KR100725755B1 - Photovoltaic power generation apparatus - Google Patents

Photovoltaic power generation apparatus Download PDF

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KR100725755B1
KR100725755B1 KR20060113599A KR20060113599A KR100725755B1 KR 100725755 B1 KR100725755 B1 KR 100725755B1 KR 20060113599 A KR20060113599 A KR 20060113599A KR 20060113599 A KR20060113599 A KR 20060113599A KR 100725755 B1 KR100725755 B1 KR 100725755B1
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system
apparatus
function
time
data
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Korean (ko)
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이평화
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주식회사 텐코리아
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/56Power conversion electric or electronic aspects
    • Y02E10/566Power conversion electric or electronic aspects concerning power management inside the plant, e.g. battery charging/discharging, economical operation, hybridisation with other energy sources

Abstract

A photovoltaic power generating apparatus is provided to accurately monitor and control even in various situations of generating capacity. A photovoltaic power generating apparatus includes a system duplexing apparatus(25), a GPS auto time receiving apparatus(60), an auto weather observing apparatus(70), and an image monitoring apparatus(80). The system duplexing apparatus(25) allows the other system to automatically switch a system in case of abnormality such as erroneous operation of the system at an engineering station(20), and operates and protects the whole system. The GPS auto time receiving apparatus(60) has a time data function by receiving GPS reference time to make identical accuracy of time for measuring and controlling the whole apparatus. The auto weather observing apparatus(70) measures, maintains, and repairs data of temperature, solar radiation, rainfall, direction and velocity of wind to have a weather measuring function and a display function. The image monitoring apparatus(80) has an image monitoring function of the whole apparatus, a visitor monitoring function, and an alarming function.

Description

태양광 발전장치 {Photovoltaic power generation apparatus} PV devices {Photovoltaic power generation apparatus}

도 1은 본 발명의 전체적인 구성을 나타낸 구성도 1 is a block diagram showing an overall block diagram of the present invention;

도 2는 본 발명의 영상감시장치의 구성예시도 Figure 2 is a schematic illustration of a video surveillance apparatus of the present invention

도 3은 본 발명의 원격지제어시스템의 설치상태 전면예시도 3 is an installation state front illustration of a remote control system of the present invention

* 도면의 주요부분에 대한 부호의 설명 * Description of the Related Art

10 : 원격지제어시스템 20 : 중앙제어메인장치 10: remote control system 20: central control main unit

25 : 시스템 이중화장치 30 : 네트워크망 25: system redundancy unit 30: network mans

31 : 시리얼 게이트웨이 40 : 전력변환장치 31: serial gateway 40: electric power conversion system

45 : 태양광어레이 계측장치 50 : 전력계통도 표시장치 45: aspect flatfish ray measuring device 50: power system diagram display device

60 : GPS 자동시각수신장치 70 : 자동기상관측장치 60: GPS automatic time reception apparatus 70: automatic meteorological observation device

80 : 영상감시장치 90 : 인터네폰장치 80: video surveillance system 90: inteone phone device

A : 태양전지모듈 S : 송전계통부문 A: solar module S: Transmission Systems Division

본 발명은 태양광 발전장치에 관한 것으로, 더욱 구체적으로는 원격지에 설치된 태양광 발전설비의 각종 데이터를 수집,분석,저장하고 분석된 자료를 이용하 여 설치된 설비를 최적의 상태에서 제어하여 태양광의 발전효율성을 높일 수 있도록 한 것이다. The present invention relates to a photovoltaic device, and more specifically to collect various data of the solar power generation equipment is installed in a remote location, analysis, storage, and controls the open take advantage of the insights provided equipment in optimal conditions of sunlight power generation It will have to improve its efficiency.

일반적으로 태양광 발전 시스템(PV; Power Generation System)은 태양 에너지의 무공해성, 무한정성에 힘입어 지구 환경 문제와 미래 에너지원의 다각화 대책으로서 선진 각국에서 활발히 연구 개발이 진행되고 있다. In general, solar power systems (PV; Power Generation System) is driven by pollution Province, Wuhan sincerity of solar energy as a diversification measure of global environmental issues and future energy sources, active research and development in advanced countries is in progress.

