KR100929366B1 - Slope construction form of construction work that use wood mode of life block and wood mode of life block - Google Patents

Slope construction form of construction work that use wood mode of life block and wood mode of life block Download PDF

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KR100929366B1
KR100929366B1 KR1020090071719A KR20090071719A KR100929366B1 KR 100929366 B1 KR100929366 B1 KR 100929366B1 KR 1020090071719 A KR1020090071719 A KR 1020090071719A KR 20090071719 A KR20090071719 A KR 20090071719A KR 100929366 B1 KR100929366 B1 KR 100929366B1
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South Korea
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horizontal
block
ecological block
wood
vertical
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KR1020090071719A
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Korean (ko)
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박태엽
서창원
정홍채
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동아에스텍 주식회사
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/02Retaining or protecting walls
    • E02D29/0216Cribbing walls
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/12Revetment of banks, dams, watercourses, or the like, e.g. the sea-floor
    • E02B3/14Preformed blocks or slabs for forming essentially continuous surfaces; Arrangements thereof
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/20Securing of slopes or inclines
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D2300/00Materials
    • E02D2300/0071Wood
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/11Hard structures, e.g. dams, dykes or breakwaters

Abstract

PURPOSE: A slope construction method using an ecological wooden block is provided to improve the environmental recovery nature of the slope by installing the ecological wooden block on the slope of a bank and a seawall. CONSTITUTION: An ecological wooden block(A) comprises a notch member(10,10'), a front horizontal member(20), a first rear horizontal member(30), a second rear horizontal member(30'), a vertical member(40,40'), a vegetation space(60), and a vertical member insertion portion(70). The notch member is arranged at the constant intervals. The front horizontal member is coupled on the front of the upper part of the notch member with a stainless steel screw nail(50). The first rear horizontal member and the second rear horizontal member are coupled on the rear of the upper part of the with a stainless screw spike. The vertical member is vertically coupled on the edge crossed to the rear side of the front horizontal member and the outside of the two notch members. The vegetation space is formed in a square shape by the two notch members, the front horizontal member and the first rear horizontal member. The vertical member insertion portion is formed in a rectangular shape by the two notch members, the first rear horizontal member and the second rear horizontal member.

Description

목재생태블록 및 목재생태블록을 이용한 법면공사 시공방법{Slope construction form of construction work that use wood mode of life block and wood mode of life block}Slope construction form of construction work that use wood mode of life block and wood mode of life block}
본 발명은 목재생태블록 및 목재생태블록을 이용한 법면공사 시공방법에 관한 것으로서, 특히 식재공간부를 갖는 방부처리된 목재로 이루어진 목재생태블록이 둑, 호안, 절토의 경사면인 법면에 횡방향 및 계단식으로 설치되어지도록 한 것이다.The present invention relates to a method for construction of forensic construction using wood ecological blocks and wood ecological blocks, in particular, a wood ecological block made of embalmed wood having a planting space part is transversely and stepwise on a slope that is a slope of banks, lakes and cuts. It is to be installed.
일반적으로 각종 도로 또는 철도, 제방, 댐 또는 호수, 저수지, 터널 입구 및 출구, 기타 도시 인근 아파트 단지 등을 시공하는 지역에는 절토사면이나 성토사면이 존재하는데, 이러한 지역의 절토 및 성토사면의 활동과 침식을 방지함과 동시에 자연경관과 조화되는 환경친화적인 사면보강공법이 요구되어 왔다.In general, there are cut slopes or fill slopes in areas where various roads or railways, embankments, dams or lakes, reservoirs, tunnel entrances and exits, and other apartment complexes near the city exist. At the same time, environmentally friendly slope reinforcement methods have been required to prevent erosion and harmonize with the natural landscape.
사면보강공법 중 하나는 사면의 전면이 숏크리트(Shotcreate)로 처리된 쏘일 네일링(Soil Nailing) 공법으로 사면보강작업은 용이하나 미관이 불량하고, 배후면 의 용수처리가 어려우며, 와이어 메시(Wire Mesh)가 부착되고 숏크리트면의 크랙 등으로 인해 매우 부실한 시공면이 형성되어 항상 안전사고의 위험이 내재되어 있었다. 또한, 시공면에서 잔듸, 화훼, 나무와 같은 식물이 식생하기 어렵기 때문에 미관상으로도 양호하지 못하고 자연생태계의 보존에도 반하는 결점을 내포하고 있었다.One of the slope reinforcement methods is the Soil Nailing method where the front of the slope is treated with shotcrete. The slope reinforcement is easy, but the aesthetics are poor, the water treatment on the back is difficult, and the wire mesh is difficult. ), And a very poor construction surface was formed due to crack of shotcrete surface, and there was always a risk of safety accident. In addition, since plants such as grass, flowers, and trees are difficult to vegetation in the construction surface, they are not aesthetically satisfactory and include defects that are contrary to the preservation of natural ecosystem.
