KR101037810B1 - Flame resistant?Water repellent?Antibacterial Finishing Method For Cotton Textiles - Google Patents

Flame resistant?Water repellent?Antibacterial Finishing Method For Cotton Textiles Download PDF

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KR101037810B1
KR101037810B1 KR20080061629A KR20080061629A KR101037810B1 KR 101037810 B1 KR101037810 B1 KR 101037810B1 KR 20080061629 A KR20080061629 A KR 20080061629A KR 20080061629 A KR20080061629 A KR 20080061629A KR 101037810 B1 KR101037810 B1 KR 101037810B1
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resistant
textiles
water
repellent
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KR20100001636A (en )
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권일준
김지연
박성동
박성민
손원석
이경남
이재홍
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재단법인대구경북디자인센터
한국염색기술연구소
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본 발명은 면섬유의 방염ㆍ 발수ㆍ 항균가공방법에 관한 것으로서, 본 발명에 의해 면섬유에 손상이 없으면서 색상의 균염성을 확보하고, 우수한 방염, 발수성, 항균성을 발현할 수 있는 면섬유의 고품위 가공기술을 제공할 수 있다. The invention of cotton flame retardant and water-repellent and relates to antibacterial methods, the high-quality processing techniques of the cotton fiber to eopeumyeonseo damage to the cotton fibers according to the present invention ensure the leveling of the color, and exhibits excellent flame retardant, water-repellent, antibacterial It can provide.
방염성, 발수성, 항균성, 불소알킬계 발수발유제, 나노은담지 이산화티탄 광촉매졸 Flame-retardant, water-repellent, antibacterial, alkyl fluoride-based water and oil repellent, nanoeun supported TiO sol

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면섬유의 방염ㆍ 발수ㆍ 항균가공방법{Flame resistantㆍWater repellentㆍAntibacterial Finishing Method For Cotton Textiles} Of the flame retardant cotton fibers and water-repellent and antibacterial method {Flame resistant and Water repellent and Antibacterial Finishing Method For Cotton Textiles}

본 발명은 면섬유의 방염ㆍ 발수ㆍ 항균가공방법에 관한 것이다. The present invention relates to a cotton fiber of the flame retardant and water repellent and antimicrobial processing method.

기능성 소재의 개발은 합성 섬유에 흡수, 흡습성을 부여하고 보다 천연섬유에 가깝게 만들려는 노력으로 시작되었는데, 현재에는 천연섬유 이상의 흡수, 흡습 성능을 가진 합성섬유가 등장하였으며, 이제는 역으로 합성섬유의 방염, 발수, 항균 등의 우수한 기능을 부여한 천연섬유소재가 계속 개발되고 있다. Development of functional materials has been granted absorption, moisture in the synthetic fiber and started an effort to create more close to natural fibers, today was a synthetic fiber with the absorption, moisture absorption performance than natural fibers emerge, now that flame of synthetic fibers Station , there has been continued development of natural fiber materials given excellent features such as water-repellent, antibacterial. 특히, 생활안전과 기능성 및 건강과 관련된 기능성 섬유는 점차적으로 그 수요가 늘어나고 있으며, 수요대체를 위한 새로운 기능성 섬유의 개발도 지속적으로 이루어지고 있으며, 최근 색채, 외관 등인 감성과 더불어 기능성에 대한 관심을 보이는 소비자의 추세를 반영하기 위한 고부가가치형 복합 기능성 섬유 제품이 요구되고 있다. In particular, the life safety and functional fibers associated with the functional and health are increasingly in demand increasing, the and the development of new functional fibers for demand substitution is also constantly being made, the recent color, interest in functionality, with the appearance or the like sensibility this high value-added multi-functional textile products to reflect the trend of consumers look is required.

그 중 인체친화성이 좋을 뿐만 아니라, 천연소재로서 가장 많이 사용되고 있는 셀룰로오스계 섬유의 기능성 가공의 연구개발은 지속적으로 이루어지고 있다. Among them it is also good for the body affinity, research and development of functional processing of most cellulose fibers are used as natural materials are being continuously made to. 특히, 일상생활에서는 비나 음식물, 액체 물질에 의해 오염을 줄이고, 전기누전이나 충돌 혹은 충격 등에 의한 화재 예방과 화재 시 피해를 최소화 및 인체유해 미 생물로부터 인체를 보호하기 위한 목적을 실현하기 위해서는 발수성, 방염성, 항균성을 각각 또는 동시에 부여하는 기술이 요구되고 있다. In particular, to the everyday life to reduce pollution by rain and food, liquid substances, realized for the purpose of protecting the human body from an electrical short circuit, a fire prevention and fire minimize the damage and the human body harmful microorganisms due to collision or impact water repellency, flame retardancy, there is a need for a technique for imparting antimicrobial individually or at the same time.

그 중 소비자 및 바이어의 요구사항이 까다롭고 생산이 어려운 방염, 발수, 항균가공은 Ciba Specailties Co.의 방염제인(Pyrovatex CP), 나노화발수제(TEFLON) 등을 이용하여 국내 몇몇 회사에서 각각의 기능성을 부여하여 제품을 생산은 시도되고 있으나, 방염가공에서의 고온 열처리에 의한 섬유의 인열강도 저하, 잔존 포름알데하이드, 제한적인 세탁내구성(세탁 5회 미만) 및 섬유표면상 방염제의 잔류로 인한 발수성의 저하, 색상변화 등의 여러 가지의 문제점으로 인하여 활용도가 매우 낮으며, 방염, 발수, 항균기능의 복합화는 시도조차 못하고 있는 현실이다. This information needs of demanding consumers and buyers of its production is difficult ropgo flame retardant, water repellent, antibacterial is a (Pyrovatex CP) flame retardant of Ciba Specailties Co., by using a water repellent nano (TEFLON), each of functionality in some domestic companies granted, but the product is being attempted production, the tear strength of the fiber is lowered, the residual formaldehyde by high-temperature heat treatment in the resist printing, limited washing durability of water repellency due to the residual of the (wash is less than 5 times) and the fiber surface flame retardant had a very low utilization due to various problems such as deterioration, color change, flame retardant, compounded of water-repellent, antimicrobial is the reality that not even try.