특히,우리나라는 자원이 부족하기 때문에 대체에너지의 개발이 절대적으로 필요하며, 특히 환경오염을 방지하기 위한 친환경적 에너지 개발이 필요하다. In particular, the country has to develop a absolutely necessary in alternative energy because resources are low, it is particularly necessary to develop environmentally friendly energy to prevent environmental pollution. 이를 위해 태양광 발전시스템의 개발이 활성화되고 있다. Development of a photovoltaic system is activated for this purpose.

이러한 태양광 발전시스템은 태양광 집점판에서 생산된 직류전기를 출력조절장치를 거쳐 축전지에 충전하거나 인버터에서 교류로 변환하여 수용가에 공급하는 설비이다. The solar power system is a facility that is charged to the storage battery to the direct current produced by the solar house jeompan via the output control device, or converted to alternating current by the inverter to supply the suyongga. 이 태양광 발전시스템은 야간에는 일조량이 없으므로 주간에 축전지에 충전된 전기를 야간에 사용하고 있으며, 우천시나 일조량이 부족하여 전기를 생산하지 못할 경우에는 발전기를 운전하여 전기를 생산하여 수용자에게 공급한다. This will be solar power system because there is no night, sunshine, if the electric charge to the battery during the day and to use at night, unable to generate electricity in case of rain or sunshine is not enough to to to drive a generator to produce electricity supplied to prisoners .

이때, 원격지에 설치된 태양광 발전설비의 각종 데이터를 수집,분석,저장하고 분석된 자료를 이용하여 설치된 설비를 최적의 상태에서 제어할 수 있어야 한다. At this time, the collect various data of the solar power generation equipment is installed in a remote location, analyzing, and fitted with a data storage and analysis should be able to be controlled in the optimum state.

본 발명의 태양광 발전장치는 감시시스템의 안정성,계측 및 제어를 위한 시간의 정확도,발전설비의 실시간 감시,다양한 기상상태변화와 같이 발전용량의 여러 가지 상황변화등에도 정확하게 감시제어 할 수 있는 발전설비의 다양하고 정확한 통합감시시스템으로 발전효율성을 높일 수 있도록 한 태양광 발전장치를 제공함에 있다. Photovoltaic device according to the present invention is also developed to monitor accurately controlled a number of changes in the conditions of the generation capacity or the like, such as real-time monitoring, and a variety of weather conditions change in the accuracy of the time, power equipment for safety, measuring and control of the monitoring system is a to vary and improve the power generation efficiency in the correct integration monitoring system solar-electric power generator of the plant to provide.

본 발명의 태양광 발전장치는 중앙통제본부에 설치되는 원격지제어시스템(10)과, 상기 원격지제어시스템과 연결된 중앙제어메인장치(20)와, 네트워크망(30), 전력변환장치(40), 태양광어레이 계측장치(45), 전력계통도 표시장치(50)로 이루어진 것에 있어서, 하나의 중앙제어메인장치(20)에서 시스템의 오동작등 이상발생시 다른 시스템이 자동으로 시스템을 절체하여 전체 시스템을 운영 보호하는 이중화기능의 시스템 이중화장치(MCS DUAL)(25)와, 전 장비의 계측 및 제어를 위하여 시간의 정확도를 일치시키기 위해 GPS 기준시각 수신에 의한 시간데이터 기능의 GPS 자동시각수신장치(60)와, 기상계측 기능과 표시기능을 갖기위해 온도,온도,일사량,강수량,풍향,풍속의 데이터를 계측하고 유지보수를 할수 있도록 설치되는 자동기상관측장치(70)와, 전체 시스템 설 Photovoltaic device according to the present invention and with a remote control system 10, which is installed in a central control center, the central control main unit 20 coupled to the remote control system, data network 30, power converter 40, in what consisting aspect flatfish ray measuring device 45, a power system diagram display unit 50, by switching the one of the central control main unit 20, system malfunction, etc. from any error other system is an automatic system as in operating the overall system system redundancy unit of redundancy to protect (MCS dUAL) (25) and, GPS automatic time reception apparatus 60 of the hour data function of the GPS reference time received, to match the accuracy of the time for the measurement and control of the entire equipment and, the automatic meteorological observation device 70 is to have a gas phase measurement function and display function measuring the temperature, temperature, solar radiation, rain, wind direction, the data of the wind speed and installed to be the maintenance, the entire system design 치장비의 영상감시기능 및 경보센서가 설치된 장소의 출입자 감시 및 경보기능등을 하는 영상감시장치(80)로 이루어져 있다. It consists of a video surveillance device 80 to the like chulipja monitoring and alarm functions of the place video surveillance and alarm sensor of the value installed equipment.

