KR100980162B1 - Running gear for a railway vehicle provided with an improved transversal suspension - Google Patents

Running gear for a railway vehicle provided with an improved transversal suspension Download PDF

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Publication number
KR100980162B1
KR100980162B1 KR1020057019277A KR20057019277A KR100980162B1 KR 100980162 B1 KR100980162 B1 KR 100980162B1 KR 1020057019277 A KR1020057019277 A KR 1020057019277A KR 20057019277 A KR20057019277 A KR 20057019277A KR 100980162 B1 KR100980162 B1 KR 100980162B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
running gear
suspension
railway vehicle
carriage
transverse
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020057019277A
Other languages
Korean (ko)
Other versions
KR20050113275A (en
Inventor
지오프 마터
리하르트 슈나이더
로버트 스코오턴
파트릭 짐머그렌
Original Assignee
봄바디어 트랜스포테이션 게엠베하
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Priority to DE10316497.9 priority Critical
Priority to DE10316497A priority patent/DE10316497A1/en
Application filed by 봄바디어 트랜스포테이션 게엠베하 filed Critical 봄바디어 트랜스포테이션 게엠베하
Publication of KR20050113275A publication Critical patent/KR20050113275A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of KR100980162B1 publication Critical patent/KR100980162B1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F5/00Constructional details of bogies; Connections between bogies and vehicle underframes; Arrangements or devices for adjusting or allowing self-adjustment of wheel axles or bogies when rounding curves
    • B61F5/02Arrangements permitting limited transverse relative movements between vehicle underframe or bolster and bogie; Connections between underframes and bogies
    • B61F5/04Bolster supports or mountings
    • B61F5/10Bolster supports or mountings incorporating fluid springs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F5/00Constructional details of bogies; Connections between bogies and vehicle underframes; Arrangements or devices for adjusting or allowing self-adjustment of wheel axles or bogies when rounding curves
    • B61F5/02Arrangements permitting limited transverse relative movements between vehicle underframe or bolster and bogie; Connections between underframes and bogies
    • B61F5/04Bolster supports or mountings
    • B61F5/12Bolster supports or mountings incorporating dampers
    • B61F5/127Bolster supports or mountings incorporating dampers with fluid as a damping medium
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F5/00Constructional details of bogies; Connections between bogies and vehicle underframes; Arrangements or devices for adjusting or allowing self-adjustment of wheel axles or bogies when rounding curves
    • B61F5/02Arrangements permitting limited transverse relative movements between vehicle underframe or bolster and bogie; Connections between underframes and bogies
    • B61F5/22Guiding of the vehicle underframes with respect to the bogies

Abstract

The invention relates to at least one wheelset, a running gear frame (3) supported by the wheelset via an intermediate first suspension (4), and a second to support the carriage body (5) on the running gear frame. It relates to a running gear for a railway vehicle comprising a suspension and a lateral suspension 24, 25. In a preferred embodiment, the second suspension is provided with an air spring 6. In order to better control the lateral and rolling movements with low interaction, the lateral suspensions 24, 25 and / or the lateral damping device are provided above the second suspension 6 and of the carriage body 5. It is arranged under the bottom.

Description

RUNNING GEAR FOR A RAILWAY VEHICLE PROVIDED WITH AN IMPROVED TRANSVERSAL SUSPENSION}

The invention relates to at least one wheelset, a running gear frame supported on the wheelset by a first suspension, and a second to support a coach body on the running gear frame. To a running gear for a railway vehicle, comprising a suspension, a tilting device for controlled tilting of the carriage body about the longitudinal axis of the railway vehicle, and a transversal suspension. It is about.

