KR101047325B1 - Apparatus and method for monitoring the operation status of buildings and plants - Google Patents

Apparatus and method for monitoring the operation status of buildings and plants Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101047325B1
KR101047325B1 KR1020090080638A KR20090080638A KR101047325B1 KR 101047325 B1 KR101047325 B1 KR 101047325B1 KR 1020090080638 A KR1020090080638 A KR 1020090080638A KR 20090080638 A KR20090080638 A KR 20090080638A KR 101047325 B1 KR101047325 B1 KR 101047325B1
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state
equipment
facility
operating
sector
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KR1020090080638A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20110023050A (en
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이승철
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중앙대학교 산학협력단
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/06Resources, workflows, human or project management, e.g. organising, planning, scheduling or allocating time, human or machine resources; Enterprise planning; Organisational models

Abstract

The present invention relates to an apparatus and a method for monitoring the operational status of large-scale buildings and various plants. More particularly, the present invention relates to a plurality of subsidiary facilities installed in a building and a plurality of subsidiary facilities constituting various plants (hereinafter, together with ' The present invention relates to an apparatus and method for monitoring the operation status of building and plant facilities in which each operational state is represented by a fan-shaped graph using the size of the radius, the type of color, and the concentration in the corresponding concentric sectors. The present invention uses the data collection unit 200 for collecting data and information for evaluating the operation status of a plurality of facilities and the data collected by the data collection unit 200 to evaluate and determine the operation status of the facilities. The state determination unit 300 and a sector graph using a change in the radius, color, and concentration of each sector on the concentric circles corresponding to each of the facilities are used to display the operation status of the corresponding equipment and to accept the input of the manager. A facility operation state monitoring device including a user interface unit 400 for processing, the greater the radius of the fan-shaped graph as the operation state of the facility is out of the normal state. According to the present invention, it is possible to quickly and accurately observe the operating state corresponding to each of the plurality of equipment to one concentric circle and sectors in the concentric circle at a time and time, it is possible to reduce the manpower for monitoring the operating state of the equipment, monitoring quality There is an advantage to improve.
Equipment operation status monitoring, building equipment, plant equipment, concentric circles, fan graph

Description

Apparatus and method of the operating state monitoring for architecture and plant facilities}

The present invention relates to an apparatus and a method for monitoring operating conditions of auxiliary facilities of a building and various plants, and more particularly, to an operating state of each of a plurality of auxiliary facilities installed in a building and a plurality of auxiliary facilities constituting various plants. The present invention relates to an apparatus and a method for monitoring a building and plant operating state, which is represented by a sector graph using the size of a radius, the type of color, and the concentration of a sector in a concentric circle.

Large buildings such as large buildings, large public facilities, residential complexes, and large apartment complexes include, for example, mechanical equipment, electrical equipment, air conditioning equipment, water supply and drainage equipment, fire fighting equipment, broadcasting and communication equipment, elevator equipment, parking control equipment, and access control equipment. Various supporting facilities such as lighting control facilities are installed. Each of these accessories is very diverse and consists of numerous accessories. Therefore, in order to operate the buildings optimally, it is necessary to continuously monitor whether the auxiliary facilities are operating normally.

In addition, plants such as power plants, chemical process plants, and various manufacturing plants are usually composed of a number of subsystems, which in turn are composed of a number of detailed accessories or unit equipment.

For example, in the case of power plants, accessories such as turbine and auxiliary system, generator and auxiliary system, boiler and auxiliary system, main water supply system, condensate system, fuel supply system, cooling water system, circulating water system and auxiliary steam system are mutually organic. Work in conjunction to produce electricity. Therefore, in order to produce the desired product at the desired quality level and cost, the plant must continuously monitor the operating conditions of the above-mentioned equipments in real time and maintain optimal operation.

In this specification, various auxiliary facilities attached to large buildings such as large buildings, large public facilities, residential complexes, and large apartment complexes, and all auxiliary facilities constituting various plants including the aforementioned power plants and chemical process plants are described. For convenience, the term 'equipment' will be described.

The conventional facility monitoring system mainly provides operation status information to the user through a monitoring monitor provided by a supplier of each facility or a mimic monitoring panel of the facility. Mainly, the structural diagram or functional flow diagram of the facility is displayed on the monitor screen, and when an abnormality occurs, the color of the corresponding facility part is changed or displayed using blinking, and the situation is briefly explained. The method of outputting text on the screen has been mainly used.

The prior art as described above has the following problems.

