KR101090376B1 - Heating system by solar energy - Google Patents

Heating system by solar energy Download PDF

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KR101090376B1
KR101090376B1 KR1020110077547A KR20110077547A KR101090376B1 KR 101090376 B1 KR101090376 B1 KR 101090376B1 KR 1020110077547 A KR1020110077547 A KR 1020110077547A KR 20110077547 A KR20110077547 A KR 20110077547A KR 101090376 B1 KR101090376 B1 KR 101090376B1
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
distribution pipe
heating
heat storage
circuit
solar heating
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KR1020110077547A
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Korean (ko)
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김종복
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김종복
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D3/00Hot-water central heating systems
    • F24D3/005Hot-water central heating systems combined with solar energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D3/00Hot-water central heating systems
    • F24D3/02Hot-water central heating systems with forced circulation, e.g. by pumps
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D3/00Hot-water central heating systems
    • F24D3/10Feed-line arrangements, e.g. providing for heat-accumulator tanks, expansion tanks Hydraulic components of a central heating system
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D2200/00Heat sources or energy sources
    • F24D2200/14Solar energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D2220/00Components of central heating installations excluding heat sources
    • F24D2220/02Fluid distribution means
    • F24D2220/0207Pumps
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D2220/00Components of central heating installations excluding heat sources
    • F24D2220/04Sensors
    • F24D2220/042Temperature sensors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D2220/00Components of central heating installations excluding heat sources
    • F24D2220/08Storage tanks
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

PURPOSE: A heating system by solar energy is provided to improve efficiency of solar energy by installing a solar energy heating plate, a distribution pipe, a heat storage tank and a boiler. CONSTITUTION: A heating system by solar energy comprises a solar energy heating circuit, a room heating circuit and a heat storage circuit. The solar energy heating circuit heats the fluid, discharged from the supply distribution pipe(20), by using a solar energy heating plate(10). The solar energy heating circuit returns to a recollecting distribution pipe(21). The room heating circuit returns to the recollecting distribution pipe or the supply distribution pipe. An electric valve(22) is installed on the place where three strands of a pipe meet with the recollecting distribution pipe.

Description

태양열 난방시스템{HEATING SYSTEM BY SOLAR ENERGY}Solar Heating System {HEATING SYSTEM BY SOLAR ENERGY}
본발명은 태양열 난방시스템에 관한 것으로, 보다 상세하게는 태양열가열판, 분배관, 축열탱크 및 보일러를 설치하여 태양열 에너지를 이용하여 난방하는 태양열 난방시스템에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a solar heating system, and more particularly to a solar heating system for heating by using solar energy by installing a solar heating plate, distribution pipe, heat storage tank and boiler.
지구의 에너지는 시간이 갈수록 고갈되는 추세이고, 특히 석탄이나 석유와 같은 화석에너지 자원이 산업화와 도시화에 따라서 급속히 고갈되는 실정이다.Earth's energy is depleted with time, and fossil energy resources such as coal and oil are rapidly depleted in accordance with industrialization and urbanization.
따라서 상기 화석에너지를 대체할 수 있는 대체에너지가 개발되었고, 그중 태양에너지를 이용한 난방시스템이 다양하게 개발되어 왔다.     Therefore, alternative energy to replace the fossil energy has been developed, among which a heating system using solar energy has been variously developed.
일례로서, 공개특허공보 공개번호 10-2011-0079035호(공개일자 2011년07월07일)에는, 집열수단과, 상기 집열수단에서 흡수한 태양에너지를 저장하도록 상기 집열수단의 일측에 배설된 축열탱크와, 급탕 및 난방시에 부족한 열량을 보충하는 보일러와,온수를 급탕하도록 상기 축열탱크와 보일러를 통과하는 급탕관을 구비한 태양열 온난방장치에 있어서, 난방하도록 그 내부에 열매체가 흐르는 난방관이 상기 집열수단과 축열탱크와 상기 보일러와;상기 축열탱크의 내부에는 급탕 또는 난방을 위한 태양열 에너지가 부족할 시에 야간에 값싼 심야전기를 이용하여 에너지를 공급하도록 히터가 배설되어 있는 것을 특징으로 하는 태양광 집열수단과 보일러열원 상호 보완 스위칭 시스템이 공개되어 있다.     As an example, Korean Laid-Open Patent Publication No. 10-2011-0079035 (published on July 07, 2011) includes heat storage means and heat storage disposed on one side of the heat collecting means to store solar energy absorbed by the heat collecting means. A solar heating and heating apparatus having a tank, a boiler for replenishing insufficient heat during hot water supply and heating, and a hot water supply pipe passing through the heat storage tank and a boiler to supply hot water, wherein the heating tube has a heat medium flowing therein for heating. The heat collecting means, the heat storage tank and the boiler; and the heater is provided in the heat storage tank to supply energy by using a cheap night electricity at night when there is insufficient solar energy for hot water supply or heating. A solar heat collecting means and a boiler heat source complementary switching system are disclosed.
