KR100762474B1 - The submerged breakwater equipped with the function of the artificial fish rcef - Google Patents

The submerged breakwater equipped with the function of the artificial fish rcef Download PDF

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Publication number
KR100762474B1
KR100762474B1 KR1020070045966A KR20070045966A KR100762474B1 KR 100762474 B1 KR100762474 B1 KR 100762474B1 KR 1020070045966 A KR1020070045966 A KR 1020070045966A KR 20070045966 A KR20070045966 A KR 20070045966A KR 100762474 B1 KR100762474 B1 KR 100762474B1
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South Korea
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block
triangular
brick
coupled
triangular prism
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KR1020070045966A
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Korean (ko)
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김광원
김상훈
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김광원
김상훈
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/06Moles; Piers; Quay walls; Groynes; Breakwaters Wave dissipating walls; Quay equipment
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/043Artificial seaweed
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/046Artificial reefs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

A submerged breakwater having the function of artificial fish reefs is provided to prevent shore erosion and to form inhabitable environment for oceanic life by changing the direction of waves in a submerged breakwater and reducing wave energy gradually. The submerged breakwater(E) having the function of artificial fish reefs for letting oceanic life live easily by maximizing an area to form a great number of spaces and irregularities on the inside and outside of the submerged breakwater, and preventing shore erosion by reducing the speed of a current comprises a block wall formed by placing C-shaped brick guiders to face each other, installing a fitting bar between the brick guiders and coupling clay bricks in zigzags and installed to the inside of a block plate frame vertically or horizontally to isolate the outside and the inside and to secure enough cross section area for settling seaweeds, etc. easily and protecting fishes, a block plate formed by coupling block walls on two sides of the block plate frame vertically or horizontally, many triangular block units(C,C',C'') connected in the longitudinal direction to form a triangular column block by couplers(T), and triangular column blocks(D) arranged in two rows to face each other and coupled with connecting bars to couple with many T-shaped clay bricks(150) having fitting holes, wherein other triangular column blocks(D'') are coupled on the top of the triangular column blocks in a pyramid structure.

Description

인공어초의 기능을 구비한 잠제{The submerged breakwater equipped with the function of the artificial fish rcef}Submerged breakwater equipped with the function of the artificial fish rcef}

도 1은 본 발명에 따른 잠제의 사시도.1 is a perspective view of a lock according to the present invention.

도 2는 본 발명에 따른 단위삼각블럭의 분해 사시도.2 is an exploded perspective view of a unit triangular block according to the present invention.

도 3은 본 발명에 따른 잠제의 분해 사시도.3 is an exploded perspective view of the latent agent according to the present invention.

도 4는 본 발명의 T형점토벽돌과 연결봉의 확대도.Figure 4 is an enlarged view of the T-shaped clay brick and the connecting rod of the present invention.

도 5는 본 발명의 다른 실시예에 따른 사시도.5 is a perspective view according to another embodiment of the present invention.

<도면의 주요 부호에 대한 설명><Description of Major Symbols in Drawing>

A : 블럭벽 B : 블럭판체A: block wall B: block plate

C : 단위삼각블럭 D : 삼각기둥블럭C: Triangular block D: Triangular block

E : 잠제 T : 결합구E: latent T: splice

110, 110' : 벽돌가이더 120 : 점토벽돌110, 110 ': Brick guider 120: Clay brick

130 : 끼움봉 140 : 블럭판체프레임130: fitting rod 140: block plate frame

150 : T형점토벽돌 160 : 연결봉150: T-shaped clay brick 160: connecting rod

본 발명은 인공어초의 기능을 구비한 잠제에 관한 것으로서, 보다 상세하게는 지그재그 형태로 결합된 블럭벽이 삽입결합되어 블럭판체가 형성되고, 상기 블럭판체가 삼각의 형태로 결합되어 단위삼각블럭을 이루며, 상기 단위삼각블럭이 길이방향으로 연결되어 삼각기둥블럭을 이루고, 상기 삼각기둥블럭이 피라미드구조로 결합되어 형성됨으로써 무게중심이 낮아져 안정적인 설치가 가능하고, 블럭벽 사이로 제공되는 공간을 통해 물이 순환되도록 하여 파도 에너지를 감소시켜 해안의 침식을 방지함과 동시에 해양생물, 해초류 및 어패류가 용이하게 서식할 수 있도록 하는 인공어초의 기능을 구비한 잠제에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a submersible having the function of artificial reefs, and more particularly, the block wall is combined to form a zigzag block is inserted into the block plate body, the block plate body is combined in the form of a triangle to form a unit triangular block The unit triangular blocks are connected in the longitudinal direction to form a triangular prism block, and the triangular primitive blocks are formed by being combined in a pyramid structure so that the center of gravity is lowered and thus stable installation is possible, and water is circulated through the space provided between the block walls. The present invention relates to a submerged seawater with the function of an artificial reef to reduce the wave energy to prevent coastal erosion and to easily inhabit marine life, seaweeds and shellfish.

