KR101102827B1 - System for preventing generation of white plume - Google Patents

System for preventing generation of white plume Download PDF

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KR101102827B1
KR101102827B1 KR1020110078667A KR20110078667A KR101102827B1 KR 101102827 B1 KR101102827 B1 KR 101102827B1 KR 1020110078667 A KR1020110078667 A KR 1020110078667A KR 20110078667 A KR20110078667 A KR 20110078667A KR 101102827 B1 KR101102827 B1 KR 101102827B1
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South Korea
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temperature
heat exchanger
cooling water
heat
pipe
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KR1020110078667A
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Korean (ko)
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김성현
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주식회사 성지공조기술
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28CHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT WITHOUT CHEMICAL INTERACTION
    • F28C1/00Direct-contact trickle coolers, e.g. cooling towers
    • F28C1/16Arrangements for preventing condensation, precipitation or mist formation, outside the cooler
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28CHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT WITHOUT CHEMICAL INTERACTION
    • F28C1/00Direct-contact trickle coolers, e.g. cooling towers
    • F28C1/02Direct-contact trickle coolers, e.g. cooling towers with counter-current only
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28CHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT WITHOUT CHEMICAL INTERACTION
    • F28C1/00Direct-contact trickle coolers, e.g. cooling towers
    • F28C1/14Direct-contact trickle coolers, e.g. cooling towers comprising also a non-direct contact heat exchange
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28CHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT WITHOUT CHEMICAL INTERACTION
    • F28C1/00Direct-contact trickle coolers, e.g. cooling towers
    • F28C2001/006Systems comprising cooling towers, e.g. for recooling a cooling medium
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F25/00Component parts of trickle coolers
    • F28F25/02Component parts of trickle coolers for distributing, circulating, and accumulating liquid
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F27/00Control arrangements or safety devices specially adapted for heat-exchange or heat-transfer apparatus
    • F28F27/003Control arrangements or safety devices specially adapted for heat-exchange or heat-transfer apparatus specially adapted for cooling towers

Abstract

PURPOSE: A heating-type white plume prevention system is provided to heat and dehumidify exhausted air by moving cooling water, which is heated through a heat exchanger for heating, to a heat exchanger for dehumidification. CONSTITUTION: A heating-type white plume prevention system comprises a cooling tower(50a), a heat exchanger for dehumidification(120), a cooling water outlet pipe(57), a high-temperature cooling water inlet pipe(58), a high-temperature cooling water supply pipe(131), a heat exchanger for heating(110), a hot water inlet pipe(132), and a hot water outlet pipe(133). The heat exchanger for dehumidification is installed in a vent. The cooling water outlet pipe connects a water collecting tank(55) to an air-conditioning facility(60) and supplies cooling water collected in the water collecting tank to the air-conditioning facility. The high temperature cooling water inlet pipe connects the air-conditioning facility to a water spray unit(52a) and supplies the cooling water discharged from the air-conditioning facility to the water spray unit. The high-temperature cooling water supply pipe is branched from the high-temperature cooling water inlet pipe. The heat exchanger for heating heats the cooling water provided to the high-temperature cooling water supply pipe. The hot water inlet pipe connects the heat exchanger for heating to the heat exchanger for dehumidification. The hot water outlet pipe connects the hot water inlet pipe to the water spray unit.

Description

승온식 백연방지시스템{System for preventing generation of white plume}System for preventing generation of white plume

본 발명은 백연방지시스템에 관한 것으로, 더욱 상세하게는 냉난방설비로부터 살수부로 유동하는 고온의 냉각수를 승온열교환기로 우회시키고 승온열교환기를 유동하면서 승온된 고온의 냉각수를 감습열교환기 측으로 유동시켜 상기 승온된 고온의 냉각수를 이용하여 감습열교환기로 유동하여 외부로 배출되는 배기(포화습공기)를 가열 및 감습시킴으로써 백연 발생을 효과적으로 방지할 수 있고, 감습열교환기의 핀튜브 배치 열을 줄여 배기 유동저항을 줄일 수 있는 승온식 백연방지시스템에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a smoke prevention system, and more particularly, by passing a high temperature cooling water flowing from the air-conditioning equipment to the water sprinkling part by a temperature increasing heat exchanger and flowing the temperature rising heat exchanger to the humidification heat exchanger. By heating and damping the exhaust (saturated air) discharged to the outside by using high temperature cooling water to the humidification heat exchanger, it is possible to effectively prevent white smoke generation and reduce the exhaust flow resistance by reducing the heat of fin tube arrangement of the humidification heat exchanger. It relates to an elevated temperature smoke prevention system.

냉각탑은 통상 공조장치의 실내기에 사용되는 냉각수를 재차 사용하기 위하여 실외공기와 직접 또는 간접 접촉시켜 냉각수를 냉각하는 일종의 열교환장치이다. 이러한 냉각탑은 공조공간의 냉난방에 사용되는 실내기와 냉각수라인을 통해 연결되어 순환되면서 실내기에서 냉난방을 위한 열교환을 수행한 후 상기 냉각수라인을 따라 냉각탑으로 이동되어 실외공기와의 열교환을 통해 다시 냉각되게 된다.Cooling tower is a kind of heat exchanger that cools the cooling water by direct or indirect contact with the outdoor air in order to use the cooling water used in the indoor unit of the air conditioning system. The cooling tower is circulated through the indoor unit and the cooling water line used for cooling and heating of the air conditioning space, performs heat exchange for cooling and heating in the indoor unit, and then moves to the cooling tower along the cooling water line to be cooled again by heat exchange with outdoor air. .

이렇게 냉각수를 냉각한 공기는 냉각수로부터 수분을 받아들여 수증기가 포화된 고온다습한 공기가 되어 냉각탑 외부로 방출되는데, 이때 고온 다습한 공기가 저온의 외부공기와 만나서 공기 중의 습기가 응축되어 다량의 미세한 수적이 발생하면서 백연을 일으키게 된다.The air cooled by the cooling water receives moisture from the cooling water and becomes saturated with steam at high temperature and high humidity. The air is released to the outside of the cooling tower. At this time, the high temperature and high humidity air meets the low temperature of the outside air and condenses moisture in the air. As water drops occur, it produces white lead.

통상적으로 냉각탑은 사람들이 생활하는 공간과 가까운 장소에 설치되기 때문에 외관상 오염물질로 오인되어 혐오감을 일으키고, 화재로 오인되어 소란을 일으키기도 하고, 냉각수가 오염된 경우 환경오염을 초래하며, 필러의 청소 상태가 불량한 경우 인체에 해로운 물질을 배출하게 된다.Cooling towers are usually installed in places close to people's living spaces, so they are misunderstood as contaminants in appearance and cause disgust. They can be disturbed due to fire, and environmental pollution when cooling water is contaminated. In poor condition, it will release harmful substances.

이와 같이 냉각탑의 가동시 발생되는 백연을 방지하기 위하여 다양한 시도가 이루어지고 있으며, 다양한 종류의 백연방지시스템이 제안되고 있다. 이러한 시도 중 냉각탑의 상부에 열교환기를 설치하여 백연이 발생되기 전에 포화상태인 고온다습한 냉각탑 출구 공기를 가열시켜 줌으로써 백연의 발생을 방지하는 방식이 많이 제안되고 있다.As described above, various attempts have been made to prevent white smoke generated during operation of the cooling tower, and various types of smoke prevention systems have been proposed. During this attempt, many methods have been proposed to prevent the occurrence of white smoke by installing a heat exchanger on the top of the cooling tower to heat the outlet air of a high temperature and high humidity cooling tower before the white smoke is generated.

이러한 방식은 포화된 냉각탑 출구 공기를 가열하기 위해서 열교환기 측으로 열원을 공급해 주어야 한다. 이를 위해 전기나 폐열 등을 상기 열교환기 측으로 공급하여 열원을 공급하기 위한 다양한 방식이 제시되고 있다.This method requires a heat source to be supplied to the heat exchanger to heat the saturated cooling tower outlet air. To this end, various methods for supplying a heat source by supplying electricity or waste heat to the heat exchanger side have been proposed.

이 중 열원 비용을 절감시키기 위하여 상대적으로 고온인 냉각수 자체를 이용하여 백연을 감소시키는 방식이 도 6에 도시되어 있다. 즉, 냉각탑(50a)의 상부에 열교환기(90)를 설치하고 상기 열교환기(90)와 냉난방설비(60)를 냉각수유출관(57) 및 고온냉각수유입관(58)을 통해 직접 연결시킴으로써 냉난방설비(60)에서 열교환을 통해 승온된 냉각수가 살수부(52a) 측으로 이송되지 않고 열교환기(90) 측으로 직접 이송되도록 한다.Among them, in order to reduce heat source costs, a method of reducing white smoke using relatively high temperature cooling water itself is illustrated in FIG. 6. That is, the heat exchanger 90 is installed on the top of the cooling tower 50a, and the heat exchanger 90 and the cooling and heating facility 60 are directly connected to each other through the cooling water outlet pipe 57 and the high temperature cooling water inlet pipe 58. The cooling water heated up through the heat exchange in the facility 60 is transferred directly to the heat exchanger 90 side without being transferred to the sprinkling unit 52a side.