An air spring of an air spring type railway vehicle is usually connected with a lateral spring and a lateral damper. In the traditional design of an air spring type railway vehicle having two air springs and a central pin, the transverse spring and the transverse damper are typically arranged in the longitudinal eccentric position or the lower central position. Both positions generally result in undesirable kinematic behavior. The placement in the longitudinal eccentric position results in a reduction in the efficiency of the suspension elements and parasitic rotational vibration. The lower center position increases the rolling motion, thus reducing the damping of the transverse and rolling motions.
From US Pat. No. 6,247,413 B1 a bogie running gear for a railway vehicle with a two-axle traveling gear is known. The traveling gear is fixed to the frame by a first suspension, on which is arranged a pendulum carrier which is laterally aligned in the direction of movement (of the railway vehicle) with a second suspension interposed therebetween. The pendulum carrier is connected to a transversely tiltable traverse that supports the carriage body pivotally about an axis extending in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle, the traverse being frame-shaped and arranged transversely in the direction of travel. Two traverse crossbars, each of which is disposed in front of and behind the pendulum carrier. The traverse crossbar is supported on the pendulum carrier in the movement direction and is disposed on the pendulum carrier so as to be displaceable transversely in the movement direction. The traverse further comprises a central middle section connecting the two crossbars under the pendulum carrier, the central middle section being able to rotate outward with respect to an axis in which the traverse is substantially vertical. Connected to the frame of the running gear to receive longitudinal forces by means of a lemniscate guide, so as to be deflected substantially in the transverse direction.
U.S. Patent No. 3,877,389 discloses a double-deck carriage with a two-axle running gear, each running gear frame and carriage body supported on a wheelset by a first suspension. And a second suspension for supporting the on the running gear frame. The running gears are each provided with transverse suspensions which are arranged below the bottom of the upper carriage body deck and above the second suspension in the intermediate space of the carriage body.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a running gear of the type specified at the outset which does not have the above-mentioned drawbacks of conventional air spring rail vehicles. The compact running design provides a very comfortable suspension in a comprehensive running gear that provides the maximum functionality possible.

This object is solved by the features of claim 1 in a running gear of the type specified at the outset according to the invention.
In the running gear according to the invention, the lateral suspension or the lateral damping device is arranged above the second suspension and below the bottom of the carriage body. In addition, the intermediate support portion is disposed above the second suspension that supports the control member for adjusting the inclination of the carriage body with respect to the running gear frame. The intermediate support has a recess through which the holder supporting the lateral suspension or the lateral damping device protrudes.
In this case, the lateral suspension is preferably arranged in the center of the running gear. As a result of this top and center arrangement of the transverse suspension and / or the transverse damping device, the transverse and rolling movements can be better controlled under less mutual influence. As a result of the central (middle) placement of the transverse suspension and / or the transverse damping device, no coupling occurs between the transverse and rotational vibrations of the running gear, which improves the efficiency of the suspension elements and contributes to the active regulation system. Thus allowing higher regulation characteristics. The running gear according to the present invention provides an extremely compact design for maximum functionality and performance. The running gear of the present invention is distinguished by a relatively simple design, so it can be implemented at low cost.

Preferred and advantageous embodiments of the running gear according to the invention are specified in the dependent claims.

The invention is described in detail below with reference to the drawings showing a plurality of exemplary embodiments.

1 is a schematic illustration of a first exemplary embodiment of a running gear according to the invention.

2 is a schematic representation of a second exemplary embodiment of a running gear according to the invention.

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<Explanation of symbols for the main parts of the drawings>

1: axle section

2: rail wheel

3: running gear frame

4: 1st suspension (coil spring)

5: carriage body

6: air spring (second suspension)

7: air spring bellows

8: auxiliary volume of air spring

9: auxiliary spring of air spring

10: middle support part (intermediate crossbar)

11: roller

12: carriage body crossbar

13: roller track

14: connecting element

15: control member

16: transverse damper

17: holder

18: opening (recess)

19: progressive cross spring

20: cross spring

21: vertical damper

22: roll stabilizer

23: stabilizer guide

24: active cross spring

25: active cross spring

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The running gear shown in FIG. 1 has a plurality of wheelsets, of which only one axle section 1 with one rail wheel 2 of the wheelset is shown for simplicity. The wheelsets each have a brake (not shown), for example a disc brake, and are guided in an axle guide (not shown).