현재 방염성과 발수성을 동시에 부여하는 기술은 일본 특개평 03-287872호의 브롬계 폴리머와 발수제로 퍼플루오르알킬기(perfluoralkyl group)함유 아크릴레이트(acrylate)를 공중합하여 만든 불소함유 공중합체로 이루어진 발수제의 혼합물로 처리하는 방법이 개시되어 있으나, 고가의 처리비용과 방염제와 발수제를 혼합함으로서 각각의 성능을 저하시키는 문제점이 있었다. Current techniques for imparting flame-resistant and water-repellent at the same time by fluorine flops in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 03-287872 favor brominated polymer and a water-repellent agent copolymerizing alkyl (perfluoralkyl group) containing acrylate (acrylate) of a mixture of a water-repellent agent comprising the fluorine-containing copolymer made of Although this method of treatment is disclosed, there is a problem of lowering the individual performance by mixing the expensive processing cost and a flame retardant and water-repellent agent. 또한, 국내의 방염성과 발수성을 동시에 부여하는 방법인 대한민국특허공개제1998-0444972호에서는 인계방염제 희석액과 불소계 발수제를 혼합하여 동시에 처리하는 방법이 개시되어 있나, 이러한 방법은 수용성 방염제의 영향으로 염색지의 원단의 색상을 변화시키는 문제점이 있다. Furthermore, Are the method for imparting flame retardancy and water-repellency at the same time the domestic Republic of Korea Patent Publication No. 1998-0444972 call by mixing a phosphorus flame retardant and a fluorine-based water repellent agent diluent is how to handle at the same time is disclosed, this method fingers staining under the influence of a water-soluble flame retardant there is a problem changing the color of the fabric. 대한민국특허출원제10-2001-0030317호의 경우 인취화물을 포함하는 방염제를 먼저 방염처리한 후 불소계 발수제를 처리하는 방법이 있으나, 그 기능이 방염, 발 수에 국한되고, 인취화물이 섬유표면상에 잔류함으로서 직물의 촉감저하, 색상변색을 유발하는 단점이 있었다. A flame retardant comprising a case of chwihwamul Patent Application No. 10-2001-0030317, but the first method for treating a fluorine-based water-repellent agent and then flame treated, and its function is limited to a flame, to be, in this chwihwamul on the fiber surface, Republic of Korea feel degraded by the residual fabric, there is a disadvantage that cause color fading.

그 외 여러업체들이 방염과 발수가 동시에 부여되는 가공제와 기술력 확보를 위해 연구 및 개발을 진행하고 있으며, 합섬섬유 방염ㆍ발수 가공 중 나일론 섬유의 방염제는 함질소화물, 폴리에스터 섬유는 인계 또는 할로겐 화합물을 사용하고, 발수제로는 불소계 발수제로 방염성 저하가 적은 제품을 선정하여 방염제와 발수제를 일정비율로 혼합하여 처리하는 방안이 제시되고 있으나 단독처리시에 비해 성능저하가 발생하였다. More has been several companies conduct research and development in order to secure processing agent and the technology is fireproof and water-repellent imparted at the same time, flame retardant nylon fibers of the synthetic fiber flame retardant and water-repellent is a nitrogen-containing goods, polyester fibers are turned over or halogen use of a compound, and a water repellent agent include a way to select a flame retardancy decreases to a fluorine-based water repellent agent less product to handle a mixture of flame retardant and water repellent agent at a constant rate is provided but the performance degradation occurred when compared with the single treatment.

현재 방염성과 항균성을 동시에 부여하는 기술은 대한민국등록특허제10-0666489호에 시트지에 불소계발수제와 전기분해로 제조된 은이온수(콜로이드)와 불소계 발수제등을 혼합하여 직물을 침지시키는 방법이 개시되어 있다. Current techniques for flame-resistant and at the same time imparting an antimicrobial has been disclosed a method in which a mixture of hot water such as a silver (colloidal) and the fluorine-based water-repellent agent prepared in the sheet paper to the Republic of Korea Patent No. 10-0666489, No. fluorine-based water-repellent agent and the electrolyte immersing the fabric . 불소계 발수제와 은계항균제를 혼합하여 발수, 항균처리를 한 경우에는 발수제에 의해 항균제가 봉쇄가 되기 때문에 항균성의 상당한 제한이 있으며, 은이온을 과량사용할 경우, 이온성에 의해 발수성의 저하를 초래하는 결과를 초래하기도 한다. When a water-repellent, antibacterial treatment by mixing a fluorine-based water-repellent agent and a silver-based antimicrobial agent, since it is an antibacterial agent is sealed by a water-repellent agent and a considerable restriction of the antibacterial properties, when it is used an excess of ions, the results by gender ion results in a reduction in the water repellency sometimes it caused.

상기와 같이 방염ㆍ발수, 발수ㆍ항균을 부여하는 기술은 일부 있으나, 방염, 발수, 항균특성의 일부저하 및 원단의 품질을 저하시키지 않고 상기 특성들을 동시에 부여하는 기술은 국내ㆍ외 전무한 실정이다. Technique for imparting flame retardant and water-repellent, water repellent and antimicrobial as described above are some, but without reducing the quality of the flame retardant, water-repellent, some degradation and fabric antibacterial properties techniques to give the above properties at the same time is the actual circumstances nonexistent other domestic and.

따라서 본 발명에서는 상기 종래 기술의 문제점을 해결하여 면섬유제품의 촉감저하 및 인열강도 저하가 발생하지 않으면서 동시에 우수한 방염ㆍ발수ㆍ항균기능성을 발현할 수 있는 면섬유의 가공방법을 제공하는 데 그 목적이 있다. Therefore, in the present invention to provide a do conventional solve the problems of the technique to not occur a lowering feeling lowered and the tear strength of the cotton fiber product at the same time the processing method of the cotton fibers to exhibit superior flame retardant and water repellent and antimicrobial functionality that purpose there is.

