KR101035065B1 - Battery pack with charge control function - Google Patents

Battery pack with charge control function Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101035065B1
KR101035065B1 KR1020030083442A KR20030083442A KR101035065B1 KR 101035065 B1 KR101035065 B1 KR 101035065B1 KR 1020030083442 A KR1020030083442 A KR 1020030083442A KR 20030083442 A KR20030083442 A KR 20030083442A KR 101035065 B1 KR101035065 B1 KR 101035065B1
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
charge
charge control
control
discharge
circuit
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KR1020030083442A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20040086129A (en
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데라다유키히로
미우라세이지
이케우치아키라
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미쓰미덴기가부시기가이샤
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0029Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries with safety or protection devices or circuits
    • H02J7/0031Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries with safety or protection devices or circuits using battery or load disconnect circuits
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0029Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries with safety or protection devices or circuits
    • H02J7/00302Overcharge protection
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0029Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries with safety or protection devices or circuits
    • H02J7/00306Overdischarge protection

Abstract

Controlling charge control IC and charge protection IC only on the battery pack side.
The battery pack 100 with the charge control function controls the discharge current flowing from the secondary battery 70 to the load by the on / off of the discharge control switch 40 and at the same time, the charger 500 starts with the secondary battery 70. The charging protection circuit 200 for controlling the charging current flowing through the control by the on / off of the charge control switch 30, and when the abnormal voltage is input, the charger by the on / off of the charge control switch 30 And a charge control circuit 600 having a function of stopping charging of the secondary battery 70 by 500.
Figure R1020030083442
IC, FET, thermistor, secondary battery, battery module, GND terminal, power transistor, diode.

Description

Battery pack with charge control function {BATTERY PACK WITH CHARGE CONTROL FUNCTION}

1 is a block diagram showing a configuration of a battery pack with a charge control function according to an embodiment of the present invention.

2 is a block diagram showing the configuration of a conventional battery module.

3 is a block diagram showing the structure of a conventional battery pack and a protection circuit (charge protection IC) included therein.

4 is a block diagram showing the structure of a conventional charger and a charge control circuit (charge control IC) included therein.

(Explanation of the sign)

20 Battery Protection ICs 30 Charge Control Transistors (FETs)

40 discharge control transistor (FET)

50 Temperature Detector 70 Secondary Battery (Li-ion Cell)

100 Battery Pack 200 Charge Protection IC

210 Overcharge Control Circuit 220 Overcharge Control Circuit

300 secondary battery 400 load

500 Charger 600 Charge Control Circuit (Charge Control IC)

700 adapter 800 'battery module                 

801 Discharge Positive Terminal 802 Negative Terminal (GND Terminal)

803 Rechargeable Bipolar Tr Power Transistors

D diode R current sense resistor

The present invention relates to a battery pack, and more particularly, to a battery pack with a charge control function having a charge control function and a charge protection function in a battery pack.

Among the rechargeable batteries (secondary batteries), particularly, lithium-ion batteries are weak in overdischarge and overcharge, and thus, a protection circuit for detecting the overdischarge state and the overcharge state and protecting the secondary battery from the overdischarge state and the overcharge state ( Charge protection IC) is indispensable. That is, the protection circuit (charge protection IC) is provided with the over-discharge prevention mechanism and the overcharge prevention mechanism. Some protection circuits (charge protection ICs) also detect an overcurrent state during discharge of the secondary battery, and protect the secondary battery from the overcurrent state. In this case, the protection circuit (charge protection IC) is provided with an overdischarge prevention mechanism, an overcharge prevention mechanism, and an overcurrent prevention mechanism. However, below, the protection circuit (charge protection IC) of a secondary battery provided with the over discharge prevention mechanism and the overcharge prevention mechanism is demonstrated.