사면보강공법 중 다른 하나는 철근콘크리트 옹벽이 많이 이용되어 왔는데, 철근콘크리트 옹벽은 옹벽의 성형 및 양생에 막대한 비용과 시간이 소모될 뿐만 아니라 굴토작업과 성토작업에 막대한 공사비가 소요되는 단점이 있어 앵커볼트가 일체로된 옹벽을 조적하면서 앵커볼트 부위에 흙을 매립하여 옹벽을 축조하는 기술이 시행되어지고 있다. The other one of the slope reinforcement methods is that the reinforced concrete retaining wall has been used a lot, and the reinforced concrete retaining wall is not only expensive and time consuming for forming and curing the retaining wall, but also a huge construction cost for the excavation and fill work. The technique of constructing the retaining wall by embedding the soil in the anchor bolt area while constructing the retaining wall in which the bolt is integrated is being implemented.
그러나 이러한 콘크리트 옹벽을 이용한 공법은 굴토 및 성토작업에 많은 비용이 소모되고, 전체적으로 옹벽이 커지는 또 다른 문제점이 있었다.However, the construction method using the concrete retaining wall is expensive to dig and fill work, there was another problem that the retaining wall as a whole.
한편, 쏘일 네일링(Soil Nailing) 공법 및 철근콘크리트 옹벽 이외에 도1 및 도2에 도시된 바와 같이, 목재블록 및 이를 이용한 계단식 법면 시공법이 제안되어지고 있다.Meanwhile, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 in addition to the Soil Nailing method and the reinforced concrete retaining wall, a wooden block and a stepped surface construction method using the same have been proposed.
이러한 목재블록(W)은 수직목재(1)의 후면에 다수의 수평목재(2)가 결합되고, 상기 수평목재(2)들의 사이에는 사면지지목재(3)가 후방으로 인출되어지게 결합되어 법면에 의하여 지지되어지게 시공되어 있다. 즉, 목재블록(W)은 목재블록(W)을 횡으로 맞대어 설치하고, 그 후방에 토사나 골재(4)를 뒷채움한 상태에서 또 다른 목재블록(W)의 수직목재(1)가 뒷채움된 곳에 매립되어짐과 동시에 사면지 지목재(3)가 매립되게 시공되어 있다.The wood block (W) is coupled to a plurality of horizontal timber (2) is coupled to the rear of the vertical timber (1), the slope support timber (3) is coupled between the horizontal timber (2) is drawn out to the rear It is constructed to be supported by. That is, the wood block (W) is installed to face the wood block (W) horizontally, and the vertical timber (1) of another wood block (W) is back-filled in the state of filling the soil or aggregate (4) in the rear The landfill timber (3) is constructed to be buried at the same time as being buried there.
그러나 목재블록(W)을 이용하여 시공된 계단식 법면은 목재블록(W)을 구성하는 수직목재(1)의 하부가 단순히 뒷채움된 곳에 매립되어져 있음으로써, 측면의 하중이나 배부름 현상이 발생할 경우, 뒤틀려지거나 밀리게됨에 따라 변형이 발생되는 문제점이 있었다.However, since the stepped surface constructed by using the wood block (W) is buried in the lower portion of the vertical wood (1) constituting the wood block (W) simply filled up, when a side load or a load phenomenon occurs, There is a problem that deformation occurs as it is twisted or pushed.
또한, 수직목재(1)의 후면 양측에 다수개의 수평목재(2)가 거의 틈이 없이 결합되어져 있음으로써, 계단식 법면의 상부만이 초목이 자랄 수 있을 뿐 전면에서자라지 못하는 또 다른 문제점이 있었다.In addition, since a plurality of horizontal woods 2 are coupled to both rear sides of the vertical wood 1 with almost no gap, only the upper part of the cascading surface can grow vegetation, but there is another problem that can not grow from the front.
본 발명은 이와 같은 문제점을 해결하기 위해 창출된 것으로서 식재공간부를 갖는 방부처리된 목재로 이루어진 목재생태블록이 둑, 호안, 절토의 경사면인 법면에 횡방향 및 계단식으로 설치되어지도록 하여 법면의 환경복원성을 높일 수 있도록 한 것이다.The present invention was created to solve such problems, so that the ecological block of wood made of embalmed wood having a planting space is installed transversely and stepwise on the slopes of banks, banks, and cuts. It is to increase the.
본 발명은 노치재와 횡부재가 결합되어 이루어지는 목재생태블록(A)에 있어서, 일정간격으로 배열된 두개의 노치재(10)(10')의 전방상부에 전면횡부재(20)가 결합되고, 상기 노치재(10)(10')의 후방 상부에 제1후면횡부재(30)와 제2후면횡부 재(30')가 일정간격으로 결합되며, 상기 두개의 노치재(10)(10')의 외측과 상기 전면횡부재(20)의 후면측으로 교차되는 모서리에 두개의 수직재(40)(40')가 수직으로 각각 결합되어지는 것을 특징으로 한다.The present invention in the wood ecological block (A) is formed by the combination of the notched material and the transverse member, the front transverse member 20 is coupled to the front upper portion of the two notched materials 10, 10 'arranged at a predetermined interval and The first rear horizontal member 30 and the second rear horizontal member 30 'are coupled to the rear upper portion of the notch member 10 and 10' at regular intervals, and the two notch members 10 and 10 Two vertical members 40 and 40 'are vertically coupled to the edges intersecting the outer side of the front side and the back side of the front side member 20, respectively.
