KR100997977B1 - Photosensor and display using the same - Google Patents

Photosensor and display using the same Download PDF

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Publication number
KR100997977B1
KR100997977B1 KR20040001978A KR20040001978A KR100997977B1 KR 100997977 B1 KR100997977 B1 KR 100997977B1 KR 20040001978 A KR20040001978 A KR 20040001978A KR 20040001978 A KR20040001978 A KR 20040001978A KR 100997977 B1 KR100997977 B1 KR 100997977B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
voltage
sensor
transistor
current
signal
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KR20040001978A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20050073869A (en
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민웅규
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삼성전자주식회사
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/34Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source
    • G09G3/3406Control of illumination source
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L27/00Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate
    • H01L27/14Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation
    • H01L27/144Devices controlled by radiation
    • H01L27/146Imager structures
    • H01L27/14678Contact-type imagers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2320/00Control of display operating conditions
    • G09G2320/06Adjustment of display parameters
    • G09G2320/0626Adjustment of display parameters for control of overall brightness
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2360/00Aspects of the architecture of display systems
    • G09G2360/14Detecting light within display terminals, e.g. using a single or a plurality of photosensors
    • G09G2360/144Detecting light within display terminals, e.g. using a single or a plurality of photosensors the light being ambient light
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/34Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source
    • G09G3/36Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source using liquid crystals
    • G09G3/3611Control of matrices with row and column drivers
    • G09G3/3614Control of polarity reversal in general
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/34Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source
    • G09G3/36Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source using liquid crystals
    • G09G3/3611Control of matrices with row and column drivers
    • G09G3/3648Control of matrices with row and column drivers using an active matrix

Abstract

The present invention relates to an optical sensor and a display device using the same. The optical sensor includes a light receiving unit generating an optical voltage corresponding to an amount of light by receiving external light, a voltage selecting unit selectively outputting an optical voltage and a reference voltage, and a voltage selecting unit. And a current generator for generating a sensor current corresponding to the output voltage, and an output unit for selectively outputting the sensor current from the current generator. According to the present invention, since the optical voltage relative to the reference voltage can be read, it is possible to output a sensor voltage that is strong against noise and has a stable gray level and corresponds to the amount of external light.
Light sensor, display device, light receiver, voltage selector, current generator, output, voltage converter

Description

Optical sensor and display device using same {PHOTOSENSOR AND DISPLAY USING THE SAME}

1 is a circuit diagram illustrating a conventional optical sensor used in a fingerprint reader or a touch screen.

2 is an equivalent circuit diagram showing an optical sensor according to an embodiment of the present invention.

3A is a circuit diagram of an optical sensor when the selection transistor according to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention is turned on.

3B is a circuit diagram of an optical sensor when the selection transistor according to an embodiment of the present invention is turned off.

4A and 4B are circuit diagrams illustrating a converting unit converting a sensor current of an optical sensor into a sensor voltage according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 4c is a graph showing the relationship between the sensor voltage and the light amount of the optical sensor according to an embodiment of the present invention.

5 is a block diagram of a liquid crystal display according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

6 is an exploded perspective view of a liquid crystal display according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

7 is an equivalent circuit diagram of one pixel of a liquid crystal display according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.                 

8 is a timing diagram of a signal for driving the optical sensor in FIG. 2 according to an embodiment of the present invention.

9 is a block diagram illustrating a voltage converter according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

10 illustrates a buffer included in a voltage converter according to an embodiment of the present invention.

11A is a circuit diagram illustrating a second converter according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 11B is a graph illustrating input and output characteristics of the second converter of FIG. 11A.

12A is a block diagram illustrating a second converter according to another embodiment of the present invention.

12B is a diagram illustrating a correspondence relationship between input and output voltages of the second converter of FIG. 12A.

FIG. 12C is a graph illustrating input and output characteristics of the second converter of FIG. 12A.

FIG. 13 is a view illustrating a position where an optical sensor according to an embodiment of the present invention is mounted on a liquid crystal panel assembly.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to an optical sensor and a display device using the same, and more particularly, to an optical sensor capable of stably outputting gray levels while minimizing noise, and a display device for controlling brightness of a display panel using the same.

Display devices include liquid crystal displays, organic EL displays, and PDPs. Among them, a general liquid crystal display device includes two display panels and a liquid crystal layer having dielectric anisotropy interposed therebetween. The desired image is obtained by applying an electric field to the liquid crystal layer and adjusting the intensity of the electric field to adjust the transmittance of light passing through the liquid crystal layer. Such liquid crystal displays are typical among portable flat panel displays (FPDs) that are easy to carry. Among them, TFT-LCDs using thin film transistors (TFTs) as switching elements are mainly used.

Since the display panel on which the thin film transistor is formed is itself non-luminous and thus cannot be used where there is no light, a liquid crystal display uses a backlight that transmits light evenly to the entire display panel at the rear of the display panel. However, since liquid crystal displays such as mobile phones and notebook PCs are portable, reducing power consumption facilitates long-term portability and mobility. Therefore, in order to reduce the power consumption of the backlight, which occupies a substantial portion of the power consumed in the liquid crystal display, a method of attaching an optical sensor to the liquid crystal display and controlling the backlight using the same has been studied.

In the process of integrating a thin film transistor on a display panel, amorphous silicon is mainly used. Since amorphous silicon has a threshold voltage of about 1.7 eV and an adsorption constant is larger than that of crystallized silicon, it can be widely used in optoelectronics or optoelectronic devices. have. Since the thin film transistor using amorphous silicon generates holes and electrons effectively by visible light, it can output a current proportional to the amount of light that can be felt by the human eye. Therefore, the thin film transistor may be used as an optical sensor to adjust the backlight of the liquid crystal display without attaching a separate optical sensor to the liquid crystal display.

