KR100899840B1 - An ornament plate for the interiorofa room, using yellow soil composition - Google Patents

An ornament plate for the interiorofa room, using yellow soil composition Download PDF

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KR100899840B1
KR100899840B1 KR1020070083512A KR20070083512A KR100899840B1 KR 100899840 B1 KR100899840 B1 KR 100899840B1 KR 1020070083512 A KR1020070083512 A KR 1020070083512A KR 20070083512 A KR20070083512 A KR 20070083512A KR 100899840 B1 KR100899840 B1 KR 100899840B1
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Prior art keywords
ocher
layer
plate
surface layer
composition
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KR1020070083512A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20090019236A (en
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김인철
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김인철
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B14/00Use of inorganic materials as fillers, e.g. pigments, for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of inorganic materials specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B14/02Granular materials, e.g. microballoons
    • C04B14/04Silica-rich materials; Silicates
    • C04B14/10Clay
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/10Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products
    • E04C2/24Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products laminated and composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/12, E04C2/16, E04C2/20
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/44Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose
    • E04C2/52Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose with special adaptations for auxiliary purposes, e.g. serving for locating conduits
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00474Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00482Coating or impregnation materials

Abstract

본 발명은 황토를 주재로한 내장판재에 관한것으로 콜루게이시트, 칩보드, 베니다판, 바인더함침부직포시트 중에서 선택되는 하나의 지지판산에 천연접착제로서 접착층을 형성하고 접착층상에 판지로서 무늬층을 형성하고 무늬층상에 황토를 주재로하여 폐펄프, 실리카, 고화제, 아크릴모노머, 모나즈석분말로 조성되는 조성물로 표면층을 형성하므로서 원적외선방사, 악취제거, 단열, 방음, 방진, 음이온발생효과가 부여됨과 동시에 황토에 의한 천연적인 질감을 현출케되므로서 항상 쾌적한 실내생활공간을 확보할 수 있는 황토를 주재로한 내장판재에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to an interior plate material mainly based on loess, which forms an adhesive layer as a natural adhesive on a support plate selected from a colloidal sheet, a chipboard, a venida plate, and a binder impregnated nonwoven fabric sheet, and a patterned layer as a cardboard on the adhesive layer. Forming the surface layer with the composition composed of waste pulp, silica, solidifying agent, acrylic monomer, and Monazite powder mainly based on ocher on the pattern layer, it gives the effect of far-infrared radiation, odor removal, heat insulation, soundproof, dustproof, and anion At the same time, the natural texture caused by loess will be revealed, and the interior plate will be based on loess, which can ensure a comfortable indoor living space at all times.

Description

황토를 주재로한 내장판재{AN ORNAMENT PLATE FOR THE INTERIOROFA ROOM, USING YELLOW SOIL COMPOSITION}Interior plate based on ocher {AN ORNAMENT PLATE FOR THE INTERIOROFA ROOM, USING YELLOW SOIL COMPOSITION}

본 발명은 인체에 해가 없는 물질로 구성되는 친환경적인 황토를 주재로한 내장판재에 관한 것으로 구체적으로는 콜루게이트시트, 칩보드, 베니다판, 천연바인더 함침부직포시트 중에서 선택한 하나의 지지판 위에 접착층을 형성시키고 접착층위에 엠보싱된 백상지를 접착하거나 재단된 무늬를 접착하여 무늬층을 형성하고 그 위에 황토, 펄프, 실리카, 산화마그네슘, 물유리, 아크릴모노머 및 모나즈석분말로 구성되는 황토조성물로 표면층을 형성하므로서 천연적인 질감과 다양한 기능을 갖게되는 황토를 주재로한 내장판재에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to an interior plate material based on environmentally friendly ocher made of a material harmless to the human body. Specifically, an adhesive layer is formed on one support plate selected from a glugate sheet, a chip board, a venida plate, and a natural binder impregnated nonwoven fabric sheet. By forming embossed white paper on the adhesive layer or by adhering the cut pattern to form a patterned layer, and by forming the surface layer on the ocher composition composed of ocher, pulp, silica, magnesium oxide, water glass, acrylic monomer and monazite powder. The present invention relates to an interior plate based on ocher that has a natural texture and various functions.