The battery unit provided with such a protection circuit (charge protection IC) is called a "battery pack." On the other hand, when the secondary battery is in an overdischarge state, it is necessary to stop the discharge and charge the secondary battery using a "charger". The charger includes an adapter and a charge control circuit (charge control IC). That is, conventionally, a battery pack has only a protection circuit (charge protection IC) built in, and the charger has a charge control circuit (charge control IC).

2 shows a conventional battery module 800 'incorporating a charge protection IC 200 and a charge control IC 600. As shown in FIG.

The illustrated battery module 800 ′ has a positive electrode terminal 801 for discharge, a negative electrode terminal 802, and a positive electrode terminal 803 for charging. A load 400 is connected between the discharge positive electrode terminal 801 and the negative electrode terminal 802, and a commercially available charger 700 is connected between the positive electrode terminal 803 and the negative electrode terminal 802 for charging. . In addition, the negative electrode terminal 802 is called a GND terminal.

The battery module 800 'includes a secondary battery 300, a charge protection IC 200, a charge control IC 600, a peripheral circuit thereof (power transistor Tr, diode D, and current detection). Resistor R, a first field effect transistor FET1 acting as a discharge control switch, and a second field effect transistor FET2 acting as a charge control switch.

The charge protection IC 200 is connected between the positive electrode terminal 801 for discharge and the negative electrode (-pole) of the secondary battery 300. The charge control IC 600 and its peripheral circuit are connected between the positive electrode terminal 803 for charging and the negative electrode (-pole) of the secondary battery 300.

According to this configuration, it is possible to use a charger consisting of only the adapter 700.

3 and 4, a conventional battery pack 100 ′ and a conventional charger 500 ′ will be described. FIG. 3 is a block diagram showing the structure of a conventional battery pack and a protection circuit (charge protection IC) provided therein, and FIG. 4 shows a structure of a conventional charger and a charge control circuit (charge control IC) provided therein. It is a block diagram.

First, a conventional battery pack 100 'will be described with reference to FIG. In addition, such a battery pack is disclosed by the following patent document 1 as a "chargeable power supply circuit." Below, the conventional battery pack 100 'is demonstrated based on description of this patent document 1. As shown in FIG. In addition, although the specific structure with respect to a control means is not shown in this patent document 1, in the following description, the structure of a control means is inferred and demonstrated based on description of the specification.

As shown in FIG. 3, the battery pack 100 ′ includes a positive electrode terminal 101 and a negative electrode terminal 102. The positive terminal 101 and the negative terminal 102 are also called external connection terminals. A load 400 or a charger 500 '(described later) is connected between the positive terminal 101 and the negative terminal 102.

The illustrated battery pack 100 ′ has a secondary battery 300 including at least one lithium ion battery (unit battery) 301. The secondary battery 300 generates a battery voltage Vcc (ba). A protection circuit (charge protection IC) 200 is connected in parallel to this secondary battery 300. The main functions of the protection circuit (charge protection IC) 200 are an over discharge protection function and an over charge protection function. The protection circuit (charge protection IC) 200 has an over-discharge control circuit 210 for over discharge protection and an over-charge control circuit 220 for overcharge protection.

In the overdischarge control circuit 210, an overdischarge detection threshold voltage Vth (od) is set. That is, the over-discharge control circuit 210 compares the battery voltage Vcc (ba) and the over-discharge detection threshold voltage Vth (od), so that the battery voltage Vcc is the over-discharge detection threshold voltage Vth. If it is lower than (od), it is determined that it is overdischarged, and a logic level level of overdischarge detection signal is output. Although not shown, the overdischarge control circuit 210 divides the zener diode for generating the overdischarge detection reference voltage corresponding to the overdischarge detection threshold voltage Vth (od) and the battery voltage Vcc. An over-discharge resistance divider circuit comprising a series-connected bleeder resistor, an over-discharge detection comparator for comparing the over-discharge divided voltage generated from the over-discharge resistance voltage divider and a reference voltage for over-discharge detection, And an overdischarge-only hysteresis circuit connected between the output terminal and the non-inverting input terminal.