일반적으로 해안의 침식작용은 폭풍 등의 기상조건에 의한 국부적인 발생요인과 연속적인 파랑에너지와 조수간만의 차에 의한 장기적인 발생요인으로 인하여 진행되어 왔다. In general, coastal erosion has been progressed due to local factors caused by weather conditions such as storms, and long-term factors caused by continuous wave energy and tidal differences.

종래에는 해안의 침식작용을 방지하기 위한 구조물로 해안, 방조제 및 방파제등의 연안에 돌제, 테트라포트 및 잠제를 사용하여 해저 면과 해상으로 불규칙하게 투입시켜 적층시킨 구조로 설치하여 해안선과 백사장의 침식을 방지하여 왔다. Conventionally, it is a structure to prevent the erosion effect of the coast, installed in a structure that is irregularly injected into the sea floor and the sea using pier, tetra port, and submerged on the coast such as coast, seawall and breakwater, and erosion of coastline and white beach. Has been prevented.

그러나, 종래의 해안침식방지용 구조물 중 상단이 해수면 위로 돌출된 돌제는 상기 돌제의 양측 끝 부분의 해안으로 조류와 파랑이 집중되는 구조이므로 빠른 유속과 강한 파랑 에너지에 의하여 돌제의 양측 끝 부분의 해안이 집중적으로 침식 되며, 돌제의 내측 해안은 해수 교환이 원활하지 못하고 정체되어 수질이 악화되며, 해수면 위에 돌출되므로 해안경관을 해치는 문제점이 있었다.However, since the top of the conventional coastal erosion prevention structure protrudes above the sea level, the tide is concentrated in the algae and the blue at the coasts of both ends of the jet, so that the shores at both ends of the jet are exposed to the high velocity and strong blue energy. Intensively eroded, the inner coast of the jetty is not a smooth seawater exchange, stagnant water quality is deteriorated, because there is a problem to damage the coastal landscape because it protrudes above the sea surface.

또한, 상기 구조물 중 상단이 해수면 아래에 잠기도록 설치되는 종래의 테트라포트나 잠제는 그 중량이 작게는 5톤에서 크게는 100톤으로 제작되어 설치되고 있어 이동 및 운송작업이 용이하지 못하고 구조적으로 안정적이지 못하며, 돌제와 마찬가지로 해수 교환이 원활하지 못하여 수질이 악화되고, 해양 생물이 정착하지 못하여 연안 어업활동에 지장을 끼치는 문제점이 있었다.In addition, the conventional tetrapot or the latent agent is installed so that the upper end of the structure is submerged below the sea surface is made from 5 tons to 100 tons of the weight is not easy to move and transport work structurally stable It is not, and like the jetty, the seawater exchange is not smooth, and the water quality is deteriorated, and marine life cannot be settled, which causes problems in coastal fishing activities.

따라서 본 발명은 상기한 종래의 문제점을 해소하기 위하여 창출된 것으로서 전면에 요철을 갖도록 하여 표면적이 넓어진 점토블럭이 벽돌가이더 사이에 지그재그 형태로 결합되어 블럭벽이 형성되고, 상기 블럭벽이 삽입결합된 블럭판체가 삼각의 형태로 결합되어 단위삼각블럭을 이루게 함으로써, 점토블럭의 표면에 해초류가 용이하게 부착되어 백태현상을 방지할 수 있도록 하고, 60도 각도로 기울어져 결합된 블럭판체의 블럭벽 사이로 물이 흐름에 따라 파도 에너지를 효과적으로 감속시키고 파도의 방향을 바꾸어 해안의 침식을 방지하며, 해양생물, 해초류 및 어패류가 서식할 수 있도록 하여 연안어업을 활성화시킬수 있도록 하는 인공어초의 기능을 구비한 잠제를 제공하는 데 그 목적이 있다.Therefore, the present invention has been created to solve the above-mentioned problems, the clay block having a wide surface area is combined in a zigzag form between the brick guider to have a concave-convex surface on the front surface to form a block wall, the block wall is inserted By combining the block plate body in the form of a triangle to form a unit triangular block, seaweeds are easily attached to the surface of the clay block to prevent white phenomena, and inclined at an angle of 60 degrees between the block walls of the combined block plate body. As the water flows, it effectively reduces the wave energy, changes the direction of the wave, prevents coastal erosion, and enables the proliferation of marine fish, seaweeds and shellfish to activate coastal fisheries. The purpose is to provide.

