KR100778359B1 - The fire protection of heat insulating pad using eco-friendly material - Google Patents

The fire protection of heat insulating pad using eco-friendly material Download PDF

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Publication number
KR100778359B1
KR100778359B1 KR1020070031417A KR20070031417A KR100778359B1 KR 100778359 B1 KR100778359 B1 KR 100778359B1 KR 1020070031417 A KR1020070031417 A KR 1020070031417A KR 20070031417 A KR20070031417 A KR 20070031417A KR 100778359 B1 KR100778359 B1 KR 100778359B1
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South Korea
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heat insulating
insulation
pad
fire
heat
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KR1020070031417A
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Korean (ko)
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김기현
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김기현
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/78Heat insulating elements
    • E04B1/80Heat insulating elements slab-shaped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/296Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and non-metallic or unspecified sheet-material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/70Door leaves
    • E06B3/7015Door leaves characterised by the filling between two external panels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/70Door leaves
    • E06B3/7015Door leaves characterised by the filling between two external panels
    • E06B2003/7042Door leaves characterised by the filling between two external panels with a fire retardant layer

Abstract

A fire prevention-heat insulating pad using an eco-friendly material is provided to minimize poisonous gas created due to fire and to prevent an environmental contamination. A fire prevention-heat insulating pad(1) using an eco-friendly material comprises a first-heat insulating material(10) and a second heat-insulating material(20). The first-heat insulating material includes polyester having an eco-friendly property and a sound absorption and heat insulating properties. The second heat insulating material is disposed at one side of the first-heat insulting material and includes a foaming pad that expands in response to heat. The heat insulating pad is formed by pressing the first and second heat insulating materials, which make contact with each other.

Description

친환경소재를 이용한 방화용 단열패드{The fire protection of heat insulating pad using eco-friendly material}Fire protection pad using eco-friendly material {The fire protection of heat insulating pad using eco-friendly material}
도 1은 본 발명의 일실시예에 따른 방화용 단열패드를 나타내는 사시도.1 is a perspective view showing a fire insulation pad in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.
도 2는 본 발명의 다른 실시예에 따른 방화용 단열패드를 나타내는 사시도.Figure 2 is a perspective view showing a fire insulation pad according to another embodiment of the present invention.
도 3은 본 발명의 변형예에 따른 방화용 단열패드를 나타내는 사시도.Figure 3 is a perspective view showing a fire insulation pad according to a modification of the present invention.
* 도면의 주요부분에 대한 부호 설명 *Explanation of symbols on the main parts of the drawings
1: 단열패드 10: 제1단열재1: insulation pad 10: first insulating material
20,20': 제2단열재 21: 관통공20,20 ': second insulator 21: through hole
30: 세라크울, 세라믹화이버30: cerac wool, ceramic fiber
본 발명은 방화용 단열패드에 관한 것으로서, 보다 상세하게는 기존의 방화문이나 패널에 사용된 단열패드를 친환경소재를 이용하여 형성함에 따라, 난연성과 단열성을 확보하여 화재의 확산을 차단함과 함께 유독가스의 발생을 최소화할 수 있을 뿐만 아니라, 이와 더불어 인체에 무해한 친환경소재를 사용하여 환경오염을 미연에 방지할 수 있는 친환경소재를 이용한 방화용 단열패드에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a fire insulation pad, and more particularly, by forming an insulation pad used in an existing fire door or panel by using an environmentally friendly material, securing flame retardancy and insulation and blocking the spread of fire and toxic. In addition to minimizing the generation of gas, it also relates to a fire insulation pad using environmentally friendly materials that can prevent environmental pollution in advance by using environmentally friendly materials harmless to the human body.
통상 건축물 특히 방화문이나 패널내의 내장재로 사용되는 단열재는 단열성과 함께 화재시 난연과 화재를 차단하는 등의 기능성을 유지하도록 설계된다. 이러한 단열재는 주로 스티로폼 등과 같은 가연성 소재를 사용하는데, 이는 단열성이 뛰어나고 가격이 저렴한 장점이 있는 반면에, 화재발생시 연소매개체로 작용하여 내화성능이 저하로 인해 화재를 급속히 전파시키고 유독성 가스를 방출하여 많은 인명피해를 발생시키는 단점으로 인하여 내장재로서의 사용을 규제하고 있는 실정이다.Insulation materials, which are usually used as interior materials in buildings, especially fire doors or panels, are designed to maintain thermal insulation and functionality such as blocking flame retardancy and fire during fire. These insulations mainly use combustible materials such as styrofoam, which has the advantage of excellent insulation and low cost, while acting as a combustion medium when a fire occurs, it spreads fire rapidly and releases toxic gases due to deterioration of fire resistance. Due to the disadvantage of causing human injury, the situation is regulated for use as interior materials.