최근에는 건축기술의 급속한 발달과 더불어 건축자재 또한 고급화 되어가고 있는 추세라 할 수 있고 특히 건축자재로서 합성수지재의 건축자재가 차지하는 부분이 크다 할 수 있으며 그 예로서는 내장벽재, 천장재, 합성수지벽지 또는 합성수지발포벽지, 접착제, 도료 등이 있다 그러나 합성수지는 대부분이 가소제, 안정제, 용제, 각종첨가제가 첨가되므로서 발암물질, 중금속, VOC, 기타 유해물에 노출되고 있는 실전이다. In recent years, with the rapid development of building technology, building materials are also becoming more advanced. In particular, building materials of synthetic resin materials can be a large part of building materials. For example, interior wall materials, ceiling materials, synthetic resin wallpaper or synthetic resin foam wallpaper. However, most synthetic resins are exposed to carcinogens, heavy metals, VOCs, and other harmful substances due to the addition of plasticizers, stabilizers, solvents, and various additives.

이와 같은 문제점의 대책으로는 이미 선진국에서는 인체에 유해한 합성수지나 여기에 첨가되는 각종배합제를 규제하고 있고 우리나라에서도 식품용기를 비롯 소아용 장난감등에는 규제법규가 시행되고 있고 그 밖에 유해물질에 대한 규제법규도 속속 마련중에 있는 것으로 알고 있으며 한편으로는 인체에 무해한 소재개발을 유도 장려하고 있으나 합성수지재의 우수한 가공성 및 미려함과 염가인 잇점으로 현재에도 유해한 합성수지재를 사용하는 건축자재들이 허다하게 출시되고 있다.As a countermeasure against such problems, advanced countries already regulate synthetic resins and various compounding agents added to them.In Korea, regulatory laws are being implemented on food containers and children's toys, and other regulations on harmful substances. It is also known that it is being prepared one after another, and on the other hand, it encourages the development of materials that are harmless to the human body, but due to its excellent processability, beauty, and inexpensive advantages, construction materials using harmful synthetic resin materials are still being released.

종래기술의 구체적인 실시예로 국내실용신안공보(등록번호:20-0413610호)에 "조립식 바닥시트"의 구성이 소개되고 있는바 기술의 내용인즉 합성수지재로 제작되고 시트본체는 하부시트와 상부시트 사이의 구획부내에 맥반석, 숫, 옥, 천일염, 토르마린, 황토등 기능성 분말을 충진시킨 조립식의 쿠션성을 갖는 조립식 바닥시트로서 이와 같은 바닥시트가 부드럽고 쿠션성을 갖는 바닥시트라면 상하부시트가 연질합성수지시트로 구성됨은 필연적이라 할 수 있다.As a specific example of the prior art, the Korean Utility Model Publication (Registration No .: 20-0413610) introduces the configuration of the "assembled floor sheet", that is, the contents of the technology, that is, made of synthetic resin material and the seat body is the lower sheet and the upper sheet. It is a prefabricated cushioned floor sheet filled with functional powders such as elvan, male, jade, sun salt, tourmaline and loess in the partition between them.If such a floor sheet is a soft cushioned floor sheet, the upper and lower sheets are a soft synthetic resin sheet. Constructed is inevitable.

연질합성수지시트로서는 PVC연질시트, 폴리우레탄 연질시트, EVA시트가 있으나 EVA시트는 인장강도, 파열강도등의 물성이 약하여 바닥시트로서는 부적합하고 PVC 또는 폴리우레탄시트를 사용하게 된다. PVC연질시트의 경우는 가소재, 안정제, 충진제등의 배합물이 첨가되고 폴리우레탄연질시트의 경우 원료자체가 시안계로부터 합성되는 각종 이소시아네이트를 사용하게되고 용제등을 사용하게 된다.Soft synthetic resin sheets include PVC soft sheets, polyurethane soft sheets, and EVA sheets, but EVA sheets are not suitable as floor sheets due to weak physical properties such as tensile strength and bursting strength, and PVC or polyurethane sheets are used. In the case of the PVC soft sheet, a compound such as a plastic material, a stabilizer, and a filler is added. In the case of a polyurethane soft sheet, various isocyanates obtained by synthesizing the raw material itself from cyan-based materials are used.

그러므로 가소제등은 발암물질로 추정되고 있으며 안정제등은 중금속물질이 고 시안계로부터 합성되는 이소시아네이트는 독성을 가지고 있으며 용제는 증발성유기화합물(VOC)로서 아토피성 피부질환을 일으키는 물질로 알려져 있다.Therefore, plasticizers are considered to be carcinogens. Stabilizers are heavy metals, and isocyanates synthesized from cyanide are toxic. Solvents are evaporative organic compounds (VOCs) and are known to cause atopic skin diseases.

