KR101022263B1 - Wireless Communication Components and Methods for Multiple System Communications - Google Patents

Wireless Communication Components and Methods for Multiple System Communications Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101022263B1
KR101022263B1 KR1020107005144A KR20107005144A KR101022263B1 KR 101022263 B1 KR101022263 B1 KR 101022263B1 KR 1020107005144 A KR1020107005144 A KR 1020107005144A KR 20107005144 A KR20107005144 A KR 20107005144A KR 101022263 B1 KR101022263 B1 KR 101022263B1
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South Korea
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wireless
wireless communication
communication interface
wtru
middleware component
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KR1020107005144A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20100044248A (en
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아마르나스 치티
데바시쉬 푸르카야스타
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인터디지탈 테크날러지 코포레이션
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Priority to US10/737,369 priority patent/US6987985B2/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W36/00Hand-off or reselection arrangements
    • H04W36/0005Control or signalling for completing the hand-off
    • H04W36/0055Transmission and use of information for re-establishing the radio link
    • H04W36/0066Transmission and use of information for re-establishing the radio link of control information between different types of networks in order to establish a new radio link in the target network
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W36/00Hand-off or reselection arrangements
    • H04W36/02Buffering or recovering information during reselection ; Modification of the traffic flow during hand-off
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers; Analogous equipment at exchanges
    • H04M1/72Substation extension arrangements; Cordless telephones, i.e. devices for establishing wireless links to base stations without route selecting
    • H04M1/725Cordless telephones
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M2250/00Details of telephonic subscriber devices
    • H04M2250/06Details of telephonic subscriber devices including a wireless LAN interface
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W36/00Hand-off or reselection arrangements
    • H04W36/0005Control or signalling for completing the hand-off
    • H04W36/0011Control or signalling for completing the hand-off for data session or connection
    • H04W36/0033Control or signalling for completing the hand-off for data session or connection with transfer of context information
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W88/00Devices specially adapted for wireless communication networks, e.g. terminals, base stations or access point devices
    • H04W88/02Terminal devices
    • H04W88/06Terminal devices adapted for operation in multiple networks or having at least two operational modes, e.g. multi-mode terminals

Abstract

Mobile wireless transmit / receive units (WTRUs), components, and methods provide continuous communication capability during the transition from a wireless connection with a first type of wireless system to a wireless connection with a second type of wireless system. The WTRU is preferably configured to switch the wireless link from a Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) to a wireless local area network (WLAN) or vice versa during subsequent communication sessions. The invention is preferably implemented by providing an application broker for control signal transmission and a communications broker for user data flows that can be implemented in an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC).

Description

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION COMPONENTS AND METHODS FOR MULTIPLE SYSTEM COMMUNICATIONS

The present invention relates to components and methods for wireless communication in a number of systems, and more particularly, to a first type of wireless system, such as from a Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) to a wireless local area network (WLAN). A wireless wireless transmit / receive unit (WTRU) is provided that enables continuous communication while switching from a wireless connection to a wireless connection with a second type of wireless system.

Wireless communication systems are known in the art. In general, such systems include wireless base stations that transmit and receive wireless communication signals between each other. In a network system, such as a mobile cellular system, typically two types of communication base stations are provided: a base station that provides access to a network infrastructure and a wireless transmit / receive unit (WTRU) that performs wireless communication with the base station. There is).

Dependence on wireless communications is increasing at home, in the office, and on the move. It is not uncommon for a user to have multiple different WTRUs, such as different homes, offices, and mobile cordless phones. Thus, there is a need to replace the use of multiple WTRUs with one WTRU that can be used at home, in the office, and when moving.

In many commercial networks, a network of base stations is provided such that each base station can perform multiple simultaneous wireless communications with a properly configured WTRU. In order to provide universal access to wireless systems, standards have evolved and are being implemented. One current standard that is widely used is Global System for Mobile Telecommunications (GSM). This is regarded as the so-called second generation mobile radio system standard (2G) and later its revision (2.5G). GPRS and EDGE are examples of 2.5G technologies that provide relatively high speed data services at the top of (2G) GSM networks. Each one of these standards has been explored to improve upon additional features and enhancements to the prior standard. In January 1998, the European Telecommunications Standard Institute-Special Mobile Group (ETSI SMG) agreed to a radio access plan for Third Generation Radio Systems (UMTS), called Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS). To further implement the UMTS standard, the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) was formed in December 1998. 3GPP continues to study general third generation mobile radio standards.