이로 인해 냉난방설비(60)에서 승온된 냉각수는 고온냉각수유입관(58)을 따라 열교환기(90) 측으로 이송된 후 냉각과정에서 발생되는 고온다습한 포화공기를 승온시킨 후 살수부(52a)측으로 이동되어 살수노즐(52)을 통해 열교환부(80a)에 분사되고 냉각탑 하부의 집수조(55)에 수집되어 다시 냉난방설비(60)로 순환되는 과정을 거치게 된다.Due to this, the cooling water heated in the air conditioning and heating facility 60 is transferred to the heat exchanger 90 along the high temperature coolant inlet pipe 58, and then heated to high temperature and humidity saturated air generated in the cooling process, and then to the sprinkling part 52a. The water is sprayed to the heat exchanger 80a through the water spray nozzle 52 and collected in the water collecting tank 55 below the cooling tower to be circulated back to the cooling and heating facility 60.

그러나 이러한 종래의 냉각탑은 냉난방설비에서 열교환을 통해 얻은 열원만을 이용하기 때문에 냉난방설비에서 열교환된 냉각수가 36~38℃의 낮은 온도이다. 이로 인해 고온냉각수유입관(58)을 통해 상기 열교환기(90) 측으로 이송된 냉각수가 냉각탑(50a)에서 배출되는 공기를 일정 온도 승온시킬 수는 있지만 백연을 저감시킬 수 있는 충분한 열원을 제공하지는 못하여 백연감쇄 효과가 30~80% 정도로 미약한 실정이다.However, since the conventional cooling tower uses only the heat source obtained through heat exchange in the cooling and heating equipment, the cooling water heat exchanged in the cooling and heating equipment is at a low temperature of 36 to 38 ° C. As a result, the coolant transferred to the heat exchanger 90 through the high temperature coolant inflow pipe 58 may raise the temperature of the air discharged from the cooling tower 50a to a predetermined temperature, but may not provide a sufficient heat source to reduce the white smoke. The whitening effect is weak as 30 ~ 80%.

따라서, 백연감쇄효과를 높이기 위해서는 냉각탑의 상부에 설치되는 열교환기(90)의 용량 및 크기가 대형화될 수밖에 없어서 백연감쇄효과가 그다지 높지도 않으면서 설치가 어렵고 열교환기 자체의 비용이 증가되는 문제점이 있었다.Therefore, in order to increase the white lead reduction effect, the capacity and size of the heat exchanger 90 installed on the upper part of the cooling tower must be enlarged, so that the installation of the white lead reduction effect is not so high and the cost of the heat exchanger itself is increased. there was.

또한, 상대적으로 저온인 냉각수로부터 백연을 방지하기 위한 충분한 열원을 획득하기 위해서는 냉난방설비와 열교환기를 연결하는 배관의 크기가 커지게 되어 설치비용을 증가시키는 문제점이 있었다.In addition, in order to obtain a sufficient heat source for preventing white smoke from the relatively low temperature cooling water there is a problem in that the size of the pipe connecting the heating and heating equipment and the heat exchanger is increased to increase the installation cost.

본 발명은 상기와 같은 문제점을 해결하기 위한 것으로, 냉난방설비로부터 살수부로 유동하는 고온의 냉각수를 승온열교환기로 우회시키고 승온열교환기를 유동하면서 승온된 고온의 냉각수를 감습열교환기 측으로 유동시켜 상기 승온된 고온의 냉각수를 이용하여 외부로 배출되는 배기를 가열 및 감습시킴으로써 백연 발생을 효과적으로 방지할 수 있고, 감습열교환기의 핀튜브 배치 열을 줄여 배기 유동저항을 줄일 수 있는 승온식 백연방지시스템을 제공하는 데 있다.The present invention is to solve the above problems, bypassing the high temperature cooling water flowing from the cooling and heating equipment to the sprinkling unit to a heat exchanger heat exchanger while flowing a high temperature cooling water flows to the humidification heat exchanger while flowing a heat exchanger heat exchanger side the elevated temperature By heating and damping the exhaust discharged to the outside by using cooling water, it is possible to effectively prevent white smoke generation, and to provide an elevated smoke prevention system to reduce the exhaust flow resistance by reducing the heat of fin tube arrangement of the heat exchanger. have.

상기와 같은 목적을 달성하기 위하여 본 발명은 급기영역 및 배기영역과 열교환영역을 형성하는 케이싱과, 상기 급기영역과 면하는 케이싱의 측부에 마련되는 급기구와, 상기 배기영역과 면하는 케이싱의 상부면 또는 측면 중 어느 한 곳에 형성되는 배기구와, 상기 열교환영역에 배치되는 열교환부와, 상기 열교환부의 상부에 마련되는 살수부와, 송풍팬과 상기 송풍팬을 구동하는 모터를 구성하는 송풍팬부와, 상기 열교환부의 하부에 구성되는 집수조를 갖는 냉각탑에 있어서, 열공급원에 연결된 열원공급관 및 열원리턴관과 연결되고, 고온냉각수공급관 및 승온온수유입관이 각각 연결되며, 유동하는 고온냉각수를 가열하여 승온시키는 승온열교환기; 상기 승온온수유입관과 상기 살수부로 온수를 안내하는 승온온수유출관이 연결되고, 상기 배기구에 배치되어 상기 배기구를 통해 배출되는 배기를 가열 및 감습하여 백연을 방지하며, 핀튜브와 상기 핀튜브의 일측 단부에 구성되는 유입헤더와 타측에 구성되는 유출헤더와, 상기 핀튜브를 수용하며 상기 핀튜브를 유동하는 배기의 저항을 감소시키는 확대부를 형성하는 하우징과, 상기 하우징의 배기흡입 측 단부에 마련되는 플랜지로 구성되는 감습열교환기; 상기 열원공급관 또는 열원리턴관 중 어느 한곳에 배치되어 열원 공급을 조절하는 제1조절밸브; 상기 고온냉각수공급관 및 살수부에 연결되는 고온냉각수유입관에 각각 배치되어 유로를 제어하는 제2,3조절밸브; 및 외기검출기의 검출신호에 따라 상기 제1,2,3조절밸브를 제어하는 제어부;를 포함하는 승온식 백연방지시스템을 제공한다.In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a casing forming an air supply area and an exhaust area and a heat exchange area, an air supply provided on the side of the casing facing the air supply area, and an upper portion of the casing facing the exhaust area. A blower fan configured to form an exhaust port formed at any one of a surface or a side surface, a heat exchanger disposed in the heat exchanger region, a spraying unit provided at an upper portion of the heat exchanger, a blower fan, and a motor to drive the blower fan; In the cooling tower having a water collection tank configured in the lower portion of the heat exchanger, connected to the heat source supply pipe and the heat source return pipe connected to the heat supply source, the high temperature coolant supply pipe and the elevated temperature water inlet pipe are respectively connected to heat the flowing high temperature coolant A heat exchanger; The elevated temperature hot water inlet pipe and the elevated temperature hot water outlet pipe for guiding hot water to the sprinkling part are connected to each other and disposed at the exhaust port to prevent white smoke by heating and damping the exhaust discharged through the exhaust port. An inlet header configured at one end and an outlet header configured at the other side, a housing configured to receive the fin tube and to form an enlarged portion for reducing resistance of the exhaust flowing through the fin tube, and provided at an exhaust suction side end of the housing; Heat exchanger composed of a flange; A first control valve disposed at any one of the heat source supply pipe or the heat source return pipe to regulate a heat source supply; Second and third control valves respectively disposed in the hot coolant inlet pipes connected to the hot coolant supply pipes and the spraying parts to control the flow paths; And a control unit controlling the first, second and third control valves according to the detection signal of the outside air detector.

바람직하게는, 상기 냉각탑은 흡입통풍식 냉각탑 또는 압입통풍식 냉각탑 중 어느 하나일 수 있다. Preferably, the cooling tower may be any one of a suction ventilation cooling tower or a press-fitting ventilation cooling tower.

바람직하게는, 상기 열교환부는 필러 또는 밀폐식 전열관 중 어느 하나일 수 있다. Preferably, the heat exchanger may be any one of a filler or a sealed heat transfer tube.

바람직하게는, 상기 살수부는 살수수조와 상기 살수수조에 배치되는 다수의 살수노즐로 구성되는 중력식 살수부이거나 살수분배관과 상기 살수분배관에 배치되는 다수의 살수노즐로 구성되는 압력식 살수부 중 어느 하나일 수 있다.Preferably, the spraying unit is a gravity spraying unit composed of a spraying tank and a plurality of spraying nozzles disposed in the spraying tank or a pressure spraying unit consisting of a spraying distribution pipe and a plurality of spraying nozzles arranged in the spraying distribution pipe. It can be either.