또한, 상기 발전장치의 운전상황을 관리자가 수동으로 감시하여 웹 기반의 시스템 관리가 가능하고 원격제어할 수 있는 인터넷폰장치(90)를 더 포함한다. In addition, by monitoring the operation status of the power generation device to an administrator manually further it includes a VoIP device (90) with a system management web-based to enable the remote control.

도면중 미설명부호 S는 송전계통부문을 나타낸다. In the figure, reference sign S denotes a transmission system sector.

이하 본 발명에 따른 바람직한 구성 실시예를 보다 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다. In more detail the preferred structure embodiment according to the present invention are as follows.

중앙통제본부에 설치되는 원격지제어시스템(10)은; Remote control system (10) installed in the central control headquarters; 관리자가 컴퓨터(Computer)를 통하여 태양광 발전설비를 감시 제어하기 위한 장치로서 중앙제어메인장치(Engineering Station)와 연동되며 인터넷(Internet),네트워크(Network),CDMA 무선통신을 기반으로 감시제어를 용이하게 하도록 하는 것으로, CCTV 원격제어 PC (11)와,MMI 원격제어 PC (12)와 프린터(13)가 구비되어 있다. Administrator to interact with the central control main unit (Engineering Station) An apparatus for controlling monitor the PV power plant through a computer (Computer), and facilitate the monitoring and control to the Internet (Internet), a network (Network), based on the CDMA wireless communication as to cause, a CCTV remote control PC (11) and, MMI remote control PC (12) and the printer (13) is provided.

또, 원격지제어시스템(10)은 통합 감시제어를 위하여 인터넷기반으로 구축되어지는 통합 감시제어에 적용되는 소프트웨어는 최신OS (Linux, Unix, MS_Windows) 소프트웨어들을 시스템의 기본 환경으로 사용하여 사용자로 하여금 각종 설정 작업 및 전체 시스템의 운전/감시 작업을 용이하게 하여야 하고, 최적화된 성능으로 실행될 수 있도록 실시간 다중작업 및 풍부한 확장성을 가진 OS(Operating System)환경을 제공하여야 하고, 통신은 이더넷 TCP/IP를 지원하는 시스템으로 구축되도록 하며, 화면구성은 웹 브라우저를 통한 감시,제어 화면으로 기타 필요한 상태 및 메뉴는 아이콘형태로 표시하고, 주요 설비별 상태를 전체적으로 한 화면에서 감시할 수 있게 한다. The remote control system 10 is software that is applied to the integrated monitoring and control that is built into Internet-based to an integrated monitoring and control using the latest OS (Linux, Unix, MS_Windows) software as the default environment, the system allows the user to various It should provide a set task and should facilitate the operation / surveillance work of the entire system, and real-time multi-task to run with optimized performance and (operating system) OS environment with rich expandability, and communication is an Ethernet TCP / IP so build support systems, and screen configuration allows you to monitor the surveillance, control screens and other necessary conditions, and the menu is an icon, represented by, and one for each major facility state as a whole screen via a web browser.

또한, 원격지제어시스템(10)은 발생되는 모든 경보를 일괄적으로 정리한 화면으로, 경보 발생 순서별로 발생 시, 분, 초, Tag Name, Tag Comment, Alarm-Status등을 한 행에 표시하여 경보 상태를 전체적으로 간단한 파악할 수 있어야 하 며, 최소한 24시간 이상의 데이터를 표시되어야 하고, 측정값의 시간에 따른 변화를 표시하는 화면으로 좌표 상에 다른 색상으로 표현된 4개까지의 측정값의 기록 점을 한 화면에 표시하여 과거의 정보들에 대한 상태 추이를 감시 및 분석 할 수 있어야 하고, 각 화면별로 필요한 경우 특정 측정값만을 선정하여 선정된 색상으로 쉽게 측정값 변화를 확인 할 수 있도록 하고, 그래픽 화면을 포함한 모든 운전 화면에서 측정값의 감시,운전 및 각종 형식의 윈도우 화면을 동시에 표시 할 수 있어야 하며, 일보,주보,월보,알람, 운전자의 In addition, the remote control system (10) as a summary of all alarms that occur in batches screen, and the minute the event of an alarm occurred sunseobyeol, second, Tag Name, Tag Comment, Alarm-Status Indicator in a row Alert It said to be able to easy grasp the state as a whole, the recording points of the measured values ​​of the up to four expression should see the data of at least 24 hours, with different colors to coordinate the screen to display the change with time of the measured values allow to appear on the screen to identify the specific measure only selected by easily measuring a selected color value changes, if necessary, the state transition by monitoring and be able to analyze, each screen for the historical information and graphics display It must be able to display the monitoring, operation and various types of window display of measured values ​​in all operating screens at the same time, including, in daily, weekly, monthly, alarm, driver 작 상황등의 보고서 작성기능과 각 측정 장치로부터 전달되는 각종 데이터를 분류 처리하여 이들 데이터를 필요로 하는 다른 기능에서 억세스(Access) 할 수 있는 데이터처리기능을 갖도록 함이 바람직하다. Operation conditions such as reporting capabilities and to have access (Access) data processing capability to other features of the various types of data which require these data classification process received from each measuring apparatus that this is preferred.