상기 목적을 달성하기 위한 본 발명에서는 THPC-요소초기축합물에 면섬유를 함침한 후 섬유내수분율이 15~20%가 되도록 100~110℃에서 1~2분 건조하는 단계, 건조된 면섬유를 암모니아 큐어챔버에서 상기 처리된 면섬유내의 인(P) 1mole당 2mole의 NH 3 가 가교결합하도록 큐어링하는 단계, 5% H 2 O 2 수용액에 침지하고 패더망글로 스퀴징한 후 30초~40초간 방치하는 산화단계, 80℃의 NaOH 2~4% 수용액에 넣어 10~15분간 방치한 후 온수에서 충분히 수세하는 단계, 면섬유용 불소알킬계 발수발유제 3.0~5.0중량%, 항균제로서 디메틸옥타데실[3-(트리메톡시실릴)프로필]암모늄클로라이드 0.5~1.0중량%, 나노은 담지 이산화티탄 광촉매졸 0.3~0.5중량% 및 잔부로써 물을 포함하는 면섬유용 발수ㆍ항균가공제에 상기 방염가공된 면섬유를 50~80%의 픽업율로 패딩한 후, 170~180℃에서 큐 Step of the present invention for achieving the above object, the water content within the cotton fiber after the impregnation in the initial condensate THPC- element fiber drying 15 to 20% 1 to 2 minutes at 100 ~ 110 ℃ that, the dried cotton ammonia cure step wherein a in the treated cotton fibers (P) 2mole per 1mole of the NH 3 in the chamber for curing to crosslink, 5% H 2 O, which is immersed in the second aqueous solution and left for squeegeeing a 30-40 seconds after a fader mangle oxidation step was placed in 4% aqueous solution of NaOH 2 ~ 10 ~ 80 ℃ step of thoroughly washed with water and then stand for 15 minutes in hot water, a fluorine-based water and oil repellent alkyl 3.0 ~ 5.0% by weight for cotton fiber, as an antibacterial agent, octadecyl dimethyl [3- (trimethoxysilyl) propyl] ammonium chloride, 0.5 to 1.0% by weight, the nanoeun supported titanium dioxide photocatalyst sol 0.3 to cotton above resist printing a water-repellent and hanggyunga deduction cotton fiber for containing water as a 0.5% by weight and the balance 50 to 80 after padding, the% pick-up rate, the queues at 170 ~ 180 ℃ 링하는 단계를 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 면섬유의 방염ㆍ 발수ㆍ 항균가공방법이 제공된다. Flame retardant and the cotton fibers, characterized in that it comprises the step of the ring is provided with a water repellent and antibacterial method.

이하 본 발명을 보다 상세히 설명하기로 한다. And below to more fully illustrate the present invention.

본 발명에 따른 면직물의 방염 목적을 달성하기 위한 가공방법은 기존의 THPC-요소초기축합물(Tetrakis Hydroxymethyl Phosphonium Chloride - Urea Precondensate)에 면섬유를 함침하여 섬유의 중량대비 2%이상의 인산이 함유될수 있도록 농도를 조절한 후, 섬유내수분율이 15~20%가 되도록 100~110℃에서 1~2분 건조시킨다. In order to achieve the object of the flame retardant cotton fabric in accordance with the present invention processing methods are conventional elements THPC- initial condensate-impregnated in the cotton fiber (Tetrakis Hydroxymethyl Phosphonium Chloride Urea Precondensate) to be contained the weight of the fiber of greater than 2%, compared to phosphate concentrations the control then, the fiber thereby minutes 1-2 was dried at 100 ~ 110 ℃ so that the water content in the 15% to 20%.

이렇게 건조된 면섬유를 암모니아 큐어챔버에서 상기 처리된 면섬유내의 인(P) 1mole당 2mole의 NH 3 가 가교결합하도록 기화된 암모니아 가스의 토출량을 조정하여 큐어링시킨다. This is a dry cotton fibers in the treated cotton fiber in an ammonia cure chamber (P) 2mole of NH 3 per 1mole to adjust the discharge amount of the ammonia gas to vaporize crosslinked to thereby cure the ring.

액체 암모니아는 전기 가열방식 강제 기화기를 사용하여 기화시키고 단위시간당 가스의 토출량을 정확히 조절할 수 있는 플로우메터(Flow meter)를 통과시켜 암모니아 큐어챔버(Ammonia Cure Chamber)로 투입시킨다. Thereby the liquid ammonia is fed to the flow rate was passed through a flow meter accurately (Flow meter) that can adjust the force of the electrically heated vaporizer and vaporized per unit time gas using ammonia curing chamber (Ammonia Cure Chamber). 암모니아 큐어챔버내에서 THPC-요소초기축합물과 NH 3 의 가교반응은 1~2초 이내의 빠른 시간에 일어나며, 이때 반응에 의한 발열이 심하므로 큐어챔버(Cure Chamber)내에 냉각수를 강제 순환 시킨다. Ammonia cure cross-linking reaction of the element THPC- initial condensate and NH 3 in the chamber takes place in a short time of within 1 ~ 2 seconds, this time because the heat generated by the reaction force the core is circulated cooling water in the curing chamber (Cure Chamber).