바람직하게는, 상기 하우징에는 상기 핀튜브를 유동하는 배기의 저항을 감소시키는 확대부를 더 포함하여 형성할 수 있다. Preferably, the housing may further include an enlarged portion for reducing the resistance of the exhaust flowing through the fin tube.

바람직하게는, 상기 외기검출기는 외기온도를 검출하는 온도검출기이거나 외기온도와 습도를 검출하는 온습도검출기 중 어느 하나일 수 있다. Preferably, the outside air detector may be any one of a temperature detector for detecting the outside air temperature or a temperature and humidity detector for detecting the outside air temperature and humidity.

바람직하게는, 상기 감습열교환기로부터 유출되는 승온온수의 온도는 상기 고온냉각수유입관을 통해 유입되는 고온냉각수의 온도와 같거나 낮을 수 있다. Preferably, the temperature of the elevated temperature water flowing out from the humidifying heat exchanger may be equal to or lower than the temperature of the high temperature cooling water introduced through the high temperature cooling water inlet pipe.

바람직하게는, 상기 열공급원은 지역난방시설, 발전시설, 소각로 시설 또는 난방용 보일러 시설 중 어느 하나일 수 있다. Preferably, the heat supply source may be any one of a district heating facility, a power generation facility, an incinerator facility, or a heating boiler facility.

상기와 같은 본 발명에 의하면, 냉난방설비로부터 살수부로 유동하는 고온의 냉각수를 승온열교환기로 우회시키고 승온열교환기를 유동하면서 승온된 고온의 냉각수를 감습열교환기 측으로 유동시켜 상기 승온된 고온의 냉각수를 이용하여 감습열교환기로 유동하여 외부로 배출되는 배기(포화습공기)를 가열 및 감습시킴으로써 백연 발생을 효과적으로 방지할 수 있고, 감습열교환기의 핀튜브 배치 열을 줄여 배기 유동저항을 줄일 수 있다.According to the present invention as described above, by passing the high temperature cooling water flowing from the cooling and heating equipment to the water sprinkling unit by the temperature increase heat exchanger and flowing the temperature rising heat exchanger to the high temperature cooling water flows to the humidification heat exchanger side by using the high temperature cooling water By heating and dehumidifying the exhaust (saturated humid air) that flows through the humidification heat exchanger to the outside, the generation of white smoke can be effectively prevented, and the exhaust flow resistance can be reduced by reducing the heat of fin tube arrangement of the humidification heat exchanger.

도 1은 본 발명의 제1실시예에 따른 냉각수 승온식 백연방지시스템을 나타낸 개략도.
도 2는 도 1의 요부확대도.
도 3은 본 발명의 제2실시예에 따른 냉각수 승온식 백연방지시스템을 나타낸 개략도.
도 4는 본 발명의 제3실시예에 따른 냉각수 승온식 백연방지시스템을 나태낸 개략도.
도 5는 본 발명의 제4실시예에 따른 냉각수 승온식 백연방지시스템을 나타낸 개략도.
도 6은 종래의 백연방지시스템을 나타낸 개략도.
1 is a schematic view showing a cooling water temperature increase type smoke prevention system according to a first embodiment of the present invention.
2 is an enlarged view illustrating main parts of FIG. 1;
Figure 3 is a schematic diagram showing a cooling water temperature increase type smoke prevention system according to a second embodiment of the present invention. Figure 3 is a schematic diagram showing a cooling water temperature increase type smoke prevention system according to a second embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 4 is a schematic diagram showing a cooling water temperature-type smoke prevention system according to a third embodiment of the present invention. Figure 4 is a schematic diagram showing a cooling water temperature-type smoke prevention system according to a third embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 5 is a schematic diagram showing a cooling water temperature rise smoke prevention system according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention. Figure 5 is a schematic diagram showing a cooling water temperature rise smoke prevention system according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention.
6 is a schematic view showing a conventional smoke prevention system. 6 is a schematic view showing a conventional smoke prevention system.

이하, 본 발명의 바람직한 실시예를 도면을 참조하여 더욱 상세히 설명하기로 한다. Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in more detail with reference to the drawings.

이하에서 발명의 이해를 돕기 위해 도면부호를 부가함에 있어 동일한 구성요소에 대해서는 비록 다른 도면에 표시되었다 하더라도 동일한 도면부호를 사용하기로 한다.In the following description, the same reference numerals will be used to refer to the same elements even though the same reference numerals are used to refer to the same elements.

본 발명의 바람직한 실시예에 따른 승온식 백연방지시스템(100a,100b,100c,100d)은 냉난방설비(60)를 구동시킨 후 배관(57,58)을 따라 순환되어 재사용되는 냉각수의 일부를 별도의 라인(131)을 통하여 우회시킨 후 승온열교환기(110)에서 승온시켜 냉각탑(50a,50b,50c,50d)에 구비된 감습열교환기(120) 측으로 이송시킴으로써 가열된 냉각수의 열을 이용하여 백연 발생을 방지하는 것을 기술적 특징으로 한다.
The elevated temperature smoke prevention system according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention (100a, 100b, 100c, 100d) is a separate part of the coolant that is circulated along the piping (57, 58) and reused after driving the air conditioning equipment 60 After detouring through the line 131, the temperature is raised in the heat exchanger 110, and the white smoke is generated by using the heat of the coolant heated by transferring it to the humidification heat exchanger 120 provided in the cooling towers 50a, 50b, 50c, and 50d. The elevated temperature smoke prevention system according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention (100a, 100b, 100c, 100d) is a separate part of the coolant that is circulated along the piping (57, 58) and reused after driving the air conditioning equipment 60 After detouring through the line 131, the temperature is raised in the heat exchanger 110, and the white smoke is generated by using the heat of the coolant heated by transferring it to the humidification heat exchanger 120 provided in the cooling towers 50a, 50b, 50c, and 50d. To prevent the technical features. To prevent the technical features.

본 발명에 사용되는 냉각탑(50a,50b,50c,50d)은 공기조화 설비 및 냉난방 설비(60)와 냉각수유출관(57) 및 고온냉각수유입관(58)을 통해 연결되어 냉각수가 냉난방 설비(60)를 지나며 냉방에 사용되면서 온도가 상승한 냉각수의 온도를 낮추어 재사용되도록 하는 한편, 냉각수의 냉각과정에서 발생되는 백연을 방지하는 역할을 하는 것으로, 통상적인 냉각탑의 기본 구성에 따르며, 도 1 내지 도 5에 도시된 바와 같이 다양한 형태로 구비될 수 있으며, 바람직하게는 흡입통풍식 냉각탑이거나 압입통풍식 냉각탑으로 구비된다.Cooling tower (50a, 50b, 50c, 50d) used in the present invention is connected through the air conditioning equipment and heating and cooling equipment 60, the cooling water outlet pipe 57 and the hot coolant inlet pipe 58, the cooling water cooling and heating equipment (60) While being used for cooling by passing through) to lower the temperature of the cooling water, the temperature rises to be reused, and serves to prevent the white smoke generated during the cooling process of the cooling water, according to the basic configuration of a conventional cooling tower, Figures 1 to 5 It may be provided in a variety of forms, as shown in, it is preferably provided as a suction ventilation cooling tower or a press-fitted ventilation cooling tower.

즉, 상기 냉각탑(50a,50b,50c,50d)은 통상적인 냉각탑과 같이 급기영역 및 배기영역과 열교환영역을 형성하여 외형을 이루는 케이싱(51), 상기 급기영역과 면하는 케이싱(51)의 측부에 마련되는 급기구(53), 상기 배기영역과 면하는 케이싱의 상부면 또는 측면 중 어느 한 곳에 형성되는 배기구(54), 상기 열교환영역에 배치되는 열교환부(80a), 상기 열교환부의 상부에 마련되는 살수부(52a), 케이싱(51)의 내부로 외기를 흡인하는 송풍팬(70a) 및 상기 살수부(52a)에서 분사된 냉각수와 열교환 된 후 외부로 배출되는 공기를 가열시켜 백연을 저감시키는 감습열교환기(120)로 구성된다.That is, the cooling towers 50a, 50b, 50c, and 50d form a heat exchange area with the air supply area and the exhaust area like the conventional cooling towers to form an outer casing 51, and the side of the casing 51 facing the air supply area. An air supply port 53 provided at the exhaust port, an exhaust port 54 formed at any one of an upper surface or a side surface of the casing facing the exhaust area, a heat exchange part 80a disposed at the heat exchange area, and an upper part of the heat exchange part. To reduce the white smoke by heating the air discharged to the outside after heat-exchanged with the cooling water sprayed from the spraying fan (70a) and the spraying water (52a) to the inside of the sprinkling portion 52a, the casing 51 The heat exchanger 120 is configured.