상기와 같이 중앙통제본부에 설치되는 원격지제어시스템(10)은, 시스템모니터링으로 장비의 상태정보와 실시간 데이터를 확인 할 수 있고, 데이터 분석으로 저장된 데이터와 실시간 데이터를 그래프 형식으로 볼 수 있고, 관리되어지는 장비에서 검출된 데이터를 데이터베이스에 저장. The remote control system 10, which is installed in a central control center as described above, it is possible to determine the device status information and the real-time data to the system monitor, it is possible to view the stored data and real time data to the data analysis in graphical format, the management storing the data detected in that the equipment to the database. 일별, 월별, 년별의 형식으로 보고서 확인, 현장 및 장비에서 검출된 데이터에서 이상이 발생되었을 경우 데이터베이스에 기록된 이벤트를 확인 할 수 있는 알람보기, 시스템 구성도를 이미지로 볼 수 있고, 이용자설정을 할 수 있게 된다. Daily, monthly, confirmed reports in the form of a yearly, if two or more in the detected data in the field and equipment caused the alarm view that you can check the events recorded in the database, you can view the system block diagram as an image, the user settings It is able to.

중앙제어메인장치(20)는; Central control main unit 20; 태양광 발전설비의 각종 데이터(Data)를 수집,분석, 저장하고 분석된 자료를 이용하여 설치된 설비를 제어하는 전용 소프트웨 어(Software)가 내장되어지는 것으로, CCTV 지역제어 PC (21),웹서버(Web Server)(22),프린터(23가 구비되고 하나의 시스템에서 시스템 FAIL 이나 이상시 다른 시스템이 자동으로 시스템을 절체하여 전체 시스템을 운영 보호하기 위한 MCS 가 두대로 구성되는 시스템 이중화장치(MCS DUAL)(25)가 구비된다. Sunlight collecting various types of data (Data) of the power plant, the analysis, by which is stored a dedicated software (Software) to control the installed equipment by using the materials and analyzing internal, CCTV local control PC (21), the web server (Web Server) (22), the printer (23 is provided and the system is to transfer the one system system FAIL or other system is automated system when more than the MCS for the protection operating the whole system consists of two redundant devices (MCS is provided with a DUAL) (25).

또, 중앙제어메인장치(20)는 다양한 방식의 통신과 전력제어 및 전력감시 통신기기들 간의 데이터 통신의 안정성을 위한 기능을 가지는 안정화기능과, 시스템의 제어 계측 감시를 위하여 고속 데이타 통신기능을 가지는 고속 데이터 통신기능과, 추후 태양광 어레이 모듈 증설시 모듈의 계측이 가능한 시스템 확장성 기능과, 전력 계측 장치 증설시 별도의 장치 추가 없이 소프트웨어 업그레이드(S/W upgrade)가 가능 하여야 한다. In addition, the central control main unit 20 having a high-speed data communication function for the stabilization and control instrumentation monitoring system has a function for stability of data communication between communication and power control and power monitoring communication devices in a variety of ways It is to be capable of high-speed data communication function, and further the solar array module is available system scalability features and software upgrades without adding a separate device provide additional power measuring device measuring the modules provide additional (S / W upgrade).