5% H 2 O 2 수용액에 침지하고 패더망글로 스퀴징한 후 30초~40초간 방치하는 산화시킨 후, 80℃의 NaOH 2~4% 수용액에 넣어 10~15분간 방치한 후 온수에서 충분히 수세하여 섬유표면에 남아있는 미반응 THPC-요소초기축합물 및 부가반응에 의해 생성된 포름알데히드 및 헥사메틸렌테트라민(hexamethylene tetramine)을 완전 제거시킨 후 건조시켰다. Immersed in a 5% H 2 O 2 aqueous solution, and then switch the squeezing a fader mangle was oxidized to stand 30-40 seconds, sufficiently washed with water after the user put in NaOH 2 ~ 4% aqueous solution of 80 ℃ allowed to stand 10-15 minutes heated and the formaldehyde and hexamethylenetetramine (hexamethylene tetramine) generated by the unreacted THPC- elements initial condensate and addition reaction that remains in the fiber surfaces was dried was removed completely. 상기 절차에 따라 처리된 면섬유는 고내구성 방염성을 발현하게 된다. Cotton treated according to the process is high expression durability flame retardancy.

이후 본 발명의 면섬유의 방염ㆍ 발수ㆍ 항균가공을 위해 면섬유용 불소알킬계 발수발유제 3.0~5.0중량%, 항균제로서 디메틸옥타데실[3-(트리메톡시실릴)프로필]암모늄클로라이드 0.5~1.0중량%, 나노은담지 이산화티탄 광촉매졸 0.3~0.5중량% 및 잔부로써 물을 포함하는 면섬유용 발수ㆍ항균가공제에 상기 방염가공된 면섬유를 50~80%의 픽업율로 패딩한 후, 170~180℃에서 큐어링하게 된다. Since dimethyl octadecyl [3- (trimethoxysilyl) propyl] as a flame retardant and water repellent and to antibacterial fluorinated alkyl-based water and oil repellent 3.0 ~ 5.0% by weight for cotton fiber, cotton fiber of the antibacterial agent of the present invention, ammonium chloride, 0.5 to 1.0 wt. %, after padding a nanoeun supported titanium dioxide photocatalyst sol 0.3 to cotton above resist printing a water-repellent and hanggyunga deduction cotton fiber for containing water as a 0.5% by weight and the balance to a pick-up rate of 50 to 80%, at 170 ~ 180 ℃ Cure is a ring.

상기 면섬유용 발수ㆍ항균 가공제는 내구성 증진제 및 가교제 함량이 높아 천연섬유인 면에 발수성을 보다 많이 부여할 수 있는 면섬유용 불소알킬계 발수발유제 3.0~5.0중량%, 항균제로서 디메틸옥타데실[3-(트리메톡시실릴)프로필]암모늄클로라이드 0.5~1.0중량%, 나노은담지 이산화티탄 광촉매졸 0.3~0.5중량% 및 잔부로써 물을 포함하여 이루어진다. The cotton fibers water-repellent and antibacterial agent is dimethyl dioctadecyl durability enhancing agent and the crosslinking agent content is increased fluorine alkyl-based water and oil repellent 3.0 for cotton fibers that can give more than a water-repellency on the surface of natural fiber to 5.0% by weight, as an antibacterial agent for [3 - (trimethoxysilyl) propyl] comprise water as ammonium chloride, 0.5 to 1.0% by weight, nanoeun supported TiO sol 0.3 to 0.5% by weight and the balance.

상기 면섬유용 불소알킬계 발수발유제는 기계를 사용한 강제 유화 방식의 O/W형 에멀젼을 제조한 후 유화중합 방법을 도입하여 제조된 발수제이다. The alkyl fluoride-based water and oil repellent for cotton fiber is a water-repellent agent prepared by introducing the emulsion polymerization method after preparing the O / W emulsion of a forced emulsification method using the machine. 상기 면섬유용 불소알킬계 발수발유제는 불소모노머, 알킬아크릴레이트 모노머 및 비닐모노머가 혼합된 혼합모노머 30~35중량%, 가교성 모노머인 에폭시 모노머 2~3중량%, 알킬 4급 암모늄염 또는 폴리옥시에틸렌알킬에테르 1~5중량% 아세톤 또는 다가 알코올인 용제 3~ 25중량% 및 잔부로서 물을 혼합하여 강제 유화 방식의 O/W형 에멀젼을 제조한 후 유화중합 방법으로 중합한 것을 사용하는 것이 바람직하다. The cotton fibers fluorine alkyl-based water and oil repellent fluorine monomer, alkyl acrylate monomer and a vinyl monomer is mixed with mixed monomers 30 to 35% by weight, the crosslinking monomer is an epoxy monomer 2-3% by weight of an alkyl quaternary ammonium salt or a polyoxyalkylene for polyoxyethylene alkyl ether 1-5% by weight of acetone or polyhydric alcohol in the solvent 3 to 25% by weight, and then a solution of water as the balance to prepare a O / W emulsion of a forced emulsification method and preferable to use a polymerization by the emulsion polymerization method Do. 상기 혼합모노머는 발수성을 부여하는 불소 모노머 60~70중량%, 촉감을 조절하는 알킬아크릴레이트(alkyl acrylate) 20~25중량%, 내구성을 조절하는 비닐모노머(vinyl monomer) 10~15중량%의 비율로 구성되도록 하고, 이에 가교성 모노머(hydroxy monomer, epoxy monomer)를 혼합하여 면섬유에 대한 내구성을 증진시킬 수 있다. The mixed monomer is an alkyl acrylate to 60 to 70% by weight of a fluorine monomer to impart water repellency, to adjust the touch (alkyl acrylate) 20 ~ 25 vinyl monomer wt%, adjusting the durability (vinyl monomer) ratio of 10 to 15% by weight so composed, whereby a mixture of the crosslinkable monomer (hydroxy monomer, epoxy monomer) can increase the durability of the cotton fiber.