상기 케이싱(51)은 원통형 또는 직육면체형으로 형성되고 측면에 외기 급기구(53)가 개방되고, 송풍팬(70a)에 의해 흡입된 외기가 배출되는 배기구(54)가 개방되어 있다. 또한, 케이싱(51)의 바닥에는 집수조(55)가 설치되어 열교환부(80a)에서 낙하하는 냉각수를 모은 후 집수조(55)와 연결된 냉각수유출관(57)을 통해 순환펌프(40a)에 의해 순환되도록 되어 있다.The casing 51 is formed in a cylindrical or rectangular parallelepiped shape, and an outside air supply port 53 is opened at a side thereof, and an exhaust port 54 through which the outside air sucked by the blower fan 70a is opened. In addition, a collecting tank 55 is installed at the bottom of the casing 51 to collect cooling water falling from the heat exchange part 80a, and then circulates by the circulation pump 40a through the cooling water outlet pipe 57 connected to the collecting tank 55. It is supposed to be.

상기 송풍팬(70a)은 케이싱(51)의 배기구(54)내에 설치되어 급기구(53)를 통해 케이싱(51) 내부로 외기를 흡인하여 배기구(54)를 통해 외부로 배출시키는 역할을 한다. 또한, 상기 살수부(52a)는 열교환부(80a)와 엘리미네이터(56) 사이에 설치되어 냉난방설비(60)에서 고온냉각수유입관(58)을 통해 살수부(52a)로 유입된 고온의 냉각수를 열교환부(80a) 위에 균일하게 분사하도록 되어 있다.The blowing fan 70a is installed in the exhaust port 54 of the casing 51 to suck outside air into the casing 51 through the air supply port 53 to discharge the outside air through the exhaust port 54. In addition, the spraying unit 52a is installed between the heat exchange unit 80a and the eliminator 56, the high temperature introduced into the spraying unit 52a through the high temperature coolant inlet pipe 58 from the air conditioning and heating facility 60. Cooling water is sprayed uniformly on the heat exchange part 80a.

여기서, 상기 살수부(52a)는 도 1, 도 3 및 도 5에 도시된 바와 같이 상기 고온냉각수유입관(58)과 연결되는 살수분배관에 다수개의 살수노즐이 배치되는 압력식 살수부로 구성될 수도 있으며, 도 4에 도시된 바와 같이 일정공간을 갖는 살수수조에 다수개의 살수노즐이 배치되는 중력식 살수부로 구성될 수도 있다.Here, the watering unit 52a is composed of a pressure type watering unit in which a plurality of spraying nozzles are disposed in the watering distribution pipe connected to the hot cooling water inlet pipe 58 as shown in FIGS. 1, 3, and 5. In addition, as shown in Figure 4 may be composed of a gravity type spraying unit is arranged a plurality of spray nozzles in a spray tank having a predetermined space.

상기 열교환부(80a)는 살수부(52a)와 급기구(53) 사이에 배치되도록 케이싱(51)의 내부에 설치되어 살수부(52a)에서 분사된 고온의 냉각수를 분산시켜 낙하를 방해하거나 외기와의 접촉면을 최대로 늘려 냉각수가 쉽게 열을 방출할 수 있도록 해준다.The heat exchange part 80a is installed inside the casing 51 so as to be disposed between the sprinkling part 52a and the air supply port 53 so as to disperse the high temperature cooling water injected from the sprinkling part 52a so as to prevent falling or outside air. The contact surface with the maximal extension allows the coolant to dissipate heat easily.

따라서, 냉난방설비(60)에서 고온냉각수유입관(58)을 따라 이송된 냉각수가 살수부(52a)로 유입된 후 살수노즐을 통해 열교환부(80a)로 분사되어 열교환부(80a)를 하향 통과하는 동안, 급기구(53)를 통해 유입되어 열교환부(80a)를 상향 통과하는 상대적으로 온도가 낮은 외기에 의해 저온화된 후 집수조(55)로 낙하하여 모인 뒤냉각수유출관(57)을 통해 다시 냉난방 설비(60)로 되돌아가 재사용된다.Therefore, the cooling water transferred from the air conditioning and heating facility 60 along the high temperature coolant inlet pipe 58 flows into the water spraying unit 52a, and then is injected into the heat exchanger 80a through the water spray nozzle and passes downward through the heat exchanger 80a. In the meantime, after being cooled through the air supply port 53 and lowered by a relatively low outside air passing upwardly through the heat exchange part 80a, it is collected by falling into the sump tank 55 through the rear cooling water outlet pipe 57. It is returned to the heating and cooling facility 60 again and reused.

여기서, 상기 열교환부(80a)는 도 1과 같이 필러 타입 또는 도 3과 같이 밀폐식 전열관 중 어느 하나의 형태로 구비될 수 있다. 또한, 도 3에 도시된 바와 같이 상기 열교환부(80b)는 상기 냉난방설비(60)와 고온냉각수유입관(58') 및냉각수유출관(57')을 통해 직접연결되는 형태로 구비될 수도 있다. 이와 같은 경우 상기 냉난방설비(60)는냉각수유출관(57) 상에 연결되지 않으며, 상기 집수조(55)에 집수된 냉각수는 상기냉각수유출관(57)을 통해 살수부(52a)로 직접연결되거나 고온냉각수공급관(131)을 통해 후술할 승온열교환기(110)에 연결되게 된다.Here, the heat exchange part 80a may be provided in any one form of a filler type as shown in FIG. 1 or a sealed heat transfer tube as shown in FIG. 3. In addition, as shown in FIG. 3, the heat exchange part 80b may be provided in the form of being directly connected to the cooling and heating facility 60 through the high temperature coolant inlet pipe 58 ′ and the coolant outlet pipe 57 ′. . In this case, the cooling and heating facility 60 is not connected to the cooling water outlet pipe 57, and the cooling water collected in the water collecting tank 55 is directly connected to the watering unit 52a through the cooling water outlet pipe 57. It is connected to the heat exchanger 110, which will be described later, through the high temperature cooling water supply pipe 131.

한편, 상기 열교환부(80a)를 통과하면서 냉각수를 저온화시킨 외기는 엘리미네이터(56)를 거쳐 배기구(54)를 통해 대기 중으로 배출되는데, 상기 외기는 열교환부(80a)의 열교환 과정을 거치면서 상대적으로 고온 다습한 상태로 변하게 되어 배기구(54)를 통해 상대적으로 저온인 외기와 만나게 되면 배기에 함유된 수분이 응축하면서 백연이 발생하게 된다.On the other hand, the outdoor air that has cooled the cooling water while passing through the heat exchange unit 80a is discharged to the atmosphere through the exhaust port 54 through the eliminator 56, and the outside air undergoes a heat exchange process of the heat exchange unit 80a. While being changed to a relatively high temperature and high humidity, and encounters a relatively low temperature outside air through the exhaust port 54, white smoke is generated while condensing moisture contained in the exhaust.

이러한 백연의 발생을 방지하기 위하여 케이싱(51) 내부의 열교환부(80a)를 통해 냉각수와 열교환 된 공기가 배기구(54)를 통해 대기중으로 배출되기 전에 가열될 수 있도록 케이싱(51)에 구비되는 송풍팬(70)의 위쪽으로 감습열교환기(120)가 설치된다.In order to prevent the occurrence of such white smoke blowing in the casing 51 so that the air heat-exchanged with the cooling water through the heat exchange unit (80a) inside the casing 51 can be heated before being discharged to the atmosphere through the exhaust port 54 The humidification heat exchanger 120 is installed above the fan 70.

즉, 냉각수의 온도를 떨어뜨리기 위해 열교환에 사용된 케이싱(51) 내부의 공기가 송풍팬(70a)이 설치된 케이싱(51)의 배기구(54)를 통해 배출되는데, 이때 상기 송풍팬(70a)의 상측에 설치된 감습열교환기(120)를 통해 배기가 가열되어 상대습도를 떨어뜨림으로써 백연이 발생되는 것을 방지하는 것이다.That is, air in the casing 51 used for heat exchange to lower the temperature of the cooling water is discharged through the exhaust port 54 of the casing 51 in which the blowing fan 70a is installed. Exhaust is heated through the humidification heat exchanger 120 installed on the upper side to reduce relative humidity, thereby preventing white smoke from occurring.

이에 따라, 상기 감습열교환기(120)에서 열교환된 후 승온온수유출관(133)으로 유출되는 냉각수의 온도(t2)는 상기 고온냉각수유입관(58, 58')을 통해 유입되는 냉각수의 온도(t1)와 같거나 낮은 온도를 갖게 된다.Accordingly, the temperature t2 of the cooling water flowing out of the humidifying heat exchanger 120 and then flowing into the elevated temperature hot water outlet pipe 133 is the temperature of the cooling water introduced through the high temperature coolant inlet pipes 58 and 58 '. It has a temperature equal to or lower than t1).

