windings extends in the axial direction from the slot 21c, and then extends in the circumferential direction so that the conductor wire 30 is inserted into the slot 21c spaced six slots apart. 1a to f phase distribution windings 232 to 281 wound around the inner circumferential side and axially extended from the slot 21c, and then extend in the circumferential direction to enter the slot 21c spaced six slots apart. The conductor wire 30 is divided into two divided into second phase-f phase distribution windings 232 to 282 formed by being wound around the outer peripheral side of each slot 21c of the same slot group. The axial length of the coil end portions of the first-phase f-phase distribution windings 231-281 is shorter than the axial length of the second phase-f-phase distribution windings 232-282.

Description

Automotive electric rotary machines {AUTOMOTIVE DYNAMOELECTRIC MACHINE}

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a rotary electric machine for a vehicle, such as an automotive alternator.

The stator of a conventional automotive alternator includes a cylindrical stator iron core arranged in the circumferential direction such that a plurality of slots are opened to the inner circumferential side, and a plurality of windings wound around each of the slot groups consisting of slots for each predetermined number of slots. A stator winding is provided, and each winding is comprised by winding the winding unit produced by winding the conductor wire a predetermined number of times around the cylindrical stator core (see Patent Document 1, for example).

Here, a method of winding the stator windings in the stator of the conventional automotive alternator will be described.

First, a 1st winding unit is produced by winding the conductor wire of a circular cross section predetermined number in ring shape, and then winding a predetermined number of times in ring shape to produce a 2nd winding unit. Subsequently, the first and second winding units are bent, so that the linear slot storage portions are arranged at predetermined slot pitches in the circumferential direction by roughly matching the longitudinal direction in the radial direction, and end portions of adjacent slot storage portions spaced apart from the predetermined slot pitches. First and second molded winding units having star shaped patterns alternately connected to the inner circumferential side and the outer circumferential side by a U-shaped coil end are manufactured.

Subsequently, the first and second parts are folded back at a portion of the conductor wires connecting the first and second shaping winding units, and the coil ends of the shaping patterns of the first and second shaping winding units face each other in the radial direction. The molded winding unit is overlapped to produce a molded winding unit.

Subsequently, the bundle of the slot accommodating portions of the molded winding unit is plastically deformed in a flat cross section by a pressure molding machine. Subsequently, the shaping winding unit is deformed to produce a cylindrical distribution winding unit in which the slot receiving portions are arranged in the circumferential direction with the slot accommodating parts parallel to each other.

Subsequently, the coil end group is bent at approximately right angles so that the coil end group on one side of the distribution winding unit faces radially inward, and the radially inward portion of the coil end group constitutes the same slot group. The distribution winding unit is moved axially so as to pass through the opening. Then, the distribution winding unit is moved in the axial direction until a portion of the coil end group that faces inward in the radial direction passes through each of the openings in the slot, and stores the slot accommodating portion in each slot constituting the same slot group. Subsequently, the coil end group is bent at a right angle so that the bent coil end group faces the axial outward, and one phase winding is wound around one slot group for mounting.

In addition, similarly, one phase winding is wound around and mounted in each slot group comprised of slots for every predetermined number of slots. Then, a plurality of wound wound phase winding is connected by AC to produce a stator winding.

Patent Document 1: Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2003-88021

However, in the stator of the conventional automotive alternator, since the winding wound around each slot group is configured by a single distribution winding unit, the distribution winding unit is moved in the axial direction of the stator core to move the slot accommodating portion into the slot of the stator core. In order to be inserted in the core, the axial length of the coil end group needs to be longer than the slot depth. Therefore, there is a disadvantage that the length of the conductor wire constituting the winding is long, the electrical resistance of the winding is large, and the copper loss is increased.

In addition, the coil end group is cooled by the cooling wind flowing outward from the radial direction due to the rotation of the rotor. However, since the axial length of each coil end is substantially equivalent, there exists also the inadequate that the coil end of a radial direction outer side is not exposed to cooling wind, and excessively rises in temperature.

The present invention has been made to solve the above-mentioned problems, and divided phase windings wound around each slot group into two winding units, and the two winding units are divided and wound around the outer circumferential side and the inner circumferential side in the slot of the stator core. By shortening the length of the conductor wire constituting the winding unit wound on the inner circumference side, it is possible to suppress an increase in the electrical resistance and the copper loss of the winding and to suppress an excessive temperature rise of the winding unit on the outer circumference side. An object of the present invention is to obtain a rotating electric machine for a vehicle having a stator.

The rotating electric machine for a vehicle according to the present invention includes a rotor rotatably supported by a bracket, a ring-shaped core back portion, a teeth portion extending in a radial direction from the corresponding core back portion and arranged at a predetermined pitch in the circumferential direction, respectively, the neighboring portion. A plurality of images wound around each of the slot group consisting of a slotted iron core having a slot partitioned by a corresponding tooth portion, and a sunshade portion extending from the tip of the tooth portion to both sides in the circumferential direction, and a slot for each predetermined number of slots. It has a stator winding made of a winding, and has a stator supported on the bracket to surround the rotor.