상기와 같은 중앙제어메인장치(20)에서는 전체 시스템을 제어 및 감시, 웹 시스템 과 원격 제어 프로그램과의 데이터 통신,전력 계측 기능 및 전력 감시 기능, DVR 제어 시스템과의 인터페이스, 경보 및 센서 정보 수신을 위한 인터페이스 기능과 함께 시스템 이중화장치(MCS DUAL)(25)에 의해 하나의 시스템에서 시스템 FAIL 이나 이상시 다른 시스템이 자동으로 시스템을 절체하여 전체 시스템을 운영 보호하므로 통신과 전력제어 및 전력감시 통신기기들 간의 데이타 통신의 안정성을 크게 높여 발전신뢰도를 향상시키게 된다. The central control main unit 20, such as the control and monitoring of the entire system, a web system and a remote control program and the data communication, power measurement function and a power monitoring function, interface, alarms, and sensors receive information from the DVR control system for interface features with system redundancy (MCS DUAL) (25) by one system in the systems FAIL or later when other systems are automatically system for switching the complete system operational protection communicates with power control and power monitoring communications equipment significantly increases the reliability of data communication between, thereby improving the power generation reliability.

네트워크망(30)은; Network network 30; 수집된 데이터를 TCP/IP 포트를 통하여 수신하여 시리얼 게이트웨이(serial Gate Way)(31) 및 발전네트워트와 접속하고 TCP/IP 포트, USB 포트, 유선 및 무선 인터넷 접속포트가 구비되어야 한다. Received via the TCP / IP port on the collected data shall be provided with a connection with serial gateway (serial Gate Way) (31) and power generation neteuwoteu and TCP / IP port, USB port, wired and wireless Internet access port.

상기 네트워크망(30)은 시리얼 게이트웨이에서 인터페이스된 데이터를 이더넷(Ethernet)을 통하여 수신하여 표준화된 데이터 프로토콜로 변환하여 통합 서버로, 발전장치의 광 통신망을 이용하여 데이터를 전송하는 기능을 수행하고 전력변환장치(40),태양광어레이 계측장치(45),전력계통도 표시장치(50)등의 전력관련 기기 들을 원격지 제어시스템에서 제어 할 수 있게 한다. The network network 30 performs the function of transmitting data using an optical communication network of the power generation device to the integration server, and converted into a data protocol standardized receives the data interface from the serial gateway via Ethernet (Ethernet) and power It makes it possible to control the converter 40, the aspect flatfish ray measuring device 45, a power system diagram display unit 50 such as the power-related devices in the remote control system.

시리얼 게이트웨이(31)는, 태양광 발전설비의 인버터, 디지탈계전기 및 추후 인터페이스(Interface)될 수 있는 장비들과의 데이터 인터페이스(Data Interface)를 하기위한 장치로서 개별Input, 개별Output, 아날로그 Input, 아날로그Output, 시리얼통신 포트가 구비된다. Serial gateway 31, the solar power generation equipment of the inverter, the digital relay, and further a device for the data interface (Data Interface) with the equipment to be interface (Interface) a separate Input, individual Output, Analog Input, Analog Output, is provided with a serial communication port.

전력변환장치(40)는; The power conversion device 40; 태양전지모듈(A)로부터 출력된 직류전력을 교류전력으로 변환하여 계통에 공급하는 전력변환수단으로, 현재 장치의 운영 및 제어 상태를 감시하며 데이타 수집 및제어 상태를 표시하고 그 상태 및 데이터를 메인장치로 통보 및 전달한다. Power conversion means converts the DC power outputted from the solar cell module (A) into AC power to be supplied to the system, the main the status and data currently monitor the operation and control conditions of the devices, and display the data acquisition and control state, and The notification and transmitted to the device.