여기서, 상기 감습열교환기(120)는 도 2에 도시된 바와 같이 핀튜브(121)와, 상기 핀튜브(121)의 일측 단부에 구성되는 유입헤더(122)와 타측에 구성되는 유출헤더(123)와, 상기 핀튜브(121)를 수용하며 상기 핀튜브(121)를 유동하는 배기의 저항을 감소시키는 확대부(125)를 형성하는 하우징(124)으로 구성되며, 상기 하우징(124)의 하부측에 플랜지(126)가 구비되어 상기 케이싱(51)의 상부에 연결된다. 이와 같이 상기 하우징(124)에 상향으로 갈수록 단면적이 넓어지는 확대부(125)가 구비됨으로써 감습열교환기(120)의 핀튜브 배치 열(row)을 줄여 배기의 유동저항을 감소시킬 수 있게 된다.Here, the moisture-sensitized heat exchanger 120 is a fin tube 121, an inflow header 122 configured at one end of the fin tube 121 and an outlet header 123 configured at the other side as shown in FIG. ) And a housing 124 that receives the fin tube 121 and forms an enlarged portion 125 that reduces the resistance of the exhaust flowing through the fin tube 121, the lower portion of the housing 124. A flange 126 is provided on the side and connected to the upper portion of the casing 51. In this way, the housing 124 is provided with an enlarged portion 125 having a wider cross-sectional area toward the upper portion thereof, thereby reducing the flow resistance of the exhaust by reducing the row of fin tube arrangement of the moisture sensitive heat exchanger 120.

이때, 본 발명의 승온식 백연방지시스템(100)은 상기 감습열교환기(120) 측으로 이동되는 냉각수의 일부를 우회시켜 별도의 열원을 이용하여 승온시킨 후 감습열교환기(120)에 승온된 냉각수를 공급할 수 있도록 승온열교환기(110)가 구비된다.At this time, the temperature increase type smoke prevention system 100 of the present invention bypasses a part of the cooling water moved to the humidification heat exchanger 120 side by using a separate heat source to increase the temperature of the cooling water heated to the humidification heat exchanger 120 A heat exchanger 110 is provided to supply.

이러한 승온열교환기(110)는 고온냉각수공급관(131)을 통하여 상기 고온냉각수유입관(58)과 연결되고 승온온수유입관(132)을 통하여 상기 감습열교환기(120)와 연결된다. 또한, 상기 승온열교환기(110)는 열공급원(10)과 열원공급관(141) 및 열원리턴관(142)과 각각 연결되어 상기 열공급원(10)으로 공급되는 고온의 온수 중 일부가 상기 승온열교환기(110) 측으로 우회되어 통과될 수 있도록 한다.The temperature increase heat exchanger 110 is connected to the high temperature coolant inlet pipe 58 through the high temperature coolant water supply pipe 131, and is connected to the humidification heat exchanger 120 through the temperature increase hot water inlet pipe 132. In addition, the temperature rising heat exchanger 110 is connected to the heat supply source 10, the heat source supply pipe 141 and the heat source return tube 142, respectively, a part of the hot water of the hot water supplied to the heat supply source 10 is the temperature rising heat It can be bypassed to the exchange 110 side to pass through.

이에 따라, 상기 고온냉각수유입관(58)을 따라 유동되는 고온의 냉각수는 상기 감습열교환기(120) 측으로 곧바로 이송되지 않고, 상기 승온열교환기(110)를 거치면서 상기 열원공급관(141) 및 열원리턴관(142)에 의해 우회된 고온의 온수를 통해 승온된 후 감습열교환기(120) 측으로 이송되게 된다.Accordingly, the high temperature cooling water flowing along the high temperature coolant inflow pipe 58 is not directly transferred to the humidifying heat exchanger 120, but passes through the temperature rising heat exchanger 110 while the heat source supply pipe 141 and the heat source. The temperature is raised through the hot water bypassed by the return pipe 142 and then transferred to the humidification heat exchanger 120.

즉, 본 발명에서 상기냉각수유출관(57), 고온냉각수유입관(58), 살수부(52a) 및 집수조(55)를 따라 순환되어 재사용되는 냉각수는 그 일부가 상기 고온냉각수공급관(131)을 통해 승온열교환기(110) 측으로 우회되어 열교환을 통해 더욱 높은 온도로 승온된 후 감습열교환기(120) 측으로 이송됨으로써 감습열교환기(120)에서 외부로 배출되는 공기를 가열시켜 백연을 저감시킨 후 승온온수유출관(133)을 통해 살수부(52a)로 유입되어 열교환부(80a) 측으로 분사되는 냉각과정을 거치게 된다.That is, in the present invention, the coolant circulated and reused along the cooling water outlet pipe 57, the high temperature coolant inlet pipe 58, the watering unit 52a, and the water collecting tank 55 is part of the high temperature coolant supply pipe 131. It is bypassed to the temperature increase heat exchanger 110 side through the heat exchange to the higher temperature and then transferred to the humidity heat exchanger 120 side by heating the air discharged from the humidity heat exchanger 120 to reduce the white smoke after the temperature rise The hot water outlet pipe 133 is introduced into the water spraying unit 52a and undergoes a cooling process sprayed toward the heat exchange unit 80a.

그리고, 상기 승온열교환기(110) 측으로 우회되지 않은 냉각수의 나머지는 승온열교환기(110)를 거치지 않고 곧바로 살수부(52a)로 유입되어 열교환부(80a) 측으로 분사됨으로써 냉각되게 된다.And, the remainder of the cooling water that is not bypassed to the temperature increase heat exchanger 110 is introduced into the water sprinkling portion 52a directly without passing through the temperature increase heat exchanger 110 to be cooled by being sprayed toward the heat exchange part 80a.

이때, 상기 고온냉각수공급관(131) 및 승온온수유입관(132)은 상기 고온냉각수유입관(58)에 사용되는 것보다 직경이 작은 배관을 사용하도록 한다. 이는 고온냉각수공급관(131)을 통하여 승온열교환기(110) 측으로 이송된 후 승온되는 냉각수의 유량이 감습열교환기(120)를 거치지 않고 살수부(52a) 측으로 바로 유입되는 냉각수의 유량보다 적은 양이 되도록 하기 위함이다.At this time, the hot coolant supply pipe 131 and the elevated temperature hot water inlet pipe 132 to use a pipe having a diameter smaller than that used in the hot coolant inlet pipe (58). This is because the flow rate of the coolant that is heated up after being transferred to the heat exchanger 110 through the high temperature coolant supply pipe 131 is less than the flow rate of the coolant that flows directly into the water sprayer 52a without passing through the humidification heat exchanger 120. To do this.

이는, 상술한 바와 같이 감습열교환기(120) 측으로 우회되는 냉각수와 감습열교환기 측으로 우회되지 않고 살수부(52a)로 유입되는 냉각수 모두 재사용을 위하여 살수부(52a)를 통해 분사되어 냉각되는 과정을 거치게 되는데, 고온냉각수공급관(131)을 통하여 우회된 후 승온되는 냉각수의 양이 승온되지 않는 냉각수의 양보다 적은 양이 되도록 함으로써 냉각수의 일부가 승온된다 하더라도 냉각탑(50)의 전체적인 냉각효율을 유지하기 위함이다.This is a process in which the cooling water bypassed to the humidifying heat exchanger 120 side and the cooling water flowing into the water spraying unit 52a without being bypassed to the humidifying heat exchanger 120 are sprayed through the spraying unit 52a for reuse and cooled. By passing through the high temperature cooling water supply pipe 131, the amount of cooling water that is bypassed after being bypassed to maintain the overall cooling efficiency of the cooling tower 50 even if a portion of the cooling water is raised by the amount less than the amount of cooling water that is not heated up. For sake.

이처럼, 본 발명의 냉각수 승온식 백연방지시스템(100)은 냉난방설비(60)에서 열교환을 통해 승온된 냉각수 자체의 열을 활용하여 감습열교환기(120)에서 백연 발생을 방지하기 때문에 버려지는 폐열을 재사용함으로써 에너지활용을 극대화할 수 있게 된다.As such, the cooling water temperature-type white smoke prevention system 100 of the present invention utilizes the heat of the cooling water itself heated up through the heat exchange in the air conditioning and heating facility 60 to prevent the generation of white smoke in the humidification heat exchanger 120 to prevent waste heat generated. By reusing, it is possible to maximize energy utilization.

더욱이 감습열교환기(120)로 우회되는 냉각수가 승온열교환기(110)를 통해 가열된 후 감습열교환기(120) 측으로 유입되도록 함으로써 백연 방지 효과를 높일 수 있음은 물론, 냉각탑(50)에 설치되는 감습열교환기(120)의 크기를 줄이고 저용량의 열교환기를 사용할 수 있음으로써 원가절감을 도모할 수 있는 장점이 있다.
Furthermore, the cooling water bypassed by the humidifying heat exchanger 120 is heated through the temperature increasing heat exchanger 110 and then introduced into the humidifying heat exchanger 120 to increase the anti-smoke effect, as well as being installed in the cooling tower 50. By reducing the size of the humidifying heat exchanger 120 and using a heat exchanger of a low capacity there is an advantage that can reduce the cost.