Each of the phase windings extends in the axial direction from the slot and is wound around the inner circumferential side of each slot of the same slot group so as to extend in the circumferential direction and enter the slot away from the predetermined number of slots. A first split winding configured to extend in the axial direction from the slot, and then wound in the outer peripheral side of each slot of the same slot group so as to extend in the circumferential direction and enter the slot away from the predetermined number of slots It is divided into second split windings.

The conductor wire has a linear slot accommodating portion accommodated in the slot and a U-shaped coil end portion connecting end portions of adjacent slot accommodating portions in the circumferential direction, and the shaft of the coil end portion of the first divided winding. The directional length is shorter than the axial length of the second split winding.

According to the present invention, the axial length of the coil end portion of the first divided winding formed by being wound around the inner circumferential side of the slot is shorter than the axial length of the coil end portion of the second divided winding formed by being wound around the outer circumferential side of the slot. Therefore, the length of the conductor wire constituting the phase winding is shortened, and the increase in electrical resistance and copper loss of the winding is suppressed. Moreover, the coil end part of the 2nd division winding wound and attached to the outer peripheral side of a slot is exposed to cooling wind, and excessive temperature rise is suppressed.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The longitudinal cross-sectional view which shows the automotive alternator which concerns on Embodiment 1 of this invention.
2 is a perspective view showing a stator iron core in an automotive alternator according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention.
3 is a schematic diagram illustrating a state in which a stator winding is wound in a vehicular alternator according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention.
4 is a schematic diagram illustrating a state in which a stator winding is wound in a vehicular alternator according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a perspective view illustrating a configuration of a phase winding constituting a stator winding in the vehicular alternator according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention. FIG.
6 is a cross-sectional view of an essential part illustrating a wound state of a phase winding constituting a stator winding in the vehicular alternator according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention.
7 is an electric circuit diagram of an on-vehicle alternator according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention.
FIG. 8 is a view for explaining a method of forming a molded distribution winding unit constituting a stator winding in the vehicular alternator according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention. FIG.
FIG. 9 is a view for explaining a method of winding a distribution winding unit in a stator iron core in a vehicular alternator according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention; FIG.
Fig. 10 is a sectional view for explaining a method of winding a distribution winding unit in a stator iron core in a vehicular alternator according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a sectional view showing a process of winding a distribution winding unit in a stator iron core in a vehicular alternator according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a sectional view of the stator of the vehicular alternator according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention.

EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION Hereinafter, preferred embodiment of the stator of the vehicular rotary electric machine by this invention is demonstrated using drawing.

Embodiment 1.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The longitudinal cross-sectional view which shows the vehicle alternator which concerns on Embodiment 1 of this invention, and FIG. 2 is a perspective view which shows the stator iron core in the vehicle alternator which concerns on Embodiment 1 of this invention. It is a schematic diagram explaining the state in which the stator winding is wound and mounted in the vehicular alternator according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention, and the front end of the tooth portion of the stator iron core is seen from the radially inner side. It is a schematic diagram explaining the state in which the stator winding is wound and mounted in the vehicular alternator according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention, and is a view of one end face in the axial direction of the stator iron core as seen from the outer side in the axial direction. FIG. 5 is a perspective view illustrating the configuration of a phase winding constituting a stator winding in the vehicular alternator according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention, and FIG. 6 is a stator in the vehicular alternator according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention. Sectional drawing of the principal part which demonstrates the winding-up state of the a phase winding which comprises a winding, and FIG. 7 is an electrical circuit diagram of the vehicular alternator which concerns on Embodiment 1 of this invention. 3 and 4, reference numerals 1 to 16, 71 and 72 denote slot numbers.

In Fig. 1, a vehicular alternator 1 as a vehicular rotary electric machine is provided with a housing 4 made of a substantially main-shaped aluminum front bracket 2 and a rear bracket 3, respectively. A shaft 6 freely rotatably supported through bearings 5a and 5b, a pulley 7 fixed to an end of the shaft 6 extending toward the front side of the housing 4, and fixed to the shaft 6 The rotor 8 disposed in the housing 4, the stator 20 fixed to the housing 4 so as to surround the rotor 8, and fixed to the rear side of the shaft 6, and the rotor 8. 1) a pair of slip rings 12 for supplying current, a pair of brushes 13 slid on the surface of each slip ring 12, and a brush holder 14 for receiving these brushes 13 And a rectifier 15 which is electrically connected to the stator 20 and converts the alternating current generated by the stator 20 into a direct current, and the brush holder 14, and is fixed. And a voltage regulator 16 for adjusting the magnitude of alternating voltage generated in (20).

