KR100839960B1 - A food trash control device - Google Patents

A food trash control device Download PDF

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Publication number
KR100839960B1
KR100839960B1 KR1020070103866A KR20070103866A KR100839960B1 KR 100839960 B1 KR100839960 B1 KR 100839960B1 KR 1020070103866 A KR1020070103866 A KR 1020070103866A KR 20070103866 A KR20070103866 A KR 20070103866A KR 100839960 B1 KR100839960 B1 KR 100839960B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
food waste
odor
water supply
tank
decomposition tank
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KR1020070103866A
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Korean (ko)
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배삼준
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(주)가우디환경
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F27/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders
    • B01F27/60Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a horizontal or inclined axis
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/20Measuring; Control or regulation
    • B01F35/22Control or regulation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/06Controlling, e.g. regulating, parameters of gas supply
    • F26B21/10Temperature; Pressure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/005Treatment of dryer exhaust gases
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/22Controlling the drying process in dependence on liquid content of solid materials or objects
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B2200/00Drying processes and machines for solid materials characterised by the specific requirements of the drying good
    • F26B2200/02Biomass, e.g. waste vegetative matter, straw
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B2200/00Drying processes and machines for solid materials characterised by the specific requirements of the drying good
    • F26B2200/04Garbage

Abstract

A food garbage disposal apparatus is provided to prevent an overflow phenomenon of water in a process of disposing food garbage, exhaust purified air to the outside by removing odor and exhaust gas in the food garbage disposal process, and prevent the generation of odor and maintain a clean state by installing a cleaning unit in a lower part of the apparatus. In a food garbage disposal apparatus comprising a body(100) having a food garbage hopper(110) formed thereon, the food garbage disposal apparatus comprises: a food garbage disposal part including a decomposition tank(10) in which food garbage is contained and decomposed, and which has a perforated mesh(12) installed on a bottom part thereof, an agitating unit including a rotating shaft(16) installed within the decomposition tank and operated by rotation power of an operating motor(14), and agitating vanes(18) installed on the rotating shaft, and a temperature control unit including a temperature sensor and a heater for controlling temperature in the decomposition tank; an exhaust part including a plate type odor collecting plate(26) for covering the decomposition tank, a suction pipe(22) which is installed in an upper part within the decomposition tank, and which has a suction fan(F) installed on one side face thereof, a purifier(20) for purifying exhaust gas and odor transferred through the suction pipe, a "U" shaped pipe(28) which is formed in a "U" character shape between the suction pipe and the purifier, and which has a dew condensation water discharge hole formed in a lowermost point thereof, and an exhaust port(24) for exhausting purified exhaust gas and odor to the outside; a drain part including a drain tank(30) installed under the decomposition tank to discharge wastewater and sludge to the outside, a cleaning water supply pipe(32) projected from a bottom face of the drain tank, a rotating spray nozzle(34) which is installed on an end portion of the cleaning water supply pipe, and in which a plurality of through holes are formed, and a water supply unit for supplying cleaning water into the cleaning water supply pipe at predetermined time intervals; and a control part for controlling operations of the operating motor, the water supply unit, and the temperature control unit by predetermined programs.

Description

음식물쓰레기 처리장치{A food trash control device}A food trash control device

본 발명은 미생물을 이용하여 음식물쓰레기를 처리하는 음식물쓰레기처리장치에 관한 것으로, 더욱 상세하게는 음식물쓰레기를 처리하는 작업도중에 발생될 수 있는 물넘침 현상이 일어나지 않고, 작업중의 악취 및 배기가스를 제거하여 정화된 공기만을 배출하며, 음식물쓰레기 처리장치 하부에 세척수단을 구비하여 악취발생을 방지하고 청결상태를 유지할 수 있는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a food waste treatment apparatus for treating food waste using microorganisms, and more particularly, does not cause water overflow that may occur during the process of processing food waste, and removes odor and exhaust gas during operation. The present invention relates to a food waste processing apparatus capable of discharging only the purified air and preventing the occurrence of odor and maintaining a clean state by providing a washing means under the food waste processing apparatus.

음식물쓰레기는 인간의 식생활에서 나오는 폐기물로 대개 매립방법에 의한 처리를 이루고 있으나 매립지 확보의 어려움과 매립에서 발생하는 침출수에 의한 지하수의 오염 등 환경오염을 초래하게 된다.Food waste is a waste from human diet, which is usually treated by landfill methods, but it causes environmental pollution such as difficulty in securing landfills and groundwater contamination by leachate from landfills.

이에 따라 음식물쓰레기를 가축의 사료 또는 비료로 사용할 수 있도록 재가공처리하는 방법이 있으나 음식물쓰레기에는 많은 염분을 함유하고 있어서 이를 제거하기 위한 시설을 필요로 하며, 또한 쓰레기를 발효시키는 과정에서 미생물이 단백질 등을 분해 및 흡수하기 때문에 음식물쓰레기로 만든 비료나 사료는 영양이 부 족할 수밖에 없었다.Accordingly, there is a method of reprocessing food waste so that it can be used as feed or fertilizer of livestock, but food waste contains a lot of salts and thus requires a facility to remove it. Because it breaks down and absorbs nutrients, fertilizers and feeds made from food waste were deficient in nutrition.