또한, 공개실용신안공보 공개번호 실1999-012880호(공개일자 1999년04월15일)에는 태양열을 집열하는 집열판과 집열판의 내부에 배열되며, 축열재가 충전되는 가열 파이프와, 가열 파이프가 통과되며 온수를 가열시키는 열교환기와, 열교환기를 통과한 가열 파이프가 방바닥의 난방 파이프에 연결되고 난방 파이프를 거친 열매체가 펌프에 의하여 집열판내로 강제 회수되는 태양열 장치에 있어서, 상기 열교환기를 통과한 가열 파이프를 기름 보일러의 축열재탱크에 연결시키고, 축열재탱크의 출 측의 가열 파이프는 방바닥의 난방 파이프에 연결시키며, 상기 보일러의 축열탱크 내부에 심야 전기를 에너지로 발열하는 전기히터를 설치시키고, 집열판으로부터 열교환기에 연결되는 공급 라인과 방바닥의 난방 파이프로부터 집열판에 연결되는 회수 라인과의 사이에 피드백라인을 설치시키고, 상기 집열판 내부에 배열되는 가열 파이프와, 보일러의 축열재탱크 내부와, 방바닥에 배열되는 난방 파이프에 각 부위의 온도를 감지하는 제1, 제2, 제3의 온도감지센서를 각각 설치시키고, 상기 집열판으로부터 상기 피드백라인 연결부위 사이의 공급 라인에 제1온도감지센서에 의하여 제어되는 제1전자 밸브를 설치시키고, 피드백라인에도 제1온도감지센서에 의하여 제어되는 제2전자밸브를 설치시켜 구성되는 것이 공개되어 있다.     In addition, Korean Utility Model Publication No. 1999-012880 (published April 15, 1999) is arranged inside a heat collecting plate and a heat collecting plate that collects solar heat, and a heating pipe filled with a heat storage material and a heating pipe pass therethrough. And a heat exchanger for heating hot water, and a heat pipe passing through the heat exchanger to a heating pipe on the floor, and a heat medium passing through the heating pipe forcibly recovered into the heat collecting plate by a pump. Connected to the heat storage tank of the boiler, the heating pipe on the outlet side of the heat storage tank is connected to the heating pipe of the floor, install an electric heater to heat the night-time electricity as energy inside the heat storage tank of the boiler, heat exchange from the heat collecting plate Between the supply line connected to the machine and the recovery line connected to the heat collecting plate from the heating pipe of the floor First, second, and third temperatures for providing a feedback line therebetween and sensing the temperature of each part of the heating pipe arranged inside the heat collecting plate, the heat storage tank of the boiler, and the heating pipe arranged on the floor. And a first solenoid valve controlled by a first temperature sensing sensor in a supply line between the heat collecting plate and the feedback line connecting portion, and also controlled by the first temperature sensing sensor in the feedback line. It is disclosed that a two solenoid valve is provided.
그러나 상기와 같은 종래의 태양열난방시스템은 모두 조작이 복잡하고, 설치비가 고가이며, 또한 태양열에너지의 효율성이 상대적으로 크지 않다는 단점이 있었다.     However, the conventional solar heating system as described above has the disadvantages that the operation is complicated, the installation cost is expensive, and the efficiency of the solar energy is not relatively large.
따라서 본발명은 상기와 같은 문제점을 해결하고자 안출된 것으로서, 태양열가열판, 분배관, 축열탱크 및 보일러를 설치하여, 조작이 간단하고, 설치비가 저렴하며, 또한 태양열에너지의 효율성이 큰 태양열난방시스템을 제공하고자 하는 것이다.Therefore, the present invention has been made to solve the above problems, by installing a solar heating plate, distribution pipe, heat storage tank and boiler, a solar heating system that is simple to operate, low installation cost, and high efficiency of solar energy. It is to provide.