The rotor 8 is provided so as to cover the field coil 9 and the field coil 9 which generate magnetic flux by the excitation current flow, and the pole core 10 with which magnetic pole is formed by the magnetic flux, and the pole core. The shaft 6 is provided with the shaft 6 mounted at the axial center position of the shaft 10. The fan 11 is fixed to both end surfaces in the axial direction of the pole core 10 by welding or the like.

The stator 20 is pinched on both sides of the front bracket 2 and the rear bracket 3 in the axial direction, and ensures a uniform gap between the outer peripheral surface of the pole core 10 of the rotor 8 and the pole. A stator iron core 21 attached to surround the core 10 and a stator winding 22 wound around the stator iron core 21 are provided. '

Next, the structure of the stator 20 will be described.

As shown in FIG. 2, the stator iron core 21 extends radially inward from the inner circumferential surface of the ring-shaped core back portion 21a and the core back portion 21a, respectively, and is equiangular in the circumferential direction. 21 d which is divided by the tooth part 21b arrange | positioned by the core part 21a and the slot part 21b which adjoins the neighboring tooth part 21b, and the awning part 21d extended in the circumferential direction both sides from the front-end | tip part of the tooth part 21b. Has And the tooth part 21b is produced in the shape of a thin tip whose circumferential width becomes narrow gradually toward radial inside, respectively, and the slot 21c is formed in the cross section square.

The stator iron core 21 is, for example, a predetermined stack of ring-shaped iron core pieces produced by punching thin plates of a magnetic steel sheet, and the laminated predetermined core pieces are integrally formed by welding to form a cylindrical shape. Iron core. In addition, in FIG. 2, the welding part 19 which integrated the iron core piece is formed in multiple numbers by the predetermined pitch in the circumferential direction. Each of the weld portions 19 is formed on the outer circumferential surface of the stator iron core 21 so as to extend from one end to the other end in the axial direction.

Here, the number of pole-shaped magnetic poles of the pole core 10 of the rotor 8 is 12, and the number of slots 21c is 72. That is, the slot 21c is formed in the ratio of 2 per phase for every pole. Further, slot numbers 1, 7, 13,... , The slot group consisting of the slot number 21c of the 67 is the first slot group, the slot number 2, 8, 14, ...; , Slot group consisting of 68 slots 21c, the second slot group, slot number 3, 9, 15,... , Slot group consisting of the 69th slot 21c is assigned to the third slot group, slot number 4, 10, 16,... , Slot group consisting of the slot 21c of the 70th slot group, slot number 5, 11, 17,... , Slot group consisting of the 71st slot 21c, the fifth slot group, slot number 6, 12, 18,... The slot group which consists of 72 slots 21c is made into a 6th slot group.

The stator winding 22 is a-phase winding formed by winding the conductor wire 30 in the slot 21c constituting the first slot group, and the conductor wire 30 in the slot 21c constituting the second slot group. ) Is wound around the d-phase winding configured to be mounted, and the slot 21c constituting the third slot group is wound around the b-phase winding and the slot 21c constituting the fourth slot group. E-phase winding formed by winding the conductor wire 30, c-phase winding formed by winding the conductor wire 30 in the slot 21c constituting the fifth slot group, and the slot configuring the sixth slot group. It has the f-phase winding comprised by attaching the conductor wire 30 to 21c. Here, the conductor wire 30 is a continuous line which consists of an insulation coated copper wire.

As shown in Figs. 3 and 4, the a-phase winding 23 extends one conductor wire 30 to one side in the axial direction from the slot 21c of the slot number 1, respectively, and the stator core 21 ), One end face is extended to one side in the circumferential direction and enters slot 21c of slot number 7, extends outward from the slot 21c of slot number 7 to the other side in the axial direction, and the other end face of the stator core 21 is circumferentially one side. 2 turns around the slot 21c of the first slot group to be inserted into the slot 21c of the slot number 13, and then mounted to the slot 21c of the slot number 13 to the axial one side from the slot 21c of the slot number 1. The extended conductor wire 30 extends on one end face of the stator core 21 to the other side in the circumferential direction and enters the slot 21c of slot number 67, and extends from the slot 21c of slot number 67 to the other side in the axial direction. On the other end of the stator core 21 Split into first and second phase-a-phase distribution windings 231 and 232 formed by winding two turns around the slot 21c of the first slot group so as to extend to the other side in the circumferential direction and enter the slot 21c of slot number 61. Consists of.

Each of the d-phase windings 24 is divided into first and second d-phase distribution windings 241 and 242 formed by winding one conductor wire 30 in a similar manner to the slot 21c constituting the second slot group. Consists of. The b-phase winding 25 is divided into first and second b-phase distribution windings 251 and 252 formed by winding one conductor wire 30 in the same manner in the slot 21c constituting the third slot group. Consists of. Each of the e-phase windings 26 is divided into first and second e-phase distribution windings 261 and 262 formed by winding one conductor wire 30 in a manner similarly wound to the slot 21c constituting the fourth slot group. Consists of. The c-phase winding 27 is divided into first and second c-phase distribution windings 271 and 272 formed by winding one conductor wire 30 in the same manner in the slot 21c constituting the fifth slot group, respectively. Consists of. Each of the f-phase windings 28 is divided into first and second f-phase distribution windings 281 and 282 formed by winding one conductor wire 30 in a similar manner in a slot 21c constituting the sixth slot group. Consists of.