A typical UMTS system architecture in accordance with the current 3GPP specification is shown in FIG. 1A. The UMTS network structure includes a Core Network (CN) that interconnects with a UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN) via an interface known as Iu, which is defined in detail in the 3GPP specification currently available to the public.

The UTRAN is configured to provide a wireless communication service to a user via a WTRU called User Equipment (UE) in 3GPP via an air interface known as Uu. The UTRAN has a base station known as Node B in 3GPP, which collectively provides geographical coverage for wireless communication with the UE. In UTRAN, one or more Node B groups are connected to a Radio Network Controller (RNC) via an interface known as Iub in 3GPP. Utran may have multiple groups of Node Bs connected to different RNCs, two of which are shown in the example shown in FIG. 1A. If more than one RNC is provided to the UTRAN, the RNC interconnect is performed via the Iur interface.

The UE will generally have a Home UMTS Network (HN) that is registered and handles billing and other functions. By standardizing the Uu interface, the UE can, for example, communicate via different UMTS networks performing different geographic areas. In that case the other network is generally referred to as Foreign Network (FN).

Under the current 3GPP specification, the core network of the UE's HN performs coordination and processing of authentication, authorization and accounting functions (AAA functionality). As the UE moves in its Home UMTS Network, the HN's core network facilitates the use of the Foreign Network's UE by allowing it to coordinate AAA functionality so that the FN communicates with the UE. Will allow to. To help implement this activity, the core network includes a Home Location Register (HLR) that tracks the UE to the HN and the VLR (Visitor Location Register). The Home Service Server (HSS) is provided in conjunction with the HLR to handle the AAA functions.

Under the current 3GPP specification, the core network is connected to the Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN), Public Switch Telephone Networks (PSTN), Intergrated Services Digital Network (ISDN), and other Real Time (RT) services via a Real Time (RT) service interface. It is configured to connect with the same external system. The core network also provides non-real time services using the Internet. External connections to other systems in the core network allow users using the UE to communicate in the area provided by the UTRAN of the HN via their home UMTS network. A visiting UE may likewise communicate in the area provided by the UTRAN of the visited UMTS via the visited UMTS.

Under the current 3GPP specification, the core network provides RT service external access via the Gateway Mobile Switching Center (GMSC). The core network provides an NRT service external connection, known as General Packet Radio Service (GPRS), via a Gateway GPRS Support Node (GGSN). In such a situation, the particular NRT service actually appears to be a real time communication to the user due to the communication speed and the associated buffering of TDD data packets that make up the communication. An example of this is voice over the Internet being performed using an Internet Protocol (IP) connection that appears to the user as a regular telephone performed by a switched network but actually provides a packet data service. Communication.

Standard interfaces known as GIs are generally used between the GGSN of the CN and the Internet. The GI interface may be used using a mobile internet protocol such as Mobile IP v4 or Mobile IP v6 specified by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF).

Under the current 3GPP specification, in order to provide support for both RT and NRT services from external sources for UEs that are wirelessly linked in 3GPP systems, the UTRAN must be properly connected with the CN, which is a function of the Iu interface. To accomplish this, the core network includes a Mobile Switching Center (MSC) coupled to GMSC and a Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN) coupled to GGSN. Both are bound to HRL and the MSC is always bound to the Visitor Location Register (VLR).

The Iu interface is divided into an interface (Iu-CS) for circuit switched communication and an interface (Iu-PS) for packet data via packet switched communication. The MSC is connected to the RNC of the UTRAN via the Iu-CS interface. The Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN) is coupled to the RNC of the UTRAN via the Iu-PS interface for packet data services.

The HLR / HSS is connected to the CS side of the core network, MSC and GMSC via an interface known as Gr supporting the AAA function through the Mobile Application Part (MAP) protocol. The SGSN and GGSN of the CN are connected using an interface known as Gn and Gp.

Another type of wireless system, called a wireless local area network (WLAN), may be configured to perform wireless communication with a WTRU equipped with a WLAN modem. Currently, WLAN modems are being incorporated into many conventional communication and computing devices by manufacture. For example, cell phones, personal digital assistants and laptop computers are equipped with one or more WLAN modems. Thus, there is an increasing need to facilitate communication between WLANs as well as other types of networks between such WTRUs.