That is, since a plurality of monitors are required to simultaneously monitor a plurality of different monitors or monitor panels corresponding to each facility, a large number of monitoring personnel are required for stable facility operation and monitoring efficiency is deteriorated.

In addition, even when a specific facility gradually approaches abnormal or malfunctioning conditions, the alarm system is used to alarm and notify the monitor only when the critical parameters exceed the set limit value. There was a problem that was difficult to find in advance.

And when one equipment malfunctions, the failure spreads and other equipments operate abnormally.Sequence of Event by simply showing the operation status of all the equipments operating in abnormal status flatly. ) Is difficult to identify, and therefore, there is a problem that there is a possibility of causing a major accident or enormous economic loss by not discovering the root cause of failure and taking necessary measures within a reasonable time.

Therefore, the present invention has been made to solve the above-mentioned conventional problems, an object of the present invention is to quickly and easily determine the abnormality of the entire facilities in place of a plurality of different monitors or monitors corresponding to each facility. It is to provide a comprehensive equipment operation status monitoring device and method.

Another object of the present invention is to operate a facility capable of displaying an access situation to an abnormal state so that the user can cope with it in advance even if the operating state of each facility gradually approaches an abnormal state, even before exceeding a preset limit value. It is to provide a condition monitoring apparatus and method.

Another object of the present invention is to find the cause of the failure early by quickly tracking the relationship between the situation, even if the failure of one equipment or equipment is spread and other equipment or equipment also enter the abnormal state in a chain It is to provide an apparatus and method for monitoring the operational status of a facility that can be overhauled.

According to a feature of the present invention for achieving the above object, the present invention uses a data collection unit for collecting information and data for the status determination of a plurality of facilities, and using the information and data received from the data collection unit A facility including a status determination unit for determining an operation state of the facility, a user interface unit for performing and displaying a calculation in a sector graph on a sector corresponding to the facility on the concentric circle. In the operating state monitoring apparatus and method, the graph indicates that the operating state of the facility is abnormal as it moves away from the center of the concentric circles.

The concentric circles are divided into a plurality of sectors corresponding to each of the facilities, and a graph showing an operating state of each of the facilities is displayed in a sector shape in a sector corresponding to the facilities.

At this time, the operation state of the facility is divided into normal stop state, normal operation state, boundary operation state, emergency operation state, and emergency stop state according to the length of the radius of the fan-shaped graph, and further prompts the user to quickly and accurately determine the state. In order to enable the graph, the graph is also divided into colors and concentrations of colors according to the operation state of the facility. In particular, the normal stop state corresponds to the case where the radius is zero.

The concentric circles are composed of a main concentric circle representing a boundary between operating states and a detailed concentric circle for representing in detail the degree of good or bad operation in the operating state represented by the main concentric circle between the main concentric circles.

In addition, the graph is displayed such that when the operation state of the equipment gradually changes to an abnormal state, the color concentration becomes gradually darker than the reference concentration of the color indicating the operation state toward the circumferential edge of the fan shape. The concentration may be indicated to gradually soften.

The graph may additionally have a fan-shaped boundary determined by the parameter when there are additional main parameters that are gradually deviating from the normal values in addition to the main state parameters that determine the overall length of the graph. The graph may also be displayed such that the color intensity gradually increases from the center to the corresponding inner boundary.

In addition, when the operating state of the facility vibrates unstable, the graph may be displayed in the same concentration of the color concentration of the two concentric sector intervals corresponding to the vibration range.

At this time, the operating state monitoring device corresponds to the type of equipment to be monitored and the detailed configuration of the equipment, the criteria for determining the operating status of each equipment, the method and period for inputting the information and data for the status determination, the number of concentric circles and the equipment. The user interface that displays the operation status information including the graph, receives input from DB, knowledge base or user with the location and center angle of the sector, the reference value of color concentration, the display of sector graph and other status information input / output method. It may be configured to include more.

In addition, the user interface may simultaneously display the concentric graphs of time passed in small time intervals in order to track the cause of the abnormal situation when the operation status of the plurality of facilities is changed to an abnormal situation in the aftermath of one or two facility failures.

In addition, the operation state related information is the upper and lower limits set to alert or trip using the present value of the main measured values related to the status determination, the range of measured values in the normal state of the current value, the corresponding measured value if necessary And a measurement table including a measurement stripe indicating the values.