상기한 목적을 달성하기 위한 본 발명에 따른 인공어초의 기능을 구비한 잠제는 블럭벽(A)이 삽입결합되어 블럭판체(B)가 형성되고, 상기 블럭판체(B)가 삼각 의 형태로 결합되어 단위삼각블럭(C)을 이루며, 상기 단위삼각블럭(C)이 길이방향으로 연결되어 삼각기둥블럭(D)을 이루고, 상기 삼각기둥블럭(D)이 피라미드구조로 결합되어 형성된 인공어초의 기능을 구비한 잠제(E)에 있어서,In order to achieve the above object, the submerged block wall A having the function of the artificial reef according to the present invention is inserted and coupled to form a block plate body B, and the block plate body B is combined in a triangular shape. Unit triangular block (C), the unit triangular block (C) is connected in the longitudinal direction to form a triangular prism block (D), the triangular prism block (D) is provided with a function of artificial reef formed by combining in a pyramid structure. In one latex (E),

상기 블럭벽(A)은 ㄷ자 형상의 벽돌가이더(110)(110')가 평행하게 마주보도록 형성되고, 상기 벽돌가이더(110)(110') 사이의 중간에 끼움봉(130)이 설치되어 점토벽돌(120)이 결합되어지되, 상기 점토벽돌(120) 일측에 관통형성된 끼움공(121)에 상기 끼움봉(130)이 끼워져 지그재그로 결합되어 형성되며, 상기 블럭벽(A)이 사각의 테두리를 갖는 블럭판체프레임(140) 내부에 양측으로 설치되어 하나의 블럭판체(B)로 구성되고, 상기 블럭판체(B)가 삼각의 형태로 결합구(T)에 의하여 결합되어 단위삼각블럭(C)이 구성되며, 상기 단위삼각블럭(C)이 길이방향으로 결합구(T)에 의하여 결합되어 삼각기둥블럭(D)이 형성되고, 상기 삼각기둥블럭(D)이 마주보도록 2열로 배치되어 결합구(T)에 의하여 결합되어지되, 상기 삼각기둥블럭(D)(D')의 사이에 연결봉(160)에 끼움공(151)이 형성된 다수개의 T형점토벽돌(150)이 끼워지고, 상기 삼각기둥블럭(D)(D')의 상단에 또다른 삼각기둥블럭(D")이 피라미드 구조로 적층되어 결합구(T)에 의하여 고정되어지는 것을 특징으로 한다.The block wall (A) is formed so that the c-shaped brick guiders (110, 110 ') face in parallel, the fitting rod 130 is installed in the middle between the brick guiders (110, 110') clay The brick 120 is coupled, but the fitting rod 130 is inserted into the fitting hole 121 formed through one side of the clay brick 120 is coupled to form a zigzag, the block wall (A) is formed in a square border It is installed on both sides inside the block plate body frame 140 having a single block plate body (B), the block plate body (B) is combined by a coupling hole (T) in the form of a triangular unit triangular block (C) ) Is configured, the unit triangular block (C) is coupled in the longitudinal direction by the coupling sphere (T) to form a triangular prism block (D), the triangular prism block (D) is arranged in two rows facing each other Is coupled by a sphere (T), between the triangular prism block (D) (D ') of the fitting hole 151 is fitted to the connecting rod 160 A plurality of T-shaped clay bricks 150 are fitted, and another triangular prism block D ″ is stacked in a pyramid structure on the top of the triangular prism block D, D ′, by the coupling sphere T. It is characterized in that it is fixed.

또한, 상기 벽돌가이더(110)(110')와 블록판체프레임(140)은 금속재 또는 철근 콘크리트 중 어느 하나의 재질로 이루어지는 것을 특징으로 한다.In addition, the brick guiders 110, 110 'and the block plate frame 140 is characterized in that made of any one material of metal or reinforced concrete.

그리고, 상기 결합구(T)는 철판, 철근, 로프 중 어느 하나로 되어지고, 상기 삼각기둥블럭(B)(B') 사이에 연결되는 연결봉(160)은 상, 하 2열로 결합되어지는 것을 특징으로 한다.And, the coupler (T) is made of any one of the iron plate, reinforcing bar, rope, connecting rod 160 connected between the triangular prism block (B) (B ') is characterized in that the coupling in the upper, lower two rows. It is done.

이하, 본 발명을 첨부된 도면을 참고로 하여 상세히 설명하도록 한다.Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

본 발명에 따른 인공어초의 기능을 구비한 잠제(E)는 도 1 내지 도 3에 도시된 바와 같이, 잠제(E)의 내, 외부에 수만은 공간과 요철이 형성되어지도록 그 면적을 극대화시켜 해양생물, 해초류 및 어패류가 용이하게 서식할 수 있도록 함과 동시에 유속을 감소시켜 해안침식을 방지하는 주된 기능이 제공되는 것으로 블럭벽(A), 블럭판체(B), 단위삼각블럭(C), 삼각기둥블럭(D) 및 결합구(T)로 구성되어 있다.As shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, the latent agent E having the function of the artificial reef according to the present invention maximizes its area so that tens of thousands of spaces and irregularities are formed inside and outside the latent agent E. The main function of preventing coastal erosion by reducing the flow rate while providing easy habitat for living organisms, seaweeds and fish and shellfish is block wall (A), block plate (B), unit triangular block (C), triangular It consists of a pillar block (D) and a coupler (T).