이에 따라, 최근의 건축물 내장재는 내화성과 단열성이 뛰어난 단열재, 즉 석고보드, 유리섬유(Glass wool), 미네랄 울(Mineral wool) 등의 단열재를 사용하여 시공하고 있다. Accordingly, recent building interior materials are being constructed using insulation materials such as gypsum board, glass wool, mineral wool, etc. which are excellent in fire resistance and insulation.
그런데, 이러한 단열재는 내화성과 난연성이 뛰어나 화재나 유해가스 차단에는 안전하지만, 시공시 피부병이나 폐기종 등을 유발할 수 있어 필히 장갑과 마스크를 착용한 상태에서 작업을 요하는 등 작업자의 주의가 요구되고 시공후에도 대기중으로 유출되는 미세가루(석면가루, 유리섬유가루)로 인해 암을 발생시킬 뿐만 아니라, 폐기시 특수폐기물로 분류되어 폐기해야 하는 등 유해물질로 규정되어 향후 규제가 예상되는 친환경적인 소재가 아닌 단점이 있다.However, these insulation materials are excellent in fire resistance and flame retardancy, so they are safe from fire or harmful gases. However, they may cause skin diseases or emphysema during construction, and require worker's attention, such as requiring work while wearing gloves and masks. Not only does it cause cancer due to fine powder (asbestos powder, glass fiber powder) that flows into the air afterwards, but it is also classified as a special waste when disposed of, and it is classified as a hazardous waste. There are disadvantages.
이와 같이, 방화문이나 패널의 내장재로 사용되는 단열재는 지금까지 여러 종류의 제품을 단열재로 사용하였지만, 실내거주자의 건강과 환경오염에 미치는 영향을 충분히 고려하면서 단열성과 함께 난연성 및 내화성 등 다 만족할 수 있는 단열재의 필요성이 요구된다.As such, the insulation used for the interior of fire doors and panels has been used as a heat insulating material of various types so far, but it can satisfy both insulation and flame resistance and fire resistance while fully considering the effect on the health and environmental pollution of indoor residents. The need for insulation is required.
이에 따라 본 발명은 상기와 같은 종래의 문제점을 근본적으로 해결하기 위한 것으로서, 기존의 방화문이나 패널에 사용된 단열패드를 친환경소재를 이용하여 형성함에 따라, 난연성과 단열성을 확보하여 화재의 확산을 차단함과 함께 유독가스의 발생을 최소화할 수 있을 뿐만 아니라, 이와 더불어 인체에 무해한 친환경소재를 사용하여 환경오염을 미연에 방지할 수 있는 친환경소재를 이용한 방화용 단열패드를 제공하려는데 그 목적이 있다.Accordingly, the present invention is to fundamentally solve the conventional problems as described above, by forming a thermal insulation pad used in the existing fire doors or panels using an environmentally friendly material, to ensure flame retardancy and insulation to block the spread of fire. In addition, it is possible to minimize the generation of toxic gases, as well as to provide a thermal insulation pad for fire protection using environmentally friendly materials that can prevent environmental pollution in advance by using environmentally friendly materials harmless to the human body.
이러한 목적을 달성하기 위해 본 발명은 건축물의 방화문이나 패널의 내장재로 사용되는 단열패드에 있어서: 흡음 단열성을 지닌 친환경소재의 폴리에스테르 단열재로 형성하는 제1단열재; 상기 제1단열재의 일면에 배치되고, 열에 대해 반응하여 팽창하는 발포패드로 형성하는 제2단열재; 및 상기 제1단열재와 제2단열재를 접한 상태에서 상호 압축하여 일체로 형성하는 단열패드를 특징으로 한다.In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a thermal insulation pad used as an interior material of a fire door or a panel of a building, comprising: a first thermal insulation material formed of a polyester thermal insulation material of an eco-friendly material having sound insulation; A second insulation disposed on one surface of the first insulation and formed of a foam pad that expands in response to heat; And a heat insulating pad formed integrally by mutually compressing the first heat insulating material and the second heat insulating material in contact with each other.
본 발명의 일실시예로서, 상기 단열패드는 제2단열재의 양면에 제1단열재를 배치하는 구성 또는 상기 제1단열재의 양면에 제2단열재를 배치하는 구성을 선택적으로 택일하여 형성된다.In one embodiment of the present invention, the thermal insulation pad is formed by selectively selecting the configuration of disposing the first insulation on both sides of the second insulation or the arrangement of the second insulation on both sides of the first insulation.