그래서 최근에는 음식물쓰레기의 완전소멸이 가능한 미생물을 이용하여 음식물쓰레기를 처리하는 처리장치가 다수 개발되어 사용되고 있다.Therefore, in recent years, a number of treatment apparatuses for treating food waste using microorganisms capable of complete extinction of food waste have been developed and used.

그러나 상기의 미생물의 이용한 음식물쓰레기처리장치는 미생물이 음식물과 접속하여 발효를 하는 과정에서 다른 음식물쓰레기처리장치에 비해 더욱 심한 악취와 수증기가 발생하고, 처리 후 발생하는 오수를 포함하는 슬러지에서도 악쉬가 발생하게 되는데 상기의 악취는 대기를 오염시키고 작업환경을 저해시키는 문제점이 있었다.However, the food waste treatment apparatus using the microorganisms produces more severe odor and water vapor than other food waste treatment apparatuses in the process of fermentation by connecting the microorganisms with food, and even in the sludge containing the sewage generated after the treatment. There is a problem that the odor is polluting the air and inhibit the working environment.

이러한 문제점을 해결하고자 종래에는 음식물쓰레기처리장치 내에서 미생물의 발효과정 중에 지속적으로 물을 분사하여 발생되는 악취를 물에 흡착하여 악취의 발생을 억제하였다.In order to solve this problem, conventionally, in the food waste treatment apparatus, the odor generated by continuously spraying water during the fermentation process of microorganisms was adsorbed to water to suppress the occurrence of odor.

하지만, 상기와 같은 방법은 악취제거효과가 다소는 있으나 기대에 크게 미치지는 못하고, 배수관의 막힘 현상발생으로 물 넘침 현상이 수시로 발생하고, 음식물쓰레기장치의 하부 바닥 부분에 오수가 마르고 슬러지가 적채되어 악취가 발생하며, 배출되는 오수와 슬러지의 양이 많아 하수구를 막히게 하는 문제가 발생될 때 하수구를 뚫어야 하는 문제점을 가지고 있었다.However, the above method has some odor removal effect, but does not reach much expected, water overflow phenomenon occurs frequently due to clogging of the drain pipe, sewage and dry sludge in the bottom of the food waste device Odor occurs, and the amount of sewage and sludge discharged has a problem that must be drilled when the problem of clogging the sewer occurs.

본 발명은 상기와 같은 문제점을 해결하기 위하여 발명된 것으로서, 음식물쓰레기처리장치에서 발생되는 악취 및 배기가스를 정화하는 정화장치와 음식물쓰레기가 미생물에 의해 처리되어 발생되는 오수를 포함하는 슬러지를 세척할 수 있는 세척수단을 구비하여 음식물쓰레기처리장치에서 발생되는 악취를 제거하고 청결을 유지할 수 있는 음식물쓰레기처리장치를 제공하는 것을 목적으로 한다.The present invention has been invented to solve the above problems, to clean the sludge containing a septic device for purifying the odor and exhaust gas generated in the food waste treatment apparatus and the waste water generated by the treatment of food waste by microorganisms. An object of the present invention is to provide a food waste treatment apparatus having a cleaning means capable of removing odor generated from the food waste treatment apparatus and maintaining cleanliness.

본 발명은 음식물쓰레기 투입구가 형성된 본체를 가지는 음식물쓰레기처리장치에 있어서, 상기 음식물쓰레기처리장치는 음식물쓰레기가 수용 및 분해되고 하부에 타공망이 설치되는 분해조와, 상기 분해조 내에 설치되어 작동모터의 회전력을 전달받아 작동되는 회전축과 상기 회전축에 설치되는 교반날개로 구성되는 교반수단과, 상기 분해조 내의 온도를 조절하는 온도감지기와 발열장치로 구성되는 온도조절수단으로 구성되는 음식물쓰레기 처리부; 상기 분해조의 상부에 설치되어 상기 분해조 내에 수용된 음식물쓰레기에서 발생되는 악취 및 처리시 발생하는 배기가스를 흡입하는 흡입공이 형성되고 일측에 흡입팬이 설치된 흡기관과, 상기 흡기관을 통해 이송되는 배기가스 및 악취를 정화하는 정화장치와, 정화된 배기가스 및 악취를 외부로 배출시키는 배기구가 형성된 배기부; 상기 분해조의 하부에 구비되어 타공망을 통해 유입되는 폐수 및 슬러지을 외부로 배출시키는 배수조와, 상기 배수조 의 바닥면에서 돌출되도록 설치되는 세척수급수관과, 상기 세척수급수관 끝단에 여러 방향으로 물줄기가 분사되도록 다수의 통공이 형성된 분사노즐과, 상기 세척수급수관에 일정간격으로 세척수를 공급하는 급수수단으로 구성되는 배수부; 상기 교반수단의 작동모터, 급수수단 및 온도조절수단의 작동을 소정의 프로그램에 의해 조절하는 제어부을 포함하는 것을 특징으로 한다.The present invention is a food waste processing apparatus having a main body with a food waste inlet formed therein, wherein the food waste processing apparatus includes a decomposition tank in which food waste is received and decomposed and a perforated network is installed at a lower portion thereof, and is installed in the decomposition tank to rotate the operating motor. Food waste processing unit consisting of a stirring means consisting of a rotating shaft and receiving a stirring blade installed on the rotating shaft and a temperature sensor and a heat generating device for controlling the temperature in the decomposition tank; Intake pipes are installed in the upper part of the decomposition tank to suck the odor generated from the food waste contained in the decomposition tank and the exhaust gas generated during the treatment is formed, the suction pipe is installed on one side and the exhaust pipe is transferred through the intake pipe An exhaust unit including a purifier for purifying gas and odor, and an exhaust port for discharging the purified exhaust gas and odor to the outside; Is provided in the lower portion of the decomposition tank for discharging waste water and sludge introduced through the other hole to the outside, the washing water supply pipe is installed to protrude from the bottom surface of the drainage tank, and the water supply to the end of the washing water supply pipe in multiple directions A drain nozzle comprising a spray nozzle having a through hole formed therein, and a water supply means for supplying the washing water to the washing water supply pipe at a predetermined interval; It characterized in that it comprises a control unit for controlling the operation of the operating motor, the water supply means and the temperature control means of the stirring means by a predetermined program.