상기 블럭벽(A)은 ㄷ자 형상의 벽돌가이더(110)(110')가 평행하게 마주보도록 형성되고, 상기 벽돌가이더(110)(110') 사이의 중간에 끼움봉(130)이 설치되어 점토벽돌(120)이 지그재그로 결합되어 형성되는 것으로 블럭판체프레임(140)의 내부에 수직 또는 수평방향으로 설치되어 외부와 내부를 차단하는 기능을 가짐과 동시에 블럭벽(A) 자체에 단면적이 많이 확보되어 해초류 등이 쉽게 정착할 수 있는 기능 및 그 내부에 서식하고 있는 어류를 보호하는 기능이 제공되어지도록 구성되어 있다.The block wall (A) is formed so that the c-shaped brick guiders (110, 110 ') face in parallel, the fitting rod 130 is installed in the middle between the brick guiders (110, 110') clay The brick 120 is formed by combining zigzag to be installed in the vertical or horizontal direction inside the block plate frame 140 to have a function of blocking the outside and the inside and at the same time secure a large cross-sectional area in the block wall (A) itself. Therefore, it is configured to provide a function to easily settle seaweeds and a function to protect the fish inhabiting therein.

이러한 블럭벽(A)을 구성하는 점토벽돌(120)은 소정 두께를 가짐과 동시에 상기 점토벽돌(120) 일측에 상부에서 하부로 끼움공(121)이 관통형성되어 상기 끼움공(121)에 상기 끼움봉(130)이 끼워지도록 구성되며, 상기 점토벽돌(120)에는 단면적을 넓게하도록 하기 위해 소정 깊이 또는 길이를 갖는 요철이 일체로 형성되어 있으며, 이러한 요철은 도트형태로 형성되어지도록 하는 것이 더욱 바람직하다. The clay brick 120 constituting the block wall (A) has a predetermined thickness and at the same time the fitting hole 121 is formed from the upper side to the lower side on one side of the clay brick 120 to the fitting hole 121 The fitting rod 130 is configured to be fitted, and the clay brick 120 is integrally formed with unevenness having a predetermined depth or length in order to widen the cross-sectional area, and the unevenness is formed to have a dot shape. desirable.

상기 블럭판체(B)는 하나의 블럭판체프레임(140)의 양측에 수직, 또는 수평방향으로 블럭벽(A)이 결합되어 형성되어지되, 상기 블럭판체프레임(140)은 상기 블럭벽(A)을 구성하는 벽돌가이더(110)(110') 및 끼움봉(130)이 견고하게 고정되어지는 기능을 갖도록 하는 것으로 사각 테두리 형태를 갖도록 형성되고, 상기 블럭벽(A)이 블럭판체프레임(140)에 끼워질 때 상기 끼움봉(130)의 양단에 탄성부재(S)가 결합되어 지그재그로 결합된 점토벽돌(120)이 양단에서 눌러주는 탄성부재(S)의 탄성력에 의해 움직이지 않고 잘 고정되도록 구성되어 있다.The block plate body (B) is formed by combining the block wall (A) in the vertical or horizontal direction on both sides of one block plate frame frame 140, the block plate frame frame 140 is the block wall (A) Brick guiders 110, 110 'and fitting rods 130 constituting the shape to have a function that is firmly fixed is formed to have a rectangular border shape, the block wall (A) is a block plate body frame 140 When the elastic member (S) is coupled to both ends of the fitting rod 130 when it is inserted into the zigzag clay brick 120 is fixed without being moved by the elastic force of the elastic member (S) pressed from both ends Consists of.

상기 탄성부재(S)는 코일스프링, 끼움공이 형성된 판스프링 또는 U자형 스프링 중 어느 하나로 사용될 수 있다.The elastic member S may be used as any one of a coil spring, a leaf spring formed with a fitting hole, or a U-shaped spring.

상기 단위삼각블럭(C)은 상기 블럭판체(B)가 삼각의 형태로 연결되어 결합구(T)에 의하여 고정되어지는데, 상기 결합구(T)는 철판, 철근, 로프 중 어느 하나를 사용하여 리벳팅, 볼팅 또는 용접하여 결합되어지도록 한다. The unit triangular block (C) is connected to the block plate body (B) in the form of a triangle is fixed by the coupling sphere (T), the coupling sphere (T) using any one of the iron plate, reinforcing rod, rope To be joined by riveting, bolting or welding.