이때, 상기 제1단열재는 제2단열재에 비하여 2~4배의 두께로 형성되는 것을 특징으로 한다.At this time, the first insulation is characterized in that it is formed with a thickness of 2 to 4 times than the second insulation.
본 발명의 변형예로서, 상기 단열패드는 내부에 관통공이 형성되는 제2단열재와, 상기 단열재의 관통공에 수용되는 제1단열재와, 상기 제2단열재의 양면에 배 치하여 제1단열재를 전체적으로 감싸도록 제2단열재를 상호 압축하여 일체로 형성한다.As a modification of the present invention, the heat insulating pad includes a second heat insulating material having a through hole formed therein, a first heat insulating material accommodated in the through hole of the heat insulating material, and a first heat insulating material disposed on both surfaces of the second heat insulating material. The second heat insulating material is formed to be integrally compressed with each other so as to wrap.
이때, 상기 단열패드는 상기 제2단열재 대신에 세라크울(Cerakwool) 또는 세라믹화이버(Ceramic fiber)를 사용하는 구성도 가능하다.In this case, the thermal insulation pad may be configured to use cerakwool (Cerakwool) or ceramic fiber (Ceramic fiber) in place of the second insulation.
한편, 이에 앞서 본 명세서 및 특허청구범위에 사용된 용어나 단어는 통상적이거나 사전적인 의미로 한정해서 해석되어서는 아니 되며, 발명자는 그 자신의 발명을 가장 최선의 방법으로 설명하기 위해 용어의 개념을 적절하게 정의할 수 있다는 원칙에 입각하여 본 발명의 기술적 사상에 부합하는 의미와 개념으로 해석되어야만 한다. 따라서 본 명세서에 기재된 실시예와 도면에 도시된 구성은 본 발명의 가장 바람직한 일 실시예에 불과할 뿐이고, 본 발명의 기술적 사상을 모두 대변하는 것은 아니므로, 본 출원시점에 있어서 이들을 대체할 수 있는 다양한 균등물과 변형예들이 있을 수 있음을 이해하여야 한다.On the other hand, the terms or words used in the present specification and claims are not to be construed as limiting the ordinary or dictionary meanings, the inventors should use the concept of the term in order to explain the invention in the best way. Based on the principle that it can be properly defined, it should be interpreted as meaning and concept corresponding to the technical idea of the present invention. Therefore, the embodiments described in the present specification and the configuration shown in the drawings are only the most preferred embodiments of the present invention, and do not represent all of the technical ideas of the present invention, and various alternatives may be substituted at the time of the present application. It should be understood that there may be equivalents and variations.
이하, 첨부된 도면을 참조하여 본 발명에 따른 바람직한 실시예를 상세하게 설명한다.Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
도 1은 본 발명의 일실시예에 따른 방화용 단열패드를 나타내는 사시도이고, 도 2는 본 발명의 다른 실시예에 따른 방화용 단열패드를 나타내는 사시도이다.1 is a perspective view showing a heat insulation pad for fire protection according to an embodiment of the present invention, Figure 2 is a perspective view showing a fire insulation pad according to another embodiment of the present invention.
본 발명은 본 발명은 건축물의 방화문이나 패널의 내장재로 사용되는 단열패드(1)에 관련되며, 방화문이나 패널의 내장재로 수용되도록 제1단열재(10)와 제2단열재(20)로 구성된다.The present invention relates to a thermal insulation pad (1) used as the interior material of the fire door or panel of the building, and is composed of the first insulation material 10 and the second insulation material 20 to be accommodated as the interior material of the fire door or panel.
이러한, 본 발명의 단열패드(1)는 제1단열재(10)와 제2단열재(20)를 접한 상 태에서 상호 압축하여 일체로 형성된다. 제1단열재(10)는 흡음 단열성을 지닌 친환경소재의 폴리에스테르 단열재로 형성되고, 제2단열재(20)는 제1단열재(10)의 일면에 배치되어 열에 대해 반응하여 팽창하는 발포패드로 형성된다. 이러한 단열패드(1)는 제1단열재(10)와 제2단열재(20)를 서로 접한 상태에서 열융착하거나 접착제를 사용하여 일체로 형성된다. 이에 따라, 제1단열재(10)와 제2단열재(20)가 지니고 있는 그 소재의 특징을 상호 보완할 수 있게 된다.Such, the thermal insulation pad 1 of the present invention is integrally formed by compressing each other in contact with the first insulating material 10 and the second insulating material 20. The first heat insulating material 10 is formed of a polyester heat insulating material of an environmentally-friendly material having sound insulation, and the second heat insulating material 20 is disposed on one surface of the first heat insulating material 10 and formed of a foam pad that expands in response to heat. . The heat insulating pad 1 is heat-sealed in a state in which the first heat insulating material 10 and the second heat insulating material 20 are in contact with each other, or are integrally formed using an adhesive. Accordingly, the characteristics of the material that the first insulation 10 and the second insulation 20 can complement each other.