As shown in FIG. 5, the first-phase distribution winding 231 is arranged in six slot pitches 6P in the circumferential direction with the longitudinal directions parallel to each other, and is further arranged in four layers in the radial direction. It has the flat slot accommodating part 31 and the coil end part 32 of the circular cross section which alternately connects the edge parts of the slot accommodating part 31 which adjoin in a circumferential direction with respect to an axial direction. And the long side length flat of the slot accommodating part 31 is formed in length slightly shorter than the width | variety of the circumferential direction of the slot 21c, and the coil end part 32 is the opening width of the slot 21c, ie, the awning part. It is formed in diameter slightly smaller than the space | interval between 21d.

In addition, the 2a phase distribution winding 231 is comprised similarly to the 1a phase distribution winding 231 except that the axial length of the coil end part 32 becomes long. Here, the coil end part 32 extends and connects the pair of rising parts extended axially from the both ends of the slot accommodating part 31 which adjoin in a circumferential direction, and the extension ends of a pair of the rising parts in the circumferential direction. Consists of a U-shape consisting of a crossing section. The axial length of the coil end portion 32 is the axial length of the rising portion, that is, the length in the axial direction from the end of the slot accommodating portion 31 to the wall surface on the slot accommodating portion 31 side of the cross section. In addition, the U-shaped coil end portion 32 is not limited to extending in a straight line, but includes a curved U-shape.

In each slot 21c which comprises a 1st slot group, as shown in FIG. 6, eight slot accommodating parts 31 are arranged in a row in the radial direction with the cross-sectional flat longitudinal direction facing the circumferential direction. It is stored. The four slot accommodating portions 31 of the first phase distribution coil 231 are located close to each other on the inner circumferential side in the slot 21c, and the four slot accommodating portions 31 of the second phase distribution coil 232 are provided. These are located close to each other on the outer circumferential side in the slot 21c. Further, insulating paper 35 is opened between the slot 21c and the slot accommodating portion 31 arranged in a single row, and insulation between the stator core 21 and the slot accommodating portion 31 is ensured, and the wedge is secured. 36 is attached to the opening side of the slot 21c, and the protruding of the slot accommodating part 31 is prevented.

Further, the first and second d-phase distribution windings 241 and 242, the first and second b-phase distribution windings 251 and 252, the first and second e-phase distribution windings 261 and 262, and the first and second c-phase The distribution windings 271 and 272 and the 1st and 2nd phase distribution windings 281 and 282 are comprised similarly to the 1st and 2a phase distribution windings 231 and 232. Moreover, the slot accommodating part 31 of each distribution winding | winding is accommodated in the slot 21c side by side in the radial direction, lined up in the longitudinal direction, and arranged in one line in the radial direction. Similarly, the slot accommodating part 31 of 1st phase distribution winding 241-1f phase distribution winding 281 is located in the inner peripheral side in slot 21c, and 2d phase distribution winding 242-2f phase distribution The slot accommodating part 31 of the winding 282 is located in the outer peripheral side in the slot 21c.

Thus, as shown in FIG. 4, the 1a phase distribution winding 231, the 1d phase distribution winding 241, the 1b phase distribution winding 251, and the 1e phase distribution winding corresponding to the first divided windings. 261, the 1c phase distribution winding 271, and the 1f phase distribution winding 281 comprise the inner layer wound by 4 layers and mounted in the inner peripheral side of each slot 21c. Further, the 2a phase distribution winding 232, the 2d phase distribution winding 242, the 2b phase distribution winding 252, the 2e phase distribution winding 262, and the 2c phase distribution winding corresponding to the second divided windings 272 and 2nd phase distribution winding 282 comprise the outer layer wound by four layers and mounted in the outer peripheral side of each slot 21c.

The a-phase winding 23 in which the 1a-phase distribution winding 231 and the 2a-phase distribution winding 232 are connected in series, and the 1b-phase distribution winding 251 and the 2b-phase distribution winding 252 are connected to each other. The first three-phase alternating current winding (delta) is connected by connecting the b-phase winding 25 connected in series and the c-phase winding 27 in which the first c-phase distribution winding 271 and the second c-phase distribution winding 272 are connected in series. 22A). Similarly, the d-phase winding 24 in which the 1d-phase distribution winding 241 and the 2d-phase distribution winding 242 are connected in series, and the 1e-phase distribution winding 261 and the 2e-phase distribution winding 262 are connected. The delta-connection of the e-phase winding 26 connected in series, the f-phase winding 28 which connected the 1st phase distribution winding 281, and the 2nd phase distribution winding 282 in series (triangle | delta), and the 2nd three phase alternating current winding ( 22B).