A widely used wireless local area network environment with one or more WLAN access points (APs), ie base stations, is in accordance with the IEEE 802.11b standard. The wireless coverage area for such a WLAN may be limited to a specified and well defined geographical area, known as a "hot spot." Such wireless communication systems are advantageously deployed in areas such as airports, coffee shops and hotels. Connection to such a network always requires user authorization processing. As the IEEE 802 family of standards evolves, the protocol for such systems is not yet fully standardized in the WLAN technology area. However, as described above, the CN of the UMTS network is designed to facilitate communication with other networks such as WLAN.

Instead of using different WTRUs in different environments, WTRUs may be provided with both UMTS and WLAN capabilities, such as pocket PCs with separate UMTS and WLAN PCMCIA card adapters. Individual card components allow users to use different types of networks via one device, but do not provide a WTRU that enables switching from one type of network to another without loss of connectivity. For example, a mobile WTRU that wishes to communicate with, or wishes to communicate with, a target WTRU may move to areas of poor quality of signal where communication with a particular type of network performing the target WTRU is sporadic or non-existent. have. In such a case, it is also desirable to maintain a communication session on an ongoing basis if the WTRU can roam within the same type of network as well as switch to another type of network.

Mobile wireless transmit / receive units (WTRUs), components, and methods provide continuous communication capability during the transition from a wireless connection with a first type of wireless system to a wireless connection with a second type of wireless system. To provide.

The WTRU is preferably configured to switch the radio link from the Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) to the wireless local area network (WLAN) or vice versa during subsequent communication sessions. The present invention is preferably implemented by providing a communication broker for user data flow that can be implemented in an application broker for control signal transmission and an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC).

A preferred WTRU in accordance with the present invention comprises a protocol engine having at least two wireless communication interfaces, each configured to wirelessly link with different types of wireless networks. Each communication interface is preferably configured to pass control signals and user communication data to a general application processing component. An application broker is provided that is configured to monitor the transmission of control signals between the lower layer protocol engine and the upper layer application processing component. A communication broker is provided that has a data buffer and defines a data path that can be switched between the upper application processing component and a selected air interface for user data. The application broker is associated with the communications broker to control data buffering and data path switching by the communications broker so that the wireless link is established with the other second wireless interface of the protocol engine for the communications session and the communications broker data path is the second radio. During the transition to the interface, the data flow to the first air interface of the protocol engine during the communication session is buffered, and the buffered data is released so that the radio link is subsequently established for the communication session via the second air interface. .

In one embodiment, the communication broker data path is configured to carry packet switched data and the data path is defined for circuit switched data between the upper layer application processing component and the UMTS air interface. But this is not a limit.

The application intermediary preferably comprises a link monitor and is configured to invoke the start of a radio link over another air interface based on the monitored link data meeting a predetermined criterion. The application broker is also configured to control the transmission of signals during the establishment of a radio link over another air interface, and context information about the transmission during the establishment of the radio link over another air interface. and an inter-working unit configured to maintain and transform information. In addition, the application broker may include a SIM reader configured to read a Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) that includes the user's identification.

A preferred radio link handover method is provided for a wireless transmit / receive unit (WTRU) for switching a wireless link from a first type of wireless network to a second type of wireless network during a communication session, the WTRU being the first and the first. It has a protocol engine having first and second wireless communication interfaces configured to wirelessly link two types of wireless networks to respective communication interfaces configured for passing control signals and user communication data to a general purpose processing component. A switchable data path is provided for the data buffer and user data between the upper layer application processing component and the selected one air interface. Control signal transmission is monitored between the lower layer protocol engine and the upper layer application processing component. Data buffers and data path switching are controlled so that the wireless link is established with the second air interface of the protocol engine for the communication session and to the first air interface of the protocol engine during the communication session while the data path switches to the second air interface. The data flow of is buffered, and the buffered data is released so that the wireless link is then established for the communication session via the second air interface.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art from the accompanying specification and drawings.

Mobile wireless transmit / receive units (WTRUs), components, and methods provide continuous communication capability during the transition from a wireless connection with a first type of wireless system to a wireless connection with a second type of wireless system. To provide.