또한, 상기 분해조 상부에 설치되는 중앙에 통공이 형성된 악취집기판이 형성된 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치.In addition, the food waste treatment apparatus, characterized in that the malodor collecting substrate formed with a through-hole formed in the center of the digester.

또한, 상기 흡기관과 상기 정화장치 사이에 U자 형태의 U형관이 설치되되, 상기 U형 관의 최저점에 결로수배출공이 형성된 것을 특징으로 한다.In addition, a U-shaped U-shaped pipe is installed between the intake pipe and the purifier, characterized in that the condensation water discharge hole is formed at the lowest point of the U-shaped pipe.

또한, 상기 분사노즐이 회전용 분사노즐인 것을 특징으로 한다.In addition, the injection nozzle is characterized in that the rotating nozzle.

본 발명에 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리 장치는 물을 지속적으로 분해조에 분사하던 기존의 미생물을 이용한 음식물쓰레기 처리 방식과 달리 물의 분사를 전혀 하지 아니함으로써, 가장 취약적인 사용상 불편사항이던 물 넘침 현상이 제거되며, 미생물의 쓸려나감 현상이 없어 미생물의 개체수가 증가되므로 미생물 교체주기가 길어짐은 물론 기존에는 물분사로 인해 20~30˚c 이었던 발효열이 30~60˚까지 상승되고, 발효열의 상승으로 음식물쓰레기가 함유하는 수분의 증발량과 고형분의 기화 량을 증대시킴에 따라 오수와 슬러지의 배출량을 감소시켜 환경오염을 방지하며 배수구나 하수의 막힘현상을 감소시킨다.Food waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention, unlike the conventional food waste treatment method using a microorganism that was continuously spraying water into the decomposition tank by not spraying water at all, the water overflow phenomenon that was the most vulnerable in use is removed, As the number of microorganisms increases, the microbial population is increased because there is no sweeping of microorganisms, and the heat of fermentation, which was previously 20 ~ 30˚c, is increased to 30 ~ 60˚ due to water spray, and food waste is contained due to the increase of fermentation heat. By increasing the amount of evaporation of water and the amount of evaporation of solids, it reduces the discharge of sewage and sludge to prevent environmental pollution and reduces the clogging of drains and sewage.

또한, 흡입관과 정화장치 및 배기구가 형성된 배기부를 구비함에 따라 음식물쓰레기가 처리되는 과정에서 발생하는 악취와 배기가스를 배기부에서 정화하여 정화된 공기만을 배출할 수 있으며, 배수조의 세척급수관, 분사노즐에 의한 급수수단으로 구성되는 배수부를 구비함에 따라 배수조에 적체되는 오수를 수시로 세척함으로써 음식물쓰레기 처리장치를 청결하게 사용할 수 있게 하였다.In addition, the suction pipe, the purifier and the exhaust portion formed with an exhaust port to purify the odor and exhaust gas generated in the process of processing food waste in the exhaust portion to discharge only the purified air, the washing water supply pipe of the drain tank, injection nozzle By providing a drain consisting of a water supply means by the washing the sewage accumulated in the drain from time to time to make it possible to use the food waste treatment apparatus clean.

또한 본 발명의 음식물쓰레기 처리장치는 지정 용량의 투입을 준수하면 투입하는 양의 전부가 평균 24시간 내에 처리되므로 잔존물이 발생하지 않아 사용의 편리성을 구현하였다.In addition, if the food waste treatment apparatus of the present invention observes the input of the specified capacity, all of the input amount is processed within an average of 24 hours, so that no residue is generated, thereby realizing convenience of use.