또한, 둑, 호안, 절토의 경사면인 법면(100)에 목재생태블록(A)이 횡방향 및 계단식으로 설치되어 이루어지는 목재생태블록을 이용한 계단식 법면공사 시공방법에 있어서, 상기 법면(100)의 돌출암이나 기타 걸림돌을 제거하고 법면(100)을 다지는 법면다짐단계(S10)와; 상기 다져진 법면(100)에 목재생태블록(A)을 횡으로 맞대어 설치하되, 상기 목재생태블록(A)의 수직재(40)(40')가 상기 법면(100)에 매립되어지는 블록매립단계(S20)와; 상기 법면(100)에 매립된 목재생태블록(A)의 식재공간부(60)에 현장에서 발생되는 토사 및 골재를 채움하는 토사채움단계(S30)와; 상기 횡으로 매립되어진 목재생태블록(A)의 후방으로 위치된 수직재끼움부(70)에 또 다른 목재생태블록(A)의 수직재(40)가 끼워지면서 상기 또 다른 목재생태블록(A)의 노치재(10)(10')가 상기 하단에 매립된 목재생태블록(A)의 제1후면횡부재(30)와 제2후면횡부재(30')의 상부에 얹혀지게 결합되어지되, 상기 또 다른 목재생태블록(A)의 수직재(40)(40')가 상기 법면(100)에 매립되어지는 2단블록매립단계(S40)와; 상기 토사채움단계(S30) 및 2단블록매립단계(S40)를 반복적으로 시공함을 특징으로 한다.In addition, in the step construction method using a stepped timber ecological block (A) is formed in a transverse direction and stepwise on the law surface 100, which is a slope of the banks, lakes, cuts, protruding of the law surface (100) Removing the arm or other obstacles and the surface compaction step (S10) to chop the surface (100); Block the wood ecological block (A) is installed horizontally facing the compacted surface 100, the vertical material 40, 40 'of the wood ecological block (A) is embedded in the block 100 S20); Soil filling step (S30) for filling the soil and aggregates generated in the field in the planting space 60 of the wood ecological block (A) embedded in the law surface 100; The notch of another wood ecological block (A) is inserted into the vertical member 40 of another wood ecological block (A) to the vertical refitting portion (70) located rearward of the wood ecological block (A) buried horizontally The ash 10, 10 'is coupled to be mounted on the upper portion of the first rear surface member 30 and the second rear surface member 30' of the wood ecological block (A) embedded in the lower end, A two-stage block embedding step (S40) in which the vertical members 40 and 40 'of another wood ecological block A are embedded in the surface 100; The soil filling step (S30) and two-stage block filling step (S40) is characterized in that it is repeatedly constructed.
본 발명에 따른 목재생태블록을 이용한 법면은 사면의 지형에 대한 적응성이 콘크리트 옹벽, 보강토 옹벽 등에 비해 유연성이 높고, 식물이나 동물의 통로 및 서식이 가능하여 환경 친화적이며, 조경성이 뛰어나며, 폐목이나 고사목의 재활용이 가능하며, 필요에 따라 블록을 제거할 수 있어 사면의 환경복원성이 뛰어난 이점이 있다.The method using the wooden ecological block according to the present invention is more flexible to the terrain of the slope than the concrete retaining wall, reinforcement soil retaining wall, etc., it is possible to the passage and habitat of plants or animals, environmentally friendly, excellent landscaping, waste wood or Recycling of dead wood is possible, and the block can be removed as needed, so there is an advantage of excellent environmental resilience of the slope.
또한, 경제적이고 공사기간이 단축되고, 자중이 비교적 가볍기 때문에 인력운반이 가능하고, 별도의 중장비 사용이 필요치 않으며, 옹벽에 별도의 투수를 위한 특수기능공이 필요치 않으며, 고랭지나 동절기 등에 관계없이 시공이 가능하며, 법면 공극이 많기 때문에 배수처리가 용이한 이점이 있다.In addition, it is economical, the construction period is shortened, and the light weight is relatively light, so it is possible to transport manpower, no need for the use of extra heavy equipment, no special function for the permeation of the retaining wall, and construction is required regardless of the high cold season or winter season. It is possible, and the drainage treatment is easy because of the large number of the surface voids.