1 is a circuit diagram illustrating a conventional optical sensor used in a fingerprint reader or a touch screen. As shown in Fig. 1, a conventional optical sensor is composed of two thin film transistors and a storage capacitor. When the sensor TFT is exposed to light, the sensor TFT outputs a current according to the amount of incident light, and the storage capacitor C accumulates charge according to the current and converts it to a predetermined voltage. Outputs a predetermined voltage according to the gate-on signal.

However, the optical sensor having the structure as shown in FIG. 1 may be vulnerable to noise. For this reason, a device including the above optical sensor may increase the cost by applying the optical sensor only on / off or adding a digital signal processing chip (DSP) to process the output signal of the optical sensor.

Therefore, the technical problem to be achieved by the present invention is to provide an optical sensor that is resistant to noise and capable of stably outputting gray levels.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a display device that adjusts the brightness of the display panel using such an optical sensor.

Optical sensor according to an embodiment of the present invention for achieving the technical problem,                     

A light receiving unit receiving an external light and generating an optical voltage corresponding to an amount of light;

A voltage selector for selectively outputting the optical voltage and the reference voltage;

A current generator for generating a sensor current corresponding to the output voltage of the voltage selector, and

And an output unit for selectively outputting the sensor current from the current generating unit.

The voltage selector may include a select transistor for selectively applying the reference voltage to the current generator according to a select signal.

The current generating unit preferably includes a current generating transistor for generating the sensor current.

The selection transistor has an input terminal to which the reference voltage is applied, a control terminal to which the selection signal is applied, and an output terminal connected to the current generating transistor.

The current generating transistor has an input terminal to which the reference voltage is applied, an output terminal of the light receiving unit, a control terminal connected to the output terminal of the selection transistor, and an output terminal for outputting the sensor current.

The selection transistor may apply the reference voltage to the control terminal of the current generation transistor when the selection transistor is turned on, and apply the photo voltage to the control terminal of the current generation transistor when the selection transistor is turned off.                     

The light receiving unit,

A sensor transistor for generating a photocurrent corresponding to the amount of light, and

And a storage capacitor for accumulating charge in accordance with the photocurrent from the sensor transistor to generate the photovoltage.

The storage capacitor is connected between the control terminal of the sensor transistor and the output terminal of the sensor transistor.

An off voltage for turning off the sensor transistor is preferably applied to the control terminal of the sensor transistor.

The output unit preferably includes an output transistor for selectively outputting the sensor current according to a read signal.

The apparatus may further include a converter configured to convert the sensor current into a sensor voltage and output the sensor voltage.

It is preferable that the said conversion part consists of a resistor or a capacitor.

A display device according to another embodiment of the present invention for achieving another technical problem,

An optical sensor that receives external light and generates a sensor current corresponding to an amount of light;

A voltage converter converting the sensor current from the optical sensor into a control voltage;

A display panel including a plurality of pixels, and

Adjusting unit for adjusting the brightness of the display panel according to the control voltage                     

Including;

The optical sensor,

A light receiving unit for outputting an optical voltage corresponding to the amount of light;

A voltage selector for selectively outputting the optical voltage and the reference voltage;

A current generator for generating the sensor current corresponding to the output voltage of the voltage selector, and

And an output unit for selectively outputting the sensor current from the current generating unit.

The voltage selector may include a select transistor for selectively applying the reference voltage to the current generator according to a select signal.

The current generating unit preferably includes a current generating transistor for generating the sensor current.

The light receiving unit,

A sensor transistor for generating a photocurrent corresponding to the amount of light, and

And a storage capacitor for accumulating charge in accordance with the photocurrent from the sensor transistor to generate the photovoltage.

The output unit preferably includes an output transistor for selectively outputting the sensor current according to a read signal.

The selection transistor applies the reference voltage to the control terminal of the storage capacitor and the current generation transistor when the selection signal is at the first level, and applies the photo voltage to the control terminal of the current capacitor when the selection signal is at the second level. It can be applied to the control terminal.

The output transistor may output the sensor current when the read signal is at the first level.

And a signal controller configured to process an image signal to be displayed on the pixel.

The signal controller generates the selection signal and the read signal and provides them to the optical sensor.

Preferably, the signal controller applies the selection signal to the control terminal of the selection transistor and applies the read signal to the control terminal of the output transistor.

The read signal may have two first levels between two adjacent first levels of the selection signal.

Preferably, the optical sensor outputs the sensor current corresponding to the reference voltage at the first first level of the read signal.

Preferably, the optical sensor outputs the sensor current corresponding to the amount of light at the second first level of the read signal.

The voltage converter,

A first converter converting the sensor current into a sensor voltage, and

A second converter converting the sensor voltage into the control voltage

It may include.                     

The first converter may be formed of a resistor or a capacitor.

The second converter may be an inverting amplifier.

The second converter,

An A / D converter for converting the sensor voltage into a digital value, and

A multiplexer for selecting and outputting the control voltage according to the digital value

It may include.

Preferably, the voltage converter further includes a buffer connected between the first converter and the second converter.

The optical sensor may be integrated in the display panel.

The optical sensor may be integrated at an edge of the display panel.

The control unit may include a light source for irradiating light.

It is preferable that the display device is any one of a liquid crystal display device, an EL and a PDP.

The pixel preferably includes at least one active element as a switching element.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION Embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings so that those skilled in the art may easily implement the present invention.

An optical sensor and a display device using the same according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention will now be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.                     