즉, 상기 제1단열재(10)는 친환경소재인 폴리에스테르 단열재로 이루어지는 바, 이는 난연PET소재를 원료로 만든 단열재이며 소음흡수와 화염방어에 탁월한 성능을 나타내며 유독가스를 최소화하는 특징이 있고, 상기 제2단열재(20)는 열반응성 발포패드로 이루어지는 바, 이는 열에 대한 반응하여 10~20배로 팽창하고, 내화성(耐火性)이 우수하며 열전도율은 작아 단열성이 우수하고 흡음률(吸音率)이 높으며 유독가스를 최소화하는 특징이 있다.That is, the first heat insulating material 10 is made of a polyester heat insulating material, which is an environmentally friendly material, which is a heat insulating material made of flame retardant PET material and shows excellent performance in noise absorption and flame protection and minimizes toxic gases. The second heat insulating material 20 is made of a thermally reactive foam pad, which expands by 10 to 20 times in response to heat, has excellent fire resistance, low thermal conductivity, excellent thermal insulation, high sound absorption rate, and high toxicity. It is characterized by minimizing gas.
이때, 상기 단열패드(1)는 상기 제2단열재(20)(20') 대신에 세라크울(Cerakwool) 또는 세라믹화이버(Ceramic fiber)(30)를 사용하는 구성도 가능하다. 즉 제2단열재(20)(20')인 발포패드 대신에 세라크울 또는 세라믹화이버를 사용하는 것도 가능하다할 것이다. 이러한 세라크울은 내화성이 강해고 고온에서 열전도율이 매우 낮으므로 우수한 단열 효과를 가지고 있으며 기존 내화물에 비해 가볍고 유연성이 좋아 건축 자재에도 많이 이용되는 특징이 있고, 세라믹화이버는 내화 섬유로 만들어진 세라믹섬유의 집합체로서 내열성과 내화학성이 우수하고 열전도율이 낮아 우수한 단열 효과를 가지고 있으며 가벼워 여러 용도로 가공이 용이한 특 징이 있다.In this case, the thermal insulation pad 1 may be configured to use ceramic wool (Cerakwool) or ceramic fiber (Ceramic fiber) 30 in place of the second insulation (20, 20 '). In other words, it would be possible to use cerac wool or ceramic fiber instead of the foam pad which is the second insulation 20, 20 '. Such cerac wool has strong fire resistance and very low thermal conductivity at high temperature, so it has excellent insulation effect, and it is light and flexible compared to the existing refractory material, so it is widely used in building materials. Ceramic fiber is made of ceramic fiber made of refractory fiber. As an aggregate, it has excellent heat resistance and chemical resistance, has low thermal conductivity, has excellent heat insulation effect, and is light, so it is easy to process for various purposes.
이와 같이, 본 발명의 단열패드(1)는 도 1 및 도 2에 도시된 바와 같이 형성되는 바, 도 1은 상기 단열패드(1)는 제2단열재(20)의 양면에 제1단열재(10)를 배치하는 구성이고, 도 2는 상기 제1단열재(10)의 양면에 제2단열재(20)를 배치하는 구성이다. 이때, 상기 제1단열재(10)는 제2단열재(20)에 비하여 2~4배의 두께로 형성되는 것을 특징으로 한다. 즉 도 1 및 도 2에 도시된 바와 같이 제1단열재(10)는 제 2단열재(20)의 두께에 비하여 2~4배 정도의 두께로 형성되는 바, 바람직하게는 3배정도의 두께로 형성하는 것이 바람직하다할 것이다.As such, the heat insulating pad 1 of the present invention is formed as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, and FIG. 1 shows that the heat insulating pad 1 is formed on both sides of the second heat insulating material 20. ) And FIG. 2 is a configuration in which the second insulation material 20 is disposed on both surfaces of the first insulation material 10. At this time, the first heat insulating material 10 is characterized in that it is formed with a thickness of 2 to 4 times than the second heat insulating material (20). That is, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the first heat insulating material 10 is formed to have a thickness of about 2 to 4 times that of the thickness of the second heat insulating material 20, and preferably has a thickness of about 3 times. It would be desirable.