본 발명을 첨부된 도면을 참조하여 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다.Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

도 1은 본 발명의 일 실시예에 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 개략적인 일측 단면도이고, 도 2는 본 발명의 일 실시예에 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 악취집기판의 평판도이며, 도 3는 본 발명의 일 실시예에 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 U형관의 구성도이고, 도 4는 본 발명의 일 실시예에 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 배수조의 요부 사시도이다.1 is a schematic cross-sectional side view of a food waste treatment apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, Figure 2 is a plan view of the odor collecting substrate of the food waste treatment apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, Figure 3 is a present invention Figure 4 is a block diagram of a U-shaped tube of the food waste processing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, Figure 4 is a perspective view of the main portion of the drain of the food waste processing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.

도 1에 도시된 바와 같이 본 발명은 투입구가 형성된 본체와, 상기 본체 내부로 투입된 음식물쓰레기를 미생물을 이용하여 처리하는 처리부와, 상기 처리부에서 발생되는 악취 및 배기가스를 정화하여 배기하는 배기부와, 상기 처리부에서 음식물쓰레기 처리시 발생되는 오수를 포함하는 슬러지를 하수구나 정화조로 배출시 키는 배수부와, 제어부로 구성된다.As shown in FIG. 1, the present invention includes a main body in which an inlet is formed, a processing unit for treating food waste introduced into the main body using microorganisms, an exhaust unit for purifying and exhausting odor and exhaust gas generated in the processing unit; The drainage part for discharging sludge containing sewage generated during food waste treatment in the treatment part to a sewer or a septic tank, and a control part.

상기 처리부는 본체(100)의 내부 상단에 설치되어 분해조(10), 타공망(12), 교반수단, 온도조절수단으로 구성된다.The processing unit is installed on the inner top of the main body 100 is composed of a decomposition tank 10, a perforation network 12, a stirring means, a temperature control means.

상기 분해조(12)는 투입된 음식물쓰레기와 일정비율의 왕겨와 미생물이 수용되고, 미생물에 의해 음식물쓰레기를 분해하여 처리하는 장소이다.The decomposition tank 12 is a place to accommodate the input food waste and a certain ratio of chaff and microorganisms, and to decompose and dispose of the food waste by the microorganisms.

상기 타공망(12)은 상기 분해조(10)의 하부에 설치되는 복수의 통공이 형성된 망 형상으로 미생물에 의해 분해가 되지않은 음식물쓰레기를 상기 분해조(12)에서 배출되는 것을 막고, 음식물쓰레기가 분해되어 발생되는 오수를 포함하는 슬러지를 상기 분해조(10)에서 배출시킨다.The perforated network 12 is a mesh shape formed with a plurality of through-holes installed in the lower portion of the decomposition tank 10 to prevent the food waste that is not decomposed by the microorganisms from being discharged from the decomposition tank 12, the food waste Sludge containing sewage generated by decomposition is discharged from the decomposition tank 10.

상기 교반수단은 상기 분해조(10) 내에 설치되는 회전축(16)과 상기 회전축에 설치되는 교반날개(18)와, 상기 회전축에 회전력을 전달하는 작동모터(14)로 구성된다.The stirring means is composed of a rotating shaft 16 installed in the decomposition tank 10, a stirring blade 18 provided on the rotating shaft, and an operating motor 14 for transmitting a rotational force to the rotating shaft.

상기 회전축(16)은 상기 본체(100)의 내부에 설치된 작동모터(14)과 체인이나 풀리로 연결되어 상기 작동모터(14)의 회전력을 회전축(16)에 전달하도록 구성된다.The rotating shaft 16 is connected to the operating motor 14 installed in the main body 100 by a chain or pulley and configured to transmit the rotating force of the operating motor 14 to the rotating shaft 16.

상기 회전축(16)에는 분해조(10)내의 음식물쓰레기를 교반하는 교반날개(18)가 설치되며, 상기 교반날개(18)는 회전축(16)의 축선에 대해 소정의 각도를 이루며 회전축(16)의 길이방향을 따라 일정 간격을 두고 다수 개가 설치된다.The rotating shaft 16 is provided with a stirring blade 18 for stirring the food waste in the decomposition tank 10, the stirring blade 18 at a predetermined angle with respect to the axis of the rotating shaft 16, the rotating shaft 16 Multiple pieces are installed at regular intervals along the longitudinal direction of.

상기 온도조절수단은 온도감지수단과 가열수단으로 구성되며, 온도감지수단은 상기 분해조(10) 내부의 온도를 감지하는 센서(미도시)에 의해 측정되는 온도를 제어부에 전달한다. 상기 발열장치은 분해조(10) 내의 미생물이 활동하기 적정온도를 만들기 위해 분해조(10)에 열을 공급하는 수단으로 도 1에 도시된 바와 같이 분해조(10) 외주연에 전열선(19)을 부착하여 열을 공급할 수 있고, 히터 등 사용할 수도 있다.The temperature control means is composed of a temperature sensing means and a heating means, the temperature sensing means transmits the temperature measured by a sensor (not shown) for sensing the temperature inside the decomposition tank 10 to the controller. The heating device is a means for supplying heat to the decomposition tank 10 to make an appropriate temperature for the microorganisms in the decomposition tank 10 to act as shown in Figure 1 to the heating wire 19 on the outer periphery of the decomposition tank 10 It can attach and supply heat, and can also use a heater.