On the other hand, the present invention is a method for monitoring the operation status of a facility in a facility operating state monitoring device comprising a data collection unit, a state determination unit and a user interface unit (a) information for determining the operating state of a plurality of facilities in the data collection unit And a data collection step for collecting data; and (b) a status determination step for determining an operating state of the facility using the collected information and data in the state determination unit; and (c) at the user interface unit. And providing a user interface for performing an operation for displaying a result of the state determination in a sector graph on a concentric sector corresponding to each of the facilities.

In the apparatus and method for monitoring facility operation status according to the present invention as described above, the following effects can be expected.

That is, since it is possible to observe the operating state corresponding to each of the plurality of facilities at the same time, there is an advantage that can reduce the manpower for monitoring the operating state of the facility, and improve the monitoring efficiency.

In addition, according to the apparatus operating state monitoring apparatus and method according to the present invention, it is possible to display the case in which each equipment gradually changes to an abnormal state, gradually recovers to a normal state, and a case in which the state vibrates unstable. It is also possible to quickly recognize and respond to changing circumstances.

In addition, according to the present invention, it is possible to trace back the change in the operation status of each facility at short time intervals, so that even when one failure is spread out and a plurality of abnormal situations occur simultaneously, The cause of the failure can be traced, and thus there is an advantage of preventing a large accident or a huge economic loss.

Hereinafter, with reference to the accompanying drawings, a specific embodiment of the building and plant operating state monitoring apparatus and method according to the present invention as described above will be described in detail.

1 is a block diagram showing the configuration of a facility operating state monitoring apparatus according to a specific embodiment of the present invention.

As shown in Figure 1, the facility operating state monitoring apparatus according to a specific embodiment of the present invention simultaneously monitors the operating state of the plurality of facilities (110,120,130,140,150,160,170). As shown in FIG. 1, the plurality of facilities include a water substation facility 110, an air conditioning facility 120, a water supply and drainage facility 130, an air supply and exhaust facility 140, an elevator facility 150, and a fire fighting facility 160. And a communication facility 170. However, the present invention is not limited thereto, and mechanical, electrical, air-conditioning, sanitary, fire-fighting, broadcasting and telecommunication facilities and elevators are attached to large buildings such as large buildings, large public facilities, residential complexes, and large apartment complexes. It may include various equipment such as equipment, parking control equipment, access control equipment, lighting control equipment and the like. In addition, in the present specification, the plurality of facilities is a term including various facilities constituting various power plants and various plants.

Information and data for monitoring the operating status of the plurality of facilities (110, 120, 130, 140, 150, 160, 170) is collected by the data collection unit (200). And the information and data collected by the data collection unit 200 is transmitted to the status determination unit 300. The status plate end 300 determines the operating state of the facility (110, 120, 130, 140, 150, 160, 170) using the information and data received from the data collection unit 200.

The user interface unit 400 is notified of the operation state determination result of each facility from the state determination unit 300 and displays the operation state of the facilities 110, 120, 130, 140, 150, 160 and 170 in a sector-like graph on a sector on a concentric circle corresponding to each facility.

Here, a concentric chart including a sector sector graph indicating the facility operating state according to a specific embodiment of the present invention is configured to have a hierarchical structure. The hierarchical structure is composed of a concentric circle chart of the highest tier representing the operation status of the main facilities of the building or the entire plant, and a concentric circle chart of the next higher tier representing the operation status of the detailed subsidiary facilities or devices constituting the main facilities. If necessary, it is further subdivided. For example, among the main facilities (110, 120, 130, 140, 150, 160, 170) as a detailed equipment constituting the water substation (110), MOF facilities, parking short-term equipment, light power 1 equipment, light power 2 equipment, general power equipment, emergency power equipment, refrigeration power equipment, Emergency generator facilities can be designated, and in the case of thermal power plants, the main facilities of the highest level are turbines and auxiliary equipment systems, generators and auxiliary equipment systems, boilers and auxiliary equipment systems, main water supply systems, condensate systems, cooling water systems, and circulating water. System, auxiliary steam system and electric system can be designated.The next high-level detailed construction equipment of turbine and auxiliary equipment system among the main equipment is high pressure turbine, medium pressure turbine, low pressure turbine, condenser, steam control valve system, governor system, lubricating oil. The system, turning gear system, sealed steam system, bleed-off valve, etc. can be specified. It can be subdivided in more detail and descended into lower layers.

Hereinafter, in the case of referring to a concentric circle chart indicating the operation status of the auxiliary facilities of the building, a facility availability state tracking (FAST) chart and a plant operating state tracking in the case of referring to the concentric chart indicating the operation status of the accessory facilities of the plant Let's call each chart.