태양광어레이 계측장치(45)는; Aspect flatfish ray measuring device (45); 그룹별 태양전지 모듈 어레이 슬레이브 계측장치가 수집한 전압,전류의 테이타를 수집 및 상위시스템 으로 데이터 통보및 전달,각 그룹별 PV 어레이 모듈의 상태 감시 및 제어, 태양전지 어레이 모둘의 전압, 전류를 계측 및 연산 기능 ,그룹별 태양전지 어레이 모듈의 이상상태 감지시 상위시스템으로 전달하고 태양광 어레이 개폐기를 차단하며 정상상태로인지 된 경우 자동으로 슬레이브 장치는 개폐기를 연결하며, 원격지 시스템에서 접속반 개폐기를 제어하는 경우 슬레이브장치는 상위 시스템으로부터의 제어 명령에 의한 기능을 수행 하며 그 결과와 상태를 상위 시스템으로 전달한다. Groups solar cell module array, the slave measuring device collects a voltage, the collection and the host system to teyita the current data notification and transfer, the condition monitoring and control of the respective group-specific PV array module, a solar array voltage, measuring the current of the modul and arithmetic functions, transmitted to the abnormality detected at the host system of the group-specific solar cell array module and block the solar array switches and, if the perceived as a steady state, and automatically to the slave device is connected to the switch, a connection half-switches on the remote computer when controlling the slave device performs the function of the control command from the host system, and passes the result to the state with the host system.

전력계통도 표시장치(50)는; Power system diagram display device 50; 전력 계통의 흐름을 직관적으로 알수 있고 그 상태(전력장비의 상태 및 개폐 스위치 상태)가 표시되어야 한다. Know the flow of the electric power system in an intuitive and should be displayed that state (and the open-close switch state of the power device).

상기 전력계통도 표시장치(50)는 현재 전력의 흐름 및 상태를 LED 현황판으로 표시하며 이 표시장치에는 기상데이타 및 시간 및 현재 전력 계통의 흐름과 발전량,송전량이 포함된다. The power system diagram display unit 50 will now show the flows and state of the power to the LED dashboards, and the display device including the amount of weather data and time and consumption and power generation of the current power systems, power transmission.

GPS 자동시각수신장치(60)는; GPS automatic time receiving device 60; 위성으로 부터 데이타를 수신 하여 시간 정보를 추출 연산하고 전체 시스템에 통보 전달 및 자체 세그먼트 또는 LCD 로 기준시각을 표시한다. Operation to receive data from the satellite to extract the time information and displays the reference time to the notification transmission and self segment or LCD on the overall system.

상기 GPS 자동시각수신장치(60)에 의해 GPS 기준 시각 수신에 의한 시간 데이터 일치기능과 전 장비의 계측 및 제어를 위하여 시간의 정확도를 일치시켜 발전안정성을 높여주게 된다. The by GPS matches the automatic time reception time data matches capabilities and accuracy of the time for the measurement and control of the entire equipment according to the GPS reference time received by the device 60 is to give increasing the power generation stability.

자동기상관측장치(70)는; Observing apparatus 70, automatic weather is; 기상 계측 기능 과 표시기능을 갖되 온도, 습도, 일사량, 강수량, 풍향, 풍속의 데이타를 계측하고 유지보수를 위하여 설치된 그 위치에서 표시되어야 한다. Measurement data from and has a gas phase measurement function and display the temperature, humidity, solar radiation, rain, wind direction, wind speed, and should be displayed in its place installed for maintenance.

상기 자동기상관측장치(70)에 의해 시간대별,일별,주간별,월별 기상현황(경사면 일사량, 수평면 일사량, 외기온도, 태양전지 표면온도), 태양전지 발전 현황, 부하 현황 등을 평균, 최소, 최대, 누적치로 표시하여 발전용량을 정확하게 계측할 수 있게 된다. The automatic meteorological observation device on time of day, by day, by week, month vapor into by 70 (the inclined surface irradiation, the horizontal surface solar radiation, outside temperature, solar battery surface temperature), a solar cell power generation status, load status, such as the average, minimum, for up to, cumulative value to be able to accurately measure the electric power generation capacity.

영상감시장치(80)는; Video monitoring device 80; 전체 시스템 설치장비의 영상감시기능 및 경보센서가 설치된 장소의 출입자 감시 및 경보기능등을 하되 위치센서 및 경보센서 인터페이스를 위한 H/W 접속으로 이루어진 아날로그 다중신호수신부,아날로그 다중신호(ANALOG MUX)로 부터 인터페이스된 데이타를 수신하여 그 종류에 따라 상위 시스템(원방감시 시스템) 및 시스템으로 전달하는 위치 센서 감시부, 원격지 제어 컴퓨터로 부터 명령을 수신하여 카메라의 방향을 제어하는 카메라 제어부로 이루어지고 녹화(DVR) 시스템에서 화면녹화,화면 저장,화면 검색 기능을 수행한다. The entire system installation equipment video surveillance and alarm sensor is installed chulipja monitoring and alarm functions, etc., but the position sensor and an analog multiplexed signal consisting of H / W connected to an alarm sensor interface receiver, the analog multiplexed signal (ANALOG MUX) in place of from receives the interface data, the host system in accordance with the type (remote monitoring systems), and to receive commands from, a remote control computer, a position sensor monitoring unit for transmitting to the system comprise a camera control unit for controlling the orientation of the camera recording ( in DVR) system to perform screen recording, screen save, screen, search function.