상기 온도조절수단은 상기 온도감지수단과 가열수단으로 상기 분해조(10) 내부를 미생물이 음식물쓰레기를 처리하기 적정 온도를 유지한다.The temperature control means maintains an appropriate temperature for the microorganisms to process food waste inside the decomposition tank 10 by the temperature sensing means and heating means.

상기 배기부는 흡기관(22), 정화장치(20), 배기구(24)로 구성되어 음식물쓰레기처리장치에서 발생되는 악취 및 배기가스를 흡입하여 정화시킨 후 외부로 배기시킨다.The exhaust unit is composed of an intake pipe 22, a purifier 20, and an exhaust port 24 to inhale and purify the odor and exhaust gas generated in the food waste treatment apparatus and then exhaust it to the outside.

상기 흡기관(22)은 악취 및 배기가스가 잘 흡입되도록 상기 분해조(10) 상단에 설치되고, 흡입공이 형성된다. 상기 흡기관(22)의 일측에 흡입펌프나 흡입팬(F)을 설치하여 악취 및 배기가스의 흡입이 원활하도록 하는 것이 바람직할 것이다.The intake pipe 22 is installed at the upper end of the decomposition tank 10 so that odors and exhaust gas are sucked well, and a suction hole is formed. It may be desirable to install a suction pump or a suction fan (F) on one side of the intake pipe (22) to facilitate the inhalation of odor and exhaust gas.

상기 흡기관(22) 상부에 악취 및 배기가스를 흡기공으로 집결시켜 흡입율을 증가시키기 위해 상기 분해조(10)를 덮는 악취집기판(26)을 설치하여 악취 및 배기가스의 흡입율을 높일 수 있다.In order to increase the suction rate by collecting the odor and the exhaust gas into the intake hole on the intake pipe 22, the odor collecting substrate 26 covering the decomposition tank 10 may be installed to increase the suction rate of the odor and the exhaust gas. have.

상기 악취집기판(26)은 도 2에 도시된 바와 같이 음식물쓰레기가 투입되는 통공이 중앙부분에 형성된 판 형상으로 악취 및 배기가스가 상기 분해조(10)의 외부로 흘러나가는 것을 차단하고 악취 및 배기가스가 흡입공으로 흡입되는 것을 돕는다.The odor collecting substrate 26 has a plate shape in which a through hole into which food waste is introduced is formed in the center portion, as shown in FIG. 2, to prevent odor and exhaust gas from flowing out of the decomposition tank 10 and to remove odor and Help the exhaust gas to be sucked into the suction hole.

상기 정화장치(20)는 상기 흡기관(22)과 연결되어 흡기공으로 부터 흡입된 악취 및 배기가스를 정화시킨다. 상기 정화장치(20)는 고체 또는 액체를 이용한 정화장치 등 일반적으로 사용되는 정화장치를 사용할 수 있다.The purifier 20 is connected to the intake pipe 22 to purify the odor and exhaust gas sucked from the intake hole. The purifier 20 may be a purifier generally used, such as a purifier using a solid or liquid.

상기 배기구(24)는 상기 정화장치(20)에 연결되어 정화된 악취 및 배기가스를 외부로 배기시킨다.The exhaust port 24 is connected to the purifier 20 to exhaust purified odor and exhaust gas to the outside.

상기 흡기관(22)을 통해 흡입되는 악취와 배기가스는 많은 수분을 함유하고 있어 상기 흡기관(22)으로 흡입될 때 결로(結露)현상으로 인해 상기 흡기관(22)에서 물방울로 맺혀서 결로수(結露水)가 발생된다. 상기 결로수는 흡기관(22)을 따라 흡입팬(F)이나 정화장치(20)에 유입되어 흡입팬(F)을 손상시키고 정화장치(20)의 내구수명을 감소시킨다.The odor and exhaust gas sucked through the intake pipe 22 contain a lot of moisture, and condensation water is formed in the intake pipe 22 due to condensation when sucked into the intake pipe 22. (結 露水) is generated. The condensation water is introduced into the suction fan F or the purifier 20 along the intake pipe 22 to damage the suction fan F and reduce the durability life of the purifier 20.

따라서 도 3에 도시된 바와 같이, 상기 흡기관(22)과 정화장치(20) 사이에 U자형태의 U형관(28)을 설치하고, 상기 U형관(28)의 최저점에 흡입에 지장이 되지 않는 크기의 결로수배출공(29)를 형성하여 결로수를 배출시킬 수 있다.Therefore, as shown in FIG. 3, a U-shaped U-shaped tube 28 is installed between the intake pipe 22 and the purifier 20, and does not interfere with suction at the lowest point of the U-shaped tube 28. Condensation water discharge hole 29 of the size can be formed to discharge the condensation water.