1A is a schematic diagram of an exemplary UMTS system in accordance with the current 3GPP specification.
1B illustrates an example of a mobile WTRU operating in different networks, such as moving from a home WLAN to an office LAN while maintaining continuous communication in accordance with the present description.
2A is a block diagram of a multi-network capable WTRU in accordance with the description of the present invention.
2B is a description of a multi-network interface of a multi-network capable WTRU in accordance with the present description.
2C is a process diagram illustrating the transition of a communication session from a wireless connection via WLAN to a wireless connection via UMTS without loss of connection in accordance with the description of the present invention.
3 is an illustration of a multi-network operating environment for a multi-network capable WTRU in accordance with the description of the present invention.
4A is a design diagram of a UMTS device structure design configured to interface with a computing device, such as via a standard PCMCIA / HBA interface.
4B is a design diagram of a dual UMTS / WLAN network device structure design configured to connect to a computing device, such as via a standard PCMCIA / HBA interface in accordance with the description of the present invention.
5A is a block diagram of a preferred example of the functional details of an application broker component for a WTRU in accordance with the description of the present invention.
5B is a block diagram of a preferred example of the functional details of a communications broker component for a WTRU in accordance with the description of the present invention.
FIG. 6A is a protocol stack diagram illustrating the preferred location of operation of the components of the present invention in UE, UTRAN and SGSN in 3GPP context.
6B is a protocol stack diagram showing the preferred location of operation of the present component in a WLAN situation.
7 is a schematic diagram of the location of the components of the present invention for operation with a WIN CE situation.

The present invention is described with reference to the drawings in which like numbers indicate like elements.

As used herein, a base station is a WTRU that wirelessly connects to a base station, a Node B, a site controller, an access point, or a network to which the base station is associated. Including but not limited to other interface devices in a wireless environment to provide.

The term WTRU as used herein includes, but is not limited to, a user equipment (UE), a mobile base station, a fixed or mobile subscriber unit, a pager, or other type of device capable of operating in a wireless environment. WTRUs include personal communication devices such as telephones, video phones, and Internet-ready phones with network connections. In addition, WTRUs include portable personal computing devices such as PDAs and notebook computers with wireless modems with similar network capabilities. A WTRU that can carry or otherwise change its position is referred to as a mobile unit.

The present invention provides a continuous communication session via different types of radio access networks with one or more networked base stations where radio access services are provided for the WTRU. The present invention relates to a mobile unit, i.e., when the mobile WTRU enters and / or moves to each area of the geographic coverage area provided by each base station of a different type of network, It is particularly useful when used. For example, FIG. 1B shows the mobile WTRU 10 in three different locations 10a, 10b, 10c. At location 10a, the WTRU performs wireless communication with the AP 12 of the home WLAN. At location 10b, the WTRU performs wireless communication with Node B 13 while traveling between the home WLAN and the office WLAN. At location 10c, the WTRU performs wireless communication with the AP 15 of the office WLAN. Network connectivity is provided by linking CN 14 of UMTS with home and office WLANs. The WTRU 10 of the present invention uses this network connection to start in the home WLAN 10a and maintain continuous ongoing communication in the office WLAN 10c by switching between WLAN and UMTS wireless communications while passing through 10c. .

In accordance with the present invention, the WTRU may be equipped with a device that provides UMTS UE functionality and Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) WTRU functionality such as 802.11 (b) (WiFi) or Bluetooth operational functionality to provide at least two different network modes of operation. It is preferable to be configured. However, the proposed invention is applicable to providing a connection of a communication session to any other type of wireless network system that interconnects other types of networks.

According to FIG. 2, the WTRU 10 is provided with a protocol engine 20 having at least two wireless communication interfaces 22, 24 of different types. Each communication interface 22, 24 is configured to pass control and user communication data to an application processing component 26 representing a conventional upper layer of the communication system. Preferably, one of the wireless communication interfaces 22, 24 is configured for UMTS wireless communication and the other is configured for 802.11 WLAN communication.

The present invention coordinates the coordination of the application broker (COM) 30 and the communication broker (COM) 32 between the air interface 22, 24 and the upper layer application processing component 26. to provide. APP and COM components 30 and 32 are types of "middleware" that summarize the underlying underlying systems and enhance their performance by assisting different technologies that are inter-working. It is desirable to process user data. The application broker 30 and the communication broker 32 can easily coordinate different network technologies and provide seamless services to users without requiring changes to conventional protocol structures for each wireless network. It provides a dual middleware structure.

APP 30 is configured to monitor control signal transmission between lower layer protocol engine 20 and higher layer application processing component 26. All user communication data flows through COM 32 to perform a switch to the upper layer application processing component 26 to direct such data to the appropriate air interface 22, 24 in the lower layer protocol engine 20.