상기 항균제인 디메틸옥타데실[3-(트리메톡시실릴)프로필]암모늄클로라이드는 하기 화학식 1과 같은 화학구조를 가지는 것으로서 내구항균성을 부여하는 역할을 하는데, 기존의 계면활성제에 의해 항균성을 잃어버리는 항균제에 비하여 상기 디메틸옥타데실[3-(트리메톡시실릴)프로필]암모늄클로라이드는 분자구조상 소수성기(트리메톡시실릴기)를 가져 세탁시 음이온계 계면활성제가 부착되지 않고, 발수제와 혼합하여 사용하는 경우 도 5와 같이 디메틸옥타데실[3-(트리메톡시실릴)프로필]암모늄클로라이드가 건조공정상 섬유표면상 침상구조로 배열되어 강력한 항균성을 가지게 된다. The antibacterial agent of dimethyl octadecyl [3- (trimethoxysilyl) propyl] ammonium chloride, to serve to impart durable antimicrobial as having the chemical structure of the following general formula (I) are antibacterial agents lose their antibacterial properties by conventional surfactants the dimethyl octadecyl compared to the [3- (trimethoxysilyl) propyl] ammonium chloride, molecular structure a hydrophobic group (trimethoxysilyl group) to take without the anionic surfactant is not attached when washing, if the water-repellent agent and mixed with as shown in FIG octadecyl dimethyl [3- (trimethoxysilyl) propyl] ammonium chloride, is arranged in the drying step the fiber surface is a needle-like structure have a strong antimicrobial activity.

[화학식 1] Formula 1

상기 나노은담지 이산화티탄 광촉매졸은 자외선을 조사하지 아니하고도 그 자체만으로도 항균능력을 가지는 것이지만 상기 발수제와 혼합하여 섬유상 처리시 발수제에 의해 항균력이 봉쇄되므로 항균력의 증진보다는 입자상으로 존재하여 발수처리면의 요철을 부여함으로써 표면장력을 증진하여 발수성을 증진하는 효과를 부여하는 역할을 하며, 함께 처리된 디메틸옥타데실[3-(트리메톡시실릴)프로필]암모늄클로라이드의 항균력을 보조하는 역할을 한다. The nanoeun supported titanium dioxide photocatalyst sol nor not irradiated with ultraviolet rays even by itself alone, but with antibacterial ability, because in combination with the water-repellent agent antibacterial activity is blocked by the time the fiber treatment water repellent agent to rather enhance the antimicrobial activity present in particle form irregularities on the water-repellent surface by giving the functions to assist the antibacterial effect of serving to impart the effects to improve the water repellency to improve the surface tension, and the dimethyl octadecyl [3- (trimethoxysilyl) propyl] ammonium chloride treatment together.

상기 면섬유용 발수ㆍ항균 가공제는 패딩에 의해 섬유표면상에 혼합된 형태로 도포되며(도 9 참조), 특히, 항균제인 디메틸옥타데실[3-(트리메톡시실릴)프로필]암모늄클로라이드가 구조상 소수성기인 실릴기를 가짐으로써 건조 후 항균제가 발수제의 표면으로 돌출되는 침상구조를 가지며(도 10 참조), 세탁시 음이온계 계면활성제가 항균제에 부착되어 항균성을 저하시키는 현상을 막을 수 있다. The water-repellent and antibacterial agent for cotton fiber is coated with a mixed form on the fiber surface by a padding (see Fig. 9), in particular, the antibacterial agent of dimethyl octadecyl [3- (trimethoxysilyl) propyl] ammonium chloride has the structure after drying by having an hydrophobic group of the silyl biocide has a needle-like structure which projects the surface of the water repellent agent (see Fig. 10), it becomes possible to prevent the phenomenon that the laundry when the anionic surfactant is attached to the antimicrobial agent decreases the anti-microbial. 또한, 실릴기구조가 소수성을 가짐으로써 발수성 저하를 막을 수 있다. In addition, a silyl group structure to prevent the water repellency reduced by having hydrophobic properties. 기본적으로 나노은담지 이산화티탄 광촉매졸에 의한 항균성은 당연히 가지게 되나 두 가지 타입의 항균제에 의한 상승효과를 가질 수 있다. By default, the antimicrobial by nanoeun supported titanium dioxide photocatalyst sol, but of course have can have a synergistic effect of the antibacterial agent of the two types.

또한, 본 발명에 의하면 상기 면 섬유용 항균 발수제에 상기의 방염가공처방으로 방염처리된 면섬유를 침지하여 50~80%의 픽업율로 패딩한 후, 170~180℃에서 큐어링하는 것을 특징으로 하는 면섬유의 방염ㆍ발수ㆍ항균가공방법이 제공되는데, 발수ㆍ항균성을 향상시키기 위하여 2차 패딩처리를 하는 것이 바람직하다. Further, according to the present invention by immersing the flame retardant treated cotton fibers to resist printing formulation of the antibacterial water repellent for the cotton fibers after padding with pick-up rate of 50 to 80%, characterized in that the ring Cure at 170 ~ 180 ℃ there is a flame retardant cotton fibers and water-repellent and antimicrobial processing method is provided, it is preferable that a second padding process in order to improve the water repellent and anti-microbial. 상기 면섬유용 발수ㆍ항균가공제의 농도는 4~6% OWS 인 것이 우수한 성능 및 부드러운 촉감을 부여하는 측면에서 바람직하다. That the concentration of the water-repellent and hanggyunga deduction for the cotton fibers is 4 ~ 6% OWS is preferable in terms of giving a good performance and a soft hand.

그러므로 본 발명에 의하면 방염가공에 의한 인취화물이 면섬유표면상에 잔류하는 것을 방지하여 직물의 촉감저하, 색상변색 및 인열강도 저하가 발생하지 않도록 하면서 동시에 우수한 방염ㆍ발수ㆍ항균기능성을 발현할 수 있는 면섬유의 가공방법을 제공할 수 있다. Therefore it is, according to the present invention expressing the chwihwamul is reduced feel of the fabric to avoid remaining on the cotton surface, and color fading, and excellent flame retardant and water repellent and antimicrobial functionality while at the same time tearing strength to avoid degradation by the resist printing which can provide a method of processing cotton fiber.

이하 다음의 실시예에서는 본 발명의 면섬유의 방염ㆍ발수ㆍ항균가공방법에 대한 비한정적인 예시를 하고 있다. Carried out under the following example, it has a non-limiting example of the flame retardant and water-repellent and antibacterial method of the cotton fibers of the present invention.