The first three-phase alternating current winding 22A and the second three-phase alternating current winding 22B have a phase difference of 30 degrees of electrical angle, and are connected to respective rectifiers 15 as shown in FIG. 7. .

The stator winding 22 is comprised by 22 A of 1st three-phase AC windings, and 22 B of 2nd three-phase AC windings. Then, a plurality of coil end portions 32 connecting the slot accommodating portion 31 housed in the slot 21c spaced six slots away from the axial one end side of the stator iron core 21 are the front coil end group 22f. And a plurality of coil end portions 32 connecting the slot accommodating portion 31 housed in the slot 21c spaced six slots away from the other end side in the axial direction of the stator iron core 21 to the rear coil end group ( 22r).

In the vehicle alternator 1 configured as described above, a field current is supplied from the battery (not shown) to the field coil 9 through the brush 13 and the slip ring 12 to generate magnetic flux. By this magnetic flux, the pole-shaped magnetic poles of the pole core 10 are magnetized to the north pole and the south pole alternately in the circumferential direction.

On the other hand, the rotational torque of the engine is transmitted to the shaft 6 through the belt (not shown) and the pulley 7, and the rotor 8 is rotated. Thus, a rotating magnetic field is applied to the stator windings 22 of the stator 20, and electromotive force is generated in the first and second three-phase alternating current windings 22A and 22B of the stator windings 22. The electromotive force of the alternating current generated in the first and second three-phase alternating current windings 22A and 22B is rectified by the rectifier 15 to DC, respectively, and the magnitude of the output voltage thereof is adjusted by the voltage regulator 16. It is also supplied to batteries or vehicle-mounted electrical loads.

In this stator 20, since each of the phase windings of the a to f phase windings 23 to 28 constituting the stator windings 22 is constituted by a distribution winding, the conductor wires 30 each slot ( It extends to both ends of the stator iron core 21 from 21c), and is bent to both sides in the circumferential direction. Thus, the radial overlaps of the bundles of the conductor wires 30 constituting each phase winding in the vicinity of extending from the respective slots 21c to both ends of the stator core 21 and then bent in the circumferential direction are circumferentially It is not dispersed and the expansion in the radial direction is reduced. Thereby, unevenness | corrugation in the circumferential direction of the front side and rear side coil end groups 22f and 22r becomes small, and it originates in the pressure fluctuation between the front side and rear side coil end groups 22f and 22r and the fan 11. The wind noise is reduced. In addition, the radial overlap of the bundle of the conductor wires 30 constituting each phase winding is reduced, and the conductor wires 30 are easily exposed to the cooling wind formed by the fan 11, and the stator 20 is fixed. Heat from the heat dissipation is effectively radiated from the front and rear coil end groups 22f and 22r.

Moreover, since the coil end part 32 which connects the edge parts of the slot accommodating part 31 is made circular in cross section, the coil end parts 32 when the phase winding is attached to the stator iron core 21, The occurrence of insulation failure due to grazing is suppressed.

In addition, since the slot accommodating part 31 of the conductor wire 30 is produced flat in cross section, it is accommodated in the slot 21c by arranging the cross section flat longitudinal direction toward the circumferential direction, and arrange | positioning in one row in the radial direction. The spot ratio of is large, and high output is attained.

In addition, each phase winding is divided into two distribution windings, and the axial length of the coil end portion 32 of the distribution winding wound around the inner circumferential side of the slot 21c is wound on the outer circumferential side of the slot 21c. It is shorter than the axial length of the coil end portion 32 of the distribution winding. Therefore, the length of the conductor wire 30 constituting the phase winding becomes short, the electrical resistance of the phase winding becomes small, and the copper loss can be reduced. In addition, the coil end portion 32 of the distribution winding wound around the outer circumferential side of the slot 21c extends outwardly from the coil end portion 32 of the distribution winding wound around the inner circumference of the slot 21c. Exposed to the cooling wind formed by the fan 11, excessive temperature rise is suppressed. That is, the distribution winding wound around the outer circumferential side of the slot 21c becomes the same temperature as the distribution winding wound around the inner circumferential side of the slot 21c.

When two separate windings are connected in parallel to form a phase winding, an inductance difference occurs in the distribution windings connected in parallel, and the loss becomes large. However, since each phase winding is configured by connecting two distribution windings in series, there is no loss that occurs when the distribution windings are connected in parallel.

Next, a method of winding and mounting the stator core 21 of the stator winding 22 will be described with reference to FIGS. 8 to 11. FIG. 8 is a view for explaining a method of forming a star-shaped distribution winding unit constituting a stator winding in the vehicular alternator according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention, and FIG. 9 is a first embodiment of the present invention. Fig. 10 illustrates a method of winding a distribution winding unit in a vehicular alternator wound around a stator iron core, and FIG. 10 shows a method of winding a distribution winding unit in a vehicular alternator wound around a stator iron core in accordance with Embodiment 1 of the present invention. 11 is a cross-sectional view showing a process of winding a distribution winding unit in a stator iron core in a vehicular alternator according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention.