Middleware components 30 and 32 may be implemented in a WTRU without corresponding network components. APP 30 and COM 32 may operate in such a standalone WTRU scenario that maintains a wireless communication session during network switching. As such, dual mode operation is supported at the WTRU without full network support and does not require any "situation transmission" or end-to-end "session awareness".

For example, if the WTRU 10 is performing UMTS wireless communication over interface 22 and moves to the WLAN service area, the communication session may be over WLAN wireless over interface 24 in the WTRU standalone mode as follows. It is desirable to switch to communication. The protocol engine 20 provides link state information received and evaluated by the APP 30 and the determination is made to switch to WLAN wireless communication. This determination may be based on existing Quality of Service (UMTS) of UMTS or other factors such as those disclosed in US Patent Application No. 10 / 667,633, owned by the assignee of the present invention. After the APP 30 determines that an ongoing UMTS communication session should be handed over to the WLAN, the APP 30 signals COM 32 to prepare for channel handoff and the COM 32 transmits to the wireless transmission. Begin to buffer all communication data that is occurring by the upper layer application processing component 26. Thus, processing component 26 continues its generation of user data for the communication session without interruption. The APP 30 may expect a delay when communicating to the higher layer application processing component 26 where channel switching is in progress and receiving wireless data until the channel switching is complete. The APP 30 then instructs the protocol engine 20 to establish a wireless WLAN connection via the interface 24 on which the UMTS communication session is to be processed.

The protocol engine 20 sends a signal to the APP 30 when a WLAN connection is established. The APP 30 then in turn redirects the user communication data from the UMTS interface 22 to the WLAN interface 24 and releases the buffered data to the WLAN interface to COM 32 to update and continue the communication session. Signals the completion of channel change. The APP also sends a channel switch complete signal to the higher layer application processing component 26 so that bi-direction user data for the communication session continues to travel via the COM 32 and the WLAN interface 24. Finally, APP 30 signals the protocol engine to cause the UMTS interface to release the UMTS connection.

For enhanced operation, corresponding APP and COM components may be provided in the network with which the WTRU 10 communicates. 2B provides a schematic of the design of the various components. The network system connecting between the UMTS system and the WLAN system is typically based on packet switched (PS) data flow, such as using the Internet Protocol (IP). 2B illustrates a WTRU configured to perform network channel switching for packet switched IP sessions. CS voice signal data can pass through the APP from the UMTS interface, but voice communication can be implemented in both WLAN and UMTS using voice over IP protocols where voice data is processed in packets.

As reflected in FIG. 2B, the APP 30 of the WTRU 10 mediates a signal having a wireless interface 22, 24 between the upper layer and the COM 22. The WTRU 10 is configured to pass PS data to and from the air interface 22, 24 via the COM 32. The UMTS and WLAN systems with which the WTRUs communicate have a UTRAN and an AP, respectively, configured with corresponding communication intermediaries implemented over their respective physical layer air interfaces as shown in FIG. 2B. The corresponding application broker is preferably provided at the IP node of the network system. Network Aspects APP and COM provide network support for inter-network handover.

In the context of the multi-network system shown in FIG. 2B, an example of a WTRU 10 transitioning from a WLAN connection to a UMTS connection during a communication session with network support is shown in FIG. 2C. During an existing WLAN session, control and user data pass through the WTRU's APP 30 and the COM 32, respectively, and through the WLAN's AP via the WTRU's communication link. User data passes through the COM of the AP and control data passes through the network APP. When the communication link report data to the WTRU APP 30 needs to be switched to UMTS based on the APP determining the link, the WTRU APP 30 sends a signal to the WTRU COM 32 to buffer higher user communication data. It also starts to buffer the downlink user communication data by sending a signal to the network APP, which in turn signals to AP COM. The WTRU COM 32 also preferably stores competition information related to user data, records the last sublink packet received from the AP, and identifies the last received sublink packet with the WTRU APP 30. Do. The WTRU APP 30 then instructs the WTRU interface to establish a UMTS link. If a UMTS link is available, it is established and a WTRU link via the UMTS UTRAN is established in the WTRU APP 30. The WTRU APP 30 then establishes this to the WTRU COM 32 and preferably sends a signal to the network APP via UMTS connection context information including AAA and QoS information. The WTRU COM 32 also preferably signals the UTRAN COM with contextual information relating to user communication data. The WTRU APP 30 also signals to the network APP the identification of the last received sublink packet with a request to resume communication, which in turn is signaled by the network APP to the AP COM. The AP COM preferably releases the buffered sublink data to the UTRAN COM and starts with the next consecutive packet following the packet identified as the last received sublink packet. The buffered data is then diverted via a UMTS connection via WTRU COM 32 and UTRAN COMM.