다른 종래기술로서 국내등록특허공보(등록번호:10-0452583호)에는 "천연황토질감이 부여된 바닥재"가 게재되어 있으며 기술내용은 아래로부터 기재층(1), 인쇄층(2), 투명 또는 반투명 접착층(5), 충진층(6), 투명층(7), 표면처리층(8), 또는 기재층(1), 황토 및 PVC 파우더 혼합접착층(3), 충진층(6), 투명층(7), 표면처리층(8), 또는 기재층(1), 불투명 유색접착층(4), 충진층(6), 투명층(7), 표면처리층(8)으로 적층된 바닥재에 관한것으로 충진층(6)의 PVC 파우더는 PVC, 가소제, 안정제, 기타첨가제, 충진제의 조성물로 펠레트화한 PVC 파우더이고 또한 투명층(7)으로 사용되는 투명층 엮시 PVC 수지에 가소제, 충진제, 안료등을 첨가하고 있어 전술한 종래기술과 마찬가지로 인체에 유해한 가소제, 안정제등이 첨가되고 있다.As another conventional technology, the domestic registered patent publication (Registration No.:10-0452583) discloses "Floor with natural yellow earth texture", and the technical contents are described below from the base layer (1), the print layer (2), Translucent adhesive layer (5), filling layer (6), transparent layer (7), surface treatment layer (8), or substrate layer (1), ocher and PVC powder mixed adhesive layer (3), filling layer (6), transparent layer (7) ), A surface treatment layer (8) or a base material layer (1), an opaque colored adhesive layer (4), a filler layer (6), a transparent layer (7), the flooring material laminated with a surface treatment layer (8) 6) PVC powder is a PVC powder pelletized with a composition of PVC, plasticizer, stabilizer, other additives and fillers, and plasticizers, fillers and pigments are added to the PVC resin when the transparent layer is used as the transparent layer (7). As in the prior art, plasticizers, stabilizers, etc., which are harmful to the human body, are added.

또 다른 종래기술로서 등록실용신안공보(등록번호:20-0383809호)에는 "황토석을 이용한 바닥판제품"을 소개하고 있다 기술의 내용은 황토석을 분쇄하여 입도별로 선별 적당한 입도를 갖는 황토석과 바인더를 혼합하여 금형으로 성형하여 경화시켜 판상체를 얻고 입도 크기에 따라서 발생하는 요철부의 날카로운 돌출부를 그라인팅한다음 요부에 에폭시에 충진제 충진제분말(스톤파우더, 황토석분, 항균사분)을 혼합한 혼합물을 도포충진한다음 표면층으로 폴리우레탄 코팅층으로 마감한 황토석을 이용한 바닥판이라 할 수 있는바 에폭시수지나 폴리우레탄수지에 각각 경화제 및 용제가 사용되며 국내특허공보(공고번호:96-011339호)에 "건축용 바닥재 제조방법"이 소개되고 있다. 기술내용은 유성불포화수지(불포화폴리에스텔수지)에 잔골재석분 경화제로 혼합한 1차 몰탈과 아크릴수성수지(아크릴모노머), 시멘트잔골재를 물과 함께 혼합한 2차 몰탈을 준비하여 1차 몰탈의 형틀에 부분적으로 뿌리고 2차 몰탈을 나머지부분에 채워 진동을 가하므로서 1차 몰탈과 2차 몰탈사이에 경계선을 형성시켜 무늬를 형성케 한 다음 2차 몰탈위에 잔골재를 뿌린후 다시진동을 가하여 경화 및 양생시키므로서 표면층에 무늬를 형성시킨 건축용 바닥재이다. 여기에서 유성불포화수지에 용제등이 사용된다. 그 밖에도 대부분의 바닥재, 벽재등 건축자재들은 거의 대부분이 유해한 합성수지재를 사용하게 된다. As another conventional technique, a registered utility model publication (Registration No .: 20-0383809) introduces "floor plate products using ocherite." The contents of the technology are selected from ocherite and binders having an appropriate particle size by crushing ocherite. After mixing, molding into a mold and hardening to obtain a plate-like body, grind the sharp protrusions of the irregularities generated according to the particle size, and then mix the epoxy filler filler powder (stone powder, loess stone, antibacterial powder) into the recess. After coating and filling, it can be called a bottom plate using ocherite finished with a polyurethane coating layer as a surface layer, and a curing agent and a solvent are used for epoxy resin and polyurethane resin, respectively. Construction flooring manufacturing method "is introduced. Technical details are prepared by preparing primary mortar mixed with oil-based unsaturated resin (unsaturated polyester resin) with fine aggregate stone hardener, acrylic resin (acrylic monomer) and cement fine aggregate with water. Partially sprinkle on the secondary mortar and fill the remaining part to vibrate, forming a boundary between the primary mortar and the secondary mortar to form a pattern, then sprinkle fine aggregate on the secondary mortar, and then vibrate again to cure and cure It is a building flooring material with a pattern formed on the surface layer. Here, solvents and the like are used for oil-based unsaturated resins. In addition, most building materials such as flooring and walling use mostly synthetic resin materials that are harmful.