2 is an exemplary view showing a table showing the state of the measurement values for monitoring the operating condition of the facility according to a specific embodiment of the present invention.

As shown in FIG. 2, the table of measured values for monitoring the operating condition of a facility according to a specific embodiment of the present invention includes a tag number of a measured value, a name of a measured value, a current measured value, a unit of a measured value, and a measured value. It is composed of the validity (Validity), the measurement value (Measurement Value Stripe), the increase and decrease rate value. In addition, the measurement band displays the total measurement range, present value, trend of the present value, range of measured values in the normal state, and upper and lower values set to alert or trip using the corresponding measured values. do. This measurement table is shown when it is necessary to display the relevant measurement values for a detailed description of the operational state display sector graph.

Figure 3 is an exemplary view of the FAST chart of the building B showing the facility operating state according to a specific embodiment of the present invention.

As shown in FIG. 3, the FAST chart showing the facility operation state according to the specific embodiment of the present invention is represented by concentric circles. The concentric circles are divided into a plurality of sectors of a fan shape, and each sector corresponds to each major facility of the building represented by the concentric circles. Each major facility can be subdivided into detailed facilities or devices that make up the facility.In this case, the detailed facilities or devices can be subdivided into sectors representing the major facility on the current concentric chart and represented as detailed sectors or represent the facility. You can also create and display a lower FAST chart.

The operating state of the equipment corresponding to each sector is represented by a fan-shaped graph inside the sector, and the radius of the graph gradually increases as the operating state deviates from the normal state, and means the following states according to the size of the radius. .

That is, the inside of the first concentric circles 510 which are innermost concentric circles means a normal operating state in which the equipment is normally operated. Next, the second concentric circles 520 shown outside of the first concentric circles 510 indicate a boundary of an alert operating state in which an operation state of the facility requires attention. In addition, an emergency operating state in which an alarm sounds to a third concentric circle 530 shown outside of the second concentric circle 520 exceeds a limit set by some or all of the main operating parameters of the facility. Means. Next, the fourth concentric circles 540 shown on the outer side of the third concentric circles 530 indicate an abnormally stopped state of the equipment and are stopped by their cause according to the color displaying the graph again. ) And Emergency Stop State, which are stopped due to ripple causes. Finally, the fifth concentric circles 550 shown on the outermost side indicate whether the equipment is in operation.

The fifth concentric circles 550 are further divided into maintenance and repair states and stand-by states when indicating that they are currently stopped. In case of indicating that it is in operation, it is divided into Start-up State, Full Operation State, Partial Operation State, and Shut-down State. .

The division of the operation state described above may vary or increase or decrease depending on the characteristics of the facility.

In addition, the concentric circles are configured to include detailed concentric circles that can further represent each operating state among the main concentric circles in addition to the main concentric circles indicating the boundary of the operation state described above. The number of the main concentric circles and the detailed concentric circles described above may be added or subtracted according to the characteristics of the building or the plant.

If it is determined that the operating state of the facility is normal, it is displayed as the basic concentration of the color selected to indicate the normal state inside the first concentric circles (510). For example, as shown in FIG. 3, when it is detected that the MOF facility 611 which is the first detailed facility of the water substation facility 610 is in a normal state, the first sector of the first sector corresponding to the water substation facility 610 is detected. The sector-shaped graph in one detailed sector is displayed as a basic concentration of green, which is a color arbitrarily selected to represent a steady state inside the first concentric circles 510. At this time, the inside of the first concentric circle 510 is further subdivided into a normal state, and a detailed concentric circle such as a normal state, a normal state, a normal state close to a boundary state, etc. is displayed, and corresponds to the radius of the corresponding detailed concentric circle according to the degree of the normal state. A more detailed operational state can be displayed with a sector graph.

When it is detected that the operating state is a boundary state, the entire sectoral graph of the radius corresponding to the current operating state is between the first concentric circle 510 indicating the steady state and the second concentric circle 520 indicating the boundary state. It is indicated by the default concentration of the color selected to indicate. For example, as shown in FIG. 3, when it is detected that the water supply and drainage facility 630 is in a boundary state, the first concentric circles 510 and the second concentric circles 520 in the third sector corresponding to the water supply and drainage facility 630. The fan-shaped graph corresponding to the radius of the detailed concentric circles corresponding to the current operating state is indicated by the basic concentration of yellow, which is a color selected arbitrarily to indicate the boundary state. At this time, the first concentric circles 510 and the second concentric circles 520 is divided into detailed concentric circles as described above can be displayed more detailed operating state.