3, a block diagram of a WTRU 10 in the context of a multi-network environment involving an Internet connection. The WLAN network includes an access point (AP) connected to a WLAN gateway having an associated WLAN AAA tracking component. UMTS includes UTRAN and AAA, SGSN and GGSN core network components. The WLAN connects to the Internet through a WLAN gateway and the UMTS connects to the Internet via the GGSN component of the UMTS CN. It is desirable to have an AAA interface between the WLAN AAA and UMTS AAA components.

In the context of the multi-network system shown in FIG. 3, an example of a WTRU 10 transitioning from a WLAN connection to a UMTS connection during a communication session with an internet connected device 40 proceeds as follows. When the communication link state indicates to the WTRU APP 30 that should switch the link to the WLAN link, the WTRU APP 30 signals to the WTRU COM 32 to begin buffering uplink user communication data. The WTRU COM 32 also preferably stores contention information related to user data, records the last sublink packet received from the UTRAN and identifies the last received sublink packet with the WTRU APP 30. The WTRU APP 30 then receives AAA content information from the UMTS AAA control and directs the WTRU interface to establish a UMTS link. A WLAN link is established and a WTRU link via the WLAN UTRAN is established with the WTRU APP 30. The WTRU APP 30 then preferably establishes the establishment of a WLAN link to the WTRU COM 32 and also properly converts the AAA context data and signals it to the WLAN AAA component. The WTRU COM 32 then releases the buffered uplink data to the internet connected device 40. Communication then generally continues between the WTRU 10 and the Internet-connected device 40 via the WLAN connection.

4A and 4B, an implementation of an APP and COM component device configured to connect with a computing device, such as via a standard PCMCIA / HBA interface, is shown. 4A shows a schematic of a UMTS device structure design configured to connect with a computing device, such as via a standard PCMCIA / HBA interface. Non Access Stratum (NAS), Access Stratum (AS), Layer 1 Control (L1C) and Physical Layer (Layer 1) components control both packet switched (PS) and circuit switched (CS) data paths. It is shown as a data path of signals and user data. The NAS layer is coupled to a standard computer interface to combine via a standard PCMCIA / HBA interface connector.

4B illustrates a variation of the device of FIG. 4A to provide a dual UMTS / WLAN network device structure in accordance with the description of the present invention. The application broker 30 is placed in the control signal path between the NAS layer and the computer interface. The communication broker 32 coupled to the APP 30 is disposed in the PS data path between the NAS layer and the computer interface. WLAN interface components are provided including 802.11 covered physical layer, Layer 1 Control components, and 802.11 applied Medium Access Control (MAC) and Logical Link Control (LLC) components It is desirable to be. The intermediate access control (MAC) and logical link control (LLC) components have a control signal path coupled with APP 30 and a PS data path coupled with COM 32.

The mentioned detailed configuration design of APP 30 and COM 32 is shown in FIGS. 5A and 5B, respectively. APP 30 preferably includes a communication module coupled with a central processing unit. The communication module has an external connection for coupling with upper layer processing (application), WLAN interface (LLC) via LLC control, UMTS interface (NAS) via NAS level control, and COM 32 (COM). L1 connections are also provided directly to the physical layer to assist in monitoring link status.

APP 30 includes a Link Monitor, Application Session Manager, Inter-Working Unit, and Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) Reader component associated with its central processing unit. It is desirable to. The link monitor component is configured to monitor link status and, if the selected criterion is a network, trigger channel switching from one type of wireless network link to another. The application session manager is configured to control signal transmission during channel switching. The interaction unit is configured to maintain and transform AAA, QoS profile and other contextual information about the transmission during channel switching. The SIM reader is configured to read a SIM that includes the user's identification for the AAA function.

The COM 32 preferably consists of a control component, a switch / buffer device and a read / write (R / W) device. The control component is configured to control switching the PS-data flow between the UMTS and the WLAN interface depending on the type of wireless connection and has a connection coupled with the APP 30 to receive control signals. Transition / buffer and R / W devices are placed in the PS data path between the two interfaces and higher layer processing. The switch / buffer has a WLAN connection (LLC) and a UMTS connection (PS) and the PS data flow is over one or another connection controlled by the control component. The switch / buffer and R / W device interrupts the flow of data from the upper layer connection (IP data) and buffers the data received during the handover, after which a new network connection is established and the data path is When switched, the buffered data is released.