즉, 도 1에서는 도시된 바와 같이, 단열패드(1)는 열반응성 발포패드나 세라크울 또는 세라믹화이버(30)로 구성된 제2단열재(20)를 중심으로 양면에 흡음 단열성을 지닌 친환경소재의 폴리에스테르 단열재로 구성된 제1단열재(10)를 배치하고, 이를 서로 접한 상태에서 열융착하거나 접착제를 사용하여 일체로 형성한다. That is, as shown in Figure 1, the thermal insulation pad (1) is made of a thermally reactive foam pad or cerrac wool or a second insulating material (20) composed of ceramic fibers 30 of the eco-friendly material having a sound-absorbing thermal insulation on both sides The first heat insulating material 10 made of a polyester heat insulating material is disposed, and it is thermally fused in a state of being in contact with each other or integrally formed using an adhesive.
그리고 도 2에서는 도시된 바와 같이, 단열패드(1)는 흡음 단열성을 지닌 친환경소재의 폴리에스테르 단열재로 구성된 제1단열재(10)를 중심으로 양면에 열반응성 발포패드나 세라크울 또는 세라믹화이버(30)로 구성된 제2단열재(20)를 배치하고, 이를 서로 접한 상태에서 열융착하거나 접착제를 사용하여 일체로 형성한다.And as shown in Figure 2, the thermal insulation pad (1) is a heat-reactive foam pad or ceramic wool or ceramic fibers on both sides of the first insulation (10) consisting of a polyester insulation of an environmentally friendly material with sound-absorbing thermal insulation ( The second heat insulating material 20 composed of 30) is disposed, and is integrally formed by heat fusion or adhesive using in contact with each other.
따라서, 도 1을 참고삼아 예를 들어 설명하면, 사용에 있어 방화문이나 패널의 내장재로 상기의 단열패드(1)를 사용하여 수용되게 장착한다. 이때, 방화문이나 패널의 내ㆍ외측중에서 어느 곳, 즉 예를 들어 내측에 방화가 발생하면 화염으로 인하여 제1단열재(10)인 폴리에스테르 단열재가 어느 정도의 화염과 유독가스를 차 단할 수 있지만 완벽하게 차단할 수 없어 제1단열재(10)는 화염에 의해 점차적으로 내측면으로 타고 들어간다. 이어서, 제1단열재(10)가 녹아 들어가면 제2단열재(20)인 발포패드가 열에 대해 반응하여 10~20배 정도로 부풀어 올라 제1단열재(10)가 타고 들어간 만큼의 공간을 제2단열재(20)가 충진되어 화염과 유독가스를 차단할 수 있게 되는 것이다. 아울러, 도 2의 경우에도 위에서 설명한 바와 마찬가지로 제1단열재(10)의 양면에 제2단열재(20)를 배치함에 따라, 제2단열재(20)의 열 반응에 의해 근본적으로 방화에 대해 화염과 유독가스를 차단할 수 있다.Therefore, referring to FIG. 1, for example, it is mounted so as to be accommodated using the thermal insulation pad 1 as the interior of the fire door or panel in use. At this time, if a fire occurs inside or outside the fire door or panel, that is, for example, the inside of the fire, the polyester insulation, which is the first heat insulating material 10, may block a certain amount of flame and toxic gas due to the flame. Can not be blocked so that the first heat insulating material 10 is gradually burned into the inner surface by the flame. Subsequently, when the first heat insulating material 10 melts, the foam pad, which is the second heat insulating material 20, swells by about 10 to 20 times in response to the heat, so that the space in which the first heat insulating material 10 enters the second heat insulating material 20 is increased. ) Can be filled to block flames and toxic gases. In addition, in the case of FIG. 2, as described above, as the second insulating material 20 is disposed on both surfaces of the first insulating material 10, the flame and toxic to fire are fundamentally caused by the thermal reaction of the second insulating material 20. You can shut off the gas.
이에 따라, 도 1 및 도 2의 단열패드(1)는 제1단열재(10)로 구성된 친환경소재의 폴리에스테르 단열재에 의한 특성과, 제2단열재(20)로 구성된 열반응성 발포패드나 세라크울 또는 세라믹화이버(30)에 의한 특성 상호 보완할 수 있게 됨에 따라, 난연성과 단열성 및 화염방어, 유독가스를 최소화하는 탁월한 성능은 물론 인체에 무해한 친환경소재를 사용하여 환경오염을 미연에 방지할 수 있다.Accordingly, the heat insulating pad 1 of FIGS. 1 and 2 is characterized by the polyester heat insulating material of the eco-friendly material composed of the first heat insulating material 10 and the thermally reactive foam pad or cerac wool made of the second heat insulating material 20. Alternatively, as the characteristics of the ceramic fiber 30 can be complemented with each other, excellent performance of minimizing flame retardancy, heat insulation, flame protection, and toxic gas can be prevented by using environmentally friendly materials that are harmless to the human body. .