본발명은 태양열난방시스템에 관한 것으로, 공급분배관(20)에서 나온 유체가 태양열가열판(10)에서 가열된 후, 회수분배관(21)으로 돌아오는 태양열가열회로와; 공급분배관(20) 또는 회수분배관(21)에서 나온 유체가 방(30)으로 인입되어 방(30)을 가열한 후, 다시 회수분배관(21) 또는 공급분배관(20)으로 되돌아오는 방가열회로와; 회수분배관(21)에서 나온 유체가 축열탱크(40)를 거친 후 공급분배관(20)으로 되돌아오는 축열회로;를 포함하는 것을 특징으로 한다.The present invention relates to a solar heating system comprising: a solar heating circuit returning to a recovery distribution pipe (21) after the fluid from the supply distribution pipe (20) is heated in the solar heating plate (10); The room heating which flows from the supply distribution pipe 20 or the recovery distribution pipe 21 to the room 30, heats the room 30, and then returns to the recovery distribution pipe 21 or the supply distribution pipe 20 again. Circuits; It is characterized in that it comprises a; heat storage circuit is returned to the supply distribution pipe 20 after the fluid from the recovery distribution pipe 21 passes through the heat storage tank (40).
본발명은 태양열가열판, 분배관, 축열탱크 및 보일러를 설치하여, 조작이 간단하고, 설치비가 저렴하며, 또한 태양열에너지의 효율성이 크다는 현저한 효과가 있다.The present invention has a remarkable effect of installing a solar heating plate, a distribution pipe, a heat storage tank, and a boiler, so that the operation is simple, the installation cost is low, and the efficiency of solar energy is high.
도 1은 본발명 태양열난방시스템 전체계통도
도 2는 본발명 태양열난방시스템 직접난방과정 계통도
도 3은 본발명 태양열난방시스템 축열과정 계통도
도 4는 본발명 태양열난방시스템 심야난방과정 계통도
도 5는 본발명 태양열난방시스템 분배관 전동밸브 설치도
도 6은 본발명 태양열난방시스템 분배관 사진
도 7은 본발명 태양열난방시스템 축열탱크 사진
1 is a schematic diagram of a solar heating system according to the present invention.
Figure 2 is a schematic diagram of the direct heating process of the solar heating system of the present invention
Figure 3 is a schematic diagram of heat storage process of solar heating system of the present invention
4 is a schematic diagram of a midnight heating process according to the present invention.
5 is a view illustrating the installation of the electric heating valve of the solar heating system of the present invention
6 is a photo of the solar heating system distribution pipe of the present invention
Figure 7 is a solar heating system heat storage tank picture of the present invention
본발명은 태양열난방시스템에 관한 것으로, 공급분배관(20)에서 나온 유체가 태양열가열판(10)에서 가열된 후, 회수분배관(21)으로 돌아오는 태양열가열회로와; 공급분배관(20) 또는 회수분배관(21)에서 나온 유체가 방(30)으로 인입되어 방(30)을 가열한 후, 다시 회수분배관(21) 또는 공급분배관(20)으로 되돌아오는 방가열회로와; 회수분배관(21)에서 나온 유체가 축열탱크(40)를 거친 후 공급분배관(20)으로 되돌아오는 축열회로;를 포함하는 것을 특징으로 한다.The present invention relates to a solar heating system comprising: a solar heating circuit returning to a recovery distribution pipe (21) after the fluid from the supply distribution pipe (20) is heated in the solar heating plate (10); The room heating which flows from the supply distribution pipe 20 or the recovery distribution pipe 21 to the room 30, heats the room 30, and then returns to the recovery distribution pipe 21 or the supply distribution pipe 20 again. Circuits; It is characterized in that it comprises a; heat storage circuit is returned to the supply distribution pipe 20 after the fluid from the recovery distribution pipe 21 passes through the heat storage tank (40).
또한, 직접난방과정의 경우, 태양열가열회로와 방가열회로만을 열어둔 채, 축열회로는 닫으며 태양열가열회로에 설치된 순환펌프 1(51)이 가동되는 것으로, 태양열가열회로를 통하여 공급분배관(20)에서 나온 유체가 태양열가열판(10)에서 가열된 후, 회수분배관(21)으로 돌아오게 되며, 축열회로를 통하여 회수분배관(21)에서 나온 유체가 방(30)으로 인입되어 방(30)을 가열한 후, 다시 공급분배관(20)으로 되돌아오게 되는 것을 특징으로 한다.     In addition, in the case of the direct heating process, the circulation pump 1 (51) installed in the solar heating circuit is operated while only the solar heating circuit and the heating circuit are open, and the heat storage circuit is closed. After the fluid from the heat is heated in the solar heating plate 10, it is returned to the recovery distribution pipe 21, the fluid from the recovery distribution pipe 21 is introduced into the room 30 through the heat storage circuit (30) ) Is heated, and then back to the supply distribution pipe 20.
