KR100937779B1 - Method of manufacturing charcoal boards and charcoal boards using the same - Google Patents

Method of manufacturing charcoal boards and charcoal boards using the same Download PDF

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KR100937779B1
KR100937779B1 KR1020090078974A KR20090078974A KR100937779B1 KR 100937779 B1 KR100937779 B1 KR 100937779B1 KR 1020090078974 A KR1020090078974 A KR 1020090078974A KR 20090078974 A KR20090078974 A KR 20090078974A KR 100937779 B1 KR100937779 B1 KR 100937779B1
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board
weight
mixing
molding
charcoal
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KR1020090078974A
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Korean (ko)
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노미화
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노미화
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B11/00Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles
    • B28B11/08Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles for reshaping the surface, e.g. smoothing, roughening, corrugating, making screw-threads
    • B28B11/0872Non-mechanical reshaping of the surface, e.g. by burning, acids, radiation energy, air flow, etc.
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B3/00Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B14/00Use of inorganic materials as fillers, e.g. pigments, for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of inorganic materials specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B14/02Granular materials, e.g. microballoons
    • C04B14/04Silica-rich materials; Silicates
    • C04B14/10Clay
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/04Clay; Kaolin
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/622Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/64Burning or sintering processes

Abstract

PURPOSE: A manufacturing method of a charcoal board and a charcoal board using the same are provided to be reused to prevent the acidification of the soil, to improve the adaptability about a building because of light and strong material, to improve the safety against fire because of non-combustible material, and to obtain the profitable effect of charcoal and yellow soil. CONSTITUTION: A manufacturing method of a charcoal board comprises the steps for: making the mixed powder by mixing one mineral 80~98 weight% of loess, clay, and kaolin, and wood powder 2~20 weight%; making the compound powder by mixing the mixed powder 60~90 weight% and water 10~40 weight%; making a board by compressing after putting the compound powder into a mold and installing a wire net in the compound powder; spaying the yellow soil liquid to one side or whole sides of the board; drying the yellow soil coated board in the general temperature or a drying furnace; and plasticizing the dried board at a temperature of 300~500°C for 1~4 hours in the condition that oxygen is not supplied.

Description

숯보드의 제조방법 및 이를 이용한 숯보드{.}Manufacturing method of charcoal board and charcoal board using the same {.}
본 발명은 숯보드의 제조방법 및 이를 이용한 숯보드에 관한 것으로, 실내 주거환경 개선을 위하여 숯과 황토가 지낸 여러 유익한 효능을 그대로 발현시킬 수 있고, 불연재료 구성되어 화재로부터 안전을 기할 수 있을 뿐만 아니라 가벼우면서도 견고하여 건축물에 대한 적용성이 높으며, 파손 또는 건축물의 철거시 적조방지용, 토양의 산성화 방지용으로 재활용이 가능한 숯보드의 제조방법 및 이를 이용한 숯보드에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing a charcoal board and a charcoal board using the same, which can express various beneficial effects of the charcoal and loess for improving the indoor living environment, and is made of a non-combustible material to ensure safety from fire. In addition, it is light and robust, and has high applicability to buildings, and relates to a method of manufacturing a charcoal board that can be recycled to prevent red tide when breaking or demolishing a building, and to prevent acidification of soil, and a charcoal board using the same.
대한민국 특허출원번호 제2006-0027033호 "재활용 소재를 이용한 건축용 숯보드 및 그 제조방법"Republic of Korea Patent Application No. 2006-0027033 "Building charcoal board using recycled material and its manufacturing method"
대한민국 특허출원번호 제2007-0003559호 "황토 및 목분을 주원료로 하는 숯벽돌 및 그 제조방법"Republic of Korea Patent Application No. 2007-0003559 "Charcoal bricks based on ocher and wood powder and its manufacturing method"
기존 건축용 마감재료는 시멘트와 모래를 일정한 비율로 배합된 모르타르를 이용하여 만들어진 보드가 주류를 이루고 있는데, 이러한 방법으로 제조된 보드는 생산단가가 저렴한 장점이 있지만 보드 자체에서 인체에 유해한 성분이 방출되고, 미려한 외관을 위해 표면에 페인트 등을 칠하여 최근 문제시되고 있는 새집증후군 등의 문제점이 발생하며, 습도조절능력이 떨어져 여름 장마철처럼 습도가 높은 날씨에는 주거생활에 좋지 않은 영향을 미치게 된다.Existing building finishing materials are mainly made of mortar mixed with cement and sand in a certain proportion. Boards manufactured in this way have a low production cost, but the board itself emits harmful substances. For example, painting the surface for a beautiful appearance causes problems such as sick house syndrome, which has recently become a problem. In addition, the humidity control ability is poor, which may adversely affect residential life in high humidity weather such as the summer rainy season.
최근 새집증후군, 환경부의 실내공기질관리법의 강화, 웰빙(well-being) 수요 증가 등으로 인해 건축물의 실내 공기를 향상시키고, 유해한 물질을 제거할 수 있는 천연 코팅제, 항균제 및 광촉매제 등의 건축자재가 큰 인기를 끌고 있다.Recently, building materials such as natural coatings, antimicrobial agents and photocatalysts can be used to improve indoor air and remove harmful substances due to new house syndrome, strengthening of indoor air quality control law of the Ministry of Environment, and increasing demand for well-being. It is gaining great popularity.