상기와 같이 삼각의 형태로 형성된 단위삼각블럭(C)은 하단이 넓은 안정적인 구조를 갖으며 각각의 단위삼각블럭(C)이 60도를 이루며 결합되고, 상기 단위삼각블럭(C) 내부에 결합된 점토벽돌(120)이 30도를 이루며 기울어져 있음으로써, 파도와 수직으로 충돌되어 잠제가 파손되는 것을 방지할 수 있고, 유속의 흐름을 용이하게 감소시키며 파도의 방향을 바꾸어 해양생물, 해초류 및 어패류가 용이하게 서식함과 동시에 해안의 침식을 방지하는 역할을 한다.The unit triangular block (C) formed in the form of a triangle as described above has a wide stable structure at the bottom, and each unit triangular block (C) is combined to form a 60 degrees, the inside of the unit triangular block (C) By inclining the clay brick 120 at 30 degrees, it is possible to prevent the impact from being broken by colliding vertically with the waves, and to easily reduce the flow of the flow rate and to change the direction of the waves, thereby to marine life, seaweed and fish and shellfish. It is easy to inhabit and at the same time prevents coastal erosion.

본 발명에서 사용된 벽돌가이드(110)(110')와 블럭판체프레임(140)은 금속 재, 철근 콘크리트 중 어느 하나로 사용할 수 있는바, 철근 콘크리트를 사용하는 것이 더욱 바람직하며, 철근 콘크리트를 사용하는 경우에는 벽돌가이드(110)(110') 사이에 결합된 점토벽돌(120)이 콘크리트 속에 더욱 견고하게 고정되어 반영구적으로 사용할 수 있으며, 시공이 간편하고 인공어초의 단가를 줄임과 동시에 무게가 더 나가도록 하여 좀더 안정적인 설치를 할 수 있도록 한다.The brick guides 110, 110 'and the block plate frame 140 used in the present invention can be used as any one of a metal material and reinforced concrete, more preferably using reinforced concrete, using reinforced concrete In this case, the clay brick 120 coupled between the brick guides 110 and 110 'is more firmly fixed in concrete and can be used semi-permanently. To make the installation more stable.

이와 같은 구성을 갖는 단위삼각블럭(C)이 다수개 결합되어 형성된 잠제(E)는 먼저 단위삼각블럭(C)이 길이방향으로 연결되어 하나의 삼각기둥블럭(D)이 형성되고, 상기 삼각기둥블럭(D)이 마주보도록 2열로 배치되어지되, 상기 삼각기둥블럭(D)(D') 사이에는 소정 길이를 갖는 연결봉(160)의 양단이 상, 하 각각 2단으로 결합되고, 상기 연결봉(160)에는 끼움공(151)이 형성된 다수개의 T형점토벽돌(150)이 끼움 결합되도록 구성되어 있으며, 상기와 같이 연결된 삼각기둥블럭(D)(D')의 상단에 또다른 삼각기둥블럭(D")이 피라미드 구조로 적층되어 결합된다.The latent agent E formed by combining a plurality of unit triangular blocks C having such a configuration is first formed of a triangular prism block D by connecting the unit triangular blocks C in the longitudinal direction, and the triangular prism. Blocks (D) are arranged in two rows to face each other, the both ends of the connecting rod 160 having a predetermined length between the triangular prism block (D) (D ') are coupled in two stages, respectively, the connecting rod ( 160 is configured to fit a plurality of T-shaped clay brick 150 is fitted with the fitting hole 151, another triangular prism block (D) (D ') on the top of the connected triangular prism block ( D ″) are stacked and joined in a pyramid structure.

도 4는 본 발명의 T형점토벽돌(150)과 연결봉(160)의 확대도로서, 직사각형상의 점토벽돌 양단으로 날개부(152)가 일체로 형성된 T형상의 점토벽돌의 정, 배면에 다수개의 끼움공(151)이 관통형성되고, 상기 끼움공(151)에 연결봉(160)이 끼움결합되어지되, T형점토벽돌(150)이 수직방향, 수평방향의 순서대로 번갈아 끼워지고, 상기 연결봉(160)의 양단에는 탄성부재(S)가 결합되어 삼각기둥블럭(D)(D') 사이에 상, 하 각각 2열로 결합되는 것이다.Figure 4 is an enlarged view of the T-shaped clay brick 150 and the connecting rod 160 of the present invention, a plurality of clay bricks on the front, the back of the T-shaped clay brick is formed integrally with both ends of the rectangular clay brick The fitting hole 151 is formed through, the connecting rod 160 is fitted to the fitting hole 151, T-shaped clay brick 150 is alternately fitted in the order of the vertical direction, horizontal direction, the connecting rod ( Both ends of the 160 are coupled to the elastic member (S) is coupled in two rows, respectively, between the triangular prism block (D) (D ').