그리고 연성구조이므로 부등침하 및 지진에 의한 변형 및 손상 등이 없으며, 옹벽의 법면 공극에는 초지 녹화가 가능하므로 자연환경과 조화를 이루며, 옹벽을 구성하는 목재가 별도의 방부처리됨으로 20~50년 정도의 내구성을 가지며, 저독성의 목재를 사용하므로 수질오염방지에 일조하며, 폐목이나 고사목, 기타 벌목재를 유용하게 이용함으로 환경친화적이고, 재활용이 가능한 이점이 있다.And since it is a flexible structure, there is no deformation and damage caused by uneven settlement and earthquake. It is possible to make grass greening in the surface voids of the retaining wall, so it is in harmony with the natural environment, and the timber constituting the retaining wall is treated separately for about 20-50 years. It has the durability of, and uses low-toxic wood, which helps to prevent water pollution, and has the advantage of being environmentally friendly and recyclable by using waste wood, dead wood, and other logging materials usefully.
본 발명에 실시예를 첨부도면을 참조하여 설명하면 다음과 같다.An embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
도3은 본 발명에 따른 목재생태블록의 사시도이고, 도4a 및 4b는 본 발명에 따른 목재생태블록에 다른 목재생태블록이 결합되어지는 상태를 도시한 분해 사시도와 결합된 상태를 도시한 사시도이고, 도5는 본 발명에 따른 목재생태블록에 다른 목재생태블록이 법면에 시공된 상태를 도시한 사시도이고, 도6은 본 발명에 따 른 목재생태블록이 법면에 시공된 상태를 도시한 측단면도이고, 도7은 본 발명에 따른 목재생태블록을 이용하여 법면이 시공되어지는 과정을 도시한 순서도이다.Figure 3 is a perspective view of a wood ecological block according to the present invention, Figures 4a and 4b is a perspective view showing a state combined with an exploded perspective view showing a state in which other wood ecological blocks are coupled to the wood ecological block according to the present invention. 5 is a perspective view showing a state in which the wood ecological block is constructed on the surface of the wood ecological block according to the present invention, Figure 6 is a side cross-sectional view showing a state in which the wood ecological block according to the present invention is constructed on the surface 7 is a flowchart illustrating a process in which a legal surface is constructed using a wood ecological block according to the present invention.
본 발명에 따른 목재생태블록(A)은 도3 내지 도6에 도시된 바와 같이, 상기 노치재(10)(10'), 전면횡부재(20), 제1후면횡부재(30), 제2후면횡부재(30') 및 수직재(40)(40')는 방부처리된 원주목으로 사용되어지는 것이 일반적이다. 따라서 상기 목재생태블록(A)은 목재원주목으로 이루어진 것으로 노치재(10)(10'), 전면횡부재(20), 제1후면횡부재(30), 제2후면횡부재(30'), 수직재(40)(40'), 스테인레스 나사못(50) 및 이들의 결합에 의하여 제공되어지는 식재공간부(60)와 수직재끼움부(70)로 구성되어 있다.Wood ecological block (A) according to the present invention, as shown in Figures 3 to 6, the notched material 10, 10 ', the front horizontal member 20, the first rear horizontal member 30, 2, the rear horizontal member 30 'and the vertical members 40 and 40' are generally used as preservative treated column wood. Therefore, the wood ecological block (A) is made of wood main wood notch (10) (10 '), the front horizontal member 20, the first rear horizontal member 30, the second rear horizontal member (30'). The vertical members 40, 40 ', stainless screws 50 and the planting space portion 60 and the vertical fitting portion 70 is provided by a combination thereof.
여기에서, 상기 노치재(10)(10')는 법면(100)의 전면에서 법면(100)의 후면을 향하여 지면에 대해 수평되게 매립되어짐으로써, 그 상부로 초목이 원활하게 자랄 수 있도록 함과 동시에 전면횡부재(20), 제1후면횡부재(30) 및 제2후면횡부재(30')가 견고하게 지지될 수 있게 구성되어 있다. 이러한 기능을 갖는 노치재(10)(10')는 방부처리되어 법면(100)에 매립된 상태에서도 장기간 부식되지 않은 상태가 유지되어질 수 있게 된다.Here, the notched material (10, 10 ') is buried horizontally with respect to the ground from the front of the surface 100 toward the rear of the surface 100, so that the vegetation can grow smoothly thereon At the same time, the front transverse member 20, the first rear transverse member 30 and the second rear transverse member 30 'are configured to be firmly supported. Notched material (10, 10 ') having such a function is to be preservatively treated can be maintained in a state that is not corroded for a long time even in the state buried in the surface (100).
또한, 상기 두개의 노치재(10)(10')는 상기 전면횡부재(20)의 전방으로 내밀어지게 결합되어 전면횡부재(20)가 충분히 지지되어질 수 있게 구성되어 있다.In addition, the two notches 10 and 10 'are coupled to extend outwardly of the front transverse member 20 so that the front transverse member 20 can be sufficiently supported.
상기 전면횡부재(20)는 노치재(10)(10')가 일정한 간격이 유지되어지게 배열됨과 동시에 후술하는 식재공간부(60)에 채워진 토사와 골재가 법면(100)의 전방으로 밀리는 것을 방지하는 기능을 갖는 것으로 노치재(10)의 전방 상부로 다수개의 스테인레스 나사못(50)에 의하여 결합되어지게 구성되어 있다. 상기 전면횡부재(20)는 노치재(10)(10')와 동일한 형태를 갖는 방부처리되어진 것을 사용한다.The front transverse member 20 is that the notched material (10, 10 ') is arranged to maintain a constant interval and at the same time the soil and aggregate filled in the planting space 60 to be described later is pushed forward of the surface (100) It has a function to prevent it is configured to be coupled by a plurality of stainless screws 50 to the front upper portion of the notch (10). The front transverse member 20 uses a preservative having the same shape as the notched material 10, 10 '.