When the over-discharge divided voltage becomes lower than the over-discharge detection reference voltage (that is, when the battery voltage Vcc (ba) becomes lower than the over-discharge detection threshold voltage Vth (od)), the over-discharge detection comparator Outputs the overdischarge detection signal of the level. On the other hand, the overdischarge return voltage obtained by the battery voltage Vcc (ba) is applied to the overdischarge detection threshold voltage Vth (od) by applying the overdischarge hysteresis voltage Vht (od) defined by the overdischarge hysteresis circuit. When it is higher than (Vth (od) + Vhy (od)), the overdischarge detection comparator outputs a logic high level overdischarge protection release signal.

Similarly, in the overcharge control circuit 220, the overcharge detection threshold voltage Vth (oc) is set. That is, the overcharge control circuit 220 compares the battery voltage Vcc (ba) and the overcharge detection threshold voltage Vth (oc), so that the battery voltage Vcc is overcharge detection threshold voltage Vth (oc). If it is higher than), it is determined that it is overcharged, and an overcharge detection signal having a logic level is output. Although not shown, the overcharge control circuit 220 divides the zener diode for generating the overcharge detection reference voltage corresponding to the overcharge detection threshold voltage Vth (oc) and the battery voltage Vcc (ba). An overcharge resistance divider circuit comprising a series of connected bleeder resistors, an overcharge detection comparator for comparing the overcharge voltage divider voltage generated from the overcharge resistance voltage divider circuit with a reference voltage for overcharge detection, and an output terminal of the overcharge detection comparator, It has an overcharge hysteresis circuit connected between inverting input terminals.

When the voltage divider voltage for overcharging becomes higher than the reference voltage for overcharging detection (that is, when the battery voltage Vcc (ba) becomes higher than the overcharge detection threshold voltage Vth (oc)), the overcharge detecting comparator is logic low level overcharge. Output the detection signal. On the other hand, the battery voltage Vcc (ba) is obtained by subtracting the overcharge hysteresis voltage Vhy (oc) defined in the overcharge hysteresis circuit from the overcharge detection threshold voltage Vth (oc). oc) -Vhy (oc)), the overcharge detection comparator outputs a logic high level overcharge protection release signal.

In addition, the first and second field effect transistors FET1 and FET2 are connected in series between the negative electrode (-pole) and the negative electrode terminal 102 of the secondary battery 300. The first field effect transistor FET1 operates as a discharge control switch, and the second field effect transistor FET2 operates as a charge control switch.

When a logic low level overdischarge detection signal is supplied from the overdischarge control circuit 210 to the gate of the first field effect transistor FET1, the first field effect transistor FET1 is turned off. On the other hand, when a logic high level overdischarge protection release signal is supplied from the overdischarge control circuit 210 to the gate of the first field effect transistor FET1, the first field effect transistor FET1 is turned on. Similarly, when a logic low level overcharge detection signal is supplied from the overcharge control circuit 220 to the gate of the second field effect transistor FET2, the second field effect transistor FET2 is turned off. When a logic high level overcharge protection release signal is supplied from the overcharge control circuit 220 to the gate of the second field effect transistor FET2, the second field effect transistor FET2 is turned on.

As described in Patent Document 1, the first field effect transistor FET1 has a parasitic diode Dp1 and is connected so that its forward direction becomes the charging direction of the secondary battery 300. The second field effect transistor FET2 has a parasitic diode Dp2 and is connected so that its forward direction becomes the discharge direction of the secondary battery 300. Therefore, even if the first field effect transistor FET1 is turned off, the parasitic diode Dp1 can be charged. In addition, even if the second field effect transistor FET2 is turned off, the discharge is possible by the parasitic diode Dp2.

Next, the charger 500 'will be described with reference to FIG. The charger 500 'includes a positive terminal 501 and a negative terminal 502. The positive terminal 501 and the negative terminal 502 of the charger 500 'are connected to the positive terminal 101 and the negative terminal 102 of the battery pack 100', respectively.