한편, 상기 승온열교환기(110) 측으로 우회되는 냉각수를 승온시키기 위하여 사용되는 열공급원(10)으로는 지역난방시설이나 발전시설에서 공급되는 온수, 소각로 시설 또는 난방용 보일러에서 순환되는 온수 등과 같이 배관을 따라 순환되는 구동열원을 사용한다.
On the other hand, the heat supply source 10 used to increase the temperature of the cooling water bypassed to the heat exchanger (110) side, such as hot water supplied from district heating facilities or power generation facilities, incinerator facilities or hot water circulated in the heating boiler, etc. Use a drive heat source that circulates accordingly.

일예로, 지역난방에서는 발전소에서 고온의 구동온수를 생산한 후 공급관(22)을 통해 열원사용설비(30)로 상기 구동온수를 공급한 후 리턴관(21)을 통해 다시 발전소로 회수하게 된다. 이때, 상기 공급관(22)으로 유동되는 구동온수의 일부가 상기 승온열교환기(110) 측으로 우회된 후 리턴관(21)으로 다시 회수될 수 있도록 상기 공급관(22) 및 리턴관(21)과 승온열교환기(110)를 각각 상호 연결하는 열원공급관(142) 및 열원리턴관(141)이 구비된다.For example, in district heating, after the high temperature driving hot water is produced at the power plant, the driving hot water is supplied to the heat source using facility 30 through the supply pipe 22 and then returned to the power plant through the return pipe 21. At this time, a portion of the driving hot water flowing into the supply pipe 22 is bypassed to the temperature rising heat exchanger 110 and then returned to the return pipe 21 so that the supply pipe 22 and the return pipe 21 may be increased. The heat source supply pipe 142 and the heat source return pipe 141 which connect the heat exchangers 110 to each other are provided.

즉, 발전소에서 생산된 후 상기 공급관(22)을 통해 열원사용설비(30)로 공급된 후 회수되는 구동온수 중 일부가 상기 열원공급관(142)을 통해 승온열교환기(110) 측으로 우회되어 고온냉각수공급관(131)을 통해 승온열교환기(110) 측으로 우회된 냉각수와 열교환이 일어난 후 다시 열원리턴관(141)을 통해 상기 리턴관(21)으로 회수되도록 하는 것이다.That is, some of the driving hot water that is produced after being produced at the power plant and then supplied to the heat source using facility 30 through the supply pipe 22 is bypassed to the elevated temperature heat exchanger 110 through the heat source supply pipe 142 to be heated at a high temperature. After the heat exchange with the cooling water bypassed to the elevated temperature heat exchanger 110 through the supply pipe 131 is to be recovered to the return pipe 21 through the heat source return pipe 141 again.

이로 인해, 상기 고온냉각수공급관(131)을 통해 우회된 냉각수는 상기 열원공급관(142)을 통해 유입된 고온의 구동온수로부터 열을 획득하여 승온된 후 승온온수유입관(132)을 통해 감습열교환기(120) 측으로 이동되어 냉각탑(50a,50b,50c,50d)의 내부에서 외부로 배출되는 공기와의 열교환을 통해 백연의 발생을 방지하게 되는 것이다.Because of this, the cooling water bypassed through the high temperature cooling water supply pipe 131 is heated by obtaining heat from the high temperature driving hot water introduced through the heat source supply pipe 142, and then the heat exchanger through the elevated temperature water inlet pipe 132. It is moved to the 120 side to prevent the generation of white smoke through heat exchange with the air discharged from the inside of the cooling tower (50a, 50b, 50c, 50d) to the outside.

여기서, 열공급원으로 난방용 보일러가 사용되는 경우 지역난방의 경우와 마찬가지 방법으로 열원공급관(142) 및 열원리턴관(141)을 난방용 보일러에서 고온의 온수가 순환되는 순환배관에 연결함으로써 난방용 보일러에서 순환되는 고온의 온수가 상기 승온열교환기(110) 측으로 우회되도록 할 수도 있음을 밝혀둔다.Here, when a heating boiler is used as the heat supply source, the heat source supply pipe 142 and the heat source return tube 141 are connected to a circulation pipe through which high temperature hot water is circulated in the heating boiler in the same manner as in the case of district heating. It turns out that the high temperature hot water is to be bypassed to the heat exchanger (110) side.

이처럼, 본 발명의 승온식 백연방지시스템(100)은 열공급원(10)으로부터 고온의 온수를 열원공급관(142) 및 열원리턴관(141)을 통해 승온열교환기(110) 측으로 우회시키는 한편, 고온냉각수공급관(131)을 통해 감습열교환부(120)로 유입되는 냉각수의 일부를 승온열교환기(110) 측으로 우회시켜 승온열교환기(110)에서 우회된 냉각수를 승온시킨 후 감습열교환기(120) 측으로 이송시킴으로써 백연발생을 효과적으로 방지할 수 있게 되는 것이다.As such, the elevated temperature smoke-free smoke prevention system 100 of the present invention bypasses the hot water of the high temperature from the heat source 10 to the heat exchanger 110 side through the heat source supply pipe 142 and the heat source return tube 141, Part of the cooling water flowing into the heat exchanger heat exchanger 120 through the cooling water supply pipe 131 is bypassed to the temperature increase heat exchanger 110 to increase the temperature of the cooling water bypassed by the temperature increase heat exchanger 110, and then the heat exchanger heat exchanger 120. By transporting to the side will be able to effectively prevent the generation of white smoke.

또한, 지역난방에 사용되는 고온의 온수를 감습열교환기(120)에서 외부로 배출되는 공기를 승온시키기 위한 열원으로 사용함으로써 열원비용을 저감할 수 있음은 물론, 버려지는 폐열을 활용하여 냉각수의 일부를 우회시켜 가열함으로써 에너지 자원을 효율적으로 사용할 수 있게 된다.In addition, by using a high temperature hot water used for district heating as a heat source for raising the temperature of the air discharged from the humidification heat exchanger 120 to the outside, the heat source cost can be reduced, and part of the cooling water using waste heat discarded. By bypassing and heating, energy resources can be efficiently used.

한편, 본 발명의 승온식 백연방지시스템(100a,100b,100c,100d)은 열공급원(10)으로부터 승온열교환기(110) 측으로 열원을 우회시키는 열원공급관(142) 및 열원리턴관(141) 중 어느 일측과, 고온냉각수공급관(131), 살수부(52a)에 연결되는 고온냉각수유입관(58) 상에는 관로를 개폐시키는 제1,2,3조절밸브(151,152,153)가 각각 구비되어 유로를 제어하도록 한다.On the other hand, the temperature risen smoke prevention system of the present invention (100a, 100b, 100c, 100d) of the heat source supply pipe 142 and the heat source return tube 141 for bypassing the heat source from the heat source 10 to the temperature increase heat exchanger 110 side On one side and the hot coolant inlet pipe 58 connected to the hot coolant supply pipe 131 and the sprinkling part 52a, first, second and third control valves 151, 152 and 153 are provided to control the flow path. do.

이러한 제1,2,3조절밸브(151,152,153)는 별도로 마련되는 제어부(150)와 전기적으로 연결되어 상기 제어부(150)의 신호에 의해 작동이 제어되도록 한다. 이때, 상기 제어부(150)는 외기의 온도를 검출하거나 외기의 온도 및 습도를 검출하는 외기검출기(155)와 서로 전기적으로 연결된다.The first, second, and third control valves 151, 152, and 153 are electrically connected to the controller 150 separately provided so that the operation is controlled by the signal of the controller 150. At this time, the controller 150 is electrically connected to the outside air detector 155 for detecting the temperature of the outside air or for detecting the temperature and humidity of the outside air.

이에 따라, 상기 제어부(150)는 상기 외기검출기(155)에서 수집된 데이터, 즉 외기의 온도 및 습도를 기입력된 백연발생 온도 및 습도와 비교하여 상황에 맞게 상기 제1,2,3조절밸브(151,152,153)를 자동적으로 제어하게 된다.Accordingly, the controller 150 compares the data collected by the outside air detector 155, that is, the temperature and humidity of the outside air with the previously input white smoke generation temperature and humidity, to suit the situation. (151, 152, 153) will be controlled automatically.

여기서, 상기 외기검출기(155)는 온도만을 검출하는 온도검출기일 수도 있지만, 외기의 온도 및 습도를 동시에 검출하는 온습도검출기일 수도 있다.Here, the outside air detector 155 may be a temperature detector that detects only temperature, but may be a temperature and humidity detector that simultaneously detects temperature and humidity of the outside air.