6A and 6B are provided to illustrate the network locations of APP and COM in the preferred WTRU and UMTS and WLAN protocol stacks, respectively. FIG. 6A illustrates an APP in a Control Plane (CP) protocol stack and a COM in a User Plane (UP) protocol stack of a UMTS network. 6B illustrates APP and COM locations in the WLAN protocol stack for WTRUs, WLAN APs, and WLAN gateways configured with an 802.11 applied air interface and an 802.3 WLAN internal interface.

The ability to create UMTS and WLAN (standard 802.11) interactions is the pinnacle of the development path, which now includes the steps of roaming, channel switching and seamless handoff, which are the end of dual-mode WTRUs. Network interface strategies are addressed in 3GPP Technical Report TR 23.934. The present invention addresses a seamless channel switching situation that provides a structure that supports seamless channel switching without any binding or coarse or tight coupling scenarios.

New APP and COM components can be extended to accommodate any connection technology. FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of the location of these components in a dual air interface device (UE + WLAN engine) as shown in FIG. 4B for operation within a WIN CE context.

Exemplary characteristics of the COM intermediary include the ability to summarize the transport mechanism to higher layers. Although described above with respect to PS data, COM in the user plane can be implemented to send user data in the form of CS and / or PS data depending on the current system attached. From a UMTS point of view, the COM component is preferably at the top of the PDCP / RLC / MAC / PHY protocol. COM can be implemented as a generic software component that can be applied to any connection technology.

Exemplary characteristics of an access broker (APP) include the ability to summarize all applications and presentation layers in a session. The APP resides in the signal transmission (control) plane (CP), has the ability to collect a record of link quality, trigger channel switching and assist in reestablishing the session.

The APP and COM components are preferably implemented in one integrated circuit, such as an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), which may also include UMTS and WLAN interface components. However, parts of the processing components can also be easily implemented in multiple discrete integrated circuits.

WTRU configuration and method have been described for use in UMTS and WLAN systems. However, the present invention may be implemented for any wireless communication network in which the WTRU is configured to communicate with multiple types of wireless networks.

<Abbreviation table>
2G Second generation 2.5G Second Generation Revision 3GPP Third Generation Partnership Project AAA Authentication, Authorization and Accounting AAL2 ATM Adaptation Layer Type 2 AAL5 ATM Adaptation Layer Type 5 AMR A type of voice data compression AP Access point (base station in WLAN) APP Applications broker AS Access stratum ASIC Application Specific Integrated Circuit ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode CDMA Code Division Multiple Access CN Core Network CODECs Coder / Decoders COM Communications broker CP Control plane CS Circuit switched ETSI European Telecommunications Standard Institute ETSI SMG ETSI-Special Mobile Group FA Forwarding Address FN Foreign network G.729 A type of voice data compression GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node GMM GPRS Mobility Management GMSC Gateway Mobile Switching Center GPRS General Packet Radio Service GSM Global System for Mobile Telecommunications GTP GPRS Tunneling Protocol GW Gateway H.323 / SIP H.323 Format for a Session Initiated Protocol HLR Home location register HN Home network HSS Home Service Server IETF Internet Engineering Task Force IP Internet Protocol ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network ISP Internet Service Provider Iu-CS Iu sub Interface for Circuit Switched service Iu-PS Iu sub Interface for Packet Switched service IWU Inter working unit L1C Level 1 Control LLC Logical Link Control (WLAN) M3UA Message Transfer Part Level 3 SCCP SS7 Adaptation Layer MAC Medium Access Control MAP Mobile Application Part MSC Mobile switching center NAS Non Access Stratum Node B Base station in UMTS NRT Non-Real Time PCM Pulse Code Modulation PCMCIA PC Memory Card International Association PCMCIA / HBA PC Memory Card International Association Host Bus Adapter PDCP Packet Data Convergence Protocol PLMN Public Land Mobile Network PPP Point-to-Point Protocol PS Packet Switched PSTN Public Switch Telephone Network RANAP Radio Access Network Application Part RAN IP Radio Access Network Internet Protocol RIP GW RAN IP Gateway RLAN Radio Local Area Network RLC Radio Link Control RNC Radio network controller RRC Radio Resource Control RT Real time SCCP / MTP Signaling Connection Control Part, Message Transfer Part SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node SCTP Stream Control Transmission Protocol SIM Subscriber Identity Module SM Session Management SMS Short message service SS7 Signaling System 7 SSCF Service Specific Coordination Function SSCOP Service Specific Connection Oriented Protocol TCP Transmission Control Protocol TDD Time Division Duplex UDP / IP User Data Protocol for the Internet Protocol UE User Equipment (WTRU for UMTS) UICC UMTS Integrated Circuit Card UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunications System UP User Plane UTRAN UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network WIN CE Windows CE WLAN Wireless Local Area Network WTRU Wireless Transmit Receive Unit VLR Visitor Location Register