2 is an equivalent circuit diagram showing an optical sensor 40 according to one embodiment of the invention. The optical sensor 40 receives external light and generates and outputs a sensor current I out corresponding to the amount of light.

As shown in FIG. 2, this optical sensor includes four thin film transistors Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4 and a storage capacitor C s .

The drain terminal of the sensor transistor Q1 is connected to the voltage V DD power supply terminal, the gate terminal is connected to the voltage V GG power supply terminal, and the source terminal n1 is the source terminal of the selection transistor Q2. (n1) and the gate terminal n3 of the current generation transistor Q3.

The voltage V DD applied to the sensor transistor Q1 may be set to about 3 V as the voltage for driving the sensor transistor Q1, and the voltage V GG is a voltage for turning off the ground or the sensor transistor Q1. Can be set and lower than normal voltage (V DD ).

The storage capacitor C s is connected between the source terminal and the gate terminal of the sensor transistor Q1.

The drain terminal n2 of the selection transistor Q2 is connected to the voltage V DD power supply terminal, and the source terminal n1 is connected to the source terminal n1 of the sensor transistor Q1 and the current generating transistor Q3. Is connected to the gate terminal n3 of. The select signal SELECT is applied to the gate terminal of the select transistor Q2. Voltage (V DD) applied to the selection transistor (Q2) is also equal to the voltage (V DD) is applied to the sensor transistor (Q1).

The drain terminal n2 of the current generation transistor Q3 is connected to the voltage V DD power supply terminal, and the source terminal is connected to the drain terminal of the output transistor Q4.

The source terminal of the output transistor Q4 is connected to an external device, and a read signal READ is applied to the gate terminal.

3A and 3B, the operation of the optical sensor 40 will be described.

FIG. 3A is a circuit diagram of the optical sensor 40 when the selection transistor Q2 according to the embodiment of the present invention is turned on, and FIG. 3B illustrates that the selection transistor Q2 according to the embodiment of the present invention is turned off. It is a circuit diagram of the optical sensor 40 in the case of.

A photosensitive layer is formed in the sensor transistor Q1. When light having a predetermined amount of light enters the photosensitive layer, the drain electrode and the source electrode are electrically conducted, and a photocurrent corresponding to the light amount flows from the drain electrode to the source electrode. The light blocking film for blocking external light is formed in the selection transistor Q2, the current generation transistor Q3, and the output transistor Q4.

Flows to the photocurrent from the sensor transistor (Q1) storage capacitor (C s), storage capacitor (C s) is storing an electric charge. The storage capacitor C s generates an optical voltage corresponding to the accumulated charge amount.

The selection transistor Q2 is turned on / off according to the selection signal SELECT and selectively outputs a reference voltage V DD and an optical voltage. The selection signal SELECT is a signal applied from an external device such as a display device using the optical sensor 40.

When the select signal SELECT is at a high level, the select transistor Q2 is turned on. When the selection transistor Q2 is turned on, as shown in FIG. 3A, the reference voltage V DD applied to the drain terminal n2 of the selection transistor Q2 is the source terminal n1 of the sensor transistor Q1, The storage capacitor C s is applied to the gate terminal n3 of the current generating transistor Q3. In this case, it is initialized to a storage capacitor (C s) the reference voltage (V DD), so the force applied to this, the storage capacitor (C s) is unable to generate a voltage corresponding to the light outside the optical reference voltage (V DD). Since the reference voltage V DD is applied to the gate terminal n3 of the current generation transistor Q3, the current generation transistor Q3 generates the reference current I out according to the reference voltage V DD .

If the select signal SELECT is at the low level, the select transistor Q2 is turned off. When the selection transistor Q2 is turned off, the reference voltage V DD is not applied to the storage capacitor C s because the connection of the node n1 and the node n2 is disconnected, as shown in FIG. 3B. And the storage capacitor (C s), the sensor transistor (Q1) is again flow and stored capacitor (C s) by the photocurrent will accumulate charge. The storage capacitor C s generates a photovoltaic voltage corresponding to the accumulated charge amount. The generated photovoltage is applied to the gate terminal n3 of the current generation transistor Q3. The current generation transistor Q3 generates a sensor current I out flowing from the drain terminal to the source terminal according to the photo voltage applied to the gate terminal n3.

When the reference voltage V DD is applied to the gate terminal n3, the current generation transistor Q3 generates a sensor current I out corresponding to the reference voltage V DD , and an optical voltage corresponding to the external light amount is applied. When the sensor current (I out ) corresponding to the light voltage is generated. The sensor current I out corresponding to the photo voltage generated by the current generation transistor Q3 becomes a value relative to the reference current I out corresponding to the reference voltage V DD .

The output transistor Q4 is turned on / off according to the read signal READ. Similar to the selection signal SELECT, the read signal READ is a signal applied from an external device such as a display device using the optical sensor 40.

When the read signal READ is at a high level and the output transistor Q4 is turned on, the drain terminal and the source terminal of the output transistor Q4 become conductive so that the sensor current I out from the current generation transistor Q3 is output. When the output transistor Q4 is turned off due to the low level, the sensor current I out from the current generation transistor Q3 is blocked and is not output.

The voltages corresponding to the high levels of the select signal SELECT and the read signal READ are relatively high voltages (for example, 20 V) relative to the reference voltage V DD , and are selected from the selection transistor Q2 and the output transistor Q4. Is turned on and the voltage corresponding to the low level of the selection signal SELECT and the read signal READ is a voltage lower than the reference voltage V DD (for example, −8 V) and is selected as the selection transistor Q2. And turns off the output transistor Q4. Here, the selection transistor Q2 and the output transistor Q4 operate as switching elements.