공지의 예로서 대한민국 특허출원번호 제2006-0027033호가 개시되어 있는데 이는 보드의 본체 내부에 숯기둥을 삽입하고, 보트의 표면에 접착망을 부착한 다음 표면코팅을 한 것으로 보드 내부에 숯기둥이 삽입되어 숯이 갖는 음이온 및 원적외선의 발생과 냄새 제거, 습도 조절 등의 여러 가지 유리한 효과를 최대한 발현시키기에는 무리가 있었다.As a well-known example, Korean Patent Application No. 2006-0027033 is disclosed, which inserts a charcoal pillar into a body of a board, attaches an adhesive network to the surface of a boat, and then applies a surface coating to insert a charcoal pillar into a board. Therefore, it was difficult to express various beneficial effects such as generation of anions and far infrared rays, removal of odors, and humidity control of charcoal.
또한, 본 출원인에 의해서 권리화된 대한민국 특허출원번호 제2007-0003559호 "황토 및 목분을 주원료로 하는 숯벽돌 및 그 제조방법"이 개시되어 있다.In addition, Korean Patent Application No. 2007-0003559 entitled "Charcoal bricks based on loess and wood flour and its manufacturing method" is disclosed by the applicant.
그러나 상기 숯벽돌은 최근 건설되는 건축물이 아파트와 고층빌딩이 주를 이루고 있어 그 적용범위가 좁아지고 있는 실정이다.However, the charcoal brick is a building that is recently constructed, the apartments and high-rise buildings dominate the situation is narrowing the scope of application.
본 발명은 이러한 문제점을 해결하기 위하여 안출된 것으로서, 본 발명의 목적은 실내 주거환경 개선을 위하여 숯과 황토가 지낸 여러 유익한 효능을 그대로 발현시킬 수 있고, 탄화물질이므로 불연재료 구성되어 화재로부터 안전을 기할 수 있을 뿐만 아니라 가벼우면서도 견고하여 건축물에 대한 적용성이 높으며, 파손 또는 건축물의 철거시 적조방지용, 토양의 산성화 방지용으로 재활용이 가능하여 친환경적인 숯보드의 제조방법 및 이를 이용한 숯보드를 제공한다.The present invention has been made to solve this problem, the object of the present invention is to express the various beneficial effects of the charcoal and loess for improving the indoor living environment as it is, because it is a carbonized material is composed of non-combustible materials to ensure safety from fire Not only can it be light, but it is also light and strong, so it has high applicability to buildings, and it can be recycled to prevent red tide when damage or demolition of buildings, and to prevent acidification of soil. .
상술한 목적을 달성하기 위한 본 발명은,The present invention for achieving the above object,
황토, 점토, 고령토 중 선택된 어느 하나의 광물질과 목분을 혼합하여 혼합분말을 수득하는 혼합단계;Mixing step of mixing the wood powder with any one selected from ocher, clay, kaolin to obtain a mixed powder;
상기 혼합단계를 통해 얻은 혼합분말과 물을 혼합 후 반죽하여 반죽물을 수득하는 반죽단계;A kneading step of kneading the mixed powder and water obtained through the mixing step and then kneading;
상기 반죽단계를 통해 얻은 반죽물을 성형틀에 투입하되, 상기 성형틀에 투입된 반죽물의 내부에 철망이 위치하도록 삽입한 후 압착하여 보드로 성형하는 보드성형단계;A board molding step of inserting the dough obtained through the kneading step into a molding mold, inserting the wire mesh so as to be positioned inside the dough to be put into the molding mold, and then pressing and molding the dough into a board;
상기 보드성형단계를 통해 얻은 보드성형물의 일면 또는 전면에 황토물을 도포하는 황토코팅단계;Ocher coating step of applying ocher on one surface or the front of the board molding obtained through the board molding step;
상기 황토코팅단계를 통해 얻은 황토가 코팅된 보드성형물을 상온 또는 건조로에서 건조시키는 건조단계;A drying step of drying the ocher coated board molding obtained through the ocher coating step at room temperature or a drying furnace;
상기 건조단계를 통해 얻은 건조된 보드성형물을 산소를 공급하지 않는 상태에서 300 ~ 500℃의 온도에서 1 ~ 4시간 동안 소성하는 소성단계;로 이루어진 숯보드 제조방법에 있어서,
상기 혼합분말은 광물질 80 ~ 98중량%와 목분 2 ~ 20중량%를 혼합하여 이루어지고, 상기 반죽물은 혼합분말 60 ~ 90중량%와 물 10 ~ 40중량%를 혼합하여 이루어지며, 상기 황토물은 200 ~ 300메쉬의 황토분말 70 ~ 80중량%와 물 20 ~ 30중량%를 혼합하여 이루어지고, 상기 철망은 와이어메쉬의 가로방향 와이어와 세로방향 와이어가 서로 교차되는 지점에 수직방향으로 와이어가 더 형성된 와이어메쉬인 것을 특징으로 한다.
In the charcoal board manufacturing method consisting of; firing step of firing for 1 to 4 hours at a temperature of 300 ~ 500 ℃ in a state in which the dried board molding obtained through the drying step does not supply oxygen
The mixed powder is made by mixing 80 to 98% by weight of minerals and 2 to 20% by weight of wood powder, and the dough is made by mixing 60 to 90% by weight of mixed powder and 10 to 40% by weight of water. Silver is made by mixing 70 to 80% by weight of 200 to 300 mesh loess powder and 20 to 30% by weight of water, and the wire mesh is perpendicular to the point where the horizontal wire and the vertical wire cross each other. It is characterized in that the wire mesh further formed.