상기 결로수배출공(29)는 도 1에 도시된 바와 같이 하기의 배수조(30)와 연결하여 결로수를 배수조(30)를 통해 배출시킬 수 있다.The condensation water discharge hole 29 may be connected to the drainage tank 30 as shown in FIG. 1 to discharge the condensation water through the drainage tank 30.

상기 배수부는 배수조(30), 세척수급수관(32), 분사노즐(34), 급수수단으로 구성되어 음식물쓰레기가 처리되어 발생되는 오수를 포함하는 슬러지를 하수나 정화조로 배수시킨다.The drainage part is composed of a drainage tank 30, a washing water supply pipe 32, a spray nozzle 34, and a water supply means to drain sludge containing sewage generated by processing food waste to sewage or septic tank.

상기 배수조(30)는 상기 타공망(12)을 통해 유입되는 폐수 및 슬러지을 외부 로 배출시키는 통로로 상기 분해조(10) 하부에 설치되어, 중앙부가 깊게 형성되고 하수구나 정화조로 연결되는 배출구(36)가 형성된다. 이 배출구(36)는 하수구 또는 정화조에 연결하게 된다.The drainage tank 30 is a passage for discharging wastewater and sludge introduced through the perforation network 12 to the outside, is installed in the lower portion of the decomposition tank 10, the central portion is deeply formed and connected to the sewer or septic tank 36 ) Is formed. This outlet 36 is connected to a sewer or septic tank.

도 4에 도시된 바와 같이 상기 세척수급수관(32)는 상기 배수조(30) 내부 바닥면에 돌출되도록 설치되고, 끝단에 여러 방향으로 물줄기가 분사되도록 다수의 통공이 형성된 분사노즐(34)이 설치된다.As shown in FIG. 4, the washing water supply pipe 32 is installed to protrude on the inner bottom surface of the drainage tank 30, and an injection nozzle 34 having a plurality of through-holes formed to spray water in various directions at an end thereof is installed. do.

상기 분사노즐(34)은 상기 배수조(30)의 바닥면에서 상기 세척수급수관(32)의 높이만큼 높은 위치에서 세척수가 분사되어 세척수가 배수조(30) 구석까지 세척수가 분사되어 세척효과가 증대된다. 따라서 적은 양의 세척수를 사용하더라도 배수조(30)의 위생적인 청결상태를 유지할 수 있다.The spray nozzle 34 is sprayed with the washing water at a position as high as the height of the washing water supply pipe 32 in the bottom surface of the drain tank 30, the washing water is sprayed to the corner of the drain tank 30, the washing effect is increased do. Therefore, even if a small amount of washing water can be used to maintain the sanitary clean state of the drain (30).

상기 분사노즐(34)을 회전용 분사노즐을 사용하면 상기 배수조의 세척효과를 증가시킬 수 있다.Using the injection nozzle for rotating the injection nozzle 34 can increase the washing effect of the sump.

상기 급수수단은 상기 세척수급수관(32)과 연결되고 외부 급수전에 연결되는 세척수공급관(38)과 세척수의 공급을 조절하는 벨브(40)로 구성되어 상기 세척수급수관(32)에 세척수의 공급을 조절한다.The water supply means is composed of a valve 40 for controlling the supply of the washing water supply pipe 38 and the washing water supply pipe 38 is connected to the washing water supply pipe 32 and connected to the external water supply to control the supply of the washing water to the washing water supply pipe (32). .

상기 세척수급수관(32)과 분사노즐(34)은 배수조(30)의 크기에 따라 다수 개가 설치될 수 있다.The washing water supply pipe 32 and the injection nozzle 34 may be provided in plurality depending on the size of the drain (30).

상기와 같이 구성된 본 발명에 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치는 소정의 프로그램에 의해 상기 교반수단의 작동모터의 작동, 온도감지수단에 의한 발열장치의 가 동, 급수수단의 세척수 공급 등은 소정의 프로그램에 의해 조절하는 제어부로 제어된다.Food waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention configured as described above is the operation of the operating motor of the stirring means by the predetermined program, the operation of the heating device by the temperature sensing means, the supply of the washing water of the water supply means, etc. by a predetermined program It is controlled by the controlling unit.