In the present exemplary embodiment, the selection transistor Q2 and the output transistor Q4 are turned on when the selection signal SELECT and the read signal READ are high level, and turned off when the selection signal SELECT and the read signal READ are high level. The high level and low level can be interchanged.

4A and 4B are circuit diagrams illustrating a conversion unit 41 for converting a sensor current I out of the optical sensor 40 according to an embodiment of the present invention into a sensor voltage V out . As shown in Figs. 4A and 4B, the converter 41 includes a capacitor C 0 or a resistor R 0 . One end of the conversion unit 41 is connected to the source terminal of the output transistor Q4 of the photosensor 40, and the other end is connected to the voltage (V GG ) power supply terminal. The converter 41 receives the sensor current I out from the output transistor Q4, converts it to a sensor voltage V out , and outputs it. Since the sensor voltage V out is a relative voltage value, a voltage V GG or ground may be used as the reference voltage.

4C is a graph showing a relationship between the sensor voltage V out and the light amount of the optical sensor 40 according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention. According to the optical sensor 40 of the present embodiment, since the optical voltage relative to the reference voltage V DD can be read, as shown in FIG. out )

Next, a liquid crystal display using the optical sensor 40 according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 5 to 7.

5 is a block diagram of a liquid crystal display according to an embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 6 is an exploded perspective view of a liquid crystal display according to an embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 7 is a liquid crystal according to an embodiment of the present invention. It is an equivalent circuit diagram of one pixel of a display device.

As shown in FIG. 5, the liquid crystal display according to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention includes a liquid crystal panel assembly 300, a gate driver 400, a data driver 500, and a data driver The gray voltage generator 800 connected to the 500, the lighting unit 900 for irradiating light to the liquid crystal panel assembly 300, the optical sensor 40 mounted on the liquid crystal panel assembly 300, and the voltage conversion unit 50. And a signal controller 600 for controlling them.

On the other hand, as shown in Figure 6, in the structural view of the liquid crystal display device according to an embodiment of the present invention, the liquid crystal module 350 and the liquid crystal module 350 including the display unit 330 and the backlight unit 340 It includes a front and rear case (361, 362) for receiving.

The display unit 330 includes a liquid crystal panel assembly 300, a gate flexible printed circuit (FPC) substrate 410 and a data FPC substrate 510 attached thereto, and a gate PCB attached to the corresponding FPC substrates 410 and 510. printed circuit board 450 and data PCB 550. However, unlike in FIG. 6, if necessary, the gate FPC substrate 410 and the gate PCB 450 may be omitted, and in this case, the gate driver 400 mounted on the gate PCB 450 may be directly connected to the liquid crystal panel assembly 300. Can be mounted on In this way, a thinner and lighter liquid crystal display device can be made.

The liquid crystal panel assembly 300 includes a lower panel 100 and an upper panel 200 and a liquid crystal layer 3 interposed therebetween, as shown in FIGS. 6 and 7. As shown in FIG. 1, the display circuit includes a plurality of display signal lines G 1 -G n , D 1 -D m , and a plurality of pixels connected thereto and arranged in a substantially matrix form.

The display signal lines G 1 -G n and D 1 -D m are a plurality of gate lines G 1 -G n for transmitting a gate signal (also called a “scan signal”) and a data signal line or data for transmitting a data signal. It includes the line (D 1 -D m ). The gate lines G 1 -G n extend substantially in the row direction and are substantially parallel to each other, and the data lines D 1 -D m extend substantially in the column direction and are substantially parallel to each other.

Each pixel includes a switching element Q connected to a display signal line G 1 -G n , D 1 -D m , and a liquid crystal capacitor C LC and a storage capacitor C ST connected thereto. ). The holding capacitor C ST can be omitted as necessary.

The switching element Q is provided on the lower panel 100, and the control terminal and the input terminal are connected to the gate line G 1 -G n and the data line D 1 -D m, respectively. The output terminal is connected to the liquid crystal capacitor C LC and the storage capacitor C ST .

The liquid crystal capacitor C LC has two terminals, the pixel electrode 190 of the lower panel 100 and the common electrode 270 of the upper panel 200, and the liquid crystal layer 3 between the two electrodes 190 and 270. It functions as a dielectric. The pixel electrode 190 is connected to the switching element Q, and the common electrode 270 is formed on the front surface of the upper panel 200 and receives a common voltage V com . Unlike in FIG. 7, the common electrode 270 may be provided in the lower panel 100. In this case, both electrodes 190 and 270 may be linear or rod-shaped.

The storage capacitor C ST is formed by overlapping a separate signal line (not shown) and the pixel electrode 190 provided on the lower panel 100, and a predetermined voltage such as a common voltage V com is applied to the separate signal line. Is approved. However, the storage capacitor C ST may be formed such that the pixel electrode 190 overlaps the front end gate line directly above the insulator.

Meanwhile, in order to implement color display, each pixel must display color, which is possible by providing a red, green, or blue color filter 230 in a region corresponding to the pixel electrode 190. In FIG. 7, the color filter 230 is formed in a corresponding region of the upper panel 200. Alternatively, the color filter 230 may be formed above or below the pixel electrode 190 of the lower panel 100.

In FIG. 6, the backlight unit 340 is positioned between the plurality of lamps 341 and the liquid crystal panel assembly 300 and the lamp 341 mounted under the liquid crystal panel assembly 300, and the light from the lamp 341. Light guide plate 342 and a plurality of optical sheets 343, which guide and diffuse light into the liquid crystal panel assembly 300, and a lower portion of the lamp 341, and reflect light from the lamp 341 toward the assembly 300. Reflector plate 344.