The illustrated charger 500 ′ includes an adapter 700. The adapter 700 generates an adapter voltage Vcc (ad). A charge control circuit (charge control IC) 600 is connected to this adapter 700 in parallel via a power transistor Tr, a diode D, and a current detection resistor R. The main functions of this charge control circuit (charge control IC) 600 are a constant current charging function, a constant voltage charging function, and a primary side overvoltage detection function. The charge control circuit (charge control IC) 600 includes a constant current control circuit 610 for a constant current charging function, a constant voltage control circuit 620 for a constant voltage charging function, and 1 for a primary side overvoltage detection function. The vehicle side overvoltage detection circuit 630 is provided.

The constant current control circuit 610 is a circuit for controlling the power transistor Tr and charging the battery pack 100 'with a constant current so that the potential difference between both ends of the current detection resistor R is kept constant. The constant voltage control circuit 620 detects the battery voltage Vcc (ba) of the secondary battery 300 and applies the power transistor Tr so that the battery voltage Vcc (ba) does not become a predetermined voltage or more. It is a circuit for controlling and charging the battery pack 100 '. The primary side overvoltage detection circuit 630 detects the primary side (adapter) voltage Vcc (ad), and turns off the power transistor Tr when the primary side voltage Vcc (ad) is overvoltage. This is a circuit for stopping charging.

The power transistor Tr, the diode D, and the current detection resistor R are connected in series in this order between the positive electrode (+ pole) and the positive electrode terminal 501 of the adapter 700.

As described above, the conventional battery pack 100 'includes only the charge protection IC 200, and the conventional charger 500' includes the charge control IC 600. That is, the conventional charger 500 'is to charge the battery pack 100' exclusively. In other words, one commercially available as the charger 500 'cannot be used. Therefore, in order to make it possible to use a commercially available charger as a charger, that is, to make it possible to use only the adapter 700 as the charger, it is conceivable to incorporate the charge control IC 600 and its peripheral circuits in the battery pack side. Can be.

(Patent Document 1)

Japanese Patent No. 2872365

Here, the conventional battery protection had a function of preventing the ignition of the battery during overcharging, preventing the battery from deteriorating, or suppressing the deterioration and heat generation of the battery due to the discharge. In addition, in pursuit of safety, cases leading to ignition have almost disappeared. However, suppression of battery deterioration is greatly desired in reality.

However, the above-described conventional battery module 800 ′ required a device for controlling charge, that is, a power transistor Tr of FIG. 3 and two elements of the second field effect transistor FET2 operating as a charge control switch. Here, since the power transistor Tr and the second field effect transistor FET2 are built in the charger and the battery pack, respectively, manufacturing cost is high. In addition, since charge control and charge protection were controlled on both the charger side and the battery pack side, the control of the battery protection function (charge control function and charge protection function) was also complicated.

In addition, the above control was also difficult due to the heat generated from the two elements.

Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a secondary battery charge control circuit that can exhibit a battery protection function at a simple and low cost that can solve the above problems.

According to the present invention, the discharge current flowing from the secondary battery 70 to the load is controlled by the on / off of the discharge control switch 40 and the charging current flowing from the charger 500 to the secondary battery 70 is also controlled. The charge protection circuit 200 controls the on / off of the charge control switch 30 and when the abnormal voltage is input, the on / off by the charger 500 by the on / off of the charge control switch 30. A battery pack 100 with a charge control function can be obtained, which has a charge control circuit 600 having a function of stopping charging of the secondary battery 70.

Further, according to the present invention, the discharge control switch is a discharge control field effect transistor 40 having a gate as a control terminal, and the charge control switch is a charge control field effect transistor 30 having a gate as a control terminal. A battery pack 100 with a charge control function can be obtained.