상기 T형점토벽돌(150)은 삼각기둥블럭(D)(D') 사이에 결합되어 잠제(E)의 지지력을 향상시킬뿐만 아니라 잠제(E)의 무게를 증가시켜 더욱 안정적으로 설치되 도록 하며, 일반적인 잠제(E)의 경우 파도를 분산시키는 데 그치는 데 반하여 상기 T형점토벽돌(150)가 수평, 수직으로 번갈아 끼워짐으로써 날개부(152)가 지그재그로 배열되어짐으로써 잠제(E) 내부에 흐르는 파도의 유속방향을 바꾸면서 파도 에너지를 점차적으로 감소시켜 해안침식을 방지하고 해양생물이 서식하기 용이한 환경을 제공한다.The T-type clay brick 150 is coupled between the triangular prism block (D) (D ') to improve the bearing capacity of the latent agent (E) and to increase the weight of the latent agent (E) to be installed more stably. In the case of the general propellant E, the waves are dispersed only, whereas the T-shaped clay brick 150 is alternately fitted horizontally and vertically so that the wing parts 152 are arranged in a zigzag, and thus the inside of the propellant E By changing the flow velocity of the flowing wave, the wave energy is gradually reduced to prevent coastal erosion and to provide an easy environment for marine life.

또한, 상기 T형점토벽돌(150)의 날개부(152)는 키 역할을 하여 거센 파도에도 상기 잠제(E)가 흔들리지 않도록 균형을 잡아주는 키 역할을 하고, 특히, 상기 삼각기둥블럭(D)(D') 사이의 하단에 결합되는 T형점토벽돌(150)은 불규칙한 해저의 바닥에 톱니처럼 고정되어 상기 잠제(E)를 지지하며 매몰되거나 세굴되는 것을 방지하는 역할을 한다. In addition, the wing portion 152 of the T-shaped clay brick 150 serves as a key to balance the latent agent (E) so as not to shake even in the rough waves, in particular, the triangular pillar (D) T-shaped clay brick 150 is coupled to the lower end between the (D ') is fixed to the bottom of the irregular seabed like a sawtooth serves to prevent the buried or scoured to support the submerged (E).

이와 같은 과정을 통해 형성된 잠제(E)를 하천 및 연안해역에 투입하여 바닥에 가라앉힌 상태에서는 블럭벽(A)을 구성하는 점토벽돌(120) 사이의 상, 하 양측에 소정의 공간이 제공되어짐에 따라 잠제(E) 내, 외부로 물의 순환이 원활하게 이루어짐과 동시에 이로 인해 유속의 흐름이 일정하게 유지되어 해안침식이 방지되고, 각종 어류가 안전하게 서식할 수 있게 된다.In the state where the submerged agent E formed through the above process is put into the river and the coastal water and sank to the bottom, predetermined spaces are provided on both sides of the clay brick 120 constituting the block wall A. As a result of the smooth circulation of water into and out of the latent agent (E), the flow of the flow rate is kept constant, thereby preventing coastal erosion and allowing various fishes to inhabit safely.

또한, 점토벽돌(120)의 표면에 다수개의 요철이 형성되어 있음으로써 단면적이 그만큼 확대되어짐과 동시에 상기 요철에 해초류가 용이하게 부착되어 자랄 수 있게 된다.In addition, since a plurality of irregularities are formed on the surface of the clay brick 120, the cross-sectional area is enlarged, and seaweeds can be easily attached to and grow on the irregularities.

그리고, 파도가 잠제(E)를 통과함에 있어서 60도 각도로 기울어진 블럭판체(B) 및 상기 블럭판체(B)에 결합된 점토벽돌(120)과 삼각기둥블럭(D)(D') 사이의 T형점토벽돌(150)을 통과함으로써 유속의 방향을 바꾸며 순차적으로 파도 에너지를 감소시켜 해안의 침식을 방지하도록 한다.In addition, between the block plate body B inclined at an angle of 60 degrees and the clay brick 120 coupled to the block plate body B and the triangular prism block D (D ') as the waves pass through the submerged material E. By passing through the T-shaped clay brick 150 to change the direction of the flow rate to sequentially reduce the wave energy to prevent the erosion of the coast.

도 5는 본 발명의 다른 실시예를 도시한 사시도이다.5 is a perspective view showing another embodiment of the present invention.

유속이 강하여 침식작용이 활발이 이루어지는 연안해역에는 좀더 무게가 무겁고 파도 에너지를 효과적으로 감소시킬 수 있는 잠제가 필요하게 된다.In coastal waters where the flow velocity is high and erosion is active, it is necessary to have a heavy weight and a potential to effectively reduce the wave energy.

이를 위해서 본 발명의 잠제(E)가 다수개 결합되어 잠제 조립체가 형성되어지되, 상기 잠제 조립체는 가장 하단에 삼각기둥블럭(B)(B')이 4열로 배치되고, 그 상단에 삼각기둥블럭(B)이 3열로 배치되며, 그 상단에 삼각기둥블럭(B")이 2열로 배치되어 전체적으로 하단으로부터 8개, 6개, 4개의 단위삼각블럭(C)(C')(C")이 피라미드 구조로 적층되어 형성되어 파도가 상기 잠제 조립체를 순차적으로 통과함에 따라 점차적으로 20%, 15%, 15% 씩 서서히 감속되어 전체적으로 50~60%의 감속 효과를 기대할 수 있는 것이다.To this end, a plurality of submerged particles (E) of the present invention are combined to form a submerged assembly, wherein the submerged assembly has four rows of triangular prism blocks (B) (B ') disposed at the bottom thereof, and a triangular prism block at the top thereof (B) is arranged in three rows, and the triangular prism blocks (B ") are arranged in two rows at the top, so that eight, six, four unit triangular blocks (C) (C ') (C") are arranged from the bottom. It is formed by being stacked in a pyramid structure, and as the waves sequentially pass through the submerged assembly, it is gradually decelerated by 20%, 15%, and 15%, so that the overall deceleration effect of 50 to 60% can be expected.