Referring to FIG. 5, the lighting unit 900 blinks the lamp unit 910 and the lamp unit 910 corresponding to the lamp 341 in FIG. 6, and controls the blinking time to control the brightness of the screen (inverter) 920. ). The inverter 920 may be provided in an inverter PCB (not shown) mounted separately or may be provided in the gate PCB 450 or the data PCB 550.

A polarizer (not shown) for polarizing light is attached to an outer surface of at least one of the two display panels 100 and 200 of the liquid crystal panel assembly 300.

The gray voltage generator 800 generates two sets of gray voltages related to the transmittance of the pixel. One of the two sets has a positive value for the common voltage (V com ) and the other set has a negative value.

The gate driver 400 is connected to the gate lines G 1 -G n of the liquid crystal panel assembly 300 to form a gate signal formed by a combination of a gate on voltage V on and a gate off voltage V off from the outside. Is applied to the gate lines G 1 -G n and usually consists of a plurality of integrated circuits.

The data driver 500 is connected to the data lines D 1 -Dm of the liquid crystal panel assembly 300 to select the gray voltage from the gray voltage generator 800 and apply the gray voltage to the pixel as a data signal. Is made of.

A plurality of gate drive integrated circuits or data drive integrated circuits may be mounted in a tape carrier package (TCP) (not shown) to attach TCP to the liquid crystal panel assembly 300, or to integrate these onto a glass substrate without using TCP. Circuits may be directly attached (chip on glass, COG mounting method), and circuits performing the same functions as those integrated circuits may be directly mounted on the liquid crystal panel assembly 300.

The signal controller 600 generates control signals for controlling operations of the gate driver 400 and the data driver 500, and provides the corresponding control signals to the gate driver 400 and the data driver 500.

The optical sensor 40 receives the external light and generates and outputs a sensor current I out corresponding to the light amount according to the selection signal SELECT and the read signal READ from the signal controller 600. The voltage converter 50 receives the sensor current I out from the optical sensor 40, converts the light into a brightness control signal V con driving the illumination unit 900, and outputs it. These are described later in detail.

The inverter 920 receives the horizontal synchronization signal H sync and the lamp lighting command signal EN from an external device or the signal controller 600, and receives the brightness control signal V con from the voltage converter 50. The lamp unit 910 is driven using them.

The gray voltage generator 800, the data driver 500, the voltage converter 50, and the signal controller 600 of the liquid crystal display according to the present invention may be formed of a single chip, also called a one-chip. By integrating all the blocks for driving the liquid crystal display in one chip, the mounting area can be reduced and power consumption can be reduced. Of course, if necessary, the circuit elements used in each driving block or each driving block may be placed outside a single chip. Such a single chip is particularly advantageous in small and medium sized liquid crystal displays.

FIG. 13 is a view illustrating a position where the optical sensor 40 according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention is mounted on the liquid crystal panel assembly 300.

Since the optical sensor 40 is composed of only four thin film transistors Q1, Q2, Q3, and Q4, the optical sensor may be configured by using dummy pixels at the edge of the liquid crystal panel assembly 300 or insoluble pixels in the display area. 40 may be easily integrated into the liquid crystal panel assembly 300. As shown in FIG. 13, the photosensor 40 may be located in any one of the edge regions P1, P2, P3, and P4 and the inner region P5 of the liquid crystal panel assembly 300. As such, by integrating the optical sensor 40 into the liquid crystal panel assembly 300, the external light amount may be detected without attaching an external optical sensor to the liquid crystal display.

Next, the display operation of the liquid crystal display will be described in more detail.

The signal controller 600 inputs an input control signal for controlling the RGB image signals R, G, and B and their display from an external graphic controller (not shown), for example, a vertical sync signal V sync and a horizontal sync signal. (H sync ), a main clock (MCLK), a data enable signal (DE) is provided. The signal controller 600 properly processes the image signals R, G, and B according to the operating conditions of the liquid crystal panel assembly 300 based on the input image signals R, G, and B and the input control signal, and controls the gate control signal. After generating the CONT1 and the data control signal CONT2 and the like, the gate control signal CONT1 is sent to the gate driver 400 and the data control signal CONT2 and the processed image signals R ', G', and B 'are processed. ) Is sent to the data driver 500.

The gate control signal CONT1 includes a vertical synchronization start signal STV for indicating the start of output of the gate-on pulse (high period of the gate signal), a gate clock signal CPV for controlling the output timing of the gate-on pulse, and a gate-on pulse. And an output enable signal OE that defines the width of the signal.

The data control signal CONT2 is a load for applying a corresponding data voltage to the horizontal synchronization start signal STH indicating the start of input of the image data R ', G', and B 'and the data lines D 1 -D m . Signal LOAD, inverted signal RVS and data that inverts the polarity of the data voltage with respect to common voltage V com (hereinafter referred to as " polarity of data voltage " by reducing " polarity of data voltage with respect to common voltage "). Clock signal HCLK and the like.

The data driver 500 sequentially receives image data R ′, G ′, and B ′ corresponding to one row of pixels according to the data control signal CONT2 from the signal controller 600, and generates a gray voltage generator ( The image data R ', G', B 'is converted into the corresponding data voltage by selecting the gray voltage corresponding to each of the image data R', G ', and B' among the gray voltages from the 800.

The gate driver 400 applies the gate-on voltage V on to the gate lines G 1 -G n in response to the gate control signal CONT1 from the signal controller 600, thereby applying the gate lines G 1 -G n. Turn on the switching element (Q) connected to.