First, as shown in Fig. 8A, the conductor wire 30 having a circular cross section is wound two turns in a ring shape to produce the first winding unit 40A, followed by two turns in a ring shape. The second winding unit 40B is manufactured. Subsequently, the first and second winding units 40A and 40B are bent, and the linear slot accommodating portion 31a is arranged at a predetermined slot pitch in the circumferential direction by roughly matching the longitudinal direction in the radial direction, and the predetermined slot pitch. The first and second shaping winding units 41A and 41B having the shaping pattern alternately connected to the inner circumferential side and the outer circumferential side by the U-shaped coil end portions 32 of the adjacent neighboring slot accommodating portions 31a are formed. To make.

Subsequently, at the site of the conductor wire 30 connecting the first and second shaping winding units 41A and 41B, the coils of the shaping patterns of the first and second shaping winding units 41A and 41B are folded. The molded winding unit 42 shown in FIG. 8C is produced by overlapping the first and second formed winding units 41A and 41B so that the end portions 32 face each other in the radial direction.

Subsequently, the bundle of the slot accommodating part 31a of the shaping | molding winding unit 42 is plastically deformed cross-sectionally flat by a press molding machine (not shown). Subsequently, the shaping winding unit 42 is deformed, and the cylindrically distributed dispensing winding unit 43 arranged at a predetermined slot pitch in the circumferential direction with the slot accommodating portion 31 plastically deformed in the cross section is arranged in parallel in the longitudinal direction. To make.

Subsequently, each of the coil end portions 32 is bent at approximately right angles so that the group of the coil end portions 32 on one side of the distribution winding unit 43 faces radially inward. And, as shown in FIG. 9, the distribution winding unit 43 is located so that the bundle of the slot accommodating parts 31 may be located on the other side in the axial direction of the slot 21c constituting the first slot group. Move 43 to one side of the stator core 21 in the axial direction.

Thereby, as shown in FIG. 10 and FIG. 11, the radially inward part of the coil end part 32 enters between the shading part 21d in the axial direction other side of the slot 21c, and the shading part ( 21d) is moved to one side in the axial direction, and the slot accommodating portion 31 is inserted into the slot 21c.

Then, the distribution winding unit 43 is moved in the axial direction until the radially inward portion of the coil end portion 32 passes through each of the shade portions 21d, thereby moving each of the slot accommodating portions 31. It accommodates in each slot 21c which comprised the 1st slot group. Subsequently, the coil end portion 32 is bent at a right angle so that the bent coil end portion 32 faces the outer side in the axial direction, so that the second-phase distribution winding 232 is formed in each slot 21c of the first slot group. It is wound on the outer circumference of the

In addition, although not shown, similarly manufactured five distribution winding units 43 are similarly attached to each slot 21c of 2nd-6th slot group sequentially. Thereby, the 2d phase distribution winding 242-the 2nd phase distribution winding 282 are wound and mounted on the outer peripheral side of each slot 21c of a 2nd-6th slot group.

Subsequently, although not shown, the distribution winding unit 43 wound around the inner peripheral side of each slot 21c of the 1st-6th slot group is mounted similarly. Here, in the distribution winding unit 43 wound around the inner peripheral side of each slot 21c, it is not necessary to make the axial length of the coil end part 32 longer than a slot depth. That is, since the slot accommodating part 31 is accommodated in the outer peripheral side of each slot 21c, the axial length of the coil end part 32 is larger than the depth of the empty space by the inner peripheral side of the slot 21c. It's a little longer. Thus, the axial length of the coil end portion 32 in the distribution winding unit 43 is wound around the outer circumferential side of each slot 21c to mount the coil end portion 32 in the distribution winding unit 43. It is formed shorter than the axial length.

Similarly, the six distribution winding winding units 43 thus produced are similarly sequentially mounted in the respective slots 21c of the first to sixth slot groups, and the first a phase distribution windings 231 to the 1f phase distribution windings. 281 is wound around the inner peripheral side of each slot 21c of a 1st-6th slot group, and is mounted. Then, the 1a phase distribution winding 231 and the 2a phase distribution winding 232 are connected in series to produce the a phase winding 23, and the 1d phase distribution winding 241 and the 2d phase distribution winding 242 are connected. ) Is connected in series to produce a d-phase winding 24, and the 1b-phase distribution winding 251 and the 2b-phase distribution winding 252 are connected in series to produce a b-phase winding 25. The phase distribution winding 261 and the 2e phase distribution winding 262 are connected in series to produce an e phase winding 26, and the 1c phase distribution winding 271 and the 2c phase distribution winding 272 in series. The c-phase winding 27 is manufactured by connecting, and the f-phase winding 28 is produced by connecting the 1st phase distribution winding 281 and the 2nd phase distribution winding 282 in series. Subsequently, the a-phase winding 23, the b-phase winding 25, and the c-phase winding 27 are Δ-connected to form a first three-phase AC winding 22A, and the d-phase winding 24 and the e-phase winding ( 26) and the f-phase winding 28 are Δ-connected to produce a second three-phase AC winding 22B.