상기 제1후면횡부재(30)는 노치재(10)(10')의 후방 상부에 스테인레스 나사못(50)으로 결합되어지며, 상기 스테인레스 나사못(50)으로 결합된 제1후면횡부재(30)의 후방에 일정간격이 유지되어지게 제2후면횡부재(30')가 스테인레스 나사못(50)에 의하여 결합되어지도록 구성되어 있다. 또한, 상기 제1후면횡부재(30)는 방부처리되어 법면(100)에 매립된 상태에서도 장기간 부식되지 않은 상태로 유지되어질 수 있게 된다.The first rear horizontal member 30 is coupled to the rear upper portion of the notched material 10, 10 ′ with a stainless screw 50, and the first rear horizontal member 30 coupled with the stainless screw 50. The second rear horizontal member 30 'is configured to be coupled by a stainless screw 50 so that a predetermined interval is maintained at the rear of the stainless steel screw 50. In addition, the first rear surface member 30 is antiseptic, so that it can be maintained in a state where it is not corroded for a long time even when it is embedded in the law surface 100.
상기 전면횡부재(20), 제1후면횡부재(30) 및 제2후면횡부재(30')는 상기 두개의 노치재(10)(10')의 외측으로 내밀어지게 스테인레스 나사못(50)으로 결합되어짐으로써, 보다 넓은 식재공간부(60)가 제공되어 토사 및 골재가 안정되게 채워질 수 있도록 구성되어 있다.The front transverse member 20, the first rear transverse member 30 and the second rear transverse member 30 ′ are pushed out of the two notches 10 and 10 ′ with the stainless screw 50. By being combined, a wider planting space 60 is provided so that the soil and aggregates can be stably filled.
상기 수직재(40)(40')는 두개의 노치재(10)(10')의 외측과 상기 전면횡부재(20)의 후면측으로 교차되는 모서리에 수직으로 각각 스테인레스 나사못(50)에 의하여 전면횡부재(20)의 상부로 내밀어지게 결합되어 노치재(10)(10')가 하부로 처지는 것을 방지하며 지면에 대해 노치재(10)(10')가 항상 수평상태를 유지함과 동시에 상기 수직재(40)(40')의 하부가 후술하는 수직재끼움부(70)에 끼워지도록 하여 안정된 상태가 유지되어질 수 있게 구성되어 있다.The vertical members 40 and 40 'are transversely fronted by stainless screws 50 perpendicular to the edges intersecting the outer sides of the two notched members 10 and 10' and the rear side of the front transverse member 20, respectively. It is coupled to the top of the member 20 to prevent the notched material 10, 10 'sagging downward and the notched material 10, 10' is always horizontal to the ground and at the same time the vertical material ( The lower portion of the 40) 40 'is fitted to the vertical fitting portion 70 to be described later so that the stable state can be maintained.
상기 수직재(40)(40')는 방부처리되어 법면(100)에 매립된 상태에서도 장기간 부식되지 않은 상태로 유지되어질 수 있게 된다.The vertical members 40 and 40 'are antiseptic, so that they can be kept in a state where they are not corroded for a long time even when they are buried in the surface 100.
상기 식재공간부(60)는 두개의 노치재(10)(10')와 상기 전면횡부재(20) 및 제1후면횡부재(30)에 의하여 사각형태를 갖도록 형성되어 초목이나 풀이 용이하게 식재되어질 수 있게 구성되어 있다.The planting space part 60 is formed to have a rectangular shape by the two notched material 10, 10 'and the front horizontal member 20 and the first rear horizontal member 30, so that vegetation or grass is easily planted. It is configured to be.
상기 수직재끼움부(70)는 미리 설치된 목재생태블록(A)에 다른 목재생태블록(A)이 결합되어지는 과정에서 다른 목재생태블록(A)을 구성하는 수직재(40)(40')중 어느 하나의 수직재(40)(40') 만이 끼워지도록 함으로써, 목재생태블록(A)이 법면(100)에서 지그재그 형태를 갖도록 설치되어 있다.The vertical fitting portion 70 is any of the vertical members 40, 40 'constituting the other wood ecological block (A) in the process of combining the other wood ecological block (A) to the wood ecological block (A) is installed in advance. By allowing only one vertical member 40, 40 'to be fitted, the wood ecological block A is provided to have a zigzag shape on the surface 100.