[실시예 1 내지 실시예 3] [Examples 1 to 3;

1. 방염가공 1. resist printing

하기 표 1의 소재를 사용하고 하기의 표 2의 처리조건에 의해 면섬유용 난연가공제를 처리하였다. To treated the nanyeonga deduction for cotton by the process conditions listed in Table 2 below using the materials shown in Table 1.

시료구분 Sample nine minutes 소재혼용률 Material Composition 조 직 Organization 중 량 weight
면직물 Hickory 면 100% 100% 3/1 twill 3/1 twill 216g/m 2 216g / m 2

면직물시료 (216g/㎡)의 처리 농도별 방염성 Cotton sample treatment concentrations of flame retardant (216g / ㎡)
원단에 처리한 방염제 주1 ) 농도 Processing the fabric flame retardant * 1) Concentration
(%) (%)
50 50
시료상 부착된 방염제의 고형분 농도(%) The solid content concentration of the sample attached to the flame retardant (%) 19.10 19.10
건조공정 수분율 The drying step the water content 17 17
산화욕의 과산화수소농도(w/w %) The hydrogen peroxide concentration in the oxidizing bath (w / w%) 5 5
공기산화시간(sec) Air Oxidation time (sec) 40 40
수세수의 가성소다의 농도(w/w %) The concentration of sodium hydroxide of a tax (w / w%) 2 2
수세수 It can wash
온도 및 시간(℃× sec) The temperature and time (℃ × sec)
80×600 80 × 600

주1) 방염제 1) Flame Retardant

- Tetrakis Hydroxymethyl Phosphonium Chloride-Urea Precondensate (THPC/urea : 2/1) - Tetrakis Hydroxymethyl Phosphonium Chloride-Urea Precondensate (THPC / urea: 2/1)

- 분자식: C 9 H 24 O 7 P 2 Cl 2 N 2 - Molecular formula: C 9 H 24 O 7 P 2 Cl 2 N 2

- 분자구조 : (HOCH 2 ) 3 PClCH 2 NHCONHCH 2 PCl(CH 2 OH) 3 Molecular structure: (HOCH 2) 3 PClCH 2 NHCONHCH 2 PCl (CH 2 OH) 3

- Specific Gravity : 1.28~1.30 (25℃) - Specific Gravity: 1.28 ~ 1.30 (25 ℃)

- 유효성분: 68% - active ingredient: 68%

Phosphorous Values: 10%P Phosphorous Values: 10% P

순 고형분당 인함량: 14.7% (10.0%× 100/68) Net solid amount of phosphorus per minute: 14.7% (10.0% × 100/68)

상기 가공 후 성능평가를 실시하고 그 결과를 하기 표 3에 나타내었다. After the processing carried out to evaluate the performance and the results are shown in Table 3 below.

시료 (216g/㎡)의 방염성 Flame retardancy of samples (216g / ㎡)
잔염시간 Remaining flame time
(sec) (Sec)
0 0
잔신시간 Jansin time
(sec) (Sec)
0 0
탄화거리 Distance carbide
(cm) (Cm)
7 7
탄화면적 Carbonized area
(cm 2 ) (cm 2)
18 18
LOI 값 LOI values 33.0 33.0

[한국 소방 검정공사 얇은 포의 방염성능 측정기준 (45˚법)] [Flame retardant performance metrics (45˚ law) of the Korea Fire Equipment Inspection Corporation thin Po;

[ASTM D 2860 LOI Tset] [ASTM D 2860 LOI Tset]

2. 발수항균가공 2. Water-repellent antibacterial

하기 표 4의 조성비에 의해 면섬유용 불소알킬계 발수발유제(KF GUARD 1200, NICCA KOREA), 디메틸옥타데실[3-(트리메톡시실릴)프로필]암모늄클로라이드 항균제(Sanitized T99-19, Clariant), 나노은담지 이산화티탄 광촉매졸(NPX-520, (주)나눅스) 및 잔부로써 물을 혼합하여 용해함으로써 면섬유용 발수ㆍ항균가공제를 각각 제조하였다. To fluorine alkyl-based water and oil repellent for cotton fibers by the composition ratio shown in Table 4 (KF GUARD 1200, NICCA KOREA), octadecyl dimethyl [3- (trimethoxysilyl) propyl] ammonium chloride biocide (Sanitized T99-19, Clariant), the nanoeun supported TiO sol (NPX-520, (primary) or Linux) and a mixture of water as the remainder was dissolved by water-repellent and hanggyunga deduction for cotton fibers were prepared, respectively. 상기 방염가공한 원단을 상기 면섬유용 발수항균가공제 5% OWS 농도로 60% 픽업율로 패딩하고, 170℃에서 2min간 큐어링하였다 The resist printing a water-repellent fabric as the cotton fiber hanggyunga deduction 5% OWS concentrations and padded to 60% pick-up rate, and the ring between Cure at 170 ℃ 2min

구분 division
중량비(%) The weight ratio (%)
실시예 1 Example 1 실시예 2 Example 2 실시예 3 Example 3
면섬유용 불소알킬계 발수발유제 Fluorine type water and oil repellent for cotton alkyl
이온성: non-ionic/cationic Ionic: non-ionic / cationic
PH: 3.0 - 5.0 PH: 3.0 - 5.0
비중 : 1.080 - 1.090 g/㎤ Specific gravity: 1.080 - 1.090 g / ㎤
3 3 4 4 5 5
항균제 Antimicrobials
(디메틸옥타데실[3-(트리메톡시실릴)프로필]암모늄클로라이드) (Octadecyl dimethyl [3- (trimethoxysilyl) propyl] ammonium chloride)
1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
나노은담지 이산화티탄 광촉매졸(NPX-520, (주)나눅스) Nanoeun supported titanium dioxide photocatalyst sol (NPX-520, (primary) or Linux) 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
water 95.5 95.5 94.5 94.5 93.5 93.5

상기 발수 항균가공 실시후 성능평가를 실시하고 그 결과를 하기 표 5에 나타내었다. Conduct performance evaluation after the water-repellent antibacterial embodiment and are shown in the following Table 5 as a result.