The running gear further comprises a running gear frame 3 supported on the wheelset by a first suspension 4 in the form of a coil spring. The carriage body 5 of a railway vehicle, for example the carriage body of the long-distance train for passenger transport, is supported on the running gear frame 3 by the 2nd suspension 6. Only the bottom of the carriage body 5 among the carriage bodies 5 is shown in this specification. The second suspension consists of at least two suspension units consisting of air springs 6. Each of the air springs 6 has an air spring bellows 7, an auxiliary volume 8 and an auxiliary spring 9 acting in the vertical direction. The components 7 to 9 of the air spring 6 are preferably arranged as close to each other as possible. In this way, long connecting lines can be avoided that can lead to dynamic stiffening at high frequencies or undesirable throttle effects. As shown in FIG. 1, the components 7 to 9 of the air spring 6 are arranged directly in vertical relationship with each other.

Above the air spring 6 is located an intermediate support 10 in the form of a crossbar 10 on which a tilting device known per se is mounted, by which the carriage body 5 is in particular As it moves along the curve, it can be tilted in a controlled manner about its longitudinal axis. The tilting device disposed on the intermediate crossbar 10 preferably comprises four rollers 11 mounted in a special holder on the crossbar 10. Of the four rollers, only two rollers 11 are shown here. On these rollers 11, a carriage body crossbar 12 having a roller track 13 associated with a roller 11 is located on the lower surface. The roller track 13 can be configured curved or convex. In the exemplary embodiment shown, they consist essentially of flat roller tracks 13 inclined in different directions such that their extension lines intersect at one point, such as the sides of the V. The carriage body crossbar 12 is connected to the carriage body 5 by means of a special connecting element 14. The rollers 11 and roller tracks 13 are arranged substantially symmetrically in the vertical longitudinal center plane or longitudinal central axis of the carriage body 5.

The ends of the control element 15 are installed by pivot on the intermediate crossbar 10 and the carriage body crossbar 12, which control elements are for example electromechanical, hydraulic or electro-hydraulic tilt actuators, in particular double acting hydraulics. It may include a cylinder.

The transverse damper 16 is arranged above the intermediate crossbar 10. The transverse damper 16 has one end supported on the intermediate crossbar 10 and the other end supported on the running gear frame 3 by the holder 17. The transverse damper 16 may in particular consist of a semi-active transverse damper. The holder 17 associated with the lateral damper 16 is disposed substantially centrally between the two air springs 6 and extends from the running gear frame 3 to a level above the air springs 6. . For this purpose, the running gear frame 3 may have, for example, a tower shaped opening or recess 18, through which the holder protrudes. The running gear frame 3 has two transverse members. The holder 17 supporting the lateral damper 16 is connected to two transverse members of the running gear frame 3, or preferably by the longitudinal connection of the two transverse members of the frame 3. Is formed. A progressive cross spring 19 is also attached to this holder 17, which functions to limit the lateral relative path between the running gear frame 3 and the intermediate crossbar 10 (stopping device), and likewise the intermediate crossbar. (10) is supported. A progressively acting cross spring 19 is arranged just below the intermediate crossbar 10.

In the longitudinal direction of the front and rear of the air spring 6, one cross spring 20 is disposed between the running gear frame 3 and the intermediate crossbar 10, of which only one cross spring is provided. Shown here. The cross spring 20, which is supported on the running gear frame 3 and the intermediate crossbar 10 by a holder, is preferably arranged in the recess of the frame.

It can be seen that the transverse damper 16 is arranged between two of the four rollers 11 of the tilting device. The control element 15 of the tilting device is arranged between the other two rollers.

Each vertical damper 21 is arranged between the running gear frame 3 and the intermediate crossbar 10 on the outside of the air spring 6. Depending on the requirements, one or two roll stabilizers 22 are provided. The torsion rod of the roll stabilizer is mounted on the running gear frame 3, while the stabilizer guide (guide member) 23 is pivoted on the intermediate support 10 on the outside of the air spring 6. Is installed.