기존의 돌제 또는 잠제는 5톤 내지 8톤의 단위 돌제 또는 단위 잠제를 수중에 투입시켜 불규칙적으로 적층하여 잠제 구조물을 형성하였으나, 본 발명의 잠제(E)는 일정 무게의 잠제 구조체를 미리 제작하여 결합구(T)로 결합하거나 용접하여 수중에 투입시켜 설치함으로써 보다 견고하고 안정적인 설치가 가능하도록 하며, 잠제 구조체 주위의 파도의 방향과 유속을 균등하게 감속시킬 수 있어 해양생물이 용이하게 서식할 수 있도록 한다.Existing jet or submerged 5 to 8 ton unit jet or unit of submerged in the water to form a submerged structure by laminating irregularly, but the submerged agent (E) of the present invention is prepared by combining a predetermined weight of the submerged structure in advance Combined with or welded with a sphere (T) and installed in water, it is possible to install more firmly and stably, and to reduce the direction and flow velocity of waves around the submerged structure evenly so that marine life can be easily inhabited. do.

이상에서와 같이 본 발명은 상기한 실시예에 한하여 설명하였지만, 본 발명을 이에 한정하지는 않는 것으로, 하천과 연안해역의 수심, 지형에 따라 결합구조 를 자유롭게 변경하여 사용할 수 있는 것으로, 본 발명의 범주와 사상을 벗어나지 않는 범위 내에서 다양한 변형 실시가 가능함은 물론이다.As described above, the present invention has been described only in the above-described embodiments, but the present invention is not limited thereto, and the coupling structure may be freely changed according to the depth and topography of rivers and coastal waters, and the scope of the present invention. Various modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of course.

이와 같이 본 발명은 전면에 다수의 요철을 갖는 점토벽돌이 블럭벽을 이루어 블럭판체에 결합되어지도록 함으로써, 그 단면적을 넓혀 표면에 많은 해초류가 용이하게 정착하여 무성하게 자랄 수 있도록 하며, 점토벽돌 사이에 다수의 공간이 제공되어짐에 따라 물이 용이하게 순환되어지도록 함과 동시에 유속을 줄여 어류의 서식지로서 안정적인 기능이 제공되어질 수 있도록 한다.As described above, the present invention allows the clay brick having a plurality of irregularities on the front surface to be coupled to the block plate by forming a block wall, thereby widening its cross-sectional area so that many seaweeds can easily settle on the surface and grow lushly, and between clay bricks. As a large number of spaces are provided, the water can be easily circulated and the flow rate can be reduced to provide a stable function as a fish habitat.

또한, 점토벽돌이 결합된 블럭판체가 삼각의 형태로 결합되어 단위삼각블럭을 구성함으로써 무게중심이 낮아져 안정적으로 설치될 수 있도록 하며, 60도 각도로 기울어져 있으므로써 파도의 충돌을 완화시켜 내구성을 향상시키고, 유속의 흐름을 효과적으로 감속시킴과 동시에 파도의 방향을 바꾸어 해안의 침식을 방지하여 해안경관을 보전할 수 있으며, 해양생물, 해초류 및 어패류가 서식하기 좋은 환경을 제공하여 연안어업을 활성화시킬수 있도록 하는 유용한 효과를 제공한다.In addition, the block plate body combined with clay brick is combined in the form of a triangular block to form a unit triangular block so that the center of gravity can be lowered and be installed stably. It can improve coastal speed and effectively slow down the flow of the flow and at the same time change the direction of the wave to prevent coastal erosion and preserve the coastal landscape, and activate coastal fisheries by providing an environment where marine life, seaweed and fish and shellfish can live. It provides a useful effect.