방염ㆍ 발수ㆍ항균성 실험결과 Flame retardant and water-repellent and anti-microbial test results
구분 division
실시예1 Example 1 실시예2 Example 2 실시예3 Example 3
세탁전 Laundry ago 세탁30회 후 After 30 washes 세탁전 Laundry ago 세탁30회 후 After 30 washes 세탁전 Laundry ago 세탁30회 후 After 30 washes
잔염시간 Remaining flame time
(sec) (Sec)
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
잔신시간 Jansin time
(sec) (Sec)
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
탄화거리 Distance carbide
(cm) (Cm)
7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
탄화면적 Carbonized area
(cm2) (Cm2)
19 19 18 18 19 19 18 18 20 20 19 19
LOI 값 LOI values 30.0 30.0 31.0 31.0 30.0 30.0 31.0 31.0 30.0 30.0 31.0 31.0
발수성(점) Repellents (points) 100 100 90 90 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
항균성(%) Antimicrobial (%) 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9

# 방염성 : 한국 소방 검정공사 얇은 포의 방염성능 측정기준 (45˚법) # Flame retardant: flame retardant based on measuring the performance of a thin fabric Korea Fire Equipment Inspection Corporation (45˚ Act)

ASTM D2860 LOI Tset ASTM D2860 LOI Tset

# 발수성 : AATCC 22 # Repellents: AATCC 22

# 항균성 : KS K 0693 균수감소법 Antimicrobial #: KS K 0693 bacteria Reduction Act

균주Ⅰ - Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538(도 7) Strain Ⅰ - Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538 (7)

균주 Ⅱ - Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 4352(도 8) Strain Ⅱ - Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 4352 (8)

# 세탁 내구성 시험조건:AATCC 135 # Laundering durability test conditions: AATCC 135

세탁싸이클: 30℃× 50 분, Washing cycle: 30 ℃ × 50 min,

세탁 세제: 66g AATCC Standard Detergent Laundry Detergent: 66g AATCC Standard Detergent

건 조: 텀블건조 (Ⅱ)delicate Drying: Tumble dry (Ⅱ) delicate

손다림질여부 : 손다림질함. Whether hand-ironing: Ironing should hand.

도 1은 본 발명의 실시예 1의 면직물의 세탁 30회 후 전계방사전자현미경(× 100) 사진이며, Figure 1 is an embodiment cotton washing 30 times after a field emission electron micrograph of a 1 (× 100) picture of the present invention,

도 2는 본 발명의 실시예 1의 면직물의 세탁 30회 후 전계방사전자현미경(× 3,000) 사진으로서 가공이 된 원단의 표면상에 가공제가 부착되어 있는 사진이며, 2 is a picture that is processing agent attached to the surface of the first embodiment of the cotton is processed as a washing 30 times after the field emission electron microscope (× 3,000) of a photo fabric of the present invention,

도 3은 본 발명의 실시예 1의 면직물의 세탁 30회 후 전계방사전자현미경(× 100,000) 사진으로서 가공이 된 원단의 표면상에 가공제가 부착되어 있는 사진이며, Figure 3 is a photo processing agent, which is attached to the surface of the processing as the first embodiment cotton washing 30 times after the field emission electron micrograph of the (× 100,000) photo of the invention fabric,

도 4는 본 발명의 공정도로 패딩 → 건조 → 암모니아 가스 큐어링 → 산화 → 세정, 건조의 공정으로 가공되어지는 공정도이며, 4 is a process chart which is processed into a padding → drying → ammonia gas → curing oxidation → washing, a drying step in a process chart of the present invention,

도 5는 본 발명의 실시예 1의 면섬유의 단면을 나타낸 사시도이며, Figure 5 is a perspective view of a section of the cotton fibers according to the first embodiment of the invention,

도 6은 본 발명의 실시예 1에 의해 패딩공정에서 난연제를 면섬유의 비결정영역인 미셀사이에 침투시킨 후 암모니아 가스에 의해 폴리머를 형성한 것을 나타낸 사시도이며, And Figure 6 is a perspective view showing that the formation of the polymers by adding a flame retardant in a padding process by the first embodiment of the present invention to the ammonia gas then penetrates between the amorphous region of cotton fibers micelles,

도 7은 본 발명의 실시예 1에 사용된 디메틸옥타데실[3-(트리메톡시실릴)프로필]암모늄클로라이드의 섬유상 부착을 입체적으로 나타낸 사시도이며, And Figure 7 is a perspective view showing a three-dimensional fibrous attachment of dimethyl octadecyl [3- (trimethoxysilyl) propyl] ammonium chloride used in Example 1 of the present invention,

도 8은 본 발명의 실시예 1의 발수ㆍ항균기능의 복합가공제의 패딩 공정도이며, 8 is a process chart of the padding bokhapga deduction of the water-repellent and antimicrobial according to the first embodiment of the invention,

도 9는 본 발명의 실시예 1에 의해 방염가공이 된 면섬유에 발수, 항균제가 섬유표면상 혼합된 형태로 도포된 것을 설명한 사시도이며, And Figure 9 is a perspective view of the described water-repellent, antibacterial agent is applied to the mixture of the fiber surface in the resist printing process by the first embodiment of the present invention cotton fiber,

도 10은 본 발명의 실시예 1에 의해 섬유표면상 항균제 및 나노은 담지 이산화티탄 광촉매가 발수제의 표면으로 돌출되는 침상구조를 가지는 구조를 설명한 모형의 사시도이며, And Figure 10 is a perspective view of a model for explaining the structure of Example 1 on the fiber surface and the biocide nanoeun supported titanium dioxide photocatalyst by the present invention is having a needle-like structure which projects the surface of the water repellent agent,

도 11은 본 발명의 실시예 1의 면직물의 세탁 30회 후 항균성 실험결과사진이며(Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538 ; 정균감소율 99.9%) Figure 11 is an embodiment washing 30 times after the antibacterial test results of the picture of cotton 1 of the present invention (Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538; bacteriostatic reduction rate of 99.9%)

도 12는 본 발명의 실시예 1의 면직물의 세탁 30회 후 항균성 실험결과사진이다(Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 4352; 정균감소율 99.9%). 12 is Example 1 after washing of cotton 30 times of antibacterial experiments of the present invention picture (Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 4352; bacteriostatic reduction rate of 99.9%).