Further, according to the present invention, the discharge control field effect transistor 30 controls the over-discharge control circuit 210 of the charge protection circuit 200, and the charge control field effect transistor 30 is the charge protection circuit. It is possible to obtain a battery pack with a charge control function, which controls the overcharge control circuit 220 of 200 and simultaneously controls the charge control circuit 600.

Moreover, according to the present invention, the characteristics of the charge control field effect transistor 30 are controlled by the one charge control field effect transistor 30 so as to control both charge control and overcharge control. The battery pack 100 with the charge control function can be obtained, wherein the drain current is adjusted.

Furthermore, according to the present invention, the battery pack 100 with the charge control function, which is characterized in that the charge protection circuit 200 includes a temperature detection device 50.

Furthermore, according to the present invention, the temperature detecting device 50 performs temperature detection in discharge control by the discharge control switch 40 and temperature detection in charge control by the charge control switch 30. A battery pack 100 with a charge control function can be obtained.

The code | symbol in the said parentheses is attached in order to make understanding of this invention easy, It is only one example, Of course, it is not limited to these.

Embodiment of the Invention

Hereinafter, with reference to FIG. 1, the secondary battery charge control circuit which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention is demonstrated. In addition, the charge control IC 600 and the charge protection IC 200 in the illustrated battery pack 100 have the same configuration as the conventional charge control IC 600 and the charge protection IC 200 shown in FIG. 3. . Therefore, the same reference numerals are given to those having the same functions as shown in Fig. 3, and the description thereof is omitted for the sake of simplicity. In the present embodiment, the parasitic diode Dp1 and the second field effect transistor FET2 connected to the first field effect transistor FET1 described in the above-described prior art so that the forward direction becomes the charging direction of the secondary battery. ), The parasitic diode Dp2 connected to the forward direction of the secondary battery is omitted from the drawing.

As shown in FIG. 1, the battery pack 100 includes a battery protection IC 20 including a charge control IC 600, a charge protection IC 200, and a temperature detection device 50, and a secondary battery. (Li-ion cell) 70, the charge control transistor (FET30) and the discharge control transistor (FET40) connected in series between the negative electrode (-pole) of the secondary battery 70 and the negative terminal of the charger 500. Has

The main functions of the charge protection IC 200 are the over discharge protection function and the over charge protection function. As shown in FIG. 3, the charge protection IC 200 includes an overdischarge control circuit 210 serving as an overdischarge protection function and an overcharge control circuit 220 serving as an overcharge protection function. Since the function of the charge protection IC 200 has been described in detail in the above-described prior art, only the points related to the present invention will be described here, and the description of other parts will be omitted.

As shown in FIG. 4, the charge control IC 600 includes a constant current control circuit 610 for a constant current charging function, a constant voltage control circuit 620 for a constant voltage charging function, and a primary overvoltage detection function. The primary side overvoltage detection circuit 630 is provided.

The discharge control transistor FET40 operates only as a discharge control switch, and the charge control transistor FET30 has the following functions in addition to operating as a charge control switch.

The charge control transistor FET30 is controlled by the constant current control circuit 610 to keep the potential difference across both ends of the current detection resistor R constant, and the secondary battery 70 is controlled by the constant voltage control circuit 620. The battery voltage Vcc (ba) is detected so that the battery voltage Vcc (ba) is controlled so as not to be above a constant voltage.                     

In this case, receiving the control signal output from the constant current control circuit 620, the charge control transistor FET30 is current controlled, but it is necessary to determine the transistor characteristics of the charge control transistor FET30 so that desired constant current control can be performed. Shall be. For example, when performing constant current control, the control signal voltage output from the constant current control circuit 620 is set so that the drain current of the charge control transistor FET30 becomes a predetermined value. The same applies to the constant voltage control.

In addition, when the primary side voltage Vcc (ad) is greater than or equal to the overvoltage, the primary side (adapter) voltage Vcc (ad) is detected by the primary side overvoltage detection circuit 630, and the charge control transistor FET30 Turns off, and charging stops. In this charge stop control, it is also necessary to set the transistor characteristics so as to perform the above operation together with the constant current control and the overcharge control, and also to set the control signal voltage from the overvoltage detection circuit.