또한, 황토, 점토, 고령토 중 선택된 어느 하나의 광물질과 목분을 혼합하여 혼합분말을 수득하는 혼합단계;In addition, the mixing step of mixing the wood powder with any one selected from ocher, clay, kaolin to obtain a mixed powder;
상기 혼합단계를 통해 얻은 혼합분말과 물을 혼합 후 반죽하여 반죽물을 수득하는 반죽단계;A kneading step of kneading the mixed powder and water obtained through the mixing step and then kneading;
상기 반죽단계를 통해 얻은 반죽물을 성형틀에 투입하되, 상기 성형틀에 투입된 반죽물의 내부에 철망이 위치하도록 삽입한 후 압착하여 보드로 성형하는 보드성형단계;A board molding step of inserting the dough obtained through the kneading step into a molding mold, inserting the wire mesh so as to be positioned inside the dough to be put into the molding mold, and then pressing and molding the dough into a board;
상기 보드성형단계를 통해 얻은 보드성형물을 상온 또는 건조로에서 건조시키는 1차건조단계;A first drying step of drying the board molding obtained through the board molding step at room temperature or a drying furnace;
상기 1차건조단계를 통해 얻은 건조된 보드성형물을 산소를 공급하지 않는 상태에서 300 ~ 500℃의 온도에서 1 ~ 4시간 동안 소성하는 소성단계;A firing step of firing the dried board molding obtained through the first drying step at a temperature of 300 to 500 ° C. for 1 to 4 hours without supplying oxygen;
상기 소성단계를 통해 얻은 보드성형물의 일면 또는 전면에 황토물을 도포하는 황토코팅단계;Ocher coating step of applying ocher on one surface or the entire surface of the board molding obtained through the firing step;
상기 황토코팅단계를 통해 얻은 보드성형물을 상온 또는 건조로에서 건조시키는 2차건조단계;로 이루어진 숯보드 제조방법에 있어서,
상기 혼합분말은 광물질 80 ~ 98중량%와 목분 2 ~ 20중량%를 혼합하여 이루어지고, 상기 반죽물은 혼합분말 60 ~ 90중량%와 물 10 ~ 40중량%를 혼합하여 이루어지며, 상기 황토물은 200 ~ 300메쉬의 황토분말 70 ~ 80중량%와 물 20 ~ 30중량%를 혼합하여 이루어지고, 상기 철망은 와이어메쉬의 가로방향 와이어와 세로방향 와이어가 서로 교차되는 지점에 수직방향으로 와이어가 더 형성된 와이어메쉬인 것을 특징으로 한다.
In the charcoal board manufacturing method consisting of; A secondary drying step of drying the board molding obtained by the ocher coating step at room temperature or drying furnace;
The mixed powder is made by mixing 80 to 98% by weight of minerals and 2 to 20% by weight of wood powder, and the dough is made by mixing 60 to 90% by weight of mixed powder and 10 to 40% by weight of water. Silver is made by mixing 70 to 80% by weight of 200 to 300 mesh loess powder and 20 to 30% by weight of water, and the wire mesh is perpendicular to the point where the horizontal wire and the vertical wire cross each other. It is characterized in that the wire mesh further formed.
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본 발명의 다른 목적 및 효과는 이하의 상세한 설명으로부터 명확하게 되고, 본 발명의 바람직한 실시예를 나타내는 상세한 설명 및 실시예는 본 발명의 범주를 제한하는 것이 아니다.Other objects and effects of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description, and the detailed description and examples showing the preferred embodiments of the present invention do not limit the scope of the present invention.
본 발명에 따른 숯보드의 제조방법 및 이를 이용한 숯보드에 의하면, 기존의 천정 및 벽체에 주로 사용되는 석고보드를 대체하여 실내 주거환경 개선을 위하여 숯과 황토가 지낸 여러 유익한 효능을 그대로 발현시킬 수 있고, 탄화물질이므로 불연재료 구성되어 화재로부터 안전을 기할 수 있을 뿐만 아니라 가벼우면서도 견고하여 건축물에 대한 적용성이 높으며, 파손 또는 건축물의 철거시 적조방지용, 토양의 산성화 방지용으로 재활용이 가능하여 친환경적인 효과가 있다.According to the method of manufacturing the charcoal board according to the present invention and the charcoal board using the same, it is possible to express the various beneficial effects of the charcoal and loess as it is to replace the existing gypsum board mainly used in the ceiling and walls as the indoor living environment As it is a carbonized material, it is composed of non-combustible materials, so it is not only safe from fire, but also light and strong, so it is highly applicable to buildings. It works.
이하, 본 발명에 따른 하나의 바람직한 실시예를 첨부도면을 참조하여 상세히 설명한다.Hereinafter, one preferred embodiment according to the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
도 1은 본 발명에 따른 숯보드의 제조방법을 나타내는 공정도이고, 도 2는 본 발명에 따른 숯보드 제조방법의 다른 실시예를 나타내는 공정도이고, 도 3은 본 발명에 따른 숯보드의 제조방법에 의해 제조된 숯보드의 부분절단된 사시도이고, 도 4a 및 도 4b는 본 발명에 적용된 철망의 사시도이다.1 is a process chart showing a method of manufacturing a charcoal board according to the present invention, Figure 2 is a process chart showing another embodiment of a method of manufacturing a charcoal board according to the present invention, Figure 3 is a method of manufacturing a charcoal board according to the present invention Partly cut perspective view of the charcoal board produced by, Figure 4a and Figure 4b is a perspective view of the wire mesh applied to the present invention.