상기와 같이 구성된 본 발명에 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 음식물쓰레기 분해처리과정은 본체(100)의 투입구(110)를 통해 투입되는 음식물쓰레기가 분해조(10)에 수용되면 작동모터(14)가 작동하면서 상기 분해조(10) 내의 회전축(14)이 회전하면서 교반날개(16)로 음식물쓰레기가 교반되어 미생물이 음식물쓰레기의 곳곳에 침투되어 음식물쓰레기 분해과정이 시작한다. 이때 온도감지기가 상기 분해조(10)의 온도를 감지하고 온도가 적합하지 않을 때는 제어부에 의해 발열장치가 발열하여 분해조(10)의 온도를 미생물이 활동하기 적합한 적정온도를 만든다. 상기 온도는 일반적으로 30∼60℃를 유지하게 된다.When the food waste decomposition process of the food waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention configured as described above is accommodated in the decomposition tank 10, the food waste introduced through the inlet 110 of the main body 100 operates the motor 14 operates. While the rotary shaft 14 in the decomposition tank 10 is rotated, the food waste is stirred by the stirring blade 16, and microorganisms penetrate into the food waste everywhere to start the food waste decomposition process. At this time, the temperature sensor detects the temperature of the decomposition tank 10 and when the temperature is not suitable, the heat generating device generates heat by the control unit to make an appropriate temperature suitable for the microorganisms to operate the temperature of the decomposition tank 10. The temperature is generally maintained at 30 to 60 ℃.

상기 분해과정 중 발생되는 악취 및 배기가스는 흡입팬의 작동으로 흡기관(22)에 의해 흡입되어 정화장치(20)를 거쳐 정화되어 배기구(24)를 통해 외부로 배기된다.Odor and exhaust gas generated during the decomposition process are sucked by the intake pipe 22 by the operation of the suction fan, purified through the purifier 20, and exhausted to the outside through the exhaust port 24.

상기 분해조(10)의 분해과정을 거쳐 음식물쓰레기가 미생물에 의해 일부는 기화되고 일부는 오수를 포함하는 슬러지 상태로 되어 타공망(12)을 통해 배수조(30)로 유입되면 세척수급수관(32)을 통해 공급되는 세척수가 분사노즐(34)에서 전방위로 분사되어 오수를 포함하는 슬러지를 배출구(36)로 배출시켜 배수조(30)를 세척하고 악취의 발생을 억제한다.After the decomposition process of the digestion tank 10, the food waste is partly evaporated by the microorganisms and a part of the sludge containing the sewage is introduced into the drainage tank 30 through the perforated network 12, washing water supply pipe 32 The washing water supplied through the injection nozzle 34 is sprayed omnidirectionally to discharge the sludge containing the sewage to the discharge port 36 to clean the drainage tank 30 and suppress the occurrence of odor.

상기 분사노즐(34)에서의 세척수의 분사는 제어부에 의해 주기적으로 세척수 가 분사될 수 있도록 제어되는 것이 바람직할 것이다.The spray of the washing water in the spray nozzle 34 may be controlled by the control unit so that the washing water may be sprayed periodically.

도 1은 본 발명의 일 실시예에 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 개략적인 일측 단면도이고,1 is a schematic cross-sectional side view of a food waste treatment apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.

도 2는 본 발명의 일 실시예에 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 악취집기판의 평판도이며,2 is a plan view of a malodorous collecting substrate of the food waste treatment apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention,

도 3는 본 발명의 일 실시예에 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 U형관의 구성도이고,Figure 3 is a block diagram of a U-shaped tube of the food waste treatment apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention,

도 4는 본 발명의 일 실시예에 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 배수조의 요부 사시도이다.Figure 4 is a perspective view of the main portion of the sump of the food waste treatment apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.

<도면의 주요 부분에 대한 부호의 설명><Explanation of symbols for main parts of the drawings>

10 : 분해조 12 : 타공망10: decomposition tank 12: perforation network

14 : 작동모터 16 : 회전축14: working motor 16: rotating shaft

18 : 교반날개 20 : 정화장치18: stirring blade 20: purifier

22 : 흡기관 24 : 배기구22: intake pipe 24: exhaust port

26 : 악취집기판 28 : U형관26: bad smell substrate 28: U-shaped tube

29 : 결로수배출공 30 : 배수조29: condensation water discharge hole 30: drainage tank

32 : 세척수급수관 34 : 분사노즐32: washing water supply pipe 34: injection nozzle

36 : 배출구 38 : 세척수급수관36: outlet 38: washing water supply pipe

40 : 밸브 100 : 본체40: valve 100: body

110 : 투입구110: inlet

Claims (4)