이외에도, 이러한 본 발명의 단열패드(1)는 도면을 통하여 도시하지 않았지만 제1단열재(10)인 폴리에스테르 단열재와, 제2단열재(20)인 발포패드 및 세라크울 또는 세라믹화이버(30)를 필요에 따라 다양하게 배치하거나 여러 층으로 적층하여 일체로 형성하는 것도 가능하다.In addition, the heat insulating pad 1 of the present invention, although not shown through the drawings, the polyester heat insulating material as the first heat insulating material 10, the foam pad and ceramic wool or ceramic fiber 30 as the second heat insulating material 20 It is also possible to form variously as needed, or to be laminated in multiple layers to form an integral.
도 3은 본 발명의 변형예에 따른 방화용 단열패드를 나타내는 사시도이다.Figure 3 is a perspective view showing a fire insulation pad according to a modification of the present invention.
본 발명의 변형예로서, 상기 단열패드(1)는 내부에 관통공(21)이 형성되는 제2단열재(20')와, 상기 단열재(20')의 관통공(21)에 수용되는 제1단열재(10)와, 상기 제2단열재(20')의 양면에 배치하여 제1단열재(10)를 전체적으로 감싸도록 제2 단열재(20)를 상호 압축하여 일체로 형성한다. 이러한 단열패드(1)는 도 3에 도시된 바와 같이, 제2단열재(20')의 관통공(21)상에 제1단열재(10)를 장착하고, 제2단열재(20')의 양면에 제2단열재(20)를 배치하여 상호 압축하여 일체로 형성한다.As a modified example of the present invention, the heat insulating pad 1 is a second heat insulating material 20 'having a through hole 21 formed therein and a first received in the through hole 21 of the heat insulating material 20'. The heat insulating material 10 and the second heat insulating material 20 are disposed on both sides of the second heat insulating material 20 ′ and are integrally formed by mutually compressing the second heat insulating material 20 so as to completely surround the first heat insulating material 10. As shown in FIG. 3, the insulating pad 1 is mounted on the through hole 21 of the second heat insulating material 20 ′ and mounted on both surfaces of the second heat insulating material 20 ′. The second heat insulating material 20 is disposed and compressed together to form a single body.
즉, 이는 도 1 및 도 2에 적용되는 제1단열재(10)와 제2단열재(20)를 사용하는 것은 동일하고, 여타의 구성에 있어서도 전술한 도 1 및 도 2의 적용에 차이가 없고 전술한 작용은 전술한 바와 같이 동일하다. 다만, 도 3에 도시된 것처럼 제2단열재(20')는 내부에 관통공(21)이 형성되고, 이러한 제2단열재(20')의 관통공(21)상에 제1단열재(10)가 수용되어 또 다른 제2단열재(20)를 배치하여 제1단열재(10)를 전체적으로 감싸도록 서로 접한 상태에서 열융착하거나 접착제를 사용하여 일체로 형성된다.That is, it is the same as using the first heat insulating material 10 and the second heat insulating material 20 to be applied to Figs. 1 and 2, and in other configurations, there is no difference in the above-described application of Figs. One action is the same as described above. However, as shown in FIG. 3, the second heat insulating material 20 ′ has a through hole 21 formed therein, and the first heat insulating material 10 is formed on the through hole 21 of the second heat insulating material 20 ′. It is accommodated to form another second heat insulating material 20 to surround the first heat insulating material 10 as a whole to heat-sealed or formed integrally using an adhesive.
이에 따라, 도 3의 단열패드(1)는 친환경소재의 폴리에스테르 단열재로 구성된 제1단열재(10)의 외주면에 제2단열재(20)인 열반응성 발포패드나 세라크울 또는 세라믹화이버(30)를 전체적으로 감싸 상호 압축하여 일체로 형성됨에 따라, 제1단열재(10)로 구성된 친환경소재의 폴리에스테르 단열재에 의한 특성과, 제2단열재(20)로 구성된 열반응성 발포패드나 세라크울 또는 세라믹화이버(30)에 의한 특성 상호 보완할 수 있게 된다. Accordingly, the thermal insulation pad 1 of FIG. 3 is a thermally reactive foam pad or cerac wool or ceramic fiber 30 which is a second thermal insulation 20 on the outer circumferential surface of the first thermal insulation material 10 composed of an environmentally friendly polyester insulation. As it is formed integrally by wrapping the whole as a whole, the characteristics of the polyester insulation of the environmentally friendly material consisting of the first insulation (10) and the thermally reactive foam pad or cerac wool or ceramic fiber composed of the second insulation (20) It becomes possible to complement the characteristic by (30).