먼저, 본 발명에 따른 숯보드의 제조방법 및 이를 이용한 숯보드는 본 출원인에 의해서 권리화된 대한민국 특허출원번호 제2007-0003559호의 광물질과 목분을 분쇄한 후 혼합하여 성형한 다음 소성하는 것을 본 발명에 기본적으로 적용된다.First, the method of manufacturing the charcoal board according to the present invention and the charcoal board using the same, and then pulverized and mixed and then pulverized the mineral material and wood flour of the Republic of Korea Patent Application No. 2007-0003559, which is right by the applicant in the present invention It is applied by default.
본 발명에 적용되는 점토는 토양이나 풍화작용을 받은 암석에서 산출되는 것으로 운모와 같은 층 구조로써 카올리류 같이 2층구조로 된 것이 있고, 몬모릴로나이트, 일라이트 등과 같이 3층 구조로 된 것도 있으며, 모래나 실트에 비해서 단위 무게당 표면적이 훨씬 넓어 수분의 보유력이 강하다.The clay applied to the present invention is produced from soil or weathered rock, and has a mica-like layer structure, which has a two-layer structure such as kaoli, and a three-layer structure such as montmorillonite, illite, etc. Compared to sand or silt, the surface area per unit weight is much wider, so the moisture retention is strong.
본 발명에 적용되는 고령토는 카올린, 백도토라고도 하는데, 바위 속에 있는 장석, 정장석, 소다 장석, 회장성 같은 장석류가 탄산 또는 물에 의해 화학적으로 분해되는 풍화에 의해 생성되는 것으로, 그 주성분은 카올리나이트(Al2O32SiO22H2O) 와 할로이사이트(Al2O3SiO24H2O) 이다.Kaolin applied to the present invention is also referred to as kaolin, white clay, feldspar, such as feldspar, feldspar, soda feldspar, ileal in the rock is produced by weathering that is chemically decomposed by carbonic acid or water, the main component is kaolinite ( Al 2 O 3 2SiO 2 2H 2 O) and halosites (Al 2 O 3 SiO 2 4H 2 O).
본 발명에 적용되는 황토는 육각 구조의 입자로 구성되어 있으며 탄산칼슘에 의하여 느슨하게 교결되어 있는 연황색 퇴적물로서 대개 균질하고 층리가 발달되어 있지 않으며, 공극률이 크고 퇴적층을 수직방향으로 갈라지게 하는 수직의 열극들이 발달해 있기 때문에 분해력, 자정력, 흡수력이 강하며 단열효과가 우수하다. 특히 실리카, 산화알루미늄 등을 주성분으로 하여 생물체에 필요한 산화철, 칼리, 칼슘, 망간 마그네슘 등의 미네랄이 포함되어 있으며 원적외선을 방출한다.The ocher applied to the present invention is composed of hexagonal particles and loosely intercalated by calcium carbonate, which is a light yellow sediment, which is usually homogeneous and not layered, and has a high porosity and a vertical splitting of the sediment layer in the vertical direction. Because of the development of the hot poles, the decomposition, self-cleaning and absorption are strong, and the thermal insulation effect is excellent. Particularly, silica, aluminum oxide, etc. are used as main components, and minerals such as iron oxide, kali, calcium, and manganese magnesium necessary for living organisms are included, and emit far infrared rays.
상기 황토, 점토, 고령토 중 선택된 어느 하나의 광물과 혼합되는 목분은 일반적인 톱밥의 형태로 되는 것으로, 하기에서 설명하는 바와 같이 소성과정을 거치면서 탄화되어 숯이 되므로 이 과정을 통해 경량화가 이루어져 보드의 중량이 감소하게 되고 숯의 효과로써 원적외선을 발생으로 혈액 순환촉진, 전자기에 의한 전자파를 산란, 음이온 발생으로 정균작용 및 탈취효과 등을 갖게 된다.The wood powder mixed with one of the minerals selected from ocher, clay, and kaolin is in the form of a general sawdust, and is carbonized during the firing process as described below. The weight is reduced and the effect of charcoal has far infrared rays, which promotes blood circulation, scatters electromagnetic waves by electromagnetic, and has bacteriostatic and deodorizing effects by generating negative ions.
이하, 본 발명에 따른 숯보드의 제조하는 방법을 각 단계별로 살펴보면 다음과 같다.Hereinafter, looking at each step of the method for producing a charcoal board according to the present invention.
1. 혼합단계1. Mixing Step
황토, 점토, 고령토 중 선택된 어느 하나의 광물질과 목분을 혼합하여 혼합분말을 수득한다.Mixed powder is obtained by mixing wood powder with any one selected from loess, clay and kaolin.
이때, 혼합분말은 상기 분쇄된 광물질 80 ~ 98중량%에 목분 2 ~ 20중량%를 혼합하여 혼합분말을 얻는다.At this time, the mixed powder is mixed with 80 to 98% by weight of the wood powder 2 to 20% by weight to obtain a mixed powder.
2. 반죽단계2. Kneading step
혼합단계를 통해 얻은 혼합분말에 물을 투입한 후 반죽하여 반죽물을 수득한다.Water was added to the mixed powder obtained through the mixing step, followed by kneading to obtain a dough.
바람직하게 상기 반죽물은 혼합분말 60 ~ 90중량%와 물 10 ~ 40중량%를 토련기에 넣고 반죽하여 이루어진다.Preferably, the dough is made by kneading 60 to 90% by weight of the mixed powder and 10 to 40% by weight of water in a toner.
이때, 물은 상기 양보다 적게 넣게 되면 반죽이 되져 결합력이 떨어지고, 상 기 양보다 많이 널게 되면 반죽이 묽어져 건조하는 시간이 길어지게 된다.At this time, if the water is less than the amount of the dough becomes a bonding force is lowered, if more than the amount of the dough becomes thinner and the drying time becomes longer.