When it is detected that the operating state is an emergency state, a basic concentration of color indicating an emergency state is displayed between the second concentric circles 520 indicating the alert state and the third concentric circles 530 indicating the emergency state. For example, as shown in FIG. 3, when it is detected that the air supply / exhaust system 640 is in an emergency state, the second concentric circles 520 and the third concentric circles 530 in the fourth sector corresponding to the air supply / exhaust system 640. The fan-shaped graph corresponding to the selected radius according to the degree of emergency is displayed in red, which is a color randomly selected to represent the emergency. At this time, the second concentric circles 520 and the third concentric circles 530 is divided into detailed concentric circles as described above can be displayed more detailed operating state.

If it is detected that the operating state is a fault or emergency stop state, the entire fan shape inside the fourth concentric circle 540 indicating the fault or emergency stop state is indicated by the basic concentration of the color selected to indicate the fault stop state or emergency stop state. do. For example, as shown in FIG. 3, when it is detected that the refrigerator power plant 617, which is the seventh detailed facility of the water substation facility 610, is in the faulty stop state, the seventh detailed sector of sector 1 corresponding to the refrigerator power facility. The whole of the fan shape corresponding to the inside of the fourth concentric circles 540 in the inside is displayed in purple, which is a color arbitrarily selected to indicate the fault stop state. In addition, since the air conditioning equipment 620 is stopped due to the breakdown of the refrigerator power equipment, the fan corresponding to the inside of the fourth concentric circles 540 of the second sector corresponding to the air conditioning equipment 620 is stopped. The whole of is shown in red, the color chosen at random to indicate the emergency stop status.

In the case of the center sector with sector number 0 corresponding to the entire building or plant, the operation status of the auxiliary equipment is the same as that of the fan with the most serious status of the equipment. For example, as shown in FIG. 3, since the refrigerator power facility 617, which is the seventh detailed facility of the water substation facility 610, and the elevator B facility 652, which is the second detailed facility of the elevator facility 650, are currently in a state of failure, The sector-shaped graph shown in sector 0 representing the building B is filled with purple selected to indicate the failure stop to the fourth concentric circles 540 indicating the failure stop state.

A circle stripe portion surrounded by the fifth concentric circle 550, which is the outermost concentric circle, and the fourth concentric circle 540 indicating a faulty or emergency stop state indicates whether a corresponding facility is currently operating for each sector. First, when the equipment is currently in a stopped state, it is divided into a case of indicating a maintenance and repair state and a case of a stand-by state. And if the equipment is in the current operating state, it is divided into the starting progress state, the total operation state, the partial operation state, and the stop progress state, and again the start progress state is selected by the color selected to indicate the operation state in proportion to the progress. Fill in. That is, when the equipment is in a fully operated state, the circle part is filled with colors indicating the operating state, and when the equipment is in the partially operated state, the circle part is moved clockwise by an area proportional to the operation ratio. Fill it with the color you indicate. For example, as shown in FIG. 3, since the MOF facility 611, which is the first detailed facility of the water substation facility 610, is currently in operation, the outermost circle corresponding to the first detailed sector of the first sector indicates an operating state. It is filled with randomly selected blue. Similarly, since the water supply and drainage system 630 is currently in operation, it is also filled in blue. The refrigeration power plant 617, which is the seventh detailed facility of the water substation facility 610, and the elevator B facility 652, which is the second detailed facility of the elevator facility 650, are in a state of failure and are therefore in need of repair and thus the outermost part. The band is filled with a randomly selected yellow color to indicate repair and maintenance status.

According to the display method of the fan-shaped graph according to a specific embodiment of the present invention, it is also possible to display the case where the operating state of a particular equipment gradually changes unstable. That is, if the operation status of a particular equipment is gradually changing to an unstable state, the color of the sector graph indicating the operation status of the equipment is displayed so that the color concentration becomes higher than the basic concentration as it approaches the circumference from the center of the concentric circle. On the other hand, if the operation status of a particular equipment is gradually changing to a good condition, the color of the fan-shaped graph indicating the operating status of the equipment is displayed as the color concentration becomes lower than the basic concentration toward the circumference of the concentric circles. For example, as shown in FIG. 3, the radius of the fan-shaped graph representing the operating state of the supply / exhaust facility 640 is currently between the second concentric circles 520 and the third concentric circles 530, and thus is in an emergency state and gradually becomes color toward the circumference. As the concentration of is increased, the current state becomes more and more serious, indicating a situation in which an emergency stop is imminent.