The gate-on voltage V on is applied to one gate line G 1 -G n so that a row of switching elements Q connected thereto is turned on (this period is "1H" or "1 horizontal period). (horizontal period) "and equal to one period of the horizontal sync signal Hsync, the data enable signal DE, and the gate clock CPV], and the data driver 500 converts each data voltage to a corresponding data line D. 1 -D m ). The data voltage supplied to the data lines D 1 -D m is applied to the corresponding pixel through the turned-on switching element Q.

In this manner, the gate-on voltages V on are sequentially applied to all the gate lines G 1 -G n during one frame to apply data voltages to all the pixels. At the end of one frame, the next frame starts and the state of the inversion signal RVS applied to the data driver 500 is controlled so that the polarity of the data voltage applied to each pixel is opposite to that of the previous frame ("frame inversion). "). In this case, the polarity of the data voltage flowing through one data line may be changed (“line inversion”) within one frame or the polarity of the data voltage applied to one pixel row may be different according to the characteristics of the inversion signal RVS ( "Dot reversal").

3A, 3B, and 8, the timing of the selection signal SELECT and the read signal READ and the output of the sensor voltage V out of the optical sensor 40 of the liquid crystal display of the present invention. Explain.

8 is a timing diagram of a signal for driving the optical sensor 40 in FIG. 2 according to an embodiment of the present invention.

In the present embodiment, for convenience of description, the optical sensor 40 converts the sensor current I out , which is the output of the optical sensor 40, into the sensor voltage V out . We shall include. Then, the output of the optical sensor 40 is the sensor voltage (V out ). In addition, in the present exemplary embodiment, the sensor voltage V out of the optical sensor 40 is read in units of one frame. Of course, if necessary, the sensor voltage V out of the optical sensor 40 may be read every several frames or tens of frames.

As shown in FIG. 8, the selection signal SELECT input to the optical sensor 40 is synchronized with the FLM. Frame head pulse (FLM) is a term commonly used in small and medium sized driving ICs and is a signal for notifying the start of a frame every frame. When the liquid crystal display is driven at 60 Hz, the FLM also becomes a signal operating at 60 Hz. Of course, the selection signal SELECT may operate in synchronization with a signal other than the FLM, for example, the vertical synchronization start signal STV or the vertical synchronization signal V sync . In addition, when the select signal SELECT is made high level every several frames or tens of frames by using a counter or the like, the sensor voltage V out may be read once every several frames or tens of frames.

The read signal READ goes high twice between two adjacent high levels of the select signal SELECT. That is, the first high level of the two high levels of the read signal READ occurs while the select signal SELECT is high, and the second high level after the first high level and before the next high level of the select signal. Happens on. The second high level can be set so that the read signal READ becomes a periodic signal, but this is not necessary.

Next, an operation of generating and outputting the sensor voltage V out by the optical sensor 40 according to the selection signal SELECT and the read signal READ will be described.

When the select signal SELECT becomes high for a predetermined time T1, the select transistor Q2 is turned on. The predetermined time T1 is such that the selection transistor Q2 is turned on so that the reference voltage V DD is sufficient to apply the storage capacitor C s to the gate terminal n3 of the current generating transistor Q3. Set it. The read signal READ is at a high level for a predetermined time T2 while the reference voltage V DD is applied to the gate terminal n3 of the current generation transistor Q3 by the selection signal SELECT. Then, the output transistor Q4 is turned on for a predetermined time T2 and the sensor current I out is output, thereby generating a sensor voltage V out corresponding to the sensor current I out . The predetermined time T2 is set to a time sufficient for the sensor voltage V out to be generated. The generated sensor voltage V out is a voltage corresponding to the reference voltage V DD and becomes a reference value of the sensor voltage V out generated at the second high level of the read signal READ.

As described in the foregoing embodiment, when the selection signal SELECT and the read signal READ are at the low level, the selection transistor Q2 is turned off and the storage capacitor C s is stored in the gate terminal n3 of the current generation transistor Q3. The generated photovoltage is applied. However, since the output transistor Q4 is also in the off state, the current generation transistor Q3 does not generate the sensor current I out corresponding to the photovoltage.

When the read signal READ becomes high again after a predetermined time elapses, the current generation transistor Q3 generates a sensor current I out corresponding to the optical voltage corresponding to the external light amount applied to the gate terminal n3. . This sensor current I out is output through the output transistor Q4 and the sensor voltage V out is generated by the converter 41.

When the select signal SELECT becomes high again, the select transistor Q2 is turned on and the reference voltage V DD is applied to the gate terminal n3 of the current generation transistor Q3. In this state, when the read signal READ becomes high, the output transistor Q4 is turned on and the sensor current I out corresponding to the reference voltage V DD is output through the output transistor Q4 and the converter The sensor voltage V out corresponding to the sensor current I out is generated by the reference numeral 41. When the selection signal SELECT becomes high, the gate terminal n3 of the storage capacitor C s and the current generation transistor Q3 is initialized to the reference voltage V DD and the sensor voltage V out due to the photo voltage. Is also initialized. In other words, the selection signal SELECT is operated as a kind of reset signal or initialization signal.

After a predetermined time elapses, the read signal READ is set to a high level to generate a sensor voltage V out corresponding to the external light amount. By repeating this operation, information on the external light amount can be continuously obtained.

Eventually, the photo sensor 40 is reset by the high level of the selection signal SELECT to determine the reference level of the sensor voltage V out , and after the reset, the read signal READ before the high level of the next selection signal SELECT. By reading the sensor voltage V out corresponding to the external light amount at a high level, it is possible to accurately extract the relative value of the external light amount.