이와 같은 합성수지재를 사용하는 건축자재들은 대부분이 심하거나 경미하거나 인체에 유해한 물질이고 화재발생시 저온에서 연소되고 개스를 발생시키며 특히 PVC인 경우에는 극히 유독한 연소개스를 발생하게 되므로 대피하기도전에 질식사하는 문제점을 야기시킨다.Building materials using synthetic resin materials are most severe, mild or harmful to the human body. In case of fire, the building materials are burned at low temperature and generate gas. Especially, PVC produces extremely toxic combustion gas. Cause problems.

본 발명은 종래 건축용 자재로서 내장재의 하나인 내장판재에서 발생되는 공해요인을 제거함과 동시에 인체에 유익한 기능성과 천연적인 질감을 부여하여 항상 쾌적한 분위기를 유지하는 실내 생황공간을 마련하기 위한 황토를 주성분으로 한 내장판재를 제공함에 목적이 있다 하겠다.The present invention is a conventional building material as a main component to remove the pollution caused from the interior plate material, one of the interior materials and at the same time to provide a functional living and natural texture to the human body to provide an indoor living space that maintains a pleasant atmosphere as the main component The purpose is to provide a sheet.

황토를 주재로한 내장판재를 구성함에 있어서 인체에 해가 없는 친환경적인 물질로 구성하며 구체적으로는 콜루게이트시트, 칩보드, 베니다판(집성목), 바인더 함침부직포시트 중에서 선택되는 하나의 지지판 위에 밀크카제인, 알긴산소다, 글루등의 천연접착제 중에서 선택한 접착제로서 접착층을 형성하고 그 위에 무늬층을 형성시킨 다음 황토, 폐 펄퍼, 실리카, 고화제, 아크릴모노머, 기능성물질로 구성되는 황토조성물로 표면층을 형성해서 되는 황토를 주재로한 내장판재를 구성하게 된다.It is composed of eco-friendly materials that are harmless to the human body in constructing the interior plate mainly made of ocher. Specifically, milk is placed on one support plate selected from the following: colugate sheet, chip board, veneer plate (composite wood) and binder impregnated nonwoven fabric sheet An adhesive layer selected from natural adhesives such as casein, sodium alginate, and glue is formed, and a patterned layer is formed thereon, and then a surface layer is formed of an ocher composition composed of ocher, waste pulp, silica, hardener, acrylic monomer, and a functional material. The interior plate mainly composed of loess is formed.

이상에서 같이 황토를 주재로한 내장판재는 인체에 해가 없는 물질로 구성되며 황토에 의하여 원적외선방사, 악취제거, 보온, 방음, 방진효과가 부여되며 기능성물질로 모나석분말에 의하여 우수한 음이온 발생효과를 갖게 되고 표면층에 의하 여 천연적인 질감을 갖게 되므로서 항상 쾌적한 실내 생활공간을 확보할 수 있는 황토를 주재한 내장판재라 할 수 있다.As mentioned above, the interior plate made mainly of ocher is composed of a material that is harmless to the human body, and is provided with far-infrared radiation, odor removal, insulation, soundproofing, and dustproofing effect by ocher, and excellent anion generating effect by monastone powder as a functional material. It has a natural texture by the surface layer and can be called interior board based on ocher which can secure a comfortable living space at all times.