또한, 축열과정의 경우, 태양열가열회로를 열고, 방가열회로는 닫으며, 축열회로는 열어두되 태양열가열회로에 설치된 순환펌프 1(51) 및 축열회로에 설치된 순환펌프 2(52)가 가동되는 것으로, 태양열가열회로를 통하여 공급분배관(20)에서 나온 유체가 태양열가열판(10)에서 가열된 후, 회수분배관(21)으로 돌아오며, 축열회로를 통하여 회수분배관(21)에서 나온 유체가 축열탱크(40)를 거친 후 공급분배관(20)으로 되돌아오게 되는 것을 특징으로 한다.     In addition, in the heat storage process, the solar heating circuit is opened, the heating circuit is closed, and the heat storage circuit is opened, but the circulation pump 1 (51) installed in the solar heating circuit and the circulation pump 2 (52) installed in the heat storage circuit are operated. After that, the fluid from the supply distribution pipe 20 through the solar heating circuit is heated in the solar heating plate 10, and then returned to the recovery distribution pipe 21, the fluid from the recovery distribution pipe 21 through the heat storage circuit After the heat storage tank 40 is characterized in that the return to the supply distribution pipe (20).
또한, 심야난방과정의 경우, 태양열가열회로는 닫고, 방가열회로는 열며, 축열회로도 열어두며 축열회로에 설치된 순환펌프 2(52)가 가동되는 것으로, 방가열회로를 통하여 공급분배관(20)에서 나온 유체가 방(30)으로 인입되어 방(30)을 가열한 후, 다시 회수분배관(21)으로 되돌아오며, 방가열회로를 통하여 회수분배관(21)에서 나온 유체가 축열탱크(40)를 거친 후 공급분배관(20)으로 되돌아오게 되는 것을 특징으로 한다.     In addition, in the case of the late-night heating process, the solar heating circuit is closed, the heating circuit is opened, the heat storage circuit is also open and the circulation pump 2 (52) installed in the heat storage circuit is operated, and in the supply distribution pipe (20) through the heating circuit. After the fluid is introduced into the room 30 and the room 30 is heated, the fluid is returned to the recovery distribution pipe 21 again, and the fluid from the recovery distribution pipe 21 is passed through the heating circuit to store the heat storage tank 40. After passing through is characterized in that the return to the supply distribution pipe (20).
또한, 심야난방과정의 경우, 일정시간 동안 축열탱크(40)의 온도가 정해진 온도에 도달하지 않거나, 또는 방(30)의 온도가 정해진 온도에 도달하지 않거나, 또는 공급분배관(20) 직전의 배관의 온도가 정해진 온도에 도달하지 않을 경우, 축열탱크(40)에 직렬로 연결된 보일러(60)를 추가로 가동하는 것을 특징으로 한다.     In addition, in the case of the late-night heating process, the temperature of the heat storage tank 40 does not reach a predetermined temperature for a predetermined time, or the temperature of the room 30 does not reach a predetermined temperature, or the pipe immediately before the supply distribution pipe 20 If the temperature does not reach a predetermined temperature, it is characterized in that for further operating the boiler 60 connected in series to the heat storage tank (40).
그리고 직접난방과정중 방(30)의 온도가 26℃가 되면, 동작신호가 작동하여 축열과정으로 전환되며 순환펌프 1, 2(51, 52)가 작동되는 것을 특징으로 한다.     And when the temperature of the room 30 is 26 ℃ during the direct heating process, the operation signal is switched to the heat storage process, characterized in that the circulation pump 1, 2 (51, 52) is operated.
그리고 축열과정중 태양이 떠서 태양열가열회로의 온도가 65℃가 되면, 동작신호가 작동하여 직접난방과정으로 전환되며 순환펌프 1(51)이 작동되는 것을 특징으로 한다.     When the temperature of the solar heating circuit rises to 65 ° C. during the heat storage process, the operation signal is switched to the direct heating process, and the circulation pump 1 (51) is operated.
또한, 상기 회수분배관(21)에는 태양열가열회로, 방가열회로, 및 축열회로를 구성하는 3 가닥의 배관들이 각각 연결되되, 상기 3가닥의 배관이 회수분배관(21)과 각각 연결되는 곳에는 전동밸브가 각각 설치되어 있어서, 제어기의 온, 오프 신호에 의해 전동밸브의 유로를 각각 열거나 차단하는 것을 특징으로 한다.     In addition, each of the three pipes constituting the solar heating circuit, the heating heating circuit, and the heat storage circuit is connected to the recovery distribution pipe 21, where the three strands of pipes are connected to the recovery distribution pipe 21, respectively. Each of the electric valve is installed, characterized in that for opening or closing the flow path of the electric valve, respectively by the on, off signal of the controller.