Claims (3)

블럭벽(A)이 삽입결합되어 블럭판체(B)가 형성되고, 상기 블럭판체(B)가 삼각의 형태로 결합되어 단위삼각블럭(C)을 이루며, 상기 단위삼각블럭(C)이 길이방향으로 연결되어 삼각기둥블럭(D)을 이루고, 상기 삼각기둥블럭(D)이 피라미드구조로 결합되어 형성된 인공어초의 기능을 구비한 잠제(E)에 있어서,Block wall (A) is inserted and coupled to form a block plate body (B), the block plate body (B) is combined in the form of a triangle to form a unit triangular block (C), the unit triangular block (C) in the longitudinal direction In the triangular prism block (D) is connected, the triangular prism block (D) is a submerged (E) having the function of artificial reefs formed by combining in a pyramid structure, 상기 블럭벽(A)은 ㄷ자 형상의 벽돌가이더(110)(110')가 평행하게 마주보도록 형성되고, 상기 벽돌가이더(110)(110') 사이의 중간에 끼움봉(130)이 설치되어 점토벽돌(120)이 결합되어지되, 상기 점토벽돌(120) 일측에 관통형성된 끼움공(121)에 상기 끼움봉(130)이 끼워져 지그재그로 결합되어 형성되며, 상기 블럭벽(A)이 사각의 테두리를 갖는 블럭판체프레임(140) 내부에 양측으로 설치되어 하나의 블럭판체(B)로 구성되고, 상기 블럭판체(B)가 삼각의 형태로 결합구(T)에 의하여 결합되어 단위삼각블럭(C)이 구성되며, 상기 단위삼각블럭(C)이 길이방향으로 결합구(T)에 의하여 결합되어 삼각기둥블럭(D)이 형성되고, 상기 삼각기둥블럭(D)이 마주보도록 2열로 배치되어 결합구(T)에 의하여 결합되어지되, 상기 삼각기둥블럭(D)(D')의 사이에 연결봉(160)에 끼움공(151)이 형성된 다수개의 T형점토벽돌(150)이 끼워지고, 상기 삼각기둥블럭(D)(D')의 상단에 또다른 삼각기둥블럭(D")이 피라미드 구조로 적층되어 결합구(T)에 의하여 고정되어지는 것을 특징으로 하는 인공어초의 기능을 구비한 잠제.The block wall (A) is formed so that the c-shaped brick guiders (110, 110 ') face in parallel, the fitting rod 130 is installed in the middle between the brick guiders (110, 110') clay The brick 120 is coupled, but the fitting rod 130 is inserted into the fitting hole 121 formed through one side of the clay brick 120 is coupled to form a zigzag, the block wall (A) is formed in a square border It is installed on both sides inside the block plate body frame 140 having a single block plate body (B), the block plate body (B) is combined by a coupling hole (T) in the form of a triangular unit triangular block (C) ) Is configured, the unit triangular block (C) is coupled in the longitudinal direction by the coupling sphere (T) to form a triangular prism block (D), the triangular prism block (D) is arranged in two rows facing each other Is coupled by a sphere (T), between the triangular prism block (D) (D ') of the fitting hole 151 is fitted to the connecting rod 160 A plurality of T-shaped clay bricks 150 are fitted, and another triangular prism block D ″ is stacked in a pyramid structure on the top of the triangular prism block D, D ′, by the coupling sphere T. The agent having the function of artificial reefs, characterized in that it is fixed. 제 1 항에 있어서,The method of claim 1, 상기 벽돌가이더(110)(110')와 블록판체프레임(140)은 금속재 또는 철근 콘크리트 중 어느 하나의 재질로 이루어지는 것을 특징으로 하는 인공어초의 기능을 구비한 잠제.The brick guider (110) (110 ') and block plate body frame 140 has a function of artificial reefs, characterized in that made of any one material of metal or reinforced concrete. 제 1 항 또는 제 2 항에 있어서, The method according to claim 1 or 2, 상기 결합구(T)는 철판, 철근, 로프 중 어느 하나로 되어지고, 상기 삼각기둥블럭(B)(B') 사이에 연결되는 연결봉(160)은 상, 하 2열로 결합되어지는 것을 특징으로 하는 인공어초의 기능을 구비한 잠제.The coupler (T) is made of any one of the iron plate, reinforcing bar, rope, connecting rod 160 connected between the triangular prism block (B) (B ') is characterized in that the coupling in the upper, lower two rows A submersible with the function of artificial reefs.
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KR100809917B1 (en) 2007-12-10 2008-03-06 김광원 The artificial seaweeds using the clay brick
ITRN20100010A1 (en) * 2010-03-26 2010-06-25 Guglielmo Campidelli MARINE BARRIER.
KR101418476B1 (en) * 2013-09-25 2014-07-15 전남대학교산학협력단 Method for manufacturing plantable revetment block and plantable revetment block complex thereof
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KR20020067087A (en) * 2001-02-15 2002-08-22 원 회 양 Cellular block covering breakwater which have function of fishing reef

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KR200262769Y1 (en) 2001-10-17 2002-03-18 원 회 양 Bank protection which has a function of artificial fishing

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100809917B1 (en) 2007-12-10 2008-03-06 김광원 The artificial seaweeds using the clay brick
ITRN20100010A1 (en) * 2010-03-26 2010-06-25 Guglielmo Campidelli MARINE BARRIER.
KR101418476B1 (en) * 2013-09-25 2014-07-15 전남대학교산학협력단 Method for manufacturing plantable revetment block and plantable revetment block complex thereof
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