Next, the voltage converter 50 converting the sensor voltage V out generated as described above into a brightness control signal V con for controlling the brightness of the backlight of the liquid crystal display will be described with reference to FIGS. 9 to 12C. do.

9 is a block diagram illustrating a voltage converter 50 according to an embodiment of the present invention.                     

The voltage converter 50 includes a first converter 51, a buffer 52, and a second converter 53 that are sequentially connected. The buffer 52 may be omitted here.

The first converter 51 receives the sensor current I out from the optical sensor 40 and converts the sensor current I out into a sensor voltage V out . That is, the first converter 51 is the same as the converter 41 described above. Therefore, since the converter 41 shown in FIGS. 4A and 4B has been described above, the description of the first converter 51 is omitted here.

Meanwhile, in the previous embodiment, the optical sensor 40 includes the conversion unit 41 that converts the sensor current I out , which is an output signal of the optical sensor 40, into the sensor voltage V out , in the optical sensor 40. The output signal of) is assumed to be the sensor voltage V out . However, the converter 41 may be mounted on the liquid crystal panel assembly 300, but rather, the converter 41 may be mounted on the data PCB 550 or the one chip described above. Therefore, it is preferable that the voltage converter 50 for converting the sensor current I out into the brightness control signal V con actually includes such a converter 41.

10 illustrates a buffer 52 included in the voltage converter 50 according to an embodiment of the present invention. The buffer 52 is a voltage follower, and the output voltage V out 'of the buffer 52 is equal to the input voltage V of the buffer 52 regardless of the impedance of the circuit connected to the output terminal. out ).

FIG. 11A is a circuit diagram illustrating a second converter 53 according to an embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 11B is a graph illustrating input and output characteristics of the second converter 53 of FIG. 11A.

The second converter 53 of the present exemplary embodiment converts the sensor voltage V out input through the buffer 52 into a brightness control signal V con and outputs it. The second converter 53 includes an operational amplifier OPAMP and a plurality of resistors R1, R2, and R3 and operates as an inverting amplifier. That is, the sensor voltage V out is input to the inverting terminal (-) of the operational amplifier OPAMP through the resistor R1, the reference voltage V ref is applied to the non-inverting terminal (+), and the resistor R3. It is connected between this non-inverting terminal (+) and ground. The resistor R2 is connected between the inverting terminal (−) of the operational amplifier OPAMP and the output terminal. The brightness control signal V con , which is an output signal of the inverting amplifier, is represented by Equation 1, as shown in FIG. 11B.

Figure 112004001119426-pat00001

As shown in FIG. 11B, since the brightness control signal V con is a linear function of the sensor voltage V out and its slope is negative, the brightness control signal V con is smaller as the sensor voltage V out is larger. A large sensor voltage (V out ) means a large amount of external light. Therefore, the brightness control signal (V con ) is reduced to reduce the brightness of the backlight. A small sensor voltage (V out ) means a small amount of external light. The control signal V con is increased to increase the brightness of the backlight. On the contrary, in contrast, when the amount of external light is high, the brightness of the backlight may be increased, and when the amount of external light is low, the brightness of the backlight may be reduced. In this case, the second converter 53 may be omitted.

12A is a block diagram illustrating a second converter 53 according to another embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 12B is a diagram illustrating a correspondence relationship between input and output voltages of the second converter 53 of FIG. 12A. 12C is a graph illustrating input and output characteristics of the second converter 53 of FIG. 12A.

The second converter 53 of the present embodiment includes a 2-bit analog-to-digital converter 54 and a four-channel multiplexer 55. The analog-to-digital converter 54 receives the sensor voltage V out and divides it into four stages to generate two-bit selection signals SEL1 and SEL2. The multiplexer 55 outputs one of four voltages V1, V2, V3, and V4 according to the selection signals SEL1 and SEL2. As shown in FIG. 12B, the larger the sensor voltage V out , the smaller the brightness control signal V con . As in the previous embodiment, when the amount of external light is large, the brightness of the backlight is decreased, and when the amount of external light is small, the brightness of the backlight is increased. However, as shown in FIG. 12C, the second converter 53 of the present embodiment differs from the previous embodiment in that the brightness control signal V con does not have a continuous value.

In the present embodiment, the sensor voltage V out is divided into four stages to generate a brightness control signal V con corresponding thereto, but the number of bits of the analog / digital converter 54 is increased and the number of channels of the multiplexer 55 is increased. By increasing, you can divide into more steps to generate the brightness control signal (V con ). Of course, the steps can be further reduced by reducing the number of bits of the analog / digital converter 54 and the number of channels of the multiplexer 55.

As such, when the optical sensor 40 and the voltage converter 50 according to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention are used, the brightness control signal may be generated according to the external light amount, and the brightness of the liquid crystal panel assembly may be adjusted according to the brightness control signal. I can regulate it.

In the above embodiment, the optical sensor 40 has been described as being used in a liquid crystal display, but the present invention is not limited thereto. The optical sensor 40 according to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention may include an electroluminescence (EL) display device and a plasma display (PDP). It can also be used in display devices such as panels.

Although the preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail above, the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and various modifications and improvements of those skilled in the art using the basic concepts of the present invention defined in the following claims are also provided. It belongs to the scope of rights.

Since the optical sensor of the present invention includes a selection transistor and a current generating transistor, the optical voltage relative to the reference voltage can be read, thereby outputting a sensor voltage having a stable gray level while being resistant to noise according to the external light quantity.

In addition, the optical sensor and the voltage converter may generate a brightness control signal according to the amount of external light, and adjust the brightness of the display panel according to the brightness control signal.