Claims (3)

  1. THPC-요소초기축합물에 면섬유를 함침한 후 섬유내수분율이 15~20%가 되도록 100~110℃에서 1~2분 건조하는 단계, 건조된 면섬유를 암모니아 큐어챔버에서 상기 처리된 면섬유내의 인(P) 1mole당 2mole의 NH 3 가 가교결합하도록 큐어링하는 단계, 5% H 2 O 2 수용액에 침지하고 패더망글로 스퀴징한 후 30초~40초간 방치하는 산화단계, 80℃의 NaOH 2~4% 수용액에 넣어 10~15분간 방치한 후 온수에서 충분히 수세하는 단계, 면섬유용 불소알킬계 발수발유제 3.0~5.0중량%, 항균제로서 디메틸옥타데실[3-(트리메톡시실릴)프로필]암모늄클로라이드 0.5~1.0중량%, 나노은담지 이산화티탄 광촉매졸 0.3~0.5중량% 및 잔부로써 물을 포함하는 면섬유용 발수ㆍ항균가공제에 상기 방염가공된 면섬유를 50~80%의 픽업율로 패딩한 후, 170~180℃에서 큐어링하는 단계를 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하 THPC- element comprising: my after impregnating the cotton fiber in the initial condensate of fiber dry water content 15 to 20% 1 to 2 minutes at 100 ~ 110 ℃ so that, in the said processed cotton fibers the dried cotton fiber in an ammonia cure chamber ( of P) 2mole per 1mole NH 3 is crosslinking step of curing so as to engage, 5% H 2 oxidation step of O immersed in a second aqueous solution, and allowed to stand squeezing a 30-40 seconds after a fader mangle, of 80 ℃ NaOH 2 ~ a step, a fluorine-based water and oil repellent alkyl 3.0 ~ 5.0% by weight, the antibacterial agent for cotton and put in a 4% aqueous solution sufficiently washed with water in the hot water and then allowed to stand for 10-15 minutes, octadecyl dimethyl [3- (trimethoxysilyl) propyl] ammonium after padding, the chloride 0.5 to 1.0% by weight, nanoeun supported titanium dioxide photocatalyst sol 0.3 to cotton above resist printing a water-repellent and hanggyunga deduction cotton fiber for containing water as a 0.5% by weight and the balance to a pick-up rate of 50 to 80%, and characterized in that it comprises the step of curing at 170 ~ 180 ℃ 면섬유의 방염ㆍ 발수ㆍ 항균가공방법. Flame retardant and water repellent and antimicrobial method of processing cotton fiber.
  2. 제 1항에 있어서, 상기 면섬유용 불소알킬계 발수발유제는 불소모노머, 알킬아크릴레이트 모노머 및 비닐모노머가 혼합된 혼합모노머 30~35중량%, 가교성 모노머인 에폭시 모노머 2~3중량%, 알킬 4급 암모늄염 또는 폴리옥시에틸렌알킬에테르 1~5중량% 아세톤 또는 다가 알코올인 용제 3~ 25중량% 및 잔부로서 물을 혼합하여 강제 유화 방식의 O/W형 에멀젼을 제조한 후 유화중합방법으로 중합한 것을 특징으 로 하는 면섬유의 방염ㆍ 발수ㆍ 항균가공방법. The method of claim 1, wherein the fluorine-alkyl-based water and oil repellent for cotton fiber is a fluorine monomer, alkyl acrylate monomer and a vinyl monomer is mixed with mixed monomers 30 to 35% by weight, the crosslinking monomer is an epoxy monomer 2-3% by weight of alkyl a quaternary ammonium salt or a polyoxyethylene alkyl ether polymerized with 1 to 5% by weight of acetone or polyhydric alcohol in the solvent 3 to 25% by weight, and then a solution of water as the balance to prepare a O / W emulsion of a forced emulsification method and emulsion polymerization method flame retardant and water-repellent and antibacterial method of the cotton fiber to the one coming as a feature.
  3. 삭제 delete
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KR101248988B1 (en) 2010-11-09 2013-03-29 박승권 Environmental-friendly treating agent of textiles and the textiles treated by the agent and treating method thereof

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KR200458615Y1 (en) * 2010-04-22 2012-06-12 주식회사 쌍방울트라이그룹 Water repellent cotton fabric with moisture permeability

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JP2002220784A (en) 2001-01-18 2002-08-09 Toray Ind Inc Water-repellent/flame-retardant/antimicrobial textile product and method for producing the same
US6491727B1 (en) 1999-06-09 2002-12-10 Cotton Incorporated Methods for reducing the flammability of cellulosic substrates
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JPH0813345A (en) * 1994-06-22 1996-01-16 Albright & Wilson Ltd Flame-retardant treatment of fabrics
US6491727B1 (en) 1999-06-09 2002-12-10 Cotton Incorporated Methods for reducing the flammability of cellulosic substrates
JP2002220784A (en) 2001-01-18 2002-08-09 Toray Ind Inc Water-repellent/flame-retardant/antimicrobial textile product and method for producing the same
US20050272334A1 (en) 2003-01-10 2005-12-08 Yunzhang Wang Textile substrates having layered finish structure for improving liquid repellency and stain release

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101248988B1 (en) 2010-11-09 2013-03-29 박승권 Environmental-friendly treating agent of textiles and the textiles treated by the agent and treating method thereof

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