또한, 상기 태양열가열회로 및 축열회로가 공급분배관(20)과 각각 연결되는 곳에는 첵크밸브가 각각 설치되되, 상기 태양열가열회로가 공급분배관(20)과 연결되는 곳의 첵크밸브는 유체가 공급분배관(20)에서 태양열가열판(10)쪽으로만 흐르게 설치되며, 축열회로가 공급분배관(20)과 연결되는 곳에는 유체가 축열탱크(40) 및 기름보일러(60)에서 공급분배관(20)쪽으로만 흐르게 설치되는 것을 특징으로 한다.     In addition, where the solar heating circuit and the heat storage circuit are connected to the supply distribution pipe 20, respectively, a check valve is installed, and the check valve where the solar heating circuit is connected to the supply distribution pipe 20 has a fluid supply distribution pipe. (20) is installed to flow only toward the solar heating plate 10, where the heat storage circuit is connected to the supply distribution pipe 20 so that fluid flows only from the heat storage tank 40 and the oil boiler (60) toward the supply distribution pipe (20). It is characterized by being installed.
또한, 상기 기름보일러(60)에는 순환펌프가 내부 또는 외부에 설치되는 것을 특징으로 한다.
In addition, the oil boiler 60 is characterized in that the circulation pump is installed inside or outside.
본발명을 첨부도면에 의해 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다. 도 1은 본발명 태양열난방시스템 전체계통도, 도 2는 본발명 태양열난방시스템 직접난방과정 계통도, 도 3은 본발명 태양열난방시스템 축열과정 계통도, 도 4는 본발명 태양열난방시스템 심야난방과정 계통도, 도 5는 본발명 태양열난방시스템 분배관 전동밸브 설치도, 도 6은 본발명 태양열난방시스템 분배관 사진, 도 7은 본발명 태양열난방시스템 축열탱크 사진이다.
The present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. 1 is a schematic diagram of a solar heating system according to the present invention, FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a direct heating process according to the present invention. FIG. 5 is a view illustrating the installation of the electric heating valve of the solar heating system distribution pipe of the present invention, FIG. 6 is a photo of the solar heating system distribution pipe of the present invention, and FIG.
본발명은 공급분배관(20)에서 나온 유체가 태양열가열판(10)에서 가열된 후, 회수분배관(21)으로 돌아오는 태양열가열회로를 구비한다. 그리고 공급분배관(20) 또는 회수분배관(21)에서 나온 유체가 방(30)으로 인입되어 방(30)을 가열한 후, 다시 회수분배관(21) 또는 공급분배관(20)으로 되돌아오는 방가열회로를 구비한다. 그리고 회수분배관(21)에서 나온 유체가 축열탱크(40)를 거친 후 공급분배관(20)으로 되돌아오는 축열회로;를 구비한다. 유체는 물을 사용한다.     The present invention includes a solar heating circuit in which the fluid from the supply distribution pipe (20) is heated in the solar heating plate (10) and then returned to the recovery distribution pipe (21). Then, the fluid from the supply distribution pipe 20 or the recovery distribution pipe 21 is introduced into the room 30 to heat the room 30, and then returns to the recovery distribution pipe 21 or the supply distribution pipe 20 again. A heating circuit is provided. And a heat storage circuit for returning the supply distribution pipe 20 after the fluid from the recovery distribution pipe 21 passes through the heat storage tank 40. The fluid uses water.
그러므로 직접난방과정의 경우, 태양열가열회로와 방가열회로만을 열어둔 채, 축열회로는 닫으며 태양열가열회로에 설치된 순환펌프 1(51)이 가동되게 된다. 상기 태양열가열회로를 통하여 공급분배관(20)에서 나온 유체가 태양열가열판(10)에서 가열된 후, 회수분배관(21)으로 돌아오게 되며, 방가열회로를 통하여 회수분배관(21)에서 나온 유체가 방(30)으로 인입되어 방(30)을 가열한 후, 다시 공급분배관(20)으로 되돌아오게 되는 것이다.     Therefore, in the case of the direct heating process, the heat storage circuit is closed with only the solar heating circuit and the room heating circuit open, and the circulation pump 1 (51) installed in the solar heating circuit is operated. After the fluid from the supply distribution pipe 20 is heated in the solar heating plate 10 through the solar heating circuit, the fluid is returned to the recovery distribution pipe 21 and the fluid from the recovery distribution pipe 21 through the heating circuit. After entering the room 30 and heating the room 30, it is returned to the supply distribution pipe 20 again.