음식물쓰레기 투입구(110)가 형성된 본체(100)를 가지는 음식물쓰레기처리장치에 있어서,In the food waste processing apparatus having a main body 100, the food waste inlet 110 is formed, 상기 음식물쓰레기처리장치는 음식물쓰레기가 수용 및 분해되고 하부에 타공망(12)이 설치되는 분해조(10)와, 상기 분해조(10) 내에 설치되어 작동모터(14)의 회전력을 전달받아 작동되는 회전축(16)과 상기 회전축(16)에 설치되는 교반날개(18)로 구성되는 교반수단과, 상기 분해조(10) 내의 온도를 조절하는 온도감지기와 발열장치로 구성되는 온도조절수단으로 구성되는 음식물쓰레기 처리부;The food waste treatment apparatus includes a decomposition tank 10 in which food waste is accommodated and decomposed and a perforated network 12 is installed at the lower portion thereof, and installed in the decomposition tank 10 to operate by receiving rotational force of the operating motor 14. Is composed of a stirring means consisting of a rotating shaft 16 and the stirring blade 18 installed on the rotating shaft 16, and a temperature control means consisting of a temperature sensor and a heating device for controlling the temperature in the decomposition tank (10). Food waste treatment unit; 상기 분해조(10)를 덮는 통공이 형성된 판 형상의 악취집기판(26)과, 상기 분해조(10)의 상부에 설치되어 상기 분해조(10) 내에 수용된 음식물쓰레기에서 발생되는 악취 및 처리시 발생하는 배기가스를 흡입하는 흡입공이 형성되고 일측에 흡입팬(F)이 설치된 흡기관(22)과, 상기 흡기관(22)을 통해 이송되는 배기가스 및 악취를 정화하는 정화장치(20)와, 상기 흡기관(22)과 상기 정화장치(20) 사이에 U자 형태로 최저점에 결로수배출공(29)이 형성된 U형관(28)과, 정화된 배기가스 및 악취를 외부로 배출시키는 배기구(24)가 형성된 배기부; Odor collecting substrate 26 of the plate-shaped odor collecting substrate 26 formed with a through-hole covering the digestion tank 10, and when the odor generated from the food waste contained in the digestion tank 10 contained in the digestion tank 10 An intake pipe 22 formed with a suction hole for sucking the generated exhaust gas and having a suction fan F installed at one side thereof, and a purifier 20 for purifying exhaust gas and odor delivered through the intake pipe 22; A U-shaped tube 28 having a condensation water discharge hole 29 formed at a lowest point in a U shape between the intake pipe 22 and the purifier 20, and an exhaust port for discharging the purified exhaust gas and odor to the outside An exhaust portion in which 24 is formed; 상기 분해조(10)의 하부에 구비되어 타공망(12)을 통해 유입되는 폐수 및 슬러지을 외부로 배출시키는 배수조(30)와, 상기 배수조(30)의 바닥면에서 돌출되도록 설치되는 세척수급수관(32)과, 상기 세척수급수관(32) 끝단에 여러 방향으로 물줄기가 분사되도록 다수의 통공이 형성된 회전용 분사노즐(34)과, 상기 세척수급수관(32)에 일정간격으로 세척수를 공급하는 급수수단으로 구성되는 배수부;A drainage tank 30 disposed below the decomposition tank 10 to discharge wastewater and sludge introduced through the perforation network 12 to the outside, and a washing water supply pipe installed to protrude from the bottom surface of the drainage tank 30; 32) and a rotary spray nozzle 34 having a plurality of through-holes formed so that water streams are sprayed in various directions at the ends of the washing water supply pipe 32 and water supply means for supplying the washing water to the washing water supply pipe 32 at a predetermined interval. Drainage portion; 상기 교반수단의 작동모터, 급수수단 및 온도조절수단의 작동을 소정의 프로그램에 의해 조절하는 제어부을 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치.Food waste treatment apparatus characterized in that it comprises a control unit for controlling the operation of the operating motor, the water supply means and the temperature control means of the stirring means by a predetermined program. 삭제delete 삭제delete 삭제delete
KR1020070103866A 2007-10-16 2007-10-16 A food trash control device KR100839960B1 (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR200446465Y1 (en) 2009-04-14 2009-10-30 김정호 Food waste removal apparatus
KR101509591B1 (en) 2013-06-25 2015-04-07 주식회사 남신테크 Detechable type of food waste tub for food waste treatment device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR19990004204A (en) * 1997-06-27 1999-01-15 배순훈 Food Waste Disposer With High And Low Temperature Deodorizer
KR19990014730U (en) * 1997-10-09 1999-05-06 주식회사 고푸 Food waste device using medium temperature microorganism
KR19990039464A (en) * 1997-11-07 1999-06-05 백운학 Food waste extinction processing device using microorganisms
KR19990065468A (en) * 1998-01-14 1999-08-05 정창훈 Food waste extinction processing device
KR20000012208A (en) * 1999-08-14 2000-03-06 주탁 Treatment apparatus of food sweeping
KR200402231Y1 (en) 2005-09-16 2005-11-29 지앤테크 주식회사 Garbage Disposer

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR19990004204A (en) * 1997-06-27 1999-01-15 배순훈 Food Waste Disposer With High And Low Temperature Deodorizer
KR19990014730U (en) * 1997-10-09 1999-05-06 주식회사 고푸 Food waste device using medium temperature microorganism
KR19990039464A (en) * 1997-11-07 1999-06-05 백운학 Food waste extinction processing device using microorganisms
KR19990065468A (en) * 1998-01-14 1999-08-05 정창훈 Food waste extinction processing device
KR20000012208A (en) * 1999-08-14 2000-03-06 주탁 Treatment apparatus of food sweeping
KR200402231Y1 (en) 2005-09-16 2005-11-29 지앤테크 주식회사 Garbage Disposer

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR200446465Y1 (en) 2009-04-14 2009-10-30 김정호 Food waste removal apparatus
KR101509591B1 (en) 2013-06-25 2015-04-07 주식회사 남신테크 Detechable type of food waste tub for food waste treatment device

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