3. 보드성형단계3. Board Forming Step
반죽단계를 통해 얻은 반죽물을 성형틀에 투입하되, 상기 성형틀에 투입된 반죽물의 내부에 철망(30)이 위치하도록 삽입한 후 압착하여 보드로 성형한다.The dough obtained through the kneading step is put into a molding mold, and the wire mesh 30 is inserted into the dough to be placed in the mold, and then pressed into a mold.
이때, 상기 철망(30)은 도 4a 및 도 4b에 도시된 바와 같이, 통상의 와이어메쉬(32) 또는 가로방향 와이어(34a)와 세로방향 와이어(34b)가 서로 교차되는 지점에 수직방향으로 와이어(34c)가 더 형성된 와이어메쉬(34)가 적용됨이 바람직하다.In this case, the wire mesh 30 is a wire in the vertical direction at the point where the conventional wire mesh 32 or the horizontal wire 34a and the longitudinal wire 34b cross each other, as shown in FIGS. 4A and 4B. It is preferable that the wire mesh 34 further formed with 34c is applied.
위와 같이 숯보드(10)의 내부에 철망(30)이 형성됨으로 인해 높은 강도를 유지하여 보다 견고한 효과가 있다.Since the wire mesh 30 is formed in the interior of the charcoal board 10 as described above, there is a more robust effect by maintaining a high strength.
4. 황토코팅단계4. Ocher coating step
보드성형단계를 통해 얻은 보드성형물의 일면 또는 전면 즉 모든 면에 황토물을 도포하여 황토코팅층(20)을 형성시킨다.The ocher coating layer 20 is formed by applying ocher to one or all surfaces of the board molding obtained through the board molding step.
이때 상기 황토물은 200 ~ 300메쉬의 황토분말 70 ~ 80중량%와 물 20 ~ 30중량%를 혼합하여 이루어진다.At this time, the loess is made by mixing 70 to 80% by weight of the loess powder of 200 to 300 mesh and 20 to 30% by weight of water.
이러한 황토코팅단계는 보드성형물의 목분이 소성단계를 통해 탄화되어 흑색을 띠게 되어 외장용으로 사용하기에는 미감상 좋지 못한 문제점이 있기 때문에 외부에 노출되는 숯보드(10)의 표면에 황토물로 코팅하여 황토코팅층(20)을 형성시켜 이러한 문제점을 해결하고, 황토코팅층(20)은 200 ~ 300메쉬의 미세한 황토분말로 인해 표면이 거칠지 않고, 매끄럽게 성형된다. In the ocher coating step, the wood powder of the board molding is carbonized through the sintering step to have a black color, which is not good for use for exterior use. Thus, the ocher coating is coated with ocher on the surface of the charcoal board 10 exposed to the outside. To solve this problem by forming the coating layer 20, the ocher coating layer 20 is a surface is not rough due to the fine ocher powder of 200 ~ 300 mesh, it is molded smoothly.
5. 건조단계5. Drying Step
보드성형단계를 통해 얻은 보드성형물을 상온 또는 건조로에서 건조한다.Board molding obtained through the board forming step is dried at room temperature or drying furnace.
바람직하게 상기 보드성형물은 상온의 그늘진 곳에서 48 ~ 50시간 동안 건조하거나 50 ~ 70℃의 건조로에서 8 ~ 10시간 동안 건조시킨다.Preferably the board molding is dried for 48 to 50 hours in a shade of room temperature or for 8 to 10 hours in a drying furnace of 50 to 70 ℃.
6. 소성단계6. Firing step
건조단계를 통해 얻은 건조된 보드성형물을 소성시켜 숯보드(10)를 제조한다.By firing the dried board molding obtained through the drying step to prepare a charcoal board (10).
상기 소성은 산소가 공급되지 않는 상태의 소성로에 건조된 보드성형물을 넣고 300 ~ 500℃의 온도에서 1 ~ 4시간 동안 소성한다.The firing is put into a dried board molding in a firing furnace in the state that oxygen is not supplied and calcined for 1 to 4 hours at a temperature of 300 ~ 500 ℃.
이때, 소성과정에서 산소가 공급되지 않는 상태에서 소성가공을 하게 되면 보드성형물에 포함된 목분성분에서 탄화가 일어난다.In this case, when the plastic working is performed in a state in which oxygen is not supplied in the firing process, carbonization occurs in the wood powder component included in the board molding.
소성로의 열원은 산소가 공급되는 정도에 따라서 환원염, 중성염, 산화염으로 나뉘는데, 본 발명에 적용되는 열원은 소성로 내부에 산소의 공급을 차단한 상태의 환원염에서 소성가공하는 것으로써 소성 초기에는 소성로 내의 온도가 서서히 상승함에 따라 환원염에 의하여 경화 및 탄화가 진행되는데, 이때 목분은 산화됨이 없이 분해됨으로써 축중합에 의하여 지방족 및 방향족화 되어 축합 벤젠고리를 가지고 평면상의 분자를 형성함으로써 연한 흑색의 탄화물로 된다.The heat source of the kiln is divided into reducing salts, neutral salts, and oxidizing salts according to the degree of supply of oxygen. The heat source applied to the present invention is calcined in a reducing salt in a state in which the supply of oxygen is blocked inside the kiln. As temperature rises gradually, hardening and carbonization proceed by reducing salts. In this case, wood powder is decomposed without being oxidized to be aliphatic and aromatic by condensation polymerization, forming condensed benzene rings to form flat molecules to form light black carbides. do.