Claims (15)

  1. In a wireless transmit receive unit (WTRU),
    A first wireless communication interface configured to communicate using a first wireless technology;
    A second wireless communication interface configured to communicate using a second wireless technology, wherein the second wireless technology is different from the first wireless technology;
    A higher layer application processing component; And
    Include middleware components,
    The middleware component,
    Transmitting control data to a second middleware component through the first wireless communication interface,
    In response to determining that handover from the first wireless communication interface to the second wireless communication interface should be performed, initiating establishment of a link on the second wireless communication interface. (WTRU).
  2. The method of claim 1, wherein the middleware component is further configured to:
    Receive a control signal from the higher layer application processing component,
    Receive link state information from the first wireless communication interface and the second wireless communication interface,
    And transmit a control signal to the first wireless communication interface and the second wireless communication interface.
  3. The method of claim 1, wherein the middleware component is further configured to transmit a communication signal to the second middleware component indicating quality of service (QoS) information of a link on the first wireless communication interface. Wireless transmit / receive unit (WTRU).
  4. The WTRU of claim 1 wherein the middleware component is further configured to receive a confirmation that a link on the second wireless communication interface has been established.
  5. The WTRU of claim 1 wherein the middleware component is further configured to generate a signal that initiates buffering of data.
  6. The method of claim 1, wherein the middleware component is further configured to:
    Signaling an indication that the handover is in progress to the higher layer application processing component,
    In response to the completion of the handover, configured to signal to the higher layer application processing component that the handover is complete.
  7. The WTRU of claim 1 wherein the middleware component is further configured to signal to the first wireless communication interface to disconnect a link on the first wireless communication interface.
  8. The method of claim 1, wherein the first wireless technology is a cellular technology and the second wireless technology is an IEEE Local Area Network (WLAN) technology.
    Wherein the first wireless technology is a WLAN technology and the second wireless technology is a cellular technology.
  9. A method for use in a wireless transmit / receive unit (WTRU),
    The wireless transmission and reception unit,
    A first wireless communication interface configured to communicate using a first wireless technology;
    A second wireless communication interface configured to communicate using a second wireless technology, wherein the second wireless technology is different from the first wireless technology;
    A higher layer application processing component; And
    Middleware components
    Including,
    The method for use in the wireless transmit / receive unit (WTRU),
    The middleware component forwards control data to a second middleware component via the first wireless communication interface;
    In response to determining that handover from the first wireless communication interface to the second wireless communication interface should be performed, the middleware component initiates establishment of a link on the second wireless communication interface.
    And a method for use in a wireless transmit / receive unit (WTRU).
  10. 10. The apparatus of claim 9, wherein the middleware component receives a control signal from the upper layer application processing component;
    The middleware component receives link state information from the first wireless communication interface and the second wireless communication interface;
    The middleware component forwarding control signals to the first wireless communication interface and the second wireless communication interface
    Further comprising a wireless transmit / receive unit (WTRU).
  11. 10. The method of claim 9, further comprising transmitting a communication signal indicative of quality of service (QoS) information for a link on the first wireless communication interface to the second middleware component. Way.
  12. 10. The method of claim 9, further comprising the middleware component receiving a confirmation message that a link on the second wireless communication interface has been established.
  13. 10. The method of claim 9, wherein the middleware component further comprises generating a signal to initiate buffering of data.
  14. 10. The method of claim 9, wherein the middleware component signals to the upper layer application processing component that the handover is in progress;
    In response to the completion of the handover, the middleware component signaling to the higher layer application processing component that the handover is complete
    Further comprising a wireless transmit / receive unit (WTRU).
  15. 10. The method of claim 9, further comprising signaling by the middleware component to the first wireless communication interface to disconnect a link on the first wireless communication interface.
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