본 발명에 의한 내장판재는 콜루게이트시트, 칩보드, 베니다판, 천연바인더 함침부직포시트 중에서 선택한 하나의 지지판(바닥판)상에 접착층, 무늬형성층, 표면층의 순서로 적층된 황토를 주재로한 내장판재로서 이를 구체적으로 설명하면 지지판 위에 형성되는 무늬층은 지지판위에 형성된 접착제층에 엠보싱 처리한 백상지를 양각으로 접착시키거나 판지로 재단형성된 무늬를 접착시키므로서 무늬층이 형성된다.The interior plate material according to the present invention is based on the loess laminated in the order of an adhesive layer, a pattern forming layer, and a surface layer on one support plate (bottom plate) selected from the following: colugate sheet, chip board, veneer plate, natural binder impregnated nonwoven fabric sheet Specifically, the pattern layer formed on the support plate is embossed to the adhesive layer formed on the support plate embossed white paper is embossed or the pattern is formed by adhering the cut pattern formed of cardboard.

여기에서 접착제는 밀크카제인, 알긴산소다, 글루등의 천연접착제 중에서 선택되는 하나의 접착제이다.Here, the adhesive is one adhesive selected from natural adhesives such as milk casein, sodium alginate and glue.

또한 무늬층위에 형성되는 표면층은 황토조성물로 형성되며 황토조성물은 황토, 균열방지를 위한 크라프트폐펄프, 내마모성을 부여하는 실리카, 고화기능을 갖는 고화제로서 마그네슘산화물 및 물유리, 음이온 발생기능을 갖는 모나즈석분말, 접착성 및 충격흡수성을 갖는 아크릴 모노머로 조성되는 조성물로서 그 조성비는 아래 표(1)과 같다.In addition, the surface layer formed on the pattern layer is formed of ocher composition, and the ocher composition is ocher, kraft closed pulp for preventing cracks, silica which gives abrasion resistance, and magnesium oxide and water glass as a solidifying function. The composition is composed of acryl monomer having a zucchini powder, adhesiveness and shock absorption, the composition ratio of which is shown in Table (1) below.

조 성 물Composition water 조 성 비(wt%)Composition ratio (wt%) 황토ocher 46~60 wt%46 ~ 60 wt% 폐 펄프Waste pulp 10~15 wt%10-15 wt% 실리카Silica 10~13 wt%10-13 wt% 소디움 실리 케이트(고화제)Sodium silicate (solidified) 7~12 wt%7-12 wt% 산화마그네슘(고화제)Magnesium Oxide (Solidizer) 4~6 wt%4 ~ 6 wt% 아크릴 모노머Acrylic monomer 3~5 wt%3 ~ 5 wt% 모나즈석 분말Monazite Powder 2~3 wt%2-3 wt%

사용시에는 이상의 조성물에 대하여 물30~50wt%를 첨가하여 20~30분간 충분히 교반하여 균질성의 묽은 몰탈상태로 하여 스프레이 코팅방법으로 표면층을 형성시킨다.At the time of use, 30-50 wt% of water is added to the above composition, and the mixture is sufficiently stirred for 20-30 minutes to form a homogeneous thin mortar state to form a surface layer by spray coating.

이상의 조성비에 있어서 한정한 조성비 이상으로 황토량을 증가시키면 고화제인 소디움 실리케이트 및 산화마그네슘과 반응하지 않은 황토입자가 잔류하게 되므로서 미세분말이 표면층으로부터 탈리하는 경향으로 나타나며 보다적은량을 사용하면 만족스러운 황토질감을 얻을 수 없다.In the above composition ratio, when the amount of clay is increased above the specific composition ratio, the yellow silica particles and sodium oxide, which are not reacted with the solidifying agent, remain, resulting in the tendency of the fine powder to detach from the surface layer. You can't get ocher texture.

폐 펄프는 아크릴모노머와 함께 표면층의 균열방지를 위하여 첨가되나 보다 적은량을 사용하면 균열현상이 일어난다. Waste pulp is added with the acrylic monomer to prevent cracking of the surface layer, but using a smaller amount causes cracking.

그 이유로는 상기 조성물에 물을 첨가시 황토는 팽윤하고 건조시키면 수축율이 큰 물질이므로 크랙이 쉽게 일어날 수 있으나 펄프는 이와 같은 현상을 방지하고 충격강도를 보강하게 되며 보다 많은량을 사용하면 표면층의 조직이 치밀하지 않게 되어 강도를 떨어지게 한다.For this reason, when water is added to the composition, the yellow soil is swelled and dried, so the shrinkage is high, so cracks can easily occur, but the pulp prevents this phenomenon and strengthens the impact strength. This will not be dense and will reduce strength.