또한, 축열과정의 경우, 태양열가열회로를 열고, 방가열회로는 닫으며, 축열회로는 열어두되 태양열가열회로에 설치된 순환펌프 1(51) 및 축열회로에 설치된 순환펌프 2(52)가 가동되게 된다. 상기 태양열가열회로를 통하여 공급분배관(20)에서 나온 유체가 태양열가열판(10)에서 가열된 후, 회수분배관(21)으로 돌아오며, 축열회로를 통하여 회수분배관(21)에서 나온 유체가 축열탱크(40)를 거친 후 공급분배관(20)으로 되돌아오게 되는 것이다.     In addition, in the heat storage process, the solar heating circuit is opened, the heating circuit is closed, and the heat storage circuit is opened, but the circulation pump 1 (51) installed in the solar heating circuit and the circulation pump 2 (52) installed in the heat storage circuit are operated. do. After the fluid from the supply distribution pipe 20 is heated in the solar heating plate 10 through the solar heating circuit, the fluid is returned to the recovery distribution pipe 21, and the fluid from the recovery distribution pipe 21 is regenerated through the heat storage circuit. After the tank 40 is to be returned to the supply distribution pipe (20).
또한, 심야난방과정의 경우, 태양열가열회로는 닫고, 방가열회로는 열며, 축열회로도 열어두며 축열회로에 설치된 순환펌프 2(52)가 가동되게 된다. 상기 방가열회로를 통하여 공급분배관(20)에서 나온 유체가 방(30)으로 인입되어 방(30)을 가열한 후, 다시 회수분배관(21)으로 되돌아오며, 축열회로를 통하여 회수분배관(21)에서 나온 유체가 축열탱크(40)를 거친 후 공급분배관(20)으로 되돌아오게 되는 것이다.     In addition, in the case of the late-night heating process, the solar heating circuit is closed, the room heating circuit is opened, the heat storage circuit is also opened and the circulation pump 2 (52) installed in the heat storage circuit is operated. The fluid from the supply distribution pipe 20 is introduced into the room 30 through the room heating circuit to heat the room 30, and then returns to the recovery distribution pipe 21 again, and the recovery distribution pipe through the heat storage circuit ( The fluid from 21 is returned to the supply distribution pipe 20 after passing through the heat storage tank 40.
그리고 심야난방과정의 경우, 일정시간 동안 축열탱크(40)의 온도가 정해진 온도에 도달하지 않거나, 또는 방(30)의 온도가 정해진 온도에 도달하지 않거나, 또는 공급분배관(20) 직전의 배관의 온도가 정해진 온도에 도달하지 않을 경우에는 축열탱크(40)에 직렬로 연결된 보일러(60)를 추가로 가동하게 되는 것이다.     And in the case of the late-night heating process, the temperature of the heat storage tank 40 does not reach a predetermined temperature for a predetermined time, or the temperature of the room 30 does not reach a predetermined temperature, or of the pipe immediately before the supply distribution pipe 20 If the temperature does not reach a predetermined temperature is to further operate the boiler 60 connected in series to the heat storage tank (40).
그리고 직접난방과정중 방(30)의 온도가 26℃가 되면, 동작신호가 작동하여 축열과정으로 전환되며 순환펌프 1, 2(51, 52)가 작동되는 것이다.     And when the temperature of the room 30 is 26 ℃ during the direct heating process, the operation signal is switched to the heat storage process and the circulation pump 1, 2 (51, 52) is to operate.
그리고 축열과정중 태양이 떠서 태양열가열회로의 온도가 65℃가 되면, 동작신호가 작동하여 직접난방과정으로 전환되며 순환펌프 1(51)이 작동되는 것이다. 태양열가열회로의 태양열가열판 내부 또는 주위배관에 온도계를 설치하여 온도를 측정한다.      When the sun rises during the heat storage process and the temperature of the solar heating circuit reaches 65 ° C., the operation signal is switched to the direct heating process, and the circulation pump 1 (51) is operated. The temperature is measured by installing a thermometer in the solar heating plate of the solar heating circuit or in the surrounding pipe.
한편, 본발명은 상기 회수분배관(21)에는 태양열가열회로, 방가열회로, 및 축열회로를 구성하는 3 가닥의 배관들이 각각 연결되되, 상기 3가닥의 배관이 회수분배관(21)과 각각 연결되는 곳에는 전동밸브가 각각 설치되어 있어서, 제어기의 온, 오프 신호에 의해 전동밸브의 유로를 각각 열거나 차단하게 된다. 상기 전기에 의해 개폐작동되는 전동밸브는 관용의 일반적으로 같은 용도로 널리 사용되는 전동밸브를 사용하면 된다.     On the other hand, the present invention is connected to the three distribution pipes constituting the solar heating circuit, the heating heating circuit, and the heat storage circuit to the recovery distribution pipe 21, respectively, the three strands of the piping and the recovery distribution pipe 21, respectively Where the connection is provided with a motorized valve, respectively, to open or shut off the flow path of the electric valve by the on, off signal of the controller. As the electric valve that is opened and closed by the electricity, an electric valve generally used for the same purpose for general use may be used.