Thus, since each phase winding is divided | segmented into two distribution winding units 43, the axial length of the coil end part 32 of the distribution winding unit 43 wound around and mounted in the inner peripheral side of the slot 21c. Can be made shorter than the depth of the slot 21c. In other words, the coil of the distribution winding unit 43 wound around the inner circumferential side of the slot 21c and wound around the axial length of the coil end portion 32 of the distribution winding unit 43 mounted on the outer circumferential side of the slot 21c. It may be shorter than the axial length of the end portion (32). Therefore, the length of the conductor wire 30 constituting the phase winding becomes short, the electrical resistance of the phase winding becomes small, and the copper loss can be reduced. Moreover, the coil end part 32 of the distribution winding unit 43 wound around the outer peripheral side of the slot 21c is exposed to the cooling wind by the fan 11, and excessive temperature rise is suppressed.

Embodiment 2:

It is sectional drawing which shows the stator in the automotive alternator which concerns on Embodiment 2 of this invention.

In Fig. 12, the coil end portion 32 of the distribution winding wound around the outer peripheral side of the slot 21c is bent inward in the radial direction, and the coil end portion of the distribution winding wound around the inner peripheral side of the slot 21c ( 32) is located close to the axial outward.

In addition, the other structure is comprised similarly to the said 1st Embodiment.

Therefore, also in the second embodiment, the same effect as in the first embodiment is achieved.

According to the second embodiment, the coil end portion 32 of the distribution winding wound around the outer peripheral side of the slot 21c is bent inward in the radial direction, and the distribution winding wound around the inner peripheral side of the slot 21c is mounted. Since it is located close to the axial outer side of the coil end part 32, the rigidity of the coil end part 32 of the distribution winding wound around the outer peripheral side of the slot 21c becomes high. Therefore, the situation where the front side and rear side coil end groups 22f and 22r come into contact with the front bracket 2 and the rear bracket 3 by vibration, thereby damaging the insulating film is suppressed.

Embodiment 3.

In the third embodiment, the varnish is impregnated with the front and rear coil end groups 22f and 22r to fix the coil end portions 32 to each other.

In addition, the other structure is comprised similarly to Embodiment 1, 2 mentioned above.

According to the third embodiment, the varnish is impregnated in the front side and rear side coil end groups 22f and 22r, and the coil end portions 32 are fixed to each other. Therefore, the front side and rear side coil end group 22f is fixed. , 22r) increases the rigidity. Therefore, the situation where the front side and rear side coil end groups 22f and 22r come into contact with the front bracket 2 and the rear bracket 3 by vibration, thereby damaging the insulating film is suppressed.

Here, in the third embodiment, the varnish is impregnated into the front and rear coil end groups 22f and 22r. However, the impregnation resin is not limited to the varnish and may be an insulating resin.

In each of the above embodiments, the stator windings are configured by Δ-connecting the phase windings. However, the stator windings may be configured by Y-connecting the phase windings.

In each of the above embodiments, the slots are formed at a rate of 2 per phase for each pole, but the slots are not limited to being formed at a rate of 2 per phase for each pole. You may form in 1 ratio for every phase.

In each of the above embodiments, the winding wound around the same slot group is provided by a distribution winding unit which extends to both sides in the circumferential direction after extending the conductor wires from the slot, and each enters the next slot. Although it is assumed that the winding is wound in the same slot group, the winding unit may be divided into a winding unit wound around the inner peripheral side of each slot and mounted, and a winding unit wound around the outer peripheral side of each slot for mounting. After extending out from the slot, the winding unit may be configured to extend only to one side in the circumferential direction and enter the next slot.

In each of the above embodiments, the outputs of the first and second three-phase AC windings are rectified by separate rectifiers, but the first and second three-phase AC windings are connected in parallel, and the outputs are connected to one another. The rectifier may be rectified by a rectifier.

In addition, although each said embodiment demonstrates a vehicle alternator, this invention is not limited to a vehicle alternator, The same effect is applied also to vehicle rotary electric machines, such as a vehicle electric motor and a vehicle power generator. Achieve.