이후 축합분자 상태로 되어 있는 성형물은 고열에 의하여 완전히 경화 및 탄화되면서 무정형 탄소로부터 축합분자가 수소 및 탄화수소 기체를 방출하여 육각 고리의 망평면 집합체 구조를 갖는 흑연이 되어 검은 색상을 띄게 된다.After that, the molded product is in a condensed molecule state and is completely cured and carbonized by high heat, and condensation molecules release hydrogen and hydrocarbon gas from the amorphous carbon to become graphite having a hexagonal ring network planar aggregate structure.
소성로의 온도는 300 ~ 500℃ 범위로 한정하는데, 이는 소성온도를 300℃ 미만에서 소성하게 되면 목분이 탄화되지 않으며, 500℃ 이상으로 소성하게 되면 황토성분 내에서 재결정화가 일어나 압축강도는 커지게 되나, 자연상태의 광물이 갖는 고유의 기공성이 상실되므로 황토가 갖는 장점이 없어지게 될 뿐만 아니라 에너지 낭비이다.The temperature of the kiln is limited to 300 ~ 500 ℃, which means that when the firing temperature is lower than 300 ℃, the wood powder is not carbonized. If the firing temperature is higher than 500 ℃, re-crystallization occurs in the loess component, so the compressive strength is increased. As a result, the inherent porosity of natural minerals is lost, and not only the advantages of loess are lost, but also energy waste.
이하, 도 2를 참조하여 본 발명에 따른 숯보드 제조방법의 다른 실시예를 각 단계별로 살펴보면 다음과 같다.Hereinafter, referring to each embodiment of the method of manufacturing a charcoal board according to the present invention with reference to Figure 2 as follows.
1. 혼합단계1. Mixing Step
황토, 점토, 고령토 중 선택된 어느 하나의 광물질 80 ~ 98중량%에 목분 2 ~ 20중량%를 혼합하여 혼합분말을 수득한다.80 to 98% by weight of any one mineral selected from ocher, clay, and kaolin is mixed with 2 to 20% by weight of wood powder to obtain a mixed powder.
2. 반죽단계 2. Kneading step
혼합단계를 통해 얻은 혼합분말 60 ~ 90중량%에 물 10 ~ 40중량%를 투입한 후 반죽하여 반죽물을 수득한다.60 to 90% by weight of the mixed powder obtained through the mixing step 10 to 40% by weight of water and kneading to obtain a dough.
3. 보드성형단계3. Board Forming Step
반죽단계를 통해 얻은 반죽물을 성형틀에 투입하되, 상기 성형틀에 투입된 반죽물의 내부에 철망(30)이 위치하도록 삽입한 후 압착하여 보드로 성형한다.The dough obtained through the kneading step is put into a molding mold, and the wire mesh 30 is inserted into the dough to be placed in the mold, and then pressed into a mold.
4. 1차건조단계4. First drying stage
보드성형단계를 통해 얻은 보드성형물을 상온 또는 건조로에서 1차건조한다.The board molding obtained through the board forming step is first dried at room temperature or in a drying furnace.
바람직하게 상기 보드성형물은 상온의 그늘진 곳에서 48 ~ 50시간 동안 건조하거나 50 ~ 70℃의 건조로에서 8 ~ 10시간 동안 건조시킨다.Preferably the board molding is dried for 48 to 50 hours in a shade of room temperature or for 8 to 10 hours in a drying furnace of 50 to 70 ℃.
5. 소성단계5. Firing step
1차건조단계를 통해 얻은 건조된 보드성형물을 산소가 공급되지 않는 상태의 소성로에 건조된 보드성형물을 넣고 300 ~ 500℃의 온도에서 1 ~ 4시간 동안 소성시켜 숯보드(10)를 제조한다.The dried board molding obtained through the first drying step is put into the dried board molding in a firing furnace in which no oxygen is supplied, and then fired for 1 to 4 hours at a temperature of 300 to 500 ° C. to manufacture a charcoal board 10.
6. 황토코팅단계6. Ocher coating step
소성단계를 통해 얻은 숯보드(10)의 일면 또는 전면 즉 모든 면에 200 ~ 300메쉬의 황토분말 70 ~ 80중량%와 물 20 ~ 30중량%를 혼합하여 이루어진 황토물을 도포하여 황토코팅층(20)을 형성시킨다.Ocher coating layer (20) by applying the loess formed by mixing 70 to 80% by weight of the loess powder of 200 to 300 mesh and 20 to 30% by weight of water on one or all surfaces of the charcoal board 10 obtained through the firing step ).
7. 2차건조단계7. Second drying stage
황토코팅단계를 통해 얻은 숯보드(10)를 50 ~ 70℃의 건조로에서 8 ~ 10시간 동안 건조시켜 완성한다.Charcoal board (10) obtained through the ocher coating step is completed by drying in a drying furnace of 50 ~ 70 ℃ for 8 to 10 hours.
이하, 본 발명에 따른 하나의 바람직한 실시예를 상세히 설명한다.Hereinafter, one preferred embodiment according to the present invention will be described in detail.
점토 80중량%와 목분 20중량%를 혼합한 혼합분말 75중량%에 물 25중량%를 혼합하여 반죽하여 반죽물을 수득하였다.Kneading was obtained by mixing 25% by weight of water with 75% by weight of mixed powder, which was mixed with 80% by weight of clay and 20% by weight of wood powder.