이외에도, 도면을 통하여 도시하지 않았지만 도 3과는 달리, 제1단열재(10)상에 관통공을 형성하고, 이러한 제1단열재(10)의 관통공상에 제2단열재(20)를 수용하고, 또 다른 제1단열재(10)를 배치하여 제2단열재(20)를 전체적으로 감싸도록 접한 상태에서 열융착하거나 접착제를 사용하여 일체로 형성하는 것도 가능하다.In addition, although not shown through drawings, unlike FIG. 3, through holes are formed on the first heat insulating material 10, and the second heat insulating material 20 is accommodated in the through holes of the first heat insulating material 10. Another first heat insulating material 10 may be disposed to be heat-sealed in contact with the second heat insulating material 20 as a whole, or may be integrally formed using an adhesive.
이와 같이, 본 발명의 단열패드(1)는 제1단열재(10)와 제2단열재(20)(20')를 이루어지는 친환경소재를 이용하여 형성됨으로, 난연성과 단열성 및 화염방어, 유독가스를 최소화하는 탁월한 성능이 있는 동시에 인체에 무해한 친환경소재를 사용하여 환경오염을 미연에 방지할 수 있는 효과가 있다.As described above, the thermal insulation pad 1 of the present invention is formed by using an environmentally friendly material comprising the first thermal insulation material 10 and the second thermal insulation material 20, 20 ′, thereby minimizing flame retardancy, thermal insulation, flame protection, and toxic gas. At the same time, it is effective to prevent environmental pollution by using eco-friendly materials that are harmless to human body.
본 발명은 기재된 실시예에 한정되는 것은 아니고, 본 발명의 사상 및 범위를 벗어나지 않고 다양하게 수정 및 변형할 수 있음은 이 기술의 분야에서 통상의 지식을 가진 자에게 자명하다. 따라서 그러한 변형예 또는 수정예들은 본 발명의 특허청구범위에 속한다 해야 할 것이다.It is apparent to those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the described embodiments, and that various modifications and variations can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. Therefore, such modifications or variations will have to belong to the claims of the present invention.
이상의 구성 및 작용에서 설명한 바와 같이, 본 발명은 기존의 방화문이나 패널에 사용된 단열패드를 친환경소재를 이용하여 형성함에 따라, 난연성과 단열성을 확보하여 화재의 확산을 차단함과 함께 유독가스의 발생을 최소화할 수 있을 뿐만 아니라, 이와 더불어 인체에 무해한 친환경소재를 사용하여 환경오염을 미연에 방지할 수 있는 효과를 제공한다.As described in the above configuration and operation, according to the present invention by forming an insulating pad used in the existing fire door or panel using an environmentally friendly material, to ensure flame retardancy and heat insulation to prevent the spread of fire and the generation of toxic gas. In addition to minimizing this, it also provides the effect of preventing environmental pollution in advance by using eco-friendly materials that are harmless to the human body.

Claims (5)

  1. 건축물의 방화문이나 패널의 내장재로 사용되는 단열패드에 있어서: Insulation pads used as interior materials for building fire doors and panels:
    흡음 단열성을 지닌 친환경소재의 폴리에스테르 단열재로 형성하는 제1단열재(10); A first heat insulating material 10 formed of a polyester heat insulating material of an eco-friendly material having sound absorption thermal insulation;
    상기 제1단열재(10)의 일면에 배치되고, 열에 대해 반응하여 팽창하는 발포패드로 형성하는 제2단열재(20); 및 A second insulating material 20 disposed on one surface of the first insulating material 10 and formed of a foam pad that expands in response to heat; And
    상기 제1단열재(10)와 제2단열재(20)를 접한 상태에서 상호 압축하여 일체로 형성하는 단열패드(1)를 특징으로 하는 친환경소재를 이용한 방화용 단열패드.Fire insulation pad using environmentally friendly material, characterized in that the thermal insulation pad (1) formed by compressing each other in a state in contact with the first insulation (10) and the second insulation (20).