또한, 상기 태양열가열회로 및 축열회로가 공급분배관(20)과 연결되는 곳에는 첵크밸브가 각각 설치되되, 상기 태양열가열회로가 공급분배관(20)과 연결되는 곳의 첵크밸브는 유체가 공급분배관(20)에서 태양열가열판(10)쪽으로만 흐르게 설치되며, 축열회로가 공급분배관(20)과 연결되는 곳에는 유체가 축열탱크(40) 및 기름보일러(60)에서 공급분배관(20)쪽으로만 흐르게 설치되는 것이다.     In addition, where the solar heating circuit and the heat storage circuit is connected to the supply distribution pipe 20, the check valve is installed, respectively, the check valve where the solar heating circuit is connected to the supply distribution pipe 20 is fluid supply distribution pipe ( 20) installed only to the solar heating plate 10, where the heat storage circuit is connected to the supply distribution pipe 20, the fluid is installed to flow only toward the supply distribution pipe 20 from the heat storage tank 40 and the oil boiler (60). Will be.
상기와 같은 태양열가열회로가 공급분배관(20)과 연결되는 곳의 첵크밸브는 지붕에 연결된 태양열가열판이 야간이 되어 내부의 물이 온도가 식은 상태에서, 태양열가열판의 물이 공급분배관으로 내려옴으로써 열손실이 발생하는 현상을 방지하게 된다.      The check valve where the solar heating circuit as described above is connected to the supply distribution pipe 20 is heated by the solar heating plate connected to the roof at night and the water inside cools, and the water of the solar heating plate descends into the supply distribution pipe. This prevents the occurrence of losses.
마찬가지로 축열회로가 공급분배관(20)과 연결되는 곳의 첵크밸브는 지붕에 연결된 태양열가열판이 야간이 되어 내부의 물이 온도가 식을 경우, 태양열가열판의 물이 공급분배관으로 내려옴으로써 열손실이 발생하는 현상을 방지하게 된다. 본발명의 축열탱크 및 기름보일러 상부는 지붕에 설치되는 보충수 탱크와 관로가 연결되며, 상기 보충수탱크는 또한 지붕에 설치된 다수 개의 태양열가열판과 관로가 연결되어 있다. 그러므로 수위가 높은 보충수탱크의 물이 야간이 되어 내부의 물이 온도가 식은 상태에서 축열탱크 및 기름보일러를 거쳐 공급분배관으로 흘러들어올 우려가 있으므로 첵크밸브를 설치하여 이를 방지한다.     Similarly, in the check valve where the heat storage circuit is connected to the supply distribution pipe 20, when the solar heating plate connected to the roof is at night and the water inside cools, the water in the solar heating plate is lowered to the supply distribution pipe so that heat loss occurs. This will prevent the phenomenon. The heat storage tank and the upper portion of the oil boiler according to the present invention are connected to a replenishment water tank and a pipe line installed on the roof, and the replenishment water tank is also connected to a plurality of solar heating plates and pipe lines installed on the roof. Therefore, the water in the replenishment tank with high water level is at night, and there is a possibility that the water inside may flow into the supply distribution pipe through the heat storage tank and the oil boiler in the state where the temperature has cooled, and install a check valve to prevent this.
또한, 상기 기름보일러(60)에는 종래의 기름보일러와 같이 순환펌프가 내부 또는 외부에 자체적으로 설치된다.     In addition, the oil boiler 60 is provided with a circulation pump in itself or in the outside, as in the conventional oil boiler.
따라서 본발명은 태양열가열판, 분배관, 축열탱크 및 보일러를 설치하여, 조작이 간단하고, 설치비가 저렴하며, 또한 태양열에너지의 효율성이 크다는 현저한 효과가 있다.     Therefore, the present invention has a remarkable effect of installing a solar heating plate, a distribution pipe, a heat storage tank, and a boiler so that the operation is simple, the installation cost is low, and the efficiency of solar energy is high.