2: front bracket 3: rear bracket
8: rotor 20: stator
21: stator iron core 21a: core back part
21b: Teeth 21c: Slot
21d: sunshade 22: stator winding
22f: front side coil end group 22r: rear side coil end group
23: a-phase winding 24: d-phase winding
25: b phase winding 26: e phase winding
27: c phase winding 28: f phase winding
30: conductor wire 31: slot storage portion
32: coil end part
231: 1a phase distribution winding (first split winding)
241: 1d phase distribution winding (first split winding)
251: 1b phase distribution winding (first split winding)
261: first e-phase distribution winding (first split winding)
271: 1c phase distribution winding (first split winding)
281: 1f phase distribution winding (first split winding)
232: 2a phase distribution winding (second split winding)
242: 2d phase distribution winding (second split winding)
252: 2b phase distribution winding (second split winding)
262: second e-phase distribution winding (second split winding)
272: 2c phase distribution winding (second split winding)
282: 2nd phase distribution winding (2nd division winding)

Claims (7)

  1. A rotor rotatably supported by the bracket,
    A ring-shaped core bag portion, each of which extends radially inwardly from the core bag portion and is arranged at a predetermined pitch in the circumferential direction, a slot partitioned by neighboring corresponding tooth portions, and extends from the tip of the tooth portion to both sides in the circumferential direction A stator winding having a cylindrical stator core having an awning provided, and a plurality of phase windings wound around each of a slot group consisting of slots arranged at intervals of a predetermined number of slots, and supported by the bracket to surround the rotor Equipped stator,
    Each of the phase windings extends in the axial direction from the slot and is formed by winding a conductor wire around the inner circumferential side of each slot of the same slot group so as to extend in the circumferential direction and enter the slot away from the predetermined number of slots. A second winding formed by winding the conductor wire on the outer circumferential side of each slot of the same slot group so as to extend in the circumferential direction and to enter the slot spaced apart from the predetermined number of slots after extending in the axial direction from the slot; It is divided into split windings.
    The conductor line has a linear slot accommodating portion accommodated in the slot and a U-shaped coil end portion connecting the end portions of adjacent slot accommodating portions in the circumferential direction.
    And the axial length of the coil end portion of the first divided winding is shorter than the axial length of the second divided winding.
  2. The method of claim 1,
    The slot receiving portion is configured to have a flat cross section, the coil end portion is formed in a circular cross section,
    In each of the slots, the slot accommodating portion of the first divided winding and the slot accommodating portion of the second divided winding are arranged in one row in the radial direction with the long side direction of the cross section flat facing the circumferential direction, and the corresponding slot A rotating electric machine for a vehicle, characterized by being divided into an inner circumferential side and an outer circumferential side thereof.
  3. 3. The method according to claim 1 or 2,
    The first divided winding and the second divided winding are divided windings wound so as to enter each of the slots spaced apart from the predetermined number of slots on both sides in the circumferential direction after the conductor wire extends in the axial direction from the slot. Rotor electric machine for a vehicle, characterized in that.
  4. 3. The method according to claim 1 or 2,
    And said coil end portion of said second split winding bends inward in the radial direction, and extends in the axial outward direction of said coil end portion of said first split winding.
  5. 3. The method according to claim 1 or 2,
    The phase winding is a rotating electric machine for a vehicle, characterized in that configured by connecting the first divided winding and the second divided winding in series.
  6. 3. The method according to claim 1 or 2,
    An insulating resin is impregnated into a coil end group constituted by the coil end portion, and the coil end portions constituting the coil end group are fixed to each other.
  7. 3. The method according to claim 1 or 2,
    A rolling electric machine for a vehicle, characterized in that the slot is formed at a ratio of about 2 at every pole.
KR1020100036805A 2009-12-10 2010-04-21 Automotive dynamoelectric machine KR101107884B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

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JP2009280456A JP5089677B2 (en) 2009-12-10 2009-12-10 Rotating electric machine for vehicles
JPJP-P-2009-280456 2009-12-10

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JP5840295B2 (en) * 2012-07-26 2016-01-06 三菱電機株式会社 Rotating electric machine
JP5677530B2 (en) * 2013-08-07 2015-02-25 東芝産業機器システム株式会社 Stator winding of rotating electrical machine, stator of rotating electrical machine, method for manufacturing stator of rotating electrical machine, and jig used for manufacturing stator of rotating electrical machine
JP6356394B2 (en) * 2013-08-07 2018-07-11 株式会社東芝 Rotating electric machine and method of manufacturing rotating electric machine
JP6366912B2 (en) * 2013-08-07 2018-08-01 株式会社東芝 Rotating electric machine
CN105637738B (en) * 2013-10-08 2018-04-10 三菱电机株式会社 The stator of electric rotating machine
CN103795170B (en) * 2014-01-07 2016-02-03 锦州汉拿电机有限公司 The field frame assembly of electric generater of vehicle or CD-ROM drive motor
TWI517525B (en) * 2014-07-01 2016-01-11 Victory Ind Corp Alternator
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TWI517530B (en) * 2014-07-01 2016-01-11 Victory Ind Corp Alternator stator windings and stator windings
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CN102097873A (en) 2011-06-15
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CN102097873B (en) 2013-05-08
JP5089677B2 (en) 2012-12-05

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