In addition to the main state variables that have had a decisive influence in determining the radius of the sector graph indicating the current operating status of a particular plant, another major state variable that is changing enough to affect the operational status changes of the facility in the near term. Display the graph further inside the original graph. For example, as described above, the supply / exhaust system 640 is currently in an emergency state, and its operating state is becoming more serious. In addition, an internal fan shape in which the density of colors increases between the first concentric circles 510 and the second concentric circles 520 is increased. Therefore, the current state of alertness, but there is another factor that gradually worsens, indicating a situation that requires attention. Therefore, according to a specific embodiment of the present invention, in addition to the main state variable values or factors mainly affecting the current operation state determination, there are other state variables or factors that are likely to affect the operation state change of the facility in a short time. There is an advantage that can indicate.

In addition, the FAST chart according to a specific embodiment of the present invention is configured to have a hierarchical structure as described above. That is, the top-level FAST chart includes sector sector graphs representing the operational status of the main facilities of the entire building B. At this time, the sector at the top center of the uppermost FAST chart is assigned sector number 0 and corresponds to the entire building B facility. The sector graph shown in sector 0 shows the operational status of the entire building B facility. For example, a graph may be displayed using a method of selecting two or three of the most severe operating states and displaying the length and color of the graph described above. When the user selects and clicks any one of the sectors corresponding to each of the major facilities constituting the highest hierarchy, the lower FAST chart indicating the operation state of the detailed configuration equipment or device of the facility corresponding to the selected sector is assisted. Is displayed on the screen. Sector 0 of the lower FAST chart corresponds to the equipment selected in the upper chart, and again, each sector of the lower FAST chart corresponds to the detailed configuration equipment or devices of the selected equipment. At this time, in order to provide more detailed information on the operation status of the equipment corresponding to the selected sector, a text description related to the sector, a state expression using a configuration diagram or a flowchart of the equipment, or the above-described measured value table in the lower FAST chart. In addition, it can be displayed on the sub screen or window.

Therefore, according to the GUI according to a specific embodiment of the present invention, the operation state of the equipment represented by the sector graph in each sector is more detailed through the lower concentricity chart and text description, the configuration diagram or flowchart of the equipment, and the main measured value information. Since the information can be provided, it is possible to determine the correct operation status of the equipment.

Hereinafter, with reference to the accompanying drawings, preferred embodiments of the facility operating state monitoring method according to a specific embodiment of the present invention as described above will be described in detail.

4 is a flowchart illustrating in detail a method for monitoring facility operation according to a specific embodiment of the present invention.

As shown in Figure 4, the building and plant operating state monitoring method according to a specific embodiment of the present invention starts from the step of receiving the basic information for determining the operating state of each facility of the building and plant and indicate by GUI It becomes (S100). The basic information that is input includes the equipment configuration information, the type and method of collecting the main status variables and the variable values for judging the operational status of each facility, and the communication protocol and exchangeable information with the relevant server in the case of a separate monitoring server. To convert the results of the status judgment of each facility, the hierarchical structure of the FAST chart or POST chart, the sector composition of each chart, and the operation status of each facility to the length and color density of the corresponding fan graph on the FAST chart or POST chart. It includes criteria, display window composition, input / output contents and method, and operation status judgment cycle for each facility.

Next, real-time facility operation information and data for determining the operation status of each facility is collected (S110). Operational information and data are collected from sensors and instruments installed in the field, and in the case of a facility that has a separate monitoring server, the monitoring server is also collected.

Subsequently, based on the information and data collected in step 110, the operation status of each facility is determined according to the status determination criteria input as basic information (S120). In the simple case, the judgment is made by using an algorithm, and when there are many things to consider or the judgment method can be changed from time to time, a knowledge-based system should be constructed and judged. The operation status judgment result includes information for determining the length of the fan-shaped graph of the corresponding equipment displayed on the FAST chart or the POST chart, and additionally includes information capable of displaying the density of the graph color as described above when the operation status is fluid. do.

Here, the collection and operation status of each facility's operation information and data can be determined by hardware and software in parallel distributed processing if necessary according to the amount and urgency of information to be processed. In other words, hardware consists of a central server that manages the entire operation status monitoring task and a plurality of facility servers that are in charge of each facility or group of devices in a hierarchical structure. Tasks can be shared by creating software intelligence agents for processes in the form of processes or threads.