즉, 외기 온도가 높아 냉각탑(50a,50b,50c,50d)에서 백연이 발생될 우려가 적은 경우에는 상기 제1조절밸브(151) 및 제2조절밸브(152)를 작동시켜 열원공급관(142) 및 고온냉각수공급관(131)을 폐쇄하여 냉각수가 살수부(52a)로 직접 유입되도록 함으로써 승온열교환기(110)에서 불필요한 열교환이 일어나지 않도록 한다. 또한, 외기의 온도 및 습도가 백연이 발생될 조건이지만 고온냉각수유입관(58)을 유동하는 냉각수 자체만으로 백연의 발생을 충분히 방지할 수 있는 경우에는 상기 제1조절밸브(151) 및 제3조절밸브(153)를 작동시켜 고온냉각수유입관(58)을 유동하는 냉각수가 감습열교환기(120) 측으로 우회하여 별도의 가열없이 냉각수 자체의 열원으로 배기구(54)를 통해 배출되는 공기를 가열하여 백연을 방지하도록 한다.That is, when the outside temperature is high and there is little possibility that white smoke is generated in the cooling towers 50a, 50b, 50c, and 50d, the first control valve 151 and the second control valve 152 are operated to heat the heat supply pipe 142. And by closing the high temperature cooling water supply pipe 131 so that the cooling water flows directly into the sprinkling portion (52a) to prevent unnecessary heat exchange in the temperature rising heat exchanger (110). In addition, although the temperature and humidity of the outside air is a condition that white smoke will be generated, the first control valve 151 and the third control when the generation of white smoke can be sufficiently prevented only by the cooling water itself flowing through the hot coolant inlet pipe 58. By operating the valve 153, the coolant flowing through the high temperature coolant inlet pipe 58 bypasses the humidifying heat exchanger 120 side, thereby heating the air discharged through the exhaust port 54 to the heat source of the coolant itself without additional heating, thereby producing white lead. To prevent it.

그리고, 외기의 온도가 낮아 냉각탑(50a,50b,50c,50d)에서 백연이 발생될 우려가 높은 경우에는 상기 제1조절밸브(151) 및 제2조절밸브(152)를 작동시켜 승온열교환기(110) 측으로 냉각수와 열공급원의 온수를 각각 우회시켜 냉각수가 온수와의 열교환을 통해 승온된 후 감습열교환기(120) 측으로 이동되도록 하여 백연의 발생을 효과적으로 방지하는 것이다.
When the outside air temperature is low and there is a high possibility that white smoke is generated in the cooling towers 50a, 50b, 50c, and 50d, the first control valve 151 and the second control valve 152 may be operated to increase the temperature of the heat exchanger. When the outside air temperature is low and there is a high possibility that white smoke is generated in the cooling towers 50a, 50b, 50c, and 50d, the first control valve 151 and the second control valve 152 may be operated to increase the temperature of the heat exchanger. By bypassing the hot water of the cooling water and the heat supply to the side 110, respectively, the cooling water is heated through the heat exchange with the hot water and then moved to the humidification heat exchanger 120 side to effectively prevent the occurrence of white lead. By bypassing the hot water of the cooling water and the heat supply to the side 110, respectively, the cooling water is heated through the heat exchange with the hot water and then moved to the humidification heat exchanger 120 side to effectively prevent the occurrence of white lead.

상기에서 본 발명의 특정 실시예를 도면을 참조하여 상세히 설명하였지만 본 발명의 권리범위를 이에 한정하는 것은 아니며 당업자가 이하의 특허청구범위에 기재된 본 발명의 사상 및 영역을 벗어나지 않는 범위 내에서 다양하게 수정 및 변경할 수 있으며 그러한 변형은 명백히 본 발명의 권리범위에 속함을 밝혀둔다.Although specific embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail above with reference to the drawings, the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and various modifications can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention as set forth in the claims below. Modifications and variations are possible and such variations are expressly within the scope of the present invention.

10 : 열공급원 21 : 리턴관
22 : 공급관 30 : 열원사용설비
50a,50b,50c,50d : 냉각탑
51 : 케이싱 52a,52b : 살수부
53 : 급기구 54 : 배기구
55 : 집수조 56 : 엘리미네이터
57,57' :냉각수유출관 58,58' : 고온냉각수유입관
59 : 연결관 60 : 냉난방설비
70a,70b : 송풍팬 80a,80b : 열교환부
90 : 열교환기
100a,100b,100c,100d : 승온식 백연방지시스템
110 : 승온열교환기 120 : 감습열교환기
121 : 핀튜브(전열관) 122 : 유입헤더
123 : 유출헤더 124 : 하우징
125 : 확대부 126 : 플랜지
131 : 고온냉각수공급관 132 : 승온온수유입관
133 : 승온온수유출관 141 : 열원리턴관
142 : 열원공급관 150 : 제어부
151, 152, 153 : 제1,2,3조절밸브
155 : 외기검출기
10: heat source 21: return pipe
22: supply pipe 30: heat source equipment
50a, 50b, 50c, 50d: cooling tower
51 casing 52a, 52b water spray 51 casing 52a, 52b water spray
53: air supply port 54: exhaust port 53: air supply port 54: exhaust port
55: sump 56: eliminator 55: sump 56: eliminator
57,57 ': Coolant water inflow pipe 58,58': High temperature coolant inflow pipe 57,57': Coolant water inflow pipe 58,58': High temperature coolant inflow pipe
59: connector 60: air conditioning equipment 59: connector 60: air conditioning equipment
70a, 70b: Blowing fan 80a, 80b: Heat exchanger 70a, 70b: Blowing fan 80a, 80b: Heat exchanger
90: heat exchanger 90: heat exchanger
100a, 100b, 100c, 100d: Temperature-based Smoke Prevention System 100a, 100b, 100c, 100d: Temperature-based Smoke Prevention System
110: temperature increase heat exchanger 120: humidity heat exchanger 110: temperature increase heat exchanger 120: humidity heat exchanger
121: fin tube (heat pipe) 122: inflow header 121: fin tube (heat pipe) 122: inflow header
123: outflow header 124: housing 123: outflow header 124: housing
125: enlarged portion 126: flange 125: enlarged portion 126: flange
131: high temperature cooling water supply pipe 132: elevated temperature hot water inlet pipe 131: high temperature cooling water supply pipe 132: elevated temperature hot water inlet pipe
133: elevated temperature outflow pipe 141: heat source return pipe 133: elevated temperature outflow pipe 141: heat source return pipe
142: heat source supply pipe 150: control unit 142: heat source supply pipe 150: control unit
151, 152, 153: 1st, 2nd, 3rd control valve 151, 152, 153: 1st, 2nd, 3rd control valve
155: outdoor detector 155: outdoor detector

Claims (5)