상기 영상감시장치(80)에 의해 카메라 방향제어에 따른 영상 감시 기능, 움직임 감지 및 센서 작동에 의한 자동 녹화 기능, 경보센서가 설치 된 장소의 출입자 감시 및 경보기능, 실내 특정 장비에 접근할 경우 그 상태 표시기능, 다양한 형태의 분할 화면 제공 (1~16분할)을 통한 동시영상 감시 기능,각각의 카메라에 요일 별, 시간 별, 녹화 지정 기능 ,특정 카메라에 대한 집중 감시 기능, 재생 속도 조절 기능,저장 및 검색기능,녹화된 특정 장면을 저장 또는 인쇄 기능,영상 보정 기능: 명암, 밝기를 현장의 조건에 맞게 조절하여 최적의 화상을 보정하는 기능,원격지 네트워크를 통한 실시간 영상 및 각종 작동상황 전송기능,원격지 사용자의 요청에 따른 녹화 영상 전송으로 상시 감시하여 모니터링 할 수 있게되어 전반적인 시스템의 상황변화에 신속히 대 The video monitoring system surveillance function according to by 80 in the camera direction control, motion detection and automatic recording function, alarm sensor chulipja monitoring and alarm functions of the installation site of the sensor operation, in which case access to the interior specific equipment status display, provides a split screen of various types (1 to 16 split) simultaneous video surveillance, the centralized monitoring function, the playback speed control function for each specific to the camera day, time-specific, recording specifying function, a specific camera with, save or print the storage and retrieval function, the recorded specific scene function, the image correction function: contrast, brightness adjusted according to the field conditions and the ability to correct the optimum picture, live video, and various operating conditions transmitted via a remote network function , a recorded image transmission according to the remote user's request to be able to constantly monitor to be monitored promptly about changes in the conditions of the overall system 할 수 있게 된다. It is able to.

인터넷폰장치(90)는 스피커폰 기능 제공,다양한 기능 키 지원,인터넷 상의 다양한 지연 및 패킷 오류에 대응하기 위한 QoS기술을 적용해 최적의 음질제공,PoE(Power over Ethernet) 기능 지원, 다양한 Network관리 기능 지원 ,체계적인 장비 관리를 위한 표준 SNMP Agent 와 MIB II,Bridge MIB 등을 지원,원격 제어 기능을 가능하게 하는 Telnet 및 Rlogin 기능 지원, 웹 기반의 장비 관리가 가능하도록 기능 지원,TFTP 및 FTP 에 의한 원격 소프트웨어 업그레이드기능을 지원하도록 한다. Internet phone device 90 with speakerphone capability provided, various function keys support, by applying QoS technology for a variety of delay and packet error optimum sound quality available, PoE (Power over Ethernet) capabilities support a variety of Network Management on the Internet support, remote by Telnet and Rlogin function support, support equipment management, Web-based can be, TFTP and FTP that allows a standard SNMP Agent and MIB II, Bridge MIB, remote control, support for systematic equipment management and to support software upgrades.

상기 인터넷폰장치(90)에 의해 관리자가 발전장치의 운전상황을 수동으로 감시하여 웹 기반의 시스템 관리가 가능하고 원격제어할 수 있는 특징을 갖게 된다. The Internet is an administrator by phone device (90) to manually monitor the operation status of the power generation device will have a feature in Systems Management Web-based to enable the remote control.

한편 상기 원격지제어시스템(10)에 구비되는 모니터 및 인터넷(Internet),네트워크(Network),CDMA 무선통신을 기반으로 감시제어를 하기위한 콘트롤러와 각종 서버는 도 3에서와 같이 하나의 하우징 내에 내장되어 보호 및 감시를 효과적으로 수행할 수 있도록 함이 바람직하다. On the other hand, the remote monitor and the Internet that is provided to the control system (10) (Internet), a network (Network), the controller and the various servers to the monitoring and control based on the CDMA wireless communication is contained in a single housing, as shown in Figure 3 this is desirable also to be done to protect and monitor effectively.