  2. 제 1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 단열패드(1)는 제2단열재(20)의 양면에 제1단열재(10)를 배치하는 구성 또는 상기 제1단열재(10)의 양면에 제2단열재(20)를 배치하는 구성을 선택적으로 택일하여 형성되는 것을 특징으로 하는 친환경소재를 이용한 방화용 단열패드.The thermal insulation pad 1 may be configured to arrange the first heat insulating material 10 on both sides of the second heat insulating material 20 or to arrange the second heat insulating material 20 on both surfaces of the first heat insulating material 10. Fire insulation pad using environmentally friendly material, characterized in that formed alternatively.
  3. 제 1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 제1단열재(10)는 제2단열재(20)에 비하여 2~4배의 두께로 형성되는 것을 특징으로 하는 친환경소재를 이용한 방화용 단열패드.The first heat insulating material 10 is a fire insulating pad using an eco-friendly material, characterized in that formed in a thickness of 2 to 4 times than the second heat insulating material (20).
  4. 제 1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 단열패드(1)는 내부에 관통공(21)이 형성되는 제2단열재(20')와, 상기 단열재(20')의 관통공(21)에 수용되는 제1단열재(10)와, 상기 제2단열재(20')의 양면에 배치하여 제1단열재(10)를 전체적으로 감싸도록 제2단열재(20)를 상호 압축하여 일체로 형성하는 구성을 특징으로 하는 친환경소재를 이용한 방화용 단열패드.The heat insulating pad 1 may include a second heat insulating material 20 ′ having a through hole 21 therein, a first heat insulating material 10 accommodated in the through hole 21 of the heat insulating material 20 ′, and Fire insulation pads using environmentally friendly materials, which are arranged on both sides of the second heat insulating material 20 'and are formed by integrally compressing the second heat insulating material 20 so as to surround the first heat insulating material 10 as a whole.
  5. 제 1항 및 제 4항에 있어서,The method according to claim 1 and 4,
    상기 단열패드(1)는 상기 제2단열재(20)(20') 대신에 세라크울(Cerakwool) 또는 세라믹화이버(Ceramic fiber)(30)를 사용하는 구성을 특징으로 하는 친환경소재를 이용한 방화용 단열패드.The thermal insulation pad 1 is for fire prevention using an environmentally friendly material, characterized in that the use of ceramic wool (Cerakwool) or ceramic fiber (Ceramic fiber) 30 in place of the second insulation (20, 20 '). Insulation pad.
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101029833B1 (en) 2010-11-29 2011-04-15 권혁준 Soundproofing and insulation panel unit, wall and floor structure using the same
KR101331625B1 (en) 2013-05-29 2013-11-20 이용규 Glass wall structure for insulated fire resistant
CN105507528A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-04-20 无锡捷阳节能科技股份有限公司 Scratch-proof heat-insulating and decorating integrated board
KR101936903B1 (en) * 2018-01-02 2019-01-09 김형수 an assembly of safety door
KR20190067742A (en) * 2019-03-22 2019-06-17 김영동 Inner material for fire protection, Door and panel having inner material
KR20190135815A (en) 2018-05-29 2019-12-09 주식회사 의성방화문 A insulation panel of fire door
KR102073626B1 (en) * 2019-06-14 2020-02-05 이승용 Structure For Fire Proof Door
KR102260708B1 (en) * 2020-06-12 2021-06-07 해정씨엔씨(주) Construction materials and manufacturing method thereof

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101029833B1 (en) 2010-11-29 2011-04-15 권혁준 Soundproofing and insulation panel unit, wall and floor structure using the same
WO2012074204A2 (en) * 2010-11-29 2012-06-07 Kwon Hyuk Jun Soundproofing and insulating panel unit and wall and floor structure using same
WO2012074204A3 (en) * 2010-11-29 2012-07-26 Kwon Hyuk Jun Soundproofing and insulating panel unit and wall and floor structure using same
KR101331625B1 (en) 2013-05-29 2013-11-20 이용규 Glass wall structure for insulated fire resistant
CN105507528A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-04-20 无锡捷阳节能科技股份有限公司 Scratch-proof heat-insulating and decorating integrated board
KR101936903B1 (en) * 2018-01-02 2019-01-09 김형수 an assembly of safety door
KR20190135815A (en) 2018-05-29 2019-12-09 주식회사 의성방화문 A insulation panel of fire door
KR20190067742A (en) * 2019-03-22 2019-06-17 김영동 Inner material for fire protection, Door and panel having inner material
KR102097511B1 (en) * 2019-03-22 2020-04-06 김영동 Inner material for fire protection, Door and panel having inner material
KR102073626B1 (en) * 2019-06-14 2020-02-05 이승용 Structure For Fire Proof Door
KR102260708B1 (en) * 2020-06-12 2021-06-07 해정씨엔씨(주) Construction materials and manufacturing method thereof

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