그 밖에도 펄프는 표면층에 미세한 연속적인 기공을 형성하므로서 황토를 비롯한 내부층과의 접촉면적을 크게 하므로서 황토의 본래기능인 습도조절, 탈취, 방음, 보온기능등을 더욱 향상시킨다. In addition, the pulp forms fine continuous pores in the surface layer, thereby increasing the contact area with the inner layer including the loess, thereby further improving the soil's original functions such as humidity control, deodorization, sound insulation, and thermal insulation.

실리카는 황토의 약한경도와 내마성을 보강하기 위하여 첨가되고 있으며 소디움 실리케이트와 산화 마그네슘은 고화제로서 조성물 전입자를 접착 결합시키고 고화시켜 고화체를 형성시킨다. 지나친양을 사용하면 표면층의 충격흡수성이 약해져 크랙이 발생 할 수 있고 생산원가를 상승시키는 불리한 점도 있다.Silica is added to reinforce the weak hardness and wear resistance of the loess. Sodium silicate and magnesium oxide are solidifying agents by bonding and solidifying the whole composition as a solidifying agent. Excessive use of the impregnated surface absorbs less impact, which may cause cracks and increase production costs.

또한 아크릴 모노머는 각조성물 입자간에 접착력을 향상시키고 인장강도 및 내충격성을 부여하게 된다. 그 밖에 모나즈석분말은 현재까지 알려진 음이온 발생물질 중에서 음이온 발생량이 가장많으며 원석으로 5000~6000Ion/cc 음이온을 발생하며 내장판재 자체로서도 1500±1000Ion/cc 음이온을 발생하며 음이온발생물질로 잘알려진 전기석(Tour maline), 맥반석, 화산석등은 음이온 발생량이 1000Ion/cc를 상회하지 못한다.In addition, the acrylic monomers improve adhesion between the composition particles and impart tensile strength and impact resistance. In addition, the Monazite powder has the highest anion generation rate among the known anion generating materials, and it generates 5000 ~ 6000 Ion / cc anions as the gemstone, and also generates 1500 ± 1000Ion / cc anions as the inner plate itself, and is known as an anion generating material. Tour maline), elvan and volcanic stones do not exceed 1000 ion / cc.

그리고 지지판으로서 콜루게이트시트는 판지상에 파형(wave)으로 형성된 지재구조체가 삽입된 통상의 골판지 또는 허니컴 구조체가 삽입된 지지판을 포함하며 다른 지지판으로서 바인더 함침부직포시트는 면, 삼, 야자과에 속하는 외피섬유, 그 밖에 수목피 섬유로 집성한 부직포에 표면층 조성물인 바인더를 함침시켜 접착고화시킨 지지판이며 칩보드는 톱밥, 왕계, 목피, 건초 입자 또는 세편을 천연접착제로 접착경화시킨 판상체이다.And as a support plate, the corrugated sheet includes a support plate in which a corrugated paper or honeycomb structure is inserted into a corrugated paper structure formed into a wave on a cardboard. A support plate impregnated and bonded by impregnating a binder, which is a surface layer composition, with a fiber or other nonwoven fabric aggregated with wood bark fibers, and a chipboard is a plate-shaped body obtained by adhesive curing of sawdust, royal chicken, bark, hay particles or three pieces with a natural adhesive.

상기 본 발명 내장판을 구성함에 있어 필요한 방법이나 수단들을 알아보면 판지로 엠보싱하여 무늬를 형성할 경우에 있어서 판지는 1~1.5mm 두께로서 초지시 내부사이 징만이 처리된 판지로서 무늬형성을 위한 엠보싱 처리후 오목부에 충진재로 채워진 엠보싱무늬판을 사용하게 되고 충진제는 상기 표면층 조성물을 적당한 점도로 하여 채워진다.In the case of forming the pattern by embossing with cardboard to find out the method or means necessary for constructing the interior board of the present invention, the cardboard is 1 ~ 1.5mm thick, the paper processing only the inner sizing at papermaking embossing for pattern formation After the treatment, an embossed pattern plate filled with a filler is used, and the filler is filled with the surface layer composition at an appropriate viscosity.