Next, the operation status determination result for each facility is shown as a sector graph in the corresponding sector on the FAST chart or the POST chart (S130). In this case, in order to support a quick and accurate situation determination of a user or a facility manager, a text description, a lower detailed chart, a configuration diagram or a flow chart of the corresponding facility, or the above-described measured value table may be additionally displayed by using an auxiliary screen or a window if necessary.

Next, it is checked whether the user clicks a specific sector position of the FAST chart or the POST chart or performs other input, for example, a menu button or text input (S140). If no input, go back to step 110 and repeat the loop.

If there is a user input, it processes it (S150). First, when selecting and clicking a specific sector location on the FAST or POST chart, if there is a sub chart of the equipment corresponding to the selected sector, the sub chart is displayed on the sub-screen, and the operation status of the equipment is displayed in detail. If this is helpful, a textual description of the operating status and the schematic, flow chart or measurement table of the installation can be displayed together. Time passed when clicking the SOE (Sequence Of Event) menu button on the interface to identify the pros and cons of the situation when the operation status of several equipment or equipment is abnormally developed due to the failure of one equipment or equipment. The charts are divided into time slices, which are convenient to identify the prognostic relationship between failures, and the charts of the corresponding time are shown in a reduced size on the sub-screen sequentially and compared to the previous chart for each chart. Also shown. In addition, when any chart is clicked among the displayed reduced charts, the corresponding chart is enlarged and displayed.

According to the method for monitoring the operating condition of a facility according to a specific embodiment of the present invention, it is possible to quickly and accurately observe the operating status of each of a plurality of facilities at the same time, it is possible to reduce the manpower for monitoring the operational status of the facility, and to improve the monitoring quality. In case of failure of a single equipment or equipment, and a large number of equipment or equipment operation statuses are developed in an abnormal situation, it is possible to quickly identify and cope with the cause of failure by identifying the prognostic relationship of the situation.

The rights of the present invention are not limited to the embodiments described above, but are defined by the claims, and those skilled in the art can make various modifications and adaptations within the scope of the claims. It is self-evident.

1 is a block diagram showing the configuration of a building and plant equipment operating state monitoring apparatus according to a specific embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 2 is an exemplary diagram showing a table recording the state of the measured values for monitoring the operating condition of the facility according to a specific embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 3 is an exemplary view showing a concentric chart showing the facility operating state according to a specific embodiment of the present invention.

4 is a flowchart illustrating a method for monitoring facility operation according to a specific embodiment of the present invention.

* Description of the symbols for the main parts of the drawings *

Figure 1:

110: water substation equipment 120: air conditioning equipment

130: water supply and drainage equipment 140: air supply and drainage equipment

150: elevator equipment 160: fire fighting equipment

170: communication equipment

200: data collection unit 300: state determination unit

400: user interface unit

Figure 3:

510: first concentric circles 520: second concentric circles

530: third concentric circle 540: fourth concentric circle

550: fifth concentric circles

610: water substation equipment

611: MOF facility 612: Parking short-term facility

613: lamp power 1 facility 614: lamp power 2 facility

615: general power plant 616: emergency power plant

617: Refrigerator power plant 618: Emergency generator plant

620: air conditioning equipment 630: water supply and drainage equipment

640: air supply and exhaust equipment

650: elevator equipment

651: elevator A 652: elevator B

653: elevator C

660: fire fighting equipment 670: communication equipment

680: parking control system 690: access control equipment

Claims (16)