Claims (35)

  1. A light receiving unit receiving an external light and generating an optical voltage corresponding to an amount of light;
    A voltage selector for selectively outputting the optical voltage and the reference voltage;
    A current generator for generating a sensor current corresponding to the output voltage of the voltage selector, and
    An output unit for selectively outputting the sensor current from the current generation unit
    Including,
    The light receiving unit,
    A sensor transistor for generating a photocurrent corresponding to the amount of light, and
    A storage capacitor that accumulates charge in accordance with the photocurrent from the sensor transistor to generate the photovoltage
    Optical sensor comprising a.
  2. In claim 1,
    And the voltage selector comprises a selection transistor to selectively apply the reference voltage to the current generator according to a selection signal.
  3. In claim 2,
    The current sensor includes a current generation transistor for generating the sensor current.
  4. 4. The method of claim 3,
    And the selection transistor has an input terminal to which the reference voltage is applied, a control terminal to which the selection signal is applied, and an output terminal connected to the current generating transistor.
  5. In claim 4,
    And the current generating transistor has an input terminal to which the reference voltage is applied, an output terminal of the light receiving unit and a control terminal connected to the output terminal of the selection transistor, and an output terminal for outputting the sensor current.
  6. In claim 5,
    And the selection transistor applies the reference voltage to the control terminal of the current generation transistor when the selection transistor is on, and applies the photo voltage to the control terminal of the current generation transistor when the selection transistor is off.
  7. delete
  8. In claim 1,
    The storage capacitor is coupled between the control terminal of the sensor transistor and the output terminal of the sensor transistor.
  9. In claim 8,
    And an off voltage for turning off the sensor transistor is applied to a control terminal of the sensor transistor.
  10. In claim 1,
    And the output unit includes an output transistor for selectively outputting the sensor current according to a read signal.
  11. In any one of claims 1 to 6,
    And the output unit includes an output transistor for selectively outputting the sensor current according to a read signal.
  12. In claim 11,
    And a converter configured to convert the sensor current into a sensor voltage and output the sensor current.
  13. In claim 12,
    The conversion unit is an optical sensor consisting of a resistor or a capacitor.
  14. An optical sensor that receives external light and generates a sensor current corresponding to an amount of light;
    A voltage converter converting the sensor current from the optical sensor into a control voltage;
    A display panel including a plurality of pixels, and
    Adjusting unit for adjusting the brightness of the display panel according to the control voltage
    Including;
    The optical sensor,
    A light receiving unit for outputting an optical voltage corresponding to the amount of light;
    A voltage selector for selectively outputting the optical voltage and the reference voltage;
    A current generator for generating the sensor current corresponding to the output voltage of the voltage selector, and
    An output unit for selectively outputting the sensor current from the current generation unit
    Including,
    The light receiving unit,
    A sensor transistor for generating a photocurrent corresponding to the amount of light, and
    A storage capacitor that accumulates charge in accordance with the photocurrent from the sensor transistor to generate the photovoltage
    Containing
    Display device.
  15. The method of claim 14,
    The voltage selector includes a selection transistor to selectively apply the reference voltage to the current generator according to a selection signal.
  16. 16. The method of claim 15,
    The current generator includes a current generating transistor for generating the sensor current.
  17. delete
  18. The method of claim 14,
    The output unit includes an output transistor for selectively outputting the sensor current according to a read signal.
  19. The method of claim 18,
    The selection transistor applies the reference voltage to the control terminal of the storage capacitor and the current generation transistor when the selection signal is a first level, and applies the photovoltage to the control terminal of the storage capacitor and the current generation transistor. A display device applied to the control terminal.
  20. The method of claim 19,
    And the output transistor outputs the sensor current when the read signal is at the first level.
  21. The method of claim 20,
    And a signal controller configured to process an image signal to be displayed on the pixel.
    The signal controller generates the selection signal and the read signal and provides the generated selection signal to the optical sensor.
    Display device.
  22. The method of claim 21,
    And the signal controller applies the selection signal to the control terminal of the selection transistor and applies the read signal to the control terminal of the output transistor.
  23. The method of claim 22,
    And the read signal has the first level twice between two adjacent first levels of the selection signal.
  24. The method of claim 23,
    And the optical sensor outputs the sensor current corresponding to the reference voltage at the first first level of the read signal.
  25. The method of claim 24,
    And the optical sensor outputs the sensor current corresponding to the amount of light at the second first level of the read signal.
  26. The method of claim 14,
    The voltage converter,
    A first converter converting the sensor current into a sensor voltage, and
    A second converter converting the sensor voltage into the control voltage
    Containing
    Display device.
  27. In claim 26
    The first conversion unit is made of a resistor or a capacitor.
  28. The method of claim 26,
    And the second converter is an inverting amplifier.
  29. The method of claim 26,
    The second converter,
    An A / D converter for converting the sensor voltage into a digital value, and
    A multiplexer for selecting and outputting the control voltage according to the digital value
    Containing
    Liquid crystal display.
  30. The method of claim 26,
    The voltage converter further includes a buffer connected between the first converter and the second converter.
  31. The method of claim 14,
    And the optical sensor is integrated in the display panel.
  32. The method of claim 14,
    And the optical sensor is integrated at an edge of the display panel.
  33. 33. The method of any one of claims 14-16 and 18-32,
    The control unit includes a light source for irradiating light.
  34. 33. The method of any of claims 14 to 16 and 18 to 32,
    The display device is any one of a liquid crystal display device, an EL, and a PDP.
  35. 33. The method of any of claims 14 to 16 and 18 to 32,
    The pixel includes at least one active element as a switching element.
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US7423639B2 (en) 2008-09-09
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