또한 표면층형성에 있어서 코팅작업은 로울러코팅 또는 나이프 코팅수단을 사용할 수 없고 스프레이코팅으로서 실시하게 되며 이로서 무늬가 형성된 층이나 바닥층의 두께가 일정해진다,In addition, in the surface layer formation, the coating operation cannot be used with roller coating or knife coating means, and is performed as spray coating, so that the thickness of the patterned layer or the bottom layer is constant.

표면층의 두께는 4~5mm 정도로 코팅하게 되고 지지판재의 두께가 5~6mm 접착층의 두께가 0.3~0.5mm 정도로서 판재전체 두께가 10mm~12mm이며 가로세로의 길이 30cm×30cm로서 여기에 한정되는 것은 아니며 필요에 따라 규격은 변형시킬 수 있다.The surface layer is coated with a thickness of about 4 to 5 mm, the thickness of the supporting plate is 5 to 6 mm, and the thickness of the adhesive layer is about 0.3 to 0.5 mm, and the overall thickness of the plate is 10 mm to 12 mm and the length of the vertical layer is 30 cm x 30 cm. The specification can be modified as necessary.

이상의 방법으로 구성된 내장판재는 거의 대부분이 천연물질로서 인체에 무해한 물질로 구성되므로서 종래 건축용 자재와는 달리 인체에 무해하며 특히 표면층이 황토물질로 구성되므로서 황토고유의 기능인 원적외선발생, 악취흡착, 보온, 방음, 방진효과가 내장판재에 적용되어 그대로 효과를 발휘하며 또한 기능성물질에 의해 음이온이 발생하고 황토의 천연적인 질감으로 항상 상쾌한 분위기를 유지할 수 있는 황토를 주재로한 내장판재라 할 수 있다.Most of the interior boards composed of the above methods are made of natural materials, which are harmless to the human body. Therefore, unlike the conventional building materials, the interior boards are harmless to the human body. In particular, the surface layer is composed of ocher materials. The insulation, soundproofing, and dustproof effects are applied to the interior boards to show the effects as they are. Also, it can be called interior boards based on ocher, which can generate anion by functional material and maintain fresh atmosphere all the time with natural texture of ocher. .

Claims (2)

콜루게이트시트, 칩보드, 베니다판, 천연바인더 함침부직포시트 중에서 선택되는 하나의 지지판상에 밀크카제인, 글루, 알긴산소다 중에서 선택되는 하나의 천연접착제로서 접착층을 형성하고 접착층상에 판지로 재단된 무늬를 접착시키거나 엠보싱한 판지를 접착하고 그 위에 황토조성물로 표면층을 형성해서 되는 황토를 주재로하는 내장판재.A natural adhesive selected from milk casein, glue, and sodium alginate on one support plate selected from the following: colugate sheet, chip board, venida plate, and natural binder impregnated nonwoven fabric sheet. Bonding or embossed cardboard, and the built-in plate material mainly by ocher formed by forming a surface layer with an ocher composition thereon. 청구항 1에 있어서 표면층이 다음 표(1)의 황토조성물로 형성됨을 특징으로 하는 황토를 주재로 하는 내장판재. The interior plate material of claim 1, wherein the surface layer is formed of an ocher composition shown in Table 1 below. 표(1) 표면층 조성물의 조성비 Table (1) Composition ratio of surface layer composition 황 토 조 성 물Ocher castle water 조 성 비(wt%)Composition ratio (wt%) 황토ocher 46~60 wt%46 ~ 60 wt% 폐 펄프Waste pulp 10~15 wt%10-15 wt% 실리카Silica 10~13 wt%10-13 wt% 소디움 실리 케이트(고화제)Sodium silicate (solidified) 7~12 wt%7-12 wt% 산화마그네슘(고화제)Magnesium Oxide (Solidizer) 4~6 wt%4 ~ 6 wt% 아크릴 모노머Acrylic monomer 3~5 wt%3 ~ 5 wt% 모나즈석 분말Monazite Powder 2~3 wt%2-3 wt%
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KR200323916Y1 (en) 2003-05-30 2003-08-21 천광남 Air-formed loess sandwich panel
KR200355720Y1 (en) * 2004-04-12 2004-07-07 조영곤 Inner panel for construction
KR100623579B1 (en) 2005-11-11 2006-09-13 이근성 Loess and fiber panels for construction and producing methods thereof

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