또한, 수직재(40)(40') 중 어느 하나의 수직재(40)(40')가 수직재끼움부(70)에 끼워지는 과정에서 수직재(40)(40')에 결합된 노치재(10)(10')가 그 상부에 얹혀진 상태가 유지되어질 수 있게 된다.In addition, the notch member 10 coupled to the vertical members 40 and 40 'in the process of fitting one of the vertical members 40 and 40' of the vertical members 40 and 40 'to the vertical fitting portion 70. 10 'can be maintained on its top.
또한 상기 목재생태블록(A)을 구성하는 노치재(10)(10'), 전면횡부재(20), 제1후면횡부재(30), 제2후면횡부재(30') 및 수직재(40)(40')는 반드시 원주목으로 한정하지 아니하고 각목, 반원주목 등으로도 사용되어질 수 있다In addition, notch material 10, 10 ', the front horizontal member 20, the first rear horizontal member 30, the second rear horizontal member 30' and the vertical member 40 constituting the wood ecological block (A) (40 ') is not necessarily limited to the main column, but may also be used as a box, semi-circle, etc.
이러한 구성을 갖는 목재생태블록(A)을 이용하여 목재생태블록(A)이 법면(100)에 계단식으로 시공되어지는 과정은 다음과 같다.Using the wood ecological block (A) having such a configuration is a process in which the wood ecological block (A) is stepped on the surface 100 is as follows.
먼저, 법면다짐단계(S10)로 목재생태블록(A)이 시공되어질 둑, 호안, 절토의 경사면인 법면(100)에 돌출된 돌출암이나 기타 걸림돌을 제거하여 법면(100)을 다짐질한 후 다져진 법면(100)에 목재생태블록(A)을 횡으로 맞대어 설치한다(블록매립단계(S20)). 이때, 상기 목재생태블록(A)의 수직재(40)가 상기 법면(100)에 매립되어지도록 한다.First, after the compaction step (S10) to remove the protruding arms or other obstacles protruding from the slope (100) that is the slope of the banks, lakes, cuts to be constructed by the wood ecological block (A) to compact the surface (100) Wood ecological block (A) is installed on the chopped law surface 100 laterally (block buried step (S20)). At this time, the vertical member 40 of the wood ecological block (A) is embedded in the law surface (100).
다음, 토사 및 골재를 채움하는 토사채움단계(S30)로 현장에서 발생되는 토사와 골재를 법면(100)에 매립된 목재생태블록(A)의 식재공간부(60)에 채워지도록 한 후 횡으로 매립되어진 목재생태블록(A)의 후방으로 위치된 수직재끼움부(70)에 또 다른 목재생태블록(A)의 수직재(40)가 끼워지도록 한다. 이때 또 다른 목재생태블록(A)의 노치재(10)(10')가 하단에 매립된 목재생태블록(A)의 제1후면횡부재(30)와 제2후면횡부재(30')의 상부에 얹혀지게 결합되어지도록 한다(2단블록매립단계(S40)).Next, the earth and soil filling step (S30) to fill the soil and aggregate filled in the planting space portion 60 of the wood ecological block (A) buried in the soil surface (A) buried on the surface 100 and laterally The vertical member 40 of another wood ecological block (A) is fitted to the vertical fitting portion 70 located rearward of the embedded wood ecological block (A). At this time, the notch material 10, 10 'of another wood ecological block A is embedded in the bottom of the first rear horizontal member 30 and the second rear horizontal member 30' of the ecological block A To be coupled to be mounted on the upper (two-stage block buried step (S40)).
다음, 토사채움단계(S30)와 2단블록매립단계(S40)를 반복적으로 시공함으로써, 법면(100)에 목재생태블록(A)이 시공되어지게 된다.Next, by repeatedly constructing the soil filling step (S30) and the two-stage block filling step (S40), the wooden ecological block (A) is constructed on the surface (100).
다음, 법면(100)의 전면으로 시공된 목재생태블록(A)의 식재공간부(60)에 생분해성 식생매트를 포설하는 식생매트 포설단계(S50)가 추가되어지도록 할 경우, 씨앗이 발아하는데 필요한 양분과 물이 충분하게 공급되어 발아가 촉진될 수 있게 된다.Next, when the vegetation mat laying step (S50) to install the biodegradable vegetation mat in the planting space 60 of the wood ecological block (A) constructed in front of the surface 100, the seeds germinate A sufficient supply of necessary nutrients and water will facilitate germination.
또한, 법면(100)의 전면으로 시공된 목재생태블록(A)의 식재공간부(60)에 씨드스프레이를 하는 씨드스프레이단계(S60)를 추가적으로 할 경우, 분사액속에 포함된 씨앗, 피복양생제, 토양응고제, 비료 및 물에 의하여 수분의 증발과 온도의 손실을 막을 수 있도록 함으로써, 씨앗의 발아를 촉진시켜 신속한 녹화가 진행 될 수 있게 된다.In addition, when the seed spray step (S60) for the seed spray to the planting space 60 of the wood ecological block (A) constructed in front of the surface 100, the seed, coating curing agent contained in the spray liquid By preventing the evaporation of water and the loss of temperature by soil coagulants, fertilizers and water, the seed germination can be promoted and rapid greening can proceed.