10 : 태양열가열판 20 : 공급분배관
21 : 회수분배관 22 : 전동밸브
23 : 첵크밸브
30 : 방 40 : 축열탱크
51 : 순환펌프 1 52 : 순환펌프 2
60 : 보일러 70 ; 제어기
10: solar heating plate 20: supply distribution pipe
21: recovery distribution pipe 22: electric valve
23: check valve
30: room 40: heat storage tank
51: circulation pump 1 52: circulation pump 2
60: boiler 70; Controller

Claims (3)

  1. 공급분배관(20)에서 나온 유체가 태양열가열판(10)에서 가열된 후, 회수분배관(21)으로 돌아오는 태양열가열회로와; 공급분배관(20) 또는 회수분배관(21)에서 나온 유체가 방(30)으로 인입되어 방(30)을 가열한 후, 다시 회수분배관(21) 또는 공급분배관(20)으로 되돌아오는 방가열회로와; 회수분배관(21)에서 나온 유체가 축열탱크(40)를 거친 후 공급분배관(20)으로 되돌아오는 축열회로;를 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 태양열 난방시스템A solar heating circuit, in which the fluid from the supply distribution pipe 20 is heated in the solar heating plate 10 and then returned to the recovery distribution pipe 21; The room heating which flows from the supply distribution pipe 20 or the recovery distribution pipe 21 to the room 30, heats the room 30, and then returns to the recovery distribution pipe 21 or the supply distribution pipe 20 again. Circuits; A heat storage circuit for returning the supply distribution pipe (20) after the fluid from the recovery distribution pipe (21) passes through the heat storage tank (40).
  2. 제1항에 있어서, 상기 회수분배관(21)에는 태양열가열회로, 방가열회로, 및 축열회로를 구성하는 3 가닥의 배관들이 각각 연결되되, 상기 3가닥의 배관이 회수분배관(21)과 각각 연결되는 곳에는 전동밸브(22)가 각각 설치되어 있어서, 제어기(70)의 온, 오프 신호에 의해 전동밸브(22)의 유로를 각각 열거나 차단하는 것을 특징으로 하는 태양열 난방시스템According to claim 1, wherein the recovery distribution pipe 21 is connected to each of the three pipes constituting the solar heating circuit, the heating heating circuit, and the heat storage circuit, respectively, the three strands of the piping and the distribution pipe 21 Where each is connected, the electric valve 22 is installed, respectively, solar heating system, characterized in that to open or cut off the flow path of the electric valve 22 by the on and off signals of the controller 70, respectively
  3. 제1항에 있어서, 상기 태양열가열회로 및 축열회로가 공급분배관(20)과 연결되는 곳에는 첵크밸브(23)가 각각 설치되되, 상기 태양열가열회로가 공급분배관(20)과 연결되는 곳의 첵크밸브(23)는 유체가 공급분배관(20)에서 태양열가열판(10)쪽으로만 흐르게 설치되며, 축열회로가 공급분배관(20)과 연결되는 곳에는 유체가 축열탱크(40) 및 기름보일러(60)에서 공급분배관(20)쪽으로만 흐르게 설치되는 것을 특징으로 하는 태양열 난방시스템2. The check valve of claim 1, wherein a check valve 23 is respectively provided at a place where the solar heating circuit and the heat storage circuit are connected to the supply distribution pipe 20, and the shank at a place where the solar heating circuit is connected to the supply distribution pipe 20. The valve 23 is installed so that the fluid flows only from the supply distribution pipe 20 toward the solar heating plate 10, and where the heat storage circuit is connected to the supply distribution pipe 20, the fluid is stored in the heat storage tank 40 and the oil boiler 60. Solar heating system, characterized in that installed to flow only toward the supply distribution pipe (20) in the
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101488089B1 (en) 2013-06-18 2015-01-29 사공명건 Solar-heat heating device of combination a boiler
KR101672676B1 (en) 2016-04-07 2016-11-03 사공명건 Solar-heat heating device of combination a boiler for anti-superheating
KR102088791B1 (en) 2019-08-07 2020-03-13 극동에너지 주식회사 A blind board having solar photovoltaic device for solar-heat heating system

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101045005B1 (en) 2010-08-19 2011-06-29 김지희 Solar heatimg complex apparatus

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101045005B1 (en) 2010-08-19 2011-06-29 김지희 Solar heatimg complex apparatus

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101488089B1 (en) 2013-06-18 2015-01-29 사공명건 Solar-heat heating device of combination a boiler
KR101672676B1 (en) 2016-04-07 2016-11-03 사공명건 Solar-heat heating device of combination a boiler for anti-superheating
KR102088791B1 (en) 2019-08-07 2020-03-13 극동에너지 주식회사 A blind board having solar photovoltaic device for solar-heat heating system

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