이와 같이 된 본 발명의 태양광 발전장치는 중앙제어메인장치의 시스템 이중화장치(MCS DUAL)에 의해 감시시스템의 안정성, GPS 자동시각 수신장치에 의해 계측 및 제어를 위한 시간의 정확도, 자동기상관측장치에 의해발전설비의 실시간 감시,다양한 기상상태변화와 같이 발전용량의 여러가지 상황변화등에도 정확하게 감시제어 할 수 있는 발전설비의 다양하고 정확한 통합감시시스템을 갖게 되는 특징이 있다. Thus, the photovoltaic device of the present invention system, a duplication unit (MCS DUAL) accuracy, the automatic meteorological observation unit time for measurement, and controlled by the stability, GPS auto-time receiver of the monitoring system by the central control main unit by power plants of the real-time monitoring, and a variety of weather conditions change and as the generation capacity of various circumstances change, etc. is also accurate monitoring and control to be in power plants of the variety and accurate integrated surveillance systems have to be characterized it.

또한, 인터넷폰장치에 의해 관리자가 발전장치의 운전상황을 수동으로 감시하여 웹 기반의 시스템 관리가 가능하고 원격제어할 수 있는 등 태양광의 발전효율성을 높일 수 있는 효과가 있다. Also, the effects that can increase the photovoltaic power generation efficiency can control the administrator to manually monitor the operation status of the power generator system management web-based available and remotely by internet phone devices.

Claims (2)

  1. 중앙통제본부에 설치되는 원격지제어시스템(10)과, 상기 원격지제어시스템과 연결된 중앙제어메인장치(20)와, 네트워크망(30), 전력변환장치(40), 태양광어레이 계측장치(45), 전력계통도 표시장치(50)로 이루어진 것에 있어서, And a remote control system 10, which is installed in a central control center, and the central control main unit 20 coupled to the remote control system, data network 30, power converter 40, the aspect flatfish ray measuring device (45) in that, consisting of a power system diagram display unit 50,
    하나의 중앙제어메인장치(20)에서 시스템의 오동작등 이상발생시 다른 시스템이 자동으로 시스템을 절체하여 전체 시스템을 운영 보호하는 이중화기능의 시스템 이중화장치(MCS DUAL)(25)와, And a central control main unit 20 in case of abnormality such as malfunction of the system, different system is system redundancy unit of redundancy to operate protect the entire system by automatically switching the system (MCS DUAL) (25) at,
    전 장비의 계측 및 제어를 위하여 시간의 정확도를 일치시키기 위해 GPS 기준시각 수신에 의한 시간데이터 기능의 GPS 자동시각 수신장치(60)와, And GPS automatic time reception apparatus 60 of the hour data function of the GPS reference time received, to match the accuracy of the time for the measurement and control of the entire device,
    기상계측 기능과 표시기능을 갖기위해 온도,온도,일사량,강수량,풍향,풍속의 데이터를 계측하고 유지보수를 할수 있도록 설치되는 자동기상관측장치(70)와, And automatic meteorological observation device 70 is to have a gas phase measurement function and display function measuring the temperature, temperature, solar radiation, rain, wind direction, the data of the wind speed and installed to be the maintenance,
    전체 시스템 설치장비의 영상감시기능 및 경보센서가 설치된 장소의 출입자 감시 및 경보기능등을 하는 영상감시장치(80)로 이루어진 것을 특징으로 하는 태양광 발전장치 Photovoltaic device according to claim consisting of the entire system installation video surveillance and chulipja monitoring the location alarm sensor is installed, and an image monitor device 80 to the alarm functions, etc. of the equipment
  2. 제 1항에 있어서, 상기 발전장치의 운전상황을 관리자가 수동으로 감시하여 웹 기반의 시스템 관리가 가능하고 원격제어할 수 있는 인터넷폰장치(90)를 더 포함하여서 됨을 특징으로 하는 태양광 발전장치 The method of claim 1, wherein the photovoltaic power generation apparatus characterized in that the driving state of the generator manager to manually monitor the hayeoseo further comprising a VoIP device 90 that can be enabled and the remote control system, control of web-based
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