  1. A data collection unit for collecting information and data necessary for monitoring the operation status of the plurality of facilities;
    A state determination unit that determines an operation state of the facility by using the information and data received from the data collection unit; And
    In the facility operating state monitoring device for a building and a plant comprising a user interface unit in which the operating state of each of the facilities in the concentric sector corresponding to each of the facilities in a concentric circle with the center of the concentric circles as an origin.
    The graph is a facility operating state monitoring device, characterized in that the shorter the length indicates that the operating state of the corresponding equipment is in a good state.
  2. The method of claim 1,
    The operating state of the facility,
    According to the length of the graph, it is divided into normal stop state, normal operation state, alert operation state, emergency operation state, and emergency stop state:
    The graph,
    Equipment operating state monitoring device characterized in that the color is determined according to the operating state of the facility.
  3. The method of claim 2,
    The graph,
    When the operating state of the facility is gradually changed to an unstable state, the color concentration is displayed to gradually increase toward the circumference of the concentric circles, and when the operating state of the facility is gradually changed to a good state, the color toward the circumference of the concentric circles Equipment operating status monitoring device characterized in that the concentration is displayed to gradually decrease.
  4. The method of claim 2,
    The graph,
    When the operating state of the equipment repeats the unstable vibration, the equipment operating state monitoring device, characterized in that the color concentration between the concentric circles corresponding to the section of the vibrating state is displayed dark.
  5. The method according to any one of claims 2 to 4,
    The concentric circles,
    It is composed of the main concentric circles indicating the operation status of the equipment and the detailed concentric circles for showing a more detailed operating status between the main concentric circles, at the same time divided into sectors corresponding to the respective equipment, the operation status of each equipment A sector operating apparatus, wherein each sector is composed of concentric charts divided into sub-sectors corresponding to the detailed equipment constituting the equipment.
  6. The method of claim 5,
    The concentric circle chart,
    If you click on any position in the sector corresponding to each equipment on the concentric circle with the mouse, the equipment again shows the lower concentric chart corresponding to the whole chart, so that the detailed operation status of the detailed equipment or devices that constitute the equipment can be displayed. Facility operating status monitoring device, characterized in that consisting of a hierarchical structure.
  7. The method of claim 6,
    The detailed operation state,
    When the operation status of a plurality of facilities progresses to an abnormal situation in the aftermath of a single facility failure, the concentricity charts of past time are simultaneously displayed in small time slices to track down the ripple situation and the cause of the overall abnormal situation. Facility operating status monitoring device, characterized in that configured to facilitate.
  8. The method of claim 6,
    In displaying the detailed operating status of the equipment,
    Displays the total measurement range, present value, trend of the present value, range of measured values in the normal state, and the upper and lower limits set to alert or trip using the measured value. And a measurement value table including a measurement stripe.
  9. In the facility operating state monitoring device including a data collection unit, a state determination unit and a user interface unit,
    (a) collecting information and data necessary for determining an operation state of a plurality of facilities in the data collection unit;
    (b) determining, by the state determining unit, an operating state of the facility by using the collected information and data; And
    and (c) displaying, by the user interface unit, an operating state of the facility in a sector graph on a concentric circle corresponding to each of the facilities in a sector graph.
    The facility operating status monitoring method characterized in that the shorter the length of the corresponding graph is displayed as the facility operating status is better.
  10. The method of claim 9,
    The operating state of the facility,
    According to the length of the graph, it is divided into normal stop state, normal operation state, alert operation state, emergency operation state, and emergency stop state:
    The graph,
    Color monitoring method of the facility characterized in that the color is determined according to the operating state of the facility.
  11. The method of claim 9,
    In step (c),
    When the operating state of the equipment gradually changes to an unstable state, the intensity of the color is gradually displayed toward the circumference of the concentric circle. Method for monitoring the operating condition of the facility, characterized in that to display the concentration of gradually decreases.
  12. The method of claim 9,
    In step (c),
    If the operating state of the equipment repeats the unstable vibration, the equipment operating status monitoring method characterized in that it is carried out to display the color concentration between the concentric circles corresponding to the section of the vibrating state.
  13. The method of claim 9,
    In step (c),
    The main concentric circles indicating the operation status of the facility and the detailed concentric circles for more detailed operation status between the main concentric circles are shown, and at the same time divided into sectors corresponding to the respective facilities, the operation status of each facility The sector operating method of the equipment operation state characterized in that the sector is represented by a sector chart, and each sector is divided into detailed sectors corresponding to the detailed equipment constituting the equipment.
  14. The method of claim 13,
    The concentric circle chart,
    If you click on any position in the sector corresponding to each equipment on the concentric circle with the mouse, the equipment again shows the lower concentric chart corresponding to the whole chart to show the detailed operation status of the detailed equipment or equipment that constitutes the equipment. Facility operating status monitoring method characterized in that implemented in a hierarchical structure.
  15. The method of claim 14,
    The detailed operation state,
    When the operation status of a plurality of facilities progresses to an abnormal situation in the aftermath of a single facility failure, the concentricity charts of past time are simultaneously displayed in small time slices to track down the ripple situation and the cause of the overall abnormal situation. Facility operating status monitoring method characterized in that it is implemented to facilitate.
  16. The method of claim 14,
    In displaying the detailed operating status of the equipment,
    Displays the total measurement range, present value, trend of the present value, range of measured values in the normal state, and the upper and lower limits set to alert or trip using the measured value. A method for monitoring the operating condition of a facility, characterized by using a measurement table comprising a measurement stripe.
KR1020090080638A 2009-08-28 2009-08-28 Apparatus and method for monitoring the operation status of buildings and plants KR101047325B1 (en)

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