도1은 종래 기술에 따른 목재블록을 도시한 사시도.1 is a perspective view of a wooden block according to the prior art;
도2는 종래 기술에 따른 목재블록이 시공된 상태를 도시한 종단면도.Figure 2 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a state in which the wooden block construction according to the prior art.
도3은 본 발명에 따른 목재생태블록의 사시도.Figure 3 is a perspective view of the wood ecological block according to the present invention.
도4a 및 4b는 본 발명에 따른 목재생태블록에 다른 목재생태블록이 결합되어지는 상태를 도시한 분해 사시도와 결합된 상태를 도시한 사시도.Figure 4a and 4b is a perspective view showing a state combined with an exploded perspective view showing a state in which the other wood ecological blocks are coupled to the wood ecological block according to the present invention.
도5는 본 발명에 따른 목재생태블록에 다른 목재생태블록이 법면에 시공된 상태를 도시한 사시도.Figure 5 is a perspective view showing a state in which the wood ecological block is constructed on the surface of the wood ecological block according to the present invention.
도6은 본 발명에 따른 목재생태블록이 법면에 시공된 상태를 도시한 측단면도.Figure 6 is a side cross-sectional view showing a state in which the wooden ecological block is constructed on the surface of the present invention.
도7은 본 발명에 따른 목재생태블록을 이용하여 법면이 시공되어지는 과정을 도시한 순서도.Figure 7 is a flow chart illustrating a process in which the surface is constructed using a wooden ecological block in accordance with the present invention.
<도면의 주요 부분에 대한 부호의 간단한 설명><Brief description of symbols for the main parts of the drawings>
A:목재생태블록 10,10':노치재A: Thurs regeneration block 10,10 ': Notch ash
20:전면횡부재 30:제1후면횡부재20: front horizontal member 30: first rear horizontal member
30':제2후면횡부재 40,40':수직재30 ': 2nd rear transverse member 40, 40': Vertical material

Claims (6)

  1. 노치재와 횡부재가 결합되어 이루어지는 목재생태블록(A)에 있어서,In the wood ecological block (A) is made of a combination of the notched material and the cross member,
    일정간격으로 배열된 두개의 노치재(10)(10')의 전방상부에 전면횡부재(20)가 결합되고, 상기 노치재(10)(10')의 후방 상부에 제1후면횡부재(30)와 제2후면횡부재(30')가 일정간격으로 결합되며, 상기 두개의 노치재(10)(10')의 외측과 상기 전면횡부재(20)의 후면측으로 교차되는 모서리에 두개의 수직재(40)(40')가 수직으로 각각 결합되어지는 것을 특징으로 하는 목재생태블록.The front transverse member 20 is coupled to the front upper portion of the two notched materials 10 and 10 'arranged at a predetermined interval, and the first rear transverse member is disposed on the rear upper portion of the notched material 10 and 10'. 30) and the second rear horizontal member 30 'are coupled at regular intervals, and two at the edges intersecting the outside of the two notches 10 and 10' and the rear side of the front horizontal member 20. Wood ecological block, characterized in that the vertical material 40, 40 'are coupled to each other vertically.
  2. 제1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 노치재(10)(10'), 전면횡부재(20), 제1후면횡부재(30), 제2후면횡부재(30') 및 수직재(40)(40')는 방부처리된 원주목으로 사용되어지되, 상기 두개의 노치재(10)(10')는 상기 전면횡부재(20)의 전방으로 내밀어지게 결합되고, 상기 전면횡부재(20), 제1후면횡부재(30) 및 제2후면횡부재(30')도 상기 두개의 노치재(10)(10')의 외측으로 내밀어지게 결합되며, 상기 수직재(40)(40')는 상기 전면횡부재(20)의 상부로 내밀어지게 결합되어지는 것을 특징으로 하는 목재생태블록.The notched material 10, 10 ', the front horizontal member 20, the first rear horizontal member 30, the second rear horizontal member 30' and the vertical member 40, 40 'are embossed circles The two notches 10, 10 ′ may be used to draw attention, and the two notches 10, 10 ′ may be coupled to extend forward of the front horizontal member 20, and the front horizontal member 20 and the first rear horizontal member 30. And a second rear side transverse member 30 'are also coupled outwardly to the outside of the two notches 10 and 10', and the vertical members 40 and 40 'are upper portions of the front transverse member 20. Wood ecological block, characterized in that coupled to be pushed out.
  3. 제1항 또는 제2항에 있어서,The method according to claim 1 or 2,
    상기 두개의 노치재(10)(10')와 상기 전면횡부재(20) 및 제1후면횡부재(30)에 의하여 사각형의 식재공간부(60)가 형성되고, 상기 두개의 노치재(10)(10')와 상기 제1후면횡부재(30) 및 제2후면횡부재(30')에 의하여 직사각형의 수직재끼움부(70)가 형성되어짐을 특징으로 하는 목재생태블록.A rectangular planting space 60 is formed by the two notches 10, 10 ′, the front transverse member 20 and the first rear transverse member 30, and the two notched materials 10. 10) and the first vertical rear member (30) and the second vertical rear member (30 ') rectangular vertical fitting portion 70 is characterized in that the wood ecological block.