  1. 급기영역 및 배기영역과 열교환영역을 형성하는 케이싱(51)과, 상기 급기영역에 형성된 급기구(53)와, 상기 배기영역에 형성된 배기구(54)와, 상기 열교환영역에 배치되는 열교환부(80a, 80b, 80a')와, 상기 열교환부(80a, 80b, 80a')의 상부에 마련되는 살수부(52a, 52b)와, 송풍팬(70a)과 상기 송풍팬(70a)을 구동하는 모터를 구성하는 송풍팬부와, 상기 열교환부(80a)의 하부에 구성되는 집수조(55)를 포함하는 냉각탑(50a, 50b, 50c, 50d);
    상기 배기구에 설치된 감습열교환기(120);
    상기 집수조(55)와 냉난방설비(60)를 연결하여, 상기 집수조(55)에 집수된 냉각수를 상기 냉난방설비(60)에 공급하는 냉각수유출관(57);
    상기 냉난방설비(60)와 상기 살수부(52a, 52b)를 연결하여, 상기 냉난방설비(60)에서 토출된 냉각수를 상기 살수부(52a, 52b)로 공급하는 고온냉각수유입관(58); A high-temperature cooling water inlet pipe 58 for connecting the cooling and heating facility 60 and the sprinkling units 52a and 52b to supply the cooling water discharged from the cooling and heating facility 60 to the sprinkling units 52a and 52b;
    상기 고온냉각수유입관(58)에서 분기된 고온냉각수공급관(131); A high-temperature cooling water supply pipe 131 branched from the high-temperature cooling water inlet pipe 58;
    상기 고온냉각수공급관(131)에 공급된 냉각수에 열을 가하기 위해, 별도의 열공급원(10)과 열교환을 하도록 하는 승온열교환기(110); In order to apply heat to the cooling water supplied to the high-temperature cooling water supply pipe 131, a heating heat exchanger 110 for exchanging heat with a separate heat supply source 10;
    상기 승온열교환기(110)와 상기 감습열교환기(120)를 연결하는 승온온수유입관(132); A heated water inlet pipe 132 connecting the heated heat exchanger 110 and the humidity sensitive heat exchanger 120; And
    상기 승온온수유입관(132)과 상기 살수부(52a, 52b)를 연결하는 승온온수유출관(133); A heated water outlet pipe 133 connecting the heated water inlet pipe 132 and the sprinkling portion 52a, 52b;
    을 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 승온식 백연방지시스템. Heating type white smoke prevention system comprising a.
    A casing 51 forming an air supply area and an exhaust area and a heat exchange area, an air supply port 53 formed in the air supply area, an exhaust port 54 formed in the exhaust area, and a heat exchanger 80a disposed in the heat exchange area. A casing 51 forming an air supply area and an exhaust area and a heat exchange area, an air supply port 53 formed in the air supply area, an exhaust port 54 formed in the exhaust area, and a heat exchanger 80a disposed in the heat exchange area. , 80b and 80a ', the spraying parts 52a and 52b provided above the heat exchange parts 80a, 80b and 80a', a blower fan 70a and a motor for driving the blower fan 70a. , 80b and 80a', the spraying parts 52a and 52b provided above the heat exchange parts 80a, 80b and 80a', a blower fan 70a and a motor for driving the blower fan 70a. Cooling tower (50a, 50b, 50c, 50d) comprising a blower fan constituting and a water collecting tank (55) formed under the heat exchange unit (80a); Cooling tower (50a, 50b, 50c, 50d) comprising a blower fan constituting and a water collecting tank (55) formed under the heat exchange unit (80a);
    A moisture heat exchanger (120) installed in the exhaust port; A moisture heat exchanger (120) installed in the exhaust port;
    A cooling water outlet pipe 57 connecting the water collecting tank 55 and the cooling and heating facility 60 to supply the cooling water collected in the water collecting tank 55 to the cooling and heating facility 60; A cooling water outlet pipe 57 connecting the water collecting tank 55 and the cooling and heating facility 60 to supply the cooling water collected in the water collecting tank 55 to the cooling and heating facility 60;
    A high temperature coolant inflow pipe 58 connecting the cooling and heating facilities 60 and the watering units 52a and 52b to supply the cooling water discharged from the cooling and heating units 60 to the watering units 52a and 52b; A high temperature coolant inflow pipe 58 connecting the cooling and heating facilities 60 and the watering units 52a and 52b to supply the cooling water discharged from the cooling and heating units 60 to the watering units 52a and 52b;
    A high temperature coolant supply pipe 131 branched from the high temperature coolant inlet pipe 58; A high temperature coolant supply pipe 131 branched from the high temperature coolant inlet pipe 58;
    A heat exchanging heat exchanger (110) for exchanging heat with a separate heat supply source (10) to apply heat to the cooling water supplied to the high temperature cooling water supply pipe (131); A heat exchanging heat exchanger (110) for exchanging heat with a separate heat supply source (10) to apply heat to the cooling water supplied to the high temperature cooling water supply pipe (131);
    A temperature warming water inlet pipe 132 connecting the temperature rising heat exchanger 110 and the humidifying heat exchanger 120; A temperature warming water inlet pipe 132 connecting the temperature rising heat exchanger 110 and the humidifying heat exchanger 120; And And
    A heated warm water outlet pipe 133 connecting the heated warm water inlet pipe 132 and the watering parts 52a and 52b; A heated warm water outlet pipe 133 connecting the heated warm water inlet pipe 132 and the watering parts 52a and 52b;
    A raised temperature smoke prevention system comprising a. A raised temperature smoke prevention system comprising a.
  2. 제 1항에 있어서,
    상기 고온냉각수공급관(131)에 설치된 제2조절밸브(152); A second control valve 152 installed in the high-temperature cooling water supply pipe 131;
    를 더 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 승온식 백연방지시스템. Heating type white smoke prevention system, characterized in that it further comprises.
    The method of claim 1, The method of claim 1,
    A second control valve 152 installed at the high temperature cooling water supply pipe 131; A second control valve 152 installed at the high temperature cooling water supply pipe 131;
    Elevated smoke prevention system characterized in that it further comprises. Elevated smoke prevention system characterized in that it further comprises.
  3. 제 2 항에 있어서,
    상기 고온냉각수유입관(58)과 상기 살수부(52a, 52b) 사이에 설치된 제 3 조절밸브(153);
    를 더 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 승온식 백연방지시스템.
    The method of claim 2,
    A third control valve 153 installed between the high temperature coolant inlet pipe 58 and the sprinkling parts 52a and 52b;
    Elevated smoke prevention system characterized in that it further comprises.
  4. 제 2 항 또는 제 3 항에 있어서,
    상기 제 2 조절밸브(152)를 제어하는 제어부(150);
    를 더 포함하고,
    상기 제어부(150)는, 상기 감습열교환기(120)로부터 유출되는 승온온수의 온도(t2)가 상기 고온냉각수유입관(58)을 통해 유입되는 고온냉각수의 온도(t1)와 같거나 낮도록 제어하는 것을 특징으로 하는 승온식 백연방지시스템.
    The method according to claim 2 or 3,
    A controller 150 for controlling the second control valve 152;
    Further comprising:
    The controller 150 controls the temperature t2 of the elevated temperature hot water flowing out of the humidifying heat exchanger 120 to be equal to or lower than the temperature t1 of the high temperature coolant introduced through the high temperature coolant inflow pipe 58. A raised temperature smoke prevention system, characterized in that.
  5. 제 1 항 내지 제 3 항 중 어느 한 항에 있어서,
    상기 감습열교환기(120)는,
    상기 승온온수유입관(132)과 상기 승온온수유출관(133)이 연결된 핀튜브(121); 및
    상기 핀튜브(121)가 고정되며, 상기 배기구에 결합되는 플랜지(126)가 형성된 하우징(124);
    을 포함하고,
    상기 하우징(124)은 상기 플랜지(126)에서 상기 핀튜브(121)가 결합된 부위로 갈수록, 면적이 넓어지는 확대부(125)를 구비하여, 상기 핀튜브(121)에 유동하는 배기 저항을 감소시킨 것을 특징으로 하는 승온식 백연방지시스템.
    The method according to any one of claims 1 to 3,
    The moisture heat exchanger 120,
    A fin tube 121 to which the elevated temperature warm water inlet pipe 132 and the elevated temperature warm water outlet pipe 133 are connected; And
    A housing 124 to which the fin tube 121 is fixed and having a flange 126 coupled to the exhaust port; A housing 124 to which the fin tube 121 is fixed and having a flange 126 coupled to the exhaust port;
    Including, Including,
    The housing 124 is provided with an enlarged portion 125 in which an area becomes wider from the flange 126 to the portion where the fin tube 121 is coupled, thereby providing exhaust resistance flowing through the fin tube 121. Elevated smoke prevention system, characterized in that reduced. The housing 124 is provided with an enlarged portion 125 in which an area becomes wider from the flange 126 to the portion where the fin tube 121 is coupled, thereby providing exhaust resistance flowing through the fin tube 121.Elevated smoke prevention system, characterized in that reduced.
KR1020110078667A 2011-08-08 2011-08-08 System for preventing generation of white plume KR101102827B1 (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101250560B1 (en) 2012-07-13 2013-04-03 주식회사 성지공조기술 Method for controlling cooling tower
KR101312047B1 (en) * 2012-02-13 2013-09-25 (주)에코타워 Equipment of plume abatement using forced heating of cooling tower
KR101425884B1 (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-08-01 (주)와이엠테크 White plume preventing device using hot air mixing and cooling tower with the same
CN104457394A (en) * 2013-09-23 2015-03-25 山东能源机械集团大族再制造有限公司 Temperature-control water cooling system
CN104567454A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-29 常熟市第二热电有限公司 Thermal power plant cooling system
KR101553550B1 (en) * 2015-03-27 2015-09-16 주식회사 성지공조기술 White plume preventing system using cooling and dehumidifying and preventing method for white plume using it
KR101825639B1 (en) * 2016-06-27 2018-02-05 삼성엔지니어링 주식회사 Method and apparatus for abating plume generated from cooling tower, and cooling facility having the apparatus
US9920997B2 (en) 2014-03-25 2018-03-20 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Cooling apparatus and system including the same
CN109141057A (en) * 2018-06-29 2019-01-04 北京百度网讯科技有限公司 A kind of Phase cooling tower and refrigerating method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06323761A (en) * 1993-05-17 1994-11-25 Tada Denki Kk Closed cooling tower

Patent Citations (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06323761A (en) * 1993-05-17 1994-11-25 Tada Denki Kk Closed cooling tower

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101312047B1 (en) * 2012-02-13 2013-09-25 (주)에코타워 Equipment of plume abatement using forced heating of cooling tower
KR101250560B1 (en) 2012-07-13 2013-04-03 주식회사 성지공조기술 Method for controlling cooling tower
CN104457394A (en) * 2013-09-23 2015-03-25 山东能源机械集团大族再制造有限公司 Temperature-control water cooling system
US9920997B2 (en) 2014-03-25 2018-03-20 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Cooling apparatus and system including the same
KR101425884B1 (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-08-01 (주)와이엠테크 White plume preventing device using hot air mixing and cooling tower with the same
CN104567454A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-29 常熟市第二热电有限公司 Thermal power plant cooling system
KR101553550B1 (en) * 2015-03-27 2015-09-16 주식회사 성지공조기술 White plume preventing system using cooling and dehumidifying and preventing method for white plume using it
KR101825639B1 (en) * 2016-06-27 2018-02-05 삼성엔지니어링 주식회사 Method and apparatus for abating plume generated from cooling tower, and cooling facility having the apparatus
CN109141057A (en) * 2018-06-29 2019-01-04 北京百度网讯科技有限公司 A kind of Phase cooling tower and refrigerating method

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