On the other hand, in the overcharge control, when a logic low level overcharge detection signal is supplied from the overcharge control circuit 220 to the gate of the charge control transistor FET30, the charge control transistor FET30 is turned off. It is also necessary to characterize. In other words, in both the constant current control and the overcharge control, it is necessary to set the transistor characteristics for which the charge control transistor FET30 accurately performs the above-described operation, and also to set the control signal voltage.

Here, the charge control transistor FET30 corresponds to the power transistor Tr included in the charger 500 'of FIG. In other words, the present invention is characterized in that the charge control transistor FET30 has a function of controlling the overcharge control circuit 210 and a function of blocking the current flowing through the charger 500 by the charge control IC 600. I am doing it. That is, according to the present invention, the charge control and the overcharge control can be performed with one charge control transistor (FET30) which is a charge control element.

In addition, when the charge control transistor (FET) and the discharge control transistor (FET) are incorporated in the IC, for example, a multi-chip IC, the temperature detection level can be further increased, and the safety can be further improved. According to this configuration, it is possible not only to detect the temperature of charge control but also to detect and control the temperature of discharge control.

As apparent from the above description, according to the present invention, it is possible to provide the charge control transistor (FET) with two functions: a function of controlling an overcharge control circuit, and a function of executing constant current control and constant voltage control of the charge control IC. It is characterized by. That is, according to the present invention, the charge control and the overcharge control can be performed by one charge control transistor (FET30), which is a charge control element, and thus, a simple structure can be achieved and the manufacturing cost can be reduced.

In addition, by embedding a thermistor having a temperature detection function in the battery pack, there is no need to externally attach the thermistor which has been necessary in the past.

In addition, since the element that generates heat also becomes one element, it is possible to reduce the adverse effect on the control caused by the generation of conventional two externally attached elements.

Claims (7)

  1. A charge protection circuit which controls the discharge current flowing from the secondary battery to the load by on / off of the discharge control switch and simultaneously controls the charge current flowing from the charger to the secondary battery by on / off of the charge control switch;
    Has a charge control circuit having a function of stopping charging of the secondary battery by the charger when on / off of the charge control switch is input;
    The discharge control switch is a discharge control field effect transistor having a gate as a control terminal, the charge control switch is a charge control field effect transistor having a gate as a control terminal,
    The discharge control field effect transistor controls an overdischarge control circuit of the charge protection circuit, the charge control field effect transistor controls an overcharge control circuit of the charge protection circuit and simultaneously controls the charge control circuit,
    As for the characteristics of the charge control field effect transistor, the drain current is adjusted by the control of the gate voltage so that the charge control and overcharge control can be performed by the single charge control field effect transistor.
    The charge protection circuit includes a temperature detection device,
    And said temperature detecting device performs temperature detection in discharge control by said discharge control switch and temperature detection in charge control by said charge control switch.
  2. The battery pack with a charge control function according to claim 1, wherein the temperature detection device is a thermistor.
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KR1020030083442A 2003-03-26 2003-11-24 Battery pack with charge control function KR101035065B1 (en)

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JPJP-P-2003-00084326 2003-03-26

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KR20160105167A (en) * 2015-02-27 2016-09-06 삼성전자주식회사 Electronic device and method for charging controlling of the electronic device
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KR20180122422A (en) * 2016-05-27 2018-11-12 광동 오포 모바일 텔레커뮤니케이션즈 코포레이션 리미티드 Battery protection board, battery and mobile terminal
JP6217838B1 (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-10-25 ミツミ電機株式会社 Secondary battery protection integrated circuit and secondary battery protection circuit
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US7215096B2 (en) 2007-05-08
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JP2004296165A (en) 2004-10-21
US20040189259A1 (en) 2004-09-30
JP4186052B2 (en) 2008-11-26

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