The exemplary embodiment shown schematically in FIG. 2 shows that, in particular, instead of a manually acting cross spring and a manually acting transverse damper, an active transverse suspension is placed on top of the intermediate crossbar 10 and thus air. It differs from the exemplary embodiment according to FIG. 1 in that it is arranged above the spring 6 (second suspension). The active lateral suspension here consists of two active cross springs 24, 25 attached on the upper cross of the holder 17 and the intermediate crossbar 10 through the opening 18 of the intermediate crossbar 10. Is formed. It is also possible to provide only one active cross spring on the holder 17 instead of two active cross springs 24, 25. The holder 17 is again arranged in the longitudinal center plane of the carriage body 5, the other end of which is attached on the running gear frame 3. In this case, the carriage body 5 is also provided with a tilting device. The carriage body crossbar 12 is attached to the carriage body 5, which has an arc-shaped curved roller track 13 on its lower surface, whereby the carriage body 5 It can be seen that it lies on the roller 11 mounted on the intermediate crossbar 10.

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The present invention thus provides the option of active cross springs, semi-active lateral dampers and tilting techniques as desired without the need to fundamentally change the interface between the running gear and the carriage body or to interfere with the structure of the carriage body. Provides a modular running gear.

As described above, the present invention provides a railway comprising at least one wheelset, a running gear frame supported on the wheelset by a first suspension, a second suspension for supporting a carriage body on the running gear, and a lateral suspension. It can be used for a vehicle running gear and the like.

Claims (24)

  1. At least one wheelset, a running gear frame 3 supported on the wheelset by a first suspension 4, a second suspension for supporting the carriage body 5 on the running gear frame, of a railway vehicle A running gear for a railway vehicle comprising a tilting device for the controlled tilting of the carriage body 5 about a longitudinal axis and transverse suspensions 24, 25, wherein the second suspension ( 6 and a transverse damping device 16 or the transverse suspensions 24 and 25 are arranged above and below the bottom of the carriage body 5, the intermediate support 10 being the running gear frame 3. In the running gear for a railway vehicle, which is arranged on the second suspension 6 supporting the control member 15 for adjusting the inclination of the carriage body 5 with respect to
    The intermediate support 10 has a recess 18 through which the holder 17 supporting the lateral suspension 24, 25 or the lateral damping device 16 protrudes. Running gear for rolling stock.
  2. The method of claim 1,
    The second suspension (6) is formed by at least two suspension units, wherein the transverse suspension (24, 25) is arranged in the center between the suspension units.
  3. The method according to claim 1 or 2,
    The lateral suspensions 24, 25 are supported on the running gear frame 3 by the holder 17, and the holder 17 is supported by the second suspension 6 from the running gear frame 3. Running gear for railroad cars, characterized by extending to a level above).
  4. The method of claim 3,
    Running gear for a railway vehicle, characterized in that the holder (17) is arranged centrally between the two suspension units of the second suspension (6).
  5. The method of claim 3,
    The running gear frame (3) has two lateral supports, and the holder (17) for supporting the lateral suspension is connected to the two lateral supports.
  6. The method of claim 2,
    Running gear for a railway vehicle, characterized in that the suspension unit is composed of an air spring (6).
  7. The method of claim 2,
    Each of the suspension units has air spring bellows (7), an auxiliary volume (8), and an auxiliary spring (9) acting in a vertical direction.
  8. The method according to claim 1 or 2,
    The transverse damping device (16) is a running gear for a railway vehicle, characterized in that formed by a transverse damper.
  9. The method according to claim 1 or 2,
    The transverse suspension is a running gear for a railway vehicle, characterized in that it is formed by at least one active or semi-active transverse suspension device (24, 25).
  10. The method according to claim 1 or 2,
    Running gear for a railway vehicle, characterized in that at least one cross spring (20) is disposed in front of and behind the second suspension (6), respectively, when viewed in the direction of movement of the railway vehicle.
  11. The method of claim 10,
    The cross spring (20) is a running gear for a railway vehicle, characterized in that arranged in the recessed area of the running gear frame (3), respectively.
  12. The method according to claim 1 or 2,
    Running gear for a railway vehicle, characterized in that at least one roll stabilizer (22) is attached to the running gear frame (3).
  13. The method according to claim 1 or 2,
    The tilting device comprises at least two rollers 11 abutting a curved or flat roller track 13, the flat roller track being inclined towards the intersection, in relation to the running gear frame 3. Running gear for a railway vehicle, characterized in that a control member (15) for adjusting the inclination of the carriage body (5) is arranged between the rollers (11).
  14. The method of claim 13,
    The running gear for the railway vehicle, characterized in that the roller (11) of the tilting device is supported on an intermediate support (10).
  15. The method according to claim 1 or 2,
    A running gear for a railway vehicle, characterized in that a roll stabilizer (22) is connected to the intermediate support (10) by a guide member (23).
  16. The method according to claim 1 or 2,
    Said lateral suspension comprises at least one progressively acting cross spring which limits lateral displacement between said running gear frame 3 and said carriage body 5 or said intermediate support 10. The running gear for railway vehicles characterized by the above-mentioned.
  17. The method according to claim 1 or 2,
    Running gear for a railroad vehicle, characterized in that at least one vertical damper (21) is arranged parallel to the second suspension.
  18. The method of claim 17,
    The vertical damper (21) is a running gear for a railway vehicle, characterized in that attached to the running gear frame (3) and the intermediate support (10).
  19. The method of claim 13,
    The roller track (13) is a running gear for a railway vehicle, characterized in that formed on the carriage body crossbar (12).
  20. The method of claim 19,
    One end of the control member (15) is supported on the carriage body crossbar (12) running gear for a railway vehicle.
  21. The method of claim 19,
    Running carriage for a railway vehicle, characterized in that the carriage body crossbar (12) is connected to the carriage body (5) by a connecting element (14).
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  23. delete
  24. delete
KR1020057019277A 2003-04-09 2004-04-07 Running gear for a railway vehicle provided with an improved transversal suspension KR100980162B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE10316497.9 2003-04-09
DE10316497A DE10316497A1 (en) 2003-04-09 2003-04-09 Chassis for a rail vehicle with improved transverse suspension