  4. 둑, 호안, 절토의 경사면인 법면(100)에 목재생태블록(A)이 횡방향 및 계단식으로 설치되어 이루어지는 목재생태블록을 이용한 계단식 법면공사 시공방법에 있어서,In the construction method of the stepped surface construction method using the wood ecological block (A) is installed in the transverse direction and stepwise on the legal surface (100) that is the slope of the banks, banks, cuts,
    상기 법면(100)의 돌출암이나 기타 걸림돌을 제거하고 법면(100)을 다지는 법면다짐단계(S10)와;A step compacting step (S10) of removing the protruding arms or other obstacles of the surface 100 and compacting the surface 100;
    상기 다져진 법면(100)에 목재생태블록(A)을 횡으로 맞대어 설치하되, 상기 목재생태블록(A)의 수직재(40)(40')가 상기 법면(100)에 매립되어지는 블록매립단계(S20)와;Block the wood ecological block (A) is installed horizontally facing the compacted surface 100, the vertical material 40, 40 'of the wood ecological block (A) is embedded in the block 100 S20);
    상기 법면(100)에 매립된 목재생태블록(A)의 식재공간부(60)에 현장에서 발생되는 토사 및 골재를 채움하는 토사채움단계(S30)와;Soil filling step (S30) for filling the soil and aggregates generated in the field in the planting space 60 of the wood ecological block (A) embedded in the law surface 100;
    상기 횡으로 매립되어진 목재생태블록(A)의 후방으로 위치된 수직재끼움부(70)에 또 다른 목재생태블록(A)의 수직재(40)가 끼워지면서 상기 또 다른 목재생태블록(A)의 노치재(10)(10')가 상기 하단에 매립된 목재생태블록(A)의 제1후면횡부재(30)와 제2후면횡부재(30')의 상부에 얹혀지게 결합되어지되, 상기 또 다른 목재생태블록(A)의 수직재(40)(40')가 상기 법면(100)에 매립되어지는 2단블록매립단계(S40)와;The notch of another wood ecological block (A) is inserted into the vertical member 40 of another wood ecological block (A) to the vertical refitting portion (70) located rearward of the wood ecological block (A) buried horizontally The ash 10, 10 'is coupled to be mounted on the upper portion of the first rear surface member 30 and the second rear surface member 30' of the wood ecological block (A) embedded in the lower end, A two-stage block embedding step (S40) in which the vertical members 40 and 40 'of another wood ecological block A are embedded in the surface 100;
    상기 토사채움단계(S30) 및 2단블록매립단계(S40)를 반복적으로 시공함을 특 징으로 하는 목재생태블록을 이용한 법면공사 시공방법.Method for construction of the surface construction using a wooden ecological block characterized in that the repetitive construction of the soil filling step (S30) and two-stage block filling step (S40).
  5. 제4항에 있어서,The method of claim 4, wherein
    상기 식재공간부(60)에 생분해성 식생매트를 포설하는 식생매트 포설단계(S50)가 추가되어짐을 특징으로 하는 목재생태블록을 이용한 법면공사 시공방법.Method for constructing the construction method using a wooden ecological block, characterized in that the vegetation mat laying step (S50) for installing a biodegradable vegetation mat in the planting space part 60 is added.
  6. 제4항 또는 제5항에 있어서,The method according to claim 4 or 5,
    상기 식재공간부(60)에 씨드스프레이를 하는 씨드스프레이단계(S60)가 추가되어짐을 특징으로 하는 목재생태블록을 이용한 법면공사 시공방법.Seed spraying step (S60) for the seed spray to the planting space 60, the construction method for the construction method using the wooden ecological block.
KR1020090071719A 2009-08-04 2009-08-04 Slope construction form of construction work that use wood mode of life block and wood mode of life block KR100929366B1 (en)

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JP2001271360A (en) * 2000-03-27 2001-10-05 Yame Shinrin Kumiai Earth retaining fence
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2001271360A (en) * 2000-03-27 2001-10-05 Yame Shinrin Kumiai Earth retaining fence
JP2005113533A (en) * 2003-10-08 2005-04-28 Kawamotogumi:Kk Wall surface block module for constructing retaining wall, and retaining wall structure
JP2009127209A (en) * 2007-11-20 2009-06-11 Hokutan Seibu Shinrin Kumiai Support block for earth retaining fence, earth retaining fence, and method for constructing earth retaining fence

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2017037588A1 (en) * 2015-08-28 2017-03-09 Fellrock Developments Limited Timber pole foundation structure
CN108368687A (en) * 2015-08-28 2018-08-03 费尔洛克发展有限公司 Rod foundation structure
US10385532B2 (en) 2015-08-28 2019-08-20 Fellrock Developments Limited Timber pole foundation structure
CN108368687B (en) * 2015-08-28 2021-05-11 费尔洛克发展有限公司 Wood pole foundation structure

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