상기 반죽물을 성형틀의 1/2의 높이까지 투입한 후 반죽물의 상측에 가로방향 와이어(34a)와 세로방향 와이어(34b)가 서로 교차되는 지점에 수직방향으로 와이어(34c)가 더 형성된 와이어메쉬(34)를 적층한 다음 다시 성형틀의 높이 끝까지 반죽물을 투입하고, 압착하여 보드성형물을 수득하였다.After the dough is introduced to the height of 1/2 of the mold, the wire 34c is further formed in the vertical direction at the point where the horizontal wire 34a and the vertical wire 34b cross each other. After laminating the mesh 34, the dough was put again to the end of the height of the molding die, and pressed to obtain a board molding.
상기 보드성형물의 모든 면에 300메쉬의 황토분말 75중량%와 물 25중량%를 혼합한 황토물을 도포한 후 60℃의 건조로에서 9시간 동안 건조한 다음 산소가 공급되지 않는 상태의 소성로에 건조된 보드성형물을 넣고 400℃의 온도에서 1시간 동안 소성시켜 숯보드(10)를 제조하였다.After applying the ocher mixed with 75% by weight of 300 mesh ocher powder and 25% by weight of water on all sides of the board molding, dried for 9 hours in a drying furnace at 60 ℃ and dried in a kiln without oxygen supply The board molding was put and fired at a temperature of 400 ℃ for 1 hour to prepare a charcoal board (10).
본 발명은 그 정신 또는 주요한 특징으로부터 일탈하는 일없이, 다른 여러 가지 형태로 실시할 수 있다. 그 때문에, 전술한 실시예는 모든 점에서 단순한 예시에 지나지 않으며, 한정적으로 해석해서는 안된다. 본 발명의 범위는 특허청구의 범위에 의해서 나타내는 것으로써, 명세서 본문에 의해서는 아무런 구속도 되지 않는다. 다시, 특허청구범위의 균등 범위에 속하는 변형이나 변경은, 모두 본 발명의 범위 내의 것이다.This invention can be implemented in other various forms, without deviating from the mind or main characteristic. For this reason, the above-described embodiments are merely examples in all respects and should not be interpreted limitedly. The scope of the present invention is shown by the scope of the claims, and is not limited by the specification text. Again, all variations and modifications belonging to the equivalent scope of the claims are within the scope of the present invention.
도 1은 본 발명에 따른 숯보드의 제조방법을 나타내는 공정도1 is a process chart showing a method of manufacturing a charcoal board according to the present invention
도 2는 본 발명에 따른 숯보드 제조방법의 다른 실시예를 나타내는 공정도Figure 2 is a process chart showing another embodiment of the method of manufacturing charcoal board according to the present invention
도 3은 본 발명에 따른 숯보드의 제조방법에 의해 제조된 숯보드의 부분절단된 사시도Figure 3 is a partially cut perspective view of the charcoal board manufactured by the method for producing a charcoal board according to the present invention
도 4a 및 도 4b는 본 발명에 적용된 철망의 사시도4A and 4B are perspective views of a wire mesh applied to the present invention
*도면의 주요부분에 대한 부호의 설명** Description of the symbols for the main parts of the drawings *
10 : 숯보드 20 : 황토코팅층10: charcoal board 20: ocher coating layer
30 : 철망30: wire mesh

Claims (5)

  1. 황토, 점토, 고령토 중 선택된 어느 하나의 광물질과 목분을 혼합하여 혼합분말을 수득하는 혼합단계;Mixing step of mixing the wood powder with any one selected from ocher, clay, kaolin to obtain a mixed powder;
    상기 혼합단계를 통해 얻은 혼합분말과 물을 혼합 후 반죽하여 반죽물을 수득하는 반죽단계;A kneading step of kneading the mixed powder and water obtained through the mixing step and then kneading;
    상기 반죽단계를 통해 얻은 반죽물을 성형틀에 투입하되, 상기 성형틀에 투입된 반죽물의 내부에 철망이 위치하도록 삽입한 후 압착하여 보드로 성형하는 보드성형단계;A board molding step of inserting the dough obtained through the kneading step into a molding mold, inserting the wire mesh so as to be positioned inside the dough to be put into the molding mold, and then pressing and molding the dough into a board;
    상기 보드성형단계를 통해 얻은 보드성형물의 일면 또는 전면에 황토물을 도포하는 황토코팅단계;Ocher coating step of applying ocher on one surface or the front of the board molding obtained through the board molding step;
    상기 황토코팅단계를 통해 얻은 황토가 코팅된 보드성형물을 상온 또는 건조로에서 건조시키는 건조단계;A drying step of drying the ocher coated board molding obtained through the ocher coating step at room temperature or a drying furnace;
    상기 건조단계를 통해 얻은 건조된 보드성형물을 산소를 공급하지 않는 상태에서 300 ~ 500℃의 온도에서 1 ~ 4시간 동안 소성하는 소성단계;로 이루어진 숯보드 제조방법에 있어서,In the charcoal board manufacturing method consisting of;
    상기 혼합분말은 광물질 80 ~ 98중량%와 목분 2 ~ 20중량%를 혼합하여 이루어지고, 상기 반죽물은 혼합분말 60 ~ 90중량%와 물 10 ~ 40중량%를 혼합하여 이루어지며, 상기 황토물은 200 ~ 300메쉬의 황토분말 70 ~ 80중량%와 물 20 ~ 30중량%를 혼합하여 이루어지고, 상기 철망은 와이어메쉬의 가로방향 와이어와 세로방향 와이어가 서로 교차되는 지점에 수직방향으로 와이어가 더 형성된 와이어메쉬인 것을 특징으로 하는 숯보드의 제조방법.The mixed powder is made by mixing 80 to 98% by weight of minerals and 2 to 20% by weight of wood powder, and the dough is made by mixing 60 to 90% by weight of mixed powder and 10 to 40% by weight of water. Silver is made by mixing 70 to 80% by weight of 200 to 300 mesh loess powder and 20 to 30% by weight of water, and the wire mesh is perpendicular to the point where the horizontal wire and the vertical wire cross each other. Method of producing a charcoal board, characterized in that the wire mesh further formed.