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
KR20050113275A KR20050113275A (en) 2005-12-01
KR100980162B1 true KR100980162B1 (en) 2010-09-03

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
KR1020057019277A KR100980162B1 (en) 2003-04-09 2004-04-07 Running gear for a railway vehicle provided with an improved transversal suspension

Country Status (15)

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US (1) US20070137515A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1610995B1 (en)
JP (1) JP4435152B2 (en)
KR (1) KR100980162B1 (en)
CN (1) CN100448725C (en)
AT (1) AT364542T (en)
CA (1) CA2521332C (en)
DE (2) DE10316497A1 (en)
DK (1) DK1610995T3 (en)
ES (1) ES2288254T3 (en)
NO (1) NO328621B1 (en)
PL (1) PL1610995T3 (en)
PT (1) PT1610995E (en)
RU (1) RU2331536C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2004089716A1 (en)

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Publication number Publication date
ES2288254T3 (en) 2008-01-01
JP4435152B2 (en) 2010-03-17
DK1610995T3 (en) 2007-10-08
NO328621B1 (en) 2010-04-06
US20070137515A1 (en) 2007-06-21
CA2521332C (en) 2012-03-13
DE10316497A1 (en) 2005-01-05
CN1774361A (en) 2006-05-17
KR20050113275A (en) 2005-12-01
CN100448725C (en) 2009-01-07
WO2004089716A1 (en) 2004-10-21
RU2331536C2 (en) 2008-08-20
PL1610995T3 (en) 2007-11-30
JP2006522707A (en) 2006-10-05
CA2521332A1 (en) 2004-10-21
AT364542T (en) 2007-07-15
NO20055215D0 (en) 2005-11-04
PT1610995E (en) 2007-09-11
DE502004004088D1 (en) 2007-07-26
NO20055215L (en) 2005-11-04
EP1610995A1 (en) 2006-01-04
EP1610995B1 (en) 2007-06-13
RU2005134399A (en) 2007-08-20

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