  2. 황토, 점토, 고령토 중 선택된 어느 하나의 광물질과 목분을 혼합하여 혼합분말을 수득하는 혼합단계;Mixing step of mixing the wood powder with any one selected from ocher, clay, kaolin to obtain a mixed powder;
    상기 혼합단계를 통해 얻은 혼합분말과 물을 혼합 후 반죽하여 반죽물을 수득하는 반죽단계;A kneading step of kneading the mixed powder and water obtained through the mixing step and then kneading;
    상기 반죽단계를 통해 얻은 반죽물을 성형틀에 투입하되, 상기 성형틀에 투입된 반죽물의 내부에 철망이 위치하도록 삽입한 후 압착하여 보드로 성형하는 보드성형단계;A board molding step of inserting the dough obtained through the kneading step into a molding mold, inserting the wire mesh so as to be positioned inside the dough to be put into the molding mold, and then pressing and molding the dough into a board;
    상기 보드성형단계를 통해 얻은 보드성형물을 상온 또는 건조로에서 건조시키는 1차건조단계;A first drying step of drying the board molding obtained through the board molding step at room temperature or a drying furnace;
    상기 1차건조단계를 통해 얻은 건조된 보드성형물을 산소를 공급하지 않는 상태에서 300 ~ 500℃의 온도에서 1 ~ 4시간 동안 소성하는 소성단계;A firing step of firing the dried board molding obtained through the first drying step at a temperature of 300 to 500 ° C. for 1 to 4 hours without supplying oxygen;
    상기 소성단계를 통해 얻은 보드성형물의 일면 또는 전면에 황토물을 도포하는 황토코팅단계;Ocher coating step of applying ocher on one surface or the entire surface of the board molding obtained through the firing step;
    상기 황토코팅단계를 통해 얻은 보드성형물을 상온 또는 건조로에서 건조시키는 2차건조단계;로 이루어진 숯보드 제조방법에 있어서,In the charcoal board manufacturing method consisting of; A secondary drying step of drying the board molding obtained by the ocher coating step at room temperature or drying furnace;
    상기 혼합분말은 광물질 80 ~ 98중량%와 목분 2 ~ 20중량%를 혼합하여 이루어지고, 상기 반죽물은 혼합분말 60 ~ 90중량%와 물 10 ~ 40중량%를 혼합하여 이루어지며, 상기 황토물은 200 ~ 300메쉬의 황토분말 70 ~ 80중량%와 물 20 ~ 30중량%를 혼합하여 이루어지고, 상기 철망은 와이어메쉬의 가로방향 와이어와 세로방향 와이어가 서로 교차되는 지점에 수직방향으로 와이어가 더 형성된 와이어메쉬인 것을 특징으로 하는 숯보드의 제조방법.The mixed powder is made by mixing 80 to 98% by weight of minerals and 2 to 20% by weight of wood powder, and the dough is made by mixing 60 to 90% by weight of mixed powder and 10 to 40% by weight of water. Silver is made by mixing 70 to 80% by weight of 200 to 300 mesh loess powder and 20 to 30% by weight of water, and the wire mesh is perpendicular to the point where the horizontal wire and the vertical wire cross each other. Method of producing a charcoal board, characterized in that the wire mesh further formed.
  3. 삭제delete
  4. 삭제delete
  5. 제1항 또는 제2항 중 어느 한 항의 제조방법으로 제조되는 숯보드.Charcoal board manufactured by the method of any one of claims 1 or 2.
KR1020090078974A 2009-08-25 2009-08-25 Method of manufacturing charcoal boards and charcoal boards using the same KR100937779B1 (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101266478B1 (en) 2012-09-12 2013-05-23 최영자 The charcoal board and the manufacturing method of using natural materials
KR101444200B1 (en) * 2013-04-19 2014-09-26 대한민국 Improving method for flame retardancy of carbonized board made of wood-based panels

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR19980064954A (en) * 1998-06-09 1998-10-07 전진욱 Ocher sintered material and its manufacturing method
KR20000012567A (en) * 1999-12-13 2000-03-06 이강국 Yellow soil panel and said manufacturing process
KR20030077504A (en) * 2003-09-04 2003-10-01 이정남 The bricks of yellow soil laide by water
KR100833891B1 (en) * 2007-01-12 2008-06-02 노미화 Charcoal bricks based on loess and wood flour and its manufacturing method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR19980064954A (en) * 1998-06-09 1998-10-07 전진욱 Ocher sintered material and its manufacturing method
KR20000012567A (en) * 1999-12-13 2000-03-06 이강국 Yellow soil panel and said manufacturing process
KR20030077504A (en) * 2003-09-04 2003-10-01 이정남 The bricks of yellow soil laide by water
KR100833891B1 (en) * 2007-01-12 2008-06-02 노미화 Charcoal bricks based on loess and wood flour and its manufacturing method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101266478B1 (en) 2012-09-12 2013-05-23 최영자 The charcoal board and the manufacturing method of using natural materials
KR101444200B1 (en) * 2013-04-19 2014-09-26 대한민국 Improving method for flame retardancy of